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2000年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题.doc2000年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题.doc -- 3 元

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2000年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题PartIStructureandVocabularySectionADirectionsBeneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarked[A],[B],[C]and[D],Choosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentence.MarkyouransweronANSWERSHEET1byblackExampleIhavebeentotheGreatWallthreetimes____1979.A]from[B]after[C]for[D]sinceThesentenceshouldread,IhavebeentotheGreatWallthreetimessince1979.Therefore,youshouldchoose[D]SampleAnswerA][B][C][■]1.AsIllbeawayforatleastayear,Idappreciate____fromyounowandthentellingmehoweveryoneisgettingalong.[A]hearing[B]tohear[C]tobehearing[D]havingheard2.Greatlyagitated,Irushedtotheapartmentandtriedthedoor,___tofinditlocked.[A]just[B]only[C]hence[D]thus3.Doctorsseeaconnectionbetweenincreaseamountsofleisuretimespent___andtheincreasednumberofcasesofskincancer.[A]tosunbathe[B]tohavesunbathed[C]havingsunbathed[D]sunbathing4.Unlessyousignacontractwiththeinsurancecompanyforyourgoods,youarenotentitled____arepaymentforthegoodsdamagedindelivery.[A]to[B]with[C]for[D]on5.OnarainydayIwasdrivingnorththroughVermont____InoticedayoungmanholdingupasignreadingBoston.[A]which[B]where[C]when[D]that6.Christiestaredangrilyatherboosandturnedaway,asthough____outoftheoffice.[A]went[B]gone[C]togo[D]wouldgo7.Therolesexpected___oldpeopleinsuchasettinggivetoofewpsychologicalsatisfactionsfornormalhappiness.[A]of[B]on[C]to[D]with8.Talktoanyoneinthedrugindustry,____youllsoondiscoverthatthescienceofgeneticsisthebiggestthingtohitdrugresearchsincepenicillinwasdiscovered.[A]or[B]and[C]for[D]so9.ItwasntsomuchthatIdislikedher___thatIjustwasntinterestedinthewholebusiness.[A]rather[B]so[C]than[D]as10.Countlessdivoucedpoliticianswouldhavebeenelectedoutofofficeyearsagohadtheyeventhoughtofadivouce,letalone___one.[A]getting[B]toget[C]gotten[D]getSectionBDirectionsEachofthefollowingsentenceshasfourunderlinedpartsmarked[A],[B][C],and[D].IdentifythepartofthesentencethatisincorrectandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEET1byblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil.5pointsSorry,thissectionhastobeshowninGIFformat.Wellcompleteitsoon.Pleasepayattentiontoourwebsitehttp//edu.yesky.comSectionCDirectionsBeneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therefourchoicesmarked[A],[B],[C]and[D].Choosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenec.MarkyouransweronANSWERSHEET1byblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil.10pointsExampleThelostcaroftheLeeswasfound____inthewoodsoffthehighway.[A]vanished[B]scattered[C]abandoned[D]rejectedThesentenceshouldread,ThelostcaroftheLeeswasfoundabandonedinthewoodsoffthehighway.Therefore,youshouldchoose[C].SampleAnswer[A][B][■][D]21.Hespokeso___thatevenhisopponentswerewonoverbyhisarguments.[A]bluntly[B]convincingly[C]emphatically[D]determinedly22.Frances____ofnucleartestingintheSouthPacificlastmonthtriggeredpoliticaldebatesandmassdemonstrations.[A]assumption[B]consumption[C]presumption[D]resumption23.The215pagemanuscript,circulatedtopublisherslastOctober,____anoutburstofinterest.[A]flared[B]glittered[C]sparked[D]flashed24.HiseffortstobringaboutareconciliationbetweenthetwoParties_____.