2012年职称英语综合类阅读理解新增文章(含练习解析及译文)可打印.doc.doc2012年职称英语综合类阅读理解新增文章(含练习解析及译文)可打印.doc.doc

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2012年职称英语综合类新增文章阅读理解1第一篇TELLINGTALESABOUTPEOPLE讲述关于人们的故事2第八篇THECHANGINGMIDDLECLASS变化中的中产阶级3第十篇ALETTERFROMALAN艾伦的来信4第十一篇THEDEVELOPMENTOFBALLET芭蕾舞的发展5第十六篇THESAHARA撒哈拉沙漠6第十七篇EIFFELISANEYEFUL(2011年教材中为C级文章)引人注目的埃菲尔铁塔7第十八篇GOALOFAMERICANEDUCATION(2011年教材中为C级文章)美国教育的目标8第十九篇THEFAMILY家庭9第二十篇TALESOFTHETERRIBLEPAST讲述可怕的过去10第二十一篇SPACINGINANIMALS(2011年教材中为C级文章)动物的空间距离11第二十二篇SOMETHINGSWEKNOWABOUTLANGUAGE(2011年教材中为C级文章)我们知道的关于语言的一些事情12第二十三篇THEONLYWAYISUP(2011年教材中为C级文章)只好向上13第二十四篇CLONEFARM(2011年教材中为C级文章)克隆农场14第二十五篇INCOME(2011年教材中为C级文章)收入15第二十六篇SEEINGTHEWORLDCENTURIESAGO看许久以前的世界16第二十七篇IMPORTANCEOFSERVICES(2011年教材中为C级文章)服务业的重要性17第二十八篇THENATIONALPARKSERVICE(2011年教材中为C级文章)国家公园的服务机构18第二十九篇FINDYOURSELFPACKINGITONBLAMEFRIENDS(2011年教材中为C级文章)发现自己变胖了这得责怪朋友们19第三十篇LUCKYLORDLUCANALIVEORDEAD“幸运的”鲁肯伯爵一是死是活20第三十三篇OSEOLAMCCARTY老妇人OSEOLAMCCARTY21第三十四篇TOHAVEANDHAVENOT逃亡22第三十五篇GOINGHEROWNWAY选择她自己的路23第三十六篇ATALEOFSCOTTISHRURALLIFE(2011年教材中为B级文章)一个关于苏格兰乡村生活的故事24第三十七篇POPMUSICINAFRICA非洲的流行音乐25第三十八篇WHYSOMANYCHILDREN为什么有这么多的孩子26第三十九篇EATTOLIVE(2011年教材中为B级文章)为了活着吃饭27第四十篇NARROWESCAPE(2011年教材中为B级文章)美国疾病预防新政策28第四十七篇NARROWESCAPE九死一生第一篇TELLINGTALESABOUTPEOPLEONEOFTHEMOSTCOMMONTYPESOFNONFICTION,ANDONETHATMANYPEOPLEENJOYREADING,ISSTORIESABOUTPEOPLESLIVESTHESESTORIESFALLINTOTHREEGENERALCATEGORIESAUTOBIOGRAPHY,MEMOIR,ANDBIOGRAPHYANAUTOBIOGRAPHYISTHESTORYOFAPERSONSLIFEWRITTENBYHIMSELFORHERSELFOFTENITBEGINSWITHTHEPERSONSEARLIESTRECOLLECTIONSANDENDSINTHEPRESENTAUTOBIOGRAPHYWRITERSMAYNOTBEENTIRELYOBJECTIVEINTHEWAYTHEYPRESENTTHEMSELVESHOWEVER,THEYOFFERTHEREADERAGOODLOOKATTHEWAYTHEYAREANDWHATMAKESTHEMTHATWAYPEOPLEASDIVERSEASBENJARMINFRANKLINANDHELENKELLERHAVEWRITTENAUTOBIOGRAPHIES1OTHERWRITERS,SUCHASJAMESJOYCE,HAVEWRITTENTHINLYFICTIONALIZEDACCOUNTSOFTHEIRLIVESTHESEARENOTAUTOBIOGRAPHIES,BUTTHEYAREVERYCLOSETOITMEMOIRS,STRICTLYSPEAKING,AREAUTOBIOGRAPHICALACCOUNTSTHATFOCUSASMUCHONTHEEVENTSOFTHETIMESASONTHELIFEOFTHEAUTHOR2MEMOIRWRITERSTYPICALLYUSETHESEEVENTSASBACKDROPSFORTHEIRLIVESTHEYDESCRIBETHEMINDETAILANDDISCUSSTHEIRIMPORTANCERECENTLY,THOUGH,THETERMMEMOIRSEEMSTOBEBECOMINGINTERCHANGEAB1EWITHAUTOBIOGRAPHYAMEMOIRNOWADAYSMAYORMAYNOTDEALWITHTHEOUTSIDEWORLDBIOGRAPHIESAREFACTUALACCOUNTSOFSOMEONEELSESLIFEINMANYSENSES,THESEMAYBETHEHARDESTOFTHETHREETYPESTOWRITEAUTOBIOGRAPHYWRITERSKNOWTHEEVENTSTHEYWRITEABOUTBECAUSETHEYLIVEDTHEMBUTBIOGRAPHYWRITERSHAVETOGATHERINFORMATIONFROMASMANYDIFFERENTSOURCESASPOSSIBLETHENTHEYHAVETODECIDEWHICHFACTSTOINCLUDETHEIRGOALISTOPRESENTABALANCEDPICTUREOFAPERSON,NOTONETHATISOVERLYPOSITIVEORTOOCRITICALAFAIRWELLPRESENTEDBIOGRAPHYMAYTAKEYEARSTORESEARCHANDWRITE词汇BACKDROP/BK,DRP/N背景INTERCHANGEABLE/INTTENDBL/ADJ可转换的注释1PEOPLEASDIVERSEASBENJAMINFRANKLINANDHELENKELLERHAVEWRITTENAUTOBIOGRAPHIES就像本杰明富兰克林和海伦凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。2MEMOIRS,STRICTLYSPEAKING,AREAUTOBIOGRAPHICALACCOUNTSTHATFOCUSASMUCHONTHEEVENTSOFTHETIMESASONTHELIFEOFTHEAUTHOR严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件的自传性的描述。练习1THISPASSAGEISMOSTLYABOUT_______ATHECHARACTERISTICSOFAUTOBIOGRAPHIES,MEMOIRS,ANDBIOGRAPHIESBFAMOUSAUTOBIOGRAPHIESCWHYBIOGRAPHYCANBEDIFFICULTTOWRITEDDIFFERENCESBETWEENAUTOBIOGRAPHIESANDMEMOIRS2HELENKELLERWROTE________AAMEMOIRBANAUTOBIOGRAPHYCAWORKOFFICTIONDABIOGRAPHY3AUTOBIOGRAPHYWRITERSARENOTALWAYSOBJECTIVEBECAUSETHEY________AFEELTHEYHAVETOMAKEUPDETAILSTOMAKETHEIRBOOKSSELLBCONSTANTLYCOMPETEWITHBIOGRAPHYWRITERSCWANTTOPRESENTTHEMSELVESINAGOODLIGHTDHAVETROUBLEREMEMBERINGTHEGOODTIMES4THEWRITERINTRODUCESEACHCATEGORYINTHEPASSAGEBY________ADEFININGITBGIVINGANEXAMPLECEXPLAININGWHYITISHARDTOWRITEDTELLINGWHENPEOPLEFIRSTBEGANWRITINGIT5DIVERSEMEANS________AABLETOSWIMINDEEPWATERBSIMILARORALIKECVARIEDORDIFFERENTDENJOYINGPOETRY答案与题解1A本题问的是这篇文章主要是关于文章第一句说到最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些来描述人们生活的故事,这些故事大致分为三类自传回忆录和传记。然后通篇对这三种类型进行了介绍,因此A是正确答案。2B本题问的是海伦凯勒谢了什么第二段第5句话写到就像本明杰富兰克林和海伦凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。因此B是正确答案。3C本题问的是自传作者通常不太客观,因为他们第二段提到他们给读者提供了一个途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格,因此答案是C,他们想展示自己好的一面。