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2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十一)(附详解).doc.doc2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练——阅读理解(十一)(附详解).doc.doc -- 5 元

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www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练阅读理解(十一)(一)Thebabyboy,bornattwominutespastmidnightThursdayinaBeijinghospital,countedChinas1.3billionthcitizenandthedate,January6,2005,becamethe1.3BillionPopulationDayofChina.With3,600gramsand52cm,theboyisingoodcondition.Sofar,theboyhasnoname.HismotherisLanHuiinher31withtheShellGroupofCompaniesandtheboysfatherisonestafffromAirChina.高.考.资.源.网Iamveryhappy,andIamthehappiestmanintheworld,theboysfathersaid.GuXiulian,ViceChairpersonoftheNPCStandingCommitteeandPresidentoftheACWF,visitedthehospitaltoseethenewcomingcitizen.ZhangWeiqing,directorofNationalPopulationandFamilyPlanningCommissionNPFPCofChina,awardedhimthecertificateandgifts.AccordingtothedatafromNationalBureauofStatistics统计ofChina,thepopulationinChinamainlandwouldreach1,299,880,000bytheendof2004,withadailynetincreaseof20,800onaverage.Basedonthisstatistics,onJanuary6,thispopulationwouldtopat1.3billion.NPFPChaddeterminedinadvancethatthefirstbabyborninthishospitalaftermidnightwouldbethesymbolic1.3billionthChinese.Onthesameday,morethan20,000otherbabieswereaddedtoChinaspopulationlist.Thenationspopulationpolicyoverthepast25yearshascontributedtobalanceddevelopment,delayingthedateofthelandmarkfigurebyfouryears.fromwww.nmet113.com1.ThebabyisregardedasChinas1.3billionthcitizenbecause________.A.ourpopulationwasjustonelessthan1.3billionbeforehisbirthB.hewasthefirstbabyChinahadonJanuary6,2005C.hewasluckyenoughtobebornattherighttimeandplaceD.hewasthehealthiestofallbornonthesameday2.Thebabysbirthisworthsomuchattentionbecause________.A.1.3billionisalandmarkfigureinChinaspopulationstatisticsB.1.3billionisaturningpointinChinaspopulationgrowthC.thebirthsymbolizesChinassuccessinfamilyplanningwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载D.thebirthmakesChinaspopulationlargeenoughforcelebration3.WhichstatementiscorrectaccordingtothestatisticaldataA.In2004Chinahad20,800babiesbornonanaverageday.B.Chinaspopulationreached1.3billionbytheendofJanuary5.C.Theexactly1.3billionthcitizenshouldbebornonJanuary5.D.Chinasactualpopulationbecameover20,000largeronJanuary6(二)Biomassenergy生物能.oftenforgottenasapromisingalternative替代物tooil,receiveditsdayinthesunwiththegatheringoftheBioEnergyWorldCongressandExpositioninAtlanta,Georgia,lateinApril,1990.Nearly1,700scientists,businessmen,andpolicymakers,onequarterfromtheforeignnations,gatheredforaweektodiscussvariousmeansofsqueezingusableenergyoutoftrees,crops,manure,seaweed,algae,andurbanwaste.BiomassintheUnitedStatescontributes2.5percentofthetotalsupply,butthisamountcanbedoubledby2000andthendoubledagainbytheyear2010.EightpercentofSwedensenergysupply,forexample,ispresentlycomingfromwoodbarkandpulpremainings,Swedenintendstoraisethispercentagebymoreintensiveharvestingofwastefoodlyingaroundinforests,andthroughtheplantingofsocalledenergyforestsoffastgrowingtreessuchaswillowandbirch.Brazilisfrequentlypointedtoasanationwithamajorsuccessfulinvestment投资inenergycomingfromgrainsitpresentlyruns330,000automobilesonawaterandalcohol酒精mixture,replacing10percentofitspreviousoilsupply.Brazilianrepresentatives代表attheconferencesaidtheywishtodoublethisinfiveyears,withafinalgoaloftotalreplacement.Mostofthecarsarebuiltatthefactorytousethemixture,whileoldermodelsarechangedthroughlowcostgovernmentprograms.高.考.资.源.网4.InLine2,thephrasereceiveditsdayinthesunmostprobablymeans________.A.cametothepublicmindB.haditsturninthesunlightC.wasregardedasasolarenergyD.camefromtheenergyofthesun5.WhichofthefollowingstatementsissupportedbythepassageA.1,700scientistsattendedtheconference.B.AquarterofAmericanbusinessmenwerepresentattheconference.www.