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2009高考阅读理解(全解析).doc.doc2009高考阅读理解(全解析).doc.doc -- 5 元

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知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第1页共154页2009年高考英语试题分类汇编阅读理解(全解析)一、(2009.全国卷I海南、宁夏)阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项答题卡上将该项涂黑。AIsuddenlyheardanelephantcryingasthoughfrightenedLookingdownIimmediatelyrecognizedthatsomethingwaswrongandrandowntotheedgeofthenearbankThereIsawMaShwewithherthreemontholdcalfstrugglinginthefastrisingwateranditwasalifeanddeathstruggleHercalfwasfloatingandscreamingwithfearMaShwewasasneartothefarbankasshecouldget,holdingherwholebodyagainsttherushingwaterandkeepingthecalfpressedagainstherhugebody.Everynowandthentherushingwaterwouldsweepthecalfaway.TherewasasuddenriseinthewaterandthecalfwaswashedcleanoverthemothersbodyandwasgoneMaShweturnedquicklytoreachitandpressedthecalfwithherheadandtrunk(象鼻)againsttherockybankThenwithahugeeffortshepickeditupinhertrunkandtrieduntilshewasabletoplaceitonanarrowshelfofrockJustatthismomentshefellbackintotheriverIfshewerecarrieddownitwouldbecertaindeathIknewaswellasshedid,thattherewasonespot(地点)whereshecouldgetupthebankbutitwasontheothersidefromwhereshehadputhercalfWhileIwaswonderingwhatIcoulddonextIheardthesoundofamothersloveMaShwehadcrossedtheriverandgotupthebankandwasmakingherwaybackasfastasshecouldroaring(吼叫)allthetimebuttohercalfitwasmusic.56.Themomenttheauthorgotdowntotheriverbankhesaw______.A.thecalfwasabouttofallintotheriverB.MaShwewasplacingthecalfontherockC.thecalfwaswashedawaybytherisingwaterD.MaShwewasholdingthecalfagainsttherushingwater【答案】D【解析】细节判断题。从第一段ThereIsawMaShwewithherthreemontholdcalfstrugglinginthefastrisingwateranditwasalifeanddeathstruggle57.HowdidMaShwemanagetosavehercalffromthefastflowingwater知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第2页共154页A.ByputtingitonasafespotB.BypressingitagainstherbodyC.BytakingitawaywithherD.Bycarryingitonherback【答案】A【解析】细节判断题。从第二、三段中可以看出MsShwe一直努力使小牛离开湍急的河水,到岸上安全的地方。58.HowdidthecalffeelaboutthemotherelephantsroaringA.ItwasagreatcomfortB.ItwasasignofdangerC.ItwasacallforhelpD.Itwasamusicalnote【答案】A【解析】细节判断题。从最后一段的最后一句,可知buttohercalfitwasmusic.对幼崽的一种安慰方式。59.WhatcanbethebesttitleforthetextA.AMothersLoveB.ABraveActC.ADeadlyRiverD.AMatterofLifeandDeath【答案】A【解析】主旨概括题。整片叙述的是小牛掉到河里,母牛采取一切措施来进行保护小牛,体现了母爱。BComputerprogrammerDavidJonesearns35.000ayeardesigningnewcomputergames.yethecannotfindabankreadytolethimhaveacreditcard(信用卡)Insteadhehasbeentoldtowaitanothertwoyearsuntilheis18.The16yearoldworksforasmallfirminLiverpoolwheretheproblemofmostyoungpeopleofhisageisfindingajobDavidsfirmreleases(推出)twonewgamesforthefastgrowingcomputermarketeachmonthButDavidsbiggestheadacheiswhattodowithhismoney.Eventhoughheearnsalothecannotdriveacartakeoutamortgage(抵押贷款),orgetcreditcardsDavidgothisjobwiththeLiverpoolbasedcompanyfourmonthsago,ayearafterleavingschoolwithsixOlevelsandworkingforatimeinacomputershop.IgotthejobbecausethepeoplewhorunthefirmknewIhadalreadywrittensomeprogramshesaidDavidspendssomeofhismoneyonrecordsand知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第3页共154页clothesandgiveshismother50poundsaweekButmostofhissparetimeisspentworking.Unfortunately,computingwasnotpartofourstudiesatschoolhesaidButIhadbeenstudyingitinbooksandmagazinesforfouryearsinmysparetimeIknewwhatIwantedtodoandneverconsideredstayingonatschoolMostpeopleinthisbusinessarefairlyyoung,anywayDavidaddedIwouldliketoearnamillionandIsupposeearlyretirement(退休)isapossibilityYouneverknowwhenthemarketmightdisappear.60.InwhatwayisDaviddifferentfrompeopleofhisageA.HeoftengoesoutwithfriendsB.HeliveswithhismotherC.HehasahandsomeincomeD.HegraduatedwithsixOlevels【答案】C【解析】细节判断题。由第一段首句可知,大卫设计了一种新的电脑游戏而获得35.000。故此可推断在这个年龄段,他有非常辉煌的收入。61.WhatisoneoftheproblemsthatDavidisfacingnowA.HeistooyoungtogetacreditcardB.HehasnotimetolearndrivingC.HehasverylittlesparetimeD.Hewillsoonlosehisjob【答案】A【解析】推断题。由第一段可知,由于他没有达到法定年龄,没有资格申请信用卡,故也没办法领取得到钱。62.WhywasDavidabletogetthejobinthecompanyA.HehaddonewellinallhisexamsB.HehadwrittensomecomputerprogramsC.HewasgoodatplayingcomputergamesD.Hehadlearnttousecomputersatschool【答案】B【解析】细节判断题。由IgotthejobbecausethepeoplewhorunthefirmknewIhadalreadywrittensomeprograms。知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第4页共154页63.WhydidDaviddecidetoleaveschoolandstartworkingA.HereceivedlotsofjoboffersB.HewaseagertohelphismotherC.HelostinterestinschoolstudiesD.Hewantedtoearnhisownliving【答案】C【解析】概括题。由最后一段可知,Unfortunately,computingwasnotpartofourstudiesatschoolhesaidButIhadbeenstudyingitinbooksandmagazinesforfouryearsinmysparetimeIknewwhatIwantedtodoandneverconsideredstayingonatschool。CWehavemettheenemyandheisoursWeboughthimatapetshop.Whenmonkeypox,adiseaseusuallyfoundintheAfricanrainforestsuddenlyturnsupinchildrenintheAmerican.Midwestitshardnottowonderofthediseasethatcomesfromforeignanimalsishominginonhumanbeings.Mostoftheinfections(感染)wethinkofashumaninfectionsstartedinotheranimalssaysStephenMorsedirectoroftheCenterforPublicHealthPreparednessatColumbiaUniversity.ItsnotjustthatweregoingtowheretheanimalsarewerealsobringingthemclosertousPopularforeignpetshavebroughtawholenewdiseasetothiscountryAstrangeillnesskilledIsaksenspetsandshenowthinksthatkeepingforeignpetsisabadideaIdontthinkitsfairtohavethemaspetswhenwehavesuchalimitedknowledgeofthemsaysIsaksenLawsallowingtheseanimalstobebroughtinfromdeepforestareaswithoutstrictercontrolneedchangingsaysPeterSchantzMonkeypoxmaybethewakeupcall.Researchersbelieveinfectedanimalsmayinfecttheirowners.WeknowverylittleaboutthesenewdiseasesAnewbug(病毒)maybekindatfirst.Butitmaydevelopintosomethingharmful(有害的)MonkeypoxdoesntlookamajorinfectiousdiseaseButisnotimpossibletopassthediseasefrompersontoperson64.WelearnfromParagraphIthatthepetsoldattheshopmay_______.A.comefromColumbiaB.preventusfrombeinginfectedC.enjoybeingwithchildren知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第5页共154页D.sufferfrommonkeypox【答案】D【解析】推理判断题。从第一段WehavemettheenemyandheisoursWeboughthimatapetshop.Whenmonkeypox,adiseaseusuallyfoundintheAfricanrainforestsuddenlyturnsupinchildrenintheAmerican可知,商店里买的宠物带有一种疾病。