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2000年上半年全国高教自考英语(二)试卷PARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeach)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Almosteverythingamanagerdoes________decisionsindeed,somesuggestthatthemanagementprocessisdecisionmaking.AimposesBimprovisesCinvolvesDindicates2.Astronomersandscientiststhinkthatablackholeisaregionofspace_______whichmatterhasfallenand________whichnothingcanescape.AtowardstowardsBintofromCoutoffromDthroughthrough3.Americanmendontcrybecauseitisconsiderednot________ofmentodoso.AcharacteristicBtolerantCsymbolicDindependent4.Attheendof1994theBritishGovernmentintroducednewmeasurestohelp________domesticworkersfromabusebytheiremployers.AprotectBsuspectCexpectDinspect5.Robotsdifferfromautomaticmachines________aftercompletionofonespecifictask,theycanbereprogrammedbyacomputertodoanotherone.AsothatBinwhichCgiventhatDinthat6.Thespecificuseofleisure________fromindividualtoindividual.ArangesBdistinguishesCvariesDcovers7.Coffeedelaysthebodyclockinthemorning,andadvances________atnight.AitBthemCthecoffeeDthebody8.Nationsare________asagedwhentheyhave7percentormoreoftheirpeopleaged65orabove.AlimitedBclassifiedCoriginatedDprocessed9.Itistouchingtoseehowacatordogespeciallyadog________itselftofamilyandwantstoshareinallitsgoingsandcomings.AattributesBappliesCassignedDattaches10.Youneednt________himaboutthissincehecouldfindoutforhimself.AtellBbetellingChavetoldDhavetotellⅡ.ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeach)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Decisionsabouthousingcaninfluencethequalityofyourfuturelife.Individualandfamilyneedschange(11)thetime,andhousingshouldbeflexibleenoughto(12)thesechangingneeds.Theplangobuyahomemaybe(13)ofthemostimportantfinancialdecisionsaperson(14)makes.Theplantobuyahomeis(15)topresentandfutureincome.Rentalhousing,whilenotrequiring(16)largeinitialinvestment,stilltakesalargeportionofafamilysmonthlybudget.Housingprovidesasetting(17)daytodayliving.Housing,furnishings,andequipmentmustbeplannedwithpresentandfutureneedsandintereststakeninto(18).Somepeopleacquirefurnishingsandequipmentbeforetheymoveintotheirownhome.Familysize,health,andincomeare(19)thefactorsinfluencinghousingchoices.Housingshortagesinmanypartsofthecountryseriously(20)thefreedomofchoiceinsecuringshelter.Manyfamiliesmove,andhousingmaynotbepermanent.11.AbyBonCoverDat12.AmeetBreachCseekDcatch13.AsuchBthatConeDeach14.AstillByetCevenDever15.AsavedBtiedCspentDcost16.AsoaBasoCsuchaDasuch17.AtoBforCwithDfrom18.AamountBaccountCaccessDaverage19.AbetweenBwithinCamongDacross20.AavoidBencourageClimitDextendⅢ.ReadingComprehension(30points,2pintsforeach)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答案纸上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestion21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Art,saidPicasso,isaliethatmakesusrealizethetruth.Soisamap.Wedonotusuallyassociatethepreciseworkofthemapmakerwithafancifulobjectofart.Yetamaphasmanyqualitiesthatapaintingorapoemhas.Itistruthrealizedinasymbolicway,holdingmeaningsitdoesnotexpressonthesurface.Andlikeworkofart,itrequiresimaginativereading.Thus,mapandrealityarenot,andcannotbe,identical.Noaspectofmapuseissoobviousyetsooftenoverlooked.Mostmapreadingmistakesoccurbecausetheuserforgetsthisvitalfactandexpectsaonetoonecorrespondencebetweenmapandreality.Amap,likeapainting,isjustonespecialversionofreality.Tounderstandapainting,youmusthavesomeideaofthemediumwhichwasusedbytheartist.Youwouldntexpectawatercolortolookanythinglikeanoilpaintingoracharcoal(木碳)drawing,evenifthesubjectmatterofallthreewereidentical.Inthesameway,thetechniquesusedtocreatemapswillgreatlyinfluencethefinalrepresentation.Asamapreader,youshouldalwaysbeawareoftheinvisiblehandofthemapmaker.Neveruseamapwithoutaskingyourselfhowithasbeenbiasedbythemethodsusedtomakeit.Iftheentiremapmakingprocessoperatesatitsfullpotential,communicationtakesplacebetweenthemapmakerandtheuser.Themapmakertranslatesrealityintotheclearestpossiblepictureunderthecircumstances,andthemapreaderconvertsthispicturebackintoanimpressionoftheenvironment.Forsuchcommunicationtotakeplace,themapreaderasthemapmakermustknowsomethingabouthowmapsarecreated.21.Mapisalie_________.AthathaslittletruthinitBthatfewofusbelieveCthatweusetoexpressthetruthDthatcheatspeopleinatrickyway22.Mapresemblesartinthat________.AtheyarebothabsoluteliesBtheyarebothpreciseaswellasfancifulCtheymustbereadwithimaginationDtheybothexpressmeaningsinasuperficialway23.Mostmapreadingmistakesoccurbecause________.AthemapisnotmadeaccordingtorealityBthereareobviousdifferencesbetweenthemapandrealityCtheuserforgetstheonetoonecorrespondencebetweenthemapandrealityDtheuseroverlooksthegapbetweenthemapandreality24.theinvisiblehandofthemapmaker(inParagraph3)refersto________.AthetechniquesusedtocreatemapsBthesubjectmatterofthemapCthesymbolsusedinthemapDthefinalrepresentationofthemap25.Thelastparagraphdescribesmainly________.AhowmapsarecreatedBwhatthecommunicationbetweenthemapmakerandthereaderisChowthemapmakertranslatesrealityintoapictureDhowthereaderconvertsthepicturebackintorealityPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Musicwhichisoriginalisindividualandpersonal.Thatistosay,itcanbeidentifiedasbelongingtoaparticularcomposer.Ithasparticularqualities,orastyle,whicharenotcopiedfromanother.Ifyoucanrecognizethestyleofacomposer,youwillprobablybeabletotellthatacertaincompositionbelongstohimorhereventhoughyouhaveneverhearditbefore.Abasketmakerhastheskillofweavingandinterweavinghismaterialstocreatecolorfulpatterns,andanexpertcarpenter(木匠)hastheskillofjoiningtogetherdifferentshapesandsizesofwoodtomakeabeautifulpieceoffurniture.Theseskillsmaybereferredtoasworkmanship(技艺).Similarly,inmusicacomposerorganizeshismelodies(旋律)andrhythmsandcombinessoundstocreateharmony.Acomposermaybecapableofthinkingupverygood,originaltunes,yetiftunesarepoorlyorganized,thatis,iftheworkmanshipispoor,thefinalresultwillnotbetostandard.Goodmusicexpressesfeelingsinawaythatissuitabletothosefeelings.Theremayejoy,sorrow,fear,love,anger,orwhatever.Badmusic,ontheotherhand,mayconfuseunrelatedfeelings,itmaynotexpressanyimportantfeelingatall,oritmayexaggeratesomefeelingsandmakethemvulgar,thatis,cheapandugly.Goodmusicwillstandthetestoftime.Itwillnotgooutoffashionbutwillcontinuetobeenjoyedandrespectedlongafteritisfirstintroduced.Itwillgainakindofpermanentstatuswhilebadmusicwilldisappearandbeforgottenquickly.Inpopmusic,wherethegeneralruleseemstobethenewerthebetter,thetestoftimeisthehardesttestofalltopass.26.Apieceoforiginalmusic________.AhasapersonalstyleBsoundsveryfamiliartoourearsCisonewhosestyleyoucannotrecognizeDcannotberecognizedasbelongingtoanycomposer27.Wecanseegoodworkmanshipin________.AdifferentshapesandsizeoffurnitureBmaterialsforcreatingcolourfulpatternsCapieceofmusicwithitsmelodiesandrhythmsorganizedinharmonyDapieceofmusicwithverygood,originaltunesmixedtogether28.Apieceofmusiccanbesaidtobegoodif_________.AithelpstowhileawaythehoursBitcombinesdifferentrhythmsandsoundsCitmakespeopleforgettheirsorrowsandworriesquicklyDitexpressesacertainfeelinginaproperway29.Accordingtothelastparagraph,thetestoftimeisthehardestofalltopasssuggeststhat________.Athenewerthemusicis,theharderitcanpassthetestoftimeBitismostdifficultformusictogainakindofpermanentstatusCpopmusicwillceasetobeenjoyedsoonafteritisintroducedDgoodmusicneedntpassthetestoftime30.Thispassageisconcernedwith________.AhowtocomposemusicBhowtoenjoymusicChowtojudgemusicDhowtoperformmusicPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.TobehistoricallymindedistoseethingsIrelationandinperspective,andtojudgetolerantly.Wemustrememberhowdifferentlymenhavethoughtandactedindifferenttimes.Wemustalwayskeepanopenmind,readytoreceiveandweighnewevidence.Ifwegraspthisidea,wewillneverthinkthatahistorian(历史学家)issomeonewhocanrememberdates.Thatchildishideaislikecallingamanastatesman(政治家)becausehecanrememberthenamesofvotersinhisdistrict.Awaitercouldremembermorenamesandatelephoneoperatormorenumbersthanthegreatesthistorian.Thetruehistorianisnotcontenttotakeallhisfactsfromotherhistorians.Todayhemakessurethathisstatementsarebasedonsounddocumentsorsourceswhichgobacktothetimeofthefactsthemselves.Butthehistorianneedsalwaystobeinhisguardnottobemisledbyhissources.Adocumentmaynotbearealone.Itsauthormaybelyingonpurposeforsomereason.Hemaybesogreatlyinfluencedbynational,religious,party,orpersonalbackgroundsastobetotallyunfairtotheotherside.Ifhonest,hemaybemisinformedastothefactsandmistakeninhisinferences.Anyonewhoreadstheaccountspublishedinthedifferentcountriesconcerningthecausesandresultsofwarswillrealizethatthehistorianneedscautionandtraininginhandlingthesesources.ThetrainedhistorianasksfirstDidthiswritermeantotellthetruthandsecondWasheinapositionorframeofmindtotellthetruthevenifhewantstoEverystatementmustbepatientlyweighedandtestedandcombinedwithallotheravailableinformationinordertogetatthetruth.31.Ahistoricallymindedresearcher_________.AalwayskeepsanopenmindtohistoryBlooksatonehistoricaleventwithoutrelatingittoanotherCseesthingsfromasinglepointofviewDrefusestoacceptnewevidence32.InParagraph1theauthormeanstoillustratethat________.AdifferentmenthinkandactdifferentlyBthestudyofhistoryisnotmerelyamatterofrememberingdatesCastatesmancanrememberthenamesofvotersinhisdistrictDawaitercanremembermorenamesthanthegreathistorians33.Thetruehistorianshouldbasehisstatementson________.AfindingsofotherhistoriansBdocumentscreatedatthepresenttimeChisowninferencesDsoundhistoricalmaterials34.WhichofthefollowingisthetopicofParagraph3ASomehistoricaldocumentsmaynotbereal.BSomeauthorsmaynotbehonest.CHistoriansshouldbecarefulabouttheirsources.DHistoriansmaybeinfluencedbytheirownbackground.35.Itisemphasizedinthelastparagraphthat________.AwarsareaccountedfordifferentlyindifferentcountriesBthehistorianneedscautionandtrainingindealingwithhissourcesCsomewritersmaynotbetellingthetruthDsomewritersmaynotbeinapositionorframeofmindtotellthetruthPARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling(10points,1pointfortwowords)将下列汉语单词译成英语并写在答题纸上。每个词的词类和第一字母已在答题纸上给出。首字线后的每条短线上只写一个字母。36.修理37.科学38.温度39.政府40.制服,军服41.必要的42.字典43.旅行,行程44.有价值的45.丈夫46.警告47.呼吸48.实验室49.控制50.量,数量51.接受52.秘书53.金融的54.化学55.多数Ⅴ.WordForm(10point,1pointforeach)将括号中的各词变为适当形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Muchofthecarbonintheearth________(come)fromthingsthatoncelived.57.Chinaisnotwhatshe________(use)tobe.58.Inthepasttwodecades,research________(expand)ourknowledgeaboutsleepanddreams.59.Ifyoucannotunderstand,askWouldyoumind________(rephrase)thequestion,please60.Manypreschoolteachersdonotliketohavecommerciallymaketoyweapons________(bring)intotheclassroom.61.Robots,alreadytakingoverhumantasksintheautomotivefield,arebeginning________(see)inotherindustriesaswell.62.Letusconsidertheearthasaplanet________(revolve)roundsun.63.Televisionads_________usually________(repeat)overandoveragain.64.Themoretimeyouwaste,the________(easy)itistocontinuewastingtime.65.Iwouldratherhe________(buy)thehousenextyear.