2014中考英语考点 词汇 语法 技巧复习资料.doc.doc2014中考英语考点 词汇 语法 技巧复习资料.doc.doc

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TO王一乾2010年月日VIP学员补课专用2011年沈阳中考英语PETER高分教案系统中考英语金牌考点精品教案A2铁西区PETER精品高分英语家教02431688948主编人吴军◆STAYHEALTHY保持健康KEEPHEALTHYKEEPINGOODHEALTHKEEPFIT◆TREESTURNGREEN常见的连系动词有BE;BECOME;GET;TURN;FEEL;LOOK看起来;SMELL闻起来;SOUND听起来;TASTE尝起来;SEEM似乎1ONHEARINGTHENEWSOFTHEACCIDENTINTHELOCALMINE,SHE________PALEAGOTBCHANGEDCWENTDAPPEARED2HAPPYBIRTHDAY,ALICESOYOUHAVETWENTYONEALREADYABECOMEBTURNEDCGROWNDPASSED3SHEWANTEDTOTEACHERATURNBBECOMECGROWDGET◆接双宾的常用动词有GIVE;PASS;SHOW;LEND;BUY但BUY与FOR连用IGAVEHIMABOOKIABOOKHIMMYMOTHERBOUGHTMEAPENYESTERDAYMYMOTHERAPENME◆I’MNOTFEELINGWELL我觉得不太舒服IDON’TFEELWELLI’MNOTFEELINGF/ARIGHTI’MFEELINGI/SIFEELT/B◆OFCOURSECERTAINLYSURE当然◆SHOPGOSHOPPINGDOSOMESHOPPING购物◆DOHOMEWORK做家庭作业DOHOUSEWORK做家务事ATTHESAMETIME与此同时INTHEFUTURE在将来,今后INONE’SOPINION据某人的观点上看CAN’THELPDOINGSTH忍不住做某事ONTHEOTHERHAND另一方面HOWABOUTWHATABOUT怎么样FILLUP填补;装满ONTHEPHONE用电话ATTHEWEEKENDS在周末◆WEAREALLFROMCANADAUSAREFROMCANADAATHEYDONTOFTENHEARTHETWINSSINGTHESONGINTHESCHOOLBOFTHETWINSOFTENHEARDTOSINGTHESONGINTHESCHOOLAALLTHEAMERICANPEOPLEDONTLIKESANDWICHESBTHEAMERICANPEOPLELIKESANDWICHES◆MOSTOFTHESTUDENTSMOSTSTUDENTSMOSTLYMAINLY◆THESAMEAS与什么相同BEDIFFERENTFROM不同BESIMILARTO与什么相似◆ONCEAMONTHMONTHLY一月一次TWICETWOTIMESAWEEK一周两次◆EXERCISETAKEMUCHEXERCISEDOSPORTS锻炼◆GOTOTHEMOVIES去看电影FILMSEEAFILMGOTOTHECINEMA◆你觉得这部新电影怎么样DOYOULIKETHENEWFILMDOYOUOFTHENEWFILM◆GETON/ALONGWELLWITH与相处很好SAMISFRIENDLYTOHISCLASSMATESANDHISCLASSMATESAREFRIENDLYTOHIMSAM_____________WELLWITHHISCLASSMATES◆掌握三种同义句转换1HEISTALLERTHANANYOTHERSTUDENTINHISCLASSHEISTHETALLESTSTUDENTINHISCLASS2THISFILMISLESSINTERESTINGTHANTHATONETHISFILMISNTASINTERESTINGASTHATONETHATFILMISMOREINTERESTINGTHANTHISONE3IPREFERMATHSTOENGLISHILIKEMATHSENGLISH◆ALITTLE名词ABITOF名词NOTALITTLEVERYNOTABITNOTATALLTHEREISALITTLEWATERINTHEGLASS◆QUITEQUITEAAN形名VERYAVERY形名THISISAVERYINTERESTINGBOOKTHISISINTERESTINGBOOK◆INAHURRY匆忙地HURRYTOGOTOINAHURRYSHEWENTTOSCHOOLINAHURRYSHESCHOOL◆MARRYSBBEMARRIEDTOSB与某人结婚GETMARRIEDBEMARRIED已婚;结