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2010年兰州中考英语试题和答案.doc2010年兰州中考英语试题和答案.doc -- 5 元

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兰州市2010年初中毕业生学业考试试卷英语(A)注意事项1.全卷共150分,考试时间120分钟。2.考生必须将报考学校、姓名、准考证号、考场、座位号等个人信息填(涂)写在答题卡的相应位置上。3.考生务必将答案直接填(涂)写在答题卡的相应位置上。第Ⅰ卷(选择题共80分)一、听力理解(分四小节,共20小题每小题1分,满分20分)第一节听句子,从A、B、C三个选项中选择与你所听到的内容相同或相近的选项。(每个句子读一遍)1.A.parentB.presentC.pleasant2.A.83662817B.83662617C.832628173.A.thoughtB.caughtC.bought4.A.Anyway,Illtellyouthesecret.B.Ifyoudonttellthesecrettoothers,Illtellyou.C.Ifyoutellthesecrettoothers,Illtellyou.5.A.Johndoesntlikefootball.B.Johnprefersvolleyballtofootball.C.Johnprefersfootballtovolleyball.第二节情景反应。听句子,根据你所听到的句子,从A、B、C三个选项中选择最恰当的应答语。(每个句子读一遍)6.A.ImafraidyoucantB.ThatsgreatC.Itdoesntmatter7.A.GoodideaB.At7oclockC.Notatall8.A.No,pleasedoit.B.Yes,youcandoit.C.Itsverykindofyou.9.A.Sheisbetternow.B.Shelikesdancing.C.Sheistallandpretty.10.A.Sincelastmonth.B.September.C.Sixoclock第三节听下面四小段对话,每小段对话后有一个问题,根据对话内容及问题,选择正确的答案。(每段对话读两遍)11.WhatisTommakingABC12.WhendidtheconcertbeginA.At800B.At745C.At81513.WheredoesthisconversationprobablytakeplaceA.Inahospital.B.Inthestreet.C.Onabus.14.HowdidStephenimprovehisEnglishA.ByspeakingB.ByreadingC.Bywriting第四节听下面三段短文,根据短文内容及所给问题选择正确答案。每段短文读两遍听下面的短文,回答15至16小题。15.HowaremorepeoplereadingnowA.Readingfrombooks.B.Readingfromnewspapers.C.Readingonline.16.WhatdoesthespeakerthinkoftheInternetA.Interesting.B.Convenient.C.Boring.听下面的短文,回答17至18小题。17.WhatdidthespeakersclasstalkaboutA.Howtodealwiththewaste.B.Howtoprotecttheenvironment.C.Howtosavemoney.18.Ifwedontknowhowreusethewastethings,whatshouldwedoA.Wecanthrowthemaway.B.Wecansellthemtotherecycling.C.Wecanaskothersforhelp.听下面的短文,回答19至20小题。19.Howlongdidthefirstballoontriplastin1783A.Eightminutes.B.Eighthours.C.EightDays.20.FinallyhowdidtheAmericanandtheFrenchmansavethemselvesA.Theyjumpedoutoftheballoon.B.Theythrewawaymostoftheirthings.C.Theystoppedtheballoon.二、单项选择题共20小题每小题1分,满分20分阅读下列各题,从题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。21.Dearstudents,pleasereadeverysentencecarefully.___youare,____mistakesyoullmake.A.Themorecarefully,thefewerB.Themorecareful,thelessC.Themorecarefully,thelessD.Themorecareful,thefewer22.______hardworkyouhavedoneItsverykindofyoutosayso.A.WhatB.HowC.WhataD.Howa23.Whenshallwegotothemuseum,thisafternoonortomorrowmorning_____isOK.Imfreethesedays.A.BothB.AllC.EitherD.Neither24.Dannydidallkindsofthingstomakethebaby______.A.tostopcryingB.stopcryingC.tostoptocryD.stoptocry25.WhatareonshowinthemuseumSomephotos_____bythechildrenofYushu,Qinghai.A.havebeentakenB.weretakenC.aretakenD.taken26.Youshouldnt______yourhope.Everythingwillbebetter.A.giveupB.fixupC.cheerupD.putup27.Howmuchdoestheticket______fromShanghaitoBeijingA.costB.tookC.spendD.pay28.Theywereallsotiredthattheycould______.A.donothingbutsleepB.doanythingbutsleepC.donothingbuttosleepD.doanythingbuttosleep29.Wherewouldyouliketogoonyoursummerholiday,MikeIdliketogo______.A.nowhereinterestingB.interestinganywhereC.somewhereinterestingD.interestingsomewhere30.Hedidntgotothelecturethismorning,didhe______.Thoughhewasnotfeelingverywell.A.No,hedidnt.B.Yes,hedid.C.No,hedid.D.Yes,hedidnt.31.Inthepastfewyearsthere______greatchangesinmyhometown.A.havebeenB.wereC.hadbeenD.are32.Wehavetworooms______,butIcantdecide______.A.tolive,tochoosewhichoneB.lived,choosewhichoneC.tolivein,whichonetochooseD.live,whichone33.ManyChinesestudentsthinksciencesubjectsare______foreignlanguages.A.moredifficultasB.lessdifficultthanC.muchdifficultthanD.sodifficultas34.Haveyoufoundtheinformationaboutthefamouspeople______youcanuseforthereportNotyet.IllsearchsomeontheInternet.A.whoB.whatC.whomD.which35.Tommy,doyouknowifFrank______tothetheatrewithusthisSundayifit______Sorry,Ihavenoidea.A.willgo,isfineB.goes,isfineC.willgo,isgoingtobefineD.goes,willbefine36.Wehave______upearlyinordertocatchtheearlybus.A.usedtogetB.beenusedtogetC.usedforgettingD.beenusedtogetting37.Ithink______ofthematerialsIlistenedtoatthebeginningoftheexam______easy.A.threefourths,isB.thirdfour,areC.threefourths,areD.threefourth,are38.MayweleavetheclassroomnowNo,you______.You______toleaveuntilthebellrings.A.mustnt,areallowedB.donthaveto,aresupposedC.neednt,arentallowedD.cant,arentsupposed39.Theplane______whenwegottotheairport.A.hadtakenoffB.wastakenoffC.willtakeoffD.istakingoff40.IhearHuangGangmadeanEnglishspeechatthegraduationceremonyyesterday.______,and______.A.Sohedid,sodidIB.Sodidhe,soIdidC.Sohewas,sowasID.Sowashe,soIwas三、完形填空共10小题每小题1分,满分10分阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。The2010WinterOlympicGameswilltakeplaceinVancouverandWhistler惠斯勒fromFebruary12to28.Astheworlds41______athleteswillcompetethere,Canadaispreparingforitwell.Itwillbebroadcasted播出inCanadastwo42______languagesEnglishandFrench.Billionsoftelevisionviewersworldwidewill43______theopeningceremonyofthe2010WinterOlympicGames.Athletesfrommorethan8044______willcompetein86medaleventsover17days.ThentheParalympics残奥会will45______fromMarch12to21.Canadahas46______millionsofdollarspreparing.Thousandsofspectatorswillvisitthecountry.Canadawillbe47_____itall.ThebuildingofOlympicgymsbeganin2005.Openingandclosingceremonieswillbeheldindoors,atBCPlaceStadium.Itll48______55,000seats.Somecompetitions,49______ski,andbobsled,willtakeplaceinWhistler.Itsaskivillage.DuringtheGames,roadswillbeclosed.Morethan15,000policemenwillworkto50______thepeacethroughouttheGames.TheUnitedStatesistheonlycountrytohosttheWinterGamesfourtimes.TeamUSAhopes2010willbeagoldenyear.41.A.worstB.bestC.cleverestD.tallest42.A.specialB.unusualC.officialD.ordinary43.A.watchB.noticeC.lookD.hear44.A.citiesB.townsC.villagesD.countries45.A.runB.beginC.stopD.end46.A.paidB.tookC.costD.spent47.A.fullofB.readyforC.worriedaboutD.afraidof48.A.giveB.serveC.holdD.host49.A.withB.includingC.asD.so50.A.keepB.makeC.letD.protect四、阅读理解共15小题每小题2分,满分30分阅读下面A、B、C三篇短文,根据短文内容和问题,从题后A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。A.Wheneverthesundroppedandtheblueskycameup,myfatherandIusedtoclimbthemountainnearmyhouse.Walkingtogether,myfatherandIusedtohavealotofconversationsthroughwhichIlearnedlessonsfromhisexperiences.Healwaystoldme,Youshouldhavegoalslikeclimbingthemountain.Withoutthemountainclimbingthatwebothenjoyed,wecouldnthaveenoughtimetospendtogetherbecausemyfatherwasverybusy.Ireallygotalotfromthemountainclimbing.Itgavemetimetotalkwithmyfatherandtobeindeepthoughtaswellasdevelopmypatience.Onceweclimbedaveryhighmountain.ItwassochallengingformebecauseIwasonlytenyearsold.Duringthefirstfewhoursofclimbing,Ienjoyedtheflowersandtrees,andthebirdssinging.Butastimepassed,Igotapaininbothofmylegs.Iwantedtoquitclimbing,butmyfathersaidtome,Youcanalwaysseeabeautifulskyatthetopofthemountain,butyoucantseeitbeforeyoureachthetop.Onlytherecanyouseeallofthenicethings,whichisjustlikeyourlife.Atthattime,Iwastooyoungtounderstandhiswords.Butlaterafterthat,Igottoknowthemeaningofhopeinlife.Ifoundmyselfstandingatthetopofthemountain,andtheskywasasclearascrystal.51.Thepassagetellsusthatmountainclimbingwas______forthefatherandtheson.A.hardB.enjoyableC.painfulD.comfortable52.Theunderlinedwordcrystalinthepassagemeans_______.A.