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2009年4月全国自考英语(二)真题.doc.doc2009年4月全国自考英语(二)真题.doc.doc -- 5 元

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2009年4月全国自考英语(二)真题一、VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeachitem)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.We______goouttorestaurants,butmostlyweeatathome.A.occasionallyB.relativelyC.continuallyD.absolutely答案A2.Thisisthefirsttimethatawomanhasbeen_____tothepost.A.grantedB.praisedC.pointedD.appointed答案D3.Ifpaymentisnotreceived,legalactionwillbeouronly_____.A.aggressionB.advantageC.alternativeD.ambition答案C4.Donttrusteverything______youhavereadinthenewspapers.A.whichB.thatC.asD.what答案B5.Theconclusionfromthestudyisnotdefiniteitisjust_____.A.tentativeB.validC.technicalD.thorough答案A6.She_____everythingelseandconcentratedonthetaskbeforeher.A.setoffB.setbackC.setasideD.setup答案C7.Whenyou_____knowBobbetter,youwilllikehim.A.gotoB.gottoC.wenttoD.getto答案D8.Ivegottheorderfromthebossthatthework______finishedbefore5p.m.today.A.wouldbeB.beC.willhavebeenD.couldbe答案B9.______Tomhasdonereallyamazedeveryoneinhisclass.A.WhatB.WhichC.ThatD.Who答案A10.Itisnotdecided_____theconferencewillbeheld.A.whatB.whichC.whenD.that答案C二、ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeachitem)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Weallbelievethatmoderntechnologycanmakelifebetterbecauseitmakeseverythingfaster.Butby11everythingup,wesufferlosseswehavenotyetlearnttoknow.Ourdaybeginswithspeedyurgesthealarmringsandyoujump12bed.Youtakeaquickshower.Thenyouwakethekidsand13themthroughbreakfastsotheywontmissthebus.Atthediningtable,youswallowsomeslicesofbreadwithacupoftea.Wheneverything14,youhurrytothecar,thinkingofthethingsyouwouldbuyfromthesupermarketontheway15.Driving20minutesinthebusytraffic,youreachyourworkplace,rushingintothebuildingand16upthestairsthreeatatime,arrivingatyourdeskwithsecondstospare.Youtake17deepbreaths.Then,youinstantlyrememberthatthe18youdidntfinishlastnightmustbefaxedtoBeijingby10oclockinthemorning.Yetitseemsthatthe19wego,thefurtherwefallbehind.Notonlyintheliteralsenseofnotgettingdonewhatwesetouttodo,20atadeeperlevel.IthascometothepointwheremydaysfeellikeanOlympicmarathon.1.答案三、ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeachitem)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Parentscanhaveagreatimpactonthedevelopmentoftheirchildrenscreativityinart.Butfirst,theyhavetoknowhow.Theymayfindthefollowingadviceinterestingandinstructive.Encouragefreedrawingratherthancoloringbooks.Coloringbooksstopthepossibilityofselfexpression.Achildmayjustenjoycolorfulpicturesandneverlearnhowtoexpresshimself.Asanartteachersays,Childrenhaveaverypowerfulinstincttodrawfreelyandroughly.Suchpracticemakesthemlearnlanguageeasily.Infact,achildexpresseshimselfinroughdrawing.Thisisthebeginningofliteracyandcreativity.Also,parentsshouldnotteachtheirkidshowtodrawandtheyshouldnotmaketheirkidsdrawrealisticpicturestoentertainthemselves.Experiencetellsusthatsuchteachingfromtheparentswilldiscouragechildren,makingthemthinktheycantdoittherightway.Competitionandrewardsshouldalsobeavoidedintheprocessofartisticcreation.Achildsnaturalinstincttocreatewilldisappearifheorshethinksaboutprizewhiledrawing.Parentsshouldberolemodelsfortheirkids.Theyshouldnotsaythingslike,Icantdrawastraightline.Instead,theyshouldlearntosay,Ilovetocreate.Thisteacheschildrenthattheprocessofcreationismoreimportantthantheproduct.Ifchildrenseetheirparentsdrawing,cookingorbuildingcreatively,theywilldothesame.Buyanotebookforyourchildtouseeveryday.Thiscanbeajournalformakingupstories,writingideasanddrawingpictures.Eventheyoungestchildcanuseittodrawfreelyandroughly,expressinghimself.Takeyourchildtoplacesthatpromoteideasandcreativity.Artmuseums,sciencecenters,librariesandchildrensmuseumsallaregreatplacestoseeotherpeoplescreativity.Thatwillinspirechildrentomaketheirowncreationsandinventions.Givechildrenchoicesandfreetime.Someofthebestideascomefromdaydreamingandimagining.Inshort,parentsshouldallowtheirkidstohavethefreedomtoinventforthemselves.Thatmeansnotalwaysteachingandcommanding.1.Todeveloptheirartisticcreativity,childrenshouldbeencouragedto______.A.drawfreelyandroughlyB.learntodrawrealisticpicturesC.knowhowtodrawbeforetheystartD.learntodrawgoodpicturestogetprizes答案A2.Parentsareencouragedtoberolemodelsfortheirkidsbecause.A.parentslovetocreateB.parentscandrawstraightlinesC.childrentendtofollowtheirparentsexamplesD.childrenliketheproductoftheirparentscreativity答案C3.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatinartisticcreation.A.productismoreimportantthanprocessB.processismoreimportantthanproductC.processandproductareequallyimportantD.bothprocessandproductareunimportant答案B4.Tobeinspiredbyotherpeoplescreativity,childrenshould.A.writeideasB.makeupstoriesC.buygoodnotebooksD.visitmuseums,libraries,andsciencecenters答案D5.Themainideaofthispassageisthat.A.childrenshouldbeencouragedtodrawfreelyB.childrenshouldfollowtheirparentsexamplesC.parentsshouldknowhowtocultivatetheirkidscreativityD.mostparentsteachtheirkidsconfidentlyandinstructively答案C2.Itisoftensaidthatpolitenesscostsnothing.Infact,itseemsthatalittlemorepolitenesscouldsavebusinesses£5billioneveryyear.Frequentlyhearingthephrasethankyouorwelldonemeansthesametostaffasamodestpayrise.Praiseandencouragementalsomakesemployeesmorelikelytoworkhardandstayintheirjobs.Inthiswaythebusinesscompaniescansavethecostoffindingnewemployees.Athirdof1,000workerssurveyedbyaconsultingfirmsaidtheydidnotgetthankedatallwhentheydidwellandafurtherthirdsaidtheywerenotthankedenough.Inbothcases,staffsaidtheyfeltundervalued,meaningtheywerelesslikelytoexertthemselvesandweremorelikelytolookforemploymentelsewhere.Theresultofthesurveyshowsthattherewouldbearound£52billionlossinproductivityiftheemployeesfeltlessappreciated.Accordingtothefirm,praisingstaffhasthesamepositiveeffectasa1percentpayriseandworksoutmuchcheaperforbosses.Threeoutoffouremployeessaidthatregularacknowledgementbytheirbosseswasimportanttothem,butonlyaquartersaidtheywereactuallygivenasmuchpraiseastheyfelttheyneeded.Thesurveyfoundthatthoseinbluecollarandmanualjobswerelesslikelytobegivenanyrecognitionfordoingwell.Butitseemsthattheymostneedsuchpraise.Inregionalterms,Scottishstafffeltmostundervalued.Fouroutoftenworkerssaidtheywereneverthankedandeightoutoftensaidtheywouldlikemorepraise.However,workersintheNorthEastarelessimpressedbybeingpraisedbytheboss,asonly69percentsaidtheyfelttheneedtobetoldwelldoneregularly.Olderemployeesandwomenneedthemostreassurance,accordingtopsychologistAverilLeimon.Shesaidthatwordsofpraisedidmorethancreatingapleasantplacetoworktheycouldevenpromoteprofits.1.Thesurveyindicatesthatpolitenesscouldsavebusinessesahugeamountofmoneyeveryyearbecause.A.politenessmakesemployeesexpectpayriseB.politenessislesslikelytomakestaffworkharderC.politenesshelpsemployersfindproperemployeesD.politenesshelpsemployersreducethecostofstaffemployment答案D2.Workersdoingwellbutnotgettingthanksfromtheirbosseswillprobably.A.leaveforjobselsewhereB.workhardertogetpraisefromtheirbossesC.exertthemselvesintheirworktogetpayriseD.workhardertogetencouragementfromtheirbosses答案A3.Accordingtothesurvey,oftheemployeesbelievedtheywerepraisedasmuchasexpected.A.25B.30C.40D.75答案A4.Thesurveyshowsthatthosewhodonotpaymuchattentiontopraiseare.A.stafffromScotlandB.workersinNorthEastC.olderandwomenemployeesD.olderandwomenemployees答案B5.Itcanbeconcludedfromthepassagethat.A.bluecollaremployeesareexpectingmorepayriseB.pleasantworkplacecouldpromotebusinessprofitsC.payriseisanimportantmotivationformanualworkersD.wordsofpraisecouldpossiblyincreasebusinessprofits答案D3.Acenturiesoldtradition,illustratedinamodernchildrensbook,linksthesweetnessofhoneywiththejoyoflearningtoread.Thegrandpaheldajarofhoneysothatallthefamilycouldsee.Hethendippedaspoonintoitandputsomehoneyonthecoverofasmallbook.Thelittlegirlhadjustturnedfive.Standup,littleone,heaskedthegirlsoftly.Ididthisforyourmother,youruncles,yourolderbrother,andnowyouThen,hehandedthebooktoher.TasteShetouchedthehoneywithherfingerandputitintohermouth.Whatsthattastethegrandpaasked.Thelittlegirlanswered,SweetThenallofthefamilysaidinasinglevoice,Yes,andsoisknowledge,butknowledgeisfromthebeethatmadethatsweethoney,youhavetogoafteritthroughthepagesofabookThelittlegirlknewthatthepromisetoreadwasatlasthers.Soonshewasgoingtolearntoread.ThisisthebeginningofaprofoundlymovingchildrensbookentitledThankYou,Mr.Falker.Inthisbook,PatriciaPolaccowritesofherownpassiontoread,inspiredbythehoneyonthebook.Itwasntuntilfifthgradethatshemetherbelovedteacherwhoprovidedthehlepthatsheneededtofinallyunlockthemagicofthewrittenword.Readingthisbook,weareinfactacquaintedwithsomeenduringtraditionsofchildeducationthatstresstheimportanceofverbalcapacityataveryearlyage.Thechildlearningtoreadisadmittedintoacollectivememorybywayofbooks.Andwiththeprintedwordsthatareactivewithmeaning,thechildbecomesacquaintedwithacommonpastwhichheorsherenews,toagreaterorlesserdegree,ineveryreading.MuchastheauthorofthebookThankYou,Mr.Falkerputsit,Almostasifitweremagic,orasiflightpouredintoherbrain,thewordsandsentencesstartedtotakeshapeonthepageastheyneverhadbeforeAndsheunderstoodthewholethingThenshewentintothelivingroomandfoundthebookonashelf,theverybookthathergrandpahadshownhersomanyyearsago.ShespoonedhoneyonthecoverandtastedthesweetnessThensheheldthebook,honeyandall,closetoherchest.Shecouldfeeltearsrolldownhercheeks,buttheywerenttearsofsadnessshewashappy,soveryhappy.1.Thegirlwhotastedthehoneyonthebookwas.A.nearlysixyearsoldB.lessthanfiveyearsoldC.morethansixyearsoldD.alittlemorethanfiveyearsold答案D2.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat.A.thegirlsmotherandunclesweregoodscholarsB.Mr.FalkerhelpedPatriciaPolaccowriteherbookforchildrenC.thehoneyonthebooktraditionhasbeenpractisedformanygenerationsD.thegirlwhotastedthehoneyonthebookwritesthebookThankYou,Mr.Falker答案C3.ThebookentitledThankYou,Mr.Falkerisabout.A.theearlylifeofMr.FalkerB.PolaccosearlyexperiencewithreadingC.themagicpowerofwrittenwordsonchildrenD.howthehoneyonthebookmakeschildrenfeelhappy答案B4.Themainpurposeofthispassageisto.A.introduceaprofoundlymovingchildrensbookB.tellthatchildrensverbalcapacityisveryimportantC.showthatwordsaremagicandtheymakechildrenhappyD.showhowthegirlwhotastedthehoneyonthebookgrewintoawriter答案A5.Thelastparagraphimpliesthatthehappinessofthelittlegirlcamefrom.A.thehoneyshetastedB.theabilitytoreadbooksC.thebookhergrandpahadshownherD.thecollectivememorythatacceptedher答案B四、WordForm(10points,1pointforeachitem)将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题卡上。1.Thiswasoneofthemost___fruitdebatesoftheconference.答案fruitful2.Noneoftheapplicantshasany___professionjobexperience.答案professional3.Mostcomputerusershaveneverreceivedanyformaltraining___consequence,theirskillsarelimited.答案consequently4.Ournewofficebuildingis___infinitebetterthantheoldone.答案infinitely5.Theiraimwasto___modernthehealthservice,andtheysucceeded.答案modernize6.Shefeltvery___weakenafterlongillness.答案weak7.Whentheplaystarted,thechildren___telltositdownquietly.答案weretold8.Weshouldtakea___globeviewofourbusiness.答案global9.Ittookheronlyfiveminutestoworkouta___solvetothedifficultproblem.答案solution10.Thedoctoradvisedhimtoeatagreat___variousoffood.答案variety【评分标准】语法错误或拼写错误均不给分。
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