婚SHEMARRIEDTOMSHETOM◆RETURNSTHTOSBGIVESTHBACKTOSB把某物归还给某人◆PREPAREFORGETFOR为做准备◆ARGUEWITHSBHAVEANARGUMENTWITHSB与某人争吵◆TOONE’SSURPRISE使某人吃惊的是TOONE’SJOY使某人高兴的是◆FAILTHETESTNOTPASSTHETEST考试不及格FAILINDOINGSTH在上失败,变弱◆TALKABOUTDISCUSS谈论◆ATICKETTO/FORABALLGAME一张球赛的门票注意THEKEYTOTHELOCK/THEKEYANSWERRTOTHEQUESTION/THESOLUTIONTOTHEPROBLEM此处几个短语不能用OF表示所有格◆CALLSBUPRINGSBUPCALL/RING/PHONESB给打电话◆OUTOFSTYLE过时的BEINSTYLE流行的BEINFASHIONFASHIONABLEPOPULAR◆IT’S形容词FORSBTODOSTH对某人而言,做某事是的◆①THEYBOTHSWIMWELL=THEMSWIMWELL②THEREARETREESONBOTHSIDESOFTHESTREETTHEREARETREESONSIDEOFTHESTREET③OURBOOKSARENTTHESEBOOKSARENT◆OVERANDOVERAGAIN反复,一遍又一遍OVERMORETHANCLASSWASOVERCLASSGOOVERGETOVERTHINKOVERLOOKOVERTURNOVERTAKEOVERHANDOVER◆HELPSBTODOSTHHELPSBWITH名词帮助某人做◆KEEPAPET养宠物KEEPADIARY◆BEABLETODOSTHCANDOSTH能做◆IDON’TAGREEIDISAGREE我不同意◆GETBORED变得厌倦(GET/BECOME是系动词,后跟形容词TIRED/ANGRY/EXCITED等)◆WAKEUP醒来(WAKESBUP表示“唤醒某人”)◆ABEDIFFERENTFROMBA与B不同THEREISADIFFERENCE/THEREAREDIFFERENCESBETWEENAANDB◆LIVEALONEBYONESELF单独居住FEELLONELY感到孤独(比较LIVEALONE/GOALONG)◆TAKEPLACEHAPPEN发生◆BEGOODATDOWELLIN名词/代词/DOINGSTH在方面做得好BEBETTERATDOBETTERIN名/代/DOINGSTH在方面做得更好◆PASSSTHONTOSB把传给◆ONFRIDAYEVENING在星期五晚上◆ENDOFYEAREXAMFINALEXAM期末考试◆HAVEHOLD/GIVEAPARTYFORSB为某人举行一次聚会◆INORDERTO为了SOTHATCANBEADJENOUGHFORSBTODOSOTHATCAN’TBENOTENOUGHFORSBTODOTOOTO◆BYTHEWAY顺便说,顺便问一下◆ONMYSEVENTHBIRTHDAY在我第七个生日◆SBRUNOUTOFSTH某人用完了某物◆HOWMUCHISAPAIROFSKATES/SHOES/GLASSES/TROUSERS/JEANSHOWMUCHDOESATHISPAIROFSKATES/SHOES/GLASSES/TROUSERS/JEANSCOST◆GIVESOMESUGGESTIONS提建议ADVICE◆WAITINLINEJOINTHELINESTANDINLINE排队◆RIGHTAWAYATONCERIGHTNOWINAMINUTEIMMEDIATELY马上,立刻◆WOULDYOUMINDDOINGSTH你介意反对做某事吗否定形式WOULDYOUMINDNOTDOINGSTHCOULD/WOULDYOUPLEASEDOSTH请你做某事,行吗否定形式COULD/WOULDYOUPLEASENOTDOSTH◆GOBACKRETURNTO回到◆WELCOMETO欢迎到THEWAYTO去的路◆HEHADMEWASHTHETABLECLOTH.→HETHETABLECLOTH.THEMANHADTHEBIKEMENDED.→THEMANSOMEONETHEBIKE.◆ATFIRST首先ATLASTINTHEENDFINALLY最后◆ALLOWSBTODO/NOTTODOSTH允许某人做/不做某事BEALLOWEDTODO/NOTTODOSTH某人不被允许某人做/不做某事ALLOWDOINGSTH◆INAMINUTEINNOTIMEBEFORELONGSOON立刻,马上◆RECEIVESTHFROMGETSTHFROM从某人处收到某物◆WHYDON’TYOUDOSTHWHYNOTDOSTH你为什么不做呢HOW/WHATABOUTDOINGSTH做怎么样LET’SDOSTH让我们做吧SHALLI/WEDOSTH我/我们做行吗◆DIFFERENTKINDSOF不同种类TYPESORT◆WOULDDORATHERTHANDO宁愿不愿做PREFERTOINSTEADOFDOINGSTH◆ATLEAST至少ATMOSTNOTMORETHANMORETHANOVERNOMORETHANNOTHINGBUTONLYABOUT2METRES2METRESORSO◆BEFRIENDLYTOSB对某人友好KIND◆STHCOSTSBSOMEMONEY某物花某人多少钱SBPAYSOMEMONEYFORSTH某人为某物付多少钱SBSPENDSOMEMONEYONSTH某人花多少钱在某物上SBSPENDSOMETIMEINDOINGSTH某人花费多少时间做某事ITTAKESSBSOMETIMETODOSTH◆CROSSASTREETGOACROSSASTREET过街(穿过表面)GOTHROUGH穿过(空间/房间/森林)GOPASTPASS经过/路过COMEALONG跟着来◆BECAREFULWITHLOOKOUTFOR当心,小心◆NEEDDOINGNEEDTOBEDONE需要被(主语是物,强调被动)INEEDTODOMYHOMEWORKTHEBIKENEEDSMENDING/REPARING◆FEELLIKEDOINGWANTTODOSTH想做某事◆BEASLEEP睡着的BEAWAKE醒着的ATNIGHT在晚上INTHEDAY在白天◆GOONTAKEAHOLIDAY度假◆SOMETHINGTOEAT/DRINK一些吃/喝的东西◆HAVESOMEPROBLEMSINDOINGSTH做某事有困难DIFFICULTYTROUBLE◆FIRSTOFALL首先TOBEGINWITH一开始LATERON后来、随◆BEASLEEPFALLASLEEP睡着◆MYFATHERHASGIVENUPSMOKING我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。STOPPED◆PAYATTENTIONTOSTH对注意,留心◆MAKEADECISIONMAKEUPONE’SMINDDECIDE下决定下决心◆REPLYTO答复某人如SHEREPLIEDTOMRGREENANSWERED◆HAVE时间段OFF放假,休息如HAVE2DAYSOFFTAKE◆LEARNSTHFROMSB向谁学习什么◆HAVEANOPPORTUNITYTODOSTH有机会做某事CHANCE◆THEOTHERDAY前几天◆TAKETHETEST参加考试PASSTHETEST通过考试FAILATEST考试失败◆BESTRICTWITHSB对某人严厉◆IGETMYCARMADEIHAVEMYCARMADE我让别人修好我的车◆HESTARTEDSPEAKING/TOSPEAK他开始说话。BEGAN◆HECAMEUPWITHAGOODIDEA他提出了一个好主意。FOUNDLILYCAUGHTUPWITHANNA莉莉赶上了安娜。FOLLOWED◆GETNERVOUS变得紧张FEELSHY觉得害羞LOOKFRIENDLY看起来友好◆GETTOGETHER聚在一起◆ONDISPLAY展览SHOW◆REMINDSBOFSB/STH提醒使记起THISSONGMAKESHIMTHINKOFHISMOTHER这首歌使他记起了他的妈妈。THISSONGREMINDSHIMOFHISMOTHER◆HANDOUT分发HANDOUTBANANASGIVEOUT分发GIVEOUTSTHTOSB分给某人GIVEUPDOING放弃GIVEUPSMOKING放弃吸烟GIVEAWAY赠送捐赠GIVEAWAYSTHTOGIVEAWAYMONEYTOKIDSGIVESBSTH给某人某东西GIVEMEMONEY给我钱GIVESTHTOSB给某人某东西GIVEMONEYTOME给我线◆SICKADJ生病的作表语、定语ILLADJ生病的作表语,不能作定语◆INAWAY在某种程度说◆SHEWENTONSINGINGCONTINUED她继续唱歌◆IWASAWAYLEFT2DAYSAGO我两天前离开了。◆PROVIDESBWITHSTH供应某人某物PROVIDESTHFORSBSUPPLIED◆COMEOUT出版PUBLISH◆GIVEADVICEON在方面提出意见、建议◆BYACCIDENT偶然地,无意之中CHANGCE◆ACCORDINGTO根据。按照。◆BESIMILARTO与相似◆CHEERUPMAKEHAPPIER使高兴,使振作◆GIVESBARIDE让某人搭车◆COMEACROSS“(偶然)发现,遇见”。