岩石B.火焰C.水晶D.寒冰53.WhichofthefollowingistheclosestinmeaningtothefatherswordsinthesecondparagraphA.Youwillgetallyouneedatthetopofthemountain.B.Theskyisalwaysasclearascrystal.C.Youcanfindlifeisfullofnicethings.D.Nevergiveuphalfway.54.Wecaninfer推断fromthelastparagraphthat______.A.thewriterwasverysuccessfulinhislifeB.thewriterreachedthetopofthemountainC.thoughthewriterwasyoung,hecouldunderstandhisfatherD.thewriterusedtostophalfwaywhenheclimbedthemountain55.Thebesttitleforthepassageis______.A.ReachingtheTopoftheMountainB.StandingattheTopoftheMountainC.ConversationsbetweenFatherandSonD.HowtoGettotheTopoftheMountainB.Becauseearthquakeshappenwithoutwarning,itsimportanttotakestepsnowtoprepare.Becauseyoudontknowwhereyouwillbewhenanearthquakehappens,preparesomesuppliesforyourhome,workplace,andcar.1.Water.Apersonneedsatleast1/2gallonofwaterdailyjustfordrinking.Storeatleast1gallonofwaterperpersonperdayandbepreparedfora72hourperiod.Itissuggestedthatyoubuybottledwater.Keepbottledwaterinitsoriginalcontaineranddonotopenituntilyouneedtouseit.Also,dochecktheusebydate.2.Food.Itsalwaysapracticalideatokeepasupplyofnonperishable不易腐烂的foodonhand.Haveanenoughsupplyofcannedfood,powderedmilk,driedfruits,nonsaltednutsandcannedjuicesforatleast72hours.3.Flashlights手电筒andsparebatteries.Keepaflashlightbesideyourbed,atyourplaceofwork,andinyourcar.Donotusematchesorcandlesafteranearthquakeuntilyouaresurethatnogasleaks.Prepareabatterypoweredradioandsparebatteries.Mosttelephoneswillbeoutoforder,soradioswillbeyourbestsourceofinformation.4.Clothes.Ifyouliveinacoldplace,youmustthinkaboutwarmth.Youmightnothaveheatafteranearthquake.Thinkaboutyourclothingandbeddingsupplies.56.WhyshouldpeoplepreparethemselvesforanearthquakeA.Becauseearthquakescanbeknownbeforetheyhappen.B.Becauseearthquakestakeplacewithoutwarning.C.Becauseearthquakesusuallytakeplaceintheneighborhood.D.Becauseitspeoplesdailyworktopreparetheearthquakes.57.Aboutthepreparedwater,whichdescriptionisRIGHTA.Apersonshouldprepare0.5gallonofwaterforoneday.B.Youdbetteruseyourowncontainerstokeepwater.C.Youdbetteropenthebottledwaterwhenyoubuyit.D.Youshouldntopenthebottledwateruntilyouneedit.58.Youshouldprepareallofthefollowingexcept______.A.powderedmilkB.freshvegetablesC.driedfruitsD.cannedjuices59.Accordingtothearticleweknowthat______.A.weneedtopreparesomesuppliesonlyathomeB.atelephoneisthemostimportantpreparedthingC.flashlightsbutnotmatchesarefirstusedafterearthquakesD.clothesareusedtoprotectyourhead60.Ifyouliveinacoldplace,youshouldprepare_______.A.somewarmclothesandbeddingsuppliesB.somehotwaterC.somebatteriesD.someflashlightsC.Therehavebeenmanygreatinventionsorthingsthatchangedthewaywelive.Thefirstgreatinventionwastheonethatisstillveryimportanttodaythewheel.Thismadeiteasiertocarryheavythingsandtotravellongdistance.Forhundredsofyearsafterthattherewerefewinventionsthatasmucheffectasthewheel.Thenintheearly1800stheworldstartedtochange.Therewaslittleunknownlandleftintheworld.Peopledidnthavetoexploremuchanymore.Theybegantoworkinsteadtomakelifebetter.Inthesecondhalfofthe19thcenturymanygreatinventionsweremade.Amongthemwerethecamera,thelightandtheradio.Theseallplayabigpartinourdailylifetoday.Thefirstpartofthe20thcenturysawmoregreatinventions.Thehelicopterin1909,movieswithsoundin1926,thecomputerin1928,jetplanesin1930.Thiswasalsoatimewhenanewmaterialwasfirstmade.Nyloncameoutin1935.Itchangedthekindofclothespeoplewore.Themiddlepartofthe20thcenturybroughtnewwaystohelppeoplegetoverdiseases.Theyworkedverywell.Theymadepeoplehealthierandallowedthemtolivelonger.Bythe1960smostpeoplecouldexpecttolivetobeatleast60.Bythistimemostpeopleindevelopedcountrieshadaverygoodlife.Ofcoursenewinventionscontinuedtobemade.Butmannowhadadesire渴望toexploreagain.Theearthwasknowntomanbutthestarswerenot.Manbeganlookingforwaystogointospace.Russiamadethefirststep.ThenUnitedStatestookastep.Sincethenothercountries,includingChinaandJapan,havemadetheirownstepsintospace.In1969mantookhisbiggeststepawayfromearth.Americansfirstwalkedonthemoon.Thisiscertainlyjustabeginning,though.Newinventionswillsomedayallowustodothingswehaveneveryetdreamedof.61.Thispassagetalksmainlyabout.A.whycarswereveryimportantB.whenlightwasinventedC.howinventionsaffectpeoplesdailylifeD.whichcountrymadethefirststepintospace62.Accordingtothepassagemandidnthaveadesiretoexplorealot.A.atthebeginningof1800sB.inthe1960sC.sincethe1900sD.fromthe1800sto1960s63.Inthe1800s,peoplebegantoworkinordertomakeA.explorationsB.theirlifebetterC.discoveriesD.atriptospace64.Nyloncameoutoffiveyearslaterthan.A.radioB.cameraC.jetplanesD.movies65.Peoplecanlivelongerlivesbecausethathelpcurediseaseshaveworkedverywell.A.doctorsB.newwaysC.medicinesD.newhospitals第Ⅱ卷(非选择题共70分)五、任务型完形填空共10空每空1分,满分10分用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每个单词限用一次,使短文通顺正确连贯,将答案填写在题后的横线上。Americansummersarefilledwithoutdoorpicnics,baseballgamesandswimmingpools.SummerinAmericaisatime66________theoutdoors,nomatterhowhotitmightbe.Letstakealookatsomeofthepopulardrinks.Lemonadeis67________ofallAmericansummerdrinks.It68________bymixinglemonjuice,waterandsugar.Itisusuallyservedverycold,withice.Iceteais69________popularsummerdrinkinAmerica.Iceteaisusually70________inatallglassofice.ManyAmericans71________toaddsugartosweetenthedrink.Thisdrinkisoftendrunkintheafternoon72________relaxingintheshade.Iceteaisnowalsosoldbythebottle,atalmostanystoreinAmerica.TheSlurpee,afamousAmericandrinkinrecentyears,isagreat73________tocooloffinthesummerheat.Itisamixofice,sugarandfruitjuices.However,thedrinkismostlymadeofice.Theycan74________atmostsmallconvenientstores.SlurpeesarepopularwithyoungAmericans.Milkshakeshavealong75________inAmerica.Itismadeofamixoficecream,milkandflavoring.六、任务型阅读理解共5小题每小题2分,满分10分仔细阅读下面的短文并按要求完成后面的小题。Thegiantpandaisoneofthemostpopularanimalsintheworld.Agiantpandacangrowupto1.5meterslongandweighupto160kg.Peoplethinkthegiantpandaisverylovely.①SoitisnotsurprisingthattheWorldWideFundforNaturechosethegiantpandaasitssymbol.TheWWFtellspeopleaboutanimalsthattheyareindangerandraisesmoneytosavethem.ThegiantpandaonlylivesinthewildinChina.Intheearly1980s,wereonly1,000leftinthewild.Themainreasonwhypandasareendangeredisthattheareawherepandascanlivehasbecomesmaller.TheWWFworkstohelpgiantpandasinthewildinmanyways.Oneofthewaysthathelpsthemistoincreasethesizeofpandareserves自然保护区.Somereservesneedtobejoinedtogetherbyplantingbamboobetweenthemtomakecorridors.Thesearepathsthatleadfromonereservetoanother.Noonemayharmthepandasintheseareas.Thecorridorsletpandasmovefromonehabitat栖息地toanothertolookforfood.②Peopleareworkingveryhardtomakesurethegiantpandadoesnotdieout.76.Howlongandheavycanagiantpandagrowtobe_____________________________________________________________________________77.将文中划线的句子①改为被动句。Soitisnotsurprisingthat_____________________bytheWorldWideFundforNature.78.Whyarethegiantpandasendangered_____________________________________________________________________________79.Giveawaytohelpthegiantpandasinthewild,please._____________________________________________________________________________80.将文中划线的句子②翻译成中文。history,choose,common,buy,make,enjoy,way,another,while,serve____________________________________________________________________________七、口语交际共5空每空1分,满分5分根据对话内容从方框内所给的选项中选出最佳答案,使对话完整,符合逻辑,句义通顺。注意有多余选项。AYoumustbereallyexcitedaboutleavingforAmericatomorrow,LiPingBYeah.81______ANervousaboutwhatBIdontknowmanyofthecustomsandmannersintheUSA.82______ASure.B83______AWell,itsimportanttobeontimewhenyoureinvitedfordinner.84______Americansexpecttheirgueststobeontime.BThenhowlongmayIstaythereA85______Oryouseemtohavecomeonlyforthemeal.Whenyourfriendsseemtobegettingtiredandrunningoutofthings,itstimetoleave.Thenextday,callorwriteathankyounotetosayhowmuchyouenjoyedtheevening.八、词汇考查分A、B、C三节,共15小题每小题1分,满分15分A读句子,根据汉语提示补全单词。86.Weshouldpaymore______注意toourlivingenvironment.87.Studentsaretaughttohelpand______尊重eachotherinschools.88.Thelocal______政府hastakenactionstocallonpeopletoplanttrees.89.Thankyouforgivingussomanygood______建议。90.Sofar,weve______成功insavingthousandsofpeopleindanger.B根据句义,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。91.Theoldshouldbespokento______polite.92.Myfamilylivesinthe______centerparkofthecity.93.Heistoo______caretopassthefinalexam.94.Poetryisabeautifulwaytoexpress______thinkandfeelings.95.Childrens______expectideasoftensurprisetheadults.C用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。96.Bettyisoftenseen______helptheoldmanwithhishousework.97.Heprefers______takepartinthepublicactivitiesratherthanstayathomealone.98.They______agreewitheachother,sotheyarguedforalongtime.99.Animalsareourfriends,so______protectthemisourduty.100.Youhave______awardascholarshiptostudyviolinatourSchoolofMusic.A.Itsgoodtostayathomeforyou.B.Afterthemeal,dontleaveatonce.C.CouldyougivemeahandD.WhatrulesdotheyhaveinAmericaE.ButImabitnervous.F.Youresupposedtoleavebeforethemeal.G.Itsimpolitetoarrivelate.九、按要求完成句子分A、B两节,共10小题每空1分,满分15分A句型转换101.Lucyusuallycleansthecageeverytwodays.对划线部分提问____________doesLucyusuallycleanthecage102.Jennyworkedhardinordertocatchupwithothers.将简单句改为复合句Jennyworkedhard____________shecouldcatchupwithothers.103.Nothingisimpossibleifyouputyourheartinit.改为反意疑问句Nothingisimpossibleifyouputyourheartinit,____________104.MarycametoChinathreeyearsago.改为同义句Maryhas______inChinasincethreeyearsago.105.Zhaizhigangbecamethe1stChineseastronauttowalkinspace.改为定语从句Zhaizhigangbecamethe1stChineseastronaut____________inspace.B根据所给汉语提示翻译句子。106.无论你遇到什么困难都要充满自信。Youshouldbefullof______whateverdifficultiesyoumeet.107.在春节吃饺子是中国的传统习俗。EatingdumplingsinspringfestivalisaChinese______custom.108.你本应该完成作业,但是你没有。Youshould____________yourhomework,butyoudidnt.109.红十字会给遭受洪水的人们提供了一些食物和衣服。Peoplesufferedfromthefloodwereprovided_____somefoodandclothesbytheRedCross.110.他说等她一回来就把礼物送给她。Hesaidthathe______giveherthepresentassoonasshecameback.十、书面表达满分15分现在网络越来越发达,中学生上网的利弊已成为人们讨论的焦点。请参考下面的信息并结合自己的观点写一篇6080词的短文谈谈你的看法。
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