2002年博士英语试题.doc2002年博士英语试题.doc

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中科院2002年博士英语入学试题HUAZI发表于2007418185500PARTSTRUCTUREVOCABULARY25MINUTES,15POINTSSECTIONA05POINTEATHDIRECTIONCHOOSETHEWORDOREXPRESSIONBELOWEACHSENTENCETHATBESTCOMPLETESTHESTATEMENT,ANDMARKTHECORRESPONDINGLETTEROFYOURCHOICEWITHASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCORINGANSWERSHEET16KNOWINGTHATTHECRUELCRIMINALHASDONEALOTOFUNLAWFULTHINGS,IFEELSURETHATIHAVENO__________BUTTOREPORTHIMTOTHELOCALPOLICEATIMEBCHANCECAUTHORITYDALTERNATIVE17BEHINDHISLARGESMILESANDLARGECIGARS,HISEYESOFTENSEEMEDTO__________REGRETATEEMBBRIMWITHCCOMEWITHDLOOKWITH18THEREISONLYONEDIFFERENCEBETWEENANOLDMANANDAYOUNGONETHEYOUNGONEHASAGLORIOUSFUTUREBEFOREHIMANDTHEOLDONEHASA_______FUTUREBEHINDHIMASPLENDIDBCONSPICUOUSCUPROARIOUSDIMMINENT19THATTRAGEDYDISTRESSEDMESOMUCHTHATIUSEDTOKEEPINDOORSANDGOOUTONLY_________NECESSITYAWITHINREACHOFBFORFEAROFCBYMEANSOFDINCASEOF20AYOUNGMANSEESASUNSETANDUNABLETOUNDERSTANDOFEXPRESSTHEEMOTIONTHATIT_________INHIM,CONCLUDESTHATITMUSTBETHEGATEWAYTOAWORLDTHATLIESBEYONDAREFLECTSBRETAINSCROUSESDRADIATES21______________THEHEATTOASIMMERANDCONTINUETOCOOKFORANOTHER810MINUTESORUNTILMOSTOFTHEWATERHASEVAPORATEDATURNOFFBTURNOVERCTURNDOWNDTURNUP22BANKSSHALLBEUNABLETO___________,ORCLAIMRELIEFAGAINSTTHEFIRST15OFANYLOANORBANKRUPTEDDEBTLEFTWITHTHEMAWRITEOFFBPUTASIDECSHRINKFROMDCOMEOVER23IAMTOINFORMYOU,THATYOUMAY,IFYOUWISH,ATTENDTHEINQUIRY,ANDATTHEINSPECTORSDISCRETIONSTATEYOURCASE_________ORTHROUGHANENTRUSTEDREPRESENTATIVEAINPERSONBINDEPTHCINSECRETDINEXCESS24INHISVIEW,THOUGHHONGKONGHASNODIRECTCULTURALIDENTITY,LOCALARTISTHRIVINGBY“BEING___________,”BEINGOPENTOALLKINDSOFARTAGRATIFYINGBPREDOMINATINGCEXCELLINGDACCOMMODATING25INSOMECOUNTRIESPRESCHOOLEDUCATIONINNURSERYSCHOOLSORKINDERGARTENS_________THE1STGRADEALEADSBPRECEDESCFORWARDSDADVANCES26DESERTPLANTS________TWOCATEGORIESACCORDINGTOTHEWAYTHEYDEALWITHTHEPROBLEMOFSURVIVINGDROUGHTABREAKDOWNBFALLINTOCDIFFERINDREFERTO27INTHEAIRPORT,ICOULDHEARNOTHINGEXCEPTTHEROAROFAIRCRAFTENGINESWHICH_________ALLOTHERSOUNDSADWARFEDBDIMINISHEDCDROWNEDDRELATIVE28CRITICISMWITHOUTSUGGESTINGAREASOFIMPROVEMENTISNOT_________ANDSHOULDBEAVOIDEDIFPOSSIBLEACONSTRUCTIVEBPRODUCTIVECDESCRIPTIVEDRELATIVE29THECOMMITTEEPRONOUNCEDFOURMEMBERSEXPELLEDFORFAILURETOPROVIDEINFORMATIONINTHE____________OFINVESTIGATIONSACASEBCHASECCAUSEDCOURSE30SINCENEITHERSIDEWASREADYTO__________WHATWASNECESSARYFORPEACE,HOSTILITYWERERESUMEDIN1980APRECEDEBRECEDECCONCEDEDINTERCEDE31SUCHAN_________ACTOFHOSTILITYCANONLYLEADTOWARAOVERTBEPISODICCAMPLEDULTIMATE32_________BOTHINWORKINGLIFEANDEVERYDAYLIVINGTODIFFERENTSETSOFVALUES,ANDEXPECTATIONSPLACESASEVERESTRAINONTHEINDIVIDUALARECREATIONBTRANSACTIONCDISCLOSUREDEXPOSURE33ITWOULDTHENBEREPLACEDBYINTERIMGOVERNMENT,WHICHWOULD_________BEREPLACEDBYAPERMANENTGOVERNMENTAFTERFOURMONTHSAINSTEPBINTURNBINPRACTICEDINHASTE34HAVEN’TITOLDYOUIDON’TWANTYOUKEEPING____________WITHTHOSEAWFULRIDINGABOUTBICYCLEBOYSACOMPANYBACQUAINTANCECFRIENDSDPLACE35CONSUMERSDEPRIVEDOFTHEINFORMATIONANDADVICETHEYNEEDEDWEREQUITESIMPLY_________EVERYCHEATINTHEMARKETPLACEAATTHEMERCYOFBINLIEUOFCBYCOURTESYOFDFORTHEPRICEOFSECTIONB05POINTEACHDIRECTIONSINEACHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSENTENCESTHEREAREFOURPARTSUNDERLINEDANDMARKEDA,B,C,ANDDINDICATEWHICHOFTHEFOURPARTSISINCORRECTLYUSEDMARKTHECORRESPONDINGLETTEROFYOURCHOICEBYDRAWINGASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCORINGANSWERSHEET36THEAUCTIONEERMUSTKNOWFAIRACCURATELYTHECURRENTMARKETVALUESOFTHEGOODSHEISABCDSELLING37CHILDRENAREAMONGTHEMOSTFREQUENTVICTIMSOFVIOLENT,DRUGRELATEDCRIMESTHATHAVENOTHINGABCDOINGWITHTHECOSTOFACQUIRINGTHEDRUGSD38ALARGECOLLECTIONOFCONTEMPORARYPHOTOGRAPHS,INCLUDINGSOMETAKENBYMARYAREONDISPLAYABCATTHEMUSEUMD39THEREISMUCHINOURLIFEWHICHWEDONOTCONTROLANDWEARENOTEVENRESPONSIBLEFORABCD40CAPITALINFLOWSWILLALSOTENDTOINCREASETHEINTERNATIONALVALUEOFTHEDOLLAR,MAKEITMOREABCDIFFICULTTOSELLUSEXPORTSD41ITCANBEARGUEDTHATTHEPROBLEMS,EVENSOMETHINGASFUNDAMENTALASTHEEVERINCREASEDWORLDABCPOPULATION,HAVEBEENCAUSEDBYTECHNOLOGICALADCANCED42ITTAKESTHEMOSTCOOLHEADEDANDGOODTEMPEREDOFDRIVERSTORESISTTHETEMPTATIONTOREVENGEABCASSUBFECTEDTOUNCIVILIZEDBEHAVIORD43WHILEEXPERTSINBASICSCIENCEAREIMPORTANT,SKILLEDTALENTSSHOULDBETHEOVERRIDINGMAJORITYABCSINCETHEYAREATHEAVYDEMANDINTHEMARKETD44RETAILERSOFFEREDDEEPDISCOUNTSANDEXTRAHOURSTHISWEEKENDINTHEBIDTOLURESHOPPERSABCD45THEAMENDMENTSOFTHELAWSONPATENT,TRADEMARKANDCOPYRIGHTHAVEENHANCEDPROTECTIONOFABINTELLECTUALPROPERTYRIGHTSANDMADETHEMCONFORMTOWTORULESCDPART3CLOZETEST15MINUTES,15POINTSDIRECTIONSTHEREARE15QUESTIONSINTHISPARTOFTHETESTREADTHEPASSAGETHROUGHTHEN,GOBACKANDCHOOSEONESUITABLEWORDORPHRASEMARKEDA,B,C,ORDFOREACHBLANKINTHEPASSAGEMARKTHECORRESPONDINGLETTEROFTHEWORDORPHRASEYOUHAVECHOSENWITHASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCORINGANSWERSHEETATLEASTSINCETHEINDUSTRIALREVOLUTION,GENDERROLESHAVEBEENINASTATEOFTRANSITIONASARESULT,CULTURALSCRIPTSABOUTMARRIAGEHAVEUNDERGONECHANGE,ONEOFTHEMOREOBVIOUS___46____HASOCCURREDINTHEROLESTHATWOMEN47WOMENHAVEMOVEDINTOTHEWORLDOFWORKANDHAVEBECOMEADEPTATMEETINGEXPECTATIONSINTHATARENA,48MAINTAININGTHEIRFAMILYROLESOFNURTURINGANDCREATINGAN49THATISAHAVENFORALLFAMILYMEMBERS50MANYWOMENEXPERIENCESTRAINFROMTRYINGTO“DOITALL,”THEYOFTENENDOYTHEINCREASED51THATCANRESULTFROMPLAYINGMULTIPLEROLESASWOMEN’SROLESHAVECHANGED,CHANGINGEXPECTATIONSABOUTMEN’SROLESHAVEBECOMEMORE52MANYMENARERELINQUISHINGTHEIRMAJORRESPONSIBILITY53THEFAMILYPROVIDERPROBABLYTHEMOSTSIGNIFICANTCHANGEINMEN’SROLES,HOWEVER,ISINTHEEMOTIONAL54OFFAMILYLIFEMENAREINCREASINGLY55TOMEETTHEEMOTIONALNEEDSOFTHEIRFAMILIES,56THEIRWIVESINFACT,EXPECTATIONSABOUTHEEMOTIONALDOMAINOFMARRIAGEHAVEBECOMEMORESIGNIFICANTFORMARRIAGEINGENERALRESEARCHON57MARRIAGEHASCHANGEDOVERRECENTDECADESPOINTSTOTHEINCREASINGIMPORTANCEOFTHEEMOTIONALSIDEOFTHERELATIONSHIP,ANDTHEIMPORTANCEOFSHARINGINTHE“EMOTIONWORK”58TONOURISHMARRIAGESANDOTHERFAMILYRELATIONSHIPSMENANDWOMENWANTTOEXPERIENCEMARRIAGESTHATAREINTERDEPENDENT,59BOTHPARTNERSNURTUREEACHOTHER,ATTENDANDRESPONDTOEACHOTHER,ANDENCOURAGEANDPROMOTEEACHOTHERWEARETHUSSEEINGMARRIAGESINWHICHMEN’SANDWOMEN’SROLESAREBECOMINGINCREASINGLYMORE6046AINCIDENTSBCHANGESCRESULTSDEFFECTS47ATAKEBDOCPLAYDSHOW48ABYBWHILECHENCEDTHUS49AHOMEBGARDENCARENADPARADISE50AWHENBEVENTHOUGHCSINCEDNEVERTHELESS51AREWARDSBPROFITSCPRIVILEGESDINCOMES52AGENERALBACCEPTABLECPOPULARDAPPARENT53AASBOFCFROMDFOR54ASECTIONBCONSTITUENTCDOMAINDPOINT55AENCOURAGEDBEXPECTEDCADVISEDDPREDICTED56ANOTTOMENTIONBASWELLASCINCLUDINGDESPECIALLY57AHOWBWHATCWHYDIF58ABUTBONLYCENOUGHDNECESSARY59AUNLESSBALTHOUGHCWHEREDBECAUSE60APLEASANTBIMPORTANTCSIMILARDMANAGEABLEPART4READINGCOMPREHENSION60MINUTES,30POINTSDIRECTIONSBELOWEACHOFTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGESYOUWILLFINDSOMEQUESTIONSORINCOMPLETESTATEMENTSEACHQUESTIONORSTATEMENTISFOLLOWEDBYFOURCHOICESMARKEDA,B,CANDDREADEACHPASSAGECAREFULLY,ANDTHENSELECTTHECHOICETHATBESTANSWERSTHEQUESTIONORCOMPLETESTHESTATEMENTMARKTHELETTEROFYOURCHOICEWITHASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCORINGANSWERSHEETPASSAGE1THEMANWHOINVENTEDCOCACOLAWASNOTANATIVEATLANTAN,BUTONTHEDAYOFHISFUNERALEVERYDRUGSTOREINTOWNTESTIMONIALLYSHUTUPSHOPHEWASJOHNSTYTHPEMBERTON,BORNIN1833INKNOXVILLE,GEORGIA,EIGHTYMILESAWAYSOMETIMESKNOWNASDOCTOR,PEMBERTONWASAPHARMACISTWHO,DURINGTHECIVILWAR,LEDACAVALRYTROOPUNDERGENERALJOEWHEELRERHESETTLEDINATLANTAIN1869,ANDSOONBEGANBREWINGSUCHPATENTMEDICINESASTRIPLEXLIVERPILLSANDGLOBEOFFLOWERCOUGHSYRUPIN1885,HEREGISTEREDATRADEMARKFORSOMETHINGCALLEDFRENCHWINECOCAIDEALNERVEANDTONICSTIMULANT,AFEWMONTHSLATERHEFORMEDTHEPEMBERTONCHEMICALCOMPANY,ANDRECRUITEDTHESERVICESOFABOOKKEEPERNAMEDFRANKMROBINSON,WHONOTONLYHADAGOODHEADFORFIGURESBUT,ATTACHEDTOIT,SOEXCEPTIONALANOSETHATHECOULDAUDITTHECOMPOSITIONOFABATCHOFSYRUPMERELYBYSNIFFLINGITIN1886AYEARINWHICH,ASCONTEMPORARYCOCACOCAOFFICIALSLIKETOPOINTOUR,CONANDOYLEUNVEILEDSHERLOCKHOLMESANDFRANCEUNVEILEDTHESTATUEOFLIBERTYPEMBERTONUNVEILEDASYRUPTHATHECALLEDCOCACOCAITWASAMODIFICATIONOFHISFRENCHWINECOCAHEHADTAKENOURTHEWINEANDADDEDAPINCHOFCAFFEINE,AND,WHENTHEENDPRODUCTTASTEDAWFUL,HADTHROWNINSOMEEXTRACTOFCOLANUTANDAFEWOTHEROILS,BLENDINGTHEMIXTUREINATHREELEGGEDIRONPOTINHISBACKYARDANDSWISHINGITAROUNDWITHANOARHEDISTRIBUTEDITTOSODAFOUNTAINSINUSEDBEERBOTTLES,ANDROBINSON,WITHHISGLOWINGBOOKKEEPER’SSCRIPT,PRESENTLYDEVISEDALABEL,ONWHICH“COCACOLA”WASWRITTENINTHEFASHIONTHATISSTILLEMPLOYEDPEMBERTONLOOKEDUPONHISMIXTURELESSASAREFRESHMENTTHANASAHEADACHECURE,ESPECIALLYFORPEOPLEWHOSEHEADACHECOULDBETRACEDTOOVERINDULGENCEONAMORNINGLATEIN1886,ONESUCHVICTIMOFTHENIGHTBEFOREDRAGGEDHIMSELFINTOANATLANTADRUGSTOREANDASKEDFORADOOLOPOFCOLACOLADRUGGISTSCUSTOMARILYSTIRREDATEASPOONFULOFSYRUPINTOAGLASSOFWATER,BUTINTHISINSTANCETHEMANONDUTYWASTOOLAZYTOWALKTOTHEFRESHWATERTAP,ACOUPLEOFFEETOFFINSTEAD,HEMIXEDTHESYRUPWITHSOMESODAWATER,WHICHWASCLOSERATHANDTHESUFFERINGCUSTOMERPERKEDUPALMOSTATONCE,ANDWORDQUICKLYSPREADTHATTHEBESTCOCACOLAWASAFIZZYONE64WHATDOSETHEPASSAGETELLUSABOUTJOHNSTYTHPEMBERTONAHEWASHIGHLYRESPECTEDBYATLANTANSBHERANADRUGSTORETHATALSOSELLSWINECHEHADBEENADOCTORUNTILTHECIVILWARDHEMADEALOTOFMONEYWITHHISPHARMACY62WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGWASUNIQUETOFRANKMROBINSON,WORKINGWITHTHEPEMBERTON’SCOMPANYASKILLSTOMAKEFRENCHWINEBTALENTFORDRAWINGPICTURESCANACUTESENSEOFSMELLDABILITYTOWORKWITHNUMBERS63WHYWASTHEYEAR1886SOSPECIALTOPEMBERTONAHETOOKTODOINGAJOBLIKESHERLOCKHOLMES’SBHEBROUGHTAQUITEPROFITABLEPRODUCTINTOBEINGCHEOBSERVEDTHEFOUNDINGCEREMONYOFSTATUEOFLIBERTYDHEWASAWARDEDBYCOCACOLAFORHISCONTRIBUTION64ONEMODIFICATIONMADEOFFRENCHWINECOCAFORMULAWAS__________AUSEDBEERBOTTLESWERECHOSENASCONTAINERSBTHEAMOUNTOFCAFFEINEINITWASINCREASEDCITWASBLENDEDWITHOILSINSTEADOFWATERDCOLANUTEXTRACTWASADDEDTOTASTE65ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,COCACOLAWASINTHEFIRSTPLACEPREPAREDESPECIALLYFOR________ATHEYOUNGASASOFTDRINKBAREPLACEMENTOFFRENCHWINECOCACTHERELIEFOFAHANGOVERDACUREFORTHECOMMONHEADACHE66THELASTPARAGRAPHMAINLYTELLS___________ATHECOMPLAINTAGAINSTTHELAZYSHOPASSISTANTBAREALTESTOFCOCACOLAASAHEADACHECURECTHEMEDIOCRESERVICEOFTHEDRUGSTOREDAHAPPYACCIDENTTHATGAVEBIRTHTOCOCACOLAPASSAGE2BETWEEN1833AND1837,THEPUBLISHERSOFA“PENNYPRESS”PROVEDTHATALOWPRICEDPAPER,EDITEDTOINTERESTORDINARYPEOPLE,COULDWINWHATAMOUNTEDTOAMASSCIRCULATIONFORTHETIMESANDTHEREBYATTRACTANADVERTISINGVOL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