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2012年9月大学英语B阅读理解题库(统考).doc.doc2012年9月大学英语B阅读理解题库(统考).doc.doc -- 5 元

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2012年9月大学英语B阅读理解(统考)阅读理解1.Carsarealotoffun,buttheycouldalsobedangerous.Wehavetobecarefulwhenwedrivethemorrideinthem.Itsalwaysagoodideatoputonyourseatbeltwhenyoureinacar.WhyThinkaboutthisexampleyouputaneggonaskateboardandgiveitapush.Iftheskateboardhitsastone,itwillstop,buttheeggwont.Itwillflythroughtheair,hitthegroundandbreak.Now,thinkwhatwouldhappenifyoutiedtheeggtotheskateboard.Whentheskateboardhitsastone,theeggwontgoflying,itwillstaysafelyontheskateboard.Volvo,afamousSwedishcarmaker,wasthefirsttouseseatbeltsin1849.Airbagsarealsoveryimportantforcarsafety,becausesometimesaseatbeltisntenough.Ifthecarisgoingreallyfastandrunsintosomething,seatbeltscouldevenhurtthepeoplewhowearthem.Mostnewercarshaveairbagsinfrontofandnexttotheseats.Whenacarhitssomething,itsairbagswillcomeoutquickly–inlessthanonesecond–tokeepthepeopleinsidesafe.1.Thepassagemainlytellsus________.A.howseatbeltsworktomakecarssafe.B.whywemusttietheeggtotheskateboardC.twoimportantwaystokeepsafeincarsD.whatairbagsare2.Thewritergivestheexampleoftheeggto________.A.showwhyitisimportanttowearaseatbeltwheninacarB.telluswhataskateboardisC.showhowtowearaseatbeltD.tellusthateggsareeasytobreak3.Seatbeltscanmakecarssaferbecause______A.theyaremadeofstrongmaterialsB.theycanstopusfromhittingothercarsC.theycanhelpusstaysafelyontheseatsD.peopleareinterestedinthem4.Airbagsarealsoimportantforcarsbecausethey______A.aremadeofplasticB.worktogetherwithseatbeltstokeepussafeC.areputinfrontofandnexttotheseatsD.canstopcarshittingeachother5.Thebesttitleforthispassageis_______A.UsefulSeatBeltsB.MakeYourselfSafeinCarsC.AirBagsWorkWellD.EggonSkateboard2.IfyouaskDanielRadcliffewhoactedHarryPottertopickaspecialmomentfromthelatyearofhislife,youwillfinditalmostimpossible.Oh,wow,thatsreallydifficult,hesayswithasmile.Therehavebeensomanythings,somanymemoriesthatattimesitshardtorecallthemall,saysDaniel.ButIguessoneofthebestoneswastheLondonPremiereforThePhilosophersStone.Itwasjustamazing,oneofthebestnightsofmylife.ButIvehadsuchagreattimedoingTheChamberofSecrets.Ilovedoingthework.Ilovemeetingnewpeopleandbeingpartoftheteam.Itsbeengreat.Danielhaschanged.Heturned14inJuly,2002.Heistaller,hisvoiceisdeeperandhisframeisfillingoutashebeginshisteenageyears,andhehasbecomeanexcellentactor,too.DanielwasborninLondonwherehisfather,Alan,workedasanagentandhismother,Marcia,asacastingdirector,andbothhavebeenanessentialguidinginfluenceontheironlychild.1.HowoldwasDanielRadcliffin2003A.15B.16C.14D.132.WhatisDanielRadcliffsmemoryaboutthepastyearaccordingtothepassageA.Hedidntrememberanythingaboutit.B.Hehadsomanybadmemoriesaboutit.C.Therewereamazingexperiencesinthepastyear.D.Therewerenotmanyunforgettablethingsinthepastyear.3.WhichofthefollowingisnotmentionedasalikingbyDanielA.Makingfriends.B.Beinganactor.C.Beingpartoftheteam.D.Becomingadirector.4.