◆INTHELAST/PAST表示“在过去的时间里UPTONOWSOFAR直到现在◆BEPROUDOFBETHEPRIDEOF表示“以为自豪/骄傲”◆WONDERSV疑惑WANTTOKNOW◆CORRECTADJ正确的RIGHT◆LOOKSERIOUSLY/BADLY/TERRIBLYILL◆PRESENT礼物=GIFTATPRESENT现在◆TAKEAFTERBESIMILARTOREPAIRFIXUPMEND◆IRAINEDHEAVILYHARDTHEREWASAHEAVYRAIN◆IT’STIMEFORYOUTOWASHDISHESIT’SYOURTURNTOWASHDISHES◆HOWOLD,HOWOFTEN,HOWSOON,HOWFAR,HOWLONG,HOWMANY/MUCH,HOWMANYTIMESWHATCOLOR/SIZE/KINDDOYOUWANTHOWMUCHIS/AREHOWMUCHDOESITCOSTWHAT’STHEPRICEOFITHOWOLDAREYOUWHAT’SYOURAGEHEISANEIGHTYEAROLDBOYHEISEIGHTYEARSOLD◆CANIHELPYOUWHATCANIDOFORYOUMAYIHELPYOU◆HOWADJ/ADV(主语谓语)如HOWHARDHEWORKSWHATA/ANADJ名词单数(主语谓语)WHATADJ名词复数(主语谓语)WHATADJ不可数名词(主语谓语)WHATBADWEATHER/MUSIC/NEWS/WATER/ADVICEITIS◆DOINGEXPECTHAVEFUN,BEBUSY,CAN’THELP,GIVEUP,LOOKFORWARDTO,BE/GETUSEDTO,FEELLIKE,HAVETROUBLE/PROBLEM/DIFFICULT/AHARDTIME,PAYATTENTIONTO,BEWORTH,KEEPON,PUTOFF,ENDUP,MIND,FINISH,KEEP,PRACTICE,ENJOY,PERMIT,SPEND,KEEP,CONTINUE,CONSIDER,SUGGEST,CAN’THELP,MISSDOINGSTH◆IDON’TLIKESWIMMING,ILIKEPLAYINGGAMESINSTEAD◆LIVINGTHINGSNEEDAIRANDLIGHTASWELLASWATER生命不仅需要水,还需要空气和阳光THINGSALIVEBESIDES◆STOPASKINGSUCHSILLYQUESTIONS别再问这样傻的问题了STUPIDFOOLISH◆OURTIMEISRUNNINGOUT我们剩下的时间不多了。WEARERUNNINGOUTOFTIME◆WHAT’SYOURBESTLOVEDFAVORITESUBJECT◆WORK不可数JOB可数工作◆WHATTIMEISITNOWWHAT’STHETIMENOW现在几点了◆TINYLITTLESMALLHUGELARGEBIG◆由构成,由制成BEMADEFROM,BEMADEOF◆以为自豪/骄傲BEPROUDOFBETHEPRIDEOFTAKEPRIDEIN◆继续做某事GOONDOINGGOONWITHSTH继续做(另一件事)GOONTODOSTHCONTINUE◆LOOKFOR表示“寻找”,强调找的动作或过程FIND表示“找到”,强调找的结果FINDOUT表示“找出,查明”之意,指经调查,观察,或研究手段发现或找到◆SEARCH是指对某一处所,人身进行搜查或指寻找想找的人或物,后面可以接介词FOR,但比LOOKFOR语气更强些◆在过去的时间里INTHELAST/PAST数字名词◆过去时的时间状语YESTERDAY,LASTWEEK,AWEEKAGO,ONFRIDAY,JUSTNOW,INTHEEVENING,THEOTHERDAY现在完成时的时间状语SINCEMONDAY,UPTONOWUNTILNOW,FORALONGTIME,SINCEICAMEHERE,SINCELASTWEEK,UPTONOW,LATELYRECENTLY◆CARRY的意思是“携带,搬运,负担”,即把某人带在身边后把某物带在身上,指随身携带,并将它从一处带到另一处。携带的方式可以是提,扛,背,抱,抬等。CARRY不说明带的方向。BRING的意思是把某人或某物“带来,拿来”,强调方向,即从别处拿到说话人这儿来,而不强调带的方式,其后可跟双宾语。TAKE的意思是把某人或某物“带走,拿走”,即说话人这儿带到别处去。FETCHGET,GET和FETCH的意思相近,表示到某处去把某人找到并带来,或把某物找到并取来。GET常用于口语中。辨析BRING,TAKEBRING意为“把拿来,取来”。即把某物从别处拿到说话者所在地;PLEASEBRINGMYENGLISHBOOKHERE请把我的英语书拿到这儿来。TAKE意为“把拿走,取走”,即把某物从说话者所在地拿到别处。