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1Passage1Beingtheheadofahighschoolformanyyears,Igrewtiredofbudgetmeetings,fundingcuts,andmanyotheradministrativechores杂务。Istartedtodreamofretirement.Sittingintrafficonaweekdaymorning,Iwouldfindmymindwandering.Iwouldimaginespendingtimewithmygrandchildren,quieteveningswithmywife,traveling,orrediscoveringsomegreatbooks.ItoldmyselfthatIwouldntsignmyselfupforanycommittees,anyclasses,oranythingrequiringaschedule.MyfirstdayofretirementcameatlastIcookedagreatbreadfastformywifeandme,leisurelyreadthepaper,cleanedabitofthehouse,andwroteafewletterstofriends.Onthesecondday,Icookedbreakfast,readthepaper.....Onthethirdday....ThisisretirementItriedtotellmyselfthatitwasjustthetransition,thatthosegoldenmomentswererightroundthecorner,andthatIwouldenjoythemsoonenough.Butsomethingwasmissing.Aformercolleagueaskedforafavor.AgroupofstudentswasgoingtoJamaicatoworkwithchildreninthepoorestneighborhoods.WoulkIinterruptmynewfoundhappinessandreturntothestudents,justthisonceOnetrip.Thatsall.Mybagswerepackedandbythedoor.Thereipwasveryinspiring.IwasmovednotonlybythepovertyIsawbutalsobythesenseofresponsibilityoftheyoungpeopleonthetrip.WhenIretrunedhome,Iofferedtoworkonedayaweekwithalocalyouthorganization.TheexperiencewassopositivethatIwassoonvolunteeringnearlyfulltime,workingwithstudentsacrossNorthAmericatoassistthemintheirvoluntarywork.Now,itseems,thetableshaveturned.SomedaysIamtheteacher,otherdaysIamthestudent.Theseyoungpeoplehavereawakenedmycommitmenttosocialjusticeissuesbychallengingmetolearnmoreaboutthesituationintheworldtoday,wherepeoplearestillpoorandsufferbecauseofgreed,corruptionandwar.Mostimportant,theyhavegivenmetheopportunitytocontinuetoparticipateinhelpingtofindsolutions.Inreturn,Ihelpthemdotheircharitableprojectsoverseas.Ivegonefromrunningoneschooltohelpingoverseetheconstructionofschoolsintwentyonecountries1.WhatdidthewriterexpecttodoafterheretiredA.TowritesomegreatbooksB.TostayawayfrombusyschedulesC.ToteachhisgrandchildrenD.Todosomecoluntarywork.2.WhydidthewriterdecidetogotoJamaicaA.HemissedhisstudentsinthatcountryB.HecouldntrefusehiscolleaguesfavorC.Hecaredalotaboutthepeoplethere.D.Hewasnotsatisfiedwithhisretiredlife.3.Theunderlinedpartthetableshaveturnedmeansthatthewriter.A.improvedthesituationinhisschoolB.felthappytoworkwithstudentsagainC.becamealearnerratherthanateacherD.Changedhisattitudetowardhisretiredlife4.WhatdoesthewriterthinkofhisretiredlifenowA.DisappointingB.TroublesomeC.RelaxingD.MeaningfulPassage2Whileotherslookawayfromtrouble,thisladydigsinandgetswork.GretchenBuchenholz,thenativeNewYorkerandmotherofsix,hasworkedonbehalfofneedyandmarginalizedfamiliesforyearsinthecity.Shedoeseverythingfrombuyinggroceriesforhomelessfamiliestostartingschoolsforchildren.In1974shefoundedMerricatsCastle,anurseryschoolthatopeneditsdoorstokidsofallracialandeconomicbackgrounds,theablebodiedaswellasthosewithdisabilitiesorterminalillnesses.ShefoundedtheAssociationtoBenefitChildrenABC,thenonprofitgroup,some20yearsago.ThestoryofhowshestartedABCisprettyamazing.In1984shewasonherwaytoagovernmentofficetogetadaycarepermitwhen,byaccident,sheenteredaroomwherehomelessfamilieswerewaitingtobeplacedinawelfarehotel.Shesawthreebarecribs婴儿床withbabieslyinginthem.Thechildrenworenodiaperstheirparentscouldntaffordthem,andtheroomwasfilthy不整洁。