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassageA.Danielsparentsareallfilmstars.B.DanielsparentsinfluencedDanielgreatly.C.Danielhasneverhadanyinfluencefromhisparents.D.Danielhasbrothersandsisters.5.Danielwasbornin_______.A.NewYorkB.BeijingC.ParisD.London3.Thedarksmokethatcomesoutofstacksorfromaburningdumpcontainstinybitsofsolidorliquidmatter.Thesmokealsocontainsmanygases,mostofwhichcannotbeseen.Altogether,theymakeuptheseriousproblemsofairpollution.Insomanyplacesitkeepsusfromseeingthesun,irritatesoureyes,causesustocoughandmakesusill.Airpollutioncanspreadfromcitytocity.Itevenspreadsfromonecountrytoanother.SomenorthernEuropeancountrieshavehadblacksnowfrompollutantsthathavetraveledthroughtheairfromothercountriesandhavefallenwiththesnow.Soairpollutionisaglobalproblem.Itcankillbabies,olderpeopleandthosewhohaverespiratorydisease.In1952,fourthousandspeopledieinoneweekasaresultofaseriousairpollutionbreakoutinLondon.In1948inasmalltownofPennsylvania,20peoplediedinafourdayperiodofairpollution.Asoftenfoundincities,airpollutionincreasestheriskoflungdisease,suchasbronchitisandasthma.Ofcourse,smokingandotherfactorshelptocausetheseillnesses,too,butthesecauseshaveincreasedgreatlyduringrecentyearsasairpollutionhasbecomeworse.1.WhichofthefollowingisnottrueabouttheblacksnowincidentA.IthappenedinthenorthernEuropeancountries.B.Ithappenedtherebecauseairpollutioninthesecountrieswasmostserious.C.Pollutantsthatfellwithsnowmadeitdirty.D.Itisaglobalproblem.2.WhocanbekilledbyairpollutionA.Earthandplants.B.StonesandbirdsC.Thosewhosufferfromrespiratoryillnesses.D.BothAandC.3.HowmanypeoplediedofairpollutioninPennsylvaniain1948A.4,000.B.20.C.NoneD.40204.WhatarebronchitisandasthmaA.Differenttypesofheadaches.B.Lungdisease.C.Heartdisease.D.Differenttypesofstomachaches.5.Accordingtothepassage,airpollutionincreasespeopleschanceofgetting______.A.headacheB.alungdiseaseC.stomachacheD.nervousbreakdown4.Mygrandparentscanbegoodfun.Theyareretired,sotheydontworkanymore.Mygrandfatheris68andmygrandmotheris67,buttheyrenottoooldtobeactive.Theyexercisebyplayinggolfandtheygooutformealsandtothetheater.Sometimestheytakemeout,too.Wehaveagoodtime.Theyalsogoongreatholidays.Lastyear,theywenttoChinaandwalkedalongtheGreatWall.Sometimesmygrandparentsliketocriticizeme.Theythinkthatchildrentodayhaveaneasylife.Lifewasverydifferentwhentheywereyoungandtherearemanythingsaboutmylifethattheydonotunderstand.Theytellme,overandover,howtheyhadtostartworkat16.TheyknowthatIwillgoontouniversityandwontbegettingajobuntilIam22TheyalsothinkIhavetoomanypossessions,suchasmobilephones,computersandPSPs.Whentheywereyoung,theydidnthaveanythinglikethat.Whattheydonnotrealizeisthattheycannotcomparechildrenapresenttime.TheyhadthesamekindsofthingsastherestofpeopleoftheiragesodoI.itwouldbeverystrangeifIonlyhadthepossessionsthattheyhadwhentheyweremyage.1.Grandparentsdontworkanymorebecause______.A.theyaretiredB.theywanttoplaygolf.C