Ⅵ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese(15points)将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Althoughstudentsofallsubjectsarejudgedbytheirperformanceincourseworkandexaminations,theymaybegivenlittleornoadviceonstudy,revisionorexaminationtechniques.Thosewhoknowthattheyareworkinghard,yetfeelthattheyarenotdoingaswellastheycouldeitherincourseworkorexaminations,arelikelytobenefitmostfromstraightforwardadvicebecausetheyknowthattheyneedhelp.However,studentswhoaresatisfiedwiththeirprogresscanalsobehelpedtodoevenbetterwork,justastalentedathletes(运动员)canimprovetheirperformancewhenwellcoached.Itwouldobviouslybebest,therefore,intheirfirstfewweeksatcollege,ifallstudentsweretoconsiderhowtousetheirstudyandleisuretime.Learningtoworkeffectively(tothink,understand,select,organize,andexplainorremember)wouldhelpthemnotonlyatcollegebutalsoinanycareer.【参考答案及评分标准】Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeach1.C2.B3.A4.A5.D6.C7.A8.B9.D10.CⅡ.ColzeTest10points,1pointforeach11.C12.A13.C14.D15.B16.C17.B18.B19.C20.CⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeach21.C22.C23.D24.A25.B26.A27.C28.D29.B30.C31.A32.B33.D34.C35.BⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords36.repair37.science38.temperature39.government40.uniform41.necessary42.dictionary43.journey44.valuable45.husband46.warn47.breathe48.laboratory49.control50.quantity51.accept52.secretary53.financial54.chemistry55.majorityⅤ.WordForm10points,1pointforeach56.comes57.used58.hasexpanded59.rephrasing60.brought61.tobeseen62.revoling63.arerepeated64.easier65.boughtⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeach参考答案66.Atthattimeitwasfolkmusicthatwaspopularamongcollegestudents.67.ThreeyearsagesheusedtowordforaverylowwageatateafactoryinLondon.68.Itiswellknownthateventhesameleisureactivitymaybeuseddifferentlybydifferentindividuals.69.Thisdependsonexternalfactorsratherthanonacandidatespersonalcharacteristics.70.WilltherebeanydifferencebetweenthementalandthemanuallabourinthefutureⅦ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points参考答案尽管评价各学科学生是依据其课程学习和考试成绩,但在学习、复习或考试方法上他们可能很少或没有获得指导。知识自己在努力学习,但对课程学习或考试成绩感到不理想的学生可能从直接指导中获益最大,因为他们懂得他们需要帮助。但对自己进步感到满意的学生也能在别人帮助下取得更好的成绩,正如天才的运动员如果有良好的指导也能提高自己的成绩一样。因此,如果所有学生在大学入学后头几周能想一想怎样利用好学习和休闲时间,这显然最好不过。学会有效地工作思考、理解、选择、组织、解释或记忆不仅能帮助他们在校学习,对他们今后的任何工作都有好处。2000年下半年全国高等教育自学考试英语(二)试卷本试题分两部分。第一部分选择题,1页至6页,第二部分为非选择题,7页至8页,共8页选择题50分,选择题50分,满分100分。考试时间150分钟。全部题目用英文作答(英文翻译题除外),并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不记分。PARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeach)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答案纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Shewasmore____________thanfrightened.A、surprisingB、interestedC、hatedD、surprised2.Theattentionofthepublicwascontinually____________tonewpossibilitiesinscientificfieldsandthediscoveryofnewknowledge.A、appliedB、drawnC、referredD、thrown3.Few,____________any,livetheirliveswithoutsomedegreeofunhappinessandsuffering.A、likeB、exceptC、ifD、when4.Manywomenaretooconcerned____________stayingthinandtheybelivevthatvitaminsaresomekindofmagiccuretoreplacefood.A、ofB、byC、withD、on5.Ineducation,thereshouldbeagoodbalanceamongthebranchesofknowledgethatcontribute____________effectivethinkingandwisejudgment.A、atB、inC、forD、to6.