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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二十九)(附详解).doc.doc2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(二十九)(附详解).doc.doc -- 5 元

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www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(二十九)(1)AMostpeopleagreethatthedirect,assertive过分自信的Americanpersonalityisavirtue,butitsometimessurprisesforeigners.Inmanycultures,respectforolderpeopleorthoseinpositionsofauthoritykeepsothersfromexpressingtheirtruefeelings.ButintheU.S,childrenoftenarguewiththeirparents,studentsmaydisagreewiththeirteachers,andcitizensmayexpressoppositiontotheactionsofthegovernment.Ifthesouphasaflyinitorthemeatistootoughtochew,thedinercancomplaintothewaiter,ifthebossmakesamistake,anemployeewillpolitelypointitout.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mSomestraighttalkabouttheAmericancharactermustincludetheadmissionthatAmericanshavetheirfaults.TheextremelycompetitivenatureofAmericansisprobablytheirworstfault.Ofcourse,competitionisntalwaysbad.Asamatteroffact,itpromotesexcellencebyencouragingindividualsandbusinessestotrytodotheirbest.Butthedesiretogetaheadofotherssometimescausespeopletodothingsthatareunkindandevendishonest.Also,Americansadmirewhatispractical,fast,efficient,andfresh.Sometimestheyfailtounderstandandappreciatepracticesthathavegreaterrespectformoretraditional,leisurelywaysofdoingthings.Ontheotherhand,peoplefromotherculturesmaydislikethepractical,challengingAmericanlifestyle.Despiteculturedifferences,mostforeignersgiveAmericanscreditfortheirvirtues.Americansaregenerallyviewedasfriendly,adaptable,energetic,andkindhearted.MostnewcomerstotheU.S.likeAmericans,andthefeelingisusuallymutual.PerhapsthegreatestAmericanvirtueisadeepinterestinnewideasandnewpeople.Inanationofimmigrants,theforeignerdoesnotremainanoutsiderforlong.1.Inordertoshowtherespectforolderpeople,..w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.peoplefromsomeothercultureswillalwaysexpresstheirtruefeelingB.peoplefromsomeotherculturesmaysometimeshidetheirtruefeelingC.AmericansalwaysshowtheirtruefeelingsD.Americansusuallyarguewiththem2.WhyistheextremelycompetitivenatureconsideredasoneofAmericanfaultsA.Becausepeoplefromotherculturesfearcompetition.B.BecauseonlyAmericanpeopleownit.C.Becauseitwillmakepeopleforgetleisure.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.Becauseitmaysometimesurgepeopletodosomethingbad.3.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat..A.AmericanpeoplearemorecriticalofeverythingthanpeoplefromotherculturesB.theauthorbelievesthatAmericancharacterhasmorefaultsthanvirtuesC.theauthoradmiresAmericanvirtuesastheyareviewedascompetitiveandantitraditionalD.itisdifficultfornewcomerstogetonwithAmericans4.Thepassagemainlytalksabout..A.AmericanvirtuesB.AmericancharactersC.AmericanfaultsD.AmericanlifestylesBTheUnitedStatesistryingtoimproveanedueationsystemthatproducesmillionsofcitizenswhocannotread,write,oraddletalonefindingtheircountryonamap.InhisfirstStateofUnionmessagesincetakingofficeayearago,PresidentGeorgeBushpromisedtowipeoutilliteracy文盲inthenextdecadeanddeclaredthatbytheyear2008,U.Sstudentsmustbefirstintheworldinmathandscienceachievements.Theyhavealongwaytogo.Americanstudentswereplaced14thinarecentgeneralsciencetestconductedin16countries.Inaseparatesurveyofchemistrystudents,theUnitedStatescame12outof14.Inamathematicstest,theywerelast.AccordingtoBush,thereare17millionilliteratesinthiscountryof245millionpeople.Otherestimatesputthenumberashighas23million.Inpercentageterms,thatrankstheUnitedStatesalongsideNiearagueandbelowCuba.Thisnation,BushsaidinhisStateoftheUnionaddress,willnotacceptanythingbutexcellentineducation.Bush,whohasdeclaredhimselfEducationpresident,andseniorofficalsofhisadministrationarewarningthattheUnitedStateswillbeunabletocompeteintheworldwithoutaneducatedworkforce.Howtoincreaseeducationalstandardsisamatterofdebateinacountrywhoseschoolshavenouniformnationalcurriculumandaresubjecttoaconfusingvarietyofstateandlocalcontrols.Mostexpertsthinkthattheproblemliesattheelementaryandhighschoollevelsratherthanwithuniversitiesbuteventheirgraduatesshowhugegapsingeneralknowledge.AmongtherootcausesmostfrequentlymentionedineducationdebatesisthelowrespectinwhichU.S.societyholdsteachersincontrasttoJapanandGermany.InJapanteachingisaprofessionofhighprestige威望andhighpay.IntheUnitedStatesteachersarenearthebottomofthesociety.5.BytheUnitedStatescame12outof14Para.2,theauthormeans.A.theUnitedStatesranked12thnot14thinthechemistrytestwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载B.theUnitedStatesranked12thinthechemistrytestconductedby14countriesC.theUnitedStatesprogressedfrom14thto12thinthechemistrytestw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mD.theUnitedStatesranked12thinchemistrytestand14thingeneralsciencetest6.ThecauseofloweducationallevelinAmericaincludethefollowingEXCEPTthat.A.someproblemsexistinprimaryandsecondaryeducationB.societykeepsteachersinlowrespectC.AmericapaysmoreattentiontoeconomyinsteadofeducationD.Americahasnouniformnationalcourses7.WhichofthefollowingstatementscanbeinferredfromthepassageA.PresidentBushcarriedouthispromisemadeinhisfirstStateofUnionmessage.B.TheeducationinJapanandGermanyisinhigherlevel.C.AccordingtoBush,thenumberofilliteratesaccountsfor9ofthetotal.D.TeachersintheUnitedStatesenjoygoodtreatmentandgreatrespect.8.WhichofthefollowingistherightorderoftheleastfirstofthepercentofilliteratesA.Germany,Cuba,Nicaragua.B.Germany,Nicaragua,Cuba.C.Nicaragua,Japan,Cuba.D.Cuba,Japan,Nicaragua.CNeverinthehistoryofSierraLeoneselectionshavewomensoactivelyengagedinpoliticsorcompetedforparliamentaryseats.Inthepast,womendidthedancingandcookingforelectionscampaigning.IntheMay14thelections,wesawover168womencandidatescompetitiveforPresident,VicePresidentandParliamentaryseats.Onewouldthinkthatabout5ofthesewomenwouldhaveemergedaswinners.Butitwasnotso,becauseofourculturalperceptionofwomen.Weneedtochangeourculture.Womencouldbeactivepoliticians.TheChristiansintheirownwayencouragedwomentobepreachers传教士buttheMuslimleaderssaywomenshouldnotheadforofficiating主持prayers.Thesamehappensincertainpartsofthecountrywherewomenarenotpartofdecisiontakeninmalesecretsocieties.Thispreventsthemfromachievingsomeoftheirgoals.Aseniorheadinoneoftheministriestoldmethatshewasgettingproblemswithsomeofherstaffmembersespeciallythemalestaff.MostwomenthatcomefromtheNorthernpartofcountryexperiencesuchproblems.Somemenaresayingthatawomancannotbetheirleader.Somewomenarealsoprejudicedagainsttheirwomenfolks.Inthelastelections,mostwomandidnotsupportwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载theircolleagues.Insomepartsofthecountry,becausetheyarenotmembersofsecretsocietiestheywerenotallowedtocontestforchieftaincies酋长或首领的位置.However,SierraLeonesnotwithstandingtheculturalprejudiceagainstwomenhaswitnessedwomenoccupyinghighpublicoffices.Theyhavebeenappointedtoheadcertainareas.SierraLeoneismovingfromitspastculture.Weneedachangeinourculture.Womenallovertheworldarerecognizedonewayortheotherastheyarenowinvolvedintheuseoftechnology.Wenowseewomenasairpilots,andtheyevenattempttogototravelinspace.9.Inthepast,womeninSierraLeone..w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mA.tookactivepartinpoliticsB.contestedforparliamentaryseatsC.dancedandcookedfortheelectioncampaigningD.sharedtheequalrightswithmen10.About5ofthewomenengagedinelectionwouldhavesucceededif..A.therewerelessprejudiceagainstwomenB.lessMuslimleadershadobjectedC.morewomenhadbeenengagedintheelectionD.morepreachershadsupportedthem11.Theauthorconcludesthatthewomencandidatescantwinthecompetitivevotebecause.A.womenismoresuitableforthedancingandcookingjobB.womencandidatescantgetthesupportoftheirfolksC.womenprejudicestillexistsintodayssocietyD.womenarenotcapableenoughtobeachieftain12.Themainideaofthepassageis.A.theprejudiceagainstwomeninvariousfieldsB.womeninSierraLeone,strivingfortheirpoliticalrightsC.womeninSierraLeone,challengeformensstatusD.womeninSierraLeone,beinginvolvedinpolitics答案解析1.B文章首段第二句提到Inmanyculturesrespectforolderpeopleorthoseinpostionsofauthoritykeepsothersfromexpressingtheirtruefeelings.由此可知出于对长者尊敬,许多国家的人们往往不会表达自己的真实感受,故选项B正确.2.D文章第二段第五句话指出Butthedesiretogetaheadofotherssometimescausespeople...unkindandevendishonest,也就是说,极端的竞争性有时会使人误入歧途,由此可知D正确答案。3.A文章首段中几个例子论证了美国人直率的性格,从中我们不难推断出,美国人比其他外国人更善于批www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载判,故A为正确答案。本文论述了美国人性格的三个方面,其中坦率和对新事物的兴趣是作者赞赏的,都被视为virtue,故排除B,第三段第二句话指出Americansaregenerallyviewedasfriendly,adaptable,energetic,andkinkhearted,由此可排除C根据最后一段内容可推断出,美国人并不难相处,所以选项D也不对。4.B本文主要阐述了美国人的性格,作者在第二段第二句中提到Theextremelycompetitivenature...theirworstfault,以及第二段倒数第二句也提到Sometimestheyfailtounderstandandappreciatepractices...,由此可知文章并非全在说美国人的优点,故可排除A文章虽在第二段两处提到美国人的缺点,但不是主要内容,故C也可排除选项D显然不对.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m5.B此处12outof14是指在多少里面排名第几,占第几位,所以在此处意思应为在14个国家的学生进行的化学测试中,美国学生的成绩排第12位,由此可知B为正确答案。6.C文章第三段提到whoseschoolshavenouniformnationalcurriculum,theproblemliesattheelementaryandhighschoollevels...以及Amongtherootcausesmostfrequentlymentioned...thelowrespectinwhichU.S.societyholdsteachers。由此可知A、B和D三项均是教育水平低的原因,选项C未在文中提及,故为正确答案。7.B第二段开头指出,布什总统曾许诺要在接下来的十年里消除文盲,文章后面指出AccordingtoBush,therearel7millionilliteratesinthiscountryof245millionpeople...Theyhavealongwaytogo,由此可知,布什并没有实现诺言,故选项A不对,根据布什的统计,文盲比例应为17/245约为7%,而不是9%,故排除C,根据文章最后一句话可知在美国,老师的地位几乎在最底层,由此可排除D根据文章最后一段倒数第三句可推断出B为正确答案。8.A题目要求按文盲比率由低到高的顺序排列。根据文章倒数第三句话可知在德国,教师地位比较高,由此可推断出其教育水平高,文盲也较少,以及第二段中间部分的inpercentageterms,thatranktheUnitedStatesalongsideNicaraguaandbelowCuba.,也就是说,美国和尼加拉瓜并列,位于古巴之后,由此可判断出德国的文盲率最低,其次是古巴,然后是尼加拉瓜,故A为正确选项。9.C根据文章首段第二句Inthepast,womendidthedancingandcookingforelectionscampaigning可知,选项C与文意相符,故为正确答案。110.A根据文章第二段前两句可知由于我们对女性的文化偏见,女性中大多数的人会脱颖而出是不可能的。第三段首句指出,女性无法成为男性社会中作决定的部分。以及第四段首句提到的女性对同性也存有偏见。