2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二十九)(附详解).doc.doc2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二十九)(附详解).doc.doc

收藏 分享

资源预览需要最新版本的Flash Player支持。
您尚未安装或版本过低,建议您

WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(二十九)(1)AMOSTPEOPLEAGREETHATTHEDIRECT,ASSERTIVE过分自信的AMERICANPERSONALITYISAVIRTUE,BUTITSOMETIMESSURPRISESFOREIGNERSINMANYCULTURES,RESPECTFOROLDERPEOPLEORTHOSEINPOSITIONSOFAUTHORITYKEEPSOTHERSFROMEXPRESSINGTHEIRTRUEFEELINGSBUTINTHEUS,CHILDRENOFTENARGUEWITHTHEIRPARENTS,STUDENTSMAYDISAGREEWITHTHEIRTEACHERS,ANDCITIZENSMAYEXPRESSOPPOSITIONTOTHEACTIONSOFTHEGOVERNMENTIFTHESOUPHASAFLYINITORTHEMEATISTOOTOUGHTOCHEW,THEDINERCANCOMPLAINTOTHEWAITER,IFTHEBOSSMAKESAMISTAKE,ANEMPLOYEEWILLPOLITELYPOINTITOUTWWWKS5UCOMSOMESTRAIGHTTALKABOUTTHEAMERICANCHARACTERMUSTINCLUDETHEADMISSIONTHATAMERICANSHAVETHEIRFAULTSTHEEXTREMELYCOMPETITIVENATUREOFAMERICANSISPROBABLYTHEIRWORSTFAULTOFCOURSE,COMPETITIONISN’TALWAYSBADASAMATTEROFFACT,ITPROMOTESEXCELLENCEBYENCOURAGINGINDIVIDUALSANDBUSINESSESTOTRYTODOTHEIRBESTBUTTHEDESIRETOGETAHEADOFOTHERSSOMETIMESCAUSESPEOPLETODOTHINGSTHATAREUNKINDANDEVENDISHONESTALSO,AMERICANSADMIREWHATISPRACTICAL,FAST,EFFICIENT,ANDFRESHSOMETIMESTHEYFAILTOUNDERSTANDANDAPPRECIATEPRACTICESTHATHAVEGREATERRESPECTFORMORETRADITIONAL,LEISURELYWAYSOFDOINGTHINGSONTHEOTHERHAND,PEOPLEFROMOTHERCULTURESMAYDISLIKETHEPRACTICAL,CHALLENGINGAMERICANLIFESTYLEDESPITECULTUREDIFFERENCES,MOSTFOREIGNERSGIVEAMERICANSCREDITFORTHEIRVIRTUESAMERICANSAREGENERALLYVIEWEDASFRIENDLY,ADAPTABLE,ENERGETIC,ANDKINDHEARTEDMOSTNEWCOMERSTOTHEUSLIKEAMERICANS,ANDTHEFEELINGISUSUALLYMUTUALPERHAPSTHEGREATESTAMERICANVIRTUEISADEEPINTERESTINNEWIDEASANDNEWPEOPLEINANATIONOFIMMIGRANTS,THEFOREIGNERDOESNOTREMAINANOUTSIDERFORLONG1INORDERTOSHOWTHERESPECTFOROLDERPEOPLE,WWWKS5UCOMAPEOPLEFROMSOMEOTHERCULTURESWILLALWAYSEXPRESSTHEIRTRUEFEELINGBPEOPLEFROMSOMEOTHERCULTURESMAYSOMETIMESHIDETHEIRTRUEFEELINGCAMERICANSALWAYSSHOWTHEIRTRUEFEELINGSDAMERICANSUSUALLYARGUEWITHTHEM2WHYISTHEEXTREMELYCOMPETITIVENATURECONSIDEREDASONEOFAMERICANFAULTSABECAUSEPEOPLEFROMOTHERCULTURESFEARCOMPETITIONBBECAUSEONLYAMERICANPEOPLEOWNITCBECAUSEITWILLMAKEPEOPLEFORGETLEISUREWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载DBECAUSEITMAYSOMETIMESURGEPEOPLETODOSOMETHINGBAD3ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATAAMERICANPEOPLEAREMORECRITICALOFEVERYTHINGTHANPEOPLEFROMOTHERCULTURESBTHEAUTHORBELIEVESTHATAMERICANCHARACTERHASMOREFAULTSTHANVIRTUESCTHEAUTHORADMIRESAMERICANVIRTUESASTHEYAREVIEWEDASCOMPETITIVEANDANTITRADITIONALDITISDIFFICULTFORNEWCOMERSTOGETONWITHAMERICANS4THEPASSAGEMAINLYTALKSABOUTAAMERICANVIRTUESBAMERICANCHARACTERSCAMERICANFAULTSDAMERICANLIFESTYLESBTHEUNITEDSTATESISTRYINGTOIMPROVEANEDUEATIONSYSTEMTHATPRODUCESMILLIONSOFCITIZENSWHOCANNOTREAD,WRITE,ORADDLETALONEFINDINGTHEIRCOUNTRYONAMAPINHISFIRSTSTATEOFUNIONMESSAGESINCETAKINGOFFICEAYEARAGO,PRESIDENTGEORGEBUSHPROMISEDTOWIPEOUTILLITERACY文盲INTHENEXTDECADEANDDECLAREDTHAT“BYTHEYEAR2008,USSTUDENTSMUSTBEFIRSTINTHEWORLDINMATHANDSCIENCEACHIEVEMENTS”THEYHAVEALONGWAYTOGOAMERICANSTUDENTSWEREPLACED14THINARECENTGENERALSCIENCETESTCONDUCTEDIN16COUNTRIESINASEPARATESURVEYOFCHEMISTRYSTUDENTS,THEUNITEDSTATESCAME12OUTOF14INAMATHEMATICSTEST,THEYWERELASTACCORDINGTOBUSH,THEREARE17MILLIONILLITERATESINTHISCOUNTRYOF245MILLIONPEOPLEOTHERESTIMATESPUTTHENUMBERASHIGHAS23MILLIONINPERCENTAGETERMS,THATRANKSTHEUNITEDSTATESALONGSIDENIEARAGUEANDBELOWCUBA“THISNATION,”BUSHSAIDINHISSTATEOFTHEUNIONADDRESS,“WILLNOTACCEPTANYTHINGBUTEXCELLENTINEDUCATION”BUSH,WHOHASDECLAREDHIMSELF“EDUCATIONPRESIDENT”,ANDSENIOROFFICALSOFHISADMINISTRATIONAREWARNINGTHATTHEUNITEDSTATESWILLBEUNABLETOCOMPETEINTHEWORLDWITHOUTANEDUCATEDWORKFORCEHOWTOINCREASEEDUCATIONALSTANDARDSISAMATTEROFDEBATEINACOUNTRYWHOSESCHOOLSHAVENOUNIFORMNATIONALCURRICULUMANDARESUBJECTTOACONFUSINGVARIETYOFSTATEANDLOCALCONTROLSMOSTEXPERTSTHINKTHATTHEPROBLEMLIESATTHEELEMENTARYANDHIGHSCHOOLLEVELSRATHERTHANWITHUNIVERSITIESBUTEVENTHEIRGRADUATESSHOWHUGEGAPSINGENERALKNOWLEDGEAMONGTHEROOTCAUSESMOSTFREQUENTLYMENTIONEDINEDUCATIONDEBATESISTHELOWRESPECTINWHICHUSSOCIETYHOLDSTEACHERSINCONTRASTTOJAPANANDGERMANYINJAPANTEACHINGISAPROFESSIONOFHIGHPRESTIGE威望ANDHIGHPAYINTHEUNITEDSTATESTEACHERSARENEARTHEBOTTOMOFTHESOCIETY5BY“THEUNITEDSTATESCAME12OUTOF14”PARA2,THEAUTHORMEANSATHEUNITEDSTATESRANKED12THNOT14THINTHECHEMISTRYTESTWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载BTHEUNITEDSTATESRANKED12THINTHECHEMISTRYTESTCONDUCTEDBY14COUNTRIESCTHEUNITEDSTATESPROGRESSEDFROM14THTO12THINTHECHEMISTRYTESTWWWKS5UCOMDTHEUNITEDSTATESRANKED12THINCHEMISTRYTESTAND14THINGENERALSCIENCETEST6THECAUSEOFLOWEDUCATIONALLEVELINAMERICAINCLUDETHEFOLLOWINGEXCEPTTHATASOMEPROBLEMSEXISTINPRIMARYANDSECONDARYEDUCATIONBSOCIETYKEEPSTEACHERSINLOWRESPECTCAMERICAPAYSMOREATTENTIONTOECONOMYINSTEADOFEDUCATIONDAMERICAHASNOUNIFORMNATIONALCOURSES7WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGEAPRESIDENTBUSHCARRIEDOUTHISPROMISEMADEINHISFIRSTSTATEOFUNIONMESSAGEBTHEEDUCATIONINJAPANANDGERMANYISINHIGHERLEVELCACCORDINGTOBUSH,THENUMBEROFILLITERATESACCOUNTSFOR9OFTHETOTALDTEACHERSINTHEUNITEDSTATESENJOYGOODTREATMENTANDGREATRESPECT8WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTHERIGHTORDEROFTHELEASTFIRSTOFTHEPERCENTOFILLITERATESAGERMANY,CUBA,NICARAGUABGERMANY,NICARAGUA,CUBACNICARAGUA,JAPAN,CUBADCUBA,JAPAN,NICARAGUACNEVERINTHEHISTORYOFSIERRALEONE’SELECTIONSHAVEWOMENSOACTIVELYENGAGEDINPOLITICSORCOMPETEDFORPARLIAMENTARYSEATSINTHEPAST,WOMENDIDTHEDANCINGANDCOOKINGFORELECTIONSCAMPAIGNINGINTHEMAY14THELECTIONS,WESAWOVER168WOMENCANDIDATESCOMPETITIVEFORPRESIDENT,VICEPRESIDENTANDPARLIAMENTARYSEATSONEWOULDTHINKTHATABOUT5OFTHESEWOMENWOULDHAVEEMERGEDASWINNERSBUTITWASNOTSO,BECAUSEOFOURCULTURALPERCEPTIONOFWOMENWENEEDTOCHANGEOURCULTUREWOMENCOULDBEACTIVEPOLITICIANSTHECHRISTIANSINTHEIROWNWAYENCOURAGEDWOMENTOBEPREACHERS传教士BUTTHEMUSLIMLEADERSSAYWOMENSHOULDNOTHEADFOROFFICIATING主持PRAYERSTHESAMEHAPPENSINCERTAINPARTSOFTHECOUNTRYWHEREWOMENARENOTPARTOFDECISIONTAKENINMALESECRETSOCIETIESTHISPREVENTSTHEMFROMACHIEVINGSOMEOFTHEIRGOALSASENIORHEADINONEOFTHEMINISTRIESTOLDMETHATSHEWASGETTINGPROBLEMSWITHSOMEOFHERSTAFFMEMBERSESPECIALLYTHEMALESTAFFMOSTWOMENTHATCOMEFROMTHENORTHERNPARTOFCOUNTRYEXPERIENCESUCHPROBLEMSSOMEMENARESAYINGTHATAWOMANCANNOTBETHEIRLEADERSOMEWOMENAREALSOPREJUDICEDAGAINSTTHEIRWOMENFOLKSINTHELASTELECTIONS,MOSTWOMANDIDNOTSUPPORTWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载THEIRCOLLEAGUESINSOMEPARTSOFTHECOUNTRY,BECAUSETHEYARENOTMEMBERSOFSECRETSOCIETIESTHEYWERENOTALLOWEDTOCONTESTFORCHIEFTAINCIES酋长或首领的位置HOWEVER,SIERRALEONESNOTWITHSTANDINGTHECULTURALPREJUDICEAGAINSTWOMENHASWITNESSEDWOMENOCCUPYINGHIGHPUBLICOFFICESTHEYHAVEBEENAPPOINTEDTOHEADCERTAINAREASSIERRALEONEISMOVINGFROMITSPASTCULTUREWENEEDACHANGEINOURCULTUREWOMENALLOVERTHEWORLDARERECOGNIZEDONEWAYORTHEOTHERASTHEYARENOWINVOLVEDINTHEUSEOFTECHNOLOGYWENOWSEEWOMENASAIRPILOTS,ANDTHEYEVENATTEMPTTOGOTOTRAVELINSPACE9INTHEPAST,WOMENINSIERRALEONEWWWKS5UCOMATOOKACTIVEPARTINPOLITICSBCONTESTEDFORPARLIAMENTARYSEATSCDANCEDANDCOOKEDFORTHEELECTIONCAMPAIGNINGDSHAREDTHEEQUALRIGHTSWITHMEN10ABOUT5OFTHEWOMENENGAGEDINELECTIONWOULDHAVESUCCEEDEDIFATHEREWERELESSPREJUDICEAGAINSTWOMENBLESSMUSLIMLEADERSHADOBJECTEDCMOREWOMENHADBEENENGAGEDINTHEELECTIONDMOREPREACHERSHADSUPPORTEDTHEM11THEAUTHORCONCLUDESTHATTHEWOMENCANDIDATESCAN’TWINTHECOMPETITIVEVOTEBECAUSEAWOMENISMORESUITABLEFORTHEDANCINGANDCOOKINGJOBBWOMENCANDIDATESCAN’TGETTHESUPPORTOFTHEIRFOLKSCWOMENPREJUDICESTILLEXISTSINTODAY’SSOCIETYDWOMENARENOTCAPABLEENOUGHTOBEACHIEFTAIN12THEMAINIDEAOFTHEPASSAGEISATHEPREJUDICEAGAINSTWOMENINVARIOUSFIELDSBWOMENINSIERRALEONE,STRIVINGFORTHEIRPOLITICALRIGHTSCWOMENINSIERRALEONE,CHALLENGEFORMEN’SSTATUSDWOMENINSIERRALEONE,BEINGINVOLVEDINPOLITICS答案解析1B文章首段第二句提到“INMANYCULTURESRESPECTFOROLDERPEOPLEORTHOSEINPOSTIONSOFAUTHORITYKEEPSOTHERSFROMEXPRESSINGTHEIRTRUEFEELINGS”由此可知出于对长者尊敬,许多国家的人们往往不会表达自己的真实感受,故选项B正确2D文章第二段第五句话指出“BUTTHEDESIRETOGETAHEADOFOTHERSSOMETIMESCAUSESPEOPLEUNKINDANDEVENDISHONEST”,也就是说,极端的竞争性有时会使人误入歧途,由此可知D正确答案。3A文章首段中几个例子论证了美国人直率的性格,从中我们不难推断出,美国人比其他外国人更善于批WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载判,故A为正确答案。本文论述了美国人性格的三个方面,其中坦率和对新事物的兴趣是作者赞赏的,都被视为VIRTUE,故排除B,第三段第二句话指出“AMERICANSAREGENERALLYVIEWEDASFRIENDLY,ADAPTABLE,ENERGETIC,ANDKINKHEARTED”,由此可排除C;根据最后一段内容可推断出,美国人并不难相处,所以选项D也不对。4B本文主要阐述了美国人的性格,作者在第二段第二句中提到“THEEXTREMELYCOMPETITIVENATURETHEIRWORSTFAULT”,以及第二段倒数第二句也提到“SOMETIMESTHEYFAILTOUNDERSTANDANDAPPRECIATEPRACTICES”,由此可知文章并非全在说美国人的优点,故可排除A;文章虽在第二段两处提到美国人的缺点,但不是主要内容,故C也可排除;选项D显然不对WWWKS5UCOM5B此处“12OUTOF14”是指“在多少里面排名第几,占第几位”,所以在此处意思应为在14个国家的学生进行的化学测试中,美国学生的成绩排第12位,由此可知B为正确答案。6C文章第三段提到“WHOSESCHOOLSHAVENOUNIFORMNATIONALCURRICULUM”,“THEPROBLEMLIESATTHEELEMENTARYANDHIGHSCHOOLLEVELS”以及“AMONGTHEROOTCAUSESMOSTFREQUENTLYMENTIONEDTHELOWRESPECTINWHICHUSSOCIETYHOLDSTEACHERS”。由此可知A、B和D三项均是教育水平低的原因,选项C未在文中提及,故为正确答案。