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法学专业毕业论文外文翻译--从中国反垄断立法看行政垄断的法律规制.doc

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法学专业毕业论文外文翻译--从中国反垄断立法看行政垄断的法律规制.doc

LegalRegulationofAdministrativeMonopolyAsViewedfromChineseAntimonopolyLawLingWangLawschoolofShandongUniversityofTechnologyZibo255049,Shandong,ChinaAbstractTheadministrativemonopolybreakstheprincipleofjustice,andhaslargeharmtothesociety.ThespecialchapterinChineseAntimonopolyLawregulatesthecontentsandcorrespondinglegalresponsibilitiesofadministrativemonopoly,butthelawstillhassomedeficiencies.TheChineseAntimonopolyLawshouldbeperfectedfromincreasingtheoperationproperty,confirmingthecomprehensivelegalresponsibilities,confirmingthelawenforcementagencyofantiadministrativemonopoly,expandingtherangeoflegalregulationandestablishingthejudicialreviewsystem.KeywordsChineseAntimonopolyLaw,Administrativemonopoly,RegulationInchina,theadministrativemonopolymainlymeansthebehaviorsthatadministrativesubjectsharmthemarketcompetitionanddestroysocialismmarketeconomyorderbytheadministrativepower.Theadministrativemonopolyinitiallybelongstoeconomicmonopoly,anditsharmismorethaneconomicmonopoly,anditdestroystheprincipleofjustice,andinducestheoccurrenceofunfaircompetitionandmonopolyinspecialmarket,anditharmsthebenefitsofmostmarketsubjects,andlargelywasteseffectiveresources,andblockstheestablishmentandperfectionofthesocialismmarketcompetitionmechanism.Therefore,itshouldseeksolutionandregulationmethodsfromvariousapproachesfortheadministrativemonopoly.Onlyinthisway,theobstacleofChineseeconomicsystemreformandthedevelopmentofmarketeconomycanberemoved,whichcanpromotethequickdevelopmentofeconomy,enhancethelivinglevelofpeople,improvethetotalsurvivalenvironment,andrealizetheharmonyandstabilityofthesociety.1.RegulationofadministrativemonopolyinChineseAntimonopolyLawFortheregulationofadministrativemonopoly,therearemanyresearchesanddiscussionsamongChinesescholars,andthesystemreformviewandthelegalregulationviewarerepresentativeviews.Thesystemreformviewthinksthattheadministrativemonopolyistheproductofsystem,anditcanbecompletelysolvedbydeepeningtheeconomicsystemreformandthepoliticalsystemreform,andthelegalmeasureishardtosolvetheproblemofadministrativemonopoly.Thecentralcontentofthelegalregulationviewisthattheadministrativemonopolyisveryharmful,anditmustbeforbiddenmainlybythelaws.Thelegalregulationviewisalsocanbedividedintotwofactions,andoneistomainlyusetheadministrativelawtoregulatetheadministrativemonopoly,andtheotherthinksthatChineseAntimonopolyLawisthemainpowertoregulatetheadministrativemonopoly.BecauseChineseeconomicandpoliticalsystemreformisagradualprocesswhichneedsquitelongtermendeavors,andthistransferneedslargepatientandwillpower,sotheadministrativemonopolyhasbeenaveryhotpotatoatpresent,andithasseriouslyblockedtheeconomicdevelopmentofChinawithlargesocialharms,anditevenblockstheeconomicandpoliticalsystemreformswhichisbeinginChina,soitmustbeforbiddenassoonaspossible,orelse,thelargedestroyingfunctiononthedevelopmentofChineseeconomywillbehardtoimage.Therefore,itistooidealtoonlydependonthesystemreformtoregulatetheadministrativemonopoly,andtheeffectisnotobvious.Inthepresentnationalsituation,lawisthefeasiblemeasuretoregulatetheadministrativemonopoly.Becausetheadministrativemonopolyrootsineconomicmonopolyandhasmanycharactersandharmsofeconomicmonopoly,moreandmorelegalscholarswanttoutilizeChineseAntimonopolyLawtoregulatetheadministrativemonopoly.ItisthecharacteristicofChineseAntimonopolyLawtotaketheadministrativemonopolyasthecontrolobjectofantimonopoly,anditseemsanecessaryselectionaccordingtothenationalsituation