2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十二)(附详解).doc.doc2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(三十二)(附详解).doc.doc

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WWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(三十二)(1)WHENSEVERALDIFFERENTPEOPLELOOKATTHESAMEPERSON,ITISNOTUNUSUALFOREACHOFTHEMTOSEEDIFFERENTTHINGS;WHENYOUALONEOBSERVEONEBEHAVIORORONEPERSONATTWODIFFERENTTIMES,YOUMAYSEEDIFFERENTTHINGSTHEFOLLOWINGAREBUTSOMEOFTHEFACTORSTHATLEADTOTHESEVARYINGPERCEPTIONSEACHPERSON’SPERCEPTIONSOFOTHERSAREFORMEDBYHISORHEROWNCULTURALCONDITIONING,EDUCATION,ANDPERSONALEXPERIENCESOMETIMESPERCEPTIONSDIFFERBECAUSEOFWHATWECHOOSETOOBSERVEANDHOWWEDEALWITHWHATWE’VEOBSERVEDITISNOTNECESSARILYTRUETHATPERSON’SPERCEPTIONISBASEDONOBSERVATIONSOFAPARTICULARPERSONYOUROBSERVATIONSMAYBETOTALLYCONTROLLEDBYSOMEYOUROBSERVATIONSMAYBETOTALLYCONTROLLEDBYWHATOTHERSHAVETOLDYOUABOUTTHISPERSON;ORYOUMAYFOCUSPRIMARILYONTHESITUATIONORROLERELATIONSHIPMOSTPEOPLEDONOTUSETHESAMEYARDSTICKTOMEASURETHEIRPARENTS,THEIRFRIENDS,ANDSTRANGERSSOMETIMESWESEEONLYWHATWEWANTTOSEEWHATMAYBEOBVERSETOOTHERSBECAUSEOFOUROWNNEEDS,DESIRES,ORTEMPORARYEMOTIONALSTATESTHISISAPROCESSKNOWNASSELECTIVEPERCEPTIONSELECTIVEPERCEPTIONISOBVIOUSLYMOREDIFFICULTWHENCONTRADICTORYINFORMATIONISPARTICULARLYOBVIOUS,BUTITCANBEDONEWECANIGNORETHESTIMULUS“HE’SBASICALLYAGOODBOY,SOWHATISAWWASNOTSHOPLIFTING”WECANREDUCETHEIMPORTANCEOFTHECONTRADICTORYINFORMATION“ALLKIDSGETINTOMISCHIEF顽皮TAKINGABOOKFROMTHEBOOKSTOREISN’TSUCHABIGDEAL”WECALLCHANGETHEMEANINGOFTHECONTRADICTORYINFORMATION“ITWASN’TSHOPLIFTINGBECAUSEHEWASGOINGTOPAYFORITLATER”WWWKS5UCOM1WHILEOBSERVINGAPARTICULARPERSON,AONEISLIKELYTOTAKEALLASPECTSINTOCONSIDERATIONBONEPAYSMOREATTENTIONTOHISORHERADVANTAGESCCHILDRENOFTENDIFFERFROMGOWNUPSINPERCEPTIONDONETENDSTOCHOOSECERTAINCUESTOLOOKFOR2OBSERVATIONOFTHESAMEPERSONBYTWOPEOPLEATTHESAMETIMEMAYDIFFERBECAUSEATHEIRYARDSTICKSARENOTTHESAMEBEITHEROFTHEMMAYBESLOWTOCATCHINFORMATIONCTHETIMEFOROBSERVATIONSISNOTLONGENOUGHDEACHOFTHEMUSESDIFFERENTLANGUAGETOEXPRESSHISORHERIMPRESSIONSWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载3THEUNDERLINEDWORD“IGNORE”INPARAGRAPH4MEANSTOAUNDERSTANDSOMETHINGBTRYTODOSOMETHINGCPAYNOATTENTIONTOSOMETHINGDKNOWSOMETHINGBETTER4THEWORSTTHINGINSELECTIVEPERCEPTIONISTHATAPERCEIVEDINFORMATIONRUNSAGAINSTYOURDESIREBFACTSCANBETOTALLYIGNOREDANDDISTORTEDCIMPORTANCEOFCONTRADICTORYINFORMATIONCANBEOVERRATEDDTHESAMEINFORMATIONMAYNOTBEDEALTWITHINTHESAMEWAY(2)WASHINGTONLAURASTRAUBISAVERYWORRIEDWOMANHERJOBISTOFINDFAMILIESFORFRENCHTEENAGERSWHOEXPECTTOLIVEWITHAMERICANFAMILIESINTHESUMMERIT’SNOTEASY,EVENDESPERATE“WEHAVEMANYCHILDRENLEFTTOPLACE40OUTOF75,”SAIDSTRAUB,WHOWORKSFORAPARISBASEDFOREIGNEXCHANGEPROGRAMMECALLEDLECWHENEXCHANGEPROGRAMMESSTARTED50YEARSAGO,MOREFAMILIESWEREWILLINGTOHELPOTHERSFORONETHING,MOREMOTHERSSTAYEDHOMEBUTNOW,INCREASINGNUMBERSOFWOMENWORKOUTSIDETHEHOMEEXCHANGESTUDENTPROGRAMMESHAVESTRUGGLEDINRECENTYEARSTOSIGNUPHOSTFAMILIESFORTHE30,000TEENAGERSWHOCOMEFROMABROADEVERYYEARTOHAVESOMECOURSESFORONEYEARINTHEUNITEDSTATESASWELLASTHETHOUSANDSMOREWHOTAKEPARTINSUMMERPROGRAMMESSCHOOLSYSTEMSINMANYPARTSOFTHEUS,UNHAPPYABOUTACCEPTINGNONTAXPAYINGSTUDENTS,HAVEALSOSTRICTLYLIMITEDTHENUMBEROFEXCHANGESTUDENTSTHEYACCEPTATTHESAMETIME,THEIDEAOFHOSTINGFOREIGNSTUDENTSISBECOMINGLESSEXOTIC异国情调的WWWKS5UCOMINSEARCHINGFORHOSTFAMILIES,WHOUSUALLYRECEIVENOPAY,EXCHANGEPROGRAMMESAREINCREASINGLYBROADENINGTHEIRREQUESTSTOINCLUDEEVERYONEFROMYOUNGCOUPLESTOTHERETIRED“WEAREOPENTOMANYDIFFERENTTYPESOFFAMILIES”SAIDVICKIEWEINER,EASTERNREGIONALDIRECTORFORASSE,A25YEAROLDPROGRAMMETHATSENDSABOUT30,000TEENAGERSONONEYEAREXCHANGEPROGRAMMESWORLDWIDEFORELDERLYPEOPLE,EXCHANGESTUDENTS“KEEPUPYOUNGTHEYREALLYDO,”SAIDJEANFOSTER,WHOISHOSTING16YEAROLDNINAPORSTFROMDENMARKWWW10GKCN十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载5FOREIGNTEENAGERSCOMETOAMERICANFAMILIESWILHTHEPURPOSEOFAFINDINGTHIERPARENTSINAMERICABFINDINGGOODJOBSINAMERICACLEARNINGTHECULTUREOFAMERICADENJOYINGTHELIFEOFAMERICA6INTHEPAST,STRAUB’SJOBWASEASY,BECAUSEAMERICANFAMILIESANEEDEDMOREMONEYTOLIVEBHADFEWERCHILDRENTOSUPPORTCHADSPAREROOMSTORENTDWERENOTASBUSYASNOW7TODEALWITHTHEPROBLEMINRECENTYEARS,STRAUBANDHERWORKMATESHAVETOAASKDIFFERENTKINDSOFFAMILIESFORHELPBLIMITTHENUMBEROFTHEEXCHANGESTUDENTSCBORROWMUCHMONEYTOPAYFORTHECOSTSDFORCESOMEFAMILIESTOACCEPTSTUDENTS8FROMTHELASTPARAGRAPHWECANCONCLUDETHATAEXCHANGESTUDENTSAREWELCOMEINAMERICABEXCHANGESTUDENTSMUSTPAYMUCHMONEYTOTHEHOSTFAMILIESCAMERICANSTUDENTSDON’TWANTTOJOINTHEEXCHANGEPROGRAMMESDOLDAMERICANSCANBENEFITFROMHOSTINGEXCHANGESTUDENTS答案与解析1A见第3段最后一句及最后一段,尤其是第1句。对同一件事的看法完全相反,影响的因素包括“个人的需要;情感因素”等。2C根据该词后面所举的例子(对“SHOPLIFTING”的截然相反的看法),可知IGNORE的含义。3D采用排除法。A项指的是“被感知的信息与自己的愿望相反”评价的标准是个人的主观意识,文中亦未谈到;B项和C项在文中也都没提到,为主观臆断。而最后一段却为D项提供了依据(见2、3两句以及后面的例子)。4C法国十几岁的孩子到美国家庭中去体验生活,而不只是去享受生活,更不是去找父母或工作。WWWKS5UCOM5D由第四段WHENEXCHANGEPROGRAMMESSTARTED50YEARSAGO,MORESTAYEDHOME可知。6A由倒数第三段FROMYOUNGCOUPLESTOTHERETIRED可知7D由ELDERLYPEOPLE及KEEPUPYOUNGHOSTING16YEARSOLD可知。
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