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2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc -- 3 元

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2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题12006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SectionIUseofEnglishDirectionsReadthefollowingtext.ChoosethebestwordsforeachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET1.10pointsThehomelessmakeupagrowingpercentageofAmericaspopulation.大1家homelessnesshasreachedsuchproportionsthatlocalgovernmentscantpossibly大2家.Tohelphomelesspeople大3家independence,thefederalgovernmentmustsupportjobtrainingprograms,大4家theminimumwage,andfundmorelowcosthousing.大5家everyoneagreesonthenumberofAmericanswhoarehomeless.Estimates大6家anywherefrom600,000to3million.大7家thefiguremayvary,analystsdoagreeonanothermatterthatthenumberofthehomelessis大8家.Oneofthefederalgovernmentsstudies大9家thatthenumberofthehomelesswillreachnearly19millionbytheendofthisdecade.Findingwaysto大10家thisgrowinghomelesspopulationhasbecomeincreasinglydifficult.大11家whenhomelessindividualsmanagetofinda大12家thatwillgivethemthreemealsadayandaplacetosleepatnight,agoodnumberstillspendthebulkofeachday大13家thestreet.Partoftheproblemisthatmanyhomelessadultsareaddictedtoalcoholordrugs.Andasignificantnumberofthehomelesshaveseriousmentaldisorders.Manyothers,大14家notaddictedormentallyill,simplylacktheeveryday大15家skillsneededtoturntheirlives大16家.BostonGlobereporterChrisReidynotesthatthesituationwillimproveonlywhenthereare大17家programsthataddressthemanyneedsofthehomeless.大18家EdwardZlotkowski,directorofcommunityserviceatBentleyCollegeinMassachusetts,大19家it,Therehastobe大20家ofprograms.Whatsneededisapackagedeal.1.AIndeedBLikewiseCThereforeDFurthermore2.AstandBcope2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题2CapproveDretain3.AinBforCwithDtoward4.AraiseBaddCtakeDkeep5.AgenerallyBalmostChardlyDnot6.AcoverBchangeCrangeDdiffer7.ANowthatBAlthoughCProvidedDExceptthat8.AinflatingBexpandingCincreasingDextending2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题39.ApredictsBdisplaysCprovesDdiscovers10.AassistBtrackCsustainDdismiss11.AHenceBButCEvenDOnly12.AlodgingBshelterCdwellingDhouse13.AsearchingBstrollingCcrowdingDwandering14.AwhenBonceCwhileDwhereas15.AlifeBexistence2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题4CsurvivalDmaintenance16.AaroundBoverConDup17.AcomplexBcomprehensiveCcomplementaryDcompensating18.ASoBSinceCAsDThus19.AputsBinterpretsCassumesDmakes20.AsupervisionBmanipulationCregulationDcoordinationSectionIIReadingComprehensionPartADirections2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题5Readthefollowingfourtexts.AnswerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosingA,B,C,orD.MarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET1.40pointsText1Inspiteofendlesstalkofdifference,Americansocietyisanamazingmachineforhomogenizingpeople.Thereisthedemocratizinguniformityofdressanddiscourse,andthecasualnessandabsenceofdeferencecharacteristicofpopularculture.Peopleareabsorbedintoacultureofconsumptionlaunchedbythe19thcenturydepartmentstoresthatofferedvastarraysofgoodsinanelegantatmosphere.Insteadofintimateshopscateringtoaknowledgeableelite,thesewerestoresanyonecouldenter,regardlessofclassorbackground.Thisturnedshoppingintoapublicanddemocraticact.Themassmedia,advertisingandsportsareotherforcesforhomogenization.Immigrantsarequicklyfittingintothiscommonculture,whichmaynotbealtogetherelevatingbutishardlypoisonous.WritingfortheNationalImmigrationForum,GregoryRodriguezreportsthattodaysimmigrationisneitheratunprecedentedlevelsnorresistanttoassimilation.In1998immigrantswere9.8percentofpopulationin1900,13.6percent.Inthe10yearspriorto1990,3.1immigrantsarrivedforevery1,000residentsinthe10yearspriorto1890,9.2forevery1,000.Now,considerthreeindicesofassimilationlanguage,homeownershipandintermarriage.The1990CensusrevealedthatamajorityofimmigrantsfromeachofthefifteenmostcommoncountriesoforiginspokeEnglishwellorverywellaftertenyearsofresidence.ThechildrenofimmigrantstendtobebilingualandproficientinEnglish.Bythethirdgeneration,theoriginallanguageislostinthemajorityofimmigrantfamilies.HencethedescriptionofAmericaasagraveyardforlanguages.By1996foreignbornimmigrantswhohadarrivedbefore1970hadahomeownershiprateof75.6percent,higherthanthe69.8percentrateamongnativebornAmericans.ForeignbornAsiansandHispanicshavehigherratesofintermarriagethandoU.S.bornwhitesandblacks.Bythethirdgeneration,onethirdofHispanicwomenaremarriedtononHispanics,and41percentofAsianAmericanwomenaremarriedtononAsians.RodrigueznotesthatchildreninremotevillagesaroundtheworldarefansofsuperstarslikeArnoldSchwarzeneggerandGarthBrooks,yetsomeAmericansfearthatimmigrantslivingwithintheUnitedStatesremainsomehowimmunetothenationsassimilativepower.AretheredivisiveissuesandpocketsofseethingangerinAmericaIndeed.Itisbigenough2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题6tohaveabitofeverything.ButparticularlywhenviewedagainstAmericasturbulentpast,todayssocialindiceshardlysuggestadarkanddeterioratingsocialenvironment.21.ThewordhomogenizingLine2,Paragraph1mostprobablymeans________.AidentifyingBassociatingCassimilatingDmonopolizing22.Accordingtotheauthor,thedepartmentstoresofthe19thcentury________.AplayedaroleinthespreadofpopularcultureBbecameintimateshopsforcommonconsumersCsatisfiedtheneedsofaknowledgeableeliteDoweditsemergencetothecultureofconsumption23.ThetextsuggeststhatimmigrantsnowintheU.S.________.AareresistanttohomogenizationBexertagreatinfluenceonAmericancultureCarehardlyathreattothecommoncultureDconstitutethemajorityofthepopulation24.WhyareArnoldSchwarzeneggerandGarthBrooksmentionedinParagraph5AToprovetheirpopularityaroundtheworld.BTorevealthepublicsfearofimmigrants.CTogiveexamplesofsuccessfulimmigrants.DToshowthepowerfulinfluenceofAmericanculture.25.Intheauthorsopinion,theabsorptionofimmigrantsintoAmericansocietyis________.ArewardingBsuccessfulCfruitlessDharmful2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题7Text2StratfordonAvon,asweallknow,hasonlyoneindustryWilliamShakespearebuttherearetwodistinctlyseparateandincreasinglyhostilebranches.ThereistheRoyalShakespeareCompanyRSC,whichpresentssuperbproductionsoftheplaysattheShakespeareMemorialTheatreontheAvon.Andtherearethetownsfolkwholargelyliveoffthetouristswhocome,nottoseetheplays,buttolookatAnneHathawaysCottage,Shakespearesbirthplaceandtheothersights.TheworthyresidentsofStratforddoubtthatthetheatreaddsapennytotheirrevenue.TheyfranklydisliketheRSCsactors,themwiththeirlonghairandbeardsandsandalsandnoisiness.ItsalldeliciouslyironicwhenyouconsiderthatShakespeare,whoearnstheirliving,washimselfanactorwithabeardanddidhisshareofnoisemaking.Thetouriststreamsarenotentirelyseparate.ThesightseerswhocomebybusandoftentakeinWarwickCastleandBlenheimPalaceonthesidedontusuallyseetheplays,andsomeofthemareevensurprisedtofindatheatreinStratford.However,theplaygoersdomanagealittlesightseeingalongwiththeirplaygoing.Itistheplaygoers,theRSCcontends,whobringinmuchofthetownsrevenuebecausetheyspendthenightsomeofthemfourorfivenightspouringcashintothehotelsandrestaurants.Thesightseerscantakeineverythingandgetoutoftownbynightfall.ThetownsfolkdontseeitthiswayandlocalcouncildoesnotcontributedirectlytothesubsidyoftheRoyalShakespeareCompany.Stratfordcriespoortraditionally.Neverthelesseveryhotelintownseemstobeaddinganewwingorcocktaillounge.Hiltonisbuildingitsownhotelthere,whichyoumaybesurewillbedecoratedwithHamletHamburgerBars,theLearLounge,theBanquoBanquetingRoom,andsoforth,andwillbeveryexpensive.Anyway,thetownsfolkcantunderstandwhytheRoyalShakespeareCompanyneedsasubsidy.Thetheatrehasbrokenattendancerecordsforthreeyearsinarow.Lastyearits1,431seatswere94percentoccupiedallyearlongandthisyeartheylldobetter.Thereason,ofcourse,isthatcostshaverocketedandticketpriceshavestayedlow.ItwouldbeashametoraisepricestoomuchbecauseitwoulddriveawaytheyoungpeoplewhoareStratfordsmostattractiveclientele.Theycomeentirelyfortheplays,notthesights.Theyallseemtolookalikethoughtheycomefromalloverlean,pointed,dedicatedfaces,wearingjeansandsandals,eatingtheirbunsandbeddingdownforthenightontheflagstonesoutsidethetheatretobuythe20seatsand80standingroomticketsheldforthesleepersandsoldtothemwhentheboxofficeopensat1030a.m.2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题826.Fromthefirsttwoparagraphs,welearnthat________.AthetownsfolkdenytheRSCscontributiontothetownsrevenueBtheactorsoftheRSCimitateShakespeareonandoffstageCthetwobranchesoftheRSCarenotongoodtermsDthetownsfolkearnlittlefromtourism27.ItcanbeinferredfromParagraph3that________.AthesightseerscannotvisittheCastleandthePalaceseparatelyBtheplaygoersspendmoremoneythanthesightseersCthesightseersdomoreshoppingthantheplaygoersDtheplaygoersgotonootherplacesintownthanthetheater28.BysayingStratfordcriespoortraditionallyLine23,Paragraph4,theauthorimpliesthat________.AStratfordcannotaffordtheexpansionprojectsBStratfordhaslongbeeninfinancialdifficultiesCthetownisnotreallyshortofmoneyDthetownsfolkusedtobepoorlypaid29.Accordingtothetownsfolk,theRSCdeservesnosubsidybecause________.AticketpricescanberaisedtocoverthespendingBthecompanyisfinanciallyillmanagedCthebehavioroftheactorsisnotsociallyacceptableDthetheatreattendanceisontherise30.Fromthetextwecanconcludethattheauthor________.AissupportiveofbothsidesBfavorsthetownsfolksviewCtakesadetachedattitudeDissympathetictotheRSC2006年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题9Text3Whenprehistoricmanarrivedinnewpartsoftheworld,somethingstrangehappenedtothelargeanimals.Theysuddenlybecameextinct.Smallerspeciessurvived.Thelarge,slowgrowinganimalswereeasygame,andwerequicklyhuntedtoextinction.Nowsomethingsimilarcouldbehappeningintheoceans.Thattheseasarebeingoverfishedhasbeenknownforyears.WhatresearcherssuchasRansomMyersandBorisWormhaveshownisjusthowfastthingsarechanging.Theyhavelookedathalfacenturyofdatafromfisheriesaroundtheworld.Theirmethodsdonotattempttoestimatetheactualbiomasstheamountoflivingbiologicalmatteroffishspeciesinparticularpartsoftheocean,butratherchangesinthatbiomassovertime.AccordingtotheirlatestpaperpublishedinNature,thebiomassoflargepredatorsanimalsthatkillandeatotheranimalsinanewfisheryisreducedonaverageby80within15yearsofthestartofexploitation.Insomelongfishedareas,ithashalvedagainsincethen.Dr.Wormacknowledgesthatthesefiguresareconservative.Onereasonforthisisthatfishingtechnologyhasimproved.Todaysvesselscanfindtheirpreyusingsatellitesandsonar,whichwerenotavailable50yearsago.Thatmeansahigherproportionofwhatisintheseaisbeingcaught,sotherealdifferencebetweenpresentandpastislikelytobeworsethantheonerecordedbychangesincatchsizes.Intheearlydays,too,longlineswouldhavebeenmoresaturatedwithfish.Someindividualswouldthereforenothavebeencaught,sincenobaitedhookswouldhavebeenavailabletotrapthem,leadingtoanunderestimateoffishstocksinthepast.Furthermore,intheearlydaysoflonglinefishing,alotoffishwerelosttosharksaftertheyhadbeenhooked.Thatisnolongeraproblem,becausetherearefewersharksaroundnow.Dr.MyersandDr.Wormarguethattheirworkgivesacorrectbaseline,whichfuturemanagementeffortsmusttakeintoaccount.Theybelievethedatasupportanideacurrentamongmarinebiologists,thatoftheshiftingbaseline.Thenotionisthatpeoplehavefailedtodetectthemassivechangeswhichhavehappenedintheoceanbecausetheyhavebeenlookingbackonlyarelativelyshorttimeintothepast.Thatmattersbecausetheorysuggeststhatthemaximumsustainableyieldthatcanbecroppedfromafisherycomeswhenthebiomassofatargetspeciesisabout50ofitsoriginallevels.Mostfisheriesarewellbelowthat,whichisabadwaytodobusiness.31.Theextinctionoflargeprehistoricanimalsisnotedtosuggestthat________.Alargeanimalwerevulnerabletothechangingenvironment
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