2012年3月高级口译上半场阅读理解第二篇原文.doc.doc2012年3月高级口译上半场阅读理解第二篇原文.doc.doc

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2012年3月高级口译上半场阅读理解第二篇原文RAISINGTHESCHOOLLEAVINGAGEWILLMAKETEACHERSILLWWWGUARDIANCOUKIT’STHESTARTOFTHENEWSCHOOLYEARTHEBELLSGONE,30ODDPUPILSHAVESHUFFLEDINTOCLASSANDYOURENOWFACINGAROOMFULOFSTROPPY17YEAROLDSWHOVERYVOCALLYDONTWANTTOBETHEREASATEACHER,THISMAYWELLBEYOURDAILYREALITYIN2015,WHENALLYOUNGPEOPLEUPTOTHEAGEOF18WILLHAVETOBEEITHERINFULLTIMEEDUCATIONORWORKBASEDTRAININGANDBASEDONWHATHAPPENEDINSPAINWHENTHESCHOOLLEAVINGAGEWASRAISEDFROM14TO16IN1998,NEWRESEARCHFROMECONOMISTSATLANCASTERUNIVERSITYWARNSTHATSCHOOLSCOULDBEHITWITHMASSABSENTEEISMWHENTEACHERSFINDTHEMSELVESUNABLETODOTHEIRJOBBECAUSEHALFTHEIRCLASSISNTINTERESTEDCOLINGREEN,SENIORLECTURERATLANCASTERUNIVERSITYMANAGEMENTSCHOOL,SAYSEVIDENCEFROMSPAINSHOWSTHATRAISINGTHECOMPULSORYPARTICIPATIONAGEISLIKELYTORESULTINLOWERJOBSATISFACTIONFORTEACHERS,GREATERPROBLEMSWITHSTRESS,ANDANDMOREPEOPLELEAVINGTHEPROFESSIONEMPLOYERS,HEPOINTSOUT,WILLHAVEACHOICEASTOWHICHYOUNGPEOPLETHEYTAKEONSCHOOLS,BYCONTRAST,WILLHAVEADUTYTOACCEPTALLCOMERSTHISMEANSTHEREISLIKELYTOBEALARGECOHORTOFTEENAGERSWHOWOULDMUCHRATHERHAVELEFTSCHOOL,BUTWHOWILLBEREQUIREDTOSPENDTWOYEARSMOREWITHTHEIRHEADSINABOOKFORSIXTHFORMTEACHERS,WHOHAVETILLNOWLOOKEDFORWARDTOLESSONSWITHKEENASMUSTARD–ORATLEASTMODERATELYWILLING–ALEVELSTUDENTS,THEDYNAMICOFEVERYCLASSISLIKELYTOCHANGEDRAMATICALLY,ANDISUNLIKELYTOBECONDUCIVETOBETTERLEARNINGOUTCOMESFORANYOFTHOSEINVOLVEDGIVENTHISPROSPECT,SAYSGREEN,TEACHERSSHOULDPAYATTENTIONTOHOWTHEIRDAYTODAYWORKINGLIVESWILLBEAFFECTEDWHENTHESCHOOLLEAVINGAGEGOESUPTHESTUDY,DONEINCOLLABORATIONWITHHISRESEARCHASSOCIATEMARIANAVARRO,SHOWSTHATASSOONASSPAINRAISEDTHESTATUTORYLEAVINGAGE,SECONDARYSCHOOLTEACHERABSENTEEISMROSESHARPLY–ONAVERAGE,BYBETWEEN15TO20ANDITWASNTAONEOFF,GREENSAYSABSENCERATESHAVESTAYEDHIGHINALLTHEYEARSFOLLOWINGTHEREFORMANDTHEINCREASEINTEACHERABSENTEEISMHASCLEARIMPLICATIONS2012年3月高级口译英译汉答案2012年3月高级口译听力音频2012年3月高级口译汉译英答案2012年3月高级口译上半场阅读理解第一篇原文FORTHEQUALITYOFEDUCATIONTHATSTUDENTSRECEIVEAPARTICULARLYTROUBLINGFINDING,HENOTES,ISTHATINCREASESINTEACHERABSENCEWASEVENHIGHERINAREASWHEREFEWERCHILDRENTRADITIONALLYSTAYEDONINSCHOOL,REACHING40INTHEWORSTAREASTEACHERSINTHESESCHOOLSFACEDTHELARGESTCHANGEINTHEMIXOFSTUDENTSAFTERTHEPOLICYWASIMPLEMENTEDOFCOURSE,ITSTHEAREASWITHLARGERPROPORTIONSOFTEENAGERSWHOWOULDPREFERTOLEAVESCHOOLTHATMOSTNEEDEXTRAPROFESSIONALSUPPORTBUTINSTEAD,BECAUSETEACHERSWILLFINDTHEMSELVESUNDERMOREPRESSURE,CLASSESARELIKELYTOBEMOREDISRUPTED,ANDABSENCERATESWILLSHOOTTHROUGHTHEROOFTHERESAREALDANGER,GREENSAYS,THATTHEPOLICYWILLDECREASETHEQUALITYOFEDUCATIONANDTRAININGPROVISIONGREENISNOTSCAREMONGERINGPREVIOUSRESEARCHHASSHOWNTHATTEACHERABSENCEISACAUSEOFPOORPUPILACHIEVEMENTWORSESTILL,THENEGATIVEEFFECTSOFTEACHERSBEINGABSENTINLARGENUMBERSFORLONGPERIODSAREMORESEVEREFORPOORERPUPILSGIVENGROWINGCONCERNABOUTTHELARGENUMBERSOFYOUNGPEOPLEINENGLANDWHOLEAVESCHOOLWITHFEWQUALIFICATIONSANDPROSPECTS,GREENOBSERVESTHATTHERAISINGOFTHESCHOOLLEAVINGAGEWASVIRTUALLYINEVITABLETHEPROFILEOFTHEAUGUSTRIOTERSWILLHAVEADDEDFURTHERSTEELTOTHECOMMITMENTTOKEEPUNDER18SINSIDEONESYSTEMORANOTHER,HESAYSTHEPROBLEMTHEGOVERNMENTFACES,HOWEVER,ISTHATWHILEMANYWORKINGINEDUCATIONMIGHTSHARETHEVIEWTHATITSBETTERFORYOUNGPEOPLETOREMAININEDUCATIONORTRAINING,FORCINGRELUCTANTTEENAGERSTOSTAYONATSCHOOLMAYHAVETHEOPPOSITEEFFECTTOTHEONEMINISTERSINTENDTHEPOTENTIALFORADIRECTEFFECTISCLEARMORESTUDENTSINSCHOOLSANDCOLLEGESWILLLEADTOMORETEACHINGHOURSAND,INTHEABSENCEOFMORETEACHERSASARESULTOFTIGHTENINGBUDGETS,EITHERTOANINCREASEINTEACHINGWORKLOADSORANINCREASEINCLASSSIZES,SAYSGREENALLTHEEVIDENCESUGGESTSTHATTEACHINGANDMANAGINGTHESESTUDENTS,ANDCOMBININGTHEIRNEEDSWITHTHOSEOFYOUNGPEOPLEWHOWOULDHAVECHOSENTOSTAYONALREADY,ISLIKELYTOPRESENTNEWANDDIFFICULTCHALLENGESABSENTEEISMONTHESCALEOBSERVEDBYGREENANDNAVARROINSPAINISONLYONEINDICATOROFTHEIMPACTOFRAISINGTHEPARTICIPATIONAGETHATMINISTERSNEEDTOTAKENOTEOFGREENSUGGESTSTHAT,LIKEALLEMPLOYEES,IFTEACHERSARENOTCOMPENSATEDINSOMEWAYFORASIGNIFICANTCHANGEINTHEESSENTIALNATUREOFTHEIRWORK–THROUGHIMPROVEMENTSINWORKINGCONDITIONSORINCREASEDPAY–ITSLIKELYTOHAVEANEGATIVEEFFECTONHOWTHEYFEELABOUTTHEIRPROFESSIONALPURPOSEFORTHEPOLICYOFRAISINGTHECOMPULSORYLEAVINGAGETOBESUCCESSFUL,MINISTERSWILLBEHEAVILYDEPENDENTONTEACHERSWILLINGNESSTOFLEXANDADAPTAND,PUTBLUNTLY,WORKHARDERINMOREDIFFICULTCONDITIONSGREENSUGGESTSTHATTHEGOVERNMENTWOULDDOWELLTOFINDOUTWHATTEACHERSFEELWOULDRECOMPENSETHEMFORTHECHANGESTHEYLLHAVETOMAKETOTHEIRPROFESSIONALPRACTICEIFNOTHINGISDONE,HEWARNS,ALLTHESEFACTORSADDUPTOTHESAMETHING–APOORERQUALITYEXPERIENCEANDLEVELOFOPPORTUNITIESFORYOUNGPEOPLETHEREISTHEDANGERTHATSCHOOLSWILLBECOMENOTTHEHOPEDFORPLATFORMFORDEVELOPMENT,ENCOURAGEMENTANDINSPIRATION,BUTINSTEADAHOLDINGCAMPFORAGROWINGNUMBEROFDISENGAGEDYOUNGPEOPLE
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