Aftertalkingtotheparentsandlearingthattheyandtheirchildrenwerehungry,Gretchen2marchedoutandboughtbread,peanutbutter,applejuiceanddiapers.Thenshestartedmakingphonecalls.ShedialedtheAmericanRedCross,CityHallandTheNewYorkTimes.Gretchenhasmademanypeopleseethatweneedtorecognizethesechildrenarenotdifferentfromourown,andweneedtojoininandhelp.Toooften,peoplelookawayfromsuffering.Butshesetsusanexamplethatweshouldgainstrengthtodosomethingaboutit.1.Shewenttothosehomelesspeopleintheroom.A.tohelpthosehomelesspeopleintheroom.B.ToapplyforapermitforABC.C.Tocallonthegovernmenttohelpthosehomelesschildren.D.Togetpermissiontolookafterbabiesduringtheday.2.ByButshesetsusanexamplethatweshouldgainstrengthtodosomethingaboutit.,theauthormeansA.GretchenBuchenholzisarespectablewoman.B.WeshouldsetupsuchorganizationsastheABCtohelpthosepoorchildren.C.GretchenBuchenholzfivesusthestrengthtofacesufferinginlife.D.Weshoulddoourbitstohelpthosepoorchildren.3.ThechildrenworenodiapersbecauseA.theyhadnoparents.B.TheirparentswerewaitingforthegovernmentshelpC.Theirparentshadnomoneytobuydiapers.D.GretchenBuchenholzwouldbuydiapersforthem4.WecaninferfromthepassagethatGretchenBuchenholzA.calledupCityHalltogethelpforthosehomelesspeople.B.MovedtoNewYorkatayoungage.C.Treatsthechildrenequallywhethertheyarenormalordisabled.D.Startsschoolsforthosehomelesschildren.Passage3EdwardSimswasbornin1892.HewasthefifthchildandonlysonofHerbertandDoraSims.Herbertwasablacksmith铁匠,anddidasuccessfulbusinessmakinghorseshoes.Hedecidedthathisfirstbornsonwouldbeablacksmithjustlikehim.Forthisreason,Edwardwaskeptawayfromschoolandworkedwithhisfather.However,Edwardwasnotcutouttobeablacksmith.Althoughhehadafitbody,hedidnthavestrongarmslikehisfather,andhefeltfaintintheheatofthesmithy.Whenhetriedtofindanotheremployment,hefounditdifficultbecausehehadneverlearntoreadorwrite.Oneday,hewentforainterviewatasolicitors事务律师的office.Thejobwasarunner,takingpapersfromtheofficetootherofficeinthecity.ThesolicitorwaspleasedtoseethatEdwardwasphysicallyfit,butwhenhediscoveredthattheyoungmancouldntreadorwrite,hedecidedagainstemployinghim.Howcanyoudeliverdocumentstootheroffices,heasked,ifyoucantreadtheaddressesonthemGreatlydisappointed,Edwardleftthebuildingandwenttwaitforabustotakehimbacktowherehisfatherssmithywas.Nexttothebusstop,amanwassellingnewspapersfromastand摊位.Excuseme,sonhesaid.WouldyoulookaftermystandforamomentForthenext20minutes,Edwardsoldnewspapers,lotsofthem.Whenthemancameback,hewassodelightedwithhisnewassistantshonestythatheofferedhimajob.Edwardtookitimmediately.Inthenextfewmonths,thetwomenprogressedfromworkingonnewspaperstandstosellingnewspapers,cigaretted,candyandothergoodsinashop.Thentheyopenedasecondshop,andathird.Eventually,theyhadachainof25shopsinthreecities.3Edwardbecameveryrich,soheemployedaprivateteachertoteachhimtoreadandwrite.TheteacherwasamazedatwhatEdwardhadachieved.Imaginewhatyoucouldhavedoneifyoudbeenabletoreadandwritewhenyouwereyoungerhesaid.YessaidEdward.Icouldhaverunmyselftotirednessdeliveringpapersforasolicitor1.AccordingtothepassageEdwardwantedtofindanotherjobinsteadofworkinginhisfatherssmithybecauseA.hedecidedtostarthisownbusinessB.hewantedtobearunnerforasolicitorC.heconsideredhimselfnotfitforthejob.D.Hehadabadrelationshipwithhisfather.2.Theunderlinedphrasenotcutouttobeinparagraph2probablymeansnot.A.usedtobeingB.interestedinbeingCforcetobeD.Borntobe3.