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2013常州市中考英语试卷.doc.doc2013常州市中考英语试卷.doc.doc -- 5 元

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2013常州英语中考卷(解析版)一,单项选择(110)1,HaveyougotanybooksonEnglishgrammarIwanttoborrow______.Yes,hereyouare.ButyoumustreturnitbyFriday.AoneBitCsomeDthat1,A考代词one泛指一个,it常常指代前文提到过的一个,some指代一些且泛指,that特指那个因答句中有it,说明肯定是单数又因为句意提示是泛指的一本关于英语语法的书,所以选one2,Iwillbuyyouanewbikeifyoulearnhowtoswimthissummer.Isthata______ImsureIllgetthebike.AchanceBpromiseCtrickDtreat2,B考察单词词义辨析Chance是机会promise是承诺trick是把戏窍门treat是治疗,款待3,Hespeaks______English______French.Instead,hespeaksGerman.AeitherorBnotonlybutalsoCbothandDneithernor3,D考察连词Either,or是或者,或者之意notonly。。butalso是不但,而且的意思Both...and是两者都的意思Neither...nor是既不,也不之意而且句子语境告诉我们他说德语,说明他既不说英语也不说法语4,ShallItakemyswimmingsuitNo,you______.Wewilljustgohikingonthemountain.AmustntBcouldntCneedntDcant4,C考察情态动词musnt禁止couldnt过去不能neednt不需要cant不能或不可能5,Heoffered______valuableadvicethat______peopledisagreed.AsuchafewBsuchfewCsoafewDsofew5,B考察such和so的用法差别Such修饰名词so修饰形容词另外还考察了afew和few的差别afew表示一些,修饰可数名词few表示几乎没有,是否定意义因为句中是修饰advice,所以用such,此外因为是有价值的意见,所以肯定是没人不同意6,Thislisteningmaterial,togetherwithitsCDROMS,______well.AsellsBsellCissoldDaresold6,A考察动词三单以及固定词组sellwell,卖得好7,WhyareyouworriedImexpectingacallfrommydaughter.She______NewYorkforthreeyears.AhasgonetoBhasbeentoChasbeeninDhascomein7,C考察现在完成时的词组辨析havegoneto去了,没回Havebeento去过某地Havebeenin一直呆在某地Havecomein无此结构,排除因为句子当中有提示词forthreedays,说明肯定是一直呆在某地8,ManysocialworkerswenttoYaanto______cleanwaterandfoodtolocalpeopletoreducetheirpainfromtheearthquake.AputoutBcomeoutCworkoutDgiveout8,D词组辨析Putout熄灭comeout出版workout解决难题giveout分发语境上是分发食物,所以选D9,HowsoonwillyoustartyourjourneyImnotsure.Ihaventdecided______.AwhenshallIaskthebossforleaveBwhereIwillgotospendtheholidayCwetherIwouldgobytrainorbyplaneDwhocouldinvitemetogo9,B考察宾语从句首先宾语从句中用陈述语序,排除A来源学|科|网Z|X|X|K又因为havent是现在时,所以排除C而D明显不符合句意,所以答案选B10,HowdidyoufindthetriptotheWestLake________.ATheguidetookusthere.BFirstbytrainandthenbybus.CVeryfantasticindeed.DItwasnotfarfromourhotel.10,C考察考生对语境的理解句子意思是你觉得西湖之旅怎么样所以答句可以选C确实很有趣二,完形填空(112)Youknow,Ann,myfriendNicksaid,LisaandAnitawerejusttalkingaboutyou.Iimmediatelygot11.TheysaidthatyoujointheStudentsUnionjustbecausetheteacherlikesyou,notbecauseyouareexcellent.I12tokeepmyselffromcrying,gettingdowntomyknees.AfterNicktoldmeeverythingmysupposedbestfriendssaidaboutme,IfeltIwas13.LisaandAnitacamein,actingasif好像14hadhappened.LisawasstillmydeskmateandAnitawasstillmypartnerforourhistoryproject.Iwas15thattheywereabletopretendwehadtheperfectfriendship.16theydsaidsuchhurtfulthings.IfeltlikeIdidnthaveafriendintheworld,allbecauseofrumor谣言.Thetonguecanbeourworst17.Rumorsdoharmtofriendship.Theyarelikesharpknives,breakingonesdignity尊严intopieces.Whenwesay18thingsabutothers,werehurtingtheirhearts.SohowwasItoactnextIthoughtof19themback.Butinstead,Itoldthemdirectlytheyhadhurtme.Lisastarted20andAnitawasspeechless.Iknewtheywerebothsorryforwhattheyhadsaid.Theysaidsorrytome,andIforgavethem21Iwasstillunhappy.Sure,thingswerealittleembarrassing尴尬的atfirst,butsoonenougheverythingwasbacktothewayithadbeenbefore.Istill22rumorsfromtimetotime.Talkingaboutothersisapartofourlife,butthemoreIlearnaboutthefriendship,themoreIrealizetheimportanceoftoleratingothers.11,ArelaxedBnervousCscaredDenergetic12,AstruggledBdecidedCcontinuedDpreferred13,AdifferentBwrongCsickDalone14,AeverythingBsomethingCanythingDnothing15,AsurprisedBsatisfiedCfrightenedDworried16,AsimplyBespeciallyCobviouslyDprobably17,AcriminalBvictimCsuspectDenemy18,AunpopularBunluckyCunkindDunusual19,AattackingBarguingCbringingDpulling20,AshoutingBkeepingCfightingDcrying21,AbecauseBalthoughCafterDunless22,AplaywithBagreewithCdealwithDhelpwith答案解析BADDABDCADBC11,B考查单词意思当听到别人谈论你时,自己的感觉肯定是紧张的12,A考察单词以及考生对语境的把握,struggle是挣扎着decide决定continue继续prefer更愿意,而句子意思明显是我挣扎着,努力使自己别哭13,D文中第四段说我感到在世界上没有朋友,所以这里选alone比较合适14,D考察不定代词词意,应该是假装什么也没发生过15,A考察单词以及考生对语境的把握,surprised感到吃惊的satisfied感到满意的frightened感到害怕的worried感到忧虑的16,B考察副词,simply简单地especially尤其obviously明显地probably可能地17,D考察上下文语境的理解,根据上下文可知舌头是我们最恶毒的敌人18,C根据下文伤了其他人的心,可知这里是说些不友好的事情,要表达不友好这个概念,所以选C19,A考察固定词组attackback,回击20,D由and连接,说明前后意思应该相近,后面出现speechless,说明另外一个是说坏话揭穿后开始哭泣21,B考察介词,前后句存在转折关系来源Zxxk.Com22,C考察词组辨析,playwith和。。。玩agreewith同一dealwith处理helpwith帮助。三,阅读理解(213)AWeweredoingthebesttocontrolthefireoftheburninggarage.Outside,Iheardthesoundsofcatscrying.IcouldntstopIwouldhavetolookforthecatsafterthefirewasputout.Ittookalongtimetofinallybringthebigfireundercontrol.Nooneinsidewashurt.AtthatpointIwasfreetofindoutwherethecatnoiseswerefrom.Therewasstillalotofsmokeandheatcomingfromthebuilding.Ifollowedthemeowingtothesidewalkinfrontofthegarage.There,cryingandhuddledtogether,werefivefrightenedkittens.Theymusthavebeeninsidethebuilding,astheirfurwasbadlyhurt.Iwantedtofindthemothercat.Itwasobviouslythatshehadgoneintotheburninggarageandcarriedoutallherbabies,onebyoneunbelievable.Wefinallyfoundher.Herpawsandfacewereblackened,andherfurwasburnedallover.Youcouldevenseeherreddenedskinundertheburnedfur.Shecouldhardlymove.Ipickedherup,andsherelaxedinmyarmsasmuchasherpainwouldallow.Iwasdeterminedtosavethisbravelittlecatandherfamily.Theveterinariantoldmetheywouldwatchthekittensandtheirmotherforthenight,buttheywerentconfidentabouttheaboutthemotherschances.Aboutaweeklater,Ifoundoutshewasgoingtolive.WenamedherScarletbecauseofherreddenedskin.来源学。科。