2003年博士英语试题.doc2003年博士英语试题.doc

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中科院2003年博士英语入学试题HUAZI发表于2007418185700THECHINESEACADEMYOFSCIENCESENGLISHENTRANCEEXAMINATIONFORDOCTORALCANDIDATESPAPERONEPARTILISTENINGCOMPREHENSION20MINUTES,20POINTSSECTIONA10POINTS,1POINTEACHDIRECTIONSINTHISSECTION,YOUWILLHEARTENSHORTCONVERSATIONSBETWEENTWOSPEAKERSATTHEENDOFEACHCONVERSATION,AQUESTIONWILLBEASFEEDABOUTWHATWASSAIDTHEQUESTIONWILLBESPOKENONLYONCECHOOSETHEBESTANSWERFROMTHEFOURCHOICESGIVENBYMARKINGTHECORRESPONDINGLETTERWITHASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCORINGANSWERSHEET1A,SHEISSICKBSHEISHUNGRYCSHEWASBITTENBYANANTDSHEHADALONGBICYCLERIDE2AHESOUTGOINGBHESCONSIDERATECHESSUCCESSFULDHESNICETOALL,3A30MINUTESB25MINUTESC20MINUTESD15MINUTES4ATAKETHEAIRBPARKTHECARCFILLINTHEFORMDWORKONATEXT5AAPPLYFORACREDITCARDBGETADRIVERSLICENSECBUYANINSURANCEDRENTAVEHICLE6A,CRIMENEEDSTOBETREATEDASADISEASEBPRIMITIVEPUNISHMENTWILLDONOGOODCSEVEREPUNISHMENTISNECESSARYTOSTOPCRIMEDPRIMITIVEPEOPLEHADTROUBLEWITHCRIMETREATMENT7A,THESALEOFTHEOLDHOUSESBTHEPULLINGDOWNOFTHEGASCOMPANYCTHEPROPOSALOFTHECOUNCILDTHEBUILDINGOFTHEOFFICEBLOCKS8AHEWILLNOTBEABLETOMANYCINDYBHEHASFINANCIALPROBLEMSCHEHASYETTOBUYFURNITUREDHEMAYNOTBERECOVEREDUNTILTHEWEDDING9ABOTHAREHAVINGACOLDBBOTHAREONHOLIDAYSCTHEWOMANFEELSSORRYFORTHEMANDTHEWOMANHOPESTOSEETHEMANINTHESCHOOL10AHEFELTSYMPATHYFORTHEVIETNAMESEBHEUSEDTOCOMETOTHEUSUNLAWFULLYCHEAIDEDILLEGALIMMIGRATIONTOTHEUSDHEDEALTWITH7,000IMMIGRATIONCASESSECTIONB10POINTS,1POINTEACHDIRECTIONSINIHISSECTION,YOUWILLHEARTHREESHORTPASSAGESATTHEENDOFEACHPASSAGE,THEREWILLBEAFEWQUESTIONSBOTHTHEPASSAGEANDTHEQUESTIONSWILLBEREADTOYOUONLYONCEAFTEREACHQUESTION,THEREWILLBEAPAUSEDURINGTHEPAUSE,YOUMUSTCHOOSETHEBESTANSWERFROMTHEFOURCHOICESGIVENBYMARKINGTHECORRESPONDINGLETTERWITHASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCORINGANSWERSHEET11ATOMAKECHILDRENGROWTALLANDSTRONGBTOKEEPTHESOULINTHEBODYCTOPREVENTSOMEONEFROMSAYINGEVILTHINGSDTOPROTECTSOMEONEAGAINSTCATCHINGACOLD12ATHEYTHINKAGOODSPIRITMAYHELPTHECHILDGROW,BTHEYWANTTODRIVEAWAYTHEDEVILSNEEZECTHEYSAYITASACURSEFORTHECHILDTOSTOPSNEEZINGDTHEYCONSIDERASNEEZEANOBSTACLETOTHECHILDSGROWTH13ATHEGERMANBTHEITALIANCTHEJAPANESEDTHEHINDUS14AALLPEOPLESAREAFRAIDOFSNEEZINGBSOMEPEOPLENEVERSNEEZEINTHEIRLIVESCTHEMOMENTOFSNEEZINGISVERYDANGEROUSDMANYPEOPLESAYPRAYERSWHENTHEYSNEEZE15AALACKOFAVAILABLEFLIGHTSBLONGDELAYSATTHEAIRPORTCBOREDOMONLONGFLIGHTSDLONGTRIPSTOANDFROMTHEAIRPORT16AONSHORTTRIPSBONLONGTRIPSCWHENFLYINGOVERCITIESDWHENFLYINGATHIGHALTITUDES17AITFUELSWITHNUCLEARENERGYBITRESTSONACUSHIONOFPRESSURIZEDAIRCITFLIESABOVEMAGNETICALLYACTIVATEDTRACKSDITUSESADEVICESIMILARTOAJETENGINE18ASHEISPOORINSCHOOLGRADEB,HERMAJORISTHOUGHTTOBEUSELESSC,HERJOBEXPECTATIONISTOOHIGHD,THEREISNOWANECONOMICRECESSION19A,UNDERGRADUATESBEXPERIENCEDMBASCLAIDOFFWORKERSDLIBERALARTSMAJORS20AUNEMPLOYMENTRATEWILLGETSTILLHIGHERBTHEREWILLBENOMULTIPLEJOBOFFERSC2MILLIONJOBSEEKERSWILLCOMPETEFORJOBSDFIRSTTIMEJOBREQUIREMENTSWILLBELOWEREDTHISISTHEENDOFLISTENINGCOMPREHENSIONPARTIIVOCABULARY15MINUTES,10POINTSSECTIONA05POINTEACHDIRECTIONSCHOOSETHEWORDOREXPRESSIONBELOWEACHSENTENCESHOTBESTCOMPLETESTHESTATEMENT,ANDMARKTHECORRESPONDINGLETTEROFYOURCHOICEWITHASINGLEBARACROSSTHESQUAREBRACKETSONYOURMACHINESCARINGANSWERSHEET,21HISTRICKCONVINCEDNONEBUTTHEMOSTACREDULOUSBPLAUSIBLECTRUSTWORTHYDFEASIBLE22MANYPEOPLEPROPOSEDTHATANATIONALCOMMITTEEBEFORMEDTODISCUSSTOEXISTINGMASSTRANSITSYSTEMSASUBSTITUTESBMEASURESC,DUPLICATESDALTERNATIVES23HEISAHYPOCRITE,ALIAR,ATHIEF,HEISTHEGREATESTDEVILIEVERKNOWAASACONSEQUENCEBASARULEC,ASAMATTEROFFACTDASAMATTEROFROUTINE24SINCESHEWASALONE,SHEOPENEDTHEDOORLEAVINGTHECHAINLOCKFASTENEDAWARILYBCONSCIOUSLYCAUDACIOUSLYDRECKLESSLY25INTHELASTFEWMINUTESTHECONVERSATIONHASBECOMESEEMINGLYASIFTHEDISCUSSIONWEREOFSOMEMINORDOMESTICMATTERANDNOTSURVIVALITSELF,ACRUCIALBCENTRALCCASUALDCAUSAL26IDIDNTLISTENTOMOMAND1WASNOTSURPRISEDATTHELOOKOFONHERFACEAINDIFFERENCEBCOMPLIMENTC,NEGLIGENCEDREPROACH27THEVICTIMSOFDRUNKENDRIVINGINAMERICAOVERTHEPASTDECADE_____ANINCREDIBLE250,000,WITHTHREEKILLEDEVERYHOUROFEVERYDAYONAVERAGEASAKEUPBADDUPTOC,COUNTFORDTURNOUTTO28HEISBELIEVEDTOHAVEBEENSHOTBYARIVALGANGINFORTHESHOOTINGSLASTWEEKAREVENGEB,RESERVECREVERSEDREMEDIAL29THESEPOLLUTANTSCANBEHUNDREDSANDEVENTHOUSANDSOFKILOMETERSBYLARGEAIRMASSESACONTAINEDBCONVEYEDCCONTAMINATEDDCONSERVED30THEREAREAFEWSMALLTHINGSTHATIDONTLIKEABOUTMYJOB,BUT_ITSVERYENJOYABLEAALLATONCEBONCEANDFORALLCSOMUCHASDBYANDLARGE31INADIVORCE,THEMOTHERUSUALLYISGRANTED___________OFHERCHILDRENASUPPORTBRETENTIONCPERSEVERANCEDCUSTODY32WHATHEHADINMINDTONOTHINGLESSTHANATOTALREVERSALOFTHETRADITIONALROLEOFTHEEXECUTIVEACONTRIBUTEDBDEDICATEDCAMOUNTEDDADDED33SOMEHEADSOFGOVERNMENTNOWFEARTHATNEGOTIATIONSWILLBEFOREASETTLEMENTISREACHEDAWEAROUTBCOMEALONGCBREAKOFFDENDUP34AOFSOAPANDTWOBRIGHTLYCOLOREDTOWELSWERELEFTBESIDETHEBATH,THENTHEWOMENSMILEDPOLITELYATNICOLEANDWITHDREWCAREFULLYFROMTHEROOMALOAFB,BARCSTICKD,BLOCK35OFTHE1200MILLIONPEOPLEWHOCALLTHEMSELVESCHINESE,AVERYSMALLNUMBERSPEAKWHATISREFERREDTOASSTANDARDCHINESEANONEBUTBBUTFORCALLBUTDBUTTHEN36___________RECENTBRAINANDBEHAVIORALRESEARCHDRGOLEMANWROTEAFASCINATINGBOOKENTI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