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaboutEdwardSimsaccordingtothepassageA.Heandhispartnerowner25chainshopsinthreecitiesintheend.B.HewasthefirstchildandonlysonofHerbertandDoraSims.C.Hedidntgetthejobatthesolicitorsofficebecausehedidntlikereadingorwriting.D.Hehelpedthemanlookafterthenewspaperstandbecausehewantedtoworkwithhim.4.FromwhatEdwardsaidtohisprivateteacherwecaninferthatA.hecouldntagreemorewithwhathisprivateteachersaidB.hehatedrunningarounddeliveringpapersforthesolicitorC.heknewhewouldbemorecomfortableifhedidsomethingelse.D.hedidntregretatallthathewasrefusedbythesolicitor.5.WhichofthefollowingCANNOTbeusedtodescribeEdwardSims.A.HonestB.Unhea1thy.C.UneducatedD.LuckyPassage4CharlesPealewasapainter.HeandhisfamilypaintedmanypicturesofGeorgeWahingtonandotherfamousAmericans.However,Pealehadneverseenapaintinguntilhewasanadult.Onedayhewenttothemarketandsawsomepaintingsforthefirsttimeinhislife.Ifthepictureshadbeengood,Pealsmightneverhavethoughtofbecomingapainterhimself.Whenhereturnedhome,hebegantopaint.Hefoundthathecouldmakemoneybysellinghispicturesanddecidedtomakepaintinghistrade.PealewenttoLondontostudywithBenjaminWest,awellknownartist.Pealewasapatriot爱国者。HewantedtheAmericancolonies殖民地tobreakawayfromEngland.In1772,PealevisitedMountVernon,wherehepaintedthefirstknownpictureofGeorgeWashington.WhentheRevolutionaryWarstarted,PealetookhisfamilytoPhiladelphiawherehewasmadecaptainofacompanyofvolunteers.Pealewasanunusualsoldier.Hecarriedpaintsaswellasagun.Ifhismenwerehungry,hewouldcookthemameal.Iftheirbootsworeout,hehelpedrepairthem.Ifhehadnothingelsetodo,hepaintedpicturesofhisofficers.ManyofPealesideaswereaheadofhistime.Hebelievedthatallmenwerecreatedequal.Hehatedslaveryandfreedtheslaveshehadinherited继承.Hethoughtthatgirlsaswellasboysshouldbeeducated.Healsobelievedthatifpeopletookcareofthemselves,theycouldlivetobe112.Amanofideasandapatriot,Pealehelpedmakehistory.HeleftbehindpaintingsthatarearecordofayoungAmerica.1.CharlesPealetookuppaintingA.undertheinfluenceofhisfamilyB.outofinterestC.becausehewastiredofhisjobD.Totallybyaccident42.ThefirstknownpaintingofGeorgeWashingtonwaspaintedA.atMountVernonB.inWashingtonD.CC.inAnnapolisMarylandD.AtTrentonandPrinceton3.PealewasanunusualsoldierbecauseA.HefoughtbravelyintheRevolutionaryWarB.Hedidmanyotherthingsbesidesfighting.C.Hedidnotactuallytakepartinanyfighting.D.Healwayscameupwithideasaheadofhistime.Passage5WritingarticlesaboutfilmsforTheFrontPagewasmyfirstproperjob.BeforethenIhaddonebitsofreviewingnovelsforothernewspapers,filmsforamagazineandanythingIwasaskedtodofortheradio.ThatwashowImetTomSeaton,thefirsteditorofThePage,whohadalsowrittenfortelevision.Hehiredme,butTomwasnotprimarilyajournalist,orhewouldcertainlyhavebeenmorecarefulinchoosinghisstaff.Atfirst,hisideawasthatateamofcriticsshouldtakecareoftheartformsthatdidntrequirespecializedknowledgebooks,TV,theatre,filmandradio.TherewouldbeaweeklylunchatwhichwewouldmakeourchoicesfromtheartisticmaterialthatTomhaddecidedweshouldcover,thoughtherewouldalsobegueststomaketheatmospheresociable.ItallfeltlikeabitofdreamatthattimeanewnewspaperandIwasoneoftheteam.Itseemedsounlikelythatapapercouldbeintroducedintoacrowdedmarket.Itseemedjustaslikelythatamillionairewantedtohelpmepersonally,andwaspertendingtoemployme.Suchwasmylackofselfconfidence.Tomsoriginalschemeforateamofcritiesfortheartsnevertookoff.Itwasagoodidea,butwedidntgettogetherasplannedandsoeverythingwasdonebyphone.Itturnedout,too,thatthegeneralpublicouttherepreferredtoassociateareviewerwithasinglesubjectarea,andsoIchosefilm.WithoutTomsinitialpush,though,wewouldhardlyhavecomeupwiththepresentarrangement,bywhichIwriteanextendedweeklypiece,usuallyononefilm.ThespaceIamgivenallowsmetobroadenmyargumentorforcesme,inanuninterestingweek,tomakesomethingoutofnothing.ButwhatismyroleinthepublicarenaIassumethatpeoplechoosewhatfilmstogotoonthebasisofthestars,thepublicityorthedirector.Soifafilmreviewisntreallyaconsumerguide,whatisitIcertainlydontfeelIhavearesponsibilitytoberightaboutamovie.NordoIthinkthereshouldbeacertainnumberofgreatandbadfilmseachyear.AllIhavetodoisputforwardanargument.Imnotajudge,andnorwouldIwanttobe.1.WhatdowelearnaboutTomSeatonfromthefirstparagraphA.HeencouragedMarktobecomeawriter.B.Hehadworkedinvariousareasofthemedia.C.HemetMarkwhenworkingfortelevision.D.Hepreferstoemploypeoplethatheknows.2.Theweeklyluncheswereplannedinorderto.A.helpthewritersgettoknoweachother.B.provideaninformationsessionC.distributetheworkthathadtobedone.D.Entertainimportantvisitorsfromthearts3.WhatdoestheauthormeanwhenhesaysthatTomsplannevertookoffinparagraph4A.Itwasunpopular.B.Itwastedtoomuchtime.C.ItwasntplannedproperlyD.Itwasntputintopractice.4.WhichofthefollowingbestdescribeswhatMarksaysabouthisworkA.Hissuccessvariesfromyeartoyear.B.Hepregerstowriteaboutfilmshelikes.C.Hecanfreelyexpresshisopinion.D.Hewritesaccordingtoacceptedrules.5Passage6Yearsagowhilelyinginmyhummock吊床anddrinkingJDfromthebottle,Inoticedmydogdraggingsomethingunderthefence.Uponinspection,tomydisappointment,Irealizeditwasthenextdoorneighbors10yearolddaughtersrabbit.ForyearsIhadwatchedhercomehomefromschoolandheadstraightouttoitscage,freeitandplaywithitintheyard.Iknewthatdaywouldbenodiffrtentandfearingforourdog,Ihadtothinkfast.Therabbitwasquitedirty,asifithadputupquiteastruggle,soIwashedit,combeditwiththedogbrushandblewitdrywiththeleafblower.UponfinishingitsgroomingIjumpedthefenceandreplaceditbackinitscagehopingitsdeathwouldbewrittenoffasnaturalcaused.BacktothehammockandJD.WithinthehourtheneighbousVolvopulledinasusualandoutpoppedthelittlegirl,andasusualsheheadedstraightforthecage.OnlythistimeshestoppedaboutsixfeetawayandscreamedDADDYHerfather,panicstrichen,stoodlookingatthecage.BeingthegoodneighborthatIwas,IrushedtofenceandaskediftherewasanythingIcoulddo.Herfaterlessthancalmlyshouted,Whatkindofsickindividualwoulddigupalittlegirlsrabbitandputitbackinitscage1.ThegirlwasshockedbecauseA.therabbitwaskilledbysomeone.B.therabbitwastooclean.C.Thedeadrabbitwascleanedandputbackintothecage.D.therabbitwasasleepinthecage.2.ThatdaythegirlrantothecageA.becauseherrabbitwasthere.B.Becauseshehadahabitofgoingtheretoseehertabbit.C.Becauseshewantedtoseeherrabbitagain.D.Becausetherabbitwasdead.3.WecaninferthattherabbitA.wasalivebeforethewritersawhisdogdraggingit.B.Wasalreadydeadbeforethewritersawhisdogdraggingit.C.Wasinthecageplayingwiththedog.D.Wasatthefenceseekingoutforfoodbeforeitwaskilledbythedog4.Accordingtothestory,thewriterA.washelpfultohisneighborB.didasmartthingC.washonestD.MadeamistakePassage7Thedrugstorewasclosingforthenight.YoungAlfredHiggins,thestopassistant,wasreadytogohome.Mr.Carr,theboss,staredathimandsaidHoldon.Alfred.Maybeyoudbegoodenoughtotakethethingsoutofyourpocketsandleavethemherebeforeyougo.Alfredsfacegotred.Afteralittlehesitation,hetookoutwhathehadstolen.Mr.Carrsaid,MaybeIshouldcallyourmotherandletherknowImgoingtohavetoputyouinprison.Alfredthoughthismotherwouldcomerushingin,eyesburningwithanger.But,tohissurprise,shearrivedwearingasmile.Hello,ImAlfredsmother.Isheintroubleshesaid.Mr.Carrwassurprised,too.HehadexpectedAlfredsmothertocomeinnervously,shakingwithfear,askingwithweteyesforamercyforherson.Butno,shewasmostcalm,quietandpleasantandwasmakingMr.Carrfeelguilty....SoonMr.Carrwasshakinghisheadinagreementwithwhatshewassaying.Ofcourse,hesaid,Idontwanttobecruel.Youareright.Sometimes,alittlegoodadviceisthebestthingforaboyatcertaintimesinhislifeanditoftentakestheyouthslongtimetogetsenseintotheirheads.AndhewarmlyshookMrs.Higginsshad.6Backhome,withoutevenlookingatAlfred,shesaid,Youareabadluck.Itisonethingafteranother,alwayshasbeen.WhydoyoustandtheresostupidlyGotobed.Inhisbedroom,Alfredheardhismotherinthekitchen.Therewasnoshameinhim,justprideinhismothersstrength.Hefelthemusttellherhowgreatshewas.Ashegottothekitchen,hesawhiwmotherdrinkingacupottea.Hewasshockedbywhathesaw.Hismothersfacewasafrightened,brokenone.Itwasnotthesamecool,brightfacehesawearlierlinthedrugstore.Assheliftedtheteacap,herhandshook.Andsomeoftheteasplashedonthetable.Herlipsmovednervously.Shelookedveryold.Hewatchedhismotherwithoutmakingasound.Thepictureofhismothermadehimwanttocry.Hefelthisyouthcomingtoanend.Hesawallthetroubleshebroughthismotherinhershakinghandandthedeeplinesofworryinhergreyface.Itseemedtohimthatthiswasthefirsttimehehadeverreallyseenhismother.1.ThereasonwhyMr.CarrfeltguiltywasthatA.Alfredsmotherappearedpoliteandgentle.B.Heshouldhavecalledapolicemaninfirst.C.HefoundAlfredwasinfactinnocent.D.Hethoughthewaspartlyresponsibleforit.2.WhichofthefollowingisprobablysaidbyMrs.HigginswhiletalkingtoMr.CarrA.Youknow,ittakestimeforayouthtotrulygrowup.B.IcantbelieveitYouaretreatingmysonlikethatC.Please,forGodssake,youknow,heisjustakid.D.Punishmentmakessensebecauseitteachesaboutthelaw.3.Whatdoestheunderlinedphrasehismothersstrengthparagraph3refertoA.Mrs.Higginssattitudetowardsparentalsufferings.B.Mrs.Higginsscalmnessandcommunicatingskills.C.Mrs.HigginssloveandcareforhersonAlfred.D.Mrs.Higginssgreatnessasawoman.4.Aftertheincident,youngAlfredwouldprobablyA.feelashamedofhermotherB.learntoliveanindependentlife.C.changehisattitudestowardslife.D.HateMr.Carrforhurtinghermother.Passage8December6CanadaForthoseofyouwhohavebeenfollowingthisstory,thethirdsuspect嫌疑犯intheCanadianCatMutilation残害casehasbeencaught.OnMarch8,afterjustunderayearofsearching,theFindMattCampaignreceivedinformationthatwouldcomfortmany.NowknownasMattewKaczorowski,21yearsold,thiscatmutilatorwaspickedupbythepolicefromthestreetsofVancouver.InMay2001,threeyoungmentookayoungcat,namedKensingtonaftertheareaoftownfromwhereshewastaken,fromthestreettoahouse.Theybegantocruellytreatandmutilatehertodeath,videotapingtheattack.Twoofthesuspects,recognizedas21yearoldJesseChamplainPowerand24yearoldAnthonyRyanWennekers,werearrestedshortlyaftertheincident.Neitherhelpedthepoliceinanefforttofindthethirdsuspect,atthetimeknownonlyasMatt.InMay2002,KatiesetuptheFindMattCampaign,withthegoalsofraisingpublicawareness意识aboutanimalcrultyandhavingasmanyeyesaspossiblelookforMatt.IdontthinkMattwouldhavebeencaughthaditnotbeenforKatieWoodwardsinformation,saidDetectiveGordonScott,oneofthearrestingofficers.Kaczorowskifacethechargesofanimalcruelty,theftunder5,000andpossessionofpropertytakenbycrimemustbechargedremainsabsentthatofanimalcruelty.AccordingtoCanandianlaw,thiskindofcrimemustbechargedwithinsixmonths.ThecaseisnowbeforetheCourts.7WhilefindingMattisabigstepintherightdirectionofthiscase,itisnotover.ItremainsthatKensingtonsguardian监护人hasnotyetcomeforward.Itisimportantthatherguardianspeakouttolessenthepossibilityofthechargesbeingdropped.1.WhatdoesthepassagemainlytalkaboutA.AcatwaskilledcruellyinCanada.B.ACanadiancatmutilatorwascaught.C.Peoplepayattentiontoanimalprotection.D.Nocrimescanescapefrombeingcharged.2.Whichofthefollowingisincorrectorderaccordingtothetimewhentheeventshappeneda.Mattwascoughtbythepolece.b.FindMattCampaignwassetup.c.JesseandAnthonyweresoonarrested.d.Threeyoungmenmutilateacattodeath.e.KatiegottheinformationaboutthethirdsuspectA.d,c,e,a,bB.e,a,d,c,bC.d,c,b,e,aD.a,d,b,e,c3.WhichoneofthechargesdoesMattcertainlyhavetofaceA.Stealinglessthan5,000.B.Hispessessionofproperty.C.Thecrimeofanimalcruelty.D.Asixmonthinprisonment.4.WhatcanweinferfrompassageA.CatchingMattwaseasyforthepolice.B.VeryfewpeoplecareaboutMattscase.C.KatiestartedtheFindMattCampaigntoprotectanimals.D.Thefinalresultofthecasedependsonthecatsguardian.Passage9RonaldReaganwastheonlyactortobecomePresidentoftheUnitedStates,butotherfilmstarshavealsobecomesuccessfulinpublicoffice,OneofthemisShirleyTemple,whoisrememberedthroughouttheworldasalittlegirlwhosanganddancedinmanyfilms.ShirleyTemplebegantomakefilmsattheageoffiveandshewasonlyninewhensheplayedthepartofHeidi.Inalmosteverypartoftheworldwherefilmsareseenontelevision,childrenandtheirparentsstillenjoyHeidiandotherfilmsofShirleyTemple.Althoughshehasnotappearedinafilmforoverthirtyyears,hernameisstilldeartopeopleofallages.WhenShirleyTemplewastwentyoneyearsold,shewasakeadyoutofthefilmcircle.Twentyyearslater,manypeoplestillthoughtherasalittlegirlthatAmericanshavealwayslovedinthefilms.However,othersknowherasanexcellentwomanwithknowledgeofworldproblems.OneofthepeoplewhorecognizedtheseimportantabilitieswasPresidentRichardNixon,whosentherworkintheUrutedNationsinI969.Americansarebeginningtorealizethatmanyfilmstarshaveothertalentsbesidesacting.1.RonaldReaganandShirleyTemple.A.werethebestofallfilmstarsB.hadothertalentsbesidesactingC.didnotreallywanttoworkforpublicofficeD.weregoodfilmstarsbutnotgoodofficials2.ShirleyTempleworkedasafilmstar.A.fortwentyyearsB.foraboutfifteenyearsC.beforeshewasfiveyearsoldD.tillshewenttoworkintheUnitedNations3.ShirleyTemplewenttoworkintheUnitedNations.A.becauseNixonfoundherableforthatjobB.withoutthehelpofanybodyelseC.asRonaldReaganappreciatedherability8D.asshewastoooldtobeafilmstaranylonger4.ShirleyTemplewasgoodat.A.nothingbutactingB.foreignlanguagesC.makingfriendsD.intemationalaffairs5.TheAmericansarebeginningtoacceptthefactthat.A.filmstarsshouldtakeupotherbusinessesB.filmstarsshouldalsoworkintheUnitedNations.C.filmstarscanalsohaveothertalents.D.allfilmstarscanbesuccessfulwhentheygrowold.Passage10ThemantravelinginthebackoftheambulancewhichwasrunningatahighspeedalongthestreetsofBaltimorethatmomingin2008hadnobusinesstobealive.Byeverythingthatwasreasonable,andtherewereplentyofsuchthingsbefore,heshouldhavebeenverydeadindeed.Buthewasnt.Asthepeopleinthehospitalpointedoutaftertheyhadexaminedhim,hewasonlyslightlyhurt.Yethehadjustfallen150feetdownahotelliftshaft电梯通道Unknowntotheman,twothingshadoccurredwhichweretoaffecthislifethatday.Onthethirteenthfloorofthehotel,somebodyhadcarelesslylefttheliftgateopen.Downinthebasement,apipehadburstand,ithadfloodedthebottomoftheliftshafitoadepthoftwofeet.Modemliftshaveallsortsoffailsafesystemtopreventaccidents,butthiswasancientequipmentunreliable,slow,dangerous,andsuitablematerialtorecycle.Themanhadplentyofthingstooccupyhismindthatmorning.Hehadoverslept.Thehotelhadforgottentocallhimandnowhewaslateforanimportantbusinessappointment.Hedressedquickly,shavedhurriedly,tookholdofhisbriefcaseandhurriedoffdownthehotelcorridor.GoodTheliftgatewasopen.Theliftmustbethere.Heneednotpressthebuttonandwaitwhilethelarge,clumsyliftmadeitswayupwards.Withoutlookingorthinking,hesteppedoutintospace.Theliftcagewas,infact,onefloorabovehimonthefourteenth.Theworldwhichhehadwalkedwasanarrowspaceofnotveryfreshsir,ending150feetbelowintwofeetofdirtywater.Themanfell,makinghisjourneytothegroundataspeedhehadneverdreamedof.Confusedpatterns,arushofair,timeenoughtobeafraid,splitsecondthoughtsofdeath,thencrashPerhapsthisgavehimtherecordforsomesortofhighdivingact.Nodoubtinfuturehealwayslookedbeforehejumped.Certainlybeleamtthatthiswasnowaytosavetime.Theexpertssaidthatthosetwofeetofwaterhadsavedhislife.1.WhatdoweleamaboutthemanA.Hefellfromthe13thfloor.B.Hewashitbyanambulance.C.Hegotcaughtinaseriousflood.D.Hemadearecordforhighdiving.2.By..hadnobusinesstobealive,thewritermeansthattheman.A.hadmissedhisbusinessappointmentB.wasalivewithexcitementC.wasaliveandthiswassurprisingD.didntdoanybusiness3.Tileliftdidnothaveafailsafesystembecauseitwas.A.narrowB.slowC.largeD.old4.WhichofthefollowingwasNOTthecauseoftheaccidentA.Apipeburst.B.Themanoverslept.C.Thehotelforgottocallhim.D.Someonelefttheliftdooropen.Passage11AccordingtoPeteSinger,aresearcherwhowroteanumberofbooksonthemilitary,activeinvolvementofrobotsinbattlescouldworsenwarfarebymakingmachinesdoallthedirtyworkforhumans.Hesaysthathumanityiscurrentlyatpointofbreakthroughinwar,likethediscoveryoftheatomicbomb.9WhatdoesitmeantogotowarwithUSsoldierswhosehardwareismadeinChinaandwhosesoftwareismadeinIndiaTheresearchpredictsthatby2015Americansoldierswillbehalfrobots,halfhumans.Itisworthmentioningthatattackdrones持续的低音andbombhandlingrobotsarejustsomeofthedevicesthatarmiesuseinbattles.Besideshavingnomercyinbattle,robots,incontrasttohumans,alsocutofflivingsoldiersfroruhorrors.TheUnitedStatesisaheadinmilitaryrobots,butintechnologythereisnosuchthingasapermanentadvantage,Mr.Singersaid,addingthatcurrentlyRussia,China,PakistanandIranareworkingonthedevelopmentofmilitaryrobotsaswell.Theresearchermentionedthatroboticsissomethingterronstscantakeadvantageofaswell.Youdonthavetomakerobotsbelievetheyaregoingtoget7milliondollarswhentheydietogetthemtoblowthemselvesup,hesaid.Inaddition,Mr.Singermentionedthatmilitaryrobotsfeaturecamerasthatrecordeverythingamachinesees,providingdigitalvideothatisuploadedonYouTubeingraphicclips,whichsoldierscallwarpom.Ittumswarintoentertainment,sometimessettomusic.Theabilitytowatchmorebutexperienceless,hesaid.DavidHansco,whoisaroboticsdesigner,createsrobotsthathavemorefeaturesofahuman.Forexample,hisrobotsfeaturesynthetic舍成的fleshfacesandhavetheabilitytoreadhumanfacialexpressionsandcopythem.Theengineerstatesthatthemainideaistocreaterobotsthatcanshowempathy移情作用.1.Thereaderscanprobablyhituponthispassagein.A.anovelB.asciencefictionC.anewspaperD.alecture2.Theadvantageofusingrobotsinthewaris.A.thattheyusetheadvancedtechnologyB.thattheycansuitallkindsofconditionC.thattheyarenolongerinfearofwarasmenD.thattheycostlessmoneyinthewar3.ThesecountriesareworkingonthedevelopmentofmilitaryrobotsEXCEPT.A.ChinaB.theUSAC.IranD.India4.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrueA.Thefuturerobotscontainingacameracanfilmwhatevertheyhaveseen.B.Thefuturerobotscanreadandcopyhumansfacialexpression.C.Thefuturerobotsseemlikerealpersonswithfleshfaces.D.Thefuturerobotscanhaveafeelingofenjoyingthewar.5.WhichofthefollowingisthebesttitleofthispassageA.Halfrobots,halfhumansB.ThefutureofrobotsC.MilitaryrobotsinthefutureD.SyntheticfleshfeaturedrobotsPassage12CaseforManmadeWarnunglncreasedin2010London,EnglandCNNEvidenceofmanmadewarminghasincreasedinthepastyear2010,accordingtooneoftheworldsleadingclimateresearchcenters.TheUKsMetOfficeHadleyCentersaysdatafromarangeofclimateindicatorscontinuestomakeacaseforlongtermmanmadeglobalwarming,Itisclearfromtheobservationalevidenceacrossawiderangeofindicatorsthattheworldiswarming,MattPalmer,anoceanexpertattheMetOffice,saidinastatement.Aswellasaclearincreaseinairtemperatureobservedaboveboththelandandseaweseeobservationswhichareallinagreementwithincreasinggreenhousegases.TheMetOfficebroughttogetherevidencefromover20organizationsworldwide.Dataweretakenfromavarietyofsourcesincludingsatellites,weatherballoons,shipsandoceanbuoys浮标,allofwhichstrengthenthecaseofhumaninfluencedclimatechange.Increaseswerereportedinseawatertemperature,higherlevelsofhumidity湿度,risingsealevelsaslandice
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