65.WhydidIsaksenadvisepeoplenottohaveforeignpetsA.TheyattackhumanbeingsB.WeneedtostudynativeanimalsC.TheycantliveoutoftherainforestD.Wedonotknowmuchaboutthemyet【答案】D【解析】细节判断题。Isaksenspetsandshenowthinksthatkeepingforeignpetsisabadidea。66.Whatdoesshephrasethewakeupcallinparagraph3mostprobablymeanA.anewdiseaseB.aclearwarningC.adangerousanimalD.amorningcall【答案】B【解析】词义理解题。大多数感染感染认为人类感染始于其他动物,故养动物宠物的人很容易受到感染,故此研究者唤醒养动物宠物人的相信。67.Thetextsuggeststhatinthefuturewe.A.mayhavetofightagainstmorenewdiseasesB.mayeasilygetinfectedbydiseasesfromdogsC.shouldnotbeallowedtohavepetsD.shouldstopbuyingpestsfromAfrica【答案】A【解析】主题大意题。从最后一段可知,会有更多的病毒由动物传染给人,故此人类要不断与新的疾病作斗争。D知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第6页共154页Itsnoteasybeingateenager(13至19岁青少年)norisiteasybeingtheparentofateenager.Youcanmakeyourchildfeelangry,hurt,ormisunderstoodbywhatyousaywithoutrealizingityourself.Itisimportanttogiveyourchildthespaceheneedstogrowwhilegentlylettinghimknowthatyouyoullstillbethereforhimwhenheneedsyou.Expectalotfromyourchild,justnoteverything.Exceptforhealthandsafetyproblems,suchasdruguseorcarelessdrivingconsidereverythingelseopentodiscussion.Ifyourchildisunwillingtodiscusssomething,dontinsisthetellyouwhatsonhismind.Themoreyouinsist,themorelikelythathellclarnup.Instead,lethimattempttosolve(解决)thingsbyhimself.Atthesametime,remindhimthatyourealwaysthereforhimshouldheseekadviceorhelp.Showrespectforyourteenagersprivacy(隐私).Neverreadhimhismailorlisteninonpersonalconversions.Teachyourteenagerthatthefamilyphoneisforthewholefamily.Ifyourchildtalksonthefamilystelephonefortoolong,tellhimhecantalkfor15minutes,butthenhemuststayoffthephoneforatleastanequalperiodoftime.Thisnotonlyfreesupthelinesothatotherfamilymemberscanmakeandreceivecalls,butteachesyourteenagermoderation(节制).Orifyouareopentotheidea,allowyourteenagerhisownphonethathepaysforwithhisownpocketmoneyorapart–timejob68.Themainpurposeofthetextistotellparents_____________.A.howtogetalongwithateenagerB.howtorespectateenagerC.howtounderstandateenagerD.howtohelpateenagergrowup【答案】D【解析】主题大意题。整篇文章谈论父母亲在孩子成长过程中如何帮助孩子。69.WhatdoesthephraseclamupinParagraph2probablymeanA.becomeexcitedB.showrespectC.refusetotalkD.seekhelp【答案】C【解析】词义理解题。由句意可知,你越是坚持,孩子们也就越产生逆反心理,从而抵触与你交流。故应选C。知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第7页共154页70.Thelastparagraphisabouthowtoteachateenager_________________.A.tousethephoneinasensiblewayB.topayforhisowntelephoneC.tosharethephonequicklyD.toanswerthephonequickly【答案】A【解析】段落大意题。如何使用家庭电话。71.WhatshouldparentsdoinraisingateenageraccordingtothetextA.NorallowhimtolearndrivingortakedrugsB.GivehimadviceonlywhennecessaryC.LethimhavehisowntelephoneD.Nottalkaboutpersonalthingswithhim【答案】B【解析】概括归纳题。在孩子成长过程中,让他尝试解决一些问题。家长不应将自己的思想强加于孩子,而是必要时给他一些建议。