89年-97年历年大学英语四级阅读理解真题.doc.doc89年-97年历年大学英语四级阅读理解真题.doc.doc

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1989年1月大学英语四级CET4真题PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE7月04MORETHAN30,000DRIVERSANDFRONTSEATPASSENGERSAREKILLEDORSERIOUSLYINJUREDEACHYEARATTHESPEEDOFONLY30MILESPERHOURITISTHESAMEASFALLINGFROMATHIRDFLOORWINDOWSWEARINGASEATBELTSAVESLIVES;ITREDUCESYOURCHANCEOFDEATHORSERIOUSINJURYBYMORETHANHALFTHEREFOREDRIVERSORFRONTSEATPASSENGERSOVER14INMOSTVEHICLESMUSTWEARASEATBELTIFYOUDONOT,YOUCOULDBEFINEDUPTO£50ITWILLNOTBEUPTOTHEDRIVERSTOMAKESUREYOUWEARYOURBELTBUTITWILLBETHEDRIVER’SRESPONSIBILITYTOMAKESURETHATCHILDRENUNDER14DONOTRIDEINTHEFRONTUNLESSTHEYAREWEARINGASEATBELTOFSOMEKINDHOWEVER,YOUDONOTHAVETOWEARASEATBELTIFYOUREVERSINGYOURVEHICLE;ORYOUAREMAKINGALOCALDELIVERYORCOLLECTIONUSINGASPECIALVEHICLE;ORIFYOUHAVEAVALIDMEDICALCERTIFICATEWHICHEXCUSESYOUFROMWEARINGITMAKESURETHESECIRCUMSTANCESAPPLYTOYOUBEFOREYOUDECIDENOTTOWEARYOUSEATBELTREMEMBERYOUMAYBETAKENTOCOURTFORNOTDOINGSO,ANDYOUMAYBEFINEDIFYOUCANNOTPROVETOTHECOURTTHATYOUHAVEBEENEXCUSEDFROMWEARINGIT21THISTEXTISTAKENFROM________AAMEDICALMAGAZINEBAPOLICEREPORTCALEGALDOCUMENTDAGOVERNMENTINFORMATIONBOOKLET22WEARINGASEATBELTINAVEHICLE________AREDUCESROADACCIDENTSBYMORETHANHALFBSAVESLIVESWHILEDRIVINGATASPEEDUPTO30MILESPERHOURCREDUCESTHEDEATHRATEINTRAFFICACCIDENTSDSAVESMORETHAN15,000LIVESEACHYEAR23ITISTHEDRIVER’SRESPONSIBILITYTO________AMAKETHEFRONTSEATPASSENGERWEARASEATBELTBMAKETHEFRONTSEATCHILDRENUNDER14WEARASEATBELTCSTOPCHILDRENRIDINGINTHEFRONTSEATDWEARASEATBELTEACHTIMEHEDRIVES24ACCORDINGTOTHETEXT,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGPEOPLERIDINGINTHEFRONTDOSNOTHAVETOWEARASEATBELTASOMEONEWHOISBACKINGINTOAPARKINGSPACEBSOMEONEWHOISPICKINGUPTHECHILDRENFROMTHELOCALSCHOOLCSOMEONEWHOISDELIVERINGINVITATIONLETTERSDSOMEONEWHOISUNDER1425FORSOMEPEOPLE,ITMAYBEBETTER________ATOWEARASEATBELTFORHEALTHREASONSBNOTTOWEARASEATBELTFORHEALTHREASONSCTOGETVALIDMEDICALCERTIFICATEBEFOREWEARINGASEATBELTDTOPAYAFINERATHERTHANWEARASEATBELTPASSAGETWOQUESTIONS26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE7月05IFYOUWANTTOSTAYYOUNG,SITDOWNANDHAVEAGOODTHINKTHISISTHERESEARCHFINDINGOFATEAMOFJAPANESEDOCTORS,WHOSAYTHATMOSTOFOURBRAINSARENOTGETTINGENOUGHEXERCISEANDASARESULT,WEAREAGEINGUNNECESSARILYSOONPROFESSORTAIJUMATSUZAWAWANTEDTOFINDOUTWHYOTHERWISEHEALTHYFARMERSINNORTHERNJAPANAPPEAREDTOBELOSINGTHEIRABILITYTOTHINKANDREASONATARELATIVELYEARLYAGE,ANDHOWTHEPROCESSOFAGEINGCOULDBESLOWEDDOWNWITHATEAMOFCOLLEAGUESATTOKYONATIONALUNIVERSITY,HESETABOUTMEASURINGBRAINVOLUMESOFATHOUSANDPEOPLEOFDIFFERENTAGESANDVARYINGOCCUPATIONSCOMPUTERTECHNOLOGYENABLEDTHERESEARCHERSTOOBTAINPRECISEMEASUREMENTSOFTHEVOLUMEOFTHEFRONTANDSIDESECTIONSOFTHEBRAIN,WHICHRELATETOINTELLECT智能ANDEMOTION,ANDDETERMINETHEHUMANCHARACTERTHEREARSECTIONOFTHEBRAIN,WHICHCONTROLSFUNCTIONSLIKEEATINGANDBREATHING,DOESNOTCONTRACTWITHAGE,ANDONECANCONTINUELIVINGWITHOUTINTELLECTUALOREMOTIONALFACULTIESCONTRACTIONOFFRONTANDSIDEPARTSASCELLSDIEOFFWASOBSERVEDISOMESUBJECTSINTHEIRTHIRTIES,BUTITWASSTILLNOTEVIDENTINSOMESIXTYANDSEVENTYYEAROLDSMATSUZAWACONCLUDEDFROMHISTESTSTHATTHEREISASIMPLEREMEDYTOTHECONTRACTIONNORMALLYASSOCIATEDWITHAGEUSINGTHEHEADTHEFINDINGSSHOWINGENERALTERMSTHATCONTRACTIONOFTHEBRAINBEGINSSOONERINPEOPLEINTHECOUNTRYTHANINTHETOWNSTHOSELEASTATRISK,SAYSMATSUZAWA,ARELAWYERS,FOLLOWEDBYUNIVERSITYPROFESSORSANDDOCTORSWHITECOLLARWORKERSDOINGROUTINEWORKINGOVERNMENTOFFICESARE,HOWEVER,ASLIKELYTOHAVESHRINKINGBRAINSASTHEFARMWORKER,BUSDRIVERANDSHOPASSISTANTMATSUZAWA’SFINDINGSSHOWTHATTHINKINGCANPREVENTTHEBRAINFROMSHRINKINGBLOODMUSTCIRCULATEPROPERLYINTHEHEADTOSUPPLYTHEFRESHOXYGENTHEBRAINCELLSNEED“THEBESTWAYTOMAINTAINGOODBLOODCIRCULATIONISTHROUGHUSINGTHEBRAIN,”HESAYS,“THINKHARDANDENGAGEINCONVERSATIONDON’TRELYONPOCKETCALCULATORS”26THETEAMOFDOCTORSWANTEDTOFINDOUT________AWHYCERTAINPEOPLEAGESOONERTHANOTHERSBHOWTOMAKEPEOPLELIVELONGERCTHESIZEOFCERTAINPEOPLE’SBRAINSDWHICHPEOPLEAREMOSTINTELLIGENT27ONWHATARETHEIRRESEARCHFINDINGSBASEDAASURVEYOFFARMERSINNORTHERNJAPANBTESTSPERFORMEDONATHOUSANDOLDPEOPLECTHESTUDYOFBRAINVOLUMESOFDIFFERENTPEOPLEDTHELATESTDEVELOPMENTOFCOMPUTERTECHNOLOGY28THEDOCTOR’STESTSHOWTHAT