试析英语委婉语的语用感悟(毕业论文) .doc试析英语委婉语的语用感悟(毕业论文) .doc

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密级NANCHANGUNIVERSITY学士学位论文THESISOFBACHELOR(20082012年)题目试析英语委婉语的语用感悟英文题目PRAGMATICINSIGHTSINTOENGLISHEUPHEMISM系别英汉语言文学系专业英语班级学号姓名指导老师起讫日期二零一二年五月学士学位论文原创性声明本人郑重声明所呈交的论文是本人在导师的指导下独立进行研究所取得的研究成果除了文中特别加以标注引用的内容外,本论文不包含任何其他个人或集体已经发表或撰写的成果作品对本文的研究做出重要贡献的个人和集体,均已在文中以明确方式标明本人完全意识到本声明的法律后果又本人承担本人签名日期ABSTRACTEUPHEMISMSAREUSEDINVERBALCOMMUNICATIONS,ANDTHEYAREANIMPORTANTANDINDISPENSABLEPARTINCOMMUNICATIONITISLIKELUBRICANTTHATNOTONLYPOLISHESTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENPEOPLE,BUTALSOMINIMIZESLISTENERSPRESSUREANDEXCITEMENTDUETOVERBALSTRAIGHTFORWARDEXPRESSION,SOSOMEUNPLEASANTTHINGSBECOMEEASILYACCEPTEDBYOTHERS,THENTHECOMMUNICATIONPARTIESWOULDACHIEVECOMMUNICATIVEPURPOSESINHARMONIOUSANDFRIENDLYATMOSPHEREPRAGMATICSISABRANCHOFLINGUISTICSINTHESENSEOFLANGUAGE,INMANYDIFFERENTDEFINITIONOFPRAGMATICS,THEREARETWOCONCEPTSAREVERYBASICANDONEISMEANING,THEOTHERISCONTEXTCONTEXTPUTSEMPHASISONLANGUAGEUNDERSTANDING,KNOWLEDGEUSINGANDSEARCHINGFORSPECIALINFORMATIONFROMPARTICULARDISCOURSETHATHAPPENSINAPARTICULARSCENARIOEUPHEMISMISAKINDOFIMPORTANTRHETORICALDEVICEINLANGUAGE,ITSGENERATIONHASACLOSERELATIONSHIPWITHPRAGMATICSINTHEUSINGOFEUPHEMISMS,SPEAKERSACHIEVETHEEFFECTTHATHEWANTSTOATTAINTHROUGHGOINGAGAINSTTHECOOPERATIONPRINCIPLESOFPRAGMATICSORFOLLOWINGTHEPOLITENESSPRINCIPLEOFPRAGMATICSTHISTHESISTRIESTOHELPREADERSTOGETADEEPERUNDERSTANDINGABOUTEUPHEMISM,PRAGMATICSANDTHEIRRELATIONSHIPTHROUGHTHEINTRODUCTIONOFSOMEBASICKNOWLEDGEOFTHEMKEYWORDSEUPHEMISM;PRAGMATICS;COOPERATIONPRINCIPLES;POLITENESSPRINCIPLE南昌大学毕业设计(论文)CONTENTSINTRODUCTIONCHAPTER1THEORIGINANDDEFINITIONOFEUPHEMISM11THEORIGINOFEUPHEMISM12THEDEFINITIONOFEUPHEMISMCHAPTER2FUNCTIONSOFEUPHEMISM21SOCIALFUNCTION22MENTALREMEDIATIONFUNCTION23COVERFUNCTION24COMMUNICATIVEFUNCTION25AESTHETICFUNCTION26COURTESYFUNCTIONCHAPTER3PRAGMATICPRINCIPLESANALYSISOFEUPHEMISM31ORIGINANDDEFINITIONOFPRAGMATICS32RELATIONSHIPBETWEENCONVERSATIONCOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEANDEUPHEMISM321DEPARTUREFROMTHEQUANTITYGUIDELINE322DEPARTUREFROMTHEQUALITYGUIDELINE323DEPARTUREFROMTHEMETHODGUIDELINE324DEPARTUREFROMTHERELEVANCEGUIDELINE33RELATIONSHIPBETWEENCONVERSATIONPOLITENESSPRINCIPLEANDEUPHEMISM331REFLECTIONOFTACTMAXIMONEUPHEMISM332REFLECTIONOFGENEROSITYMAXIMONEUPHEMISM南昌大学共青学院毕业设计(论文)333REFLECTIONOFAPPROBATIONMAXIMONEUPHEMISM334REFLECTIONOFMODESTYMAXIMONEUPHEMISM335REFLECTIONOFAGREEMENTMAXIMONEUPHEMISM336REFLECTIONOFSYMPATHYMAXIMONEUPHEMISM34EUPHEMISMANDFACEPROTECTIONPRINCIPLE35EUPHEMISMANDSELFPROTECTIONPRINCIPLE36VIEWONEXPRESSIONMETHODSOFEUPHEMISMFROMTHEPERSPECTIVEOFPRAGMATICSCONCLUSIONREFERENCESACKNOWLEDGEMENTS南昌大学共青学院毕业设计(论文)INTRODUCTIONTHISPAPERISINTENDEDTOEXPLORETHEORIGIN,DEFINITION,FUNCTIONOFEUPHEMISMS,ANDSOMEPRINCIPLEARERELATEDTOPRAGMATICSEUPHEMISMISICONICVARIANTOFCONVENTIONALLANGUAGEVARIANT,PEOPLEUSEITFORGOODOMENITHASSOCIALFUNCTION,MENTALREMEDIATIONFUNCTION,COVERFUNCTION,COMMUNICATIVEFUNCTIONANDAESTHETICFUNCTIONPRAGMATICSHASSEVERALPRINCIPLES,SUCHASCOOPERATIONPRINCIPLES,POLITENESSPRINCIPLESANDFACEVIEWGRICESCOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEISTOMAKETHECOMMUNICATIONSESSIONSMOOTH,ITISAKINDOFCONDUCTOFPRAGMATICSTRATEGIES,TOMAKESMOOTHCOMMUNICATION,SPEAKERSANDWRITERSSHOULDFOLLOWSOMEGUIDELINESSUCHASQUANTITYGUIDELINE,QUALITYGUIDELINE,ANDRELEVANCEGUIDELINEANDSOONHOWEVER,MANYEUPHEMISMSACHIEVEGOOD,EFFECTIVEEFFECTTHROUGHGOINGAGAINSTTHESEGUIDELINESLEECHTHOUGHTTHATAMOREREASONABLEEXPLANATIONOFWHYEUPHEMISMISCONTRARYTOTHECOOPERATIONPRINCIPLESISTOCONSIDERPOLITENESSTHUS,BASEDONTHECOOPERATIONPRINCIPLES,HEPROPOSEDTHEPOLITENESSPRINCIPLESANDITINCLUDESOFTACTMAXIM,GENEROSITYMAXIM,APPROBATIONMAXIM,MODESTYMAXIM,AGREEMENTMAXIM,SYMPATHYMAXIMMANYEUPHEMISMSCOINCIDESWITHTHEPOLITENESSPRINCIPLE,ANDFOLLOWONEORSEVERALMAXIMOFPOLITENESSPRINCIPLESOWECANCONCLUDETHATEUPHEMISMSACHIEVETHEEFFECTTHROUGHGOINGAGAINSTTHECOOPERATIONPRINCIPLESOFPRAGMATICSORFOLLOWINGTHEPOLITENESSPRINCIPLEOFPRAGMATICS南昌大学共青学院毕业设计(论文)CHAPTER1THEORIGINANDDEFINITIONOFEUPHEMISM11THEORIGINOFEUPHEMISMPEOPLEFROMEVERYCOUNTRYALWAYSAVOIDDIRECTREFERENCETOSOMETHINGORUSETABOOEDWORDS,ANDUSESOMESUBTLEMELODYWORDSTOREPLACETABOOWORDSTOAVOIDEMBARRASSINGAWKWARDSITUATIONS,BUTSTILLEXPRESSTHESAMEFEELINGSENGLISHEUPHEMISMWORDSGENERATEDFROMAVOIDINGORCONCEALINGTHEUSEOFMANYTABOOEDWORDSFOREXAMPLE,INENGLISH,PEOPLEUSEPASSAWAY,BEWITHGOD,GOTOABETTERWORLD,GOTOHEAVEN,DEPARTFROMTHEWORLDFOREVERANDOTHERWORDSTOPOLITELYEXPRESSTHECONCEPTOFDEATHWORDEUPHEMISMCOMESFROMTHEGREEK,THEPREFIXEUMEANSGOOD,PHEMISMMEANSSPEECH,TOGETHERLITERALMEANINGISWORDOFGOODOMENTOPUTITNICELY,THEN,IFLUCKY,THATIS,TEMPERATURE,AMBIGUOUSEXPRESSIONISINSTEADOFVULGAREXPLICIT,BLUNTHARSHEXPRESSIONEUPHEMISMCANBEDIVIDEDINTOTHETRADITIONALEUPHEMISMANDSTYLISTICEUPHEMISMEUPHEMISMISINVOLVEDINALLASPECTSOFWESTERNSOCIALLIFE,ITREFLECTSACODEOFCONDUCT,SOCIALCUSTOMS,AESTHETICSANDVALUESFROMDIFFERENTPERSPECTIVES12THEDEFINITIONOFEUPHEMISMFOWLERHWFOWLERINTHEDICTIONARYOFMODERNENGLISHUSAGEDEFINEDEUPHEMISMASEUPHEMISMMEANSUSINGMILDORVAGUEORPERIPHRASTICEXPRESSIONASASUBSTITUTEFORBLUNTPRECISIONORDISAGREEABLETRUTHNEARLYINEVERYKINDOFLANGUAGE,THEREARESOMEDISGUSTINGWORDS,WHICHWOULDMAKEPEOPLEFEELEMBARRASSEDINTHEPROCESS
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