4A本题问的是本文的作者通过何种方式介绍每种类型的非小说文学作品答案是A,通过给每个类型进行定义。5C本题问的是DIVERSE的意思是其汉语意思为“多种多样的”,因此C正确。第八篇THECHANGINGMIDDLECLASSTHEUNITEDSTATESPERCEIVESITSELFTOBEAMIDDLECLASSNATIONHOWEVER,MIDDLECLASSISNOTAREALDESIGNATION,NORDOESITCARRYPRIVILEGES1ITISMOREOFAPERCEPTION,WHICHPROBABLYWASASTRUEASITEVERCOULDBERIGHTAFTERWORLDWARIITHEECONOMYWASGROWING,MOREANDMOREPEOPLEOWNEDTHEIROWNHOMES,WORKERSHADSOLIDCONTRACTSWITHTHECOMPANIESTHATEMPLOYEDTHEM,ANDNEARLYEVERYONEWHOWANTEDAHIGHEREDUCATIONCOULDHAVEONESUCCESSFULPEOPLEENJOYEDUPWARDSOCIALMOBILITYTHEYMAYHAVESTARTEDOUTPOOR,BUTTHEYCOULDBECOMERICHSUCCESSFULPEOPLEALSOFOUNDTHATTHEYHADGREATERGEOGRAPHICMOBILITYINOTHERWORDS,THEYFOUNDTHEMSELVESMOVINGTOANDLIVINGINAVARIETYOFPLACESTHEMIDDLECLASSCOLLECTIVELYHOLDSSEVERALVALUESANDPRINCIPLESONESTRONGVALUEISTHENEEDTOEARNENOUGHMONEYTOFEELTHATONECANDETERMINEONESOWNECONOMICFATEINADDITION,MIDDLECLASSMORALITYEMBRACESPRINCIPLESOFINDIVIDUALRESPONSIBILITY,IMPORTANCEOFFAMILY,OBLIGATIONSTOOTHERS,ANDBELIEVINGINSOMETHINGOUTSIDEONESELF2BUTINTHE1990STHOSEINTHEMIDDLECLASSFOUNDTHATTHEREWASAPRICEFORSUCCESSAUSNEWSWORLDREPORTSURVEYIN1994INDICATEDTHAT75PERCENTOFAMERICANSBELIEVEDTHATMIDDLECLASSFAMILIESCOULDNOLONGERMAKEENDSMEET3BOTHSPOUSESNOWWORKED,ASDIDSOMEOFTHECHILDREN;LONGCOMMUTESBECAMEROUTINE;THENEEDFORCHILDCAREPUTSTRAINSON4THEFAMILY;ANDPUBLICSCHOOLSWERENOTASGOODASTHEYONCEWEREMEMBERSOFTHEMIDDLECIASSWERENOLONGERFINANCINGTHEIRLIFESTYLESTHROUGHEARNINGSBUTWEREUSINGCREDITTOSTAYAFLOATTHEUNDERSTANDINGOFJUSTWHATMIDDLECLASSMEANTWASCHANGING词汇DESIGNATION/DEZIGNEIN/N称号COMMUTE/KMJUT/N上下班路程MOBILITY/MUBILTI/N流动性注释1HOWEVER,MIDDLEC1ASSISNOTAREALDESIGNATION,NORDOESITCARRYPRIVILEGES然而,中产阶级既不是一个真实的称号,也不会带来特别待遇。2INADDITION,MIDDLEC1ASSMORALITYEMBRACESPRINCIPLESOFINDIVIDUALRESPONSIBILITY,IMPORTANCEOFFAMILY,OBLIGATIONSTOOTHERS,ANDBELIEVINGINSOMETHINGOUTSIDEONESLF另外,中产阶级的道德观包括个人的责任感、家庭的重要性、对他人的使命感以及相信自我以外的事物。