2011届中考英语专题复习2.doc2011届中考英语专题复习2.doc

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2011届中考英语专题复习二形容词、副词考点讲解和训练【考点直击】1形容词的用法;2副词的用法;3形容词和副词原级、比较级、最高级的用法;4形容词和副词在句中的区别和位置。【名师点睛】1形容词的用法1形容词在句中作定语,表语,宾语补足语。例如OURCOUNTRYISABEAUTIFULCOUNTRY作定语THEFISHWENTBAD作表语WEKEEPOURCLASSROOMCLEANANDTIDY作宾语补足语2形容词修饰SOMETHING,ANYTHING,NOTHING,EVERYTHING等不定代词时,形容词放在名词后面。IHAVESOMETHINGIMPORTANTTOTELLYOUISTHEREANYTHINGINTERESTINGINTHEFILM3用AND或OR连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。EVERYBODY,MANANDWOMAN,OLDANDYOUNG,SHOULDATTENDTHEMEETINGYOUCANTAKEANYBOXAWAY,BIGORSMALL4THE形容词表示一类人或物THERICHSHOULDHELPTHEPOOR2副词的用法1副词在句中可作状语,表语和定语。HESTUDIESVERYHARD作状语LIFEHEREISFULLOFJOY作定语WHENWILLYOUBEBACK作表语副词按其用途和含义可分为下面五类1时间副词时间副词通常用来表示动作的时间。常见的时间副词有NOWTODAY,TOMORROW,YESTERDAY,BEFORE,LATE,EARLY,NEVER,SELDOM,SOMETIMES,OFTEN,USUALLY,ALWAYS等。例如HEOFTENCOMESTOSCHOOLLATEWHATAREWEGOINGTODOTOMORROWHEISNEVERBEENTOBEIJING2地点副词地点副词通常用来表示动作发生的地点。常见的地点副词有HERE,THERE,INSIDE,OUTSIDE,HOME,UPSTAIRS,DOWNSTAIRS,ANYWHERE,EVERYWHERE,NOWHERE,SOMEWHERE,DOWN,UP,OFF,ON,IN,OUT等。例如IMETANOLDFRIENDOFMINEONMYWAYHOMEHEWENTUPSTAIRSPUTDOWNYOURNAMEHERE3方式副词方式副词一般都是回答“怎样的”这类问题的,其中绝大部分都是由一个形容词加词尾LY构成的,有少数方式副词不带词尾LY,它们与形容词同形。常见的方式副词有ANXIOUSLY,BADLY,BRAVELY,CALMLY,CAREFULLY,PROUDLY,RAPIDLY,SUDDENLY,SUCCESSFULLY,ANGRILY,HAPPILY,SLOWLY,WARMLY,WELL,FAST,SLOW,QUICK,HARD,ALONE,HIGH,STRAIGHT,WIDE等。例如THEOLDMANWALKEDHOMESLOWLYPLEASELISTENTOTHETEACHERCAREFULLYTHEBIRDSAREFLYINGHIGHHERUNSVERYFAST4程度副词程度副词多数用来修饰形容词和副词,有少数用来修饰动词或介词短语。常见的程度副词有MUCH,ALITTLE,ABIT,VERY,SO,TOO,ENOUGH,QUITE,RATHER,PRETTY,GREATLY,COMPLETELY,NEARLY,ALMOST,DEEPLY,HARDLY,PARTLY等。例如HERPRONUNCIATIONISVERYGOODSHESINGSQUITEWELLICANHARDLYAGREEWITHYOU5疑问副词是用来引导特殊疑问句的副词。常见的疑问副词有HOW,WHEN,WHERE,WHY等。例如HOWAREYOUGETTINGALONGWITHYOURSTUDIESWHEREWEREYOUYESTERDAYWHYDIDYOUDOTHAT2副词在句中的位置1多数副词作状语时放在动词之后。如果动词带有宾语,则放在宾语之后。例如MRSMITHWORKSVERYHARDSHESPEAKSENGLISHWELL2频度副词作状语时,通常放在行为动词之前,情态动词,助动词和BE动词之后。例如HEUSUALLYGETSUPEARLYI’VENEVERHEARDHIMSINGINGSHEISSELDOMILL3程度副词一般放在所修饰的形容词和副词的前面,但ENOUGH作副词用时,通常放在被修饰词的后面。例如ITISARATHERDIFFICULTJOBHERUNSVERYFASTHEDIDN’TWORKHARDENOUGH4副词作定语时,一般放在被修饰的名词之后。例如ONMYWAYHOME,IMETMYUNCLETHESTUDENTSTHEREHAVEALOTTIMETODOTHEIROWNRESEARCHWORK3部分常用副词的用法1VERY,MUCH这两个副词都可表示“很”,但用法不同。VERY用来修饰形容词和副词的原级,而MUCH用来修饰形容词和副词的比较级。