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外文翻译--论机电一体化的发展.doc

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外文翻译--论机电一体化的发展.doc

英文原文BYINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDEVELOPMENTTHEMODERNSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGYUNCEASINGDEVELOPMENT,IMPELLEDDIFFERENTDISCIPLINEINTERSECTINGENORMOUSLYWITHTHESEEPAGE,HASCAUSEDTHEPROJECTDOMAINTECHNOLOGICALREVOLUTIONANDTHETRANSFORMATION,INMECHANICALENGINEERINGDOMAIN,BECAUSETHEMICROELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYANDTHECOMPUTERTECHNOLOGYRAPIDDEVELOPMENTANDFORMSTOTHEMECHANICALINDUSTRYSEEPAGETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERY,CAUSEDTHEMECHANICALINDUSTRYTHETECHNICALSTRUCTURE,THEPRODUCTORGANIZATION,THEFUNCTIONANDTHECONSTITUTION,THEPRODUCTIONMETHODANDTHEMANAGEMENTSYSTEMHASHADTHEHUGECHANGE,CAUSEDTHEINDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONTOENTERINTO“THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERY”BY“THEMACHINERYELECTRIFICATION”FORTHECHARACTERISTICDEVELOPMENTPHASEFIRST,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYOUTLINEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYISREFERSINTHEORGANIZATIONNEWOWNERFUNCTION,THEPOWERFUNCTION,INTHEINFORMATIONPROCESSINGFUNCTIONANDTHECONTROLFUNCTIONINTRODUCESTHEELECTRONICTECHNOLOGY,UNIFIESTHESYSTEMTHEMECHANISMANDTHECOMPUTERIZATIONDESIGNANDTHESOFTWAREWHICHCONSTITUTESALWAYSTOCALLTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDEVELOPMENTALSOHASBECOMEONETOHAVEUNTILNOWOWNSYSTEMNEWDISCIPLINE,NOTONLYDEVELOPSALONGWITHTHESCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,BUTALSOENTRUSTSWITHTHENEWCONTENT,BUTITSBASICCHARACTERISTICMAYSUMMARIZEISTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYISEMBARKSFROMTHESYSTEMVIEWPOINT,SYNTHESISCOMMUNITYTECHNOLOGIESANDSOONUTILIZATIONMECHANICALTECHNOLOGY,MICROELECTRONICTECHNOLOGY,AUTOMATICCONTROLTECHNOLOGY,COMPUTERTECHNOLOGY,INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY,SENSINGOBSERVATIONANDCONTROLTECHNOLOGY,ELECTRICPOWERELECTRONICTECHNOLOGY,CONNECTIONTECHNOLOGY,INFORMATIONCONVERSIONTECHNOLOGYASWELLASSOFTWAREPROGRAMMINGTECHNOLOGY,ACCORDINGTOTHESYSTEMFUNCTIONGOALANDTHEOPTIMIZEDORGANIZATIONGOAL,REASONABLEDISPOSITIONANDTHELAYOUTVARIOUSFUNCTIONSUNIT,INMULTIPURPOSE,HIGHGRADE,REDUNDANTRELIABLE,INTHELOWENERGYCONSUMPTIONSIGNIFICANCEREALIZETHESPECIFICFUNCTIONVALUE,ANDCAUSESTHEOVERALLSYSTEMOPTIMIZATIONTHESYSTEMSENGINEERINGTECHNOLOGY,FROMTHISPRODUCESFUNCTIONSYSTEM,THENBECOMESANINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYSYSTEMATICORTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTTHEREFORE,“THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERY”COVERING“THETECHNOLOGY”AND“THEPRODUCT”TWOASPECTS,ONLYARE,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTECHNOLOGYISBASEDONTHEABOVECOMMUNITYTECHNOLOGYORGANICFUSIONONEKINDOFCOMPREHENSIVETECHNOLOGY,BUTISNOTMECHANICALTECHNICAL,THEMICROELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYASWELLASOTHERNEWTECHNICALSIMPLECOMBINATION,PIECESTOGETHER,THISISTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYANDTHEMACHINERYADDSTHEMACHINERYELECTRIFICATIONWHICHTHEELECTRICITYFORMSINTHECONCEPTBASICDIFFERENCE,THEMECHANICALENGINEERINGTECHNOLOGYHASTHEMERELYTECHNICALTODEVELOPTHEMACHINERYELECTRIFICATION,STILLWASTHETRADITIONALMACHINERY,ITSMAINFUNCTIONSTILLWASREPLACESWITHTHEENLARGEMENTPHYSICALSTRENGTH,AFTERBUTDEVELOPEDTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERY,MICROELECTRONINSTALLMENTELIMINATEDMAYSUBSTITUTEFORCERTAINMECHANICALPARTSORIGINALOUTSIDEFUNCTION,BUTALSOCANENTRUSTWITHMANYNEWFUNCTIONS,LIKETHEAUTOMATICDETECTION,THEAUTOMATICREDUCTIONINFORMATION,DEMONSTRATETHERECORD,THEAUTOMATICCONTROLANDTHECONTROLAUTOMATICDIAGNOSISANDTHEPROTECTIONAUTOMATICALLYANDSOON,NOTONLYNAMELYTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTISHUMANSHANDANDBODYEXTENDING,HUMANSSENSEORGANANDTHEBRAINSLOOK,HASTHEINTELLECTUALIZEDCHARACTERISTICISTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYANDTHEMACHINERYELECTRIFICATIONDISTINGUISHESINTHEFUNCTIONESSENCESECOND,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDEVELOPMENTCONDITIONINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDEVELOPMENTMAYDIVIDEINTO3STAGESROUGHLY,20THCENTURY60SBEFOREFORTHEFIRSTSTAGE,THISSTAGEISCALLEDTHEINITIALSTAGE,INTHISTIME,THEPEOPLEDETERMINATIONNOTONOWNINITIATIVEUSESTHEELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYTHEPRELIMINARYACHIEVEMENTTOCONSUMMATETHEMECHANICALPRODUCTTHEPERFORMANCE,SPECIALLYINSECONDWORLDWARPERIOD,THEWARHASSTIMULATEDTHEMECHANICALPRODUCTANDTHEELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYUNION,THESEMECHANICALANDELECTRICALUNIONMILITARYTECHNOLOGY,POSTWARTRANSFERSCIVILLY,TOTHEPOSTWARECONOMICALRESTORATIONPOSITIVEFUNCTION,HASDEVELOPEDANDTHEDEVELOPMENTATTHATTIMEGENERALLYSPEAKINGALSOISATTHESPONTANEOUSCONDITION,BECAUSEATTHATTIMETHEELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTNOTYETACHIEVEDCERTAINLYLEVELMECHANICALTECHNICALANDELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYUNIONALSONOTIMPOSSIBLEWIDESPREADANDTHOROUGHDEVELOPMENT,ALREADYDEVELOPEDTHEPRODUCTWASALSOUNABLETOPROMOTEMASSIVELYTHE20THCENTURY7080AGESFORTHESECONDSTAGE,MAYBECALLEDTHEVIGOROUSDEVELOPMENTSTAGE,THISTIME,THECOMPUTERTECHNOLOGY,THECONTROLTECHNOLOGY,THECOMMUNICATIONDEVELOPMENT,HASLAIDTHETECHNOLOGYBASEFORTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDEVELOPMENT,LARGESCALE,ULTRALARGESCALEINTEGRATEDCIRCUITANDMICROCOMPUTERSWIFTANDVIOLENTDEVELOPMENT,HASPROVIDEDTHEFULLMATERIALBASEFORTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDEVELOPMENT,THISTIMECHARACTERISTICIS①AMECHATRONICSWORDFIRSTGENERALLYISACCEPTEDINJAPAN,PROBABLYOBTAINSTHEQUITEWIDESPREADACKNOWLEDGMENTTO1980SLASTSTAGESINTHEWORLDWIDESCALE;②THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTECHNOLOGYANDTHEPRODUCTOBTAINEDTHEENORMOUSDEVELOPMENT;③THEVARIOUSCOUNTRIESSTARTTOTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTECHNOLOGYANDTHEPRODUCTGIVETHEVERYBIGATTENTIONANDTHESUPPORT1990SLATERPERIODS,STARTEDTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTECHNOLOGYTHENEWSTAGEWHICHMAKESGREATSTRIDESFORWARDTOTHEINTELLECTUALIZEDDIRECTION,