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2010年高考试题——英语(辽宁卷).doc

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2010年高考试题——英语(辽宁卷).doc

2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(辽宁卷)英语第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节单项填空(共15小题每小题1分,满分15分)从ABCD三个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。例Welastnight,butwewenttotheconcertinstead.A.havestudiedB.mightstudyC.shouldhavestudiedD.wouldstudy21.Illdothewashingup.Jack,wouldyoupleasedothefloorA.YespleaseB.noIdontC.YessureD.nonotatall22.Thereareover58,000rockyobjectsinspace,about900ofwhichcouldfalldownontoearth.A.therheB.不填theC.the不填D.athe23.Jimwenttoanswerthephone.,Harrystartedtopreparelunch.A.HoweverB.NeverthelessC.BesidesD.meanwhile24.Josephtoeveningclassestatesincelastmonth,buthestillcantsaywhatsyournameinRussianA.hasbeengoingB.wentC.goesD.hasgone25.Wewereastonishedthetemplestillinitsoriginalcondition.AfindingB.tofindC.findD.tobefound26.Doctorssaythatexerciseisimportantforhealth,butitberegularexercise.A.canB.willC.mustD.may27.Weonlyhad100andthatwastobuyanewcomputer.A.nowherenearenoughB.nearenoughnowhereC.enoughnearnowhereD.nearnowhereenough28.ThousandsofpeopletowatchyesterdaysmatchagainstIrelandA.turnedonB.turnedinC.turnedaroundD.turnedout29.TheoldmanaskedLucytomovetoanotherchairhewantedtositnexttohiswife.A.althoughB.unlessC.becauseD.if30.Iallthecookingformyfamily,butrecentlyIvebeentoobusytodoit.A.willdoB.doC.amdoingD.haddone31.Iagreetohissuggestiontheconditionthathedropsallcharges.A.byB.inC.onD.to32.Thenewmovietobeoneofthebiggestmoneymakersofalltime.A.promisesB.agreesC.pretendsD.declines33.Thefactthatshewasforeignmadedifficultforhertogetajobinthatcountry.A.soB.muchD.thatD.it34.Itsnousehavingideasonly.Dontworry.Petercanshowyoutoturnanideaintoanact.A.howB.whoC.whatD.where35.Alexandertriedtogethisworkinthemedicalcircles.A.torecognizeB.recognizingC.recognizeD.recognized第二节完形填空(共20小题每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。WhenIfirstentereduniversity,myaunt,whoidanEnglishprofessor,gavemeanewEnglishdictionary.Iwas36toseethatitwasanEnglishEnglishdictionary,alsoknownasamonolingualdictionary.37itwasadictionaryintendedfornonnativelearners,noneofmyclassmateshadone38,tobehonest,Ifounditextremely39touseatfirst.Iwouldlookupwordsinthedictionaryand40notfullyunderstandthemeanings.Iwasusedtothe41bilingualdictionaries,inwhichthewordare42bothinEnglishandChinese.Ireallywonderedwhymyaunt43tomakethingssodifficultforme.Now,afterstudyingEnglishatuniversityforthreeyears,I44thatmonolingualdictionariesare45inlearningaforeignlanguage.AsIfoundout,thereis,46,oftennoperfectequivalence对应betweentwo47intwolanguages.Myauntevengoessofarasto48thataChineseequivalentcannevergiveyouthe49meaningofawordinEnglish50,sheinsistedthatIreadthedefinition定义ofawordinamonolingualdictionary51Iwantedtogetabetterunderstandingofitsmeaning.52,Ihavecometoseewhatshemeant.Usingamonolingualdictionaryforlearnershashelpedmeinanotherimportantway.Thisdictionaryusesan53numberofwords,around2,000,initsdefinitions.WhenIreadthesedefinitions,Iam54exposedto接触thebasicwordsandlearnhowtheyareusedtoexplainobjectsandideas.55this,IcanexpressmyselfmoreeasilyinEnglish.36.A.worriedB.sadC.surprisedD.nervous37.A.BecauseB.AlthoughC.UnlessD.If38.A.butB.soC.orD.and39.A.difficultB.interestingC.ambiguousD.practical40.A.thusB.evenC.stillD.again41.A.newB.familiarC.earlierD.ordinary42.A.explainedB.expressedC.describedD.created43.A.offeredD.agreedC.decidedD.happened44.A.imagineB.recommendC.predictD.understand45.A.naturalB.betterC.easierD.convenient46.A.atleastB.infactC.attimesD.incase47.A.wordsB.namesC.ideasD.characters48.A.hopeB.declareC.doubtD.tell49.A.exactB.basicC.translatedD.expected50.A.RatherB.HoweverD.ThereforeD.Instead51.A.whenB.beforeC.untilD.while52.A.LargelyB.GenerallyC.GraduallyD.Probably53.A.extraB.averageC.totalD.limited54.A.repeatedlyB.nearlyC.immediatelyD.anxiously55.A.AccordingtoB.InrelationtoC.InadditiontoD.Becauseof第三部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