7B第二段开头指出,布什总统曾许诺要在接下来的十年里消除文盲,文章后面指出“ACCORDINGTOBUSH,THEREAREL7MILLIONILLITERATESINTHISCOUNTRYOF245MILLIONPEOPLETHEYHAVEALONGWAYTOGO”,由此可知,布什并没有实现诺言,故选项A不对,根据布什的统计,文盲比例应为17/245约为7%,而不是9%,故排除C,根据文章最后一句话可知在美国,老师的地位几乎在最底层,由此可排除D;根据文章最后一段倒数第三句可推断出B为正确答案。8A题目要求按文盲比率由低到高的顺序排列。根据文章倒数第三句话可知在德国,教师地位比较高,由此可推断出其教育水平高,文盲也较少,以及第二段中间部分的“INPERCENTAGETERMS,THATRANKTHEUNITEDSTATESALONGSIDENICARAGUAANDBELOWCUBA”,也就是说,美国和尼加拉瓜并列,位于古巴之后,由此可判断出德国的文盲率最低,其次是古巴,然后是尼加拉瓜,故A为正确选项。9C根据文章首段第二句“INTHEPAST,WOMENDIDTHEDANCINGANDCOOKINGFORELECTIONSCAMPAIGNING可知,选项C与文意相符,故为正确答案。110A根据文章第二段前两句可知由于我们对女性的文化偏见,女性中大多数的人会脱颖而出是不可能的。第三段首句指出,女性无法成为男性社会中作决定的部分。以及第四段首句提到的女性对同性也存有偏见。由上述内容可推断出,如果对女性少一些偏见,那么就会有许多女性在选举中获得成功,故A为正确答案。穆斯林领导者也存在对女性的反对意见,但与本题题意不符,故可排除;C和D均未在文中提到。WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载11C作者在第二段中指出作者不看好女性竞选者,在第三、四段中说明性别歧视的各个方面,而最后一段中作者指出WENEEDACHANGEINCULTURE。综上,不难推出本题的答案为C。A是人们过去对女性的看法,B只是文中提到一个方面,以偏慨全,D显然与文意相悖。12D通读全文可知,本文主要讲的是有关女性从政的,由此可知D为最佳选项。文中主要讲了女性在政治方面受到的歧视,并没有涉及各个领域,故排除A、B和C。WWWKS5UCOM(2)AEVERYDAY25MILLIONUSCHILDRENRIDESCHOOLBUSESTHESAFETYRECORDFORTHESEBUSESISMUCHBETTERTHANFORPASSENGERCARS;BUTNEVERTHELESS,ABOUT10CHILDRENAREKILLEDEACHYEARRIDINGONLARGESCHOOLBUSES,ANDNEARLYFOURTIMESTHATNUMBERAREKILLEDOUTSIDEBUSESINTHELOADINGZONESBYANDLARGE,HOWEVER,THENATION’SSCHOOLCHILDRENARETRANSPORTEDTOANDFROMSCHOOLSAFETYEVENTHOUGHTHENUMBEROFSCHOOLBUSACCIDENTSISNOTLARGE,THESAFETYOFCHILDRENISALWAYSOFINTENSEPUBLICCONCERNWHILEEVERYONEWANTSTOSEECHILDRENTRANSPORTEDSAFELY,PEOPLEAREDIVIDEDABOUTWHATNEEDSTOBEDONEPARTICULARLYWHETHERSEATBELTSSHOULDBECOMPULSORYPEOPLEINFAVOUROFSEATBELTSONSCHOOLBUSESMANYOFTHEMPARENTSA
编号:201402251427243448    类型:共享资源    大小:126.00KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2014-02-25
  
5
关 键 词:
英语
  人人文库网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
关于本文
本文标题:2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二十九)(附详解).doc.doc
链接地址:http://www.renrendoc.com/p-263448.html

当前资源信息

4.0
 
(2人评价)
浏览:12次
BCEAAEE88296385EDA2815A44814E61A上传于2014-02-25

官方联系方式

客服手机:17625900360   
2:不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器下载   
3:不支持QQ浏览器下载,请用其他浏览器   
4:下载后的文档和图纸-无水印   
5:文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

相关搜索

精品推荐

相关阅读

人人文库
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

[email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5