2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(二)及答案.doc.doc2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(二)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷二一、VOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1THECOMPOSITIONISWELLWRITTEN______AFEWSPELLINGERRORSAEXCEPTBBUTCWITHOUTDEXCEPTFOR答案D2ALIFE______WITHOUTFANTASYANDDAYDREAMINGISASERIOUSLYIMPOVERISHEDONEALIVEBLIVEDCLIVINGDLIVELY答案B3THEIMPORTANCEPEOPLEATTACHTO______HOLIDAYSANDTHERAPIDDEVELOPMENTOFSERVICESFORMASSENTERTAINMENTANDRECREATIONARESIGNSOFTHISINCREASINGCONCERNAPAYINGBPAIDCPAYSDHAVINGPAID答案B4ITIS______THISDIVISIONTHATAPARTHEIDRESTSAONBWITHCFORDTO答案A5THEREISAGROWINGBODYOFEVIDENCETOSUPPORTTHEFACTTHATMOSTPEOPLESUFFERFROMALACKOFDAYDREAMING______ANEXCESSOFITAOTHERTHANBRATHERTHANCINPLACEOFDINSTEAD答案B6THEREISTHEAPPARENT______THATTHEEFFECTIVECAUSEOFTHEHIGHPROPORTIONOFTHEOLDISBIRTHSRATHERTHANDEATHSAPARABLEBPARADECPARADISEDPARADOX答案D7WHENIT______TOTHELATESTRESEARCHESINTOHEARTDISEASE,IHAVEN’TTHESLIGHTESTIDEAATALKSBSPEAKSCTELLSDCOMES答案D8ITISVERY______OFYOUTOSENDMEABIRTHDAYCARDACONSIDERATEBCONSIDERATIONCCONSIDERABLEDCONSIDERABLY答案A9EINSTEIN______THATMATTERANDENERGYAREINTERCHANGEABLEABLAMEDBFLAMEDCCLAIMEDDBLOOMED答案C10ABLACKHOLE_____ASTRONGGRAVITATIONALPULLANDYETITHASNOMATTERAEXTENDSBEXERTSCEXPORTSDEXPOSES答案B解析BEXTEND延长,延伸EXERT产生,发挥EXPORT出口EXPOSE暴露,揭露。二、CLOZETEST(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1MOSTYOUNGPEOPLEENJOYSOMEFORMOFPHYSICALACTIVITYITMAYBEWALKING,BICYCLING,ORSWIMMING,ORINWINTER,SKATINGORSKIINGITMAYBEAGAMEOFSOME1FOOTBALL,HOCKEY,GOLFORTENNISITMAYBEMOUNTAINEERINGTHOSEWHOHAVEAPASSIONFORCLIMBINGHIGHANDDIFFICULTMOUNTAINSAREOFTEN2WITHASTONISHMENTWHYAREMENANDWOMENWILLINGTOSUFFERCOLDANDHARDSHIP,ANDTOTAKERISKSONHIGHMOUNTAINSTHISASTONISHMENTISCAUSED,3,BYTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENMOUNTAINEERINGANDOTHERFORMSOFACTIVITYTOWHICHMENGIVETHEIRLEISUREMOUNTAINEERINGISASPORTAND4AGAMETHEREARENOMANMADERULES,ASTHEREAREFORSUCHGAMESASGOLFANDFOOTBALLTHERE,5,RULESOFADIFFERENTKINDWHICHITWOULDBEDANGEROUSTOIGNORE,BUTITISTHISFREEDOMFROMMANMADERULESTHATMAKESMOUNTAINEERING6TOMANYPEOPLETHOSEWHOCLIMBMOUNTAINSAREFREETOUSETHEIROWNMETHODSIFWECOMPAREMOUNTAINEERINGANDOTHERMORE7SPORTS,WEMIGHTTHINKTHATONEBIGDIFFERENCEISTHATMOUNTAINEERINGISNOTA“TEAMGAME”WESHOULDBEMISTAKEN8THISTHEREARE,ITISTRUE,NO“MATCHES”BETWEEN“TEAM”OFCLIMBERS,BUTWHENCLIMBERSAREONAROCKFACELINKEDBYAROPEONWHICHTHEIRLIVESMAYDEPEND,THEREIS9TEAMWORKTHEMOUNTAINCLIMBERKNOWSTHATHEMAYHAVETOFIGHTFORCESTHATARESTRONGERANDMOREPOWERFULTHANMANHEHASTOFIGHTTHEFORCESOF10HISSPORTREQUIRESHIGHMENTALANDPHYSICALQUALITIES1APARTBSORTSCSPORTDKIND答案D2ADEALTBLOOKEDUPONCCOPEDDDISGUSTED答案B3APROBABLYBPRECISELYCLOGICALLYDSTRONGLY答案A4ABUTBNOTCALSODIS答案B5AFOREXAMPLEBPERHAPSCTHENDOFCOURSE答案D6ALUXURIOUSBPAINFULCATTRACTIVEDNOTICEABLE答案C7AFAMILIARBSIMILARCREGULARDTHIRTY答案A8ABYBINCFROMDAGAINST答案B9AOBVIOUSLYBBASICALLYCALREADYDCONVERSELY答案A10AMOUNTAINBWINDCNATUREDSNOW答案C9三、READINGCOMPREHENSION(30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1OBSERVETHEDILEMMAOFTHEFUNGUS真菌ITISAPLANT,BUTITPOSSESSESNOCHLOROPHYLL叶绿素WHILEALLOTHERPLANTSPUTTHESUN’SENERGYTOWORKFORTHEMCOMBININGTHENUTRIENTSOFGROUNDANDAIRINTOBODYSTRUCTURE,THECHLOROPHYLLESSFUNGUSMUSTLOOKELSEWHEREFORANENERGYSUPPLYITFINDSITINTHOSEOTHERPLANTSWHICH,HAVINGRECEIVEDTHEIRSFREEFROMTHESUN,RELINQUISHITATSOMEPOINTINTHEIRCIRCLEEITHERTOOTHERANIMALSORTOFUNGIINTHISSEARCHFORENERGYTHEFUNGUSHASBECOMETHEEARTH’SMAJORSOURCEOFROTANDDECAYWHEREVERYOUSEEMOLDFORMINGONAPIECEOFBREAD,ORAPILEOFLEAVESTURNINGTOCOMPOST堆肥,ORABLOWNDOWNTREEBECOMINGPULPONTHEGROUND,YOUAREWATCHINGAFUNGUSEATINGWITHOUTFUNGUSACTIONTHEEARTHWOULDBEPILEDHIGHWITHTHEDEADPLANTLIFEOFPASTCENTURIESINFACTCERTAINPLANTSWHICHCONTAINRESINS树脂,松香THATARETOXICTOFUNGIWILLLASTINDEFINITELY;SPECIMENSOFTHEREDWOOD,FORINSTANCECANSTILLBEFOUNDRESTINGONTHEFORESTFLOORCENTURIESAFTERHAVINGBEENBLOWNDOWN1THETITLEBELOWTHATBESTEXPRESSESTHEIDEASOFTHISPASSAGEIS_______ALIFEWITHOUTCHLOROPHYLLBTHESTRANGEWORLDOFTHEFUNGUSCTHEHARMFULQUALITIESOFFUNGIDUTILIZATIONOFTHESUN’SENERGY答案A2THESTATEMENT“YOUAREWATCHINGAFUNGUSEATING”ISBESTDESCRIBEDAS_______AFIGURATIVEBIRONICALCJOKINGDCONTRADICTORY答案A3THEAUTHORIMPLIESTHATFUNGI_______AARERESPONSIBLEFORALLTHEWORLD’SROTANDDECAYBCANNOTLIVECOMPLETELYAPARTFROMOTHERPLANTSCAREPOISONOUSTORESINPRODUCINGPLANTSDCANSURVIVEINDEFINITELYUNDERFAVORABLECONDITIONS答案B4THEAUTHORUSESTHEWORDDILEMMAINTHEFIRSTSENTENCETOINDICATETHAT_______ATHEFUNGUSISBOTHHELPFULANDHARMFULINITSEFFECTSBFUNGIARENOTREALLYPLANTSCTHEFUNCTIONOFCHLOROPHYLLISAPUZZLETOSCIENTISTSDTHEFUNGUSSEEMSTOHAVEITSOWNBIOLOGICALLAWS答案B5WHICHWORDBESTDESCRIBESTHEFUNGUSASDEPICTEDINTHEPASSAGEADILIGENTBENIGMATIC莫名其妙的CPARASITIC寄生的DSLOTHFUL懒散的答案C2INTHEPASTTWOYEARS,MILLIONSOFAMERICANSHAVESUDDENLYTAKENANINTERESTINTHEBICYCLEASIFITWEREASTARTLINGNEWINVENTIONANNUALBIKESALESDOUBLEDBETWEEN1960AND1970,ANDTHEREARENEARLY70MILLIONBIKESINTHEUNITEDSTATESTODAYTHAT’SMORETHANTWOFOREVERYTHREEAUTOMOBILESOFCOURSE,THEBIKEHASBEENAROUNDFORMORETHAN150YEARS,ANDTHISIS‘TAMERICA’SFIRSTBICYCLEBOOM(兴旺)AWAVEOFBIKEENTHUSIASMSWEPTTHELANDINTHELATE1800SANDBICYCLEPRODUCTIONHITTWOMILLIONUNITSIN1897THENWITHTHECOMINGOFTHEAUTO,BICYCLINGDECLINED,ANDFORDECADESREMAINEDPOPULARONLYWITHCHILDRENANDAFEWADULTSNOW,NATIONALCONCERNWITHAIRPOLLUTIONANDPHYSICALFITNESSHASBROUGHTTHEBIKEBACKTOTHEFOREFRONTPARTICULARLYWITHADULTSMORETHANEIGHTMILLIONBIKESWERESOLDINTHEUNITEDSTATESLASTYEARANDATHIRDOFTHEMWENTTOADULTSTHEYEARBEFORE,ONLY15PERCENTOFNEWBIKESALESWEREFORADULTS1INTHEUNITEDSTATES,THEBICYCLEIS_______ABECOMINGPOPULARAGAINBCREATINGTRAFFICPROBLEMSCPOPULARCHIEFLYWITHCHILDRENDREPLACINGTHEFAMILYCAR答案A2ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,THEREARE_______AMOREBICYCLESTHANAUTOMOBILESINTHEUNITEDSTATESBMOREAUTOMOBILESTHANBICYCLESINTHEUNITEDSTATESCASMANYBICYCLESASAUTOMOBILESINTHEUNITEDSTATESDFEWERAUTOMOBILESTHANBICYCLESINTHEUNITEDSTATES答案B3WECANINFERFROMTHEPASSAGETHATAMERICANSARE______AQUICKTOFOLLOWTHEEXAMPLEOFOTHERSBINTERESTEDINCOMFORTANDLUXURYCCONCERNEDWITHTHEQUALITYOFTHEIRLIVESDEASYTOACCEPTNEWTHINGS答案C4WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE_____AMOREANDMOREADULTSAREBEGINNINGTOACCEPTBICYCLEBTHEBICYCLEHASBEENEXISTINGFORMORETHAN150YEARSCTHEAUTOMOBILEONCEAFFECTEDBICYCLEPRODUCTIONDAMERICANSHAVEFOUNDTHEBICYCLEABETTERMEANSOFTRANSPORTATION答案D5ITCANBECONCLUDEDTHATIFPEOPLECONTINUETOCONCERNTHEMSELVESWITHAIRPOLLUTIONANDPHYSICALFITNESS______ASTRICTERAIRSTANDARDWILLBEENFORCEDBFEWERAUTOMOBILESWILLBESOLDCAMERICANSWILLENJOYBETTERHEALTHDBICYCLESALESWILLCONTINUETORISE答案C3STUDENTSWHOSCOREHIGHINACHIEVEMENTNEEDSTENDTOMAKEHIGHERGRADESINCOLLEGETHANTHOSEWHOSCORELOWWHENDEGREEAPTITUDEFORCOLLEGEWORK,ASINDICATEDBYCOLLEGEENTRANCEEXAMINATIONBOARDTESTS,ISCONSTANT,ENGINEERINGSTUDENTSWHOSCOREHIGHINACHIEVEMENTