09年4月自考英语二模拟试卷及答案.doc.doc09年4月自考英语二模拟试卷及答案.doc.doc

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1高等教育自学考试英语(二)模拟试卷1本试卷分为两部分,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。第一部分为选择题,第二部分为非选择题。PARTONE(50POINTS)IVOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案.并在答题卡将相应的字母涂黑。1THENEIGHBORSDONOTCONSIDERHIMQUITEASMOSTEVENINGSHEAWAKENSTHEMWITHHISDRUNKENSINGINGARESPECTFULBRESPECTINGCRESPECTABLEDRESPECTIVE2MOSTARABCOUNTRIESHAVEASIXDAYWORKWEEKFROMSATURDAYTHROUGHTHURSDAYWHEN____WITHTHEMONDAYTOFRIDAYPRACTICEINMOSTWESTERNCOUNTRIES,ITLEAVESONLYFOURWORKDAYSSHAREDAASSOCIATEDBMATCHEDCSATISFIEDDCONNECTED3________,THEWORSEISEEMTOFEELAWHENITAKESOMEATSOMEBTHEMOREMEDICINEITAKECTAKINGMOREOFTHEMEDICINEDTHEMOREMEDICINETAKEN4IDON’TKNOWHOWTOGETSUSANTOGIVEUPSMOKING,BUTI’MGOINGTODOIT_______AINANYCASEBINNOCASECBYSOMEMEANSDBYNOMEANS5HUMANBEINGS_______ALOTTOTHEBIRDSANDBEASTSWHOEATINSECTSAOBLIGEBOWECTHANKDGRATITUDE6_____,HEISAHEALTHY,HOWEVERATHOUGHOLDASHEBTHOUGHHEISASOLDCOLDASHEISD.OLDTHOUGHHEIS7MANYGRADUATESOFFOURYEARCOLLEGESAREFINDINGTHATANMBADEGREEISNOTA______FORAGOODJOBAPROOFBGUARANTEECCERTIFICATE2DEVIDENCE8NOSOONER_______HISROOMWHENTHETELEPHONERANGADIDHEENTERBHEHADENTEREDCHADHEENTEREDDHEHASENTERED9THEVILLAGESWANTEDVERYMUCHTOHAVEACINEMA_____INTHISAREAATOBEBUILTBBUILDCBUILTD.BEBUILT10IWISHI_______MYRESEARCHPAPERYESTERDAYBUTIWASTOOLATEAHADFINISHEDTOWRITEBCOULDHAVEFINISHEDWRITINGCCOULDHAVEFINISHEDTOWRITEDMIGHTFINISHWRITINGIICLOZETEST10POINTS,LPOINTFOREACHITEM下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。DEARSIR,IWASTHRILLED___11__READYOURADVERTISEMENTFORASALESREPRESENTATIVEINTHE“DOLMETHADVERTISER”,BECAUSEICANSTATEQUITETRUTHFULLYTHATITHASALWAYSBEENMYAMBITIONTOWORKFORYOURFIRM,WHICHHAS__12_JUSTIFIABLYHIGHINTERNATIONALREPUTATIONFORTHEQUALITYOFITSPRODUCTSIWASEDUCATEDATBARMOUTHGRAMMARSCHOOL,WHICHILEFTIN1984MYSCHOOLMASTERSALLSPOKEVERYHIGHLY___13__MYWORK,ANDIWASALWAYSCONSIDEREDTHEBRIGHTBOYOFMYCLASSITRAINEDFORSIXMONTHS__14__ASALESREPRESENTATIVEWITHEDGELEYBROTHERS,BUTILEFTBECAUSETHEIROLDFASHIONEDSELLINGMETHODSIRKEDMEIHADALWAYSBEINTERESTEDINTHETECHNIQUESOFSEELING__15_,ASMYFATHERSAYS,COULD“SELLAREFRIGERATORTOANESKIMO”__16_THEWAY,IWONSECONDPRIZEFORARTINMYFIRSTYEARATBARMOUTHGRAMMARISHOULDEXPECTAFAIRLYHIGHSALARY,BUTISHOULDARRANGETHATWITHYOUATTHEINTERVIEWIALWAYSBELIEVE__17__THEWORKMANISWORTHYOFHISHIRE,DON’TYOUMYREFEREESARETWOOFTHE__18__RESPECTEDRESIDENCEINTHEDISTRICTTHEIRHONESTYISBEYONDDISPUTETHEFIRSTISOURVICAR,MRBROWNYOUMAYHAVESEENHIM__19__TELEVISIONON“LATECALL”,ORONONEOFHISTVAPPEARANCESHISADDRESSISTHEVICARAGE,BARMOUTHANDNORFOLKMYOTHERREFEREEISMYSCOUTMASTER,MRWJOHNSONOF42,LYNMOUTHCRESCENT,BARMOUTH,NORFOLKHEHASKNOWNMEALMOSTALLMYLIFEIHAVEOFTENBEENATSCOUTCAMPSWITHHIM,WHEREMYKNOWLEDGEOFWOODCRAFTPROVEDOFGREATVALUEANDI’MSURETHATIFIAMGIVENTHE__20__YOUWILLNEVERREGRETIT,ANDILOOKFORWARDCONFIDENTLYTOTHEINTERVIEW311ATOBATCOFDWITH12AABANCMANYDMUCH13AOFBINCABOUTDAT14ATOBOFCASDFOR15AANDB.BUTCASDTHEN16AINB.BYCOFDON17ATHATBWHICHCWHATDWHERE18ALEASTBBESTCMOSTDHIGH19AINBATCONDOVER20AJOBBTASKCASSIGNMENTDMONEYIIIREADINGCOMPREHENSION30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEALCOHOLAFFECTSTHEBRAIN;ANDITSIMMEDIATEEFFECTSAREMOREMARKEDONTHOSEWHOARENOTUSEDTOTHEDRUGTHANONREGULARDRINKERSITISNOTASTIMULANTBUTADEPRESSANT,WHICHADVERSELYAFFECTSCONCENTRATION,REMOVESINHABITATIONS,ANDINCREASESTHERISKOFACCIDENTSUNDERTHEINFLUENCEOFALCOHOLPEOPLEARELESSABLETOEXERCISESELFCONTROLANDMAYSAYANDDOTHINGSTHATTHEYAFTERWARDSREGRETPERHAPSFORTHERESTOFTHEIRLIVESFOREXAMPLE,AGIRLWHODOESNOTWISHTOHAVEABABYMAYBEMADEPREGNANTBYAMANWHOMSHEWOULDNOTHAVECHOSENASTHEFARTHEROFHERCHILD;ANDAMANMAYMAKEPREGNANTAWOMANWHOMHEWOULDNOTHAVECHOSENASTHEMOTHEROFHISCHILDSOMEOTHERFORMSOFDRUGTAKING,LIKEDRINKINGALCOHOLANDSMOKINGTOBACCO,AREPARTOFGROUPBEHAVIORSUCHDRUGTAKINGISENCOURAGEDBYTHOSEWHOAREALREADYADDICTEDTOTHEDRUG,ANDBYTHOSEWHOPROFITBYMAKINGANDSELLINGTHEDRUGIMEANONEWHOSTARTSTAKINGADRUGMAYSOONBECOMEADDICTEDTOITASWITHALLBADHABITS,ITISBETTERNOTTOSTARTDRUGTAKINGTHANTOSUFFERTHEPHYSICALANDEMOTIONALHARMCAUSEDBYTHEDRUGANDTOHAVETHEPROBLEMOFTRYINGTOBREAKTHEADDICTIONITISBEST,THEREFORE,TOREFUSETHEDRUGSTHATISOFFEREDAPARTFROMOTHERCONSIDERATIONS,DRUGSTHATCOMEFROMUNRELIABLESOURCESBECAUSETHEIRMANUFACTURERANDDISTRIBUTIONISAGAINSTTHELAWANDNOTAVAILABLEINCAREFULLYMEASUREDANDDOSESANDTHEIRPURITYARENOTGUARANTEEDTHEIREFFECTSAREUNPREDICTABLEANDTHEYMAYWELLBEDANGEROUSIFSUCHDRUGSAREOFFEREDBYSOCALLEDFRIENDSYOUWOULDN’TBEWELLADVISEDTOFINDNEWFRIENDS,WHOSHAREYOURVALUES,ANDTOCONTINUEBEINGYOURSELF21REGULARDRINKERSOFALCOHOLARETHOSEWHO_______AARENOTUSEDTOTHEDRUGBMANYGETIMMEDIATEEFFECTSFROMTHEDRINKCSUFFERERALOTFROMTHEDRINKDDRINKTHEDRUGVERYOFTEN22UNDERTHEINFLUENCEOFALCOHOL,PEOPLE____________AAREABLETOCONCENTRATETHEMSELVESBAREABLETOEXERCISESELFCONTROL4CAREAFRAIDOFTAKINGTHERISKOFACCIDENTSDMAYSEEANDDOTHINGSTHATTHEYAFTERWARDSREGRET23THEGIRLINTHEPASSAGE_________AISMADEPREGNANTBYAMANSHEDOESN’TLIKEBWISHESTOMARRYTHEMANWHOISHERBABY’SFARTHERCDOESNOTREALLYLIKETHEMANTOMARRYHERDDOESNOTHAVEABABY24ACCORDINGTOTHEAUTHOR,WEYOUAREOFFEREDADRUG,YOU’DBETTER____AREFUSEITBTAKEITFROMRELIABLESOURCESCACCEPTITANDSOONBECOMEADDICTEDTOITDSTARTDRUGTAKING25DRUGSTHATCOMEFROMUNRELIABLESOURCES__________AAREILLEGALBARENOTAVAILABLEINMEASUREDDOSESCAREENCOURAGEDTOTAKEDAREMANUFACTUREDABROADPASSAGETWOQUESTIONS26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEEVERYBODYGETSSICKDISEASEANDINJURYMAKEUSSUFFERTHROUGHOUTOURLIVESUNTIL,FINALLY,SOMEATTACKONTHEBODYBRINGSOUREXISTENCETOANENDFORTUNATELY,MOSTOFUSINMODERNINDUSTRIALIZEDSOCIETIESCANTAKERELATIVELYGOODHEALTHFORGRANTEDMOSTOFTHETIMEINFACT,WETENDTOFULLYREALIZETHEIMPORTANCEOFGOODHEALTHONLYWHENWEORTHOSECLOSETOUSBECOMESERIOUSLYILLATSUCHTIMESWEKEENLYAPPRECIATETHEANCIENTTRUTHTHATHEALTHISOURMOSTPRECIOUSASSET,ONEFORWHICHWEMIGHTREADILYGIVEUPSUCHREWARDSASPOWER,WEALTH,ORFAME荣誉BECAUSEILLHEALTHISAUNIVERSALPROBLEM,AFFECTINGBOTHTHEINDIVIDUALANDSOCIETY,THEHUMANRESPONSETOSICKNESSINALWAYSSOCIALLYORGANIZEDNOSOCIETYLEAVESTHERESPONSIBILITYFORMAINTAININGHEALTHANDTREATINGILLHEALTHENTIRELYTOTHEINDIVIDUALEACHSOCIETYDEVELOPSITSOWNCONCEPTSOFHEALTHANDSICKNESSANDAUTHORIZESCERTAINPEOPLETODECIDEWHOISSICKANDHOWTHESICKSHOULDBETREATEDAROUNDTHISFOCUSTHEREARISES,OVERTIME,ANUMBEROFSTANDARD,VALUES,GROUPS,STATUSES,ANDROLESINOTHERWORDS,ANINSTITUTION体系,机构TOTHESOCIOLOGIST社会学家,THEN,MEDICINEISTHEINSTITUTIONCONCERNEDWITHTHEMAINTENANCEOFHEALTHANDTHETREATMENTOFDISEASEINTHESIMPLEPREINDUSTRIALSOCIETIES,MEDICINEISUSUALLYANASPECTOFRELIGIONTHESOCIALARRANGEMENTSFORDEALINGWITHSICKNESSAREVERYELEMENTARY,OFTENINVOLVINGONLYTWOROLESTHESICKANDTHEHEALER治疗者THELATERISTYPICALLYALSOTHEPRIEST牧师,WHORELIESPRIMARILYONRELIGIOUSCEREMONIES,BOTHTOIDENTIFYANDTOTREATDISEASEFOREXAMPLE,BONESMAYBETHROWNTOESTABLISHACAUSE,SONGSMAYBEUSEDTOBRINGABOUTACUREINMODERNINDUSTRIALIZEDSOCIETIES,ONTHEOTHERHAND,THEINSTITUTIONHASBECOMEHIGHLYCOMPLICATEDANDSPECIALIZED,INCLUDINGDOZENSOFROLES5SUCHASTHOSEOFBRAINSURGEON,DRUGGIST,HOSPITALADMINISTRATOR,LINKEDWITHORGANIZATIONSSUCHASNURSINGHOUSES,INSURANCECOMPANIES,ANDMEDICALSCHOOLSMEDICINE,INFACT,HASBECOMETHESUBJECTOFINTENSESOCIOLOGICALINTERESTPRECISELYBECAUSEITISNOWONEOFTHEMOSTPERVASIVEANDCOSTLYINSTITUTIONSOFMODERNSOCIETY26WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEACCORDINGTOPARAGRAPH1A、NOWADAYSMOSTPEOPLEBELIEVEB、HUMANLIFEINVOLVESAGREATDEALOFPAINANDSUFFERINGC、MOSTOFUSAREAWAREOFTHEFULLVALUEOFHEALTHD、ANCIENTPEOPLEBELIEVEDTHATHEALTHWASMOREEXPENSIVETHANANYTHINGELSE27THEWORD“AUTHORIZE”INPARAGRAPH2MEANS“______”A、MAKEWAYFORB、GIVEPOWERTOC、WRITEANORDERFORD、MAKEITPOSSIBLEFOR28INPARAGRAPH2,WELEARNTHATTHESOCIOLOGISTREGARDSMEDICINEAS______A、ASYSTEMWHOSEPURPOSEISTOTREATDISEASEANDKEEPPEOPLEHEALTHYB、AUNIVERSALPROBLEMTHATAFFECTSEVERYSOCIETYC、ASOCIALRESPONSIBILITYTOTREATILLHEALTHD、ASCIENCETHATFOCUSESONTHETREATMENTOFDISEASE29ACCORDINGTOPARAGRAPH3,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUEA、INTHEPAST,BONESMIGHTBEUSEDTODECIDEWHYPEOPLEFELLILLB、INPREINDUSTRIALSOCIETIESPRIESTSSOMETIMESTREATEDPATIENTSBYSINGINGC、MODERNMEDICINEISSOCOMPLICATEDTHATSOCIOLOGYNOLONGERHASAPLACEINITD、THEREWEREONLYTWOROLESINANELEMENTARYMEDICALSYSTEM,THEPATIENTANDTHEONEWHOTRIEDTOCURETHEM30THEAUTHOROFTHISPASSAGEISMAINLYCONCERNEDWITH______A、SOCIOLOGICALASPECTSINMEDICINEB、MEDICALTREATMENTOFDISEASESC、THEDEVELOPMENTOFMEDICALSCIENCED、THEROLEOFRELIGIONINMEDICINEPASSAGETHREEQUESTIONS31TO35AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGELET’SLOOKATANOTHEREXAMPLEOFHOWPEOPLE’SCOMMUNICATIONPATTERNSDIFFERTHEWAYPEOPLECONSERVESOMEFOREIGNERSHAVEOBSERVEDTHATWHENAMERICANSCARRYONACONVERSATION,ITSEEMSASIFTHEYAREHAVINGAPINGPONGGAMEONEPERSONHASTHEBALLANDTHENHITSITTOTHEOTHERSIDEOFTHETABLETHEOTHERPLAYERHITSTHEBALLBACKANDTHEGAMECONTINUESIFONEPERSONDOESN’TRETURNTHEBALL,THENTHECONVERSATIONSTOPSEACHPARTOFTHECONVERSATIONFOLLOWSTHISPATTERNTHEGREETINGANDTHEOPENING,THEDISCUSSIONOFATOPIC,ANDTHECLOSINGANDFAREWELLIFEITHERPERSONTALKSTOOMUCH,THEOTHERMAYBECOMEIMPATIENTANDFEELTHATHEISDOMINATINGTHECONVERSATIONSIMILARLY,IFONEPERSONDOESN’TSAYENOUGHORASKENOUGHQUESTIONSTOKEEPTHECONVERSATIONGOING,THECONVERSATIONSTOPS6MANYNORTHAMERICANSAREIMPATIENTWITHCULTURALLYDIFFERENTCONVERSATIONSTYLESSIMPLYBECAUSETHESTYLESAREUNFAMILIARFOREXAMPLE,TOMANYNORTHAMERICANS,ITSEEMSTHATSOMELATINAMERICANSDOMINATECONVERSATIONS,ORHOLDTHEBALLTOOLONGSPEAKINGOFHERCOWORKERSFROMSEVERALLATINAMERICANCOUNTRIES,ONENORTHAMERICANSWOMANSAID,”IJUSTFINDITDIFFICULTTOCUTINTHEYSEEMTOTAKESUCHALONGTIMETOEXPRESSTHEMSELVESTHEYGIVEYOUALOTOFUNNECESSARYDETAILS”WHENSHETALKEDWITHTHEM,SHEBECAMETENSE,BECAUSESHEFOUNDITSOHARDTOPARTICIPATEYETSHEALSONOTEDTHATWHENTHEYTALKEDTOEACHOTHER,NOBODYSEEMEDUNCOMFORTABLEORLEFTOUTTHENORTHAMERICANWOMANDIDN’TKNOWHOWTOINTERRUPTTHELATINAMERICANCONVERSATIONSBECAUSENORTHAMERICANWAYSOFLISTENINGANDBREAKINGINAREVERYDIFFERENTSHEHADBEENTAUGHTTOLISTENPOLITELYUNTILTHEOTHERPERSONHADFINISHEDTALKINGONCEAGAIN,THEREAREGENDER性别DIFFERENCE;ITHASBEENOBSERVEDTHATMENTENDTOINTERRUPTWOMENMORETHANWOMENINTERRUPTMENWHENTHENORTHAMERICANWOMANDIDWHATWAS“NATURAL”OR“NORMAL”FORHERIE,LISTENPOLITELYWITHOUTINTERRUPTING,SHEWASNOTCOMFORTABLEINTHECONVERSATIONWITHTHELATINAMERICANSTHERESULTWASTHATSHEBECAMEMOREPASSIVEINHERCONVERSATIONSWITHHERCOWORKERSTHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENTHEUNSPOKENRULESOFCONVERSATIONOFEACHCULTURALGROUPINTERFEREDWITHTHEIRONTHEJOBRELATIONS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