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2010届高考英语阅读理解训练题一.doc.doc2010届高考英语阅读理解训练题一.doc.doc -- 5 元

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金钥匙学校www.jin14.com2010届高考英语阅读理解训练题一(一)AEversincenewsofwidespreadfoodrecallscausedbyacarcinogenicdyebroke,therehasbeenconfusion(混淆)overpossiblelinkstothecountryofthesamename,butSudanofficialssaythereisnoconnectionwhatever.Sudan1isaredindustrialdyethathasbeenfoundinsomechillypowder,butwasbannedinfoodproductsacrosstheEuropeanUnionEUinJuly2003.Sincethebanwasputinplace,EUofficialshavebeenstrivingtoremovesomefoodproductsfromtheshelves.Sofar580productshavebeenrecalled.LastweekSudansEmbassyintheUnitedKingdomaskedtheFoodStandardsAgencyFSAforclarificationoftheoriginofthedyesname.OmaimaMahmudAlSharief,apressofficialatSudansEmbassyinChina,explainedthepurposeoftheinquirywastoclearupanymisunderstandingoverlinksbetweenthecountryandthepoisonousdye.Wewanttokeepaneyeoneverydetailandavoidanymisunderstandingthere,shesaid.OurembassytoBritainaskedthemhowthedyegotthatnameandwhetherthedyehadsomethingtodowithourcountry.Buttheytoldustherewasnorelationship.TheFSA,anindependentfoodsecuritywatchdoginBritain,receivedaletterfromtheSudaneseembassylastweek.TheyaskeduswhythedyeisnamedSudan,however,wealsodonotknowhowitgotthename,shesaid.Peoplefoundthedyein1883andgaveitthename.Nobodyknowsthereason,andwecannotgiveanyexplanationbeforewefindout.Sudandyes,whichincludeSudan1to4,arereddyes(颜料)usedforcoloringsolvents(溶剂),oils,waxes,petrol,andshoeandfloorpolishes.TheyareclassifiedascarcinogensbytheInternationalAgencyforResearchonCancer.56.WhatdoestheunderlinedwordmeaninparagraphoneA.Causingcancer.B.Havingsideeffect.C.Containingpoison.D.Poisonous.57.HowdidtheSudan1getitsnameA.ThedyeisoftenproducedinSudan.B.ThedyehassomethingtodowiththecountrynamedSudan.C.Nobodyissureoftheoriginofthename.D.ManyfoodsproducedinSudancontainthedye.金钥匙学校www.jin14.com58.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat.A.theSudangovernmentispayingmuchattentiontothefoodsafetyB.Sudan1isoftenusedtobeaddedtothefoodC.peopledidntrealizethedangerofSudan1until2003D.manyfoodshopswillbecloseddown59.WhichofthefollowingisthebesttitleA.KeepawayfromSudan1B.NoSudan1dyelinkstothecountryC.HowSudan1dyegotitsnameD.PayattentiontothefoodsafetyBLongbusridesareliketelevisionshows.Theyhaveabeginning,amiddle,andanendwithcommercials(商业广告)thrownineverythreeorfourminutes.Thecommercialsareunavoidable.Theyhappenwhetheryouwantthemornot.Everycoupleofminutesabillboardglidesbyoutsidethebuswindow.BuySuperCleanToothpaste.DrinkGoodWetRootBeer.FillupwithPacificGas.Onlyifyousleep,whichisequaltoturningthetelevisionsetoff,areyousparedtheunendingcryofYouNeedItBuyItNowThebeginningoftherideiscomfortableandsomewhatexciting,evenifyouvetraveledthatwaybefore.Usuallysomethingshavechangednewhouses,newbuildings,sometimesevenanewroad.Thebusdriverhasastyleofdrivinganditsfuntotrytofigureitoutthefirsthourorso.Ifthedriverisparticularlyreckless(鲁莽的)ordaring,theridecanbeasthrilling(惊心动魄的)asasuspensestory.WillthedriverpassthetruckintimeWillthedrivermoveintotherightorthelefthandlaneAfterawhile,ofcourse,theexcitementdiesdown.Sleepingforawhilehelpspassthemiddlehoursoftheride.Foodalwaysmakesbusridesmoreinteresting.Butyouvegottobecarefulofwhatkindoffoodyoueat.Toomuchsaltyfoodcanmakeyouverythirstybetweenstops.Theendoftherideissomewhatlikethebeginning.Youknowitwillsoonbeoverandtheresakindofexpectationandexcitementinthat.Theseatofcourse,hasbecomeharderasthehourshavepassed.Bynowyouvesatwithyourlegscrossed,withyourhandsinyourlap,withyourhandsonthearmrestsevenwithyourhandscrossedbehindyourhead.Theendcomesjustatnomorewaystosit.60.Accordingtothepassage,whatdothepassengersusuallyseewhentheyareonalongbustripA.Busesontheroad.B.Filmsontelevision.C.Advertisementsonthebillboards.D.Gasstations.61.Whatisthepurposeofthispassage金钥匙学校www.jin14.comA.Togivethewritersopinionaboutlongbustrips.B.Topersuadeyoutotakealongbustrip.C.Toexplainhowbustripsandtelevisionshowsdiffer.D.Todescribethebillboardsalongtheroad.62.Thewriterofthispassagewouldprobablyfavor.A.busdriverswhoarentrecklessB.drivingaloneC.atelevisionsetonthebusD.nobillboardsalongtheroad63.ThewriterfeelslongbusridesarelikeTVshowsbecause.A.thecommercialsbothonTVshowsandonbillboardsalongtheroadarefunB.theybothhaveabeginning,amiddle,andanend,withcommercialsinbetweenC.thedriversarealwaysrecklessonTVshowsjustastheyareonbusesD.bothtravelingandwatchingTVarenotexciting.64.Thewriterthinksthattheendoftherideissomewhatlikethebeginningbecausebothare.A.excitingB.comfortableC.tiringD.boringCModernmanhasclearedtheforestsforfarmlandandforwood,andhasalsocarelesslyburnedthem.Morethanthat,though,hehasalsointerfered(干涉)withtheinvisiblebondsbetweenthelivingthingsintheforests.Therearemanyexamplesofthiskindofdestruction.TheharmfulnessofmansinterferencecanbeseeninwhathappenedmanyyearsagointheforestoftheKaibabplateau(凯亚巴布高原)ofnorthernArizona.Mantriedtoimproveonthenaturalwebofforestlifeanddestroyeditinstead.TheKaibabhadastorybookforestoflargesizedpine,Douglasfir,whitefir,blueandEngelmannspruce.In1882avisitornoted,We,who...havewanderedthroughitsforestsandparks,havecometoregarditasthemostenchantingregionithaseverbeenourprivilege(特权)tovisit.ThiswasalsothelivingplaceoftheRockyMountainmuledeer.Indianshuntedthereeveryautumntogathermeatandskins.Theforestalsohadmountainlions,timberwolvesandbobcatsthatkeptthedeerfrommultiplyingtoorapidly.Then,in1906,PresidentTheodoreRooseveltmadetheKaibabanationalgamepreserve.Deerhuntingwasforbidden.Governmenthuntersstartedkillingoffthedeersenemies.In25yearstime,6,250mountainlions,wolvesandbobcatswerekilled.Beforetheprogram,therewereabout4,000deerintheKaibab,by1924,therewereabout100,000.Thedeerateeveryleafandtwigtheycouldreach.Buttherewasnotnearlyenoughfood.Huntingofdeerwaspermittedagain.Thiscauseda金钥匙学校www.jin14.comslightdecreaseinthedeerherd(鹿群),butafargreaterlossresultedfromstarvation(饥饿)anddisease.Some60percentofthedeerherddiedintwowinters.By1930theherdhaddroppedto20,000animals.By1942itwasdownto8,000.65.ThedestructionoftheenvironmentoftheKaibabresultedfrom.A.turningtheforestintocultivatedlandB.interferingwithnaturalcycleofforestlifeC.forestfirescausedbymanscarelessnessD.cuttingthetreesforbuildingmaterials66.Engelmannspruce(Para.2)ismostlikelythenameof.A.atreeB.ananimalC.amountainD.agame67.ThenumberofthedeerintheKaibabhadincreasedenormouslyinyearstime.A.25B.6C.18D.1268.Yearslater,largenumbersofdeerintheKaibabdiedmainlybecauseof.A.thecoldB.theorganizedkillC.theshortageoffoodD.thepoormanagementDIntheUSAForbesmagazinehaspublisheditsannuallistoftherichestpeopleintheworld.BillGatesofMicrosoftistherichestmanagainfortheeleventhsuccessiveyearwithafortuneoffortyfourbilliondollars.Therearearecord691dollarbillionairesaccordingtoForbesmagazine.Betweenthemtheyhaveafortuneoftwopointtwotrilliondollars.ThehighestconcentrationoftheultrarichisinNewYorkfollowedbyMoscowandSanFranciscoandthenLondonandLosAngeles.ButintotaltheverywealthyliveinfortysevendifferentcountrieswithIcelandKazakhstanUkraineandPolandenteringthelistforthefirsttimethisyear.LaksmiMitta,anIndianbornsteeltycoon(巨头)enjoyedthebiggestincreaseinpersonalfortune.Hisnetworthhasquadrupled(变成四倍)tothirteenbilliondollarsmakinghimtheworldsthirdrichestman.IngvarKampradfounderoftheSwedishfurniturechainIKEAalsosawabigincreaseinwealthtakinghimtothesixthplace.DevelopingcountriesmakemoreofashowingthaninpastyearsthereareforexamplethreeRussiansandfourIndiansinthetopsixtyrichestpeople,thoughsurprisinglyperhapsnonefromChinaexcludingHongKong.AsianwealthisprobablyunderrepresentedasitsusuallyspreadamongfamilieswhereasForbeslooksatindividuals.RelativelyfewwomenfeatureinthelistamongthemisJKRowling,authoroftheHarryPotternovelsranked620thwithafortuneof519milliondollars.Newentrantstothe金钥匙学校www.jin14.comlistincludethefoundersoftheInternetsearchgroupGoogleSergieBrinandLarryPageeachworthmorethansevenbilliondollarsaftertheircompanysrecentstockmarketdebut.TherichestItalianistheprimeministerSilvioBerlusconirankednumber25intheglobalwealthleague.69.WhichofthefollowingpersonshasthelargestfortuneaccordingtothisyearsForbesmagazineA.LaksmiMitta.B.IngvarKamprad.C.JKRowling.D.SilvioBerlusconi.70.Thereareabout_____personswithafortunebetween100milliondollarsand519milliondollarsintheworld.A.300B.180C.70D.15071.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrueA.NoChinesehasenteredthetopsixtyrichestpeopleintheworld.B.Russiaisadevelopingcountry.C.ThisisthefirsttimethatSergieBrinandLarryPagehasbeenincludedinthelist.D.Therearemorebillionaires(亿万富翁)inNewYorkthananyothercityintheworld.72.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat______.A.TherearemorebillionairesinLondonthaninMoscow.B.Ukraineisaveryrichcountryintheworld.C.JKRowlingsnovelshavesoldverywell.D.TheITindustryisaprofitmakingindustry.EAd.1AprilfoolspartyOnFriday,April1,InnerAffairgoesbacktothedaysoffunkClassicTunesfromthe70sand80sbyDJsDenSion.9pmtilllate.TicketsFreeentranceforthoseincostume,otherwise50YuanUS6Time/date9pm,April1PlaceInnerAffair,1/FQiankunDasha,6SanlitunXiliujie,ChaoyangDistrictTel84540321Ad.2LanguageinuseEnjoyfreeinhousecoffee,teaandbeeraswellasmusicanddancing.PracticeyourChinese,makefriendsandhavefun.Time/date7to9pm,March25PlaceLanguageInUseClub,2/F,ScienceFortuneCenter,8XueqingLu,northofXueyuanLu,HaidianDistrictAd.3Theworstparty金钥匙学校www.jin14.comOrganizedbyozoneproductions,thepartyissettobetheworstever,withthelamestmusicfromthe60s,70sand80s.Specialprizeswillbeawardedtotheworstdressedorforbadfashionsense.TicketsFreeentranceTime/date9pm,April1PlacePula,TianzeLu,OrientalSevenColorsPlaza,ChaoyangDistrictTel64668575Ad.4LaNuitFrancaiseAgainonthe2ndThursdayofthemonthLaNuitFrancaisewillbeheldatLeRendezvous.ThemonthlyeventisanopportunityforallFrenchpeopleandeveryoneinterestedinFranceorspeakingFrenchtogathertogether.Theeveningfeaturesthreeglassesofwineandcanapésforparticipantsandaspecialexhibition.Time/date7to10pm,April14PlaceLeRendezvous,3GongtiBeilu,acrossfromthePacificCenturyPlaza,ChaoyangDistrictTel64629110Ad.5MarcoVDutchDJMarcoVdropsbyBananaforagigwhichissupportedbyHongKongsDJSpark.MarcoVhasbeenaroundformanyyears,asaninventive,styleblendingdeejayandasuccessfulanddevotedproducer.Hisspinningisenergetic,crowdpleasingandneverseesanemptydancefloor.HewasrankedNo.15inthisyearsinternationalDJMAGDJTop100.Tickets40YuanUS4.80inadvance,50YuanUS6atthedoor,bothincludeafreedrinkTime/date10pmto4am,March31,April1PlaceBanana,inthelobbyoftheSciTechHotel,22JianwaiDajie,ChaoyangDistrictTel6528363673.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueofAd.1andAd.3A.Thetwopartieswillbeheldonthesameday.B.Thetwopartieswillbeheldatthesametime.C.Theentrancefeesofthetwopartieswillnotbecharged.金钥匙学校www.jin14.comD.Someoldmusicwillbeplayedattheparties.74.WhichofthefollowingisintendedfortheChineselearnersA.MarcoV.B.LaNuitFrancaise.C.Languageinuse.D.Theworstparty.75.Wecaninferthat______.A.MarcoVisanewlyestablishedbandB.LaNuitFrancaisemaybeFrenchwordsC.theworstpartywillattractalotofcollegestudentsD.youwillenjoyfreedrinkatAprilfoolsparty(一)解答提示56.A词义猜测题。根据TheyareclassifiedascarcinogensbytheInternationalAgencyforResearchonCancer.可知这个词与癌症有关,故可推出carcinogenic意为致癌的。57.C细节题。根据Peoplefoundthedyein1883andgaveitthename.Nobodyknowsthereason,andwecannotgiveanyexplanationbeforewefindout.可知还没有人知道苏丹红名称的由来。58.B推断题。根据EUofficialshavebeenstrivingtoremovesomefoodproductsfromtheshelves.Sofar580productshavebeenrecalled.可知某些食品因含有苏丹红而被召回。故可推断苏丹红经常用作食品添加剂。59.B主旨大意题。根据therehasbeenconfusionoverpossiblelinkstothecountryofthesamename,butSudanofficialssaythereisnoconnectionwhatever.可知本文主要讲苏丹红与苏丹这个国家是否有联系的问题,故B最佳。60.C文章的第一段中,作者叙述了乘客在坐长途车中所见的是广告牌。61.A全文都是作者表述对乘车长途旅行中的广告的意见和看法。62.D从第三段作者对长途乘车中广告太多所表达的情况看,作者不太喜欢沿途的广告牌。63.B由文章第一段第一句和第二句可知答案为B。64.A由第三段第一句和第二句可知。65.B第一段第二句可知。66.A从前面所列举的树木的名字可猜出是一种树。67.C由文中第三段中的叙述,1924-1906=18。68.C由第四段第一、二句可知。69.A推断题。根据makinghimtheworldsthirdrichestman可知LaksmiMitta是世界上排名第三的富人,其他三人在他之后,故这四人中他最富。金钥匙学校www.jin14.com70.C推断题。根据有两个,一是Therearearecord691dollarbillionairesaccordingtoForbesmagazine.根据本句可知,财产超过亿万的富豪有691人。二是JKRowling,authoroftheHarryPotternovelsranked620thwithafortuneof519milliondollars.根据本句可知罗琳财产为5亿1千9百万美元,排在富豪榜第620位,故财产在她之下的亿万富豪为70人左右。71.A细节题。根据thoughsurprisinglyperhapsnonefromChinaexcludingHongKong可知中国大陆无人进入富豪榜前60名,但香港有人进入,故A项陈述是错误的。72.C推断题。