例如SHEISAVERYNICEGIRLI’MFEELINGMUCHBETTERNOWMUCH可以修饰动词,而VERY则不能。例如IDON’TLIKETHEIDEAMUCHTHEYDIDNOTTALKMUCH2TOO,EITHER这两个副词都表示“也”,但TOO用于肯定句,EITHER用于否定句。例如SHECANDANCE,ANDICANDANCE,TOOIHAVEN’TREADTHEBOOKANDMYBROTHERHASN’TEITHER3ALREADY,YETALREADY一般用于语肯定句,YET一般用于否定句。例如HEHASALREADYLEFTHAVEYOUHEARDFROMHIMYETHEHASN’TANSWEREDYET4SO,NEITHERSO和NEITHER都可用于倒装句,但SO表示肯定,NEITHER表示否定。例如MYBROTHERLIKESFOOTBALLANDSODOIMYBROTHERDOESN’TLIKEDANCINGANDNEITHERDOI3形容词和副词的比较级和最高级1两个人或事物的比较时不一定每一方只有一个人或一个事物,用比较级。OURTEACHERISTALLERTHANWEARETHEBOYSINHERCLASSARETALLERTHANTHEBOYSINYOURCLASS2MOST同形容词连用而不用THE,表示极,很,非常,十分。IT’SMOSTDANGEROUSTOBEHERE在这儿太危险。3THE形容词比较级,THE形容词比较级表示越就越。THEMOREYOUSTUDY,THEMOREYOUKNOW4形容词比较级AND形容词比较级,表示越来越。IT’SGETTINGHOTTERANDHOTTER5主语谓语系动词AS形容词原形AS从句。表示两者对比相同。THISBOXISASBIGASMINE6THE形容词表示某种人。HEALWAYSHELPSTHEPOOR7形容词和副词最高级用于三个或三个以上的人和物进行比较。SHANGHAIISONEOFTHEBIGGESTCITIESINCHINA【实例解析】1WHICHIS________,THESUN,THEMOONORTHEEARTHOFCOURSETHEMOONISASMALLBSMALLERCSMALLESTDTHESMALLEST答案D。该题考查的是形容词的比较等级的用法。因为是太阳,地球和月亮三者进行比较,选用形容词的最高级,而且最高级之前要加定冠词THE。所以选D。2HEHASMADE_______PROGRESSTHISTERMTHANBEFOREALITTLEBLESSCFEWERDMUCH答案B。该题考查的是形容词比较等级的用法。因为是现在和过去进行比较,所以要用比较级,又因为是修饰不可数名词,只能用LESS,而不能用FEWER。3WHATDELICIOUSCAKESTHEYWOULDTASTE_______WITHBUTTERAGOODBBETTERCBADDWORSE答案B。该题考查的是形容词的比较等级。答话人的意思应该是“如果加上点黄油,这些蛋糕会更好吃。”这里就有一种比较加黄油和不加黄油。既然是比较,就要用比较级。因为这里讲的是好吃和更好吃,所以C,D要舍去,而选BETTER。4BOBNEVERDOESHISHOMEWORK________MARYHEMAKESLOTSOFMISTAKESASOCAREFULASBASCAREFULLYASCCAREFULLYASDASCAREFULAS答案B。该题考查的是形容词和副词的用法区别。因为该词修饰的是动作“做家庭作业”,所以要用副词。又因为表示一方不如另一方要用句型“NOTAS副词原级AS”,所以只能选B。【中考演练】一单项填空1THEREAREMANYYOUNGTREESONSIDESOFTHEROADAEVERYBEACHCBOTHDALL2IT’SSOCOLDTODAYYES,IT’STHANITWASYESTERDAYAMORECOLDBMORECOLDERCMUCHCOLDERDCOLD3LITTLETOMHASFRIENDS,SOHEOFTENPLAYSALONEAMOREBALITTLECMANYDFEW4SHEISN’TSOATMATHSASYOUAREAWELLBGOODCBETTERDBEST5PETERWRITESOFTHETHREEABETTERBBESTCGOODDWELL6HEISENOUGHTOCARRYTHEHEAVYBOXASTRONGERBMUCHSTRONGERCSTRONGDTHESTRONGEST7IBOUGHTEXERCISEBOOKSWITHMONEYAAFEW;AFEWBAFEW;ALITTLECALITTLE;AFEWDALITTLE;ALITTLE8THEBOXISHEAVYFORTHEGIRLCARRYATOO;TOBTO;TOOCSO;THATDNO;TO9THEICEINTHELAKEISABOUTONEMETERIT’SSTRONGENOUGHTOSKATEONALONGBHIGHCTHICKDWIDE10WULINRANFASTERTHANTHEOTHERBOYSINTHESPORTSMEETINGASOBMUCHCVERYDTOO11JONELOOKSSO_______TODAYBECAUSESHEHASGOTAN“A”INHERMATHSTESTAHAPPYBHAPPILYCANGRYDANGRILY12THESMILEONMYFATHER’SFACESHOWEDTHATHEWAS______WITHMEASADBPLEASEDCANGRYDSORRY13MUM,COULDYOUBUYMEADRESSLIKETHISCERTAINLY,WECANBUY______ONETHANTHIS,BUT______THISAABETTER;BETTERTHANBAWORSE;ASGOODASCACHEAPER;ASGOODASDAMOREIMPORTANT;GOODAS14THISDIGITALCAMERAISREALLYCHEAPTHE______THEBETTERI’MSHORTOFMONEY,YOUSEEACHEAPBCHEAPERCEXPENSIVEDMOREEXPENSIVE15IFYOUWANTTOLEARNENGLISHWELL,YOUMUSTUSEITAS_______ASPOSSIBLEAOFTENBLONGCHARDDSOON16PAULHAS______FRIENDSEXCEPTME,ANDSOMETIMESHEFEELSLONELYAMANYBSOMECFEWDMORE17ENGLISHPEOPLE_____USEMRBEFOREAMAN’SFIRSTNAMEANEVERBUSUALLYCOFTENDSOMETIMES18ONEMORESATELLITEWASSENTUPINTOSPACEINCHINAINMAYRIGHTTHEGOVERNMENTSPOKE______THATAHIGHLYFORBHIGHOFCWELLOFDHIGHLYOF19REMEMBERTHIS,CHILDREN______CAREFULYOUARE,______MISTAKESYOUWILLMAKEWEKNOW,MISSGAOATHEMORE;THEMOREBTHEFEWER;THEMORECTHEMORE;THEFEWERDTHELESS;THELESS20IHAVE________TODOTODAYAANYTHINGIMPORTANTBSOMETHINGIMPORTANTCIMPORTANTNOTHINGDIMPORTANTSOMETHING二用所给单词的适当形式填空1MYPURSEWASSTOLENONTHEBUSYESTERDAY__________FORTUNATE,THEREWASNOMONEYINIT2MOBILEPHONESARE_________WIDEUSEDINMOSTOFTHECITIESINCHINA3HEPUTONHISCOATANDWENTOUT________QUICK4SHEIS______GOODTHANLIPINGATSWIMMING5ALOTCHINESEPEOPLEARE_______PRIDEOFYAOMING,AFAMOUSBASKETBALLSTARINNBA6TOOURSURPRISE,HESUDDENLYRETURNEDONACOLD______SNOWNIGHT7ALLIEASKEDME______POLITETOPUTTHETHINGSAWAY8IT’SSNOWINGHARDYOUMUSTDRIVE________CAREFUL9THEEARTHWELIVEONIS_______BIGTHANTHEMOON10HAINANISAVERYLARGEISLANDIT’STHESECOND________LARGEISLANDINCHINA三用适当的形容词或副词填空首字母已给出1ALARGENUMBEROFMOUTHSMUSTBEFEDINTHOSELESSD________COUNTRIES2THATEVENINGBEETHOVENPLAYEDTHEMUSICFORTHEGIRLASWELLASU______3HAWAIIISF_______ITSBEAUTIFULBEACHES4HEOFTENTAKESANA______PARTINTHESPORTSMEETINGANDHECANGETVERYGOODRESULTSEACHTIME5THEPERFORMANCEWASSOW_______THATEVERYONEGAVEALONGANDLOUDAPPLAUSE鼓掌6JIEFANGROADISTHEB_____STREETINOURCITY7SHELAYA______FORHOURSTHINKINGOVERHERBUSINESS8ILIKEBALLGAMESVERYMUCH,BUTMYF_______SPORTISPLAYINGBASKETBALL9THEBOYISTOOL______HEDOESN’TWANTTODOANYTHING10THEDICTIONARYISVERYU________ITWILLHELPYOUALOT【练习答案】一1C2C3D4B5B6C7B8A9C10B11A12B13C14B15A16C17A18D19C20B二1FORTUNATELY2WIDELY3QUICKLY4BETTER5PROUD6SNOWY7POLITELY8CAREFULLY9BIGGER10LARGEST三1DEVELOPED2USUAL3FAMOUS4ACTIVE5WONDERFUL6BUSIEST7AWAKE8FAVOURITE9LAZY10USEFUL
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