由上述内容可推断出,如果对女性少一些偏见,那么就会有许多女性在选举中获得成功,故A为正确答案。穆斯林领导者也存在对女性的反对意见,但与本题题意不符,故可排除C和D均未在文中提到。www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载11.C作者在第二段中指出作者不看好女性竞选者,在第三、四段中说明性别歧视的各个方面,而最后一段中作者指出weneedachangeinculture。综上,不难推出本题的答案为C。A是人们过去对女性的看法,B只是文中提到一个方面,以偏慨全,D显然与文意相悖。12.D通读全文可知,本文主要讲的是有关女性从政的,由此可知D为最佳选项。文中主要讲了女性在政治方面受到的歧视,并没有涉及各个领域,故排除A、B和C。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m(2)AEveryday25millionU.S.childrenrideschoolbuses.Thesafetyrecordforthesebusesismuchbetterthanforpassengercarsbutnevertheless,about10childrenarekilledeachyearridingonlargeschoolbuses,andnearlyfourtimesthatnumberarekilledoutsidebusesintheloadingzones.Byandlarge,however,thenationsschoolchildrenaretransportedtoandfromschoolsafety.Eventhoughthenumberofschoolbusaccidentsisnotlarge,thesafetyofchildrenisalwaysofintensepublicconcern.Whileeveryonewantstoseechildrentransportedsafely,peoplearedividedaboutwhatneedstobedoneparticularlywhetherseatbeltsshouldbecompulsory.Peopleinfavourofseatbeltsonschoolbusesmanyofthemparentsandmedicalorganizationsarguethatseatbeltsarenecessarynotonlytoreducefatalityandinjury,butalsototeachchildrenlessonsabouttheimportanceofusingthemroutinelyinanymovingvehicle.Asidebenefit,theypointout,isthatseatbeltshelpkeepchildrenintheirseats,awayfromthebusdriver.PeoplewhoobjecttoseatbeltinstallationsuggestthatchildrenarealreadywellprotectedbytheschoolbusesthatfollowtheNationHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministrationsNHTSAsafetyrequirementssetin1977.Theyalsobelievethatmanychildrenwontwearseatbeltsanyway,andthatmaydamagethebeltsorusethemasweaponstohurtotherchildren.AnewResearchcouncilreportonschoolbussafetysuggestthattherearealternatesafetydevicesandproceduresthatmaybemoreeffectiveandlessexpensive.Forexample,thestudycommitteesuggestedthatraisingseatbacksfourinchesmayhavethesamesafetyeffectivenessasseatbelts.ThereportsponsoredbytheDepartmentoftransportationattherequestofCongress,reviewsseatbeltsextensivelywhiletakingabroaderlookatsafetyinandaroundschoolbuses.1.Accordingtothepassage,theschoolbusis.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载A.thebusofferedbytheschoolanddifferentfromthepublicbusB.thebusthathasnodifferencefromthepublicbusC.thebusthatisdrivenbythestudentsD.thebusthatisnotsafe2.Accordingtothepassage,whohasthegreatestdegreeofcontroloftheschoolbusessafetyA.AnewResearchCouncil.B.TheDepartmentofTransportation.C.TheMedicalOrganization.D.NationalHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministration.3.Itmaybeinferredfromthispassagethat..A.manyoftheopponents反对者ofseatbeltinstallationareparentsandofficialsoftheDepartmentofTransportationB.proposalsofseatbeltsonschoolbuseswouldbeseriouslyconsideredC.analternatesafetydeviceraisingseatbacksfourinchesmaybetakenintoconsiderationD.TheDepartmentofTransportationmayeithertaketheideaofseatbeltsorothermeasureswhenitreviewsthewholesituationw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m4.Thetitlebelowwhichbestexpressestheideaofthepassageis.A.MakingSchoolBusesEvenSaferforChildrenB.SeatBeltsNeededonSchoolBusesC.AlternateSafetyDevicesandProceduresD.SafetyinandaroundSchoolBusesBWhiledrunkendrivingmaybeonthedecline,trafficsafetyexpertsremainpuzzledoverhowtodealwithanotheralcoholrelateddangerdrunkenpedestrains.Pedestriansstruckandkilledbycarsoftenareextremelydrunk.Infact,theyareintoxicatedmorefrequentlyandwithhigherbloodalcohollevelsthandrunkendriverswhoarekilledinaccidents,variousstudieshaveshown.Fortypercentofadultpedestriansinvolvedinfatalcrasheshaveabloodalcohollevelofatleast0.10whichbylawinmoststatessignifiesintoxicationcomparedtoonly25percentofdriversindeadlyaccidents,accordingtorecentfederaldata.Sometypesofpedestrainaccidentshavebeendecliningnationally,especiallythoseinvolvingchildren,butthenumberofadultpedestrianswhoaredrunkwhenkilledintraffichasremainedrelativelysteadyat2500ayear.ThetotalnumberofpedestrianskilledannuallyinU.S.trafficaccidentsisatleast7000,oroneofeverysevenhighwayaccidentsresultingindeath.Weredealinghere,wethink,withaveryseveredrinkingproblemthatleadstoaseverehighwaysafetywww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载problem,saidRichardBlomberg,presidentofDunlapandAssociatesInc,inNorwalk,Coon.Blomberg,whoseconsultingcompanyfoundaveryhighrateofalcoholinvolvementinacontrolledstudyofpedestrianaccidentsinNewOrleans,wasamongseveralresearcherswhospokeonthetopicattheannualmeetingoftheResearchcouncilsTransportationResearchBoardTRBinWashingtoninJanuary.Pedestrianaccidentshavenotreceivedenoughattentioninthepast,accordingtoKayColpitts,whochairstheboardscommitteeonpedestrians.Fewmethodsexisttomonitorwalkinghabits,shesaid,andresearchershavebeenmystifiedabouthowtopreventdisasters.5.WhichofthefollowingwouldbethebesttitleforthepassageA.TrafficSafety.B.DrunkenDrivers.C.DrunkenPedestrianAccidents.D.ASevereHighwaySafetyproblem.6.Amongthecausesofwalkersaccidents,themostseriousproblemis.A.longdelaysintrafficsignalsthatmaymakepeoplecrossstreetswithoutpayingattentiontotrafficrulesB.alcoholC.alackofadultkeepingeyesonmanychildreninvolvedinaccidentsD.formerdrunkendriverswhoselicensesarenotallowedtouseforatime7.Accordingtorecentfederaldata,drunkendriverswithanover0.10bloodalcohollevelindeadlyaccidents.A.are15percentlessthandrunkenadultwalkerswiththesamelevelB.are2500ayearC.areatleast7000inUStrafficaccidentsD.makeuponeseventhofhighwayaccidents8.Accordingtothepassage,whatisBlombergA.Aresearcher.B.Aspecialistintrafficsafety.C.Aclerkofaconsultingcompany.D.Agovernmentofficial答案解析1.A2.D此题是问谁最有权控制学校班车的安全。文章第四段讲道NationalHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministration在1977年制定的安全措施很好地保护了校车中孩子们的安全。据此可以推知,该机构www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载有权就校车安全问题制定相关规定,它是最有权威的,所以答案应该是D。A属非官方,B指交通部,但文中只指出它能review,并未指出或暗示它能控制C不属于交通方面,故不对。3.B文章最后一段讲到,在国会的要求下,交通部发起的这份调查报告要求详尽地考察座位安全带问题,同时要广泛调查校车内部以及周围的安全环境。因此选择B。但是文章并未说明交通部要采取什么措施,所以D不确切。第三段说,家长是使用安全带的支持者,所以A不对。第五段只指出有一种替代方法,但并未指出它会被考虑执行。所以C不对。4.A通篇文章讲的是学生乘坐校车的安全问题。许多人赞成并要求采取更安全的措施。所以答案应该选A。C较具干扰性,它虽然也涉及到bussafety,但不是作者所要表达的最直接的愿望,而且文章也并未就具体的措施做出定夺。B太片面,因为文章不只讨论了安全带问题。D的说法太泛太空,不具体。5.C本文主题是讲解醉酒行人出交通事故的问题,所以答案为C。A为交通安全,虽然文章有所涉及,但涉及面太广B为喝醉的司机,文章虽提到.但是并非文章讲述对象D为严重的公路安全问题,也犯了涉及面大广的错误。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m6.B见文章第二段第一句Pedestriansstruckandkilledbycarsoftenareextremelydrunken.说明醉酒是主要原因,故答案为B。7.A第二段中第三句提到在致命车祸中成年行人喝醉的占40,而司机酒醉的只有25,402515。与A的意思一致。8.A此题可从文中第五段找到答案。每年1月,调查委员会在华盛顿召开交通研究会议,Blombery是在会上发言的研究人员之一。他的咨询公司在新奥尔良地区行人事故的对比研究中发现,酒精肇事在行人交通事故中的比率非常高所以Blomberg是一位研究人员。
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