语言文化论文-用语言学的方法分析短消息语言和行为.doc语言文化论文-用语言学的方法分析短消息语言和行为.doc

收藏 分享

资源预览需要最新版本的Flash Player支持。
您尚未安装或版本过低,建议您

语言文化论文用语言学的方法分析短消息语言和行为ABSTRACTTHISPAPERBEGINSWITHANINTRODUCTIONTOMOBILEBASEDSHORTMASSAGE,ORSMFORSHORTALTHOUGHTHEARRIVALOFSMBRINGSCONVENIENCEANDHAPPINESSTOPEOPLE’SLIFE,THECHARACTERISTICSOFSMLANGUAGERESULTINITSVULNERABILITYTOMISUNDERSTANDINGFROMALINGUISTICPERSPECTIVE,FACTORSRESPONSIBLEFORTHEMISUNDERSTANDINGOFSMAREANALYZEDFIRSTLY,SMLANGUAGEVIOLATESTHECOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEPEOPLEADOPTACOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEWHENTHEYCOMMUNICATEWITHEACHOTHERTHEYTRYTOGETALONGWITHEACHOTHERBYFOLLOWINGCERTAINCONVERSATIONAL“MAXIMS”THEVIOLATIONOFTHESEMAXIMSMAKESTHEFUNCTIONSOFSMINDEFINITEANDSMUSERSHAVETOINTERPRETSMBASEDONTHEIROWNEXPERIENCESECONDLY,INCONTRASTWITHFACETOFACECONVERSATIONSANDTELEPHONECALLS,SMLACKSBODYLANGUAGE,FACIALEXPRESSIONS,PROPERSTRESSANDINTONATIONTHIRDLY,SMLANGUAGEISMORECASUALTHANWRITTENLANGUAGEINCONCLUSION,THISPAPERSUGGESTSSOMESOLUTIONSTOTHERELATEDPROBLEMKEYWORDSSHORTMASSAGEORSM,MISUNDERSTANDING,COOPERATIVEPRINCIPLE,BODYLANGUAGE,FACIALEXPRESSION,INTONATION,STRESS,WRITTENLANGUAGE摘要本文的开头对移动电话的短消息(又称短信)作了简要的介绍。尽管短消息的出现给人们带来了方便,短消息自身语言的特点导致了它容易被人们误解。从语言学的角度,本文分析了导致短信被误解的几个因素。第一,短消息语言违背了合作原则。人们在交际过程中,常常会采用一种准则。为了很好的交流,人们回遵守“会话准则”。而短信语言对准则的违背,导致了短信的作用不明确。并且,人们在解释短信内容时,往往只根据自己的经验。第二,与面对面的谈话和电话通讯相比,短信缺少肢体语言、表情、适当的重音和语调。第三,短信语言与书面语言相比,具有随意性。文章的结尾对相关的问题提出了解决的办法。关键词短消息或短信、误解、合作原则、肢体语言、表情、重音、语调、书面语言ANANALYSISOFSHORTMESSAGELANGUAGEANDBEHAVIORSWITHALINGUISTICAPPROACHTHESISSTATEMENTSHORTMESSAGEISVULNERABLETOMISUNDERSTANDING,WHICHCANBEEXPLAINEDBYTHEVIOLATIONOFTHECOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLE,ANDINCONTRASTWITHTRADITIONALCONVERSATIONANDWRITTENLANGUAGE,THEDEFICIENCYOFSHORTMESSAGEISANALYZEDOUTLINEIINTRODUCTIONIITHEVULNERABILITYOFSMTOMISUNDERSTANDINGFROMTHEPERSPECTIVEOFTHECOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEAINTRODUCTIONOFCOOPERATIVEANDTHEVIOLATIONOFMAXIMSBTHREEKINDSOFMISUNDERSTANDING⑴THEINDEFINITENATUREOFTHESENDER’SMESSAGE⑵ANUMBEROFFACTORSAFFECTINGTHEINTERPRETATIONOFSM⑶THEQUERYCONCERNINGTHEENDOFSMCONVERSATIONIIITHEDEFICIENCYOFSMINCONTRASTWITHFACETOFACECONVERSATIONANDTELCALLATHELACKOFBODYLANGUAGEANDEXPRESSIONBTHELACKOFSTRESSANDINTONATIONIVTHECASUALNESSOFSMINCONTRASTWITHWRITTENLANGUAGEASMPROCESSEDATRANDOMBTHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENSMLANGUAGEANDWRITTENLANGUAGEVCONCLUSIONIINTRODUCTIONSHORTMESSAGESERVICESMSISANEWCOMMUNICATIONALTOOLTHATCOMBINESTHEFUNCTIONSOFMOBILEPHONEANDPAGERACCORDINGTOTHESTATISTICSFROMGLOBALGPSASSOCIATION,THETOTALNUMBEROFSMSHASREACHED510BILLIONIN2003,ANDCHINAACCOUNTSFORONETHIRDOFTHEM,SOARINGTO170BILLIONSMISREGARDEDASACONVENIENT,HIGHLYDEMOCRATIC,INFORMATIONALMEDIUMFORCONVEYINGMESSAGESTHATCONFORMSWELLTOHUMANNEEDSASAMODERNCOMMUNICATIONTOOL,SMHASMANYADVANTAGESWHICHAREABSENTINOTHERCOMMUNICATIONMEDIASFOREXAMPLE,SMENABLESDUMBPEOPLETOCOMMUNICATEFREELYWITHHEALTHYPEOPLE;SMMAKESNONOISEWHICHMAYBOTHEROTHERS;SMPROTECTSPRIVACY,BECAUSENOTHIRDPARTYKNOWSTHECONTENTOFSMCONVERSATIONHOWEVER,THECHARACTERISTICSOFSMLANGUAGEALSOBRINGNEGATIVEEFFECTSTOPEOPLE’SLIFEPEOPLEFINDTHATSMISNOTSOPOWERFULANDPLEASANT,ANDITCANBEEASILYMISUNDERSTOODWITHTHEHELPOFLINGUISTICAPPROACHES,FACTORSTHATARERESPONSIBLEFORTHEMISUNDERSTANDINGOFSMAREANALYZED1THEVIOLATIONOFTHECOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLE2SMCANNOTTAKETHEPLACEOFFACETOFACECONVERSATION3SMISMORECASUALTHANWRITTENLANGUAGEIITHEVULNERABILITYOFSMTOMISUNDERSTANDINGFROMTHEPERSPECTIVEOFTHECOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLETHEPROCESSOFSENDINGSMISSOEASYANDINFORMALTHATPEOPLETREATITASTHEYDOCONVERSATIONSMISABITLIKEACONVERSATIONATTHEWATERCOOLERTHATCANBEINSTANTLYFORWARDEDTO50PEOPLEFORACONVERSATIONTOBESUCCESSFUL,INMOSTSOCIALCONTEXTS,THEPARTICIPANTSNEEDTOFEELTHEYARECONTRIBUTINGSOMETHINGTOITANDAREGETTINGSOMETHINGOUTOFITFORTHISTOHAPPEN,CERTAINCONDITIONSMUSTAPPLYEVERYONEMUSTHAVEANOPPORTUNITYTOSPEAKNOONESHOULDBEMONOPOLIZINGORCONSTANTLYINTERRUPTINGTHEPARTICIPANTSNEEDTOMAKETHEIRROLESCLEAR;THEYNEEDTOHAVEASENSEOFWHENTOSPEAKORSTAYSILENT;WHENTOPROFFERINFORMATIONORHOLDITBACK;WHENTOSTAYALOOFORBECOMEINVOLVEDTHESUCCESSOFACONVERSATIONDEPENDSNOTONLYONWHATSPEAKERSSAYBUTONTHEIRWHOLEAPPROACHTOTHEINTERACTION“OURTALKEXCHANGESDONOTNORMALLYCONSISTOFASUCCESSIONOFDISCONNECTEDREMARKS,ANDWOULDNOTBERATIONALIFTHEYDIDTHEYARECHARACTERISTICALLY,TOSOMEDEGREEATLEAST,COOPERATIVEEFFORTS;ANDEACHPARTICIPANTRECOGNIZESINTHEM,TOSOMEEXTENT,ACOMMONPURPOSEORSETOFPURPOSES,ORATLEASTAMUTUALLYACCEPTEDDIRECTION”GRICE197545PEOPLEADOPTA“COOPERATIVEPRINCIPLE”WHENTHEYCOMMUNICATEWITHEACHOTHERTHEYTRYTOGETALONGWITHEACHOTHERBYFOLLOWINGCERTAINCONVERSATIONAL“MAXIMS”THATUNDERLIETHEEFFICIENTUSEOFLANGUAGEFOURBASICMAXIMSHAVEBEENPROPOSEDTHEMAXIMOFQUALITYSTATESTHATSPEAKERS’CONTRIBUTIONSTOACONVERSATIONOUGHTTOBETRUETHEYSHOULDNOTSAYWHATTHEYBELIEVETOBEFALSE,NORSHOULDTHEYSAYANYTHINGFORWHICHTHEYLACKADEQUATEEVIDENCETHEMAXIMOFQUANTITYSTATESTHATCONTRIBUTIONSSHOULDBEASINFORMATIVEASISREQUIREDFORTHEPURPOSESOFTHECONVERSATIONONESHOULDSAYNEITHERTOOLITTLENORTOOMUCHTHEMAXIMOFRELEVANCESTATESTHATCONVERSATIONSSHOULDCLEARLYRELATETOTHEPURPOSEOFTHEEXCHANGETHEMAXIMOFMANNERSTATESTHATTHECONTRIBUTIONSHOULDBEPERSPICUOUS,INPARTICULAR,THATITSHOULDBEORDERLYANDBRIEF,AVOIDINGOBSTRUCTINGAMBIGUITYINSHORT,THESEMAXIMSSPECIFYWHATPARTICIPANTSHAVETODOINORDERTOCONVERSEINAMAXIMALLYEFFICIENT,RATIONAL,COOPERATIVEWAYTHEYSHOULDSPEAKSINCERELY,RELEVANTLYANDCLEARLY,WHILEPROVIDINGSUFFICIENTINFORMATIONBUTTHEUSEOFTERMSPRINCIPLEANDMAXIMDOESNOTMEANTHATTHECOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEANDITSMAXIMSWILLBEFOLLOWEDBYEVERYBODYALLTHETIMEIFPEOPLEVIOLATETHESEMAXIMSDELIBERATELY,LISTENERSMAYDRAWINFERENCEFROMWHATSPEAKERSHAVESAIDANDWORKOUTTHEIMPLICATUREOFTHEUTTERANCEBUTFORSMUSERS,VIOLATIONOFMAXIMSISDONEPASSIVELYTHENLETUSTAKEALOOKATTHEFOLLOWINGSHORTMESSAGESRECORDEDINTHEAUTHOR’SMOBILEPHONENO1A“STILLBUSY”940PMCONVERSATIONSTARTED,BUTA’SPURPOSEISCONFUSINGNO2B“NOTTOOBUSY,WHAT’SUP”941PMACTUALLYBWASVERYBUSYINHISESSAY,MAYBEWRITING,BUTBINFERREDTHATAMUSTHAVESOMETHINGIMPORTANTTOTELLNO3A“WHENYOUWORKEDINTHECOMPUTERASSOCIATION,HAVEYOUEVERFAILEDTONEGOTIATEWITHSPONSORS”946PMITTAKESA5MINUTESTORESPONDHEATTEMPTSTOMAKEHISWORDSAPPROPRIATEBHASTOSUSPENDHISWORKANDWAITFORADIRECTANSWERBUTTHISANSWERSEEMSSOIRRELEVANTNO4B“NO”947PMBTRIESTOCONCENTRATEONHISWORK,SOHERESPONDSBRIEFLYAISQUITEFRUSTRATEDBYTHEFAILEDNEGOTIATIONANDNEEDSSOMEONETOCOMFORTHIMTHESINGLEWORD“NO”MAKESHIMTHINKTHATIFBISNOTBUSY,HOWBCOULDBESOCOLDNO5A“SORRY,ITHOUGHTYOUDID,THEN,GOODNIGHT”949PMCONVERSATIONHASTOBEENDEDUPUNPLEASANTLYNO6B“GOODNIGHT”950PMBISSTILLUNAWAREOFA’SINTENTIONHECANDONOTHINGBUTENDCONVERSATIONTHETWOPARTICIPANTSOFTHISSHORTCONVERSATIONVIOLATETHEFOURMAXIMSVIOLATIONSOFMAXIMSNO1VIOLATESMOFQUANTITYHESAYSTOOLITTLEHESHOULDSTATEHISPURPOSECLEARLYNO2VIOLATESMOFQUALITYHESAYSSOMETHINGTHATISFALSE,BUTHEHASTONO3HEREA’SCONTRIBUTIONINITSLITERALMEANING,FAILSTOANSWERB’SQUESTION,ANDTHUSSEEMSTOVIOLATEATLEASTTHEMAXIMSOFQUANTITYANDRELEVANCEWEMIGHTTHEREFOREEXPECTA’SUTTERANCETOBEINTERPRETEDASANONCOOPERATIVERESPONSEYETITISCLEARTHATDESPITETHISAPPARENTFAILUREOFCOOPERATION,WETRYTOINTERPRETA’SUTTERANCEASCOOPERATIVEATSOMEDEEPERLEVELWECANASSURETHATTHERECOULDBESOMEPOSSIBLECONNECTIONBETWEENNO2ANDNO3HOWEVER,SINCEITISASMCONVERSATION,AANDBCOULDNOTSEEEACHOTHERBISACTUALLYINAHURRYANDHEWANTSTOGOTOTHETOPICDIRECTLY,BUTAWANTSAEUPHEMISTICWAYHERESMISNOTPOWERFULENOUGHTOCONNECTTHESTATESOFMINDOFTHETWOPERSONSNO4ALSOVIOLATESMOFQUANTITYBISSUPPOSEDTOBECONSIDERATENO5VIOLATESMOFMANNERTWOSENTENCESSEEMNOTORDERLYHOWEVER,INOURDAILYCONVERSATION,THEIMPLICATURESOFWORDSAREEASILYDEDUCEDSOWHYDOESTHEVIOLATIONOFCOOPERATIVEPRINCIPLEINSMFAILTOENABLEPEOPLETOWORKOUTTHEEXACTIMPLICATURESTHEREMUSTBESOMEOTHERFACTORSCONTRIBUTINGTOTHEUNDERSTANDINGOFWORDSWESHALLFURTHERDISCUSSTHISPOINTINTHETHIRDSECTIONALTHOUGHTHETWOPARTICIPANTSOFTHISSHORTCONVERSATIONDONOTVIOLATEMAXIMSDELIBERATELYANDPURPOSEFULLY,THEIRWORDSAREMISCONSTRUEDANDTHEMISCONSTRUCTIONSOFSMCANBESORTEDINTOTHREEFIRSTLY,THEPURPOSEOFSMLANGUAGEISNOTDEFINITE,IE,THEFUNCTIONSOFSMLANGUAGEARENOTCLEARLINGUISTSTALKABOUTTHEFUNCTIONSOFLANGUAGEINANABSTRACTSENSE,THATIS,NOTINTERMSOFUSINGLANGUAGETOCHAT,TOTHINK,TOBUYANDSELL,TOREADANDWRITE,TOGREETPEOPLE,ETCTOCOMMUNICATEOURIDEASISTHEUSUALANSWERTOTHEQUESTION“WHYDOWEUSELANGUAGE”INDEED,THISMUSTSURELYBETHEMOSTWIDELYRECOGNIZEDFUNCTIONOFLANGUAGEWHENEVERWETELLPEOPLEABOUTOURCIRCUMSTANCESOROURSELVESORASKFORINFORMATIONABOUTOTHERSELVES,WEAREUSINGLANGUAGEINORDERTOEXCHANGEFACTSANDOPINIONSTHEUSEOFLANGUAGEISOFTENCALLED“IDEATIONALORREFERENTIAL”BUTITWOULDBEPROBLEMATICTOTHINKOFITASTHEONLYWAYWEUSELANGUAGELINGUISTSSUMMARIZETHESEPRACTICALFUNCTIONSOFLANGUAGELIKEFOLLOWINGINFORMATIVE,INTERPERSONAL,PERFORMATIVE,EMOTIVE,PHATIC,RECREATIONALANDMETALINGUALHU200110HALLIDAYPROPOSESATHEORYOFMETAFUNCTIONSOFLANGUAGETHATISLANGUAGEHASIDEATIONAL,INTERPERSONAL,ANDTEXTUALFUNCTIONSIDEATIONALFUNCTIONCONSTRUCTSAMODELOFEXPERIENCEANDCONSTRUCTSLOGICALRELATIONS,INTERPERSONALFUNCTIONENACTSSOCIALRELATIONSHIPSANDTEXTUALFUNCTIONCREATESRELEVANCETOCONTEXTHALLIDAY1985VIIIAMONGTHEM,THEFIRSTTWOFUNCTIONSAREOFTENMIXEDUPINSMLANGUAGEFORMOSTPEOPLE,THEINFORMATIVEFUNCTIONISPREDOMINANTLYTHEMAJORROLEOFLANGUAGELANGUAGEISTHEINSTRUMENTOFTHOUGHTANDPEOPLEOFTENFEELTHENEEDTOSPEAKTHEIRTHOUGHTSALOUDASWHENTHEYAREWORKINGONAMATHPROBLEMANDTHEMOSTIMPORTANTSOCIOLOGICALUSEOFLANGUAGEISTHEINTERPERSONALFUNCTION,BYWHICHPEOPLEESTABLISHANDMAINTAINACOMFORTABLERELATIONINASOCIETYSMISAMEDIUMWHOSEFUNCTIONISRATHERCONFUSINGPEOPLEUSEITTOCONVEYINFORMATION,KEEPINTOUCHWITHEACHOTHER,SHAREJOKES,EXPRESSEMOTIONSOREVENPASSANGERBUTTHERECIPIENTCANNOTTELLWHICHFROMWHICH,HEMIGHTDEALWITHHISSHORTMESSAGESWITHANATTITUDETHATISUNEXPECTEDBYITSSENDERLET’SSEETHEFOLLOWINGEXAMPLEA“IPLAYEDFOOTBALLTHISAFTERNOON,HOWTIREDIAM”B“OH,REALLYYOU’REENERGETIC”THECONVERSATIONENDSHEREAFEELSTIREDAFTERPLAYINGFOOTBALL,ANDSENDSASMTOONEOFHISFRIENDSBTOEXPRESSHISEXCITEMENTBUTTHISCONFUSESBASTOHOWTORESPONDAPPROPRIATELY,ORHEMAYSIMPLYBROODABOUTITFORQUITEALONGTIMESECONDLY,THERECIPIENTSOFSMMAKETHEIROWNINTERPRETATIONSBASEDONSITUATIONALEFFECTSANDSCHEMATATHEFIRSTANDTHESECONDSORTOFMISUNDERSTANDINGSCANBESOMEWHATOVERLAPPINGBECAUSEFUNCTIONOFSMLANGUAGEISNOTCLEAR,PEOPLEBEGANTOINTERPRETMESSAGESWITHTHEIROWNEXPERIENCEBESIDES,THEQUANTITYOFINFORMATIONCONVEYEDISOFTENINADEQUATE,SMLEAVESALOTOFBLANKSPACESINWHATPEOPLESAY,WHICHTHERECIPIENTTENDSTOFILLWITHTHEMOSTNEGATIVEINTERPRETATIONSTHIRDLY,HOWTOENDSMCONVERSATIONANDWHENISTHERIGHTTIMETOENDITALSOB
编号:201312161530036088    类型:共享资源    大小:27.25KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-12-16
  
2
关 键 词:
行业资料 商业贸易 精品文档 语言文化
  人人文库网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
关于本文
本文标题:语言文化论文-用语言学的方法分析短消息语言和行为.doc
链接地址:http://www.renrendoc.com/p-226088.html

当前资源信息

4.0
 
(2人评价)
浏览:24次
docin上传于2013-12-16

官方联系方式

客服手机:17625900360   
2:不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器下载   
3:不支持QQ浏览器下载,请用其他浏览器   
4:下载后的文档和图纸-无水印   
5:文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

精品推荐

相关阅读

人人文库
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

[email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5