3MAKEENDSMEET收支相抵,维持生活4PUTSTRAINSON带来压力练习1THEINFORMATIONINTHISPASSAGEDEALSWITH_______AANINDIVIDUALBASOCIALANDECONOMICGROUPCAPOLITICALORGANIZATIONDGOVERNMENT2ACOMMONMIDDLECLASSVALUEISTHAT________APEOPLESHOULDALWAYSHAVEFUNBCHILDRENSHOULDBESEENANDNOTHEARDCDEBTISNOTHINGTOWORRYABOUTDTHEFAMILYISVERYIMPORTANT3LNTHEYEARSAFTERWORLDWARII,THEMIDDLECLASSCOULDBEDEFINEDAS_______AOVERBURDENEDANDINDEBTBHARDWORKINGANDSUSPICIOUSCPROSPEROUSANDOPTIMISTICDYOUNGANDFOOLISH4THEPHRASE“INOTHERWORDSINTHEFIRSTPARAGRAPHMEANSTHATTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTIS_____AANEXCEPTIONTOTHEPREVIOUSIDEABADENIALOFTHEPREVIOUSIDEACARESTATEMENTOFTHEPREVIOUSIDEADACONTRASTINGIDEA5THEWORDCOLLECTIVELYMEANS______AASAGROUPBHESITATINGLYCUNKNOWINGLYDWEAKLY答案与题解1B本题的问题是本文的信息是关于本文通篇讲述美国的中产阶级,指的是社会和经济群体,因此选择B。2D本题的问题是一个普遍的中产阶级价值观是本篇第二段最后一句话讲到,“中产阶级的道德观包括个人的责任感、家庭的重要性、对他人的使命感以及相信自我以外的事物”。A、B、C三个选项不包括在内,因此正确答案是D。3C本题的问题是在二战之后的几年,中产阶级可以被定义为,本篇第一段提到了当时美国经济不断增长并且人们生活水平有了提高,因此选择C选项,繁荣并且乐观。4C本题的问题是第一段中的LNOTHERWORDS这个短语与下列说法一致的是,INOTHERWORDS汉语意思是换句话来说,因此正确答案是C。5A本题的问题是单词COLLECTIVELY的汉语意思是“相同地”,选择A。I第十篇ALETTERFROMALANIHAVELEARNTOFAPLANTOBUILDTHREEHUNDREDHOUSESONTHELANDCALLEDPARSONSPLACEBYTHEFOOTBALLGROUNDFEWPEOPLEKNOWABOUTTHISNEWPLANTOINCREASETHESIZEOFOURTOWNFORME,PARSONSPLACEISSPECIALBECAUSEITISABEAUTIFULNATURALAREAWHERELOCALPEOPLECANRELAXTHESMALLWOODHASMANYUNUSUALTREESANDTHESTREAMISPOPULARWITHFISHERMENANDBIRDWATCHERSITSVERYQUIETBECAUSETHEREAREFEWHOUSESORROADSNEARBYITHINKTHATLOSINGTHISAREAWILLBETERRIBLEBECAUSEWEHAVENOOTHERSIMILARFACILITIESINTHENEIGHBOURHOODIAMALSOAGAINSTTHISPLANBECAUSEITWILLCAUSETRAFFICPROBLEMSHOWWILLTHEPEOPLEFROMTHENEWHOUSESTRAVELTOWORKTHEMOTORWAYANDTHERAILWAYSTATIONAREONTHEOTHERSIDEOFTOWNTHEREFORE,THESEPEOPLEWILLHAVETODRIVETHROUGHTHETOWNCENTREEVERYTIMETHEYGOANYWHERETHEROADSWILLALWAYSBEFULLOFTRAFFIC,THEREWILLBENOWHERETOPARKANDTHETOURISTSWHOCOMETOSEEOURLOVELYOLDBUILDINGSWILLLEAVESHOPSANDHOTELSWILLLOSEBUSINESSIFTHETOWNREALLYNEEDSMOREHOMES,THEEMPTYGROUNDBESIDETHERAILWAYSTATIONISAMORESUITABLEPLACENODOUBTTHEBUILDERSWILLMAKEALOTOFMONEYBYSELLINGTHESEHOUSESBUT,INMYOPINION,THEAVERAGEPERSONWILLQUICKLYBEMADEPOORERBYTHISPLANASWELLASTHIS,WEWILLLOSEAVERYSPECIALPLACEANDOURTOWNWILLBEMUCHLESSPLEASANTIAMGOINGTOTHELOCALGOVERNMENTOFFICESONMONDAYMORNINGTOPROTESTABOUTTHISPLANANDIHOPETHATYOURREADERSWILLJOINMETHEREWEMUSTMAKETHEMSTOPTHISPLANBEFOREITISTOOLATE词汇FACILITY/F’SILTI/N场所,设施PROTEST/PRU’TEST/V抗议MOTORWAY/‘MUTWEI/N高速公路注释1FORME,PARSONSPLACEISSPECIALBECAUSEITISABEAUTIFULNATURALAREAWHERELOCALPEOPLECANRELAXTHESMALLWOODHASMANYUNUSUALTREESANDTHESTREAMISPOPULARWITHFISHERMENANDBIRDWATCHERS对我来说,帕森场是非常特别的,因为它是一个美丽的天然场地并且当地人可以在此放松休息。