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外文翻译--现代机械设计方案.doc

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外文翻译--现代机械设计方案.doc

英文原文THEPROGRAMMESOFMODERNMECHANICALDESIGNTHEMECHANICALDESIGNOFPRODUCTSTHATISNOTPURELYMATHEMATICALCALCULATIONSUSINGTHEMETHODS,ALSODIFFICULTTOUSEMATHEMATICALMODELSTODESCRIBETHECOMPLETE,ANDMUSTBEINACCORDANCEWITHPRODUCTFEATURESFORMALDESCRIPTIONHELPDESIGNEXPERTKNOWLEDGEANDEXPERIENCEFORREASONINGANDDECISIONMAKINGTHUS,FORTHEPURPOSEOFCOMPUTERAIDEDDESIGNPRODUCTS,THENEEDTOADDRESSTHEUSEOFCOMPUTERSTORAGEANDPRODUCTDESIGNKNOWLEDGEANDDESIGNEXPERTS,ANDOTHERPARTIESTOTHEDECISIONMAKINGPROBLEM,THERESULTINGPRODUCTCHARACTERISTICSOFKNOWLEDGEBASEDDESIGNMETHODSATPRESENT,THEINTELLIGENTDESIGNMETHODISTOUSE3DGRAPHICSSOFTWAREANDVIRTUALREALITYTECHNOLOGYINDESIGN,VISUALIZATIONBETTER,USERSCANDEVELOPEARLYINACERTAINDEGREEOFDIRECTPARTICIPATIONINTHEDESIGN,BUTSYSTEMICPOOR,ANDPARTSOFTHESTRUCTURE,SHAPE,SIZE,LOCATIONTODETERMINETHEREASONABLE,DEMANDSOFTWAREWITHHIGHDEGREEOFINTELLIGENCE,ORHAVEEXTENSIVEEXPERIENCEINTHEDESIGNERS2,THEMODULARDESIGNSTRUCTUREFROMTHEPERSPECTIVEOFPLANNINGPRODUCTSDEFINITIONOFDESIGNTASKSTOTHEFUNCTIONALSTRUCTUREBASEDPRODUCTS,THEPRODUCTHASBEENUSEDSOLUTIONSSUCHASCOMMONPARTSANDCOMPONENTS,ETCTODESCRIBETHEDESIGNTASK,THATTHEDECOMPOSITIONOFTASKSONEACHTASKTOCONSIDERWHETHERTHEREARECORRESPONDINGTOTHEPRODUCTSOLUTION,SOTHATINTHEPRODUCTPLANNINGSTAGEDESIGNTASKSTOELIMINATEPOTENTIALCONFLICTS,EARLYPRODUCTIONFORECASTS,COSTS,ANDTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEDESIGNPROCESSOFADJUSTMENT,WHICHCANIMPROVEDESIGNEFFICIENCYANDRELIABILITY,WHILEALSOREDUCINGTHECOSTOFNEWPRODUCTFELDMANNWILLDESCRIBETHEDESIGNOFTHEFUNCTIONOFTHEPRODUCTMIXISDIVIDEDINTOFOURTIERS,1PRODUCT→2FUNCTIONALCOMPONENTS→3MAJORFUNCTIONALCOMPONENTS→4FUNCTIONALCOMPONENTSANDUSINGAPPLICATIONORIENTEDFEATURESOFTHEDIRECTORYSTRUCTURE,THEFUNCTIONALCOMPONENTSFORMORESPECIFICQUALITATIVEANDQUANTITATIVEDESCRIPTIONMEANWHILEDEVELOPEDPRODUCTSSUITEDTOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFANEARLYDESIGNSTAGEANDTHEUSEOFTHESOFTWARETOOLSSTRATTHATTHEMAJORITYOFMACHINERYSPECIALIZEDFUNCTIONSCANBEUSEDEXISTINGPRODUCTSOLUTIONS,ANDWITHTHENEWSOLUTIONISONLYASMALLNUMBEROFSPECIALFEATURES,THEREFORE,THEEXCLUSIVEUSEOFMECHANICALDESIGNFUNCTIONSOFTHEPRODUCTMIX,MACHINERYSPECIALIZEDFORTHEEVALUATIONOFTHEDESIGN,MANUFACTURINGRISKSAREVERYFAVORABLEPROMOTIONOFTHEPRODUCTFUNCTIONONTHEBASISOFTHEANALYSIS,WILLBEDIVIDEDINTOPRODUCTSWITHAPARTICULARFUNCTIONINONEORSEVERALOFTHEBASICMODULARSTRUCTURE,THROUGHOPTIONSANDCOMBINATIONSOFTHESEBASICMODULARSTRUCTUREFORMEDINTODIFFERENTPRODUCTSTHESEBASICSTRUCTURESCANBEPARTS,COMPONENTS,OREVENASYSTEMIDEALMODULARSTRUCTURESHOULDHAVEASTANDARDIZEDINTERFACEDEPARTMENTOFCONNECTIVITYANDTIE,ANDISSERIALIZED,ANDGENERALIZED,INTEGRATED,HIERARCHICAL,FLEXIBLE,ECONOMY,INTERCHANGEABILITYIS,COMPATIBILITYANDRELEVANCECHINASCOMBINATIONOFSOFTWARECOMPONENTTECHNOLOGYANDCADTECHNOLOGY,DESIGNANDDEFORMATIONOFCOMPOSITEDESIGNCOMBINEDACCORDINGTOTHECLASSIFICATIONMODULARTHEORY,MACHINEPROCESSINGCENTERWILLBEDIVIDEDINTOSMALLANDPRODUCTLEVEL,COMPONENTLEVEL,COMPONENTLEVELANDCOMPONENTLEVEL,ANDTHEUSEOFEXPERTKNOWLEDGEANDTECHNOLOGYTOTHEIRCADPORTFOLIOINTODIFFERENTVARIETIES,THEFUNCTIONALMODULESPECIFICATIONS,BYTHECOMBINATIONOFTHESEFUNCTIONALMODULESINTODIFFERENTPROCESSINGCENTEROVERALLPROGRAMTHEDESIGNFORTHEDIRECTORYASACHOICEVARIATIONMECHANICALSTRUCTURETOOLS,DESIGNELEMENTSFORTHESOLUTIONOFINTEGRITY,STRUCTUREOFTHEORGANIZATIONFORMEDSOLUTIONSETDESIGNCATALOGANDTHESOLUTIONSETDESIGNDIRECTORYLISTEDACOMMENTONEACHOFADDITIONALINFORMATIONSOLUTIONS,ISVERYCONDUCIVETOTHESOLUTIONDESIGNENGINEERSTOCHOOSEELEMENTSACCORDINGTOTHEMECHANICALPARTSCONNECTIVITYFEATURES,BEGROUPEDINTOFOURTYPES1DIRECTINTERPOSITIONINGCOMPONENTS,ANDSELFADJUSTMENTOFCOMPONENTS;2STRUCTURECOMMONTOTHEASSEMBLY;3HAVINGANESTEDSTRUCTUREANDNESTEDCOMPONENTSCONNECTIVITY;4MODULARSTRUCTUREWITHMODULARCOMPONENTSANDCONNECTIVITYANDTHEPOTENTIALUSEOFSYMBOLSSAIDTYPICALCOMPONENTSANDTHECONNECTINGELEMENTRULES,THISREALIZATIONOFTHECONNECTIONBETWEENTHECOMPONENTSOFTHEALGORITHMANDTHECONCEPTOFVISUALIZATIONMECHANICALSYSTEMSDURINGTHEDESIGN,THEFUNCTIONALESTABLISHMENTOFAMODULETOFUNCTIONDECOMPOSITION,ANDAFUNCTIONALDECOMPOSITIONOFTHEBESTPILLSWITHTHEDEGREEOFFUNCTIONALINSTITUTIONSTYPECORRESPONDENCESTRUCTUREESTABLISHMENTOFAMODULE,ASAFUNCTIONALSOLUTIONOFCHOICEINORDERTOACHIEVEMAPPINGALGORITHM2,THECHARACTERISTICSOFKNOWLEDGEBASEDPRODUCTDESIGNKNOWLEDGEBASEDPRODUCTDESIGNCHARACTERISTICSOFTHEMAINFEATURESUSINGCOMPUTERSTOIDENTIFYTHELANGUAGETODESCRIBETHECHARACTERISTICSOFTHEPRODUCTANDITSDESIGNEXPERTSINTHEFIELDOFKNOWLEDGEANDEXPERIENCE,CORRESPONDINGINFERENCEENGINEANDKNOWLEDGEBASE,REUSESTOREDDOMAINKNOWLEDGEANDREASONINGMECHANISMESTABLISHEDBYTHECOMPUTERAIDEDDESIGNPROGRAMMECHANICALSYSTEMSDESIGNISMAINLYBASEDONTHEPRODUCTSWITHTHECHARACTERISTICSANDTHEDESIGNOFEXPERTSINTHEFIELDOFKNOWLEDGEANDEXPERIENCEINPOLICYMAKINGANDIMPLEMENTATIONCAPACITY,COMPLETINGTHETYPE,CONSOLIDATEDTOACHIEVETHISSTAGEOFTHECOMPUTERAIDEDDESIGN,RESEARCHMUSTAUTOMATICACQUISITIONOFKNOWLEDGE,EXPRESSION,INTEGRATION,COORDINATION,MANAGEMENTANDUSETOTHISEND,SCHOLARSATHOMEANDABROADDESIGNMECHANICALSYSTEMSDESIGNKNOWLEDGEOFAUTOMATEDPROCESSINGDONEALOTOFRESEARCHWORK,THEMETHODCANBESUMMARIZEDINTHEFOLLOWINGSEVERAL21CODINGMETHODUNDERTHECONVERSIONCAMPAIGNFUNCTIONSFUNCTIONSTOORGANIZATIONSCLASSIFIED,ANDTHEUSEOFCODESTODESCRIBEFUNCTIONALYUANANDTHEINSTITUTIONALCATEGORY,WHICHESTABLISHEDTHESYSTEMDESIGNEXPERTSYSTEMKNOWLEDGEBASEONTHISBASIS,BINARYLOGICANDFUZZYTHEORYCOMBINEDTHEESTABLISHMENTOFTHEEXPERTSYSTEMSOFTHEREASONINGMECHANISM,ANDWORKSPACESFORFOURSPECIALMACHINEDESIGNPROGRAMUSEOFTHETHEORYOFBIOLOGICALEVOLUTIONTHROUGHNATURALSELECTIONANDSEXUALREPRODUCTIONTOTHEEVOLUTIONOFORGANISMSPRINCIPLE,ATTHEINSTITUTIONALDESIGN,THEUSEOFNETWORKTHEORYTOMAPTHESTRUCTUREOFEXPRESSIONTOPOLOGYMAP,ANDTHROUGHTHECODINGTECHNOLOGYPUTTHESTRUCTUREANDPROPERTIESOFINDIVIDUALCHROMOSOMEINTOABINARYSTRINGOFAFEW,ANDPREPAREDINACCORDANCEWITHTHEDESIGNREQUIREMENTSFITNESS,USEOFTHETHEORYOFBIOLOGICALEVOLUTIONCONTROLREPRODUCTIVEMECHANISM,THROUGHSELECTION,CROSSOVER,SUDDENVARIATIONS,ANDOTHERMEANSADAPTTOTHELOWVALUEOUTUNSUITABLEINDIVIDUALS,ARAPIDEVOLUTIONARYPROCESSISTHEOPTIMALADAPTIVEINDIVIDUAL,THATISTHEBESTDESIGNREQUIREMENTSOFAGENCYPROGRAMS22KNOWLEDGEMIXEDEXPRESSIONSCOMPLEXMECHANICALSYSTEMSDESIGN,ADOPTIONOFHYBRIDKNOWLEDGEEXPRESSIONTODESCRIBETHEDESIGNOFALLTYPESOFKNOWLEDGEISPARTICULARLYWELLSUITED,THISHASBEENOURDESIGNMANYSCHOLARSCONSENSUSINTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCOMPLEXPRODUCTDESIGNINTELLIGENTDECISIONSUPPORTSYSTEMDMDSS,TOTHERULES,FRAMEWORKS,PROCESSANDNEURALNETWORKMETHODSOFKNOWLEDGEREPRESENTATIONANDCOMBINEDWITHTHEDESIGNTOSUITDIFFERENTTYPESOFKNOWLEDGEDESCRIBEDOFASINGLEVARIETYOFMETHODSOFKNOWLEDGEREPRESENTATIONRULES,THEFRAMEWORKANDPROCESS,ACCORDINGTOTHEOBJECTORIENTEDPROGRAMMINGPRINCIPLESWITHTHEFRAMEWORKOFTHESLOTSSAIDTHEATTRIBUTEWITHTHERULESSAIDTHEDYNAMICCHARACTERISTICSOFOBJECTSUSINGAPROCESSTHATKNOWLEDGE,AMIXEDCOMPOSITIONOFTHEKNOWLEDGEEXPRESSIONPATTERNS,ANDSUCCESSFULLYDEVELOPEDTHEOBJECTORIENTEDNCMILLINGMACHINEGEARBOXDESIGNGBCDISINTELLIGENTSYSTEMANDCHANGESPEEDBOXSTRUCTUREDESIGNEXPERTSYSTEMGBSDES23THEUSEOFKNOWLEDGEBASEDDEVELOPMENTTOOLSCOUPLINGINTHECADSYSTEM,THEUSEOFKNOWLEDGEBASEDDEVELOPMENTTOOLSNEXPERTDCOMUSINGTHEOBJECTORIENTEDMETHODS,THECREATIONOFOBJECTORIENTEDDATABASEDESIGN,COUPLINGOFDESIGNERSFORTHEDESIGNANDSTRUCTURALDESIGNPROVIDESABROADANDRELIABLEDESIGNSPECTRUMNEXPERTISUSINGTHELINEARGUIDEDESCRIBESTHEDESIGNNEEDSTOBEBASEDONKNOWLEDGEOFTHEDESIGN,THISSEEKINGOUTOFKNOWLEDGEBASEDSOLUTIONS,ANDDEVELOPLINEARGUIDEWAYDESIGNEXPERTSYSTEM24DESIGNOFCONTENTSCONSTRUCTIONOFMODULES,FUNCTIONALELEMENTSOLUTIONANDBODYTHREEPROGRESSIVEDESIGNDIRECTORY,THISWILLBETHREEPROGRESSIVEDESIGNDIRECTORYASAMECHANICALTRANSMISSIONPROGRAMSINTELLIGENTDESIGNTHEORYOFKNOWLEDGEBASESYSTEMDESIGNANDDEVELOPMENTSUPPORTTOOLS25BASEDONTHEEXAMPLEOFTHEMETHODINTHEDEVELOPMENTOFEXPERTSYSTEMBASEDDESIGNOFTHEKNOWLEDGEBASE,USINGTHEBASICDESCRIPTIONOFTHEPREDICATEDESIGNREQUIREMENTS,CONDITIONSANDDESIGNOFTHESELECTEDPROGRAM,FRAMESTRUCTUREDESCRIBEDENGINEERINGPRACTICEANDVARIOUSCONCEPTENTITY,THROUGHCASEBASEDREASONINGTECHNOLOGYTOGENERATECANDIDATESOLUTIONSTOTHEALLOCATIONASPIRINPRODUCTSDESIGNREQUIREMENTS3,INTELLIGENTDESIGNINTELLIGENTDESIGNISTHEMAINFEATURESDESIGNTHEORY,USING3DGRAPHICSSOFTWARE,INTELLIGENTDESIGNSOFTWAREANDVIRTUALREALITYTECHNOLOGY,ANDMULTIMEDIA,HYPERMEDIATOOLSFORPRODUCTDEVELOPMENTDESIGN,EXPRESSIONPRODUCTIDEAS,DESCRIBINGTHESTRUCTUREOFPRODUCTSINTHEUSEOFMATHEMATICALTHEORYATTHESAMETIME,INCONSIDERATIONOFTHETHEORYOFSYSTEMSENGINEERING,PRODUCTDESIGNTECHNOLOGYANDSYSTEMSDEVELOPMENTMETHODOLOGIESVDI2221DEVELOPEDFORPRODUCTDESIGNINTHEEARLYDEVELOPMENTOFTHEMULTIMEDIASYSTEMSOFTWAREMUSEAUTOMATICTELLERMACHINESDURINGTHEDESIGN,THEENTIREPRODUCTDEVELOPMENTPROCESSASPRODUCTPLANNINGDEVELOPMENTANDPRODUCTIONPLANNINGSTAGETHREE,ANDFULLUSEOFEXISTINGCADCUTTINGEDGETECHNOLOGIESVIRTUALREALITYTECHNOLOGY1PRODUCTPLANNINGCONCEPTPRODUCTSITSTASKISTODETERMINETHEEXTERNALPRODUCTCHARACTERISTICS,SUCHASCOLOR,SHAPE,SURFACEQUALITY,ERGONOMICS,ETC,ANDTHEIDEAOFUSINGTHEINITIALTHREEDIMENSIONALCADMODELSHOWSTHATTHEESTABLISHMENTOFPRODUCTSTOREFLECTTHESHAPEOFASIMPLEMODEL,THEMODELCANESTABLISHVIRTUALENVIRONMENT,USINGDATACAPAND3DMOUSE,USERSALSOTOSOMEEXTENTINVOLVEDINTHEENVIRONMENT,ANDCANQUICKLYGENERATEDIFFERENTSHAPESANDCOLORSDETECTIONISATHREEDIMENSIONALMODELOFTHEEFFECTOFTHEEXTERNALSHAPE,ASWELLASADESIGNVARIABLEGEOMETRYSHOWSTHATTHEBASISFORTHESAMETIMETHEPROCESSOFDEVELOPINGVARIOUSTYPESOFANALYSIS2DEVELOPMENTDESIGNPRODUCTSACCORDINGTOTHEMAINSTAGE,SYNTHESISSYSTEMPRINCIPLE,ATHREEDIMENSIONALMODELOFTHECONFIGURATIONANDINTEGRATIONSOLUTIONELEMENTS,SOLUTIONSBASEDONTHEDESIGNELEMENTSOFTHEDIFFERENTGOALSHAVEDIFFERENTMEANINGSITISTHEBASICELEMENTS,SUCHASBOLTS,ORWHEELSHAFTCONNECTED;ITCANALSOBEACOMPOSITEELEMENTS,SUCHASMECHANICAL,ELECTRICALANDELECTRONICCOMPONENTS,CONTROLTECHNOLOGYORSOFTWARECOMPONENTSOFTHEDRIVESYSTEM;ITMAYALSOBEREQUESTED,CHARACTER,SHAPE,ANDSOONTOACHIEVEFUNCTIONALSOLUTIONOFTHEKEYELEMENTSOFTHETHREEDIMENSIONALDISTRIBUTIONMODEL,WILLBETHECONFIGURATIONOFPRODUCTSDESIGNMODELSOLUTIONTOTHERELATIONSBETWEENELEMENTS,PRODUCTCONFIGURATIONANALYSISISINTEGRATEDPRODUCTPLANNINGANDDEVELOPMENTANIMPORTANTMEANSOFTHERESULTS3PRODUCTIONPLANNINGPROCESSINGANDASSEMBLINGPRODUCTSATTHISSTAGE,MAINLYDISCUSSESTHEASSEMBLYPROCESSOFCADTECHNOLOGY,PROPOSEDUSINGCOMPUTERIMAGEDISPLAYSOLUTIONELEMENTSINTHECORRESPONDING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