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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十八)(附详解).doc.doc2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十八)(附详解).doc.doc -- 5 元

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www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十八)(一)DoesadrinkadaykeepheartattacksawayOverthepast20years,numerousstudieshavefoundthatmoderatealcoholconsumption,say,oneortwobeers,glassesofwineorcocktailsdailyhelpstopreventcoronaryheartdisease.LastweekareportintheNewEnglandJournalofMedicineaddedstrongnewevidenceinsuportofthattheory.Moreimportant,theworkprovidedthefirstsolidindictionofhowalcoholworkstoprotecttheheart.Inthestudy,researchersfromBostonsBrighamandWomensHospitalandHarvardMedicalSchoolcomparedthedrinkinghabitsof340menandwomenwhohadsufferedrecentheartattackwiththoseofhealthypeopleofthesameageandsex.Thescientistsfoundthatpeoplewhosiponetothreedrinksadayareabouthalfaslikelytosufferheartattacksasnondrinkersare.Theapparentsourceoftheprotectionthosewhodrankalcoholhadhigherbloodlevelsofhighdensitylipoproteins,thesocalledgoodcholesterol,whichisknowntopreventheartdisease.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mAsevidencehasmounted,somedoctorshavebegunrecommendingadailydrinkforpatientsofheartdiseases.Butmostphysiciansarenotreadytoreommendaregularhappyhourforeveryone.Therisksofteetotalling绝对戒酒arenothingcomparedwiththedangersoftoomuchalcohol,includinghighbloodpressure,strokesandlivertroublesnottomentionviolentbehaviourandtrafficaccidents.Moreover,somestudiessuggestthatevenmoderatedrinkingmayincreasetheincidenceofbreastandcoloncancer.Untilthereisevidencethatthebenefitsofadailydoseofalcoholoutweightherisks,mostpeoplewontbeabletotakeadoctorsprescriptiontotheneighbourhoodbarorliquorstore.1.Themedicalarticlequotedinthefirstparagraphindicates.A.thewayinwhichalcoholcanhelptheheartB.howacoupleofcocktailsdailycanstopheartproblemsC.whyalcoholicdrinksaredangeroustooneshealthD.thatreportsontheadvantagesofalcoholweremisled2.Experimentsshowedthatnondrinkershad.A.largeramountsofgoodcholesterolB.smalleramountsofgoodcholesterolC.higherbloodpressureD.lowerbloodpressurewww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3.Accordingtothepassage,moderatedrinking.A.isrecommendedbymostdoctorsforheartpatientsB.shouldbeallowedonprescriptionC.isstillnotmedicallyadvisableD.isnotrelatedtoliverproblems4.Themainthemeofthispassageis.A.thechangeinrecentdrinkinghabitsB.theconnectionbetweencancerandalcoholC.whethermoderatedrinkersoutlivenondrinkersD.whetheralcoholmaybegoodforoneshealthw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m(二)Acrosstheglobe,singleparenthomesareontherise.IntheUS,the2000census人口普查showed24.8million,ornearly24percentofthenations105.5millionhouseholds,weretraditionaltwoparenthomes.Bycomparison,9.8millionhouseholds,or9percentofallUShouseholdswereheadedbyanadultraisingachildalone.The1990censusshowed26percentofhomeswereledbyamarriedmotherandfather,and8percentofhomeswereledbyasingleparent.Similarincreasesoccurredinothercountries.IntheUK,loneparenthomesincreasedfrom3.3percentin1990to5.5percentin1999.SingleparenthouseholdsinAustraliarosefrom5.8percentin1990to7.6percentin1999.Belgiumsawtheincreasefrom1.8percentto2.7percentduringthesameperiodoftime.Thesecountriestendtohavegreateracceptanceofthesingleparentbecausetherearefewernearbyfamilymemberstodisapprove,Riche,aCensusBureaudirector,said.JustasintheUS,thosechangesraisednewquestionsabouthowinvolvedgovenmentshouldbeinhelpingsingleparentfamilies.Someresearchsuggestschildrenraisedintwoparentfamiliesarebetteroffthanthosewhodependonone.Thepositionofoneparentfamiliesinanycountryisverymuchagender性别issuewomensopportunities,especiallyworkingclasswomenonlowincome,saidSueCohen,coordinator协调员oftheSingleActionParentsNetworkinEngland.5.Notconsideringtheexactnumberofthesingleparentfamilies,whichcountrysawthefastestriseratein1999,comparedwith1990A.UK.B.Australia.C.America.D.Belgium.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载6.WhatisthecauseoftheriseofsingleparentfamiliesacrosstheglobeA.Thenearbyfamilymembershaveafavourableopinion.B.Aloneparentiswelloffenoughtosupporthis/herchildren.C.Alotofproblemshavearisenintwoparentfamilies.D.Wecannotgetenoughprovinginformationfromthetext.7.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEabouttheincreaseofsingleparentfamiliesaccordingtothepassageA.Itwillsomewhatlimitthegrowingpopulationofyoungergeneration.B.Governmentsshouldtakeactionsaboutthesocialproblemsbroughtaboutbyit.C.Singleparentfamiliesarenotlookeddownuponinanycountrymentionedhere.D.Generallyspeaking,thesingleparentsneedntworrysincetheyarehighlypaid.8.WhichofthefollowingdiagramscorrectlyshowstheriseofsingleparentfamiliesintheUSfrom1990to2000w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m(三)Insomeurbancenters,workaholismissocommonthatpeopledonotconsideritunusualTheyacceptthelifestyleasnormal.GovernmentworkersinWashingtonD.C,forexample,frequentlyworksixtytoseventyhoursaweek.Theydontdothisbecausetheyhavetotheydoitbecausetheywantto.Workaholismcanbeaseriousproblem.Becausetrueworkaholicswouldratherworkthandoanythingelse,theyprobablydontknowhowtorelax.IsworkaholismalwaysdangerousPerhapsnot.Thereare,certainly,peoplewhoworkwellunderstress.Somestudiesshowthatmanyworkaholieshavegreatenergyandinterestinlife.Theirworkissopleasurablethattheyareactuallyveryhappy.Formostworkaholics,workandentertainmentkeepthembusyandcreative.WhydoworkaholicsenjoytheirjobssomuchThereareseveraladvantagestowork.Ofcourse,itprovideswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载peoplewithpaychecks,andthisisimportant.Butitoffersmorethanfinancialsecurity.Itprovidespeoplewithselfconfidencetheyhaveafeelingofsatisfactionwhentheyreproducedachallengingpieceofworkandareabletosay,Imadethat.Psychologistsclaimthatworkgivespeopleanidentitythroughparticipationinwork,theygetasenseofselfandindividualism.Inaddition,mostjobsprovidepeoplewithasociallyacceptablewaytomeetothers.Perhapssomepeoplearecompulsiveabouttheirwork,buttheiraddictionseemstobeasafeevenanadvantageousone.9.Thepassageindicatesthatworkaholics.A.justknowworkbutnothingelseB.arewillingtoworkhardforlonghourswithoutpayC.findtheirworkprovidethemmoresatisfactionandselfconfidencethanhowmuchtheyarepaidD.hastheworkwithmoreresponsibilitythanothers10.OneofthereasonsthatsomepeoplearenotwillingtoquittheirjobsevenintheireightiesandninetiesisthatA.theyareintheneedoffinancialsecurityw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mB.theywouldratherworkthanbedisturbedbydomesticaffairsC.theylongforasenseofidentityandbeingaccomplishedD.theymayhavehealthproblemsfromsheerboredom11.Thispassageismainlyabout.A.workaholicsareusuallysuccessfulpeople,buttheirlivesareinamessB.workaholismcanleadtoseriousproblemsbutitcanalsocreateajoyfullifeC.peoplewhoareabsorbedintheirworkmayenjoymovies,sportsandotherkindsofentertainmentD.thosewhoworkevenunderdifficultconditionsmaybeveryhappy12.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat.A.intheeyesofallthecommonpeopleworkaholicsarepeculiarB.toworkaholics,workisthesolesourceofhappinessC.apieceofchallengingworkmayprovidetheworkaholicsasenseofsatisfactionD.workaholicsareasaddictedtotheirjobasotherpeoplearetodrugsoralcohol(四)Moresurprising,perhaps,thanthepresentdifficultiesoftraditionalmarriageisthefactthatmarriageitselfisaliveandthriving.AsSkolnicknotes,AmericansareamarryingpeoplerelativetoEuropeans,moreofusmarryandwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载wemarryatayoungerage.Moreover,afteradropintheearly1915s,therateofmarriageintheUnitedStatesisnowincreasing.Eventhedivorcerateneedstobetakeninthispromarriagecontextsome30percentofdivorcedindividualsremarry.Thus,marriageremainsbyfarthepreferredwayoflifeforthevastmajorityofpeopleinoursociety.Whathaschangedmorethanmarriageisthenuclearfamily.Twentyfiveyearsago,thetypicalAmericanfamilywasmadeupofahusband,awife,andtwoorthreechildren.Now,therearemanymarriagesinwhichcoupleshavedecidednottohaveanychildren.Andtherearemanymarriageswhereatleastsomeofthechildrenarefromthewifesformermarriage,orthehusbands,orboth.Sometimesthesechildrenspendalloftheirtimewithoneparentfromtheformermarriagesometimestheyaresharedbetweenthetwoformerspouses配偶.Thus,onecanfindeverytypeoffamilyarrangement.Therearemarriageswithoutchildrenmarriageswithchildrenfromonlythepersentmarriagemarriageswithfulltimechildrenfromboththepresentandformermarriagesmarriageswithfulltimechildrenfromthepresentmarriageandparttimechildrenfromformermarriages.Therearestepfathers,stepmothers,halfbrothers,andhalfsisters.ItisnotallthatunusualforachildtohavefourparentsandeightgrandparentsThesearegreatchangesfromthetraditionalnuclearfamily.Butevenso,eveninthemidstofallthis,thereremainsoneconstantMostAmericansspendmostoftheiradultlivesmarried.