____________thenumbersinemployment,thehotelindustrywasthesecondlargestindustryinthiscountrylastyear.A、InlinewithB、IntermsofC、InaccordancewithD、Inproportionto7.AirtravelissoquicknowadaysthatwecanleaveLondonafterbreakfastandarriveinNewYork____________eighthours.A、inB、forC、afterD、until8.Itisalsotruethattheeffectofadrugismuch____________uponyoungstersthanadults.A、biggerB、fewerC、greaterD、little9.Becausethereading____________inmostcollegecoursesareveryheavy,studentsshouldplantoreadeveryday.A、assignmentsB、schedulesC、activitiesD、programs10.Forlongtimeefficiencyandhappinessitisbesttoobservethe____________ofhealthandsoundworkingconditions.A、principlesB、ideasC、elementsD、factorsⅡ.ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeach)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母的字母涂黑。AlthoughAmericaninformality(不拘礼节)iswellknown,manynewvisitorsthinkthatitindicatesalackofrespect.Thisisespeciallytrueinthebusinessworld.Americansoftenusefirstnames11meetingastrangeranddonotalwaysshakehands.TheyoftenjustsmileandsayHiorHello,12thanusingamoreformalhandshake.ItisgoodtorememberthattoanAmericansuchaninformalgreetingreallymeansthe13thingasamoreformalhandshakesomeplaceelse.14,Americansdonotusuallygiveaspecialfarewellorhandshaketoeachpersonwhentheyleaveapartyorbusinessmeeting.Theywilloftenjustwavegoodbyetothewholegrouporperhapssay,Well,solongeverybody,Illseeyoutomorrow.Theythenwillleave.15handshakes.Americansseem16totallyhurriedandhardworkingortotallyinformalandatease.Oftenyouwillseemenworkingatofficedesks17theirsuitcoatsandties.Theymayleanfarbackintheirchairsandevenputtheirfeetuponthedesk18theytalkonthetelephone.Thisisnotmeanttoberude.AvisitortotheUnitedStatesshouldthereforeunderstandthatbeinginagreat19doesnotindicateunfriendlinessandbeinginformalandateasedoesnotshowalackofrespect.Americanshaveagreatrangeofcustomsandhabitsthatatfirstmayseempuzzlingtoavisitor.In20youwilllearnthesenewways.11.A、uponB、forC、asD、at12.A、moreB、betterC、ratherD、other13.A、suchB、someC、sameD、whole14.A、SimilarlyB、HoweverC、ThereforeD、Especially15.A、SomeB、ThenC、SoD、No16.A、bothB、allC、eitherD、neither17.A、withB、withoutC、inD、on18.A、whileB、whereC、whichD、because19.A、worryB、troubleC、prideD、hurry20.A、timeB、caseC、turnD、vainⅢ.ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeach)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Theeconomiccostsofnoisetosocietyareseveral.Airportsarecurrentlyoperatingatlessthancapacitybecauseofnoiseregulationswhichrestricttheirhoursofoperation.Forinstance,atWashingtonsNationalAirportnojettrafficisallowedfrom11pmto7am.Otherairportsrestricttheuseofcertainrunways.Oneestimateisthatnoiserestrictionsreducepossibleairportuseby20percent.Theprofitablecargotradeisespeciallyaffectedbynightrestrictions.Inthecaseofairports,jetenginesmaybemodifiedtoreducetheirnoiselevel,orinsulation(隔音)fromairtrafficnoisemaybeprovidedbythepurchaseoflandaroundairportsortheinsulationofbuildings.Oneestimateisthat5.7billionwouldberequiredtoequipallexistingjetengineswithnoisecontroldevices.However,consideringthecurrentstateoftheart,eventakingthisstepwillnotreducenoiselevelsatallpointstoacceptablevalues.Somecombinationofmethodsisprobablynecessary.Ifallaircraftweremadequieterbyexistingmethods,therewouldbeanumberofeconomicbenefits.Anincreaseinairportcapacitywouldoccur.Propertyvaluesnearairportsmightrise.Transportationcoststoandfromairportscouldbereducedsincetheairportsnowcouldbelocatedclosertopopulationcenters.Muchresearchstillneedstobedoneontheeconomicaspectsofnoisereductionandnoiseeffects.Althoughsomeoftheeffectsofnoisepollutionareknown,moremustbediscoveredaboutitseffectsonhealth,productivity,propertyvaluesandthequalityoflife.Furthermore,thecostofnoisepollutioncontroltotheeconomyasawholeneedstobeinvestigated.Thepublicmustbealertedtothedangersandeconomiccostsofnoisepollutionsothatpeoplemaymakeintelligentchoicesandexertappropriatepressures.21.ThereisnojettrafficatWashingtonsNationalAirportfrom11pmto7ambecause____________.A、itisextremelydangeroustoflyinthedarkB、noiseregulationsrestrictthehoursofairportoperationC、someofitsrunwaysarenotingoodconditionD、cargoplanesproducedisturbingnoises22.Thecurrentstateoftheart(inPara.2)means____________.A、adevelopedsenseofbeautyB、thevolumeofpresentdaytrafficC、themostrecentlydevelopedtechnologyD、insulationofairtrafficnoise23.Noisereductioncouldleadto____________.A、increasedairportcapacityB、lowerpropertyvaluesC、effectivemodificationofexistingjetenginesD、moretransportationcoststoandfromairports24.WhatisNOTmentionedinthepassageA、Psychologicalstrain.B、Handlingcapacityofcargo.C、Measuresfornoisereduction.D、Publicpressures.25.Theauthorofthepassageisconcernedprimarilywith____________.A、theeffectsofnoiseonthequalityoflifeB、theroleofairtrafficrestrictionsC、theproductionofquieterenginesD、theeconomicaspectsofnoisereductionPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Duringastateofdeeprelaxation,severalphysiologicalchangestakeplaceinthebodythebodysoxygenconsumptionisreducedtheheartbeatdecreasesmuscletensionandsweatingease,andthereisdecreasedsympathetic(交感的)nervoussystemactivity.Thisrestfulstatenotonlyallowsthebodytorepairandrestoreitself,butithasacalmingeffectontheconsciousness.Howtoachievethisstateofrelaxation,however,isamatterofopinion,andinsomemedicalcircles,amatterofcontroversy(争论).ArecentreportbyDr.DavidHolmesoftheUniversityofKansasinthejournalAmericanPsychologistsaidthatsimplysittinginanarmchairhasjustasmanybeneficialcharacteristicsforthebodyasmeditation(冥想)does.Researchersofotherrelaxationtechniquesdisagree.Theseexpertsbelievethatmorestructuredtechniques,suchasmeditation,leadtoaconditionofdeeprelaxation.Thedebategoeson,butonethingappearstobecleartherelaxationresponsecanbereachedbyanumberofmethods,andthemethodsthemselvesarenotasimportantasgettingthere.Oneday,onemethodmayworkbestonanotherday,analternativemethodmaybemoreappropriate.Onceyouareawareofallthemethods,youcanfindtheonethatworksbestforyou.Someoftherelaxationtechniquesaremeditation,autoanalysis(自我心理分析)andprogressivemusclerelaxation.Althoughthesetechniquesmaynot,intheend,producemoreofarelaxationresponsethanjustsittingquietlyinachair,theyhavetheaddedbenefitofstructureanddiscipline,andforthesereasonsappeartobemoreeffectiveformostindividuals.26.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtruewhenapersonisinastateofdeeprelaxationA、Thebodytakesinlessoxygen.B、Theheartbeatslessfrequently.C、Musclesbecometenseandthebodysweatseasily.D、Theconsciousnessbecomesmoreorlesscalmed.27.Peopleseemtoagreethat____________.A、sittinginanarmchairbenefitsapersonasmeditationdoesB、structuredrelaxationtechniquesaremorebeneficialforapersonC、toachieveastateofdeeprelaxationispossiblethroughvariousmeansD、whatpeopleareallstrugglingforisastateofdeeprelaxation28.Inthethirdparagraph,thephrasegettingtheremeans____________.A、arrivingatonesdestinationB、gettingwhatonewantsmostC、findingoutasuitablerelaxationtechniqueD、reachingastateofdeeprelaxation29.Asfarrelaxationisconcerned,theauthorindicatesthat____________.A、aimsaremoreimportantthanmeansB、meansaremoreimportantthanaimsC、moreandmorepeopleareinterestedinrelaxationtechniquesD、somerelaxationtechniquesarebetterthanothers30.Theauthorsattitudetowardrelaxationdiscussedinthepassageisbestdescribedas____________.A、subjectiveB、objectiveC、optimisticD、criticalPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Peopleseldomfeelneutralaboutpoetry(诗).Thosewholoveitsometimesgivetheimpressionthatitisanadequatesubstituteforfood,shelter,andlove.Itisnt.Words,nomatterhowsatisfying,areneveranequivalentforlifeitselfanditshumanexperiences.Thosewhodislikepoetryonprinciplesometimesclaim,ontheotherhand,thatpoetryisonlywordsandgoodfornothing.Thatsnottrueeither.Itiseasytobecomefrustratedbywordsinpoetryorinlifebutwhenwordsrepresentandrecreategenuinehumanfeelings,astheyoftendoinpoetry,theycanbeveryimportant.Poetryis,infact,morethanjustwords.Itisanexperienceofwords,andthosewhoknowhowtoreadpoetrycaneasilyextendtheirexperienceoflife,theirsenseofwhatotherpeoplearelike,theirawarenessofthemselves,andtheirrangeofhumanfeelings.Onereasonpoetrycanbesoimportantisthatitissocloselyconcernedwithfeelings.Poetryisoftenfullofideas,too,andsometimespoemscanbepowerfulexperiencesofthemind,butmostpoemsareprimarilyabouthowpeoplefeelratherthanhowpeoplethink.Poemsprovide,infact,alanguageforfeeling,andoneofpoetrysmostinsistentmeritsinvolvesitsattempttoexpresstheinexpressible.Howcananyone,forexample,putintowordswhatitmeanstobeinloveorwhatitfeelsliketolosesomeoneonecaresaboutPoetrytries,anditoftencapturesexactlytheshadeofemotionthatfeelsjustrighttoareader.Nosinglepoemcanbesaidtoexpressallthethingsthatloveordeathfeelslike,ormeans,butoneofthejoysofexperiencingpoetryoccurswhenwereadapoemandwanttosay,Yes,thatisjustwhatitislikeIknowexactlywhatthatlinemeansbutIveneverbeenabletoexpressitsowell.Poetrycanbethevoiceofourfeelingsevenwhenourmindsarespeechlesswithgrieforjoy.31.Peopleseldomfeelneutralaboutpoetry(inPara.1)inthiscontextmeansthat____________.A、fewpeoplethinkthatpoetryisneutralB、peoplealwaysdifferintheirviewsaboutpoetryC、peoplerarelytakeabiasedopinionaboutpoetryD、peoplegenerallythinkofpoetryasextremelyimportantortotallyuseless32.Theauthorsuggeststhat____________.A、poetrytendstomakethereaderdisappointedB、poetrymakesitsreaderssentimentalC、poetryismoreimportantthanwordsD、poetryoftencapturesrealhumanfeelings33.Accordingtotheauthor,poetry____________.A、ismorethanjustwordsB、isthepoetsfeelingsaboutwordsC、isanythingbutpatternsoflinesD、isanexperimentontheuseofwords34.Poetrytries,persistently,toexpress____________.A、whatloveanddeathmeanB、whatpeoplethinkaboutthemselvesC、whatpeoplefeelbutfindithardtodescribeD、howpeoplegothroughlife35.Thispassageismainlyabout____________.A、thestructureofpoetryB、thecomponentsofpoetryC、thenatureandimportanceofpoetryD、theappreciationofpoetryPARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling(10points,1pointfortwowords)将下列汉语单调成英语并写在答题纸上。每个词的词类和第一个字母已在答题纸上给出。首字母后的每条短线上只写一个字母。36.护照37.目标38.邮费39.海洋40.削弱41.月亮的42.检查,视察43.集体宿舍44.债务45.基本的46.内容47.熟悉的48.慷慨的49.邀请50.发明者51.菜单52.明显的53.不论如何,不顾54.智慧55.女主人Ⅴ.WordForm(10point,1pointforeach)将括号中的各词变为适当形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Amancannotbereallyhappyifwhatheenjoys____________(do)isignoredbysocietyasofnovalueorimportance.57.Someproverbs____________(be)inthelanguagefor1,000years,forexample,Afriendinneedisafriendindeed.58.Anyone____________(want)tounderstandtheindustryofthefuturewillhavetoknowaboutrobotics.59.Thenationsthat____________actively____________(involve)inearthquakepredictionprogramsincludeJapan,China,Russia,andtheUnitedStates.60.Itisawellknowfactthatapersonwillmoveinacirclewhenhecannotusehiseyes____________(control)hisdirection.61.In1991,aftertheGulfWar,Bushsapprovalratingreached91percent,thehighestlevelrecordedsincepolling____________(begin)inthe1930s.62.Asresearchtechniquesbecomemoreadvanced,thenumberofanimals____________(use)inexperimentsmaydecrease.63.Seeingviolenceontelevisionorreadingaboutitinthenewspaperseveryday____________(make)ustoleratecrimemorethanweshould.64.The____________(far)awaywegetfromtheearth,thethinnertheairbecomes.65.Theydemandedthattherighttovote____________(give)toeveryadultperson.