这片小树林里有许多独特的树木并且这里的小溪受到了渔夫和野鸟观察者的欢迎。2THEROADSWILLALWAYSBEFULLOFTRAFFIC,THEREWILLBENOWHERETOPARKANDTHETOURISTSWHOCOMETOSEEOURLOVELYOLDBUILDINGSWILLLEAVE公路上将总是有很多车辆,却没有地方停车,并且来参观我们这儿可爱的老式建筑物的观光者将会离开这里。3ASWELLASTHIS,WEWILLLOSEAVERYSPECIALPLACEANDOURTOWNWILLBEMUCHLESSPLEASANT不但如此,我们将失去一个非常特别的地方并且我们的城镇将会失去很多快乐。练习1WHYHASALANWRITTENTHISLETTERATOPERSUADETHEGOVERNMENTTOBUILDNEWHOUSESBTOPROTESTABOUTANEWMOTORWAYNEARTHETOWNCTOENCOURAGEMOREPEOPLEINTHETOWNTOUSEPARSONSPLACEDTOINFORMOTHERPEOPLEABOUTTHEBUILDERSPLANS2WHYISPARSONSPLACEPARTICULARLYIMPORTANT,INALANSOPINIONABECAUSEITISNEARTHEFOOTBALLGROUNDBBECAUSELOTSOFPEOPLELIVENEARITCBECAUSEITISAPLACENEARTHETOWNWHEREPEOPLECANENJOYNATUREDBECAUSELOCALPEOPLECANGETTHEREEASILYBYCARFROMTHETOWN3WHATWILLCAUSETRAFFICJAMSAABUILDINGONPARSONSPLACEBBUILDINGNEARTHERAILWAYSTATIONCTOURISTSINTHENARROWSTREETSDPEOPLEGOINGTOTHESHOPSANDHOTELS4ALANSAYSTHATORDINARYPEOPLEWHOLIVEINTHETOWNWILLPROBABLYSOON_____AOPENNEWSHOPSANDHOTELSBCHOOSETOLIVENEARTHESTATIONCBEABLETOBUYNEWHOMESDHAVELESSMONEY5WHICHOFTHESEPOSTERSHASALANMADEASAVEOURSPORTSGROUNDBSAYNOTOHOUSESONPARSONSPLACECWENEEDHOMESNOTHOTELSDUSETHETRAINNOTTHEROAD答案与题解1D本题问的是为什么ALAN写这封信A、B、C选项在文中没有提到,D选项的意思是让其他人了解建筑商的计划,因此D是正确答案。2C本题问的是在ALAN看来,为什么帕森场非常重要第一段中提到“因为它是一个美丽的天然场地并且当地人可以在此放松休息”。因此C是正确答案。3A本题问的是什么将会引起交通堵塞第二段提到了,如果按照建筑商的计划,那么“公路上将总是有很多车辆,却没有地方来停车”。因此选择A。4D本题问的是ALAN说住在城镇的人们将来可能会,本文第三段提到“每个人将会因这个计划的实施而快速地变穷。因此选择D。5B本题问的是以下哪个是ALAN制作的海报ALAN在本文中一直在说抵制建筑商在帕森场上建造房屋的计划,因此选择B,对帕森场上的房屋说不。第十一篇THEDEVELOPMENTOFBALLETBALLETISADANCEFORMTHATHASALONGHISTORYTHEFACTTHATITSURVIVESTOTHISDAYSHOWSTHATITHASADJUSTEDASTIMESHAVECHANGEDBALLETBEGANINTHEROYALCOURTSDURINGTHERENAISSANCEATTHATTIMEITBECAMECOMMONFORKINGSANDQUEENS,ASWELLASOTHERNOBILITY,TOPARTICIP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