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m13.BycallingAmericanmarryingpeopletheauthormeansthat.A.AmericansaremoretraditionalthanEuropeansB.AmericansexpectmoreoutofmarriagethanEuropeansC.therearemoremarriedcouplesinU.S.A.thaninEuropeD.moreofAmericans,ascomparedwithEuropeans,prefermarriageandtheyacceptitatayoungerage14.DivorcedAmericans.A.preferthewaytheyliveB.willmostlikelyremarryC.havelostfaithinmarriageD.arethevastmajorityofpeopleinthesociety15.WhichofthefollowingcanbepresentedasthepictureoftodaysAmericanfamiliesA.Manytypesoffamilyarrangementshavebecomesociallyacceptable.B.AtypicalAmericanfamilyismadeupofonlyahusbandandawife.C.Americansprefertohavemorekidsthanbefore.D.Therearenonuclearfamiliesanymore.16.Parttimechildren.A.spendsomeoftheirtimewiththeirhalfbrothersandsomeoftheirtimewiththeirhalfsisterswww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载B.spendalloftheirtimewithoneparentfromthepreviousmarriageC.aresharedbetweenthetwoformerspousesD.cannotstaywithfulltimechildren17.EventhoughgreatchangeshavetakenplaceinthestructureofAmericanfamilies,.A.thevastmajorityofAmericansstillhavefaithinmarriageB.thefunctionsofmarriageremainunchangedC.mostAmericanspreferasecondmarriageD.mostdivorcedAmericanswouldrathernotremarry【答案与解析】w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m1.B第一段第一句是一个问题,第二句是对这个问题的回答。然后在第三句话中作者又引用了新英格兰医学杂志上的一篇文章来进一步支持这一理论,故B为正确答案。2.B作者在第二段中先对实例进行对比。在本段最后一句指出,明显的保护源是饮酒者的高密脂蛋白中的含量更高,即所谓的好的胆固醇高,可抑止心脏病。由此推知不饮酒者的好的胆固醇少,这正是B的内容。3.C由最后一段可知,即使是适当饮酒,也有两种不同的态度有些医生建议心脏病患者每天喝上一点,可大多数医生并不准备这么做。此外,有的研究报告指出适当饮酒可能增加乳房和结肠癌的患病率。由此可知,C为正确答案。4.D全文主要说明饮酒是否对健康有好处。5.A第二段交待英国单亲家庭上涨比例最大(2.2)。6.D文章涉及更多的是现象,而未提及原因。7.B文章第三段第一句说明B项正确。其他均不符合文章。8.C从文章第一段可知美国1999年单亲家庭比例是8,2000年是9。9.C根据第二段第二句trueworkaholicswouldratherworkthandoanythingelse...可知工作狂只是更愿意工作,而非只知道工作,A说法过于绝对。根据第四段第三句Itprovidespeoplewithpaychecks可排除B。文中只提到工作狂工作时间比其他人更长、工作更卖力,但未提及他们的责任问题,故排除D。根据第四段第四句Butit=workoffersmorethanfinancialsecurity及第五句It=workprovidespeoplewith可知C正确.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m10.C从文章第四段第五、六句我们知道,工作赋予他们一种满足感、成就感senseofbeingaccomplished,工作使人获得一种认同identity,通过参与工作,他们获得一种自我意识和个人意识。可知C正确。而金钱只是人们工作的目的之一,并不是最重要的方面。故不选A。人们到老年仍然工作,并非由于不愿意做家务,也并不是担心整天无所事事会引起健康方面的问题。所以B和D不正确。www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载11.B文章中心围绕工作狂的特点展开,第二段提出工作狂可能是一个很严重的问题,但在第三段也指出工作狂也可快乐地生活,并介绍了快乐的原因。所以可以看出主题是讲工作狂既有负面影响又有正面影响,因此选B。12.D首段首句指出人们认为工作狂的生活状态是正常的。A项与之相反,故可排除。B太片面,因为工作狂也喜欢生活,第三段说manyworkaholicshavegreat13.D根据第一段第二句,AsSkolnicknotes,AmericansareamarryingpeoplerelativetoEuropeans,moreofusmarryandwemarryatayoungerage,D为正确答案。14.B第一段最后一句明确指出,大约30的离婚者再婚。我们社会绝对大多数人更喜欢过婚姻生活。A、C、D的表述与事实不符。15.A美国社会接受多种类型的家庭组合方式。文章第二、三段指出,目前美国家庭的组合方式与传统的核心家庭相比发生了很大的变化。这种变化反映在孩子与家庭成员的关系上。分析四个选项,B、D与事实不符家庭结构的变化不能说明传统的核心家庭不存在了,因此D的观点太片面。16.CPart\|timechildren是指父母离婚后由父母交替抚养的孩子。第二段最后一句指出了离婚家庭的两种孩子,即part\|timechildren和full\|timechildren。根据第三段的描述,full\|timechildren是指夫妻双方目前的孩子,或目前与现父母住在一起的前婚的孩子part\|timechildren则是由离婚父母交替抚养的孩子。由此判断,C是正确的A、D不对B所说的是full\|timechildren.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m17.A第一段最后一句和第三段最后一句为本文的主题句,即大多数美国人喜欢过婚姻生活,而且过着婚姻生活。这是不变的事实(constant)。由此看出,美国人对婚姻是有信心的。本文没有涉及B和C的观点
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