2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

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更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SECTIONIUSEOFENGLISHDIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGTEXTCHOOSETHEBESTWORDSFOREACHNUMBEREDBLANKANDMARKA,B,CORDONANSWERSHEET110POINTSIN1924AMERICASNATIONALRESEARCHCOUNCILSENTTWOENGINEERSTOSUPERVISEASERIESOFINDUSTRIALEXPERIMENTSATALARGETELEPHONEPARTSFACTORYCALLEDTHEHAWTHORNEPLANTNEARCHICAGOITHOPEDTHEYWOULDLEARNHOWSTOPFLOORLIGHTING大1家WORKERSPRODUCTIVITYINSTEAD,THESTUDIESENDED大2家GIVINGTHEIRNAMETOTHEHAWTHORNEEFFECT,THEEXTREMELYINFLUENTIALIDEATHATTHEVERY大3家TOBEINGEXPERIMENTEDUPONCHANGEDSUBJECTSBEHAVIORTHEIDEAAROSEBECAUSEOFTHE大4家BEHAVIOROFTHEWOMENINTHEHAWTHORNEPLANTACCORDINGTO大5家OFTHEEXPERIMENTS,THEIRHOURLYOUTPUTROSEWHENLIGHTINGWASINCREASED,BUTALSOWHENITWASDIMMEDITDIDNOT大6家WHATWASDONEINTHEEXPERIMENT;大7家SOMETHINGWASCHANGED,PRODUCTIVITYROSEAN大8家THATTHEYWEREBEINGEXPERIMENTEDUPONSEEMEDTOBE大9家TOALTERWORKERSBEHAVIOR大10家ITSELFAFTERSEVERALDECADES,THESAMEDATAWERE大11家TOECONOMETRICTHEANALYSISHAWTHORNEEXPERIMENTSHASANOTHERSURPRISESTORE大12家THEDESCRIPTIONSONRECORD,NOSYSTEMATIC大13家WASFOUNDTHATLEVELSOFPRODUCTIVITYWERERELATEDTOCHANGESINLIGHTINGITTURNSOUTTHATPECULIARWAYOFCONDUCTINGTHEEXPERIMENTSMAYBEHAVELETTO大14家INTERPRETATIONOFWHATHAPPED大15家,LIGHTINGWASALWAYSCHANGEDONASUNDAYWHENWORKSTARTEDAGAINONMONDAY,OUTPUT大16家ROSECOMPAREDWITHTHEPREVIOUSSATURDAYAND大17家TORISEFORTHENEXTCOUPLEOFDAYS大18家,ACOMPARISONWITHDATAFORWEEKSWHENTHEREWASNOEXPERIMENTATIONSHOWEDTHATOUTPUTALWAYSWENTUPONMONDAY,WORKERS大19家TOBEDILIGENTFORTHEFIRSTFEWDAYSOFTHEWEEKINANYCASE,BEFORE大20家APLATEAUANDTHENSLACKENINGOFFTHISSUGGESTSTHATTHEALLEGEDHAWTHORNEEFFECTISHARDTOPINDOWN1AAFFECTEDBACHIEVEDCEXTRACTEDDRESTORED2AATBUPCWITHDOFF3ATRUTHBSIGHTCACTDPROOF4ACONTROVERSIALBPERPLEXINGCMISCHIEVOUSDAMBIGUOUS更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台5AREQUIREMENTSBEXPLANATIONSCACCOUNTSDASSESSMENTS6ACONCLUDEBMATTERCINDICATEDWORK7AASFARASBFORFEARTHATCINCASETHATDSOLONGAS8AAWARENESSBEXPECTATIONCSENTIMENTDILLUSION9ASUITABLEBEXCESSIVECENOUGHDABUNDANT10AABOUTBFORCONDBY11ACOMPAREDBSHOWNCSUBJECTEDDCONVEYED12ACONTRARYTOBCONSISTENTWITHCPARALLELWITHDPECULIARTO13AEVIDENCEBGUIDANCECIMPLICATIONDSOURCE14ADISPUTABLEBENLIGHTENINGCRELIABLEDMISLEADING15AINCONTRASTBFOREXAMPLECINCONSEQUENCEDASUSUAL16ADULYBACCIDENTALLYCUNPREDICTABLYDSUDDENLY17AFAILEDBCEASEDCSTARTEDDCONTINUED20ABREAKINGBCLIMBINGCSURPASSINGDHITTINGSECTIONIIREADINGCOMPREHENSIONPARTADIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGFOURTEXTSANSWERTHEQUESTIONSBELOWEACHTEXTBYCHOOSINGA,B,CORDMARKYOURANSWERSONANSWERSHEET140POINTSTEXT1OFALLTHECHANGESTHATHAVETAKENPLACEINENGLISHLANGUAGENEWSPAPERSDURINGTHEPAST更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台QUARTERCENTURY,PERHAPSTHEMOSTFARREACHINGHASBEENTHEINEXORABLEDECLINEINTHESCOPEANDSERIOUSNESSOFTHEIRARTSCOVERAGEITISDIFFICULTTOTHEPOINTOFIMPOSSIBILITYFORTHEAVERAGEREADERUNDERTHEAGEOFFORTYTOIMAGINEATIMEWHENHIGHQUALITYARTSCRITICISMCOULDBEFOUNDINMOSTBIGCITYNEWSPAPERSYETACONSIDERABLENUMBEROFTHEMOSTSIGNIFICANTCOLLECTIONSOFCRITICISMPUBLISHEDINTHE20THCENTURYCONSISTEDINLARGEPARTOFNEWSPAPERREVIEWSTOREADSUCHBOOKSTODAYISTOMARVELATTHEFACTTHATTHEIRLEARNEDCONTENTSWEREONCEDEEMEDSUITABLEFORPUBLICATIONINGENERALCIRCULATIONDAILIESWEAREEVENFARTHERREMOVEDFROMTHEUNFOCUSEDNEWSPAPERREVIEWSPUBLISHEDINENGLANDBETWEENTHETURNOFTHE20THCENTURYANDTHEEVEOFWORLDWARII,ATATIMEWHENNEWSPRINTWASDIRTCHEAPANDSTYLISHARTSCRITICISMWASCONSIDEREDANORNAMENTTOTHEPUBLICATIONSINWHICHITAPPEAREDINTHOSEFAROFFDAYS,ITWASTAKENFORGRANTEDTHATTHECRITICSOFMAJORPAPERSWOULDWRITEINDETAILANDATLENGTHABOUTTHEEVENTSTHEYCOVEREDTHEIRSWASASERIOUSBUSINESS,ANDEVENTHOSEREVIEWERSWHOWORETHEIRLEARNINGLIGHTLY,LIKEGEORGEBERNARDSHAWANDERNESTNEWMAN,COULDBETRUSTEDTOKNOWWHATTHEYWEREABOUTTHESEMENBELIEVEDINJOURNALISMASACALLING,ANDWEREPROUDTOBEPUBLISHEDINTHEDAILYPRESS“SOFEWAUTHORSHAVEBRAINSENOUGHORLITERARYGIFTENOUGHTOKEEPTHEIROWNENDUPINJOURNALISM,”NEWMANWROTE,“THATIAMTEMPTEDTODEFINE‘JOURNALISM’AS‘ATERMOFCONTEMPTAPPLIEDBYWRITERSWHOARENOTREADTOWRITERSWHOARE’”UNFORTUNATELY,THESECRITICSAREVIRTUALLYFORGOTTENNEVILLECARDUS,WHOWROTEFORTHEMANCHESTERGUARDIANFROM1917UNTILSHORTLYBEFOREHISDEATHIN1975,ISNOWKNOWNSOLELYASAWRITEROFESSAYSONTHEGAMEOFCRICKETDURINGHISLIFETIME,THOUGH,HEWASALSOONEOFENGLAND’SFOREMOSTCLASSICALMUSICCRITICS,ASTYLISTSOWIDELYADMIREDTHATHISAUTOBIOGRAPHY1947BECAMEABESTSELLERHEWASKNIGHTEDIN1967,THEFIRSTMUSICCRITICTOBESOHONOREDYETONLYONEOFHISBOOKSISNOWINPRINT,ANDHISVASTBODYOFWRITINGSONMUSICISUNKNOWNSAVETOSPECIALISTSISTHEREANYCHANCETHATCARDUS’SCRITICISMWILLENJOYAREVIVALTHEPROSPECTSEEMSREMOTEJOURNALISTICTASTESHADCHANGEDLONGBEFOREHISDEATH,ANDPOSTMODERNREADERSHAVELITTLEUSEFORTHERICHLYUPHOLSTEREDVICWARDIANPROSEINWHICHHESPECIALIZEDMOREOVER,THEAMATEURTRADITIONINMUSICCRITICISMHASBEENINHEADLONGRETREAT21ITISINDICATEDINPARAGRAPHS1AND2THATAARTSCRITICISMHASDISAPPEAREDFROMBIGCITYNEWSPAPERSBENGLISHLANGUAGENEWSPAPERSUSEDTOCARRYMOREARTSREVIEWSCHIGHQUALITYNEWSPAPERSRETAINALARGEBODYOFREADERSDYOUNGREADERSDOUBTTHESUITABILITYOFCRITICISMONDAILIES更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台22NEWSPAPERREVIEWSINENGLANDBEFOREWORLDWARIIWERECHARACTERIZEDBYAFREETHEMESBCASUALSTYLECELABORATELAYOUTDRADICALVIEWPOINTS23WH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