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2012年中考英语考点跟踪复习题23.doc2012年中考英语考点跟踪复习题23.doc -- 5 元

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www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com考点跟踪训练23九年级Units1315基础巩固Ⅰ.单项选择1.Iknockedovermyteacup.Itwentrightover________keyboard.Youshouldntputdrinksnear________computer.A.the/B.theaC.a/D.aa答案B解析考查冠词。句意我打翻了茶杯。它正好泼在键盘上。你不应该把饮料放在电脑旁边。此处键盘为特指用the电脑为泛指用a。故选B。2.Pleasesend________bestwishestoMary.A.IB.meC.myD.mine答案C解析考查人称代词。bestwishes美好的祝愿是名词短语,前应用形容词性物主代词my。3.Ithinkyoucan________moneybyyourselftobuyabirthdaypresentforyourmother.OK.Illtry.Illnotletapennywaste.2011十堰A.spendB.saveC.costD.leave答案B解析考查动词词义辨析。spend花费save节约cost价值leave离开。根据句意我认为你可以省点钱给你妈妈买礼物。好的,我尽量。我不会浪费每一分钱。故选B。4.Wouldyoulike________cupofteaA.otherB.theotherC.anotherD.others答案C解析考查不定代词。你还要一杯茶吗再一杯,又一杯为泛指。故用another。5.Wouldyoulikesomefriedricewww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comIwouldrathereatnoodles________havebeefinthem.2011镇江A.thatB.thanC.whatD.as答案B解析考查固定句式。wouldratherdo...thando...宁愿而不愿。故选B。6.WhichsportareyouinattheschoolsportmeetingNodecisionyet.Ithinkit________afterdiscussingwithmyPEteacher,MrYuan.A.willbedecidedB.willdecideC.wasdecidedD.isdecided答案A解析考查动词语态。句意在学校运动会中,你参加哪个项目还没决定,它将在我体育老师与袁老师讨论后才被决定。判断应用一般将来时的被动语态。故选A。7.Imverytiredthesedaysbecauseofstudyingforphysics.Whynot________muisc.Itcanmakeyou________.A.listentorelaxingB.tolistentotorelaxC.listeningtorelaxD.listentorelax答案D解析考查非谓语动词。whynot后接动词原形,排除B、C项relaxing修饰物,不能用来表达人的感受,排除Amake意为使后接不带to的动词不定式。句意为什么不听听音乐呢它可以使你放松。故选D。8.Excuseme.MayIuseyoureraser,pleaseSure.________A.WatchoutB.WelldoneC.Goahead.D.Followme.答案C解析考查交际用语。句意打扰了。我可以用一下你的橡皮吗当然,去拿吧。watchout小心,welldone干得好,goahead去拿吧,followme跟我来。故选C。www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comⅡ.根据首字母或中文提示填写单词1.MrWhiteisateacher.Heworksinamiddles.2.Igupathaftpastsixeverymorning.3.InChangshaitsveryhotinsummerandverycinwinter.4.IcouldlookamyselfwhenIwasten.5.Pleasekeepyoureyesclosed.DontothemuntilIsayOK.6.Collectingstampsisoneofmy爱好.7.Itsnot礼貌的totalkwithyourmouthfull.8.Ithinkthetelephonewas发明in1876.9.Chinaisgettingricherandstrongerinthenew世纪.10.Wellbeabletofinishtheproject容易的.答案1.school2.get3.cold4.after5.open6.hobbies7.polite8.invented9.century10.easily综合提能Ⅰ.完形填空Ifyouliketobreakthingswhenyouareunhappy,thenNanjingZhonghuaMiddleSchoolistheschoolforyou.Thisterm,NanjingZhonghuaMiddleSchoolwillbuildastresswall发泄墻tohelpstudentswhofeelunhappybecauseofschoolworkorotherreasons.Studentscan__1__hitthewallorwriteonthewall__2__makesthemsad,saidTaoDehua,aleaderattheschool.Shesaidthewallwillbebuilt__3__inacorner,farfromthemainbuilding.Taoalsosaidthe__4__ofastresswallstartedwhenfootprints脚印werefoundonsomenewly__5__wallsandsomeschoolwindowswerebroken.Thesethings__6__becausesomestudentsfeellotsofpressure压力fromtheirstudiesorbecausetheydontgetalongvery__7__withotherstudents,Taosaid.AccordingtoaFebruary16reportontheXinhuaNewsAgencys新华社__8__,15percentofjuniorsinChinaarestressedout.ShenCuihua,theschoolsdoctor,thinksvisitingthewallcanhelpwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comstressedstudentstofeel__9__.Whenunderstress,thebodygetsreadytoeitherrunorfightandbecomesveryserious.Hittingthewallcanhelp__10__thebodyandtakeawaystress.__11__thestresswallwontbereadyuntilSeptember,manystudentsarealreadyhopingitcanmaketheirliveseasier.Testsandhomeworkmakemesad,saidLiuYang,ajunior3girl.Icant__12__tohitthewall.Itwillhelpmealotwithmy__13__.But15yearoldLiualsosaidshewillonlygotohitthewallifnooneelseisthere.Anothergirlstudentwhowouldntgivehernamesaidthewallwont__14__forher.Mainlybecauseitcanttalk,shesaid.IneedtotalktosomeonewhenImsad.WuYiming,aNanjingUniversityprofessor教授,saidbuildingthewallcouldbe__15__.Kidswhohitthewallcouldstartfightingmorewitheachother,hesaid.1.A.neitherB.eitherC.bothD.hardly2.A.thatB.howC.whatD.where3.A.somewhereB.anywhereC.everywhereD.nowhere4.A.adB.chanceC.instructionD.idea5.A.offeredB.bornC.paintedD.produced6.A.happenB.changeC.pourD.spill7.A.happilyB.wellC.easilyD.widely8.A.channelB.pathC.displayD.website9.A.warmerB.easierC.betterD.quieter10.A.relaxB.keepC.protectD.enjoy11.A.SinceB.AsC.AlthoughD.Whenever12.A.forgetB.waitC.helpD.stopwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com13.A.experiencesB.journeysC.subjectsD.problems14.A.waitB.lookC.workD.care15.A.dangerousB.safeC.ordinaryD.painful语篇解读本文为说明文。为了发泄不必要的压力,南京中华中学建了发泄墙。本文详细介绍了发泄墙的利与弊,读来令人深思。1.B。根据下文中...orwriteonthewall可知此处是either...or...结构,意为要么要么,或者或者,学生们要么击墙,要么在墙上写字。neither和nor连用,意为两者都不both意为两者都与and连用。2.C。what作主语,同时又引导宾语从句作write的宾语。同学们既可以击墙,又可以把不顺心的事写在墙上,以示发泄。3.A。根据句意墙可以建在远离主建筑物的角落里知应选A。4.D。当他们看到墙上的脚印时他们就会产生建发泄墙的想法。idea想法,主意。5.C。newlypaintedwall新粉刷的墙。6.A。happen发生change变化pour倾倒spill溅出。因为一些学生感到来自学业的压力或他们与别的学生相处不好时,这些事情就发生了。7.B。getalongwellwith...和相处得好。8.D。根据新华社网站发布的消息可知应选D。channel频道path小路display呈现。9.C。参观这面墙能使有压力的学生感觉好一点。better较好的easier更容易点quieter更安静点warmer更温暖点。10.A。击墙能放松身体,消除压力。relax放松keep保持protect保护enjoy享受。11.C。尽管要到九月份,发泄墙才能完成。Although引导让步状语从句。12.B。我迫不及待地去击墙。cantwaittodosth.迫不及待地去做某事canthelpdoingsth.禁不住去做某事。13.D。根据句意发泄墙可有助于解决我的问题可知选D。problem问题experience经历journey旅行subject科目。14.C。发泄墙对她来说不起作用。work起作用,有效果。15.A。根据下文可知发泄墙可能引起其他不良现象,如打架等,这是发泄墻危险的一面。dangerous危险的safe安全的ordinary普通的painful疼痛的。www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comⅡ.