[A]cameoff[B]cameon[C]cameround[D]camedown25.Thesystemwasredesignedtoembracethenetworkandeventually____itinaprofitabledirection.[A]adapt[B]control[C]install[D]steer26.Thecapitalintendedtobroadentheexportbaseand____efficiencygainsfrominternationaltradewaschanneledinsteadintouneconomicimportsubstitution.[A]secure[B]extend[C]defend[D]possess27.Itisannouncedthatawallethasbeenfoundandcanbe____atthemanagersoffice.[A]declared[B]obtained[C]reclaimed[D]recognized28.WhenI___mysenses,Ifoundmyselfwrappedupinbedinmylittleroom,withGrandmabendingoverme.[A]wokeup[B]tookto[C]pickedup[D]cameto29.TheAmericansocietyis___anexceedinglyshakyfoundationofnaturalresources,whichisconnectedwiththepossibilityofaworseningenvironment.[A]establishedon[B]affiliatedto[C]originatedfrom[D]incorporatedwith30.Iamnot_____withmyroommatebutIhavetosharetheroomwithher,becauseIhavenowhereelsetolive.[A]concerned[B]compatible[C]considerate[D]complied31.Atfirst,the____ofcolorpicturesoveralongdistanceseemedimpossible,but,withpainstakingeffortsandatgreatexpense,itbecameareality.[A]transaction[B]transmission[C]transformation[D]transition32.Whenthecommittee_____todetails,theproposedplanseemedimpractical.[A]gotdown[B]setabout[C]wentoff[D]cameup33.____tosomepartsofSouthAmericaisstilldifficult,becausepartsofthecontinentarestillcoveredwiththickforests.[A]Orientation[B]Access[C]Procession[D]Voyage34.MrSmithhadanunusual_____hewasfirstanofficeclerk,theasailor,andendedupasaschoolteacher.[A]profession[B]occupation[C]position[D]career35.Themayorisawomanwithgreat____andthereforedeservesourpoliticalandfinancialsupport.[A]intention[B]instinct[C]integrity[D]intensity36.TheEnglishweatherdefiesforecastandhenceisasourceofinterest____toeveryone.[A]speculation[B]attribution[C]utilization[D]proposition37.Thefactthatthegoldeneagleusuallybuildsitsnestonsomehighcliffs___italmostimpossibletoobtaintheeggsortheyoungbirds.[A]renders[B]reckons[C]regards[D]relates38.Toimpressafutureemployer,oneshoulddressneatlybe____,anddisplayinthejob.[A]swift[B]instant[C]timely[D]punctual39.Youdonthavetoinstallthisradioinyournewcar,itsan_____extra.[A]excessive[B]optional[C]additional[D]arbitrary40.Wewerepleasedtonotethattheearlymorningdeliverydidnt______tothetrafficjamofthebusycity.[A]aid[B]amount[C]add[D]attributePartⅡClozeTestDirectionsForeachnumberedblankinfollowingpassage,therearefourchoicesmarked[A],[B],[C]and[D].ChoosethebestoneandmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEET1byblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil.10pointsIfafarmerwishestosucceed,hemusttrytokeepawidegapbetweenhisconsumptionandhisproduction.Hemuststorealargequantityofgrain41consumingallhisgrainimmediately.Hecancontinuetosupporthimselfandhisfamily42heproducesasurplus.Hemustusethissurplusinthreewaysasseedforsowing,asaninsurance43theunpredictableeffectsofbadweatherandasacommoditywhichhemustsellinorderto44oldagriculturalimplementsandobtainchemicalfertilizersto45thesoil.Hemayalsoneedmoneytoconstructirrigation46andimprovehisfarminotherways.Ifnosurplusisavailable,afarmercannotbe47.Hemusteithersellsomeofhisloans.Naturallyhewilltrytoborrowmoneyatalow49ofinterest,butloansofthiskindarenot50obtainable.41.[A]otherthan[B]aswellas[C]insteadof[D]morethan42.[A]onlyif[B]muchas[C]longbefore[D]eversince43.[A]for[B]against[C]supplement[D]dispose44.[A]replace[B]purchase[C]supplement[D]dispose45.[A]enhance[B]mix[C]feed[D]raise46.