英语论文 杰伊·盖茨比的悲惨命运的必然性.doc英语论文 杰伊·盖茨比的悲惨命运的必然性.doc

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论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526杰伊盖茨比的悲惨命运的必然性摘要了不起的盖茨比是20世纪美国著名作家菲茨杰拉德的一部反映美国梦破灭的浪漫主义悲剧小说。追寻浪漫爱情的盖茨比与初恋情人黛西分别多年后终于得以重逢,梦想着再续前缘。然而,冰冷的现实容不下缥缈的梦,盖茨比心中的女神已蜕变成庸俗的物质女郎。浪漫的爱情掺杂了拜金主义的气息,追梦的灵魂就逃脱不了注定的悲剧情缘。最终,一厢情愿的浪漫归为幻灭,富于想象的爱情也化为尘埃。盖茨比爱情梦的破灭标志着“美国梦”的破灭。盖茨比一方面如此天真,相信过去的日子能够复返;另一方面却已屈服于金钱脚下,走向堕落的深渊。希望落空,失望和厄运相继开始。盖茨比悲剧的必然性主要是由其性格中的不足因素,他对黛西的错误想象以及社会历史原因等多方面因素造成的。本文通过对这些因素的分析揭示盖茨比悲惨命运的必然性。关键词盖茨比;美国梦;悲剧论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526THEINEVITABILITYOFJAYGATSBY’STRAGICFATEABSTRACTTHEGREATGATSBYWASAROMANTICTRAGEDYNOVELWRITTENBYTHEFAMOUSAMERICANWRITERFSCOTTFITZGERALDINTHE20THCENTURY,WHICHISABOUTTHEDISILLUSIONOFTHEAMERICANDREAMGATSBYWHOPURSUEROMANTICLOVEHASFINALLYBEENREUNITEDWHITHISFIRSTLOVEDAISYAFTERMANYYEARS,DREAMINGAGAINLATERHOWEVER,THECOLDREALITYCANNOTTOLERATEAMISTYDREAM,THEGODDESSINGATSBY’SHEARTHASBEENTRANSFORMEDINTOAVULGARMATERIALGIRLROMANTICLOVEWASMIXEDWITHTHEAURAOFMAMMONISM,THESOULWHICHQUESTFORDREAMHASN’TESCAPEDFROMTHEDESTINEDTRAGEDYAFFINITYINTHEEND,THEWISHFULROMANTICCLASSIFIEDINTODISILLUSIONMENT,THEIMAGINATIVELOVECLASSIFIEDINTODUSTTHEBURSTOFGATSBY’SLOVEDREAMMARKSTHEDISILLUSIONOFTHEAMERICANDREAMONTHEONEHAND,GATSBYWASCHARMINGLYINNOCENTENOUGHTOBELIEVETHATTHEPASTCOULDBERECOVEREDANDRESURRECTEDONTHEOTHERHAND,HEWASBOTHCORRUPTEDANDCORRUPTING,TRAGICALLYCONVINCEDOFTHEPOWEROFMONEYTHEHOPEISGONE;DESPAIRANDDOOMHAVESETINTHEINEVITABILITYOFGATSBY’STRAGEDYWASCAUSEDBYTHEDESTRUCTIVEPOTENTIALSINGATSBY’SCHARACTER,HISFALSEIMAGEOFDAISY,THESOCIALHISTORICALBACKGROUNDSANDSOONTHEANALYSISOFTHESEFACTORSREVEALSTHEINEVITABILITYOFTHEOFGATSBY’STRAGICFATEKEYWORDSTHEGREATGATSBY;THEAMERICANDREAM;TRAGEDY论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526TABLEOFCONTENTSⅠINTRODUCTION1ⅡTHENATUREOFGATSBY’SDREAM2ATHEORIGINOFGATSBY’SDREAM2BTHENATUREOFGATSBY’SDREAM3ШFACTORSCONTRIBUTINGTOGATSBY’STRAGEDY4AGATSBY’SFALSEIMAGEOFDAISY4BTHETRAGICFACTORSINGATSBY’SCHARACTER6CTHEDARKANDCOLDREALITY9IVCONCLUSION111ⅠINTRODUCTIONFSCOTTFITZGERALDWASONEOFTHEMOSTENDURINGAMERICANNOVELISTSOFTHE20THCENTURYANDHEWASTHEMOSTFAMOUSCHRONICLEROF1920SAMERICA,ANAREATHATHECALLED“THEJAZZAGE”THEGREATGATSBYWASFITZGERALD’SMASTERPIECE,NOTONLYFROMITSCONCEPT,BUTALSOFROMITSCREATIVEFEATUREWHENITWASPUBLISHEDIN1925,ITRECEIVEDMUCHAPPROVALANDPRAISEOFCRITICSITWASSAIDTHATTHEGREATGATSBYWASONEOFTHEMOSTEXCELLENTAMERICANLITERARYWORKSOFTHE20THCENTURYTSELIOTREADTHEGREATGATSBYTHREETIMESANDCONCLUDEDTHATITWAS“THEFIRSTSTEPTHATAMERICANFICTIONHASTAKENSINCEHENRYJAMES”CHANG2003225FITZGERALD’SGREATNESSLAYINTHEFACTTHATHEFOUNDINTUITIVELY,INHISPERSONALEXPERIENCE,THEEMBODIMENTOFTHATOFTHENATIONANDCREATEDAMYTHOUTOFAMERICANLIFETHESTORYOFTHEGREATGATSBYWASAGOODILLUSTRATIONGATSBYWASAPOORYOUTHFROMTHEMIDWESTHEFELLINLOVEWITHDAISY,AWEALTHYGIRL,BUTHEWASTOOPOORTOMARRYHERTHEGIRLWASTHENMARRIEDTOARICHYOUNGMAN,TOMBUCHANANDETERMINEDTOWINHISLOSTLOVEBACK,GATSBYENGAGEDHIMSELFINBOOTLEGGINGANDOTHER“SHADY”ACTIVITIES,THUSEARNINGENOUGHMONEYTOBUYAMAGNIFICENTIMITATIONFRENCHVILLATHEREHESPENTDAZZLINGPARTIESEVERYWEEKENDINTHEHOPEOFALLURINGTHEBUCHANANSTOCOMEFINALLY,THEYCAMEANDGATSBYMETDAISYAGAIN,ONLYTOFINDTHATTHEWOMANBEFOREWASNOTQUITETHEIDEALLOVEOFHISDREAMSASENSEOFLOSSANDDISILLUSIONMENTCAMEOVERHIMTHENDAISYKILLEDAWOMANINANACCIDENT,ANDPLOTTEDWITHTOMTOSHIFTTHEBLAMEONGATSBYATLASTGATSBYWASSHOTANDTHEBUCHANANSESCAPEDINTHISNOVEL,THEAUTHORDESCRIBEDATRAGEDYCAUSEDBYAMERICANDREAM,ANDSUCCESSFULLYFIGUREDTHEVICTIMJAYGATSBYGATSBYWASFITZGERALD’SFAVORITECHARACTER,FORINSOMEASPECTSTHEYHADTHESIMILAREXPERIENCESANDSPIRITALSOSIMILARTOFITZGERALDWASJAYGATSBY,ASENSITIVEYOUNGMANWHOWORSHIPEDWEALTHANDLUXURYANDWHOFELLINLOVEWITHABEAUTIFULYOUNGWOMANWHILESTATIONEDATAMILITARYCAMPINTHESOUTHAFTERDAISYMARRIEDTOMBUCHANAN,GATSBYTRIEDALLHISBESTTOWINHERBACKFITZGERALDINDICATEDTHATATTHATTIMEITWASUSELESSANDDANGEROUSTOPURSUETHEAMERICANDREAMBECAUSEOFTHISKINDOFPURSUIT,ITLEDGATSBYTOHISTRAGEDYRADICALLYTHISPAPERISAIMEDATANALYZINGTHEMAJORREASONSTHATCAUSEDGATSBY’SINEVITABLETRAGEDYINTHEFOLLOWINGASPECTSTHENATUREOFGATSBY’SDREAM,GATSBY’SCHARACTER,HISFALSEIMAGEOFDAISY,SOCIALHISTORYANDSOON2ⅡTHENATUREOFGATSBY’SDREAMATHEORIGINOFGATSBY’SDREAMTHEAMERICANDREAMISTHEFAITHHELDBYMANYINTHEUNITEDSTATESTHATTHROUGHHARDWORK,COURAGEANDDETERMINATIONONECANACHIEVEABETTERLIFEFORONESELF,USUALLYTHROUGHFINANCIALPROPERTYTHESEWEREVALUESHELDBYMANYEARLYEUROPEANSETTLERSANDHAVEBEENPASSEDONTOTHESUBSEQUENTGENERATIONSZHAO20065GATSBY’SAMERICANDREAMWASORIGINATEDINHISCHILDHOODGATSBYWASBORNONANORTHDAKOTAFARM,ANDHISREALNAMEWASJAMESGATZHESPENTHISIMPOVERISHEDCHILDHOODINRURALNORTHDAKOTA,BUTHISLOFTYGOALWASBECOMINGFABULOUSLYWEALTHFROMHISEARLYYOUTH,GATSBYDESPISEDPOVERTYANDLONGEDFORWEALTHANDSOPHISTICATIONTHOUGHHESTUDIEDATSTOLAFINMINNESOTA,HEDISGUSTEDTHEHUMILIATINGJANITORIALWORKBYMEANSOFWHICHHEPAIDHISTUITION,ANDHEDROPPEDOUTTWOWEEKSLATERTHENEXTSUMMERHEWORKEDONLAKESUPERIORFISHINGFORSALMONANDDIGGINGFORCLAMSONEDAY,HESAWAYACHTOWNEDBYDANCODY,AWEALTHYCOPPERMOGUL,ANDROWEDOUTTOWARNHIMTHATASTORMWASCOMINGCODYFELTVERYGRATEFULTOGATZ,SOTHATHETOOKYOUNGGATZWITHHIMASHISPERSONALASSISTANT,ANDGAVEHIMANEWNAMEASJAYGATSBYTRAVELINGWITHCODYTOBARBARYCOASTANDTHEWESTINDIES,GATSBYFELLINLOVEWITHWEALTHANDLUXURYCODYWASAHEAVYDRINKER,ANDONEOFGATSBY’SJOBSWASTOLOOKAFTERHIMWHENHEWASDRUNKTHISGAVEGATSBYAHEALTHYRESPECTFORTHEDANGERSOFALCOHOLANDCONVINCEDHIMNOTTOBECOMEADRINKERHIMSELFWHENCODYDIED,HELEFTGATSBY25,000DOLLARS,BUTCODY’SGIRLFRIENDPREVENTEDHIMFROMGETTINGTHISINHERITANCETHEREFORE,GATSBYDEDICATEDHIMSELFTOBECOMINGAWEALTHYANDSUCCESSFULMANTHEDESCRIPTIONOFGATSBY’SEARLYLIFEREVEALEDTHESENSITIVITYTOSTATUSTHATSPURREDGATSBYONACUTELYAWAREDOFHISPOVERTY,THEYOUNGGATSBYDEVELOPEDAPOWERFULOBSESSIONWITHCOLLECTINGWEALTHANDSTATUSGATSBY’SACTOFCHANGINGNAMESYMBOLIZEDHISDESIRETOABANDONHISLOWERCLASSIDENTITYANDRECASTHIMSELFASTHE3WEALTHYMANHEIMAGINEDITISNOTHARDTOSEEHOWAMANWHOHASGONETOSUCHGREATLENGTHSTOACHIEVEWEALTHANDLUXURYWOULDFINDDAISYSOATTRACTIVEFORHER,THEAURAOFWEALTHANDLUXURYCAMEEFFORTLESSLYSHEWASABLETOTAKEHERPOSITIONFORGRANTED,ANDSHEBECAME,FORGATSBY,THEEPITOMEOFEVERYTHINGTHATHEINVENTED“JAYGATSBY”TOACHIEVEDETERMINEDTOWINHISLOSTLOVEBACK,GATSBYENGAGEDHIMSELFINBOOTLEGGINGANDOTHER“SHADY”ACTIVITIESJUSTASTHEAMERICANDREAMTHEPURSUITOFHAPPINESSHASCORRUPTEDINTOAQUESTFORMEREWEALTH,GATSBY’SPOWERFULDREAMOFBEINGHAPPYWITHDAISYHASBECOMETHEMOTIVATIONFORLAVISHEXCESSESANDCRIMINALACTIVITIESBTHENATUREOFGATSBY’SDREAMGATSBY’SAMERICANDREAMHASEXPERIENCEDANEVOLUTIONARYPROCESSTHATACCOMPANIEDHISGROWINGWHENHEWASYOUNG,HEWANTEDTOBERICHONEDAYASTHEPROTAGONISTOFFRANKLIN’SWORKSWHOACHIEVEDABETTERLIFETHROUGHHARDWORK,COURAGEANDDETERMINATIONWHENHEWASAYOUNGMILITARYOFFICERINLOUISVILLE,HEMETDAISYANDIMMEDIATELYFELLINLOVEWITHHERDAISYBECAMETHEEMBODIMENTOFHISIDEALTOGATSBY,DAISYREPRESENTEDTHEPARAGONOFPERFECTIONSHEHADTHEAURAOFCHARM,WEALTH,SOPHISTICATION,GRACE,ANDARISTOCRACYTHATHELONGEDFORASACHILDINNORTHDAKOTAITWASALSOBECAUSEOFTHISTHATHEFELLINLOVEWITHHERATTHEFIRSTTIMEHOWEVER,THEFACTISTHATGATSBYHADNOMONEYTOMARRYHERTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENTHEIRSOCIALSTATUSESPREVENTEDTHEMFROMBEINGTOGETHERHEKNEWTHATHEEVENHADNOREALRIGHTTOTOUCHHERHANDGATSBY“WASOVERWHELMINGLYAWAREOFTHEYOUTHANDMYSTERYTHATWEALTHIMPRISONSANDPRESERVES,OFTHEFRESHNESSOFMANYCLOTHESANDOFDAISY,GLEAMINGLIKESILVER,SAFEANDPROUNDABOVETHEHOTSTRUGGLESOFTHEPOOR”FITZGERALD2007308THEREFORE,WHENHELOSTDAISY,HETRIEDHISBESTTOEARNMONEYTOWINDAISYBACKLATER,GATSBYREALLYBECAMERICHHEREALLYHADALOTOFMONEY,ANDHEOWNEDALUXURIOUSMANSIONWHICHWASAFACTUALIMITATIONOFSOMEHOTELDEVILLEIN4NORMANDY,WITHATOWERONONESIDE,SPANKINGNEWUNDERATHINBEARDOFRAWIVY,ANDAMARBLESWIMMINGPOOLANDMORETHANFORTYACRESOFLAWNANDGARDENTHEREHESPENTDAZZLINGPARTIESEVERYWEEKENDINTHEHOPEOFALLURINGDAISYTOCOMEUNLIKEOTHERPEOPLEINTHEJAZZAGEWHOTRIEDTHEIRBESTTOPURSUEWEALTHANDUPPERSOCIALSTATUS,GATSBYTHOUGHTTHATMONEYWASNOTTHEMOSTIMPORTANTTHING,ASITCANBEEARNEDAFTERITWASSPENTWHATGATSBYTHOUGHTANDWANTEDWASBEINGTOGETHERAGAINWITHDAISYANDWINNINGHISLOSTLOVEBACKHISACQUISITIONOFMILLIONSOFDOLLARS,HISPURCHASEOFTHEGAUDYMANSIONONWESTEGG,ANDHISLAVISHWEEKLYPARTIESWEREALLMERELYMEANTTOTHATHENEVERSTOPPEDMISSINGDAISYDURINGTHOSEPASTFIVEYEARSHEFLUNGINTOTHEREVERIESTHATHEWEAVEDFORDAISYWITHACREATIVEENTHUSIASMANDKEPTADDINGTOTHEPATTERNOFHISFANCIESASARESULT,THEREVERYBECAMEMOREANDMOREPERFECT,BUTATTHESAMETIMEBECAMEFARAWAYFROMTHEFACTШFACTORSCONTRIBUTINGTOGATSBY’STRAGEDYAGATSBY’SFALSEIMAGEOFDAISYHOWEVER,INREALITY,DAISYFELLFARSHORTOFGATSBY’SIDEALSSHEWASBEAUTIFULANDCHARMING,BUTALSOFICKLE,SHALLOW,BOREDANDSARDONICFORHER,THEAURAOFWEALTHANDLUXURYCAMEEFFORTLESSLYASAYOUNGDEBUTANTE,DAISYWASEXTREMELYPOPULARAMONGTHEMILITARYOFFICERSSTATIONEDNEARHERHOME,INCLUDINGJAYGATSBYINORDERTOCONVINCEHERTHATHEWASWORTHYOFHER,GATSBYLIEDABOUTHISBACKGROUNDTODAISYTHATHEWASFROMAWEALTHYFAMILYATLAST,HEWONDAISY’SHEARTANDTHEYMADELOVEBEFOREGATSBYLEFTTOFIGHTINTHEWARDAISYPROMISEDTOWAITFORGATSBY,BUTIN1919SHECHANGEDANDMARRIEDTOMBUCHANAN,AYOUNGMANFROMASOLID,ARISTOCRATICFAMILYWHOCOULDPROMISEHERAWEALTHYLIFESTYLEANDWHOHADTHESUPPORTOFHERPARENTSATTHATTIME,GATSBYWASSTUDYINGATOXFORDAFTERTHEWARINANATTEMPTTOGAINANEDUCATIONFROMTHATMOMENTON,GATSBYDEDICATEDHIMSELFTOWINNINGDAISYBACK
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