会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

语言文化论文-不同的地理特征对汉英习语影响.doc语言文化论文-不同的地理特征对汉英习语影响.doc -- 2 元

宽屏显示 收藏 分享

资源预览需要最新版本的Flash Player支持。
您尚未安装或版本过低,建议您

语言文化论文不同的地理特征对汉英习语影响【Abstract】Thegeographyenvironmentisconnectedtothehumanslivesclosely.Fromtheancienttimes,thehumantriedtheirbesttoconquerthenature,torebuildit.Atthattime,themostimportantfunctionwastoimprovetheproduction.Sointhisperiod,thehumanscivilizationswereinfluencedbythegeography.ChinaislocatedintheeastoftheEurasiaandonthewestbankofthePacificOceanwhichcouldnotbecrossedatthattime.InthesouthwestofChina,thereistheHimalayas,andthesouthwestisalargedesert,becauseofthese,wecansaythatChinawasrelativelyisolatedfromtheoutsideworld.Meanwhile,Chinahasalargeoffieldfortillageandtheclimatesuitstoit.SotheChinesecivilizationisthegeographycivilization.ButinEnglandandthewesterncountries,theylackoftheinlandbutneartheMediterraneanandtheAtlanticOcean,theseweresuitedtodeveloptheseacivilization.TheidiomsaretheflowersoftheChineseandEnglishculture.SothispaperwilllisttheidiomsaboutthegeographyinChineseandEnglishlanguages.LeteveryoneknowmorethegeographyChineseandEnglishidioms【KeyWords】geographyidiomsChineseEnglish【摘要】地理环境与人类的生存密切相关,远古的人类就是在不断地征服自然,改造自然中,发展、壮大起来。可以说,古代人类最重要的活动就是征服自然,发展生产。当时的人类的文化受到地理环境的影响。中国位于欧亚大陆的东部,东边是难以逾越的太平洋,西南是有世界屋脊之称的喜马拉雅山,西北是一片大沙漠,可以说中国是相对地与外界隔离。并且中国有大片土地供耕耘,气候也适合农耕,因此中国的文化是农耕文化,其文化偏向土地。而英国,乃至整个西方,适合耕耘的土地少,而且面向地中海,大西洋,适合发展海洋文化。而西方文化的发源地古希腊,更可以被称为是典型的海洋文化,因此,英国的文化更偏向海洋。习语是中西文化中的精华,本篇将列出中西习语中受地理影响的部分。旨在弄清地理环境与文化之间的关系。【关键词】地理习语汉语英语1、IntroductionTheenvironmentinfluencestheculture.Humanandthenaturearerelatedclosely.Foronething,humandependsonthenature,andisboundbythenature.Foranther,humanalwaystrytomasterthenatureandrebuildit.1Asweallknow,theChinesecultureandtheEnglishculturehavedifferentnatureenvironments.Chinahasalargeplainfortillage.Butinthewesterncountries,especiallyintheGreece,themotherofthewesterncivilization,hassmalllandfortillage,thelandisforthestockbreeding.WhiletheGreekhavelesslandtodeveloptheagriculture,theylivenearthesea,theMediterranean,sotheycansailintheseaforcommerce.Becauseofthedifferences,theChinesecultureandtheEnglishculturearedifferent.TheChinesecultureistheagriculturecivilization2andtheEnglishcultureisfromtheGreekcivilization,sotheEnglishcultureistheseacivilization.32、ThesimilaritiesbetweenEnglishidiomsandChineseidiomsaboutthegeographyTheidiomsarethefossilsoftheChineseandEnglishcultures.IntheChineseandEnglishidioms,therearemanyidiomsaboutthegeography.SomeoftheChineseandEnglishidiomshavethesimilarmeanings,butothersareindifferentmeanings.Inthegroupofidioms,whichhavesimilarmeaning,manyofthemusethesameimages,whileothersusethedifferentimagestoexplainthesamething.2.1ThesimilaritiesbetweenEnglishidiomsandChineseidiomsaboutthegeographyInmanyoftheChineseandEnglishidioms,theyhavethesamemeanings.Coincidently,manyofthemusethesameimages.ItshowsthattheChinesepeopleandEnglishpeopleexperiencethesimilarconceptions.Meanwhile,someofthemhavethesamemeanings