2010年高考总复习[五年高考三年联考]-阅读理解人物传记类.doc.doc2010年高考总复习[五年高考三年联考]-阅读理解人物传记类.doc.doc

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嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用1人物传记类第一部分五年高考题荟萃PASSAGE109浙江E篇FOURPEOPLEINENGLANDBACKIN1953,STAREDATPHOTO51,ITWASN’TMUCHAPICTURESHOWINGABLACKXBUTTHREEOFTHESEPEOPLEWONTHENOBELPRIZEFORFIGURINGOUTWHATTHEPHOTOREALLYSHOWED–THESHAPEOFDNATHEDISCOVERYBROUGHTFAMEANDFORTUNETOSCIENTISTSJAMESWATSON,FRANCISCRICK,ANDMAURICEWILKINSTHEFOURTH,THEONEWHOACTUALLYMADETHEPICTURE,WASLEFTOUTHERNAMEWASROSALINDFRANKLIN”SHESHOULDHAVEBEENUPTHERE,”SAYSHISTORIANMARYBOWDEN”IFHERPHOTOSHADN’TBEENTHERE,THEOTHERSCOULDN’THAVECOMEUPWITHTHESTRUCTURE”ONEREASONFRANKLINWASMISSINGWASTHATSHEHADDIEDOFCANCERFOURYEARSBEFORETHENOBELDECISIONBUTNOWSCHOLARSDOUBTTHATFRANKLINWASNOTONLYROBBEDOFHERLIFEBYDISEASEBUTROBBEDOFCREDITBYHERCOMPETITORSATCAMBRIDGEUNIVERSITYINTHE1950S,WATSONANDCLICKTRIEDTOMAKEMODELSBYCUTTINGUPSHAPESOFDNA’SPARTSANDTHENPUTTINGTHEMTOGETHERINTHEMEANTIME,ATKING’SCOLLEGEINLONDON,FRANKLINANDWILKINSSHONEXRAYSATTHEMOLECULE分子THERAYSPRODUCEDPATTERNSREFLECTIONTHESHAPEBUTWILKINSANDFRANKLIN’SRELATIONSHIPWASALOTROCKIERTHANTHECELEBRATEDTEAMWORKOFWATSONANDCRICK,WILKINSTHOUGHTFRANKLINWASHIREDTOBEHISASSISTANTBUTTHECOLLEGEACTUALLYEMPLOYEDHERTOTAKEOVERTHEDNAPROJECTWHATSHEDIDWASPRODUCEXRAYPICTURESTHATTOLDWATSONANDCRICKTHATONEOFTHEIREARLYMODELSWASINSIDEOUTANDSHEWASNOTSHYABOUTSAYINGSOTHATANGEREDWATSON,WHOATTACKEDHERINRETURN,“MEREINSPECTIONSUGGESTEDTHATSHEWOULDNOTEASILYBENDCLEARLYSHEHADTOTOGOORBEPUTINHERPLACE”ASFRANKLIN’SCOMPETITORS,WILKINS,WATSONANDCRICKHADMUCHTOGAINBYCUTTINGHEROUTOFTHELITTLEGROUPOFRESEARCHERS,SAYSHISTORIANPNINAABIRAMIN1962ATTHENOBELPRIZEAWARDINGCEREMONY,WILKINSTHANKED13COLLEAGUESBYNAMEBEFOREHEMENTIONEDFRANKLIN,WATSONWROTEHISBOOKLAUGHINGATHERCRICKWROTEIN1974THAT“FRANKLINWASONLYTWOSTEPSAWAYFROMTHESOLUTION”NO,FRANKLINWASTHESOLUTION“SHECONTRIBUTEDMORETHANANYOTHERPLAYERTOSOLVINGTHESTRUCTUREOFDNASHEMUSTBECONSIDEREDACODISCOVERER,”ABIRAMSAYSTHISWASBACKEDUPBYAARONKLUG,WHOWORKEDWITHFRANKLINANDLATERWONANOBELPRIZEHIMSELFONCEDESCRIBEDASTHE“DARKLADYOFDNA”,FRANKLINISFINALLYCOMINGINTOTHELIGHT57WHATISTHETEXTMAINLYABOUTATHEDISAGREEMENTSAMONGDNARESEARCHERSBTHEUNFAIRTREATMENTOFFRANKLINCTHEPROCESSOFDISCOVERINGDNADTHERACEBETWEENTWOTEAMSOFSCIENTISTS58WATSONWASANGRYWITHFRANKLINBECAUSESHE嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用2ATOOKTHELEADINTHECOMPETITIONBKEPTHERRESULTSFROMHIMCPROVEDSOMEOFHISFINDINGSWRONGDSHAREDHERDATAWITHOTHERSCIENTISTS59WHYISFRANKLINDESCRIBEDAS“DARKLADYOFDNA”ASHEDEVELOPEDPICTURESINDARKLABSBSHEDISCOVEREDTHEBLACKXTHESHAPEOFDNACHERNAMEWASFORGOTTENAFTERHERDEATHDHERCONTRIBUTIONWASUNKNOWNTOTHEPUBLIC60WHATISTHEWRITER’SATTITUDETOWARDWILKINS,WATSONANDCRICKADISAPPROVINGBRESPECTFULCADMIRINGDDOUBTFUL答案57B58C59D60APASSAGE209重庆B篇HOWTOBEAWINNERSIRSTEVENREDGRAVEWINNEROF5OLYMPICGOLDMEDALS“IN1997IWASFOUNDTOHAVEDEVELOPEDDIABETES糖尿病BELIEVINGMYCAREER(职业生涯)WASOVER,IFELTEXTREMELYLOWTHENONEOFTHESPECIALISTSSAIDTHEREWASTONOREASONWHYISHOULDSTOPTRAININGANDCOMPETINGTHATWASITTHEENCOURAGEMENTINEEDEDICOULDSTILLBEAWINNERIFIBELIEVEDINMYSELFIAMNOTSAYINGTHATITISN’TDIFFICULTSOMETIMESBUTIWANTEDTOPROVETOMYSELFTHATIWASNTFINISHEDYETNOTHINGISTOSTANDINMYWAY”KARENPICKERINGSWIMMINGWORLDCHAMPION“ISWIM4HOURSADAY,6DAYSAWEEKIMANAGETHATSORTOFWORKLOADBYPUTTINGITONTOPOFMYDIARYTHISISTHEKEYTOSUCCESSYOUCAN’TFOLLOWACAREERINANYFIELDWITHOUTBEINGWELLORGANIZEDLISTWHATYOUBELIEVEYOUCANACHIEVETRUSTYOURSELF,WRITEDOWNYOURGOALSFORTHEDAY,HOWEVERSMALLTHEYARE,ANDYOU’LLBEASTEPCLOSERTOACHIEVINGTHEM”KIRSTENBESTPOETWRITER“WHENTHINGSAREGETTINGHARD,AVOICEINSIDEMYHEADTELLSMETHATICAN’TACHIEVESOMETHINGTHEN,THEREAREOTHERDISTRACTIONS,SUCHASFAMILYORHOBBIESTHEKEYISTOCONCENTRATEWHENIFEELTENSE,ITHELPSALOTTOREPEATWORDSSUCHAS‘CALM’,‘PEACE’OR‘FOCUS’,EITHEROUTLOUDORSILENTLYINMYMINDITMAKESMEFEELMOREINCONTROLANDINCREASESMYCONFIDENCETHISISAHABITTHATCANBECOMESECONDNATUREQUITEEASILYANDISAPOWERFULPSYCHOLOGICAL(心理的)TOOL”60WHATDOESSIRSTEVENREDGRAVEMAINLYTALKABOUTADIFFICULTIESINFLUENCEDHISCAREERBSPECIALISTSOFFEREDHIMMEDICALADVICECTRAININGHELPEDHIMDEFEATHISDISEASEDHEOVERCAMETHESHADOWOFILLNESSTOWIN61WHATDOESKARENPICKERINGPUTONTOPOFHERDIARYAHERTRAININGSCHEDULEBHERDAILYHAPPENINGSCHERACHIEVEMENTS嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用3DHERSPORTSCAREER62WHATDOESTHEUNDERLINEDWORD“DISTRACTIONS”PROBABLYREFERTOAWAYSTHATHELPONETOFOCUSBWORDSTHATHELPONETOFEELLESSTENSECACTIVITIESTHATTURNONESATTENTIONAWAYDHABITSTHATMAKEITHARDFORONETORELAX63ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,WHATDOTHETHREEPEOPLEHAVEINCOMMONACOURAGEBDEVOTIONCHARDWORKDSELFCONFIDENCE答案60D61A62C63DPASSAGE309宁夏、海南B篇COMPUTERPROGRAMMERDAVIDJONESEARNS35000AYEARDESIGNINGNEWCOMPUTERGAMESYETHECANNOTFINDABANKREADYTOLETHIMHAVEACREDITCARD(信用卡)INSTEADHEHASBEENTOLDTOWAITANOTHERTWOYEARSUNTILHEIS18THE16YEAROLDWORKSFORASMALLFIRMINLIVERPOOLWHERETHEPROBLEMOFMOSTYOUNGPEOPLEOFHISAGEISFINDINGAJOBDAVID’SFIRMRELEASES(推出)TWONEWGAMESFORTHEFASTGROWINGCOMPUTERMARKETEACHMONTHBUTDAVID’SBIGGESTHEADACHEISWHATTODOWITHHISMONEYEVENTHOUGHHEEARNSALOTHECANNOTDRIVEACARTAKEOUTAMORTGAGE(抵押贷款),ORGETCREDITCARDSDAVIDGOTHISJOBWITHTHELIVERPOOLBASEDCOMPANYFOURMONTHSAGO,AYEARAFTERLEAVINGSCHOOLWITHSIXOLEVELSANDWORKINGFORATIMEINACOMPUTERSHOP“IGOTTHEJOBBECAUSETHEPEOPLEWHORUNTH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