.theyareretiredD.theywanttoenjoytheirlife.2.Mygrandparentssometimescriticizeme.Onereasonisthat_____.A.Idontgoonholidayswiththem.B.Iwontworkuntil22.C.theyhadtoworkat16.D.Childrentodayhaveaneasylife.3.Grandparents_______whentheywereyoung.A.hadthesamelifeaswehavetoday.B.hadthesamekindsofthingsaswehave.C.hadthesamekindsofthingsaspeopleoftheirageD.hadmanypossessions,includingmobilephones,computerandPSPs.4.WhatdoesthissentencebuttheyarenottoooldtobeactivemeanA.Theyareold,sotheyarenotactiveB.Theyareold,buttheyarestillactive.C.Theyareretired,sotheyactive.D.Whentheywereyoung,theywereactive.5.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrueA.Mygrandparentslovemeverymuch.B.Mygrandparentsdontunderstandmanythingsaboutmylife.C.MygrandparentsdontthinkIneedtoomanypossessions.D.Mygrandparentshaverealizedtheyshouldntcomparechildrenatpresenttime.5.Communityserviceisanimportantcomponentofeducationhereatouruniversity.Weencourageallstudentstovolunteerforatleastonecommunityactivitybeforetheygraduate.AnewcommunityprogramcalledOneonOnehelpselementarystudentswhovefallenbehind.Youreducationmajorsmightbeespeciallyinterestedinitbecauseitofferstheopportunitytodosometeaching,thatis,tutoringinmathandEnglish.Youdhavetovolunteertwohoursaweekforonesemester.Youcanchoosetohelpachildwithmath,English,orboth.Halfhourlessonsarefine,soyoucoulddoahalfhourofeachsubjecttwodaysaweek.ProfessorDogewillactasamentortothetutorshellbeavailabletohelpyouwithlessonplansortooffersuggestionsforactivities.HehasofficehourseveryTuesdayandThursdayafternoon.Youcansignupfortheprogramwithhimandbeginthetutoringnextweek.Imsureyoullenjoythiscommunityserviceandyoullgainvaluableexperienceatthesametime.Itlooksgoodonyourresume,too,showingthatyouvehadexperiencewithchildrenandthatyoucareaboutyourcommunity.Ifyoudlikeittosignup,orifyouhaveanyquestions,stopbyProfessorDogesofficethisweek.1.WhatisthepurposeofthetalkA.Toexplainanewrequirementforgraduation.B.Tointereststudentsinanewcommunityprogram.C.Todiscusstheproblemsofelementaryschoolstudents.D.Torecruitelementaryschoolteachersforaspecialprogram.2.WhatisthepurposeoftheprogramthatthespeakerdescribesA.Tofindjobsforgraduatingstudents.B.Tohelpeducationmajorsprepareforfinalexams.C.Tooffertutorialtoelementaryschoolstudents.D.Toprovidefundingforacommunityserviceproject.3.WhatdoesProfessorDodgedoA.Headvicesstudentstoparticipateincertainprogram.B.heteachesparttimeinanelementaryschool.C.heobserveselementaryschoolstudentsintheclassroom.D.hehelpsstudentspreparetheirresumes.4.WhatshouldstudentswhoareinterestedinthetutorialsdoA.Contacttheelementaryschool.B.Signupforaspecialclass.C.Submitaresumetothedean.D.TalktoProfessorDodge.5.WhomdoyouthinkthespeakeraddressestoA.FacultyB.StudentsC.ResidentsD.Graduatedstudents6.TheChineseNewYearisnowknownastheSpringFestivalbecauseitstartsfromthebeginningofspring.Thoughtherearesomesayingsaboutitsorigin,allagreethatthewordNian,whichinmodernChinesemeansyear,wasoriginallythenameofabeastthatstartedtoeatpeoplethenightbeforethebeginningofanewyear.OnestorygoesthatthebeastNianhadaverybigmouththatwouldtakeinagreatmanypeopleatonetime.Peoplewereveryafraid.Oneday,anoldmancametotheirhelpandsaidhewouldstopallthis.HesaidtoNain,Ihearthatyouareverystrong,butcanyoueatupallthebeastsonearthinsteadofpeoplewhoaretooweaktobeyourenemiesYes,Nianagreedwithhimandwenttokillmanyofthebeastsonearth.Peoplewereveryhappybecausethosebeastsalsodidbadthingstopeopleandkilledtheirfarmanimalsfromtimetotime.Afterthat,theoldman,whowasagod,rodeonthebeastNianandleft.Nianwasgone,andotherbeastsalsowentintoforestspeoplebegantoenjoytheirhappylife.Beforetheoldmanleft,hehadtoldpeopletoputupredpapercutsontheirwidowsanddoorsateachyearsendtodriveNianaway,becauseredisthecolorthebeastfeltmostafraidof.Fromthenon,everyyearatthebeginningofspring,peoplepreparetoGuoNian.ThewordGuoNianmeansgothroughtheNiansafely.PuttingupredpapercutstodriveNianawayandmakingdumplingsforabetternewyeararestillaneveryyeardoingbytheChinesepeople.Howeverpeopletodayhavelongforgottenwhytheyaredoingallthis,theyjustfeelthecolorandthefoodmaketheNewYearveryenjoyable.1.TheChineseNewYearisalsocalled______A.theBeginningofSpringB.theSpringFestivalC.TheNewSpringD.TheBeastNian2.HowdidtheoldmanstopNianfromeatingpeopleA.Byputtingredpapercutsonwindows.B.ByeatingupbeastsC.BytalkingtohimD.Byridingonhim.3.WhydidpeopleputupredpapercutsinsteadofthoseofanyothercolorA.BecauseNianlikedthecolorred.B.BecausethecolorredcolorkillNian.C.Becausetheoldmanlikedthecolorred.D.BecauseNianwasafraidofthecolorred.4.Thebesttitleofthispassageis________A.TheOriginoftheChineseNewYearB.TheOldManandtheBeastNianC.HowtoGoThroughtheNianSafelyD.WhatNianWasLike5.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.NiancaneatupallthebeastsonearthatonetimeB.NianisatallbeastthatlikestoeatfarmanimalsC.NianisafraidofpapercutsD.Niandoesntliketousehisownmind.7.HermanhadworkedforthebankofRuritaniafortenyearsandwasstillonlyaclerk.Hewasnotsatisfiedwiththepositionandwantedtofindsomethingbetter.Yethedidnotwanttolosehispositioninbankbeforehehadgotanotherone,sohepreparedaletterabouthimself,withthewordsHELPIAMAPRISONEROFTHEBANKOFRURITANIAinbiglettersacrossthetop.Thenhesentittoseveralotherbanks,askingthemforajob.Afewdayslater,oneoftheseletterscameintothehandsofHermansbossatthebanksomeonehadgivenittohimataparty.Thenextmorning,Hermansbossaskedhimtocomeintohisroomandsaid,Herman,Ihavesomeverygoodnewsforyou.ThebankofRuritaniaissettingyoufree赫曼为鲁里坦尼亚银行工作了十年却还只是一名普通职员。他对于目前的职位并不满意,想换一个更好的工作。然而,在找到新工作之前,他并不想失去在这家银行的工作。因此,他为自己准备了一封求职信,用大写字母在信的顶端写着救命我是鲁里坦尼亚银行的一名囚犯他把信件寄到了其他几家银行寻求一份工作。几天后,赫曼寄出的众多信中的一封落入了他老板的手里。是别人在一个聚会上把赫曼的信交给他老板的。第二天上午,赫曼的老板让赫曼到他办公室去,问他赫曼,我有一个好消息给你。鲁里坦尼亚银行现在正式释放你。1、Hermanwasnothappybecause________.赫曼不快乐因为,A.hedidnotliketoworkinabankB.hehadwishedtohaveahigherpositioninthebank他希望在银行可以得到升职。C.hehadworkedinthebanktoolongD.hewasinprisoninthebank
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