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYENTERSTHETHOROUGHDEVELOPMENTTIME,ONTHEONEHAND,OPTICS,THECOMMUNICATIONANDSOONENTEREDTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERY,PROCESSESTHETECHNOLOGYALSOZHANTOAPPEARTINYINTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTHEFOOT,APPEAREDTHELIGHTINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYANDTHEMICROINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYANDSOONTHENEWBRANCH;ONTHEOTHERHANDTOTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYSYSTEMMODELLINGDESIGN,THEANALYSISANDTHEINTEGRATEDMETHOD,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYDISCIPLINESYSTEMANDTHETRENDOFDEVELOPMENTHASALLCONDUCTEDTHETHOROUGHRESEARCH,SIMULTANEOUSLY,BECAUSEDOMAINSANDSOONARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCETECHNOLOGY,NEURALNETWORKTECHNOLOGYANDOPTICALFIBERTECHNOLOGYOBTAINTHEHUGEPROGRESS,OPENEDTHEDEVELOPMENTVASTWORLDFORTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTECHNOLOGY,THESERESEARCH,WILLURGETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYFURTHERTOESTABLISHTHEINTEGRITYTHEFOUNDATIONANDFORMSTHEINTEGRITYGRADUALLYTHESCIENTIFICSYSTEMTHIRD,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTRENDOFDEVELOPMENTINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYISTHECOLLECTIONMACHINERY,THEELECTRON,OPTICS,THECONTROL,THECOMPUTER,THEINFORMATIONANDSOONTHEMULTIDISCIPLINARYOVERLAPPINGSYNTHESES,ITSDEVELOPMENTANDTHEPROGRESSRELYONANDPROMOTETHECORRELATIONTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTANDTHEPROGRESS,THEREFORE,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYMAINDEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONISASFOLLOWS31INTELLECTUALIZEDINTELLECTUALIZATIONISA21STCENTURYINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTECHNOLOGICALDEVELOPMENTIMPORTANTDEVELOPMENTDIRECTION,THEARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCEOBTAINSDAYBYDAYINTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYCONSTRUCTORSRESEARCHTAKES,THEROBOTANDTHENUMERICALCONTROLENGINEBEDINTELLECTUALIZATIONISTHEIMPORTANTAPPLICATION,HERESAID“THEINTELLECTUALIZATION”ISTOTHEMACHINEBEHAVIORDESCRIPTION,ISINTHECONTROLTHEORYFOUNDATION,THEABSORPTIONARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCE,THEOPERATIONSRESEARCH,THECOMPUTERSCIENCE,THEFUZZYMATHEMATICS,THEPSYCHOLOGY,THEPHYSIOLOGYANDTHECHAOSDYNAMICSANDSOONTHENEWTHOUGHT,THENEWMETHOD,SIMULATETHEHUMANINTELLIGENCE,ENABLEITTOHAVEABILITIESANDSOONJUDGMENTINFERENCE,LOGICALTHINKING,INDEPENDENTDECISIONMAKING,OBTAINSTHEHIGHERCONTROLGOALINORDERTO,INDEED,ENABLETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTTOHAVEWITHTHEHUMANIDENTICALINTELLIGENCE,ISNOTIMPOSSIBLE,ALSOISNONESSENTIAL,BUT,THEHIGHPERFORMANCE,THEHIGHSPEEDMICROPROCESSORENABLETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTTOHAVEPRELIMINARYINTELLIGENTORHUMANSPARTIALINTELLIGENCES,THENISCOMPLETELYPOSSIBLEANDESSENTIAL32MODULARMODULATIONSAREONEITEMIMPORTANTANDTHEARDUOUSPROJECT,BECAUSETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTTYPEANDTHEMANUFACTURERAREMANY,BUTTHEDEVELOPMENTANDTHEDEVELOPMENTHAVESTANDARDMECHANICALCONNECTION,ELECTRICALCONNECTION,POWERCONNECTION,THEENVIRONMENTCONNECTIONINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTUNITAREANITEMEXTREMELYCOMPLEXALSOARETHEEXTREMELYIMPORTANTMATTERS,LIKETHEDEVELOPMENTCOLLECTIONDECELERATION,THEINTELLIGENTVELOCITYMODULATION,THEELECTRICALMACHINERYINABODYPOWERUNIT,HAVEFUNCTIONANDSOONVISION,IMAGERYPROCESSING,RECOGNITIONANDRANGEFINDERCONTROLUNITS,ASWELLASEACHKINDCANCOMPLETETHEMODELOPERATIONTHEMECHANISM,LIKETHIS,MAYUSETHESTANDARDUNITTODEVELOPTHENEWPRODUCTRAPIDLY,SIMULTANEOUSLYALSOMAYEXPANDTHESCALEOFPRODUCTION,THISNEEDFORMULATIONEACHSTANDARD,INORDERTOVARIOUSPARTS,THEUNITMATCHANDTHECONNECTION,ASARESULTOFTHECONFLICTSOFINTEREST,VERYWILLBEDIFFICULTTOFORMULATEINTERNATIONALORTHEDOMESTICTHISASPECTSTANDARDINTHENEARFUTURE,BUTMIGHTTHROUGHSETUPSOMEBIGENTERPRISESTOFORMGRADUALLY,OBVIOUSLY,THEADVANTAGEWHICHFROMTHEELECTRICALPRODUCTSTANDARDIZATION,THESERIATIONWILLBRINGMAYAFFIRM,REGARDLESSOFWILLBETOPRODUCESTHESTANDARDINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYUNITTHEENTERPRISETOPRODUCETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTTHEENTERPRISE,THEFORMALIZATIONWILLGIVETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYENTERPRISETOBRINGTHEHAPPYFUTURE33NETWORK1990S,THECOMPUTERTECHNOLOGYANDSOONTHEPROMINENTACHIEVEMENTWASTHENETWORKING,NETWORKINGSTARTINGWITHTHERAPIDDEVELOPMENTFORTHESCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,THEINDUSTRIALPRODUCTION,POLITICAL,THEMILITARY,THEEDUCATIONMAGNANIMOUSACTPERSONDAILYLIFEHASALLBROUGHTTHEHUGETRANSFORMATION,EACHKINDOFNETWORKTHEGLOBALECONOMY,THEPRODUCTIONLINKEDUPINTOASINGLESTRETCH,ENTERPRISESCOMPETITIONWILLALSOGLOBALIZE,ONCETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYNEWPRODUCTDEVELOPED,SOLONGASITSFUNCTIONWEREORIGINAL,THEQUALITYWASRELIABLE,VERYQUICKCOULDTHEBESTSELLINGWHOLEWORLD,ASARESULTOFTHENETWORKPOPULARIZATION,WASONTHERISEBASEDONNETWORKEACHKINDOFLONGDISTANCECONTROLANDTHESURVEILLANCETECHNOLOGY,BUTLONGDISTANCECONTROLTERMINALDEVICEITSELFWILLBETHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCT,THEFIELDBUSWASTHEDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCESNETWORKHASBECOMETHESITUATIONWITHTHELOCALAREANETWORKTECHNOLOGY,CONNECTEDUSINGTHEFAMILYNETWORKEACHKINDOFDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCESTAKETHECOMPUTERASTHECENTRALCOMPUTERINTEGRATIONELECTRICALAPPLIANCESSYSTEM,CAUSEDTHEPEOPLEATHOMETOSHARETHEINCONVENIENCEANDTHEJOYWHICHEACHKINDOFHIGHTECHBROUGHT,THEREFORE,THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTFACEDTHENETWORKDIRECTIONTODEVELOPWITHOUTDOUBT34MICROMINIATURIZEDMICROMINIATURIZATIONEMERGEINTHEENDOF1980S,REFERSISTHEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYTOTHEMINIATUREMACHINEANDTHEMICROSCOPICDOMAINDEVELOPMENTTENDENCY,OVERSEASNAMEITMICROELECTRONMECHANICALSYSTEMMEMS,MAKESAGENERALREFERENCETHEGEOMETRYSIZENOTTOSURPASS1CM3THEINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCT,ANDTOMICRON,THENANOMETERLEVELDEVELOPMENT,THEMICROINTEGRATIONOFMACHINERYPRODUCTVOL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