YOUCANTTAKETHESEMAGAZINESHOME你不能把这些杂志拿回家。◆OTHER作前置定语时,修饰单数或复数名词。如IWILLCOMEAGAINSOMEOTHERDAYS我改日再来。ANOTHER用于泛指三者以上的不定数目中的“另一个”,其所修饰的名词前不加冠词。IDON’TWANTTHISONEPLEASEGIVEMEANOTHER我不想要这个,请给我另一个。THEOTHER表示两者中的“另一个”或两部分中的“另一部分”,是特指。如THEREARESIXPEOPLEINTHEROOMFOURAREGIRLS,THEOTHERTWOAREBOYS房间里有六个人,四个是女孩,其余两个是男孩。OTHERS用作代词,泛指“其他人”或“其他事物”。如,SOMEARESINGINGANDDANCING,SOMEAREDRAWING,OTHERSARECLIMBINGTHEHILL一些人在唱歌,跳舞,一些人在画画,还有一些人在爬山。THEOTHERS指整体中除去一部分后,剩余的全部。如THEREAREFIFTYFIVESTUDENTSINOURCLASSTHIRTYOFUSAREGIRLSTHEOTHERSAREBOYS我们班有五十五名学生,三十人是女生,其余的是男生。◆LEARNFROM后接表示人的名词,意思为“向学习”;后接表示事物的名词,意思为“从中学习”。WEHAVELEARNTALOTMUCHFROMYOURLECTURESPEECH我们从你的报告中学到了很多东西。LEARNOFLEARNABOUTHEAROFKNOW后接表示人或事物的名词,意思为“听说,了解到”,相当于HEAROF。指间接地获得信息,有时可用介词ABOUT代替OF,但LEARNABOUT还有“学习有关方面知识”的意思。如,WEWERESORRYTOLEARNOFHISFAILURE听到他失败的消息我们非常遗憾。LEARNBY后接表示事物的名词或动词。接表示事物的名词时,意思为“从学习”,可与LEARNFROM互换;接动词ING形式时,意思为“通过方式学习”。如YOUSHOULDLEARNALANGUAGEBYSPEAKINGIT你应当通过说的方式来学习一种语言。另外,LEARNBYHEART是“熟记;背下来”的意思。如YOUSHOULDLEARNALLTHEWORDSBYHEART你应当把所有的单词都背下来。◆PREFER是一个行为动词,后接带TO的不定式,表示一个具体的特定行为,意思为“更喜欢”。如,HEPREFERREDTOHAVEAPARTTIMEJOBHELIKEDTOHAVEAPARTTIMEJOBBETTER他宁愿找一份兼职工作。两者接不定式时,分别与THAN和RATHERTHAN搭配,即PREFERTODORATHERTHANDO意思为“宁愿做而不愿做”,WOULDRATHERDOTHANDO意思为“宁愿做而不愿做”如,LIUHULANPREFERREDTODIERATHERTHANSURRENDERLIUHULANWOULDRATHERDIETHANSURRENDER刘胡兰宁死不屈。PREFERTO相当于LIKEBETTERTHAN意思为“喜欢更胜过喜欢”。其后接名词,代词,动词ING形式。如,IPREFERTEATOCOFFEE我喜欢喝茶胜过喜欢喝咖啡。◆MAKE名词/代词形容词或形容词短语如,THEGOODNEWSMADEUSHAPPY这条好消息使我们很高兴。MAKE名词/代词省略TO的动词不定式如,THEYMADEUSLAUGH他们让我们大笑起来。MAKE名词/代词介词短语或名词短语如,THEBOSSMADEHERHISASSISTANT老板让她作自己的助理。MAKE名词或代词过去分词短语如,CANYOUMAKEYOURSELFUNDERSTOODINENGLISH你能用英语把意思表达清楚吗MAKEIT时间如,LET’SMAKEITHALFPASTTWO让我们把时间约定在230吧。◆TALKABOUTHOWTHINGSAFFECTYOUDISCUSS◆POINT意思为“指着,指向”,在用事物名词作主语时,一般和POINTTO连用,THELANDOFTHECLOCKPOINTSTOSIX时钟的针指向六。在用人物名词作主语时,常用POINTAT如,OURTEACHERISPOINTINGATTHEMAPONTHEWALL我们的老师在指着墙上的地图。POINTAT可以分开来理解,也就是POINT后直接跟名词或代词作宾语,AT表示方向,POINTTO没有这种用法。POINTOUT是“指出“的意思,属于“动副”结构的短语,虽可跟宾语,但若是代词,须放POINT和OUT之间。如,CANY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