97-12考研英语阅读理解部分.doc.doc97-12考研英语阅读理解部分.doc.doc

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考研英语阅读理解部分1997PASSAGE1ITWAS345INTHEMORNINGWHENTHEVOTEWASFINALLYTAKENAFTERSIXMONTHSOFARGUINGANDFINAL16HOURSOFHOTPARLIAMENTARYDEBATES,AUSTRALIASNORTHERNTERRITORYBECAMETHEFIRSTLEGALAUTHORITYINTHEWORLDTOALLOWDOCTORSTOTAKETHELIVESOFINCURABLYILLPATIENTSWHOWISHTODIETHEMEASUREPASSEDBYTHECONVINCINGVOTEOF15TO10ALMOSTIMMEDIATELYWORDFLASHEDONTHEINTERNETANDWASPICKEDUP,HALFAWORLDAWAY,BYJOHNHOFSESS,EXECUTIVEDIRECTOROFTHERIGHTTODIESOCIETYOFCANADAHESENTITONVIATHEGROUPSONLINESERVICE,DEATHNETSAYSHOFSESSWEPOSTEDBULLETINSALLDAYLONG,BECAUSEOFCOURSETHISISNTJUSTSOMETHINGTHATHAPPENEDINAUSTRALIAITSWORLDHISTORYTHEFULLIMPORTMAYTAKEAWHILETOSINKINTHENTRIGHTSOFTHETERMINALLYILLLAWHASLEFTPHYSICIANSANDCITIZENSALIKETRYINGTODEALWITHITSMORALANDPRACTICALIMPLICATIONSSOMEHAVEBREATHEDSIGHSOFRELIEF,OTHERS,INCLUDINGCHURCHES,RIGHTTOLIFEGROUPSANDTHEAUSTRALIANMEDICALASSOCIATION,BITTERLYATTACKEDTHEBILLANDTHEHASTEOFITSPASSAGEBUTTHETIDEISUNLIKELYTOTURNBACKINAUSTRALIAWHEREANAGINGPOPULATION,LIFEEXTENDINGTECHNOLOGYANDCHANGINGCOMMUNITYATTITUDESHAVEALLPLAYEDTHEIRPARTOTHERSTATESAREGOINGTOCONSIDERMAKINGASIMILARLAWTODEALWITHEUTHANASIAINTHEUSANDCANADA,WHERETHERIGHTTODIEMOVEMENTISGATHERINGSTRENGTH,OBSERVERSAREWAITINGFORTHEDOMINOESTOSTARTFALLINGUNDERTHENEWNORTHERNTERRITORYLAW,ANDADULTPATIENTCANREQUESTDEATHPROBABLYBYADEADLYINJECTIONORPILLTOPUTANENDTOSUFFERINGTHEPATIENTMUSTBEDIAGNOSEDASTERMINALLYILLBYTWODOCTORSAFTERACOOLINGOFFPERIODOFSEVENDAYS,THEPATIENTCANSIGNACERTIFICATEOFREQUESTAFTER48HOURSTHEWISHFORDEATHCANBEMETFORLLOYDNICKSON,A54YEAROLDDARWINRESIDENTSUFFERINGFROMLUNGCANCER,THENTRIGHTSOFTERMINALLYILLLAWMEANSHECANGETONWITHLIVINGWITHOUTTHEHAUNTINGFEAROFHISSUFFERINGATERRIFYINGDEATHFROMHISBREATHINGCONDITIONIMNOTAFRAIDOFDYINGFROMASPIRITUALPOINTOFVIEW,BUTWHATIWASAFRAIDOFWASHOWIDGO,BECAUSEIVEWATCHEDPEOPLEDIEINTHEHOSPITALFIGHTINGFOROXYGENANDCLAWINGATTHEIRMASKS,HESAYS1FROMTHESECONDPARAGRAPHWELEARNTHAT________ATHEOBJECTIONTOEUTHANASIAISSLOWTOCOMEINOTHERCOUNTRIESBPHYSICIANSANDCITIZENSSHARETHESAMEVIEWONEUTHANASIACCHANGINGTECHNOLOGYISCHIEFLYRESPONSIBLEFORTHEHASTYPASSAGEOFTHELAWDITTAKESTIMETOREALIZETHESIGNIFICANCEOFTHELAWSPASSAGE2WHENTHEAUTHORSAYSTHATOBSERVERSAREWAITINGFORTHEDOMINOESTOSTARTFALLING,HEMEANS________AOBSERVERSARETAKINGAWAITANDSEEATTITUDETOWARDSTHEFUTUREOFEUTHANASIABSIMILARBILLSARELIKELYTOBEPASSEDINTHEUS,CANADAANDOTHERCOUNTRIESCOBSERVERSAREWAITINGTOSEETHERESULTOFTHEGAMEOFDOMINOESDTHEEFFECTTAKINGPROCESSOFTHEPASSEDBILLMAYFINALLYCOMETOASTOP3WHENLLOYDNICKSONDIES,HEWILL________AFACEHISDEATHWITHCALMCHARACTERISTICOFEUTHANASIABEXPERIENCETHESUFFERINGOFALUNGCANCERPATIENTCHAVEANINTENSEFEAROFTERRIBLESUFFERINGDUNDERGOACOOLINGOFFPERIODOFSEVENDAYS4THEAUTHORSATTITUDETOWARDSEUTHANASIASEEMSTOBETHATOF________AOPPOSITIONBSUSPICIONCAPPROVALDINDIFFERENCE1997PASSAGE2AREPORTCONSISTENTLYBROUGHTBACKBYVISITORSTOTHEUSISHOWFRIENDLY,COURTEOUS,ANDHELPFULMOSTAMERICANSWERETOTHEMTOBEFAIR,THISOBSERVATIONISALSOFREQUENTLYMADEOFCANADAANDCANADIANS,ANDSHOULDBESTBECONSIDEREDNORTHAMERICANTHEREARE,OFCOURSE,EXCEPTIONSSMALLMINDEDOFFICIALS,RUDEWAITERS,ANDILLMANNEREDTAXIDRIVERSAREHARDLYUNKNOWNINTHEUSYETITISANOBSERVATIONMADESOFREQUENTLYTHATITDESERVESCOMMENTFORALONGPERIODOFTIMEANDINMANYPARTSOFTHECOUNTRY,ATRAVELERWASAWELCOMEBREAKINANOTHERWISEDULLEXISTENCEDULLNESSANDLONELINESSWERECOMMONPROBLEMSOFTHEFAMILIESWHOGENERALLYLIVEDDISTANTFROMONEANOTHERSTRANGERSANDTRAVELERSWEREWELCOMESOURCESOFDIVERSION,ANDBROUGHTNEWSOFTHEOUTSIDEWORLDTHEHARSHREALITIESOFTHEFRONTIERALSOSHAPEDTHISTRADITIONOFHOSPITALITYSOMEONETRAVELINGALONE,IFHUNGRY,INJURED,ORILL,OFTENHADNOWHERETOTURNEXCEPTTOTHENEARESTCABINORSETTLEMENTITWASNOTAMATTEROFCHOICEFORTHETRAVELERORMERELYACHARITABLEIMPULSEONTHEPARTOFTHESETTLERSITREFLECTEDTHEHARSHNESSOFDAILYLIFEIFYOUDIDNTTAKEINTHESTRANGERANDTAKECAREOFHIM,THEREWASNOONEELSEWHOWOULDANDSOMEDAY,REMEMBER,YOUMIGHTBEINTHESAMESITUATIONTODAYTHEREAREMANYCHARITABLEORGANIZATIONSWHICHSPECIALIZEINHELPINGTHEWEARYTRAVELERYET,THEOLDTRADITIONOFHOSPITALITYTOSTRANGERSISSTILLVERYSTRONGINTHEUS,ESPECIALLYINTHESMALLERCITIESANDTOWNSAWAYFROMTHEBUSYTOURISTTRAILSIWASJUSTTRAVELINGTHROUGH,GOTTALKINGWITHTHISAMERICAN,ANDPRETTYSOONHEINVITEDMEHOMEFORDINNERAMAZINGSUCHOBSERVATIONSREPORTEDBYVISITORSTOTHEUSARENOTUNCOMMON,BUTARENOTALWAYSUNDERSTOODPROPERLYTHECASUALFRIENDLINESSOFMANYAMERICANSSHOULDBEINTERPRETEDNEITHERASSUPERFICIALNORASARTIFICIAL,BUTASTHERESULTOFAHISTORICALLYDEVELOPEDCULTURALTRADITIONASISTRUEOFANYDEVELOPEDSOCIETY,INAMERICAACOMPLEXSETOFCULTURALSIGNALS,ASSUMPTIONS,ANDCONVENTIONSUNDERLIESALLSOCIALINTERRELATIONSHIPSAND,OFCOURSE,SPEAKINGALANGUAGEDOESNOTNECESSARILYMEANTHATSOMEONEUNDERSTANDSSOCIALANDCULTURALPATTERNSVISITORSWHOFAILTOTRANSLATECULTURALMEANINGSPROPERLYOFTENDRAWWRONGCONCLUSIONSFOREXAMPLE,WHENANAMERICANUSESTHEWORDFRIEND,THECULTURALIMPLICATIONSOFTHEWORDMAYBEQUITEDIFFERENTFROMTHOSEITHASINTHEVISITORSLANGUAGEANDCULTUREITTAKESMORETHANABRIEFENCOUNTERONABUSTODISTINGUISHBETWEENCOURTEOUSCONVENTIONANDINDIVIDUALINTERESTYET,BEINGFRIENDLYISAVIRTUETHATMANYAMERICANSVALUEHIGHLYANDEXPECTFROMBOTHNEIGHBORSANDSTRANGERS5INTHEEYESOFVISITORSFROMTHEOUTSIDEWORLD_______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