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载C.Foreignpolicymakersaccountedforaquarter.D.ThreequartersoftherepresentativeswerefromtheU.S.6.Ofthetotalsupplyin2010,biomassintheU.S.willbe________.A.5B.20C.10D.157.WhichofthefollowingisnotregardedasbiomassenergyA.Willowandseaweed.B.Woodandgrains.C.Waterandalcoholmixture.D.Cropsandoilmixture.8.Asuitabletitleforthispassagewouldbe________.A.AnEnergyConferenceB.ApprovalofBiomassEnergyC.BioEnergyforAutomobilesD.KeystoEnergyCrisis(三)Whenseveraldifferentpeoplelookatthesameperson,itsnotunusualforeachofthemtoseedifferentthingswhenyoualoneobserveonebehaviororonepersonattwodifferenttimes,youmayseedifferentthings.Thefollowingarebutsomeofthefactorsthatleadtothesechangingperceptions感知认可1Eachpersonsperceptionsofothersareformedbyhisorherownculturalconditioningeducation,andpersonalexperiences.2Sometimesperceptionsdifferbecauseofwhatwechoosetoobserveandhowwedealwithwhatweveobserved.Itisnotnecessarilytruethatpersonsperceptionisbasedonobservationsofaparticularperson.Yourobservationsmaybetotallycontrolledbywhatothershavetoldyouaboutthispersonoryoumayfocus聚集primarilyonthesituationorrolerelationship.Mostpeopledonotusethesameyardstick标准tomeasuretheirparents,theirfriends,andstrangers.3Sometimesweseeonlywhatwewanttoseeordontseewhatmaybeobvioustoothersbecauseofourownneeds,desires,ortemporaryemotionalstates.Thisisaprocessknownasselectiveperception.Selectiveperceptionisobviouslymoredifficultwhencontradictory矛盾的informationisparticularlyobvious,butitcanbedone.Wecanignore忽视thestimulusHesbasicallyagoodboysowhatIsawwasnotshoplifting.WecanreducetheimportanceofthecontradictoryinformationAllkids孩子getintomischief顽皮.Takingabookfromthebookstoreisntsuchabigdeal.Wecanchangethewww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载meaningofthecontradictoryinformation.Itwasntshopliftingbecausehewasgoingtopayforitlater.fromwww.nmet113.comw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m9.Thefirstfactorgivenbytheauthorthataffectsourperceptionis________.A.theabilitiesofonesauditory听觉的andvisual视觉的sensorsB.culturalbackgroundandpersonalexperiencesC.experiencesonelearnsfromothersD.criticalmeasurestakenbyotherpeople10.Whileobservingaparticularperson,________.A.oneislikelytotakeallaspects方面toconsiderationB.onepaysmoreattentiontohis/heradvantagesC.childrenoftendifferfromgrownupsinperceptionD.onetendstochoosecertaincues提示tolookfor11.Observationofthesamepersonbytwopeopleatthesametimemaydifferbecause________.A.theirmeasuringyardsticksarenotthesameB.eitherofthemmaybeslowtocatchinformationC.thetimeforobservationisnotlongenoughD.eachofthemusesdifferentlanguagetoexpresshis/herimpressions12.Thewordstimulusinparagraph4refersto________.A.somethingattractiveB.selectiveperceptionC.contradictoryinformationD.shoplifting13.Theworstthinginselectiveperceptionisthat________.A.perceivedinformationrunsagainstyourdesireB.factscanbetotallyignoredordistorted扭曲C.importanceofthecontradictoryinformationcanbeoverrated估计过高D.thesameinformationmaynotbedealtwithinthesamewayw.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.mwww.10gk.cn十年高考网十年高考试题、高考模拟试题、教学资源下载【答案与解析】1.C推断题。由倒数第三段最后一句国家计生委提前决定午夜后在这家医院第个出生的婴儿将象征性地被定为第点三亿个中国人。可椎知,只有在这家医院且恰当的时间内才有可能成为这样一个人。2.A推断题。由倒数第三段中根据统计数字,1月6日中国人口将达到13亿及最后句把这个里程碑的数字到达的日期推迟了四年可知。3.D细节题。由倒数第二段可知。4.A词义题。根据其前面的oftenforgottenasapromisingalternativetooil人们过去常忘记它是一种很有前途的油的代用品,推及现在receiveditsdayinthesun之意为受到大家的关注。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m5.D细节题。根据第一段第二句可知选D。6.C细节题。根据第一段最后一句可知选C。7.D判断题。由第一段第二句及第二段最后一句可知seaweed和willow被视为生物能由第二段第一句及第三段第一句可知woolbark和grams被视为生物能由第三段第一句可知alcohol与water的混合物被视为生物能因此crops与oil的混合物也应被视为非生物能,故选D。8.B主旨题。文章虽然提到开会,但并没有介绍会议的情况,故排除选项A文章中虽然提到过用生物能使汽车行驶,但不只是汽车,故排除选项C文章虽说可用生物能代替石油,但并没有说,它就是缓解能源危机的关键,排除D。9.B细节题。第二段已明确给出答案。10.D细节题。第三个factor中的第一句话说明了问题。11.A细节题。由第二个factor中的最后一句话可知。12.C词义题。仔细阅读factor3,在selectiveperception中人们往往忽视contradictoryinformation。根据本段最后一句话也可判断出。13.D推断题。factor3第一句说明了问题,由于个人的需求、意愿、情绪不同,对同一物的感知会不同,造成不同的看法或结果。
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