根据amongthemisJKRowling,authoroftheHarryPotternovelsranked620thwithafortuneof519milliondollars.可知JK罗琳主要是因为她写的小说哈利波特而位居排行榜第620位,故可断定她写的书一定很畅销。73.C细节题。根据Freeentranceforthoseincostume,otherwise50YuanUS6可知,Aprilfoolsparty晚会化了妆的人可以免费,未化妆的人是要收费的。故C项是不正确的。74.C细节题。根据PracticeyourChinese可知Languageinuse的对象是汉语学习者。75.B推断题。这个广告标题LaNuitFrancaise不像英文,同时根据anopportunityforallFrenchpeopleandeveryoneinterestedinFranceorspeakingFrenchtogathertogether.可知它的对象是法国人及对法国感兴趣的人,可以断定这个标题是用法语写的。(二)ABEUINGAssociatedPress美联社Chinahasagrowingmiddleclass,atradition传统ofexpectingeducationand21millionnewbabieseveryyear.Sellingeducationaltoysshouldbeeasy.WhileChinamaybetheworldsbiggesttoymaker,manyofthebestareexported出口.Departmentstoresheredonothaveenoughhighqualitytoys.Itissaidthatthedemandforeducationaltoysislow.AUScompany,BabyCare,istryingtochangethatwithanewwaytoselltoysinChina.BabyCareworksbasicallytogetherwithdoctorsinBeijinghospitals.Peoplewhojointhecompanysmotherclubcangetlecturesandnewslettersonbabyandchilddevelopmentatnoextracost,iftheyagreetospend18dollarsamonthonthecompanyseducationaltoysandchildcarebooks.Wewanttobuildasevenyearrelationshipwiththosepeople,saidMatthewJ.Estes,BabyCarespresident.Itstartsduringpregnancy孕金钥匙学校www.jin14.com期,whentheanxietyandneedsarehighest.BabyCareworksonaonetoonebasis.Doctors,nurses,andteacherspaidbyBabyCareadviseparents,explaintoysthataredesignedforchildrenateachstage阶段ofdevelopmenttoagesix.BabyCareopeneditsfirststoreinChinalastJuneinashoppingcenterincentralBeijingandanothernearBeijingZoo.Itplanstohave80storesinChinawithinsixyears.ItisanewmodelforChinaanddevelopsamarketinyoungchildrenseducationandhealththatnoothercompaniesarein.56.WhatdothefirsttwoparagraphsmainlytellusA.Educationaltoysandforeigntoymarkets.B.ProblemswithChinastoymarketandeducation.C.ReasonsforpushingsalesofeducationaltoysinChina.D.BabypopulationandvariouskindsoftoysmadeinChina.57.WhichofthefollowingisafactaccordingtothepassageA.ClubmembersbuyBabyCareproductsforfreechildcareadvice.B.DoctorsinBeijinghelpinmakingBabyCareproducts.C.Parentsareencouragedtopay18forclubactivities.D.BabyCaretrainsChinesedoctorsatnoextracost.58.BabyCareisdevelopingitsbusinessinChinaby.A.openingstoresinBeijinghospitalsB.offering18monthcoursesonchildcareC.settingupchildrenseducationcentersD.formingcloserelationshipswithparents59.WhichofthefollowingwouldbethemostsuitabletitleforthepassageA.MothersClubinChina.B.BabyCareandDoctors.C.AmericanCompanyModel.D.EducationalToysinChina.BSTAGEKeepitintheairTheChaoyangTheaterisoneoftheBeijingtheaterstopresentacrobatics杂技allyearround.TopacrobaticartistsinvitedfromalloverthecountryperformforChineseandforeigntourists.Theprogramcontainstrickcycling,leapingthroughhoopsandChinesemagictricks.Someoftheartistshavewonprizesininternationalcompetitions.Time7∶15p.m.DailyPlace36,DongsanhuanBeilu,ChaoyangDistrictTel65072421,65071818UseyourheadGreenHatisanewdramagivenbyagroupofyoungChineseactors.ItsarewriteofAmericanwriterNathanielHawthornesfamousnovelTheScarletLetter.Itdescribestheheroinesgreat
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