阅读理解Wecanachieveknowledgeeitheractivelyorpassively被动地.Weachieveitactivelybydirectexperience,bytestingandprovinganidea,orbyreasoning.Weachieveknowledgepassivelybybeingtoldbysomeoneelse.MostofthelearningthattakesplaceintheclassroomandthekindthathappenswhenwewatchTVorreadnewspapersormagazinesispassive.Ifweachieveknowledgebypassivelearning,itsnotsurprisingthatwedependonitinoureverydaycommunicationwithfriendsandcoworkers.Unfortunately,passivelearninghasaseriousproblem.Itmakesustendtoacceptwhatwearetoldevenwhenitislittlemorethanhearsayandrumor谣言.HaveyoueverplayedthegameRumorItbeginswhenonepersonwritesdownamessagebutdoesntshowittoanyone.Thenthepersonwhispersit,wordforword,toanotherperson.Thatpersoninturn,whispersittostillanother,andsoon,throughallthepeopleplayingthegame.Thelastpersonwritesdownthemessagewordforwordasheorshehearsit.Thenthetwowrittenstatementsarecompared.Typically,theoriginalmessagehaschanged.Thatswhathappensindailylife.Thesimplefactthatpeoplerepeatastoryintheirownwordschangesthestory.Then,too,mostpeoplelistenimperfectly.Andmanyenjoyaddingtheirowncreativetouchtothestory,tryingtoimproveonit,stamping打上标记itwiththeirownpersonalstyle.Yetthosewhohearitthinktheyknow.ThisprocessisalsofoundamongscholarsandwritersAstatementofopinionbyonewritermayberestatedasfactbyanother,whomayinturnbequotedbyyetanotherandthisprocessmaycontinue,unlessithappenstosomeonetoquestionthefacts.1.Accordingtothepassage,passivelearningmayoccurin________.A.doingamedicalexperimentB.solvingamathproblemC.visitinganexhibitionD.doingscientificreasoning2.TheunderlinedworditinParagraph2refersto________.A.activelearningB.knowledgeC.communicationD.passivelearning3.ThewritermentionsthegameRumortoshowthat________.www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comA.amessagemaybechangedwhenbeingpassedonB.amessageshouldbedeliveredindifferentwaysC.peoplemayhaveproblemswiththeirsenseofhearingD.peopletendnottobelieveinwhattheyknowasrumor4.WhatcanweinferfromthepassageA.Activelearningislessimportant.B.Passivelearningmaynotbereliable.C.Activelearninghappensmoreoften.D.Passivelearningisnotfoundamongwriters.语篇解读本文是一篇议论文。主要讲述了获得知识的两种方式主动地和被动地。主动地获得知识是本文提倡的获得知识的有效方式,而被动地获得知识则有许多弊端,甚至会使人获得错误的知识。阅读本文时,要注意论点和论据的结合。1.C。细节理解题。由第二段第一句Weachieveknowledgepassivelybybeingtoldbysomeoneelse.得知,被动地接受知识主要是靠别人告诉,而参观展览时获得的知识正是靠别人讲述获得的,故选C。A、B和D都是主动获得知识的方式,故不选。2.D。词义猜测题。由第二段第三句Ifweachieveknowledgebypassivelylearning...中的passivelearning可知答案为D。3.A。推理判断题。题干提到的例子是说明第三段论点的一个论据,又由第四段最后一句Typically,theoriginalmessagehadchanged.可知应选A。4.B。推理判断题。本篇主要讲的是被动学习的危害和不足,故B为最佳选项。A本身是错误的,故排除我们获得知识很多时候是通过被动的方式,故C是错误的,应排除由文章最后一段第一句Thisprocessisalsofoundamongscholarsandwriters...可知D是错误项。Ⅲ.书面表达如今,中学生的假期生活发生了很大变化。假定你是李明,美国的笔友Lisa想了解中国学生现在的假期生活。请写封回信。要点如下1.学习和休闲仍然重要2.帮忙做家务或干农活farmwork3.参加社会活动,做志愿者工作,帮助他人。注意请结合实际增加细节,适当发挥。DearLisa,Imgladtohavereceivedyourletter.Ourholidaylifehaschangedalot._______________________________________________________www.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.comwww.3edu.net教师助手学生帮手家长朋友www.aaaxk.com_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________BestwishesYours,LiMing
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