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外文翻译--论机电一体化的发展.doc

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外文翻译--论机电一体化的发展.doc

英文原文ByintegrationofmachinerydevelopmentThemodernscienceandtechnologyunceasingdevelopment,impelleddifferentdisciplineintersectingenormouslywiththeseepage,hascausedtheprojectdomaintechnologicalrevolutionandthetransformation,inmechanicalengineeringdomain,becausethemicroelectronictechnologyandthecomputertechnologyrapiddevelopmentandformstothemechanicalindustryseepagetheintegrationofmachinery,causedthemechanicalindustrythetechnicalstructure,theproductorganization,thefunctionandtheconstitution,theproductionmethodandthemanagementsystemhashadthehugechange,causedtheindustrialproductiontoenterintotheintegrationofmachinerybythemachineryelectrificationforthecharacteristicdevelopmentphase.First,theintegrationofmachineryoutlineIntegrationofmachineryisrefersintheorganizationnewownerfunction,thepowerfunction,intheinformationprocessingfunctionandthecontrolfunctionintroducestheelectronictechnology,unifiesthesystemthemechanismandthecomputerizationdesignandthesoftwarewhichconstitutesalwaystocall.Theintegrationofmachinerydevelopmentalsohasbecomeonetohaveuntilnowownsystemnewdiscipline,notonlydevelopsalongwiththescienceandtechnology,butalsoentrustswiththenewcontent,butitsbasiccharacteristicmaysummarizeisTheintegrationofmachineryisembarksfromthesystemviewpoint,synthesiscommunitytechnologiesandsoonutilizationmechanicaltechnology,microelectronictechnology,automaticcontroltechnology,computertechnology,informationtechnology,sensingobservationandcontroltechnology,electricpowerelectronictechnology,connectiontechnology,informationconversiontechnologyaswellassoftwareprogrammingtechnology,accordingtothesystemfunctiongoalandtheoptimizedorganizationgoal,reasonabledispositionandthelayoutvariousfunctionsunit,inmultipurpose,highgrade,redundantreliable,inthelowenergyconsumptionsignificancerealizethespecificfunctionvalue,andcausestheoverallsystemoptimizationthesystemsengineeringtechnology,fromthisproducesfunctionsystem,thenbecomesanintegrationofmachinerysystematicortheintegrationofmachineryproduct.Therefore,theintegrationofmachinerycoveringthetechnologyandtheproducttwoaspects,onlyare,theintegrationofmachinerytechnologyisbasedontheabovecommunitytechnologyorganicfusiononekindofcomprehensivetechnology,butisnotmechanicaltechnical,themicroelectronictechnologyaswellasothernewtechnicalsimplecombination,piecestogether,thisistheintegrationofmachineryandthemachineryaddsthemachineryelectrificationwhichtheelectricityformsintheconceptbasicdifference,themechanicalengineeringtechnologyhasthemerelytechnicaltodevelopthemachineryelectrification,stillwasthetraditionalmachinery,itsmainfunctionstillwasreplaceswiththeenlargementphysicalstrength,afterbutdevelopedtheintegrationofmachinery,microelectroninstallmenteliminatedmaysubstituteforcertainmechanicalpartsoriginalOutsidefunction,butalsocanentrustwithmanynewfunctions,liketheautomaticdetection,theautomaticreductioninformation,demonstratetherecord,theautomaticcontrolandthecontrolautomaticdiagnosisandtheprotectionautomaticallyandsoon,notonlynamelytheintegrationofmachineryproductishumanshandandbodyextending,humanssenseorganandthebrainslook,hastheintellectualizedcharacteristicistheintegrationofmachineryandthemachineryelectrificationdistinguishesinthefunctionessence.Second,theintegrationofmachinerydevelopmentconditionIntegrationofmachinerydevelopmentmaydivideinto3stagesroughly,20thcentury60sbeforeforthefirststage,thisstageiscalledtheinitialstage,inthistime,thepeopledeterminationnotonowninitiativeusestheelectronictechnologythepreliminaryachievementtoconsummatethemechanicalproducttheperformance,speciallyinSecondWorldWarperiod,thewarhasstimulatedthemechanicalproductandtheelectronictechnologyunion,thesemechanicalandelectricalunionmilitarytechnology,postwartransferscivilly,tothepostwareconomicalrestorationpositivefunction,hasdevelopedandthedevelopmentatthattimegenerallyspeakingalsoisatthespontaneouscondition,becauseatthattimetheelectronictechnologydevelopmentnotyetachievedcertainlyLevel.Mechanicaltechnicalandelectronictechnologyunionalsonotimpossiblewidespreadandthoroughdevelopment,alreadydevelopedtheproductwasalsounabletopromotemassively.The20thcentury7080agesforthesecondstage,maybecalledthevigorousdevelopmentstage,thistime,thecomputertechnology,thecontroltechnology,thecommunicationdevelopment,haslaidthetechnologybasefortheintegrationofmachinerydevelopment,largescale,ultralargescaleintegratedcircuitandmicrocomputerswiftandviolentdevelopment,hasprovidedthefullmaterialbasefortheintegrationofmachinerydevelopment,thistimecharacteristicis①AmechatronicswordfirstgenerallyisacceptedinJapan,probablyobtainsthequitewidespreadacknowledgmentto1980slaststagesintheworldwidescale②Theintegrationofmachinerytechnologyandtheproductobtainedtheenormousdevelopment③Thevariouscountriesstarttotheintegrationofmachinerytechnologyandtheproductgivetheverybigattentionandthesupport.1990slaterperiods,startedtheintegrationofmachinerytechnologythenewstagewhichmakesgreatstridesforwardtotheintellectualizeddirection,theintegrationofmachineryentersthethoroughdevelopmenttime,ontheonehand,optics,thecommunicationandsoonenteredtheintegrationofmachinery,processesthetechnologyalsozhantoappeartinyintheintegrationofmachinerythefoot,appearedthelightintegrationofmachineryandthemicrointegrationofmachineryandsoonthenewbranchOntheotherhandtotheintegrationofmachinerysystemmodellingdesign,theanalysisandtheintegratedmethod,theintegrationofmachinerydisciplinesystemandthetrendofdevelopmenthasallconductedthethoroughresearch,simultaneously,becausedomainsandsoonartificialintelligencetechnology,neuralnetworktechnologyandopticalfibertechnologyobtainthehugeprogress,openedthedevelopmentvastworldfortheintegrationofmachinerytechnology,theseresearch,willurgetheintegrationofmachineryfurthertoestablishtheintegritythefoundationandformstheintegritygraduallythescientificsystem.Third,theintegrationofmachinerytrendofdevelopmentIntegrationofmachineryisthecollectionmachinery,theelectron,optics,thecontrol,thecomputer,theinformationandsoonthemultidisciplinaryoverlappingsyntheses,itsdevelopmentandtheprogressrelyonandpromotethecorrelationtechnologydevelopmentandtheprogress,therefore,theintegrationofmachinerymaindevelopmentdirectionisasfollows3.1IntellectualizedIntellectualizationisa21stcenturyintegrationofmachinerytechnologicaldevelopmentimportantdevelopmentdirection,theartificialintelligenceobtainsdaybydayintheintegrationofmachineryconstructorsresearchtakes,therobotandthenumericalcontrolenginebedintellectualizationistheimportantapplication,heresaidtheintellectualizationistothemachinebehaviordescription,isinthecontroltheoryfoundation,theabsorptionartificialintelligence,theoperationsresearch,thecomputerscience,thefuzzymathematics,thepsychology,thephysiologyandthechaosdynamicsandsoonthenewthought,thenewmethod,simulatethehumanintelligence,enableittohaveabilitiesandsoonjudgmentinference,logicalthinking,independentdecisionmaking,obtainsthehighercontrolgoalinorderto,indeed,enabletheintegrationofmachineryproducttohaveWiththehumanidenticalintelligence,isnotimpossible,alsoisnonessential,but,thehighperformance,thehighspeedmicroprocessorenabletheintegrationofmachineryproducttohavepreliminaryintelligentorhumanspartialintelligences,theniscompletelypossibleandessential.3.2ModularModulationsareoneitemimportantandthearduousproject,becausetheintegrationofmachineryproducttypeandthemanufactureraremany,butthedevelopmentandthedevelopmenthavestandardmechanicalconnection,electricalconnection,powerconnection,theenvironmentconnectionintegrationofmachineryproductunitareanitemextremelycomplexalsoaretheextremelyimportantmatters,likethedevelopmentcollectiondeceleration,theintelligentvelocitymodulation,theelectricalmachineryinabodypowerunit,havefunctionandsoonvision,imageryprocessing,recognitionandrangefindercontrolunits,aswellaseachkindcancompletethemodeloperationthemechanism,likethis,mayusethestandardunittodevelopthenewproductrapidly,simultaneouslyalsomayexpandthescaleofproduction,thisneedformulationEachstandard,inordertovariousparts,theunitmatchandtheconnection,asaresultoftheconflictsofinterest,verywillbedifficulttoformulateinternationalorthedomesticthisaspectstandardinthenearfuture,butmightthroughsetupsomebigenterprisestoformgradually,obviously,theadvantagewhichfromtheelectricalproductstandardization,theseriationwillbringmayaffirm,regardlessofwillbetoproducesthestandardintegrationofmachineryunittheenterprisetoproducetheintegrationofmachineryproducttheenterprise,theformalizationwillgivetheintegrationofmachineryenterprisetobringthehappyfuture.3.3Network1990s,thecomputertechnologyandsoontheprominentachievementwasthenetworking,networkingstartingwiththerapiddevelopmentforthescienceandtechnology,theindustrialproduction,political,themilitary,theeducationmagnanimousactpersondailylifehasallbroughtthehugetransformation,eachkindofnetworktheglobaleconomy,theproductionlinkedupintoasinglestretch,enterprisescompetitionwillalsoglobalize,oncetheintegrationofmachinerynewproductdeveloped,solongasitsfunctionwereoriginal,thequalitywasreliable,veryquickcouldthebestsellingwholeworld,asaresultofthenetworkpopularization,wasontherisebasedonnetworkeachkindoflongdistancecontrolandthesurveillancetechnology,butlongdistancecontrolterminaldeviceitselfwillbetheintegrationofmachineryproduct,thefieldbusWasthedomesticelectricappliancesnetworkhasbecomethesituationwiththelocalareanetworktechnology,connectedusingthefamilynetworkeachkindofdomesticelectricappliancestakethecomputerasthecentralcomputerintegrationelectricalappliancessystem,causedthepeopleathometosharetheinconvenienceandthejoywhicheachkindofhightechbrought,therefore,theintegrationofmachineryproductfacedthenetworkdirectiontodevelopwithoutdoubt.3.4MicrominiaturizedMicrominiaturizationemergeintheendof1980s,refersistheintegrationofmachinerytotheminiaturemachineandthemicroscopicdomaindevelopmenttendency,overseasnameitmicroelectronmechanicalsystemMEMS,makesageneralreferencethegeometrysizenottosurpass1cm3theintegrationofmachineryproduct,andtomicron,thenanometerleveldevelopment,themicrointegrationofmachineryproductvolumesmall,consumesenergyfew,themovementisnimble,inaspectsandsoonbiologicalmedicalservice,military,informationhastheincomparablesuperiority,themicrointegrationofmachinerydevelopmentbottleneckliesinthemicromechanicaltechnology,themicrointegrationofmachineryproductprocessingusesthefineprocessingtechnology,namelyultraprecisetechnology,itincludingphotoetchingtechnologyandetchingtechnologytwokinds.3.5GreenIndustriesliveddevelopedforthepeoplehavebroughtthehugechange,ontheonehand,thematerialwasrich,thelifewascomfortableOntheotherhand,theresourcesreduce,theecologicalenvironmentreceivestheseriouspollution,therefore,thepeopleappealedtheprotection

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