网IwashappytoseeScarletgettogetherwiththekittensagain.Shetouchedeachofthem,nosetonose.Shehadriskedherlifefivetimesandithadpaidoff.Allofherbabieshadsurvived.Asafirefighter,Iseeheroicactseveryday.ButwhatScarletshowedmethatdaywasthekindofbraverythatcanonlycomefromamotherslove.23,WhichfthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothestoryAThewriterwenttolookforthecatsassoonasheheardthemcryingBThefirefightersputoutthefirequicklyandnoonewashurt.CThewriterdidntfindthecatsuntilthesmokeandheatweregone.DThemothercatmovedallherbabesoutofthefiretoasafeplace.24,WhywasthewriterdeterminedtosavethecatsABecausehewasamazedatthemothercatscourage.BBecausethecatsattractedmanypeoplesattention.CBecausehedidntwanttoseeanylivingthingsdie.DBecauseithadtakenhimmuchtimeandefforttosavethem.25,Thewritertalksaboutthecatsstorytoshowthat____.Aanimalsshouldbetakengoodcareof.Bmotherslovecanbegreatandbrave.Citismeaningfultohelpothers.Dacatalwayshasninelives.23D细节题A明显文中第一段表明只有火灭了以后,才可以stopB文中第二段ittookalongtimeC文中第二段第二行therewasstillalotofsmokeandheat24A文章主旨题,全文表明我是被母猫伟大的母爱感动了25B文章主旨题,全篇主要是讲母爱的伟大与勇敢BHaveyouevernoticedthatyourfingertipsarewinkedwhenyouvejustfinishedswimmingorwashingdishesItseemsasifyourhandshaveaged30yearsiasecond.ButisthisanaccidentOrisitsomethingthatnaturehasbuiltintoourbodiesIfyourfingerswrinklinguphadnouseatall,itwouldntneedto.ProfessorTomSmuldersfromNewcastleUniversity,UK,toldBBCNews.Bystudyingwetfingersclosely,Smuldersandhispartnersfoundthatthewrinkleslookedabitlikethepatternsonthecartireorothebottomoftherunningshoes.Sotheymadeaguessthatwrinklesonfingersmightbeabletohelpthehandholdthingsmoretightly.Totestthis,researchersasked20peopletopickupmarblesfromwaterwiththeirhands.Butbeforetheystarted,someofthepeoplehadtokeeptheirhandsinwaterforhalfanhour.Theresearchersfoundthatthepeoplewithwrinkledfingerscompletedthetaskthetaskfasterthanthosewithdryhands.Butwhentheywereaskedtomovedrymarbles,allthepeopleperformedequallywell,nomattertheyhadthewrinkledfingersornot.Ourancestorsmightnothaveplayedwithmarbles,butwrinkledfingerscouldhavemadeiteasierforthemtoclimbaroundinthewetforestsandcatchfishfromrivers,researcherssay.Similarly,ourtoesalsogetwrinkledinwater.Thismayhavedevelopedfromourancestorsneedtorunonwetground.Butthequestionis,ifwrinkledfingersaresohelpful,whydontourhandsjuststaythatwayallthetimeResearchersexplainedthatwrinklinghasitsdisadvantagewetfingertipsarefarlesssensitivethansmoothones,reducingoursenseoftouch.26,WhatdoestheunderlinedworldthisinthethirdparagraphrefertoA.Wetherfingershavewrinklesaftertheyareputinwater.B.Wetherwrinkledfingerscanholdthingsmoretightly.C.Whykeepingthingsinwatermakesthemwrinkled.D.Whywrinkleshelphandsholdthingsmoretightly.27,Thetestshowsthat________.A.winkledhandsholddrythingsmoretightlythandryhandsdo.B.dryhandsholddrythingsmoretightlythanwrinkledhandsdo.C.winkledhandsholdwetthingsmoretightlythandryhandsdo.D.dryhandsholdwetthingsmoretightlythanwrinkledhandsdo.2WhatmightbethedisadvantageofwrinkledfingersA.Theyaretoosensitivetobetouched.B.Theymightbemorelikelytogethurt.C.Theycannotholdthingstightlyenough.D.Theyarenotsosensitiveasdryfingers.26B细节题,this指代第二段中最后一句话27C细节题,答案在文章第三段28D细节题,文章是文章最后一句话COneofsweetestmemoriesasachildisofgoingdowntotheriverandsittingcomfortablyonthebank.ThereIwouldenjoythepeaceandquiet,watchthewaterrushdownstreamandlistentosongsofbirds.Iwouldalsowatchthebambootreesbendunderthepressurefromthewindandwatchthemreturngracefullytotheiroriginalstateafterthewindhaddieddown.WhenIthinkaboutthebambootreesabilitytobendandmoveback,thewordresiliencecomestomymind.Whenitisusedforaperson,thiswordmeanstheabilitytoreadilyrecover恢复fromshock,sadnessoranyothersuffering.HaveyoueverfeltlikeyouweregoingtosnapHaveyoueverfeltlikeyouwereatyourbreakingpointThankfully,youhavesurvivedtotalkaboutit.Lifeisamixture混合ofgoodtimesandbadtimes,happymomentsandunhappymoments.Thenexttimeyouareexperiencingoneofthosebadtimesorunhappymomentsthattakeyouclosetoyourbreakingpoint,bend,butdontbreak.Tryyourbestnottoletthesituationgetthebestofyou.Anamountofhopewilltakeyouthroughtheunpleasantsuffering.Withhopeforabettertomorroworabettersituation,thingsmaynotbeasbadastheyseem.Theunpleasantsufferingmaybeeasiertodealwithiftheendresultisworthhaving.Ifthingsgettoughandyouareatyourbreakingpoint,showresilience.Likethebambootrees,bend,butdontbreak29.WhatdoesthewordsnapinthesecondparagraphmostprobablymeanA.breakB.changeC.winD.Complain30.WhatcanhelppeoplegetthroughsufferingsaccordingtothewriterA.Holdingpeaceandquietinmind.B.Waitinguntilsufferingsdisappear.C.Experiencingmorebadtimes.D.Hopingforabettertomorrow.31.WhatwouldbethebesttitleofthispassageA.MemoriesofBambooB.BeLikeBambooC.EnjoyingBambooD.CharacteristicsofBamboo29A考察词义,下句中有atyourbreakingpoint30D细节题,答案在倒数第二段31B主旨大意题,答案在文章最后一句DManyofusfeeluneasywhensomeonestandstooclosetous,talkstoustooloudlyormakeseyecontact接触withusfortoolong.ButhaveyoueverwonderedwhythosethingsmakeyouuncomfortableItsallaboutpersonalpeace,whichmeansnotonlyanimaginaryspacearoundthebody,butalsothespacearoundallthesenses.Peoplefeelthattheirspaceisbeingviolated侵犯whentheymeetwithanunwelcomesound,smellorlook.Thisisprobablywhyamanonacrowdedbusshoutingintohismobilephoneorawomannexttoyouputtingonstrongperfume香水makesyoufeelangry.Whetherpeoplehavehadastrongerwishtoprotecttheirpersonalspaceinrecenttimesishardtosay.Yetstudiesofairlinesshowthatpeoplehaveastrongdesire渴望tohavespacetothemselves.InasurveybyTripAdvisor,atravelwebsite,peoplesaidthatiftheyhadtopaymoreforsomeextraservice,theywouldratherhavelargerseatsthanextrafood.Althoughpeoplemayneedtheirpersonalspace,somehardlyrealizeit.Forexample,peopleonabuswhoholdnewspapersinfrontoftheirfacestoreadinfactkeepadistancefromstrangers.Goandwatchalibrarytable.Youwillnoticethatoneofthecornerseatswillusuallybe
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