,buttheyusethedifferentimagestoexplain.Fromthat,wecouldknowthatalthoughtheChineseandEnglishpeoplehavethesameexperience,theyhavethedifferentcultures.Sotheidiomsalwaysusethedifferentimages.2.1.1TheChineseEnglishgeographyidiomsthatusethesimilarimagesIntheancientChinaandEngland,thepeoplemayhavethesameexperience,andcoincidentlyusethesameimagetodescribethesamething.Itisverycoincidental.1Fishintroublewaters4and浑水摸鱼5Meaningtoprofitinaconfusedenvironmente.g.Dontfishintroublewatersthatdoesyounogood.2Pour/throwcoldwateron6and泼冷水Meaningtodiscouragee.g.Theboardofdirectorpouredcoldwateronhisnewinvestmentproposalsinthatregion.3Makewaves7and兴风作浪8Meaningtomaketroublee.g.Theyliftitwasnotthetimetomakewavesbystagingasitin.4Gowiththestream9and随波逐流10Meaningdoasothersdoe.g.Helistenedtothesamemusicanddressedthesamewayashisfriends.Hewentwiththestream,forhelackedconfidenceinmakinghisowndecision.5Burnonesboat/bridges11and破釜沉舟12Meaningtodosomethingthatmakeitimpossibletogobacke.g.Startingyourownbusinesshasalotofrisk,sothinktwicebeforeyouburnyourboat.TheidiomsinthisgroupreflectthattheEnglishidiomsandChineseidiomsarenearlycoincidental.Peopleindifferentculturesexperiencethesimilarconceptions.Theexamples1to4areusingthesameimages.Theexample5,inChineseweuse釜and舟but,inEnglishtheyjustuseboatorbridge.InbothChineseandEnglishtheboat,thecookingpotandthebridgeareallveryimportanttopeoplelives.2.1.2TheChineseEnglishgeographyidiomsthatusedifferentimagesWhiletheancientChinesepeopleandEnglishpeoplecoincidentlyusethesameimagetoexplainthesamething.Mostofthetime,theChineseandEnglishpeopleusethedifferentimagestoexplainthesamething.1Bein/getinhotwater13orIndeepwater14and泥菩萨过江Meaningtobeinorgetintotroublee.g.Shehasgotintohotwateragainforherinquisitivenaturerecently.2Adropinthebucket/ocean15and九牛一毛Meaninganegligibleortinyquantitysomethingthatmakelittledifferencee.g.Tencentsmeansalotofmoneytothebeggaronthestreet,butisadropintheoceanformostpeople.3Paddleonesowncanoe16and自力更生Meaningtodependononeselfe.g.Dontworrytoomuchaboutyoursonheisbigenoughtopaddlehisowncanoe.4Abigfishinalittlepond17and顶天立地18Meaninganimportantpersoninasmallcommunitye.g.ItoldyouwhenGeorgecametoourdepartmenttwoyearsagothathedsoonjobhop.Heisabigfish.TheidiomsinthisgroupreflectthattheEnglishidiomsandChineseidiomshavethesamemeaning,butusethedifferentimages.Intheexample2inEnglishtheyuseocean,whileinChineseweuse牛.Theexample4,inEnglishtheyusefish,butinChineseweuse地.Theexample5,inEnglishtheyusefish,butinChineseweuse牛.TheseshowthattheEnglishculturebelongstotheseacivilization,andtheChineseculturebelongstotheagriculturecivilization.Becausefishisthenormalthinginseacivilization,andtheoxisaveryimportantanimalfortheagriculture.3ThedifferencesbetweenEnglishidiomsandChineseidiomsaboutthegeographyTheenvironmentinfluencedtheidiomsverymuch.Forexample,inChina,therealargelandfortillage,soinChineseidioms,therearemanyidiomsabouttu土、di(地)、andniu(牛)theseareallconnectedcloselytotheagriculture.Butthewesterncultureisdifferent.Inthewesterncountries,especiallyintheGreek–themotherofthewesterncivilizations,therearemanymountainsandsmalllandfortillage.Theyhadtodevelopthebusinessatsea.SointheEnglishidioms,therearemanyidiomsaboutthesea,theboatandthefish.Thereisatypicalexample,whichcouldexplainthis.InChina,wesayhuijinrutu(挥金如土),butinEnglish,theysayspendmoneylikewater.Thesetwoarealldescribingthatsomeonespendmoneyverymuch,butinChineseweusetu,whileinEnglishtheyusewater.3.1ThedifferentimagesaboutthegeographicalwordsinChineseandEnglishidiomsNomatterwhethertheidiomshavethesamemeaning,orhavethedifferentmeanings,theirimagesareallaboutthegeographicalwords.InChineseidioms,manyoftheimagesareconnectedtotheland.InEnglish,manyoftheimagesareconnectedtothesea.3.1.1TheChinesegeographyidiomsThelandisveryimportanttothepeopleslive.Alsotheagricultureisthemostimportantactivityinthepeoplescommonlive.Therearesomanyidiomsusethegeographicalwordstoexplainsomething.Therearesomeexamplecouldshowit.1Juantuchonglai卷土重来19Stageacomeback2Mianrutuse面如土色20Lookashenlookpalee.g.turnpalewithfright3Yibaitudi一败涂地21Failcompletelysufferacrushingdefeatberouted.e.g.Wejustcantpossiblyfailcompletely,afterallthepreparationwevemade.4Hutianqiangdi呼天抢地22Lamenttoheavenandknockonesheadonearthuttercriesofanguish.Fromthisgroupofidioms,wecouldseethatthelandisveryimportanttotheChinese.SointheChineseidioms,therearemanyidiomsabouttheland.TheChineseculturebelongstotheagriculturecivilization.3.1.2TheEnglishgeographyidiomsInEngland,theseaisconnectedtothepeopleslifeclosely.Englandisanislandcountry.InEngland,thefieldisless,thelandisforstockbreeding.TheEnglishpeoplealwaysmaketheirlivingonthesea.Sotherearemanyidiomsabouttheseaandtheship.1Atsea23①Onaship,etcontheseae.g.spendthreemonthsatsea②Notknowwhattodoconfusede.g.ImallatseaIhavenoideahowtorepaircars.2Misstheboat24Missanopportunitybetoolatetoparticipateinsomethinge.g.Sheputherapplicationinforherinterviewonedaylate.Unfortunatelyforhertheuniversityauthoritiescoulddonothingandshehadmissedtheboat3Atbottom25Inrealityreallybasicallye.g.Heseemsaggressivebutatbottomheiskindandgoodnatural4Anotherkettleoffishadifferentkettleoffish26Acompletelydifferentpersonorthingfromtheonepreviouslymentionede.g.Heisgoodatplayingtennisinprivate,butplayinginpublicisadifferentkettleoffish.Thisgroupofidiomsreflectthatthesea、theboat、thefishareveryimportanttothepeopleslives.TheEnglishculturebelongstotheseacivilization.Peopleliveinthedifferentgeographyenvironmentswillcreatedifferentcultures.Alltheculturescouldnotbeseparatedfromtheirenvironments.Becauseofitsregion,climateandenvironment,everyculturehasitsowncharacter.27Theenvironmentinfluencestheculturedeeply.TheChineseagriculturecivilizationmakestheChineseidiomsusethegeographicalwordsastheimages.AndtheEnglishseacivilizationmakestheEnglishidiomsusetheimageaboutthesea.3.2ThecausesoftheChineseandEnglishidiomsusingthedifferentimagesTheidiomsareacceptedthroughcommonpractice.Theyhavecomeintobeingforalongtime.Todaymostoftheidiomswereformedintheancienttimes.WhydoestheChineseculturebelongtotheagriculturecivilizationWhydoestheEnglishculturebelongtotheseacivilization.Ifwewanttoknowtheseclearly,wehadbetterlookintotheoriginsoftheChineseandEnglishcivilizations.3.2.1ThedifferenceoftheoriginsoftheChineseandwesterncivilizationsiTheoriginsoftheChinesecivilizationPeopleindifferentenvironmentswillcreatedifferentcultures.IntheoriginsoftheChinesecivilization,thetillageisthemostimportantthinginpeoplelive.SotheChinesecultureisconnectedtothefieldclosely.TheChinesecivilizationisverylong.Itcanderivefrom70005000yearsago.28FromtheYangShaoCivilizationtheChinesecivilizationhadbegun.Foritwassolongago,thatmanydataaboutthiscivilizationwerelost.TheChinesecivilizationisoneoftheoldestcivilizationsinthehumanhistory.TheorigincouldderivefromtheOldStoneAge.AndintheNewStoneAge,theChinesecivilizationdevelopedveryfast.In21stB.C.theXiaDynastywasfounded,whichwasthefirstmostgloriouscivilizationintheancientChina.Astheotherscreationoftheculture,intheearliestcreationoftheChineseculture,thestonewasthetoolsoftheagriculture.ThearchaeologistidentifiedthisperiodtheOldStoneAge.Withtheusingofthecoarsestonetools,ourancestoralsomasteredtheskillofgettingfirebythemselves.Before10,000to4000yearsago,theChineseancestorenteredtheNewStoneAge.Inthisperiod,theChineseenteredthedoorofthecivilization,beginningtheearlystageoftheChinesecivilization.Between1963and1964,thearchaeologistdiscoveredtheLanTianSimianinShanxi.TheLanTianSimianlivedinabout800,000yearsago.In1927,thearchaeologistdiscoveredtheBeijingSimianinBeijing,wholivedabout600,000yearsago.TheseareallprovedthatalltheChinesecivilizationwasalltheChinesepeoplecreatedinourownland.29Forexample,theChinesecharacter社,the示demonstratestheGod,andthe土demonstratestheland.Fromthiswecanseethelandisveryimportanttotheancientpeople.Thefollowingidiomswillreflectit.土崩瓦解crumblefallapartcollapse30人杰地灵Thegreatnessofamanlendsglorytoaplace31谈天说地Talkofeverythingunderthesun32铺天盖地Blotouttheskyandcoveruptheearth33.Fromtheseidioms,wecouldseethatthelandisthemostimportantthingtotheancientpeople.Sointheidiomstherearesomanyidiomsaboutthegeography.iiTheoriginsoftheEnglishcivilizationTheEnglishcultureisfromtheGreececivilization.TheoldGreececivilizationinfluencedthecreationanddevelopmentofthewesternscivilization.ItssaidthattheoldGreececivilizationwasthemotheroftheEuropeanculture.34WiththeRomanConquest,theRomanbroughttheircultureandcustomsintoBritain.TheRomancostume,ornament,potteryandglassesvesselsspreadinBritain.OfcoursethesociallivebecameRoman.WiththesethingsbroughtintoBritain,theLatinwasspreadinBritain.Atthattime,inBritain,theofficiallanguage,thelawandthecommercewereallusedtheLatin.LatinbecamethesecondlanguageoftheupperCelts.35LatinwasoriginallythelanguageofLatium,butcametobethedialectofRome.TheuseofLatinspreadwiththegrowthoftheRomanEmpire,whichincludedmodernItaly,SpainandPortugal,mostofBritain,FranceandGermany,SouthoftheRhineandtheDanube.BeyondEuropeitincludedNorthAfricaandPalestine.EvenwhereLatindidnotsurviveasaspokenlanguage,itremainedastheinternationallanguageofscholarship.ThisisaroleitwastoretainthroughoutEuropeforwelloverathousandyears.Asaresult,allthemajorlanguagesoftheEuropehavebeenprofoundlyinfluencedbyLatin,notonlyintheirvocabulary,butalsointheirgrammar.36Intheliteralrecord,theoldGreececivilizationhadbegunin800B.C.,itwas2000yearslaterthantheoldBabyloncivilizationandtheEgyptcivilization.Butatthetimeitappeared,itshownitslivelycharacter,itsactivityandsprite.Itinfluencedthedevelopmentofthewesterncivilizationdeeply.37Thefollowingidiomswillreflectit.MuddythewaterTomakeasituationconfusedandnotclear38,beinthesameboatTobeinthesamedifficultcircumstance39,Acrosstheboardinvolvingallstaff40.Fromtheseidioms,wecanseethattheseaisveryimportanttothewesternpeopleslives.TherearesomanygeographyidiomsintheEnglishidioms.Fromthese,wecouldknowclearlythat,theChinesecivilizationisverydifferentfromthewesterncivilization.IntheoriginsoftheChinesecivilization,thelandswereveryimportanttothepeople,soourcultureisdependingonthelandandagriculture.InEnglish,thelandisnotveryimportanttopeople,thepeoplemadetheirlivingfromthesea,theirculturedependonthesea.3.2.2ThedifferencesofthegeographyoftheChinaandEnglandiTheChinesegeographyIntheeastofChina,itisthePacificOcean,whichisntliketheMediterraneansea,theancientpeoplecannotcrossit.Inthenorthwest,thereisalargedesert,andinthesouthwest,thereistheQingzanghighlandandtheHengduanMountain.Sointhisenvironment,theChinesepeoplearerelativelyisolatedfromtheoutsidewould.MostoftheChineseareaslocateinthemiddlelatitude,sotheweatherismild.ChinalocatesintheeastofthebiggestmainlandtheEurasia,andinthewestofthebiggestoceanthePacificOcean,theSouthwestoftheChinaisneartheIndianOcean,andisinfluencedbythemonsoon.SoinmostoftheChineseareasaresuitableforthedevelopingoftheagriculture.41Therearemanygeographyidiomscanreflectthatthegeographyinfluencedtheculturemuch.沧海桑田Fromseasintomulberryfieldandfrommulberryfieldintoseastimebringsgreatchangestotheworld42.土生土长(Locallybornandbredbornandbroughtupinthelocality)43.
编号:201312161516545869    大小:29.36KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-12-16
  【编辑】
2
关 键 词:
行业资料 商业贸易 精品文档 语言文化
温馨提示:
1: 本站所有资源如无特殊说明,都需要本地电脑安装OFFICE2007和PDF阅读器。图纸软件为CAD,CAXA,PROE,UG,SolidWorks等.压缩文件请下载最新的WinRAR软件解压。
2: 本站的文档不包含任何第三方提供的附件图纸等,如果需要附件,请联系上传者。文件的所有权益归上传用户所有。
3.本站RAR压缩包中若带图纸,网页内容里面会有图纸预览,若没有图纸预览就没有图纸。
4. 未经权益所有人同意不得将文件中的内容挪作商业或盈利用途。
5. 人人文库网仅提供交流平台,并不能对任何下载内容负责。
6. 下载文件中如有侵权或不适当内容,请与我们联系,我们立即纠正。
7. 本站不保证下载资源的准确性、安全性和完整性, 同时也不承担用户因使用这些下载资源对自己和他人造成任何形式的伤害或损失。
  人人文库网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

当前资源信息

4.0
 
(2人评价)
浏览:6次
docin上传于2013-12-16

官方联系方式

客服手机:13961746681   
2:不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器下载   
3:不支持QQ浏览器下载,请用其他浏览器   
4:下载后的文档和图纸-无水印   
5:文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

相关资源

相关资源

相关搜索

行业资料   商业贸易   精品文档   语言文化  
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们
copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5