,becausetheadministrativemonopolyformingintraditionalplannedeconomysystemisimpossibletoberemovedbyadministrativemeasure,anditcanonlybesolvedbythelegalmeasure,i.e.theAntimonopolyLawZhang,1993,P.357.AtAugust1of2008,ChineseAntimonopolyLawbecameeffectiveinpeoplesexpectations,andthefifthchapterspeciallyregulatesthecontentofadministrativemonopoly,andthearticlesfrom32to37respectivelygeneralizetheeliminationofadministrativepowerabuseandthebehaviorsofcompetitionlimitation,andcompletelyregulatetheconcreterepresentformofadministrativemonopoly,andarticle51regulatescorrespondinglegalresponsibilities.Thus,theregulationofadministrativemonopolyisfirstregulatedinlaw,andthelegalapproachisthemainmeasuretogoverntheadministrativemonopoly,whichindicatedthatthelegalregulationviewhadbeenadoptedfinally.ThecontentsofadministrativemonopolyintheAntimonopolyLawembodiestheadvancementofChineselegaltheorystudyandlegislationtechnology,anditshowedthedecisionofChineselegislatorstostandardizetheenforcementofadministrativepowerandstoptheabuseofadministrativepower.Ofcourse,lawisonlyonemostimportantmeasuretoregulatetheadministrativemonopoly,andthereasonableandeffectivereformsinpolityandeconomyalsohaveveryimportantmeaningsfortheregulationofadministrativemonopolybehaviors.2.DeficienciesofadministrativemonopolyregulationinChineseAntimonopolyLawRelativeregulationsaboutadministrativemonopolyinChineseAntimonopolyLawareactiveandhelpfulexplorationtoregulateadministrativemonopolybehaviorsbylaw,andcorrespondinglegalregulationsaredeeplymeaningfulandinfluencingtoeliminatethebadinfluencesofadministrativemonopoly,promotethefaircompetition,establishnormalmarketorder,andguaranteetheordereddevelopmentofmarketeconomy.However,whetherrelativecorrespondingsystemsorthearticlesinthechapter5stillhavesomedeficiencies,andtheantiadministrativemonopolymuchstillremainstobedone.2.1RegulationsaretoofundamentaltooperateThearticlesinthechapter5ofChineseAntimonopolyLawaresomeprincipledarticleslackinginoperation,whichmakethejudiciaryandlawenforcementagenciesaredifficulttodistinguish.Andmanyabstractconceptssuchaswhatextentcanachieveadministrativemonopoly,andwhatisthattheabuseofadministrativepowertoblockthefreecirculationofcommoditiescannotbedefinedclearlyinonlyfivelegalarticles,sothecatchwordsofantiadministrativemonopolyappearincapable.AtAugust1of2008,thefirstdaywhenChineseAntimonopolyLawwasimplemented,ChineseStateAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineencounteredthefirstcaseaboutChineseAntimonopolyLaw.However,intheexpectationoftenthousandsofpeople,thiscasecametoanuntimelyend,andthoughthecourtadoptedthearticlethatthelimitationofactionswasovertoevadethiscase,butitcanbesupposedthatifthecourtcannotevadeitbyrelativereasons,whatistheresultWasthebehaviorthatChineseStateAdministrationofQualitySupervisionforcedtopushtheelectricsupervisioncodebusinessofCiticGuoanInformationTechnologyCo.,Ltdwithitsownsharesin69kindsofproductanadministrativemonopolybehaviorTheresultmightreachthesamegoalbydifferentroutes.Andrelativeregulationsaboutthecurrentantimonopolylawendowlawofficerstoomuchdiscretiontomakethemtogoafterprofitsandavoiddisadvantages.2.2TheregulationsaboutthelegalresponsibilityofadministrativemonopolyaredeficientChineseAntimonopolyLawregulatesthecivil,administrativeandcriminalresponsibilitiesassumedbymanagerswhoimplementmonopolybehaviorsindetail,butforthelegalresponsibilityofthebehaviorsofadministrativemonopoly,onlythearticle51ofChineseAntimonopolyLawregulatesthatIfadministrativepowerbygovernmentandorganizationstowhichlawsandregulationsgrantrightstoadministerpublicissuesabuseadministrativepower,toeliminateorrestrictcompetition,shallbeorderedbysuperiorauthoritiestocorrectthemselvespeopleindirectchargeandpeopledirectlyinvolvedshallbeimposedadministrativepunishment.Theantimonopolyexecutionauthoritiesshallsupplysuggestiontorelatedsuperiorauthoritiestohandleaccordingtolaw.Manyadministrativeresponsibilitiessuchasshallbeorderedbysuperiorauthoritiestocorrectthemselvespeopleindirectchargeandpeopledirectlyinvolvedshallbeimposedadministrativepunishmentformdifferentlegalresultsofdifferentsubjectstoimplementmonopolybehaviors,sopeoplebegintosuspectthejusticeoflaws,whichvirtuallyhelpstheadministrativesubjectstoimplementadministrativemonopoly,andthedeterrentforcewillbereducedlargely.Atthesametime,thoughtheresponsibilityofChineseAntimonopolyLawistoolighterandbecomesamereformality,andthelawisnotobeyedandstrictlyenforced,sotheadministrativemonopolyremainsincessantafterrepeatedprohibition.2.3ThejurisdictionofantimonopolylawenforcementinstitutionislimitedThedefinitionabouttheantiadministrativemonopolylawenforcementagencyinthefiftyfirstarticleofChineseAntimonopolyLawisstillblurry,andontheonehand,thesupervisionproceduresshouldbeindependentlyestablishedtorestrainlawsbythislaw,andontheotherhand,thelawregulatesthattheadministrativemonopolyshouldbedominatedbysuperiorauthorities,andthearticlethatIfadministrativepowerbygovernmentandorganizationstowhichlawsandregulationsgrantrightstoadministerpublicissuesabuseadministrativepower,toeliminateorrestrictcompetitionwillbehandledbyanotherregulation,shallbeappliedtoanotherregulationhasleftlargespacefortherightsofrelativedepartmentsandsupervisioninstitutions,whichhaseliminatedthejurisdictionofantiadministrativemonopolylawenforcementagenttotheadministrativemonopoly.Atthesametime,itisnotreasonabletohandlethebehaviorsofadministrativemonopolybythesuperiorauthorityoflawbreakerforthelegalresponsibilities.Thesuperiorauthorityisnotaspecificauthority,becausetheauthoritiesimplementingadministrativemonopolyaredifferent,andthelawenforcementhasbedecomposedtovariousfunctionalauthorities,whichwilleasilyinducerepeatlawenforcementsorblanklawenforcement.Furthermore,thesuperiorauthorityisnottheauthoritytospeciallydominateadministrativemonopoly,orthespecialjudicialauthority,anditjustiscommonlawenforcementauthorityWang,2007.Staffsinsuperiorauthoritymaynothavestrongantimonopolyconsciousness,andboththecognitionandtreatmentresultalllackinauthorities,andtheyalsolackintheabilitytoteatthecasesaboutadministrativemonopoly.2.4TherangeofadministrativemonopolyregulationistoonarrowThearticle33ofChineseAntimonopolyLawlimitstheobjectofadministrativemonopolyinthedomainofgoodstrade.Administrativepowerbygovernmentandorganizationstowhichlawsandregulationsgrantrightstoadministerpublicissuesshallnotabuseadministrativepowertocarryoutfollowingconducts,tohinderthefreeflowofthecommoditiesbetweenregions.Infact,thecharacterofthetransferofmoderneconomicindustrystructureisthattheproportionoftheserviceindustryisenhancedincreasingly,andiftheobjectoftheantiadministrativemonopolyisonlylimitedinthedomainofgoodstrade,thedomainwhichisbiggerandoccupiesmoreproportionwillbeabandonedoutofthesupervisionofChineseAntimonopolyLaw.Thoughthearticle34forbidsandexcludesthatexteriormanagersparticipateinlocalbidinvitationandbiddingactivities,andthearticle35forbidsandexcludesthatexteriormanagersinvestorestablishbranchesincludingthedomainofservicetradeinlocalregion,buttherearemanyitemsintheserviceindustryoutofthesetworanges,andthelegalregulationaboutadministrativemonopolybehaviorsinthedomainofserviceindustryisstillblankinChineseAntimonopolyLaw.

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