)ATtwasavillageinIndia.Thepeoplewerepoor.However,theywerenotunhappy.Afterall,theirforefathershadlivedinthesamewayforcenturies.Thenoneday,somevisitorsfromthecityarrived.Theytoldthevillagersthereweresomepeopleelsewherewholikedtoeatfrogslegs.However,theydidnothaveenoughfrogsoftheirown,andsotheywantedtobuyfrogsfromotherplaces.Thisseemedlikemoneyfornothing.Thereweremillionsoffrogsinthefieldsaround,andtheywerenousetothevillagers.Alltheyhadtodowascatchthem.Agreementwasreached,andthechildrenweresentintothefieldstocatchfrogs.Everyweekatruckarrivedtocollectthecatchandhandoverthemoney.Forthefirsttime,thepeoplewereabletodreamofabetterfuture.Butthedreamdidntlastlong.Thechangewashardlynoticedatfirst,butitseemedasifthecropswerenotdoingsowell.Moreworryingwasthatthechildrenfellillmoreoften,and,thereseemedtobemoreinsectsaroundlately.Thevillagersdecidedthattheycouldntjustwaittoseethecropsfailingandthechildrengettingweak.Theywouldhavetousethemoneyearnedtobuypesticides(杀虫剂)andmedicines.Soontherewasnomoneyleft.Thenthepeoplerealizedwhatwashappening.Ttwasthefrog.Theyhadntbeenuseless.Theyhadbeendoinganimportantjobeatinginsects.Nowwithsomanyfrogskilled,theinsectswereincreasingmorerapidly.Theyweredamagingthecropsandspreadingdiseases.Now,thepeoplearestillpoor.Butintheeveningstheysitinthevillagesquareandlistentosoundsofinsectsandfrogs.Thesesoundsofthenightnowhaveamuchdeepermeaning.56.FromParagragh1welearnthatthevillagers.A.workedveryhardforcenturiesB.dreamedofhavingabetterlifeC.werepoorbutsomewhatcontentD.livedadifferentlifefromtheirforefathers57.WhydidthevillagersagreetosellfrogsA.Thefrogswereeasymoney.B.Theyneededmoneytobuyvisitors.C.Theywantedtopleasethevisitors.D.Thefrogsmadetoomuchnoise.58.WhatmightbethecauseofthechildrenssicknessA.Thecropsdidntdowell.B.Thereweretoomanyinsects.C.Thevisitorsbroughtindiseases.D.Thepesticideswereoverused.59.WhatcanweinferfromthelastsentenceofthetextA.Happinesscomesfrompeacefullifeinthecountry.B.Healthismoreimportantthanmoney.C.Theharmonybetweenmanandnatureisimportant.D.Goodolddayswillneverbeforgotten.BIhateddinnerparties.ButIdecidedtogivethemanothershotbecauseIminLondon.AndmyfriendMalleryinvitedme.AndbecausedinnerpartiesinLondonareverydifferentfromthoseinNewYork,ImhavingadinnerpartymeansImbookingatablefor12atarestaurantyoucantaffordangwellbesharingthechequeevenly,nomatterwhatyoueat.Wors,inManhattanthereisalwayssomeonewholeavesbeforethebillarrives.Theyllthrowdowncash,halfofwhattheyowe,andthenpeoplelikeme,whodontdrink,enduppayingevenmore.Butiftrytousethesametrick,thehostesswillshoutWhereareyougoingAnditsnotlikeIcansayIhavesomewheretogoeveryoneknowsIhavenowheretogo.ButinLondon,dinnerpatiseareinpeopleshomes.Notonlythat,theguestsareaninterestingmix.ThelasttimeIwenttoone,theguestswerefromFrance,India,DenmarkandNigeriaitwaslikeagatheringattheUnitedNations.InNewYork,themixislessstriking.ItslikeagatheringatBloomingdatles,awellknowndepartmentstore.ForNewYorkers,talking,talkingaboutotherpartsoftheworldmeansBrooklynandQueensinNewYorkers.ButatMallerys,whenIsidethatIhadbeentoMyanmarrecently,peopleknewwhereitwas,InNewYorkerspeoplewouldthinkitwasausualculb.60.WhatdoesthewordshotinParagraphIprobalymeanA.ChoiceB.TryC.StyleD.Goal61.WhatdoesthewriterdislikemostaboutdinnerpartiesinNewYorkersA.Thereisastangemixofpeople.B.Therestaurantsareexpensive.C.Thebillisnotfairlyshared.D.Peoplehavetopaycash62.WhatdoestheauthorthinkofthepartiesinLondonA.AbitunusualB.FulloftricksC.LesscostlyD.Moreinteresting63.WhatistheauthorsopininonofsomeNewYorkersfromherexperienceA.EasygoingB.Selfcentred.C.GenerousD.ConservativeCToomuchTVwatchingcanharmchildrensabilitytolearnandevenreducetheirchancesofgettingacollegedegree,newstudiessuggestinthelatestefforttoexaminetheeffectsoftelevisiononchildren.Oneofthestudieslookedatnearly400northernCaliforniathirdgraders.ThosewithTVsintheirbedroomsscoredabouteightpointsloweronmathandlanguageartsteststhanchildrenwithoutbedroomsTVs.

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