ESunday,October5Clear,69°FMywife,Eleanor,andItookthetrainfromParistoStrasbourg,whereweweremetbyourdriverandguide.Andtheminibuswhichgoesalongwiththeboat.WestoppedoffinBarnforanhourontheway.ThenweweretakentoNancywheretheboatwaskept.Aftertheotherpassengersarrived,wehadourfirstdinnerontheboat.AfterdinnerwewalkedintodowntownNancy,avillagewithalargesquareandwoodenhouses.Monday,October6Rainedlastnight,cloudyinthemorning,69°FWespentabouttwohoursinNancy,thensailedontheCanaldelaMarneauRhine.Kindofalazyday.Eatingbreakfast,lunch,anddinner,afterdinnerwewatchedatapeonBaccarat.Wherewewillvisittomorrow.Itwaspleasanttositoutondeck(甲板)andwatchthescenerygobyatabout3mph.Tuesday,October7知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第8页共154页Lightrain,64°FThismourningwedroveovertoBaccaratandtoureditsmuseumandthechurch,whichhasthisunbelievablelampthatisgoingonaworldtourthenextday.Wedidlostofshopping,thenwalkedacrossthebridgetoseeavery,verymodernCatholicchurchwithspecialBaccaratwindows.WedrovetothetopoftheVogesMountainsandstarteddowntheeasternsideLaterwedrovetoSorrenbourgtoseethe13thcenturychurchattheCordeliers.ItcontainsthelargestwindowbyMar.Wednesday,Ocrober8Cloudy.65°FTodaywesailedfromSchneckenbushtoSaverne.Wewentthoughtwocaves,anextremelyunusualpartofthejourney.Thisriversceneryisverydifferent.Wewereinamountainvalleywithgrasslandononesideandaforestbeginningtoshowsomecolorontheother.Thursday,Ocrober9Cloudy,66°FOurdependableminibuswaswaitingtoloadtheluggageandtakeustothehotelwhereeveryonewenttheirseparateways.Ourboatingdaysareoveruntilnexttime.72.WheredidtheauthorgetoffthetrainA.ParisB.StrasbourgC.NancyD.Barn【答案】B【解析】细节判断题。第一句话Mywife,Eleanor,andItookthetrainfromParistoStrasbourg,可知。73.OnwhichdaysdidthetouristsspendmostoftheirtimeontheboatA.MondayandTuesdayB.TuesdayandWednesdayC.WednesdayandWednesdayD.MondayandWednesday【答案】D【解析】细节推断题。从第二段WespentabouttwohoursinNancy,thensailedontheCanal知识改变命运,学习成就未来欢迎各位老师踊跃投稿,稿酬丰厚邮箱zxjkw163.com第9页共154页delaMarneauRhine.和最后一段分析得知,开始是在星期一,结束是在星期四。74.Fromthetext,welearnthatBaccaratandSorrenbourgarethenamesof_________.A.townsB.churchesC.museumsD.mountains【答案】A【解析】细节判断题。第三段ThismourningwedroveovertoBaccaratandtoureditsmuseumandthechurch,whichhasthisunbelievablelampthatisgoingonaworldtourthenextday.和LaterwedrovetoSorrenbourgtoseethe13thcenturychurchattheCordeliers.可以判断出。75.WhatdoestheauthorthinkofthetourA.TiringB.ExpensiveC.EnjoyableD.Quick【答案】C【解析】作者态度推测题。整个文章是游日记,从乘火车、轮船,参观游玩各个景点,领略大自然美景,使作者心旷神怡。故选C。二、(2009.全国卷II)阅读理解(共25小题。第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分满分45分)【总体评析】纵观五篇阅读,可以说是这套试卷比较容易的部分,相信多数考生这部分会有一份得心应手的轻松心情。与往年比较而言,总体难度低于去年。失分率会小,学生做得相对轻松。第一节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AIknowwhatyourethinkingpizza(比萨饼)ForbreakfastButthetruthisthatyoucanhavelastnightsleftoversinthea.m.ifyouwanttoIknowlotsofwomenwhoskipbreakfast(不吃早餐),andtheyhaveatonofdifferentexcusesfordoingit.Somesaytheydonthavetime.othersthinktheyresavingcalories(卡路里),stillothersjustdontlikebreakfastfood.Butthebottomlineisthateatinginthemorningisveryimportantwhenyouretryingtoloseweight.Eatingjustaboutanythingfrom300to400calorieswouldbebetterthannothingatall,saysKatherineBrooking,R,D,whodevelopedthesupereasyeatingplanforthisyearsSELFCHALLENGE.Andevenpizzacanbehealthyifitsloadedwithvegetables,andyousticktoone
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