________AOURBRAINSSHRINKASWEGROWOLDERBTHEFRONTSECTIONOFTHEBRAINDOESNOTSHRINKCSIXTYYEAROLDSHAVETHEBETTERBRAINSTHANTHIRTYYEAROLDSDSOMEPEOPLE’SBRAINSHAVECONTRACTEDMORETHANOTHERPEOPLE’S29THEWORD“SUBJECTS”INPARAGRAPH5MEANS________ASOMETHINGTOBECONSIDEREDBBRANCHESOFKNOWLEDGESTUDIEDCPERSONSCHOSENTOBESTUDIEDINANEXPERIMENTDANYMEMBEROFASTATEEXCEPTTHESUPREMERULER30ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,WHICHPEOPLESEEMTOAGESLOWERTHANTHEOTHERSALAWYERSBFARMERSCCLERKSDSHOPASSISTANTSPASSAGETHREEQUESTIONS31TO35AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE7月06ONJUNE17,1744,THEOFFICIALSFROMMARYLANDANDVIRGINIAHELDATALKWITHTHEINDIANSOFTHESIXNATIONSTHEINDIANSWEREINVITEDTOSENDBOYSTOWILLIAMANDMARYCOLLEGEINALETTERTHENEXTDAYTHEREFUSEDTHEOFFERASFOLLOWSWEKNOWTHATYOUHAVEAHIGHOPINIONOFTHEKINDOFLEARNINGTAUGHTINYOURCOLLEGES,ANDTHATTHECOSTSOFLIVINGOFOURYOUNGMEN,WHILEWITHYOU,WOULDBEVERYEXPENSIVETOYOUWEARECONVINCEDTHATYOUMEANTODOUSGOODBYYOURPROPOSAL;ANDWETHANKYOUHEARTILYBUTYOUMUSTKNOWTHATDIFFERENTNATIONSHAVEDIFFERENTWAYSOFLOOKINGATTHINGS,ANDYOUWILLTHEREFORENOTBEOFFENDEDIFYOURIDEASOFTHISKINDOFEDUCATIONHAPPENNOTTBETHESAMEASYOURSWEHAVEHADSOMEEXPERIENCEOFITSEVERALOFOURYOUNGPEOPLEWEREFORMERLYBROUGHTUPATTHECOLLEGESOFTHENORTHERNPROVINCESTHEYWERETAUGHTALLYOURSCIENCES;BUT,WHENTHEYCAMEBACKTOUS,THEYWEREBADRUNNERS,IGNORANTOFEVERYMEANSOFLIVINGINTHEWOODSTHEYWERETOTALLYGOODFORNOTHINGWEARE,HOWEVER,NOTTHELESSOBLIGEDBYYOURKINDOFFER,THOUGHWEREFUSETOACCEPTIT;AND,TOSHOWOURGRATEFULSENSEOFIT,IFTHEGENTLEMENOFVIRGINIAWILLSENDUPADOZENOFTHEIRSONS,WEWILLTAKECAREOFTHEIREDUCATION,TEACHTHEMINALLWEKNOW,ANDMAKEMENOFTHEM31THEPASSAGEISABOUT________ATHETALKBETWEENTHEINDIANSANDTHEOFFICIALSBTHECOLLEGESOFNORTHERNPROVINCESCTHEEDUCATIONALVALUESOFTHEINDIANSDTHEPROBLEMSOFTHEAMERICANSINTHEMIDEIGHTEENTHCENTURY32THEINDIANS’CHIEFPURPOSEINWRITINGTHELETTERSEEMSTOBETO________APOLITELYREFUSEAFRIENDLYOFFERBEXPRESSTHEIROPINIONONEQUALTREATMENTCSHOWTHEIRPRIDEDDESCRIBEINDIANCUSTOMS33ACCORDINGTOTHELETTER,THEINDIANSBELIEVEDTHAT________AITWOULDBEBETTERFORTHEIRBOYSTORECEIVESOMESCHOOLINGBTHEYWEREBEINGINSULTEDBYTHEOFFERCTHEYKNEWMOREABOUTSCIENCETHANTHEOFFICIALSDTHEYHADABETTERWAYOFEDUCATINGYOUNGMEN34DIFFERENTFROMTHEOFFICIALS’VIEWOFEDUCATION,THEINDIANSTHOUGH________AYOUNGWOMENSHOULDALSOBEEDUCATEDBTHEYHADDIFFERENTGOALSOFEDUCATIONCTHEYTAUGHTDIFFERENTBRANCHESOFSCIENCEDTHEYSHOULDTEACHTHESONSOFTHEOFFICIALSFIRST35THETONEOFTHELETTERASAWHOLEISBESTDESCRIBEDAS________AANGRYBPLEASANTCPOLITEDINQUIRINGPASSAGEFOURQUESTIONS36TO40AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE7月07INWHATNOWSEEMSLIKETHEPREHISTORICTIMESOFCOMPUTERHISTORY,THEEARTH’SPOSTWARERA,THEREWASQUITEAWIDESPREADCONCERNTHATCOMPUTERSWOULDTAKEOVERTHEWORLDFROMMANONEDAYALREADYTODAY,LESSTHANFORTYYEARSLATER,ASCOMPUTERSARERELIEVINGUSOFMOREANDMOREOFTHEROUTINETASKSINBUSINESSANDINOURPERSONALLIVES,WEAREFACEDWITHALESSDRAMATICBUTALSOLESSFORESEENPROBLEMPEOPLETENDTOBEOVERTRUSTINGOFCOMPUTERSANDARERELUCTANTTOCHALLENGETHEIRAUTHORITYINDEED,THEYBEHAVEASIFTHEYWEREHARDLYAWARETHATWRONGBUTTONSMAYBEPUSHED,ORTHATACOMPUTERMAYSIMPLYMALFUNCTION失误OBVIOUSLY,THEREWOULDBENOPOINTININVESTINGINACOMPUTERIFYOUHADTOCHECKALLITSANSWERS,BUTPEOPLESHOULDALSORELYONTHEIROWNINTERNALCOMPUTERSANDCHECKTHEMACHINEWHENTHEYHAVETHEFEELINGTHATSOMETHINGHASGONEWRONGQUESTIONINGANDROUTINEDOUBLECHECKSMUSTCONTINUETOBEASMUCHAPARTOFGOODBUSINESSASTHEYWEREINPRECOMPUTERDAYSMAYBEEACHCOMPUTERSHOULDCOMEWITHTHEWARNINGFORALLTHEHELPTHISCOMPUTERMAYPROVIDE,ITSHOULDNOTBESEENASASUBSTITUTEFORFUNDAMENTALTHINKINGANDREASONINGSKILLS36WHATISTHEMAINPURPOSEOFTHISPASSAGEATOLOOKBACKTOTHEEARLYDAYSOFCOMPUTERSBTOEXPLAINWHATTECHNICALPROBLEMSMAYOCCURWITHCOMPUTERSCTODISCOURAGEUNNECESSARYINVESTMENTINCOMPUTERSDTOWARNAGAINSTAMENTALLYLAZYATTITUDETOWARDSCOMPUTERS37ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,THEINITIALCONCERNABOUTCOMPUTERSWASTHATTHEYMIGHT________ACHANGEOURPERSONALLIVESBTAKECONTROLOFTHEWORLDCCREATEUNFORESEENPROBLEMSDAFFECTOURBUSINESSES38THEPASSAGERECOMMENDSTHOSEDEALINGWITHCOMPUTERSTO________ABEREASONABLYDOUBTFULABOUTTHEMBCHECKALLTHEIRANSWERSCSUBSTITUTETHEMFORBASICTHINKINGDUSETHEMFORBUSINESSPURPOSESONLY39THEPASSAGESUGGESTSTHATTHEPRESENTDAYPROBLEMWITHREGARDTOCOMPUTERSIS________ACHALLENGINGBPSYCHOLOGICALCDRAMATICDFUNDAMENTAL40ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATTHEAUTHORWOULDDISAPPROVEOF________AINVESTMENTINCOMPUTERSBTHEUSEOFONE’SINTERNALCOMPUTERCDOUBLECHECKONCOMPUTERSDCOMPLETEDEPENDENCEONCOMPUTERSFORDECISIONMAKING1990年1月大学英语四级CET4真题PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE7月08OCEANOGRAPHYHASBEENDEFINEDAS“THEAPPLICATIONOFALLSCIENCESTOTHESTUDYOFTHESEA”BEFORETHENINETEENCENTURY,SCIENTISTSWITHANINTERESTINTHESEAWEREFEWANDFARBETWEENCERTAINLYNEWTONCONSIDEREDSOMETHEORETICALASPECTSOFITINHISWRITINGS,BUTHEWASRELUCTANTTOGOTOSEATOFURTHERHISWORKFORMOSTPEOPLETHESEAWASREMOTE,ANDWITHTHEEXCEPTIONOFEARLYINTERCONTINENTALTRAVELERSOROTHERSWHOEARNEDALIVINGFROMTHESEA,THEREWASLITTLEREASONTOASKMANYQUESTIONSABOUTIT,LETALONETOASKWHATLAYBENEATHTHESURFACETHEFIRSTTIMETHATQUESTION“WHATISATTHEBOTTOMOFTHEOCEANS”HADTOBEANSWEREDWITHANYCOMMERCIALCONSEQUENCEWASWHENTHELAYINGOFATELEGRAPHCABLEFROMEUROPETOAMERICAWASPROPOSEDTHEENGINEERSHADTOKNOWTHEDEPTHPROFILE起伏形状OFTHEROUTETOESTIMATETHELENGTHOFCABLETHATHADTOBEMANUFACTUREDITWASTOMAURYOFTHEUSNAVYTHATTHEATLANTICTELEGRAPHCOMPANYTURNED,IN1853,FORINFORMATIONONTHISMATTERINTHE1840S,MAURYHADBEENRESPONSIBLEFORENCOURAGINGVOYAGESDURINGWHICHSOUNDINGS测声WERETAKENTOINVESTIGATETHEDEPTHSOFTHENORTHATLANTICANDPACIFICOCEANSLATER,SOMEOFHISFINDINGSAROUSEDMUCHPOPULARINTERESTINHISBOOKTHEPHYSICALGEOGRAPHYOFTHESEATHECABLEWASLAID,BUTNOTUNTIL1866WASTHECONNECTIONMADEPERMANENTANDRELIABLEATTHEEARLYATTEMPTS,THECABLEFAILEDANDWHENITWASTAKENOUTFORREPAIRSITWASFOUNDTOBECOVEREDINLIVINGGROWTHS,AFACTWHICHDEFIEDCONTEMPORARYSCIENTIFICOPINIONTHATTHEREWASNOLIFEINTHEDEEPERPARTSOFTHESEAWITHINAFEWYEARSOCEANOGRAPHYWASUNDERWAYIN1872THOMSONLEDASCIENTIFICEXPEDITION考察,WHICHLASTEDFORFOURYEARSANDBROUGHTHOMETHOUSANDSOFSAMPLESFROMTHESEATHEIRCLASSIFICATIONANDANALYSISOCCUPIEDSCIENTISTSFORYEARSANDLEDTOAFIVEVOLUMEREPORT,THELASTVOLUMEBEINGPUBLISHEDIN189521THEPROPOSALTOLAYATELEGRAPHCABLEFROMEUROPETOAMERICAMADEOCEANOGRAPHICSTUDIESTAKEON________AANACADEMICASPECT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