2012年9月大学英语B阅读理解题库(统考).doc.doc2012年9月大学英语B阅读理解题库(统考).doc.doc

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2012年9月大学英语B阅读理解(统考)阅读理解1CARSAREALOTOFFUN,BUTTHEYCOULDALSOBEDANGEROUSWEHAVETOBECAREFULWHENWEDRIVETHEMORRIDEINTHEMIT’SALWAYSAGOODIDEATOPUTONYOURSEATBELTWHENYOU’REINACARWHYTHINKABOUTTHISEXAMPLEYOUPUTANEGGONASKATEBOARDANDGIVEITAPUSHIFTHESKATEBOARDHITSASTONE,ITWILLSTOP,BUTTHEEGGWON’TITWILLFLYTHROUGHTHEAIR,HITTHEGROUNDANDBREAKNOW,THINKWHATWOULDHAPPENIFYOUTIEDTHEEGGTOTHESKATEBOARDWHENTHESKATEBOARDHITSASTONE,THEEGGWON’TGOFLYING,ITWILLSTAYSAFELYONTHESKATEBOARDVOLVO,AFAMOUSSWEDISHCARMAKER,WASTHEFIRSTTOUSESEATBELTSIN1849AIRBAGSAREALSOVERYIMPORTANTFORCARSAFETY,BECAUSESOMETIMESASEATBELTISN’TENOUGHIFTHECARISGOINGREALLYFASTANDRUNSINTOSOMETHING,SEATBELTSCOULDEVENHURTTHEPEOPLEWHOWEARTHEMMOSTNEWERCARSHAVEAIRBAGSINFRONTOFANDNEXTTOTHESEATSWHENACARHITSSOMETHING,ITSAIRBAGSWILLCOMEOUTQUICKLY–INLESSTHANONESECOND–TOKEEPTHEPEOPLEINSIDESAFE1THEPASSAGEMAINLYTELLSUS________AHOWSEATBELTSWORKTOMAKECARSSAFEBWHYWEMUSTTIETHEEGGTOTHESKATEBOARDCTWOIMPORTANTWAYSTOKEEPSAFEINCARSDWHATAIRBAGSARE2THEWRITERGIVESTHEEXAMPLEOFTHEEGGTO________ASHOWWHYITISIMPORTANTTOWEARASEATBELTWHENINACARBTELLUSWHATASKATEBOARDISCSHOWHOWTOWEARASEATBELTDTELLUSTHATEGGSAREEASYTOBREAK3SEATBELTSCANMAKECARSSAFERBECAUSE______ATHEYAREMADEOFSTRONGMATERIALSBTHEYCANSTOPUSFROMHITTINGOTHERCARSCTHEYCANHELPUSSTAYSAFELYONTHESEATSDPEOPLEAREINTERESTEDINTHEM4AIRBAGSAREALSOIMPORTANTFORCARSBECAUSETHEY______AAREMADEOFPLASTICBWORKTOGETHERWITHSEATBELTSTOKEEPUSSAFECAREPUTINFRONTOFANDNEXTTOTHESEATSDCANSTOPCARSHITTINGEACHOTHER5THEBESTTITLEFORTHISPASSAGEIS_______AUSEFULSEATBELTSBMAKEYOURSELFSAFEINCARSCAIRBAGSWORKWELLDEGGONSKATEBOARD2IFYOUASKDANIELRADCLIFFEWHOACTEDHARRYPOTTERTOPICKASPECIALMOMENTFROMTHELATYEAROFHISLIFE,YOUWILLFINDITALMOSTIMPOSSIBLE“OH,WOW,THAT’SREALLYDIFFICULT,”HESAYSWITHASMILE“THEREHAVEBEENSOMANYTHINGS,SOMANYMEMORIESTHATATTIMESIT’SHARDTORECALLTHEMALL,”SAYSDANIEL“BUTIGUESSONEOFTHEBESTONESWASTHELONDONPREMIEREFORTHEPHILOSOPHER’SSTONEITWASJUSTAMAZING,ONEOFTHEBESTNIGHTSOFMYLIFE”“BUTI’VEHADSUCHAGREATTIMEDOINGTHECHAMBEROFSECRETSILOVEDOINGTHEWORKILOVEMEETINGNEWPEOPLEANDBEINGPARTOFTHETEAMIT’SBEENGREAT”DANIELHASCHANGEDHETURNED14INJULY,2002HEISTALLER,HISVOICEISDEEPERANDHISFRAMEISFILLINGOUTASHEBEGINSHISTEENAGEYEARS,ANDHEHASBECOMEANEXCELLENTACTOR,TOODANIELWASBORNINLONDONWHEREHISFATHER,ALAN,WORKEDASANAGENTANDHISMOTHER,MARCIA,ASACASTINGDIRECTOR,ANDBOTHHAVEBEENANESSENTIALGUIDINGINFLUENCEONTHEIRONLYCHILD1HOWOLDWASDANIELRADCLIFFIN2003A15B16C14D132WHATISDANIELRADCLIFF’SMEMORYABOUTTHEPASTYEARACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEAHEDIDN’TREMEMBERANYTHINGABOUTITBHEHADSOMANYBADMEMORIESABOUTITCTHEREWEREAMAZINGEXPERIENCESINTHEPASTYEARDTHEREWERENOTMANYUNFORGETTABLETHINGSINTHEPASTYEAR3WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTMENTIONEDASALIKINGBYDANIELAMAKINGFRIENDSBBEINGANACTORCBEINGPARTOFTHETEAMDBECOMINGADIRECTOR4WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEADANIEL’SPARENTSAREALLFILMSTARSBDANIEL’SPARENTSINFLUENCEDDANIELGREATLYCDANIELHASNEVERHADANYINFLUENCEFROMHISPARENTSDDANIELHASBROTHERSANDSISTERS5DANIELWASBORNIN_______ANEWYORKBBEIJINGCPARISDLONDON3THEDARKSMOKETHATCOMESOUTOFSTACKSORFROMABURNINGDUMPCONTAINSTINYBITSOFSOLIDORLIQUIDMATTERTHESMOKEALSOCONTAINSMANYGASES,MOSTOFWHICHCANNOTBESEENALTOGETHER,THEYMAKEUPTHESERIOUSPROBLEMSOFAIRPOLLUTIONINSOMANYPLACESITKEEPSUSFROMSEEINGTHESUN,IRRITATESOUREYES,CAUSESUSTOCOUGHANDMAKESUSILLAIRPOLLUTIONCANSPREADFROMCITYTOCITYITEVENSPREADSFROMONECOUNTRYTOANOTHERSOMENORTHERNEUROPEANCOUNTRIESHAVEHAD“BLACKSNOW”FROMPOLLUTANTSTHATHAVETRAVELEDTHROUGHTHEAIRFROMOTHERCOUNTRIESANDHAVEFALLENWITHTHESNOWSOAIRPOLLUTIONISAGLOBALPROBLEMITCANKILLBABIES,OLDERPEOPLEANDTHOSEWHOHAVERESPIRATORYDISEASEIN1952,FOURTHOUSANDSPEOPLEDIEINONEWEEKASARESULTOFASERIOUSAIRPOLLUTIONBREAKOUTINLONDONIN1948INASMALLTOWNOFPENNSYLVANIA,20PEOPLEDIEDINAFOURDAYPERIODOFAIRPOLLUTIONASOFTENFOUNDINCITIES,AIRPOLLUTIONINCREASESTHERISKOFLUNGDISEASE,SUCHASBRONCHITISANDASTHMAOFCOURSE,SMOKINGANDOTHERFACTORSHELPTOCAUSETHESEILLNESSES,TOO,BUTTHESECAUSESHAVEINCREASEDGREATLYDURINGRECENTYEARSASAIRPOLLUTIONHASBECOMEWORSE1WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUEABOUTTHE“BLACKSNOW”INCIDENTAITHAPPENEDINTHENORTHERNEUROPEANCOUNTRIESBITHAPPENEDTHEREBECAUSEAIRPOLLUTIONINTHESECOUNTRIESWASMOSTSERIOUSCPOLLUTANTSTHATFELLWITHSNOWMADEITDIRTYDITISAGLOBALPROBLEM2WHOCANBEKILLEDBYAIRPOLLUTIONAEARTHANDPLANTSBSTONESANDBIRDSCTHOSEWHOSUFFERFROMRESPIRATORYILLNESSESDBOTHAANDC3HOWMANYPEOPLEDIEDOFAIRPOLLUTIONINPENNSYLVANIAIN1948A4,000B20CNONED40204WHATAREBRONCHITISANDASTHMAADIFFERENTTYPESOFHEADACHESBLUNGDISEASECHEARTDISEASEDDIFFERENTTYPESOFSTOMACHACHES5ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,AIRPOLLUTIONINCREASESPEOPLE’SCHANCEOFGETTING______AHEADACHEBALUNGDISEASECSTOMACHACHEDNERVOUSBREAKDOWN4MYGRANDPARENTSCANBEGOODFUNTHEYARERETIRED,SOTHEYDON’TWORKANYMOREMYGRANDFATHERIS68ANDMYGRANDMOTHERIS67,BUTTHEY’RENOTTOOOLDTOBEACTIVETHEYEXERCISEBYPLAYINGGOLFANDTHEYGOOUTFORMEALSANDTOTHETHEATERSOMETIMESTHEYTAKEMEOUT,TOOWEHAVEAGOODTIMETHEYALSOGOONGREATHOLIDAYSLASTYEAR,THEYWENTTOCHINAANDWALKEDALONGTHEGREATWALLSOMETIMESMYGRANDPARENTSLIKETOCRITICIZEMETHEYTHINKTHATCHILDRENTODAYHAVEANEASYLIFELIFEWASVERYDIFFERENTWHENTHEYWEREYOUNGANDTHEREAREMANYT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