[A]vessels[B]routes[C]paths[D]channels47.[A]selfconfident[B]selfsufficient[C]selfsatisfied[D]selfrestrained48.[A]search[B]save[C]offer[D]seek49.[A]proportion[B]percentage[C]rate[D]ratio50.[A]genuinely[B]obviously[C]presumably[D]frequentlyPartⅢReadingComprehensionDirectionsEachofthepassagesbelowisfollowedbysomequestions.Foreachquestiontherearefouranswersmarked[A],[B][C]and[D].Readthepassagescarefullyandchoosethebestanswertoeachofthequestions.ThenmarkyouransweronANSWERSHEET1byblackeningthecorrespondingletterinthebracketswithapencil.40pointsPassage1Ahistoryoflongandeffortlesssuccesscanbeadreadfulhandicap,but,ifproperlyhandled,itmaybecomeadrivingforce.WhentheUnitedStatesenteredjustsuchaglowingperiodaftertheendoftheSecondWorldWar,ithadamarketeighttieslargerthananycompetitor,givingitsindustriesunparalleledeconomiesofscale.Itsscientistsweretheworldsbest,itsworkersthemostskilled.AmericaandAmericanswereprosperousbeyondthedreamsoftheEuropeansandAsianswhoseeconomiesthewarhaddestroyed.Itwasinevitablethatthisprimacyshouldhavenarrowedasothercountriesgrewricher.Justasinevitably,theretreatfrompredominanceprovedpainful.Bythemid1980sAmericanshadfoundthemselvesatalossovertheirfadingindustrialcompetitiveness.SomehugeAmericanindustries,suchasconsumerelectronics,hadshrunkorvanishedinthefaceofforeigncompetition.By1987therewasonlyoneAmericantelevisionmakerleft,Zenith.NowthereisnoneZenithwasboughtbySouthKoreasLGElectronicsinJuly.ForeignmadecarsandtextilesweresweepingintothedomesticmarketAmericasmachinetoolindustrywasontheropes.Forawhileitlookedasthoughthemakingofsemiconductors,whichAmericahadwhichsatattheheartofthenewcomputerage,wasgoingtobethenextcasualty.Allofthiscausedacrisisofconfidence.Americansstoppedtakingprosperityforgranted.Theybegantobelievethattheirwayofdoingbusinesswasfailing,andthattheirincomeswouldthereforeshortlybegintofallaswell.Themid1980sbroughtoneinquiryafteranotherintothecausesofAmericasindustrialdecline.Theirsometimessensationalfindingswerefilledwithwarningsaboutthegrowingcompetitionfromoverseas.HowthingshavechangedIn1995theUnitedStatescanlookbackonfiveyearsofsolidgrowthwhileJapanhasbeenstruggling.FewAmericansattributethissolelytosuchobviouscausesasadevalueddollarortheturningofthebusinesscycle.Selfdoubthasyieldedtoblindpride.Americanindustryhaschangeditsstructure,hasgoneonadiet,haslearnttobemorequickwitted,accordingtoRichardCavanagh,executivedeanofHarvardsKennedySchoolofGovernment,ItmakesmeproudtobeanAmericanjusttoseehowourbusinessesareimprovingtheirproductivity,saysStephenMooreoftheCatoInstitute,athinktankinWashington,DC.AndWilliamSahlmanoftheHarvardBusinessSchoolbelievesthatpeoplewilllookbackonthisperiodasagoldenageofbusinessmanagementintheUnitedStates.51.TheU.S.achieveditspredominanceafterWorldWarⅡbecause_____.[A]ithadmadepainstakingeffortstowardsthisgoal[B]itsdomesticmarketwaseighttimeslargerthanbefore[C]thewarhaddestroyedtheeconomiesofmostpotentialcompetitors[D]theunparalleledsizeofitsworkforcehadgivenanimpetustoitseconomy52.ThelossofU.S.predominanceintheworldeconomyinthe1980sismanifestedinthefactthattheAmerican_____.[A]TVindustryhadwithdrawntoitsdomesticmarket[B]semiconductorindustryhadbeentakenoverbyforeignenterprises[C]machinetoolindustryhadcollapsedaftersuicidalactions[D]autoindustryhadlostpartofitsdomesticmarket53.Whatcanbeinferredfromthepassage
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