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2001年4月份全国高等教育自学考试自考英语二试卷.doc.doc2001年4月份全国高等教育自学考试自考英语二试卷.doc.doc -- 5 元

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自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)第一部分选择题,共50分I.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Itwasthere,thepolicebelieve,________shewasabletoactivatetherecordershekeptinherbag.A、untilB、whichC、thatD、when2.Itisnotyetknown________computerswillonedayhavevisionasgoodashumanvision.A、whetherB、ifC、thatD、how3.Ifyouarenow________,yououghttopaymoreattentiontoyourhealth.A、inthefiftiesB、inyourfiftiesC、infiftiesD、inyourfifty4.Americanshavelearnedmuchabouthewayinwhichthesystemcanbemanagedsoasto________thepeacefultransferofpowerfromonepartytotheother.A、makeitpossibleB、makepossibleC、makepossiblyD、makeitpossibly5.________theirdifferences,theyfellpassionatelyinlovewitheachother.A、AsforB、OwingtoC、DespiteD、Through6.Suchattitudesamounttoabelief________leisurecanandshouldbeputtogooduse.A、whichB、ifC、whetherD、that7.________yourselftothejobinhand,andyoullsoonfinishit.A、ReplyB、ImplyC、ApplyD、Supply8.Thiswillnotonlykeepthestudyhabitalivebutalsokeepyouupto________自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)onyourclassassignmentsandprojects.A、dayB、dateC、numberD、time9.Icant________themeaningofhispoembecauseitstoovague.A、turnoutB、putoutC、figureoutD、lookout10.Somepeoplethinkthatanimalresearchisirrelevant________ourhealthandthatitcanoftenproducemisleadingresults.A、withB、atC、onD、toII.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。Tourismisthetemporarymovementofpeopletodestinationsoutsidetheirnormalplacesofworkandresidence居住,theactivities11duringtheirstayinthosedestinations,andthefacilitiescreatedto12theirneeds.Tourismisaluxury.Untilrecently,participation13restrictedtotheselectfew14couldaffordboththetimeandmoneytotravel.15,increasedleisureandhigherincomeshavecombinedtoenablemorepeopletojoinin.Improvementsintransportation,andthegrowthofinclusive全包的toursandotherformsofrelativelycheapvacationtravel,havefurther16theopportunitytotravelforpleasure.Todaythemajorityofpeopleinthedevelopedworldandincreasingnumbersinthedevelopingcountriesaretourists17sometimeintheirlives.Tourismisnolongerthespecialrightofafewbutisanacceptedand18expectedpartofthelifestylesofalargeandgrowingnumberofpeople.Tourismis19majoreconomicandsocialsignificance.Morethan270milliontouristsspend92billionUSannuallyinplacesoutsidetheirowncountries.Thisisoneofthelargestitemsintheworldsforeigntrade.Withaworldgrowthinvisitorarrivalrateof206percentperyear,tourismisalsooneofthefastestgrowingeconomicactivities.Itisthemostimportantexportindustryandearnerofforeignexchangeinmanycountries.11.A.undertakenB.toundertakeC.undertakingD.undertook12.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)A.demandB.requestC.meetD.consider13.A.isB.wasC.willbeD.were14.A.theyB.thoseC.whoD.these15.A.MoreoverB.ThereforeC.AndD.However16.A.extendedB.intendedC.tendedD.pretended17.A.inB.onC.overD.at18.A.evenB.stillC.soD.yet19.A.forB.ofC.toD.after20.A.considerablyB.relativelyC.significantly自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)D.approximatelyIII.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.BytheTreatyofParisof1763,whichendedthewarwiththeFrenchandtheIndians,EnglandgainedpossessionofCanadaandalltheterritoryeastoftheMississippiRiver.FrenchinfluenceonthiscontinentthuscametoanendEnglandnowcontrolledmostofNorthAmerica.Butthewarhadbeenlongandexpensive.Englandhadmanydebts.GeorgeIII,kingofEngland,afterconsultingwithhisadvisers,decidedthattheAmericancolonists殖民者shouldhelppaysomeoftheexpensesofthiswar.AstandingEnglisharmyof10,000menhadbeenleftinthecolonies殖民地forprotectionagainsttheIndians.TheEnglishgovernmentalsofeltthatthecolonistsshouldshareintheexpensesofmaintainingthisarmy.Theresultwasaseriesofmeasures,theGrenvilleProgram,passedbyParliamentanddesignedtoraisemoneyinthecolonies.Someofthesemeasureswereacceptedbythecolonists,butoneinparticular,theStampAct,wasmetwithgreatprotest.TheStampActrequiredthatstamps,ranginginpricefromafewcentstoalmostadollar,beplacedonallnewspapers,advertisements,billsofsale,wills,legalpapers,etc.TheStampActwasoneofthecausesoftheAmericanRevolution.Itaffectedeveryone,richandpooralike.Somebusinessmenfeltthattheactwouldsurelyruintheirbusinesses.OfallthevoicesraisedinprotesttotheStampAct,nonehadgreatereffectthanthatofayounglawyerfromVirginiaPatrickHenry.HenryhadonlyrecentlybeenelectedtotheVirginiaAssembly.YetwhentheStampActcameupfordiscussion,heopposeditalmostsinglehandedly.Healsoexpressed,forthefirsttime,certainideasthatwereheldbymanyAmericansofthetimebutthatneverbeforehadbeenstatedsoopenly.Islifesodearorpeacesosweet,astobeboughtatthepriceofchainsandslaveryForbidit,Almighty万能的GodIknownotwhatcourseothersmaytake,butasforme,givemeliberty,orgivemedeath21.Fromthetextwelearnthat___________________.A、BritaintookoverCanadafromtheIndiansin1763B、therehadbeenawarbetweentheFrenchandtheIndianswhichendedin1763C、FranceusedtohavecontrolofCanadaandsomeareaseastoftheMississippiRiverD、theFrenchstillkeptsomeinfluenceinNorthAmericathroughtheTreatyofParis22.TheGrenvilleProgramrefersto___________________.A、KingGeorgeIIIsplantogathermoneyinNorthAmericaB、theBritishgovernmentsdesiretoraisemoneyinNorthAmericaC、aplantosharetheexpensesofmaintaininganarmyintheAmericancoloniesD、adecisionoftheBritishParliamenttocollectmoneyintheAmericancolonies自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)23.TheStampAct___________________.A、wasanactaboutsellingstampsatpricesfromafewcentstoalmostadollarB、requiredthatallcommercialandlegaldocumentsinAmericahavestampsonthemC、wasthemaincauseoftheAmericanRevolutionD、chieflyaffectedbusinesspeoplewhofeltitwouldruintheirbusinesses24.FromthetextwelearnthatPatrickHenry___________________.A、hadbeenamemberoftheVirginiaAssemblyforalongtimeB、didntknowwhatcoursestotaketocompletehisstudiesasalawyerC、wasalmosttheonlyonewhoopenlyprotestedagainsttheStampActD、didntvaluelifeorpeaceasmuchasotherpeopledid25.Thispassageismainlyabout___________________.A、oneoftheeventsleadingtotheAmericanRevolutionB、theTreatyofParisbetweenBritainandFranceC、theGrenvilleProgramtoraisemoneyintheAmericancoloniesD、PatrickHenry,aherowhoopposedtheStampActPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Anumberofrecentbookshavereworkedsubjects,formsandwritingtechniques.Todayschildrenreadstoriesaboutdivorce,death,drugs,airpollution,politicalextremismandviolence.Relyingonthemagicoftheillustrator,allkindsofbooksarebeingpublished.Beforetheyknowtoread,babiescanplaywithbooksmadeofclothorbooksmadetotakeinthebath.Lateron,theyaregivenpicturebooksthatmaybecubical立方形的ortriangular,outsizedorverysmall.Theyalsolikeworkbookswhichcomewithwatercoloursandpaintbrushes,andcomicbooks漫画册filledwithdetailswheretheyhavetospotafigurehiddenamongthousandsofothers.Notthatthetraditionalchildrensbooksarebeingneglected.Therearestillstorybookswherethepagespopup跳起whentheyareopened,tomakeaforestoracastle.Amongthelatestideasareinteractivestorieswherereaderschoosetheplot情节orendingtheywant,andbooksonCD,whichareverypopularinrichindustrializedcountries.Thepublichasenthusiasticallygreetedthewealthofcreativitydisplayedbypublishers.Previously,givingachildabookasoftenseenasimproper,saysCanadianauthorMarieFranceHebért.Herbooks,publishedbyaFrenchlanguagepublisher,selllikehotcakesinhundredsofthousandsofcopies.TheresarealappetiteforreadingthesedaysandItrytogetacrosstochildrenthepassionforreadingwhichisfoodforthemindandtheheart,likeamedicineoravitamin.26.ReworkedasusedinParagraph1means___________________.A、rewordedB、rewrittenC、processedD、revised自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)27.Inthesecondparagraphtheauthorliststhekindsofbooks___________________.A、recentlypublishedB、ofvariousshapesC、babieslikeD、popularamongchildren28.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueA、Booksmadeofclothcameoutearlierthanpicturebooks.B、Whenyoubuyworkbooksyouwillbegivenfreecomicbooks.C、Traditionalchildrensbooksarenotbeingremovedfrommarket.D、Babiescannothavebookswhiletakingabath.29.Theexpressiongetacrosstochildreninthelastparagraphprobablymeans___________________.A、passontochildrenB、makechildrenbelieveC、teachchildrenD、getaroundtochildren30.Themainideaofthelastparagraphisthatpeoplehave___________________.A、warmlywelcomedtheabundanceofwealthshownbypublishersB、warmlywelcomedtheenormousamountofcreativityshownbypublishersC、showedgreatenthusiasminpublishersoftreatwealtyD、reactedstronglytotheunlimitedcreativityofpublishersPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Everybodygetssick.Diseaseandinjurymakeussufferthroughoutourlivesuntil,finally,someattackonthebodybringsourexistencetoanend.Fortunately,mostofusinmodernindustrializedsocietiescantakerelativelygoodhealthforgrantedmostofthetime.Infact,wetendtofullyrealizetheimportanceofgoodhealthonlywhenweorthoseclosetousbecomeseriouslyill.Atsuchtimeswekeenlyappreciatetheancienttruththathealthisourmostpreciousasset,oneforwhichwemightreadilygiveupsuchrewardsaspower,wealth,orfame荣誉.Becauseillhealthisuniversalproblem,affectingboththeindividualandsociety,thehumanresponsetosicknessisalwayssociallyorganized.Nosocietyleavestheresponsibilityformaintaininghealthandtreatingillhealthentirelytotheindividual.Eachsocietydevelopsitsownconceptsofhealthandsicknessandauthorizescertainpeopletodecidewhoissickandhowthesickshouldbetreated.Aroundthisfocustherearises,overtime,anumberofstandards,values,groups,statuses,androlesinotherwords,aninstitution体系机构.Tothesociologist社会学家,then,medicineistheinstitutionconcernedwiththemaintenanceofhealthandtreatmentofdisease.Inthesimplestpreindustrialsocieties,medicineisusuallyanaspectof自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)religion.Thesocialarrangementsfordealingwithsicknessareveryelementary,ofteninvolvingonlytworolesthesickandthehealer治疗者.Thelatteristypicallyalsothepriest牧师,whoreliesprimarilyonreligiousceremonies,bothtoidentifyandtotreatdiseaseforexample,bonesmaybethrowntoestablishacause,songsmaybeusedtobringaboutacure.Inmodernindustrializedsocieties,ontheotherhand,theinstitutionhasbecomehighlycomplicatedandspecialized,includingdozensofrolessuchasthoseofbrainsurgeon,druggist,hospitaladministrator,linkedwithvariousorganizationssuchasnursinghomes,insurancecompanies,andmedicalschools.Medicine,infact,hasbecomethesubjectofintensesociologicalinterestpreciselybecauseitisnowoneofthemostpervasiveandcostlyinstitutionsofmodernsociety.31.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueaccordingtoParagraph1A、Nowadaysmostpeoplebelievetheycanhavefairlygoodhealth.B、Humanlifeinvolvesagreatdealofpainandsuffering.C、Mostofusareawareofthefullvalueofhealth.D、Ancientpeoplebelievedthathealthwasmoreexpensivethananythingelse.第二部分非选择题,共50分IV.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答卷纸上。36.折叠v.f___37.电子的a.e_________38.出生率n.b________39.创造者n.f______40.授予判给v.a____41.共和国n.r_______42.舌头语言n.t_____43.腐朽,腐烂n.d____44.附加,隶属v.a____45.障碍n.b______46.警报n.a____47.喷,喷涂v.s____48.肯定的阳性的a.p_______49.促进提升v.p______50.经济节约n.e______51.推荐v.r________52.智力的精神的a.m_____53.天文学家n.a_________54.音乐家n.m_______55.给下定义v.d_____V.WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答卷纸上。56.Themanagertoldustobefriendlytothevisitorsasifwe自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)___________________meetthembefore.57.Robots,___________________becomeincreasinglyprevalentinfactoriesandindustrialplantsthroughoutthedevelopedworld,areprogrammedandengineeredtoperformindustrialtaskswithouthumanintervention.58.Theywereoftencompelled___________________worktwelveorfourteenhoursaday.59.Ithasbeenprovedthattheirbestideasseem___________________occurwhentheywererelaxing.60.Herbody,withhandsandfeet___________________bind,wasdiscoveredbyatravelerearlyinthemorning.61.Ifithadntbeenforyourhelp,we___________________beinrealtrouble.62.Thegreenestand___________________plentifulleavesaretheleavesofgrasseslivingallovertheworld.63.Alltheworriestheymighthavefeltforhim___________________driveoffbythesightofhischeerfulface.64.Anyone___________________wanttoliveinthenewcenturywillhavetoknowaboutthecomputer.65.Thecontinuingprofessionaleducationof___________________higheducatedadultswillbecomeathirdlevelinadditiontoundergraduateandprofessionalorgraduatework.VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeachitem将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答卷纸上。66.不用说,我们现在已不是生活在传统社会。67.有些星辰的密度density达到某一点就会爆炸。68.我们匆匆忙忙地赶回学校,生怕天会下雨。69.这个小伙子偷偷把一块表塞进口袋,没让老师看到。70.科学家正在研究为什么白日梦daydreaming会有益于人们的健康。VII.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答卷纸上。Americansareproudofthemedicalachievementsmadeinthiscountry.Medicalscientistshavefoundcuresandpreventionforsuchdiseasesaspolio小儿麻痹症andtuberculosis肺结核.Theyhavelearnedagreatdealaboutcancerandheartdisease.Manyliveshavebeensaved.Americanhospitalsarethemostmodernandbestequippedmedicalfacilitiesintheworld.Butthisdegreeofexcellencehasbeenexpensive.MedicalcostsintheUnitedStatesareveryhigh.ThereisnonationalhealthplanforAmericans.Buttherearemanyprogramsavailableforthispurpose.Manypeoplehavehealthplansatthecompanieswheretheywork.Undertheseplans,thecompanypaysafixedsumofmoneyregularlyintoafund.Thenwhentheemployeeneedsmedicalhelp,hecanusemoneyfromthefundtopayforit.Otherpeoplehavehealthinsurance.Eachmontytheypaymoneytoinsurancecompanieswhichthenpaytheirmedicalexpenses.Insomemedicalplans,theinsurancecompanyisalsothemedicalinstitution.Peoplepayregularlyand自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)directlytothehospital.Thenwhentheyneedmedicaltreatment,theygotothehospitalwithoutpayingmoremoney.以上资料由百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部杨尚杰为你精心编辑
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