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(15points,3pointsforeach)将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.快速旅行对人体的影响比我们意识到的要大得多。67.一个社会的人口增长率越接近零,其人口便越老龄化。68.据说那个病人曾要求医生助他一死。69.机器人将要在哪些领域替代人的工作呢70.几年前被认为不可能实施的手术现在医院都能做。Ⅶ.TranslationformEnglishintoChinese(15points)将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Ifyouonlyneedtotravelashortdistance,quickestwaytotravelinmostcitiesisonfoot.Duringworkinghoursthetrafficisveryheavyonmostcitystreets,sometimescomingtoacompletestopinplaces.Asaresult,manypeopleprefertowalk.Youshouldthereforebeawareofsomeofthetrafficlaws.Itisagainstthelawinmanycitiestocrossthestreetatanyplaceexceptatthecorner.Youshouldnotcrossthestreetunlessthereisagreentrafficlightfacinginthedirectionyouplantocross.Insmalltowns,theserulesmaynotbefollowedasclosely,becausethetrafficisusuallynotsoheavy.However,thepurposeofthelawsistoprovideforthesafetyandprotectionofthepeople.Obeyingtrafficsignalsisespeciallyimportantifyoucomefromalefthanddrivecountry.Remembertolookbothwaysforautomobileswhenyoucrossthestreet.【参考答案】Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeach)1.D2.B3.C4.C5.D6.B7.A8.C9.A10.AⅡ.ClozeTest11.A12.C13.C14.A15.D16.C17.B18.A19.D20.AⅢ.ReadingComprehension21.B22.C23.A24.A25.D26.C27.C28.D29.A30.B31.D32.D33.A34.C35.CⅣ.WordSpelling36.passport37.target38.postage39.ocean40.weaken41.lunar42.inspect43.dormitory44.debt45.basic46.content47.familiar48.generous49.invite50.inventor51.menu52.obvious53.regardless54.wisdom55.hostessⅤ.WordForm56.doing57.havebeen58.wanting59.areinvolved60.tocontrol61.began62.used63.makes64.farther65.(should)begivenⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish66.Theeffectsofrapidonthehumanbodyaremuchgreaterthanwerealize.67.Thenearerasocietyapproximatestozeropopulationgrowth,theolderitspopulationis.68.Thepatientissaidtohaveaskedthedoctortohelphimdie.69.Inwhatfieldswillrobotstakeoverhumantasks70.Operationsthatwereconsideredimpossibleafewyearsagocannowbeperformedinmanyhospitals.Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese[参考答案]如果你只走短距离的路程,在大多数城市里最快捷的办法是步行。在上班时间,大多数城市的街道交通都很拥挤、有些地方有时完全阻塞。结果,许多人宁愿步行。因此,你应该注意某些交通法规。许多城市除路口外,随处横过马路是违法的。你应当等到对面亮起绿色交通灯时,再过马路。在小市镇,因为交通通常没有那么拥挤,可能不那么严格遵守这些规则。不过交通法规的目的是为大家提供安全保护。如果你是来自靠左边行驶的国家,就尤其要遵守交通信号。记住过马路时,要注意左右两边的车辆。2001年上半年全国高等教育自学考试英语(二)试卷第一部分(选择题,共50分)I.VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeachitem)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Itwasthere,thepolicebelieve,________shewasabletoactivatetherecordershekeptinherbag.A、untilB、whichC、thatD、when2.Itisnotyetknown________computerswillonedayhavevisionasgoodashumanvision.A、whetherB、ifC、thatD、how3.Ifyouarenow________,yououghttopaymoreattentiontoyourhealth.A、inthefiftiesB、inyourfiftiesC、infiftiesD、inyourfifty4.Americanshavelearnedmuchabouthewayinwhichthesystemcanbemanagedsoasto________thepeacefultransferofpowerfromonepartytotheother.A、makeitpossibleB、makepossibleC、makepossiblyD、makeitpossibly5.________theirdifferences,theyfellpassionatelyinlovewitheachother.A、AsforB、OwingtoC、DespiteD、Through6.Suchattitudesamounttoabelief________leisurecanandshouldbeputtogooduse.
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