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自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)一、从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。每小题1分,共10分1.Imwonderingwhyhehasntturned_____atthemeeting.A.downB.upC.outD.over2._____,Icouldntgetajobinthiscompany.A.TryasImightB.AsImighttryC.TrythoughImightD.Imighttry3.Itisawellknownfact______apersonwillmoveinacirclewhenhecannotusehiseyestocontrolhisdirection.A.thatB.ifC.whenD.whether4._____,Marywentoutwithdelight.A.WithherhomeworkdoingB.WithherhomeworkdoneC.HerhomeworkwasdoneD.Doneherhomework5.Contrary______popularbelief,moderateexerciseactuallydecreasesyourappetite.A.onB.atC.againstD.to6.______thestorm,wehavetopostponetheflight.A.OwingtoB.ThankstoC.BecauseD.As7.Byusingbothearsonecantellthedirection_____asoundcomes.A.inwhichB.fromwhichC.overwhichD.withwhich8.Whensheworkedwiththegovernment,she_____thedifficulttaskofmonitoringelections.A.overworkedB.overtookC.underwentD.undertook9.Apparently,itwasntanaccident.Someonemusthavedoneiton______.A.intentionB.determinationC.purposeD.reason10.Theyoungdoctorcouldnotsleepatnight,theworseningconditionofapatient_____him.A.disturbingB.disturbedC.beingdisturbedD.todisturb二、下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案每选项1分,共10分)Sometimespeoplefindreallywonderfulthingswhentheyarenotlooking11them.OneexamplewasJohnColter.Colterwasamountainmanwholived12intheRockyMountainsoftheUnitedStates.Helovedtowalkinthemountains,butonedayin1803hesawastrange13.Waterwasshootinghighintotheairand14intoagreenpool.Itwasanaturalwaterfountain.Colter自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)foundotherpoolsofbluewater.Someofthepoolswerehot.Thechemicalsinthewatermadeabeautifulcolor,15theyalsomadeitsmellbad.16therewerelarge,clearlakesandspectacularwaterfallsoncold,clearmountainrivers.Colterwasexcited,sohetold17abouttheplace.18,theotherpeopledidnotbelievehim.Theythoughtthathewasadreamer,afool.19theysawthesewonders,theytoowereexcited.TodaytheplaceColter20isknownasYellowstonePark.11.A.forwardB.forC.uponD.into12.A.alongB.aliveC.aloneD.lonely13.A.sightB.siteC.glimpseD.glance14.A.fallB.fallingC.tofallD.falls15.A.butB.andC.thusD.so16.A.NearlyB.NearC.NexttoD.Nearby17.A.theotherB.othersC.anotherD.eachother18.A.ThenB.HoweverC.ThereforeD.Consequently19.A.SinceB.BeforeC.AfterD.While20.A.initiatedB.inventedC.createdD.discovered三、从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。每选项2分,共30分PassageOneQuestion21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.AlbertEinsteinhadagreateffectonscienceandhistory.AnAmericanuniversitypresidentoncecommentedthatEinsteinhadcreatedanewoutlook,anewviewoftheuniverse.Itmaybesometimebeforetheaveragemindunderstandsfullytheidentity特性oftimeandspaceandsoonbutevenordinarymenunderstandnowthattheuniverseissomethinglargerthaneverthoughtbefore.By1914theyoungEinsteinhadgainedworldfame.HeacceptedtheoffertobecomeaprofessoratthePrussianAcademyofScienceinBerlin.Hehadfewduties,littleteachingandunlimitedopportunitiesforstudy,butsoonhispeaceandquietwerebrokenbytheFirstWorldWar.Einsteinhatedviolence.Themiseryofwaraffectedhimdeeply,andhesatunhappilyinhisofficedoinglittle.Helostinterestinhisresearch.Onlywhenpeacecamein1918washeabletogetbacktowork.IntheyearsfollowingtheFirstWorldWar,honorswereincreasinglyheapedonhim.HebecametheheadoftheKaiserWhilhemInstituteofTheoreticalPhysics.In1921hewontheNobelPrizeforPhysics,andhewashighlyhonoredinGermanyuntiltheriseofNazism纳粹主义whenhewasdrivenfromGermanybecausehewasaJew.21.Thefirstparagraphismainlyabout_____.A.anewoutlookoftheuniverseB.thefeelingsofanAmericancollegepresidentC.thechangeinhumanthoughtcausedbyEinsteinD.thedifficultyinteachingEinsteinstheory自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)22.Fromthesecondparagraph,weknowAlbertEinstein____.A.enjoyedworldpopularityB.wastheheadofanacademyC.wasafamousteacherD.enjoyedstudyingwars23.WhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutEinsteinistrueA.Heachievedmorethananyotherscientistsinhistory.B.Ourideasabouttheuniversedifferfromoneanotherbecauseofhim.C.Hekeptworkinguntilpeacecamein1918.D.HisresearchpracticallystoppedduringtheFirstWorldWar.24.IntheyearsfollowingtheFirstWorldWar,_____.A.EinsteinbegantobeacceptedevenbyordinarymenB.moreandmorehonorsweregrantedtoEinsteinC.EinsteinbecametheheadofthePrussianAcademyofScienceD.EinsteinwasnothonoredinGermanyuntiltheriseofNazism25.Itcanbeinferredfromthethirdparagraphthat_____.A.AlbertEinsteinwasinterestedinnothingbutscienceB.EinsteinwasforcedtoserveintheGermanarmyC.EinsteinmadealotmorebreakthroughsinhisresearchaftertheFirstWorldWarD.hisreputationwasruinedbecauseofNazismPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.CouldyouimagineyourparentschoosingyourhusbandorwifeforyouAndcanyouimaginenotsettingeyesonhimorheruntilyourweddingdayThissituationiscommoninIndia,theMiddleEastandmanypartsofAfrica.Marriagecustomsaroundtheworldoftendifferfromourown.Wedontrealizethatpeopleinotherplacesoftengetmarriedinverydifferentwaysandwithdifferentmotives.Inmanycountries,marriageisapracticalmatter.Amarriageprovidesasafeandstablehomeforthehusbandandwife.Italsojoinstwofamilies,whichbenefitsthecouplesparentsandmakesthemhappy.Marriagealsobringschildren,makingsurethecouplewillbetakencareofinoldage.Becauseamarriageisimportantforthewholefamily,someculturesdontletyoungpeoplechoosewhomtomarry.Justastherearemanydifferentreasonsformarriage,therearealsomanydifferentweddingrituals.Everyculturehasitsownwaysofbringinggoodlucktothehappycouple.InatypicalWesternwedding,thebrideseeksgoodluckbywearingsomethingold,somethingnew,somethingborrowedandsomethingblue.Somethingoldrepresentsthepast.Somethingnewrepresentssuccessinthefuture.Somethingborrowedremindsthebrideshecangethelpfromherfriendsandfamily.Andsomethingblueremindshertobetruetoherhusband.InPoland,oneweddingtraditionisnotonlylucky,butalsoverypractical.Thewedding自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)guestspinmoneytothebridesdresswhilesheisdancing.Themoneyismeanttobringkickandtohelptheyoungcouplebuildtheirnewlife.InBermuda,theyoungcoupleplantsatreeintheyardoftheirnewhome.Oncetheymovein,theytakegoodcareofthetreeandmakeitgrow.Theplantingofthetreeisagoodmetaphor比喻formarriage.Atrulygoodmarriageissomethingthatgrowswithcare.26.WhichofthefollowingstatementsDOESNOTsupporttheideathatmarriageisapracticalmatterA.Thecouplemayhaveasafeandstablehomethroughtheirmarriage.B.Theparentshadbetterhelptheirchildrenchoosewhomtomarry.C.Amarriagebenefitsthecouplesparentsandmakesthemhappy.D.Amarriagebringschildrenwhowilltakecareofthecouplewhentheyareold.27.Thewordritualspara.3,line2means_____.A.formsB.customsC.traditionsD.ceremonies28.InatypicalWesternwedding,thebridewearssomethingblueto________.A.seekgoodluckB.representthepastC.representsuccessinthefutureD.remindhertobetruetoherhusband29.Althoughculturesdifferindifferentcountries,onethingincommonwhenayoungcouplegetsmarriedisthat_____.A.peoplewishthemtotakecareofeachotherB.peoplewishthemtogetpracticalbenefitsfromthemarriageC.peoplewishthemtohavegoodluckintheirnewlifeD.peoplewishthemtomakemoneyattheweddingceremony30.WhichofthefollowingstatementsbestsummarizesthesubjectofthispassageA.Peopleacrosstheworldgetmarriedindifferentwaysandfordifferentreasons.B.Everyculturehasitsownwaysofbringinggoodlucktotheyoungcouple.C.Atrulygoodmarriageissomethingthatgrowswithcare.D.Inmanycountries,marriageisapracticalmatter.PassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.WhilepopularintheU.S.,theAprilFoolsDaytraditionisevenmoreprevalentinEuropeancountries,suchasFranceandGreatBritain.Althoughtherootsofthetraditionaltrickingareunclear,theFrenchandtheBritishbothhaveclaimsontheoriginofthecelebration.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)OnetheoryholdsthatthefirstAprilFoolsDaywasonApril1oftheyearwhenKingofFranceinstituted设立thenewcalendar.ThisnewsystemplacedthedaythathadformerlybeenthefirstdayofanewyearonApril1.ManypeoplewerereluctanttoadjusttothenewcalendarandcontinuedtocelebrateNewYearsDayonwhathadbecomethefirstdayofApril.Thus,theybecamethefirstAprilfools.AnEnglishstoryabouttheday,however,holdsthatitbegansometimeduringthe1200s.Atthetime,KingJohnofEnglandwasinthehabitofmakingaroadoutofnearlyeverypathhewalkedregularly.Thecitizensofoneparticularfarmvillagewereawareofthis.Toavoidhavingtheirgreenpastures牧场disturbedwithoneofkingsroads,theybuiltafencethatpreventedthekingfromwalkingthroughtheircountryside.Thekingsentagroupofmessengers信使toinformthevillagersthattheymustremovethebarrier.Uponhearingthatthekingwasplanningtodothis,however,thevillagersdevelopedaplanoftheirown.Whenthemessengersarrived,theyfoundwhatappearedtobeacommunityofmadpeople,withpeoplebehavinginastrangemanner,throwingthingsandrunningaroundwildly.Themessengers,alarmedatwhattheyfound,reportedtoKingJohnthatthesepeopleweresomadastobebeyondpunishment.So,thevillagerssavedtheirfarmlandbytrickingtheKing.InGreatBritain,traditiononlyallowsAprilFoolstricksfrommidnighttonoononApril1.Thosewhotrytoplaytricksintheafternoonbecomethefoolsthemselves.31.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothefirstparagraphA.AprilFoolsDayismorepopularintheU.S.B.AprilFoolsDayismorepopularinFranceandGreatBritain.C.NooneissurewherethetraditionofcelebratingAprilFoolsDayoriginated.D.ThecelebrationofAprilFoolsDayoriginatedfrombothFranceandGreatBritain.32.Accordingtothesecondparagraph,manypeoplecontinuedtocelebrateNewYearsDayonApril1,because_____.A.theyknewnothingaboutthenewcalendarB.theydidntwanttoacceptthenewcalendarC.theywantedtoreceivegiftsfromtheirfriendsD.theywantedtobecomethefirstAprilfools33.Thewordholdspara.3,line1means_____,A.supportsB.conductsC.containsD.believes34.ThethirdparagraphtellshowthecitizensofoneparticularfarmvillageinEnglandsavedtheirfarmlandby______.A.buildingafenceB.throwingthingstothemessengersC.trickingthekingD.lightingwiththemessengers自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)35.WhatisthemainideaofparagraphthreeA.HowthetraditionofcelebratingAprilFoolsDayoriginatedinGreatBritain.B.Howthecitizensofoneparticularfarmvillagesavedtheirlandfromtheking.C.KingJohnofEnglandwantedtomakearoadthroughoneparticularfarmvillage.D.InGreatBritain,traditionallowsAprilFoolstricksfrommidnighttonoon.四、将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个词的词类和第一个字母以及用短线表示的其余字母数,已给出。共20分36.分析v.a______37.简历摘要n.r_____38.私有的私立的a.p_______39.转移替换n./v.s____40.担保保证v.e_____41.追赶寻求v.p_____42.坦率地直率地ad.f______43.相当地公正地ad.f_____44.误导带错路v.m______45.主题主旋律n.t____46.网状物网络n.n______47.联合工会n.u____48.功能作用n.f_______49.雇佣使用v.e_____50.伤残的a.d______51.目标进球n.g___52.永恒地经常地ad.c_________自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)53.鼓舞v.i______54.无价值的无用的a.w________55.自由(权)n.l_______五、将括号内的各词变为适当的形式。(共10分)56.Itwasimperativethatstudents______finishtheirpapersbeforeJuly1st.57.Sofar,Irving____liveinNewYorkCityfortenyears.58.Thepatient_____sendtoanotherhospitalbeforewegotthere.59.The__________farawaywegetfromtheearth,thethinnertheairbecomes.60.Withapplesat25centsapound,wecouldntresist____takefourpounds.61.Coffeedelaysthebodyclockinthemorning,and_____advanceitatnight.62.When________givethechance,itisquitepossibleforhimtofulfillthetaskwithintendays.63.Illbeonlytoopleased____helpoutthosewhoareindifficulty.64.Televisionisanothermajorinstrumentofcommunication,____permitustoseeaswellastoheartheperformer.65.Itishightimethatwe_____takefirmmeasurestoprotectourenvironment.六、将下列各句翻译成英语。共15分)66.我工作了一整天,所以你来看我时,我很疲倦。67.高薪和福利都不能取悦工人们。68.我更喜欢住在乡村,因为那里空气污染不太严重。69.每个人都可以培养自己的兴趣。70.绝大多数医学上的重大进步都是建立在动物研究基础上的。七、将下列短文翻译成汉语。共15分Someanimalsthatcannotseecanstilltellthedifferencebetweenlightanddarkness,whileotherscanreacttochemicals,whichissomethinglikesmellingandtasting.However,theremaybeasensethatweknownothingabout,forotherwiseitisveryhardtoexplainhowbirds,animalsandeveninsectsandfishmanagetotravellongdistanceswithoutlosingtheirway.自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉俱乐部名称自考乐园俱乐部id5346389(请牢记它哦在百度贴吧的搜索框中输入俱乐部id,可以直接进入俱乐部)俱乐部url地址http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389(您也可以通过此url进入俱乐部。)Onlymancantellhiscompanionsexactlywhathewants,forhehasthewonderfulgiftofspeechbutmanyofthelargeranimalscanshowthattheyarehungryorfrightenedorpleasedbymakingsoundsthatwehavelearnedtorecognize,suchasaroar.Evenmanstillusesanimallikesoundswhenhelaughsorsighs.Someanimalscangetfurtherthanthesesimplenoises.Forinstance,abirdsongismuchmoreelaborate,forittellsothermalestokeepaway,whileatthesametimeinvitingafemaletocomecloser.Birdshaveothercallswhichwarnofdangerorhelptokeeptheflock鸟群together.Ofcourse,aparrotdoesnotunderstandwhatitissayingwhenitimitatesthehumanvoice.以上资料由百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部杨尚杰为你精心编辑
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