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2010年高考英语试题分类汇编——阅读理解(word2003).doc.doc2010年高考英语试题分类汇编——阅读理解(word2003).doc.doc -- 5 元

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为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com1www.ks5u.com2010年高考英语试题分类汇编阅读理解(10湖南)AL1PITORABOUTLIPITORLipitorisaprescriptionmedicine.Alongwithdietandexercise,itlowersbad,cholesterol胆固醇inyourblood.Itcanalsoraisegoodcholesterol.Lipitorcanlowertheriskofheartattackinpatientswithseveralcommonriskfactors,includingfamilyhistoryofearlyheartdisease,highbloodpressure,ageandsmoking.WHOISLIPITORFORWhocantakeLIPITOR.PeoplewhocannotlowertheircholesterolenoughwithdietandexerciseAdultsandchildrenoverl0WhoshouldNOTtakeLIPITOR.Womenwhoarepregnant,maybepregnant,ormaybecomepregnant.Lipitormayharmyourunbornbaby..womenwhoarebreastfeeding.Lipitorcanpassintoyourbreastmilkandmayharmyourbaby.Peoplewithliver肝脏problemsPOSSIBLESIDEEFFECTSOFLIPITORSerioussideeffectsinasmallnumberofpeople.Muscle肌肉problemsthatcanleadtokidney肾脏problems,includingkidneyfailure.Liverproblems.YourdoctormaydobloodteststocheckyourliverbeforeyoustartLipitorandwhileyouaretakingit.Callyourdoctorrightawayifyouhave.Unexplainedmusclepainorweakness,especiallyifyouhaveafeverorfeelveryfired.Swellingoftheface,lips,tongue,and/orthroatthatmaycausedifficultyinbreathingorswallowing为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com2www.ks5u.comStomachpainSomecommonsideeffectsofLIPITORareMusclepainUpsetstomachChangesinsomebloodtestsHOWTOTAKELIPITORDO.TakeLipitorasprescribedbyyourdoctor..TrytoeathearthealthyfoodswhileyoutakeLipitor..TakeLipitoratanytimeofday,withorwithoutfood..Ifyoumissadose一剂,takeitassoonasyouremember.Butifithasbeenmorethan12hourssinceyourmisseddose,wait.Takethenextdoseatyourregulartime.Dont.Donotchangeorstopyourdosebeforetalkingtoyourdoctor..Donotstartnewmedicinesbeforetalkingtoyourdoctor.56.WhatisamajorfunctionofLipitorA.Tohelpquitsmoking.B.Tocontrolbloodpressure.C.Toimproveunhealthydiet.D.Tolowerbadcholesterol.57.TakingLipitorishelpfulfor.A.breastfeedingwomenB.womenwhoarepregnant为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com3www.ks5u.comC.adultshavingheartdiseaseD.teenagerswithliverproblems.58.Ifithasbeenover12hourssinceyoumissedadose,youshouldA.changetheamountofyournextdoseB.eatmorewhentakingyournextdoseC.haveadoseassoonasyourememberD.takethenextdoseatyourregulartime59.WhichofthefollowingisacommonsideeffectoftakingLipitorA.Faceswelling.B.Upsetstomach.C.Kidneyfailure.D.Muscleweakness.60.WhatisthemainpurposeofthepassageA.Toteachpatientswaysforquickrecovery.B.Topresentareportonascientificresearch.C.Toshowtheimportanceofagoodlifestyle.D.Togiveinformationaboutakindofmedicine.本文为药品说明,主要介绍了药品Lipitor的作用、适用人群、副作用及服药的相关注意事项。56.答案D考点细节理解解析根据Alongwithdietandexercise,itlowersbad,cholesterol胆固醇inyourblood.Itcanalsoraisegoodcholesterol.可以推断出答案。57.答案C考点细节理解解析根据Lipitorcanlowertheriskofheartattackinpatientswithseveralcommonriskfactors,includingfamilyhistoryofearlyheartdisease,highbloodpressure,ageandsmoking.和Adultsandchildrenoverl0可以判断选C58.答案D考点细节理解解析根据Ifyoumissadose一剂,takeitassoonasyouremember.Butifithasbeenmorethan12hourssinceyourmisseddose,wait.Takethenextdoseatyourregulartime.可以得出答案59.答案B为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com4www.ks5u.com考点细节理解解析根据SomecommonsideeffectsofLIPITORareMusclepain,Upsetstomach,Changesinsomebloodtests可以得出答案60.答案D考点推理判断题解析文章先总体介绍药品Lipitor的作用,接着介绍药品的适用人群及不适用人群,然后介绍药品的副作用,最后介绍服药的注意事项,由此可以判断选D项。BWhenMaryMoorebeganherhighschoolin1951,hermothertoldher,Besureandtakeatypingcoursesowhenthisshowbusinessthingdoesntworkout,youllhavesomethingtorelyon.Maryrespondedintypicalteenagefashion.Fromthatmomenton,theverylastthingIeverthoughtaboutdoingwastakingatypingcourse,sherecalls.Theshowbusinessthingworkedout,ofcourse.Inhercareer,Marywonmanyawards.Onlyrecently,whenshebegantowriteGrowingUpAgain,didsheregretignoringhermorn,Idontknowhowtouseacomputer,sheadmits.Unlikeher1995autobiography,AfterAll,hersecondbookislessaboutlifeasanawardwinningactressandmoreaboutlivingwithdiabetes糖尿病.AllthemoneyfromthebookisintendedfortheJuvenileDiabetesResearchFoundationJDRF,anorganizationsheservesasinternationalchairman.Ifelttherewasaneedforabooklikethis,shesays.Ididntwanttolecture,butIwantedotherdiabeticstoknowthatthingsgetbetterwhenwereselfcontrolledanddoourpartinmanagingthedisease.Butshehasntalwayspracticedwhatsheteaches.Inherbook,shedescribesthatawfulday,almost40yearsago,whenshereceivedtwopiecesoflifechangingnews.First,shehadlostthebabyshewascarrying,andsecond,testsshowedthatshehaddiabetes.Inachildlikeact,sheleftthehospitalandtreatedherselftoaboxofdoughnuts甜甜圈.Yearswouldpassbeforesherealizedshehadtogrowupagainandtakecontrolofherdiabetes,notletitcontrolher.Onlythendidshekickherthreepackadaycigarettehabit,overcomeheraddictiontoalcohol,andbegintofollowa为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com5www.ks5u.combalanceddiet.Althoughherdiseasehasaffectedhereyesightandforcedhertothesidelinesofthedancefloor,sherefusestofallintoselfpity.Everybodyonearthcanask,whymeaboutsomethingorother,sheinsists.Itdoesntdoanygood.Nooneisimmune免疫的toheartache,pain,anddisappointments.Sometimeswecanmakethingsbetterbyhelpingothers.IvecometorealizetheimportanceofthatasIvegrownupthissecondtime.IwanttospeakoutandbeashelpfulasIcanbe.61.WhydidMaryfeelregretfulA.Shedidntachieveherambition.B.Shedidnttakecareofhermother.C.Shedidntcompleteherhighschool.D.Shedidntfollowhermothersadvice.62,Wecanknowthatbefore1995MaryA.hadtwobookspublishedB.receivedmanycareerawardsC.knewhowtouseacomputerD.supportedtheJDRFbywriting63.MaryssecondbookGrowingUpAgainismainlyabouther.A.livingwithdiabetesB.successfulshowbusinessC.serviceforanorganizationD.remembranceofhermother64.WhenMaryreceivedthelifechangingnews,she.A.lostcontrolofherselfB.beganabalanceddietC.MedtogetatreatmentD.behavedinanadultway65.WhatcanweknowfromthelastparagraphA.Maryfeelspityforherself.B.Maryhasrecoveredfromherdisease.C.Marywantstohelpothersasmuchaspossible.为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com6www.ks5u.comD.Marydeterminestogobacktothedancefloor.【语篇解读】本文为人物介绍说明文。主要介绍了玛丽摩尔的职业生涯及抗病之争。61.答案D考点细节理解题。解析根据第二段Onlyrecently,whenshebegantowriteGrowingUpAgain,didsheregretignoringhermom,Idontknowhowtouseacomputer,sheadmits.可判断选D项。62.答案B考点细节理解题。解析根据第二段Theshowbusinessthingworkedout,ofcourse.Inhercareer,Marywonmanyawards.可判断选B项。63.答案A考点细节理解题。解析根据第三段hersecondbookislessaboutlifeasanawardwinningactressandmoreaboutlivingwithdiabetes糖尿病.可判断选A项。64.答案A考点细节理解题。解析根据第四段Inachildlikeact,sheleftthehospitalandtreatedherselftoaboxofdoughnuts甜甜圈.Yearswouldpassbeforesherealizedshehadtogrowupagainandtakecontrolofherdiabetes,notletitcontrolher.可判断选A项。65.答案C考点推理判断题。解析根据最后一段中的MaryMoore所说的话IvecometorealizetheimportanceofthatasIvegrownupthissecondtime.IwanttospeakoutandbeashelpfulasIcanbe.可推断她想尽可能地去帮助他人,故选C项。CPeoplefromEastAsiatendtohavemoredifficultythanthosefromEuropeindistinguishingfacialexpressionsandanewreportpublishedonlineinCurrentBiologyexplainswhy.RachaelJack,UniversityofGlasgowresearcher,saidthatratherthanscanningevenly均匀为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com7www.ks5u.com的acrossafaceasWesternersdo,Easternersfixtheirattentionontheeyes.WeshowthatEasternersandWesternerslookatdifferentfacefeaturestoreadfacialexpressions,Jacksaid.Westernerslookattheeyesandthemouthinequalmeasure,whereasEasternersfavortheeyesandneglect忽略themouth.AccordingtoJackandhercolleagues,thediscoveryshowsthathumancommunicationofemotionismorecomplexthanpreviouslybelieved.Asaresult,facialexpressionsthathadbeenconsidereduniversallyrecognizablecannotbeusedtoreliablyconveyemotionincrossculturalsituations.Theresearchersstudiedculturaldifferencesintherecognitionoffacialexpressionsbyrecordingtheeyemovementsof13WesternCaucasianand13EastAsianpeoplewhiletheyobservedpicturesof.expressivefacesandputthemintocategorieshappy,sad,surprised,fearful,disgusted,angry,orneutral.Theycomparedhowaccuratelyparticipantsreadthosefacialexpressionsusingtheirparticulareyemovementstrategies.ItturnedoutthatEasternersfocusedmuchgreaterattentionontheeyesandmadesignificantlymoreerrorsthandidWesterners.Theculturaldifferenceineyemovementsthattheyshowisprobablyareflectionofculturaldifferenceinfacialexpressions,Jacksaid.OurdatasuggestthatwhereasWesternersusethewholefacetoconveyemotion,Easternersusetheeyesmoreandmouthless.Inshort,thedatashowthatfacialexpressionsarenotuniversalsignalsofhumanemotion.Fromhereon,examininghowculturalfactorshavediversifiedthesebasicsocialskillswillhelpourunderstandingofhumanemotion.Otherwise,whenitcomestocommunicatingemotionsacrosscultures,EasternersandWesternerswillfindthemselveslostintranslation.66.ThediscoveryshowsthatWesterners.A.payequalattentiontotheeyesandthemouthB.considerfacialexpressionsuniversallyreliableC.observetheeyesandthemouthindifferentwaysD.havemoredifficultyinrecognizingfacialexpressions67.WhatwerethepeopleaskedtodointhestudyA.Tomakeafaceateachother.B.Togettheirfacesimpressive.为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com8www.ks5u.comC.Toclassifysomefacepictures.D.Toobservetheresearchersfaces.68.WhatdoestheunderlinedwordtheyinParagraph6refertoA.Theparticipantsinthestudy.B.Theresearchersofthestudy.C.Theerrorsmadeduringthestudy.D.Thedatacollectedfromthestudy.69.IncomparisonwithWesterners,Easternersarelikelyto.A.dotranslationmoresuccessfullyB.studythemouthmorefrequentlyC.examinetheeyesmoreattentivelyD.readfacialexpressionsmorecorrectly70.WhatcanbethebesttitleforthepassageA.TheEyeastheWindowtotheSoulB.CulturalDifferencesinReadingEmotionsC.EffectiveMethodstoDevelopSocialSkillsD.HowtoIncreaseCrossculturalUnderstanding【语篇解读】本文为科普说明文。主要介绍了最新的科学研究发现东方人比西方人更难于读懂他人的面部表情。66.答案A考点细节理解题解析根据第三段Westernerslookattheeyesandthemouthinequalmeasure,whereasEasternersfavortheeyesandneglect忽略themouth.可以得出答案67.答案C考点细节理解题解析根据第五段byrecordingtheeyemovementsof13WesternCaucasianand13EastAsianpeoplewhiletheyobservedpicturesof.expressivefacesandputthemintocategorieshappy,sad,surprised,fearful,disgusted,angry,orneutral.可以判断选C68.答案A为您服务教育网http//www.wsbedu.com/www.ks5u.com9www.ks5u.com考点词义猜测解析根据定语从句thattheyshow所修饰的eyemovements在研究中为theparticipants所作(从theeyemovementsof13WesternCaucasianand13EastAsianpeople可知)可判断选A69.答案C考点细节理解题解析根据第六段ItturnedoutthatEasternersfocusedmuchgreaterattentionontheeyesandmadesignificantlymoreerrorsthandidWesterners.可判断选C70.答案B考点主旨大意题解析文章首先指出科学研究的最新发现东方人比西方人更难于读懂人的面部表情。之后更具体地介绍研究的结构及其研究过程,最后得出结论文化差异丰富了理解情感的基本社会技巧,即不同的文化背景使人理解他人情感的方式也不尽相同。由此判断最佳标题应为BPart1VWriting45marksSectionA10marksDirectionsReadthefollowingpassage.Fillinthenumberedblanksbyusingtheinformationfromthepassage.WriteNOMORETHANTHREEWORDSforeachanswer.Anapprenticeshipisaformofonthejobtrainingthatcombinesworkplaceexperienceandclassroomlearning.Itcanlastanywherefromonetosixyears,butfouryearsistypicalformost.Anapprenticespendsthemajorityofthetimeinaworkplaceenvironmentlearningthepracticalskillsofacareerfromajourneymansomeonewhohasdonethejobformanyyears.Therestoftheapprenticestimeisspentinaclassroomenvironmentlearningthetheoreticalskillsthecareerrequires.Beinganapprenticeisafulltimeundertaking.Oneoftheadvantagesofapprenticeshipisthatitdoesnotcostapprenticesanything.Thecompaniesthathirethempayforschool.Whatsmore,itoffersapprenticesanearnwhileyoulearnopportunity.Theyusuallystartoutathalfthepayofajourneyman,andthepayincreasesgraduallyastheymovefurtheralonginthejobandstudies.Neartheendoftheapprenticeship,theirwagesare
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