2012年大学英语B统考阅读理解重点题解析.doc.doc2012年大学英语B统考阅读理解重点题解析.doc.doc

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2012年12月大学英语B统考阅读理解重点题解析1题库不是为一个人准备的,所以这次我们做到尽量完整,大家根据各自情况选择复习PASSAGE1VERYFEWPEOPLEWERECOMINGTOEATATTHEWHITEROSERESTAURANT,ANDITSOWNERDIDNTKNOWWHATTODOTHEFOODINHISRESTAURANTWASCHEAPANDGOOD,BUTNOBODYSEEMEDTOWANTTOEATTHERETHENHEDIDSOMETHINGTHATCHANGEDALLTHAT,ANDINAFEWWEEKSHISRESTAURANTWASALWAYSFULLOFMENANDTHEIRLADYFRIENDSWHENEVERAGENTLEMANCAMEWITHALADY,ASMILINGWAITERGAVEEACHOFTHEMABEAUTIFULMENUTHEMENUSLOOKEDEXACTLYTHESAMEONTHEOUTSIDE,BUTTHEREWASANIMPORTANTDIFFERENCEINSIDETHEMENUTHATTHEWAITERHANDEDTOTHEMANGAVETHECORRECTPRICEFOREACHDISHANDEACHBOTTLEOFWINE;WHILETHEMENUTHATHEHANDEDTOTHELADYGAVEAMUCHHIGHERPRICESOWHENTHEMANCALMLYORDEREDDISHAFTERDISHANDWINEAFTERWINE,THELADYTHOUGHTHEWASMUCHMOREGENEROUSTHANHEREALLYWAS1THEWAITERGAVEABEAUTIFULMENUTOTHEGUESTSWHENAGENTLEMANANDHISLADYFRIENDCAMEINTOTHERESTAURANTATBF2THEMENUSFORTHEGUESTSWERETHESAMEONTHEOUTSIDEBUTDIFFERENTINSIDEATBF3THEMALEGUESTCOULDREMAINCALMWHENHEORDEREDDISHAFTERDISHBECAUSEHEWASRICHATBF4THELADYTHOUGHTOFHERFRIENDVERYGENEROUSAFTERAMEALATTHISRESTAURANTATBF5THESTORYMAINLYSUGGESTSTHATPEOPLELIKETOGOTOEXPENSIVERESTAURANTSATBF答案BABABPASSAGE2MRWHITELIVEDINASMALLVILLAGEHISPARENTSHADNTENOUGHMONEYTOSENDHIMTOSCHOOLHEHADTOHELPTHEMTODOSOMETHINGINTHEFIELDSBUTHEDIDNTLIKETOLIVEINTHEPOORPLACEWHENHEWASSIXTEEN,HEGOTTOTHETOWNANDFOUNDWORKINAFACTORYTHREEYEARSLATERHEBECAMETALLANDSTRONGSOHEWASSENTTOAFRICAASASOLDIERHESTAYEDTHEREFORFIVEYEARSANDGOTSOMEMONEYTHENHECAMEBACKTOENGLANDANDBOUGHTASHOPINASMALLTOWNNOPEOPLEINTHETOWNWENTTOAFRICAEXCEPTHIMANDHEHOPEDTHEYTHOUGHTHEWASAFAMOUSMANANDTHATTHEYCOULDRESPECTHIMTHECHILDRENOFTENASKEDHIMTOTELLTHEMSOMESTORIESANDHISLIFEINAFRICAONEDAYAFEWCHILDRENASKEDHIMTOTELLTHEMSOMETHINGABOUTTHEANIMALSINAFRICAHETOLDTHEMHOWHEFOUGHTWITHTHETIGERSANDELEPHANTSHISSTORIESSURPRISEDTHEMALLANDSOMEPOLICEMENANDWORKERSWENTTOLISTENTOHIMITMADEHIMHAPPIERJUSTAMANWHOTAUGHTGEOGRAPHYINAMIDDLESCHOOLPASSEDTHEREHESTOPPEDTOLISTENTOHIMFORAWHILEANDTHENSAID,COULDYOUPLEASETELLUSARAREANIMAL,SIRCERTAINLY,SAIDMRTURNERONEDAYIMETARHINOCEROS(犀牛)BYARIVERPLEASEWAITAMINUTE,SIR,SAIDTHEMANTHEREARENTANYRHINOCEROSINAFRICAATALLITSRAREJUSTBECAUSETHEREARENTANY6MRWHITEWASBORNINAFARMERSFAMILYATBF7MRWHITEHOPEDTOBERESPECTEDBECAUSEHEWASTHERICHESTMANINTHEIRTOWNATBF8THECHILDRENOFTENASKEDHIMTOTELLTHEMSOMETHINGINTERESTINGBECAUSEHEKNEWMORETHANANYOTHERPERSONINTHETOWNATBF9ALLPEOPLEBELIEVEDMRWHITEEXCEPTTHECHILDRENATBF10MRWHITEWOULDNTLIKETOADMITTHATHEWASWRONGATBF答案ABABAPASSAGE3WEAREBUSYTALKINGABOUTANDUSINGTHEINTERNET,BUTHOWMANYOFUSKNOWTHEHISTORYOFTHEINTERNETMANYPEOPLEARESURPRISEDWHENTHEYFINDTHATTHEINTERNETWASSETUPINTHE1960SATTHATTIME,COMPUTERSWERELARGEANDEXPENSIVECOMPUTERNETWORKDIDNTWORKWELLIFONECOMPUTERINTHENETWORKBROKEDOWN,THENTHEWHOLENETWORKSTOPPEDSOANEWNETWORKSYSTEMHADTOBESETUPITSHOULDBEGOODENOUGHTOBEUSEDBYMANYDIFFERENTCOMPUTERSIFPARTOFTHENETWORKWASNOTWORKING,INFORMATIONCOULDBESENTTHROUGHANOTHERPARTINTHISWAYCOMPUTERNETWORKSYSTEMWOULDKEEPONWORKINGONTHETIMEATFIRSTTHEINTERNETWASONLYUSEDBYTHEGOVERNMENT,BUTINTHEEARLY1970S,UNIVERSITIES,HOSPITALSANDBANKSWEREALLOWEDTOUSEITTOOHOWEVER,COMPUTERSWERESTILLVERYEXPENSIVEANDTHEINTERNETWASDIFFICULTTOUSEBYTHESTARTOFTHE1990S,COMPUTERSBECAMECHEAPERANDEASIERTOUSESCIENTISTSHADALSODEVELOPEDSOFTWARETHATMADESURFINGINTHEINTERNETMORECONVENIENTTODAYITISEASYTOGETONLINEANDITISSAIDTHATMILLIONSOFPEOPLEUSETHEINTERNETEVERYDAYSENDINGEMAILISMOREANDMOREPOPULARAMONGSTUDENTSTHEINTERNETHASNOWBECOMEONEOFTHEMOSTIMPORTANTPARTSOFPEOPLESLIFE11THEINTERNETHASAHISTORYOFMORETHANFOURTYYEARSATBF12ANEWNETWORKSYSTEMWASSETUPTOMAKECOMPUTERSCHEAPERATBF13ATFIRSTTHEINTERNETWASONLYUSEDBYTHEGOVERNMENTATBF14SOFTWAREMADESURFINGTHEINTERNETMORECONVENIENTATBF15TODAYITSSTILLNOTEASYTOGETONLINEATBF答案ABAABPASSAGE4IN1920,BARELYOUTOFHISTEENS,ALFREDHITCHCOCKWENTTOWORKFORANAMERICANFILMCOMPANYWHICHHADOPENEDASTUDIOINISLINGTON,LONDONHISFIRSTJOBATTHESTUDIOWASWRITINGCAPTIONS(脚本)FORSILENTMOVIESWITHINTWOYEARS,HEWASWRITINGSCRIPTS(剧本)ANDWORKINGASANASSISTANTDIRECTORFORTHERESTOFTHE1920S,HITCHCOCKWORKEDONONEFILMAFTERANOTHERINBRITAINANDGERMANYFILMINGWASOFTENAROUGHANDREADY(匆忙做成的)AFFAIRANDTHEASSISTANTDIRECTORWASREQUIREDTOSTEPINANDPLUGGAPSACAMERAMANWENTMISSING,HITCHCOCKBECAMEACAMERAMANASCENENEEDEDREWRITING,HITCHCOCKREWROTEITSOMEONENEEDEDTOBEINCHARGEOFMONEYWHENTHEFILMCREWWASONLOCATION,HITCHCOCKLOOKEDAFTERTHEMONEYATTHESAMETIME,THISBEINGTHEERAOFSILENTMOVIES,HITCHCOCKWASLEARNINGTHELANGUAGEOFCINEMATELLINGASTORY-NOTTHROUGHDIALOGUE,BUTTHROUGHVISUALIMAGES(视觉影象)THISLEDTOHISSUCCESSLATERWHENHEBEGANTODIRECTHISOWNFILMS,FIRSTINBRITAINANDLATERINHOLLYWOOD,HEWASDETERMINEDTOMAKEFILMSTHATHELDTHEAUDIENCESATTENTIONANDKEPTTENSION(紧张感)HESUCCEEDEDHITCHCOCKSABILITYTOPUTYOUONTHEEDGEOFYOURSEATMAKESHIMONEOFTHEGREATESTMAKERSOFSUSPENSE(悬念)MOVIES16ALFREDHITCHCOCKSFIRSTJOBATTHESTUDIOWASWRITINGCAPTIONSFORSILENTMOVIESATBF17ACCORDINGTOTHECONTEXT,STEPINANDPLUGGAPSINLINE3,PARA2MEANSASKINGFORONESHELPATBF18TELLINGASTORYTHROUGHDIALOGUEPREPAREDHITCHCOCKFORHISSUCCESSLATERATBF19HEWASDETERMINEDTODRAWTHEAUDIENCESATTENTIONANDKEEPTENSIONINHISFILMMAKINGATBF20HEHADTAKENUPDIFFERENTJOBSBEFOREHESUCCEEDEDA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