2009年4月全国自考英语(二)真题.doc.doc2009年4月全国自考英语(二)真题.doc.doc

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2009年4月全国自考英语(二)真题一、VOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1WE______GOOUTTORESTAURANTS,BUTMOSTLYWEEATATHOMEAOCCASIONALLYBRELATIVELYCCONTINUALLYDABSOLUTELY答案A2THISISTHEFIRSTTIMETHATAWOMANHASBEEN_____TOTHEPOSTAGRANTEDBPRAISEDCPOINTEDDAPPOINTED答案D3IFPAYMENTISNOTRECEIVED,LEGALACTIONWILLBEOURONLY_____AAGGRESSIONBADVANTAGECALTERNATIVEDAMBITION答案C4DONTTRUSTEVERYTHING______YOUHAVEREADINTHENEWSPAPERSAWHICHBTHATCASDWHAT答案B5THECONCLUSIONFROMTHESTUDYISNOTDEFINITE;ITISJUST_____ATENTATIVEBVALIDCTECHNICALDTHOROUGH答案A6SHE_____EVERYTHINGELSEANDCONCENTRATEDONTHETASKBEFOREHERASETOFFBSETBACKCSETASIDEDSETUP答案C7WHENYOU_____KNOWBOBBETTER,YOUWILLLIKEHIMAGOTOBGOTTOCWENTTODGETTO答案D8IVEGOTTHEORDERFROMTHEBOSSTHATTHEWORK______FINISHEDBEFORE5PMTODAYAWOULDBEBBECWILLHAVEBEENDCOULDBE答案B9______TOMHASDONEREALLYAMAZEDEVERYONEINHISCLASSAWHATBWHICHCTHATDWHO答案A10ITISNOTDECIDED_____THECONFERENCEWILLBEHELDAWHATBWHICHCWHENDTHAT答案C二、CLOZETEST(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1WEALLBELIEVETHATMODERNTECHNOLOGYCANMAKELIFEBETTERBECAUSEITMAKESEVERYTHINGFASTERBUTBY11EVERYTHINGUP,WESUFFERLOSSESWEHAVENOTYETLEARNTTOKNOWOURDAYBEGINSWITHSPEEDYURGESTHEALARMRINGSANDYOUJUMP12BEDYOUTAKEAQUICKSHOWERTHENYOUWAKETHEKIDSAND13THEMTHROUGHBREAKFASTSOTHEYWONTMISSTHEBUSATTHEDININGTABLE,YOUSWALLOWSOMESLICESOFBREADWITHACUPOFTEAWHENEVERYTHING14,YOUHURRYTOTHECAR,THINKINGOFTHETHINGSYOUWOULDBUYFROMTHESUPERMARKETONTHEWAY15DRIVING20MINUTESINTHEBUSYTRAFFIC,YOUREACHYOURWORKPLACE,RUSHINGINTOTHEBUILDINGAND16UPTHESTAIRSTHREEATATIME,ARRIVINGATYOURDESKWITHSECONDSTOSPAREYOUTAKE17DEEPBREATHSTHEN,YOUINSTANTLYREMEMBERTHATTHE18YOUDIDNTFINISHLASTNIGHTMUSTBEFAXEDTOBEIJINGBY10OCLOCKINTHEMORNINGYETITSEEMSTHATTHE19WEGO,THEFURTHERWEFALLBEHINDNOTONLYINTHELITERALSENSEOFNOTGETTINGDONEWHATWESETOUTTODO,20ATADEEPERLEVELITHASCOMETOTHEPOINTWHEREMYDAYSFEELLIKEANOLYMPICMARATHON1答案三、READINGCOMPREHENSION(30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1PARENTSCANHAVEAGREATIMPACTONTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEIRCHILDRENSCREATIVITYINARTBUTFIRST,THEYHAVETOKNOWHOWTHEYMAYFINDTHEFOLLOWINGADVICEINTERESTINGANDINSTRUCTIVEENCOURAGEFREEDRAWINGRATHERTHANCOLORINGBOOKSCOLORINGBOOKSSTOPTHEPOSSIBILITYOFSELFEXPRESSIONACHILDMAYJUSTENJOYCOLORFULPICTURESANDNEVERLEARNHOWTOEXPRESSHIMSELFASANARTTEACHERSAYS,“CHILDRENHAVEAVERYPOWERFULINSTINCTTODRAWFREELYANDROUGHLYSUCHPRACTICEMAKESTHEMLEARNLANGUAGEEASILY”INFACT,ACHILDEXPRESSESHIMSELFINROUGHDRAWINGTHISISTHEBEGINNINGOFLITERACYANDCREATIVITYALSO,PARENTSSHOULDNOTTEACHTHEIRKIDS“HOW”TODRAWANDTHEYSHOULDNOTMAKETHEIRKIDSDRAWREALISTICPICTURESTOENTERTAINTHEMSELVESEXPERIENCETELLSUSTHATSUCHTEACHINGFROMTHEPARENTSWILLDISCOURAGECHILDREN,MAKINGTHEMTHINKTHEYCANTDOITTHE“RIGHT”WAYCOMPETITIONANDREWARDSSHOULDALSOBEAVOIDEDINTHEPROCESSOFARTISTICCREATIONACHILDSNATURALINSTINCTTOCREATEWILLDISAPPEARIFHEORSHETHINKSABOUTPRIZEWHILEDRAWINGPARENTSSHOULDBEROLEMODELSFORTHEIRKIDSTHEYSHOULDNOTSAYTHINGSLIKE,“ICANTDRAWASTRAIGHTLINE”INSTEAD,THEYSHOULDLEARNTOSAY,“ILOVETOCREATE”THISTEACHESCHILDRENTHATTHEPROCESSOFCREATIONISMOREIMPORTANTTHANTHEPRODUCTIFCHILDRENSEETHEIRPARENTSDRAWING,COOKINGORBUILDINGCREATIVELY,THEYWILLDOTHESAMEBUYANOTEBOOKFORYOURCHILDTOUSEEVERYDAYTHISCANBEAJOURNALFORMAKINGUPSTORIES,WRITINGIDEASANDDRAWINGPICTURESEVENTHEYOUNGESTCHILDCANUSEITTODRAWFREELYANDROUGHLY,EXPRESSINGHIMSELFTAKEYOURCHILDTOPLACESTHATPROMOTEIDEASANDCREATIVITYARTMUSEUMS,SCIENCECENTERS,LIBRARIESANDCHILDRENSMUSEUMSALLAREGREATPLACESTOSEEOTHERPEOPLESCREATIVITYTHATWILLINSPIRECHILDRENTOMAKETHEIROWNCREATIONSANDINVENTIONSGIVECHILDRENCHOICESANDFREETIMESOMEOFTHEBESTIDEASCOMEFROMDAYDREAMINGANDIMAGININGINSHORT,PARENTSSHOULDALLOWTHEIRKIDSTOHAVETHEFREEDOMTOINVENTFORTHEMSELVESTHATMEANSNOTALWAYSTEACHINGANDCOMMANDING1TODEVELOPTHEIRARTISTICCREATIVITY,CHILDRENSHOULDBEENCOURAGEDTO______ADRAWFREELYANDROUGHLYBLEARNTODRAWREALISTICPICTURESCKNOWHOWTODRAWBEFORETHEYSTARTDLEARNTODRAWGOODPICTURESTOGETPRIZES答案A2PARENTSAREENCOURAGEDTOBEROLEMODELSFORTHEIRKIDSBECAUSEAPARENTSLOVETOCREATEBPARENTSCANDRAWSTRAIGHTLINESCCHILDRENTENDTOFOLLOWTHEIRPARENTSEXAMPLESDCHILDRENLIKETHEPRODUCTOFTHEIRPARENTSCREATIVITY答案C3ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATINARTISTICCREATIONAPRODUCTISMOREIMPORTANTTHANPROCESSBPROCESSISMOREIMPORTANTTHANPRODUCTCPROCESSANDPRODUCTAREEQUALLYIMPORTANTDBOTHPROCESSANDPRODUCTAREUNIMPORTANT答案B4TOBEINSPIREDBYOTHERPEOPLESCREATIVITY,CHILDRENSHOULDAWRITEIDEASBMAKEUPSTORIESCBUYGOODNOTEBOOKSDVISITMUSEUMS,LIBRARIES,ANDSCIENCECENTERS答案D5THEMAINIDEAOFTHISPASSAGEISTHATACHILDRENSHOULDBEENCOURAGEDTODRAWFREELYBCHILDRENSHOULDFOLLOWTHEIRPARENTSEXAMPLESCPARENTSSHOULDKNOWHOWTOCULTIVATETHEIRKIDSCREATIVITYDMOSTPARENTSTEACHTHEIRKIDSCONFIDENTLYANDINSTRUCTIVELY答案C2ITISOFTENSAIDTHATPOLITENESSCOSTSNOTHINGINFACT,ITSEEMSTHATALITTLEMOREPOLITENESSCOULDSAVEBUSINESSES£5BILLIONEVERYYEARFREQUENTLYHEARINGTHEPHRASE“THANKYOU”OR“WELLDONE”MEANSTHESAMETOSTAFFASAMODESTPAYRISEPRAISEANDENCOURAGEMENTALSOMAKESEMPLOYEESMORELIKELYTOWORKHARDANDSTAYINTHEIRJOBSINTHISWAYTHEBUSINESSCOMPANIESCANSAVETHECOSTOFFINDINGNEWEMPLOYEESATHIRDOF1,000WORKERSSURVEYEDBYACONSULTINGFIRMSAIDTHEYDIDNOTGETTHANKEDATALLWHENTHEYDIDWELLANDAFURTHERTHIRDSAIDTHEYWERENOTTHANKEDENOUGHINBOTHCASES,STAFFSAIDTHEYFELTUNDERVALUED,MEANINGTHEYWERELESSLIKELYTOEXERTTHEMSELVESANDWEREMORELIKELYTOLOOKFOREMPLOYMENTELSEWHERETHERESULTOFTHESURVEYSHOWSTHATTHEREWOULDBEAROUND£52BILLIONLOSSINPRODUCTIVITYIFTHEEMPLOYEESFELTLESSAPPRECIATEDACCORDINGTOTHEFIRM,PRAISINGSTAFFHASTHESAMEPOSITIVEEFFECTASA1PERCENTPAYRISEANDWORKSOUTMUCHCHEAPERFORBOSSESTHREEOUTOFFOUREMPLOYEESSAIDTHATREGULARACKNOWLEDGEMENTBYTHEIRBOSSESWASIMPORTANTTOTHEM,BUTONLYAQUARTERSAIDTHEYWEREACTUALLYGIVENASMUCHPRAISEASTHEYFELTTHEYNEEDEDTHESURVEYFOUNDTHATTHOSEINBLUECOLLARANDMANUALJOBSWERELESSLIKELYTOBEGIVENANYRECOGNITIONFORDOINGWELLBUTITSEEMSTHATTHEYMOSTNEEDSUCHPRAISEINREGIONALTERMS,SCOTTISHSTAFFFELTMOSTUNDERVALUEDFOUROUTOFTENWORKERSSAIDTHEYWERENEVERTHANKEDANDEIGHTOUTOFTENSAIDTHEYWOULDLIKEMOREPRAISEHOWEVER,WORKERSINTHENORTHEASTARELESSIMPRESSEDBYBEINGPRAISEDBYTHEBOSS,ASONLY69PERCENTSAIDTHEYFELTTHENEEDTOBETOLD“WELLDONE”REGULARLYOLDEREMPLOYEESANDWOMENNEEDTHEMOSTREASSURANCE,ACCORDINGTOPSYCHOLOGISTAVERILLEIMONSHESAIDTHATWORDSOFPRAISEDIDMORETHANCREATINGAPLEASANTPLACETOWORKTHEYCOULDEVENPROMOTEPROFITS1THESURVEYINDICATESTHATPOLITENESSCOULDSAVEBUSINESSESAHUGEAMOUNTOFMONEYEVERYYEARBECAUSEAPOLITENESSMAKESEMPLOYEESEXPECTPAYRISEBPOLITENESSISLESSLIKELYTOMAKESTAFFWORKHARDERCPOLITENESSHELPSEMPLOYERSFINDPROPEREMPLOYEESDPOLITENESSHELPSEMPLOYERSREDUCETHECOSTOFSTAFFEMPLOYMENT答案D2WORKERSDOINGWELLBUTNOTGETTINGTHANKSFROMTHEIRBOSSESWILLPROBABLYALEAVEFORJOBSELSEWHEREBWORKHARDERTOGETPRAISEFROMTHEIRBOSSESCEXERTTHEMSELVESINTHEIRWORKTOGETPAYRISEDWORKHARDERTOGETENCOURAGEMENTFROMTHEIRBOSSES答案A3ACCORDINGTOTHESURVEY,OFTHEEMPLOYEESBELIEVEDTHEYWEREPRAISEDASMUCHASEXPECTEDA25B30C40D75答案A4THESURVEYSHOWSTHATTHOSEWHODONOTPAYMUCHATTENTIONTOPRAISEAREASTAFFFROMSCOTLANDBWORKERSINNORTHEASTCOLDERANDWOMENEMPLOYEESDOLDERANDWOMENEMPLOYEES答案B5ITCANBECONCLUDEDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATABLUECOLLAREMPLOYEESAREEXPECTINGMOREPAYRISEBPLEASANTWORKPLACECOULDPROMOTEBUSINESSPROFITSCPAYRISEISANIMPORTANTMOTIVATIONFORMANUALWORKERSDWORDSOFPRAISECOULDPOSSIBLYINCREASEBUSINESSPROFITS答案D3ACENTURIESOLDTRADITION,ILLUSTRATEDINAMODERNCHILDRENSBOOK,LINKSTHESWEETNESSOFHONEYWITHTHEJOYOFLEARNINGTOREAD“THEGRANDPAHELDAJAROFHONEYSOTHATALLTHEFAMILYCOULDSEEHETHENDIPPEDASPOONINTOITANDPUTSOMEHONEYONTHECOVEROFASMALLBOOKTHELITTLEGIRLHADJUSTTURNEDFIVE‘STANDUP,LITTLEONE,’HEASKEDTHEGIRLSOFTLY‘IDIDTHISFORYOURMOTHER,YOURUNCLES,YOUROLDERBROTHER,ANDNOWYOU’THEN,HEHANDEDTHEBOOKTOHER‘TASTE’SHETOUCHEDTHEHONEYWITHHERFINGERANDPUTITINTOHERMOUTH‘WHATSTHATTASTE’THEGRANDPAASKEDTHELITTLEGIRLANSWERED,‘SWEET’THENALLOFTHEFAMILYSAIDINASINGLEVOICE,‘YES,ANDSOISKNOWLEDGE,BUTKNOWLEDGEISFROMTHEBEETHATMADETHATSWEETHONEY,YOUHAVETOGOAFTERITTHROUGHTHEPAGESOFABOOK’THELITTLEGIRLKNEWTHATTHEPROMISETOREADWASATLASTHERSSOONSHEWASGOINGTOLEARNTOREAD”THISISTHEBEGINNINGOFAPROFOUNDLYMOVINGCHILDRENSBOOKENTITLEDTHANKYOU,MRFALKERINTHISBOOK,PATRICIAPOLACCOWRITESOFHEROWNPASSIONTOREAD,INSPIREDBYTHEHONEYONTHEBOOKITWASNTUNTILFIFTHGRADETHATSHEMETHERBELOVEDTEACHERWHOPROVIDEDTHEHLEPTHATSHENEEDEDTOFINALLYUNLOCKTHEMAGICOFTHEWRITTENWORDREADINGTHISBOOK,WEAREINFACTACQUAINTEDWITHSOMEENDURINGTRADITIONSOFCHILDEDUCATIONTHATSTRESSTHEIMPORTANCEOFVERBALCAPACITYATAVERYEARLYAGETHECHILDLEARNINGTOREADISADMITTEDINTOACOLLECTIVEMEMORYBYWAYOFBOOKSANDWITHTHEPRINTEDWORDSTHATAREACTIVEWITHMEANING,THECHILDBECOMESACQUAINTEDWITHACOMMONPASTWHICHHEORSHERENEWS,TOAGREATERORLESSERDEGREE,INEVERYREADINGMUCHASTHEAUTHOROFTHEBOOKTHANKYOU,MRFALKERPUTSIT,“ALMOSTASIFITWEREMAGIC,ORASIFLIGHTPOUREDINTOHERBRAIN,THEWORDSANDSENTENCESSTARTEDTOTAKESHAPEONTHEPAGEASTHEYNEVERHADBEFOREANDSHEUNDERSTOODTHEWHOLETHINGTHENSHEWENTINTOTHELIVINGROOMANDFOUNDTHEBOOKONASHELF,THEVERYBOOKTHATHERGRANDPAHADSHOWNHERSOMANYYEARSAGOSHESPOONEDHONEYONTHECOVERANDTASTEDTHESWEETNESSTHENSHEHELDTHEBOOK,HONEYANDALL,CLOSETOHERCHESTSHECOULDFEELTEARSROLLDOWNHERCHEEKS,BUTTHEYWERENTTEARSOFSADNESSSHEWASHAPPY,SOVERYHAPPY”1THEGIRLWHOTASTEDTHEHONEYONTHEBOOKWASANEARLYSIXYEARSOLDBLESSTHANFIVEYEARSOLDCMORETHANSIXYEARSOLDDALITTLEMORETHANFIVEYEARSOLD答案D2ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHATATHEGIRLSMOTHERANDUNCLESWEREGOODSCHOLARSBMRFALKERHELPEDPATRICIAPOLACCOWRITEHERBOOKFORCHILDRENCTHEHONEYONTHEBOOKTRADITIONHASBEENPRACTISEDFORMANYGENERATIONSDTHEGIRLWHOTASTEDTHEHONEYONTHEBOOKWRITESTHEBOOKTHANKYOU,MRFALKER答案C3THEBOOKENTITLEDTHANKYOU,MRFALKERISABOUTATHEEARLYLIFEOFMRFALKERBPOLACCOSEARLYEXPERIENCEWITHREADINGCTHEMAGICPOWEROFWRITTENWORDSONCHILDRENDHOWTHEHONEYONTHEBOOKMAKESCHILDRENFEELHAPPY答案B4THEMAINPURPOSEOFTHISPASSAGEISTOAINTRODUCEA“PROFOUNDLYMOVING”CHILDRENSBOOKBTELLTHATCHILDRENSVERBALCAPACITYISVERYIMPORTANTCSHOWTHATWORDSAREMAGICANDTHEYMAKECHILDRENHAPPYDSHOWHOWTHEGIRLWHOTASTEDTHEHONEYONTHEBOOKGREWINTOAWRITER答案A5THELASTPARAGRAPHIMPLIESTHATTHEHAPPINESSOFTHELITTLEGIRLCAMEFROMATHEHONEYSHETASTEDBTHEABILITYTOREADBOOKSCTHEBOOKHERGRANDPAHADSHOWNHERDTHECOLLECTIVEMEMORYTHATACCEPTEDHER答案B四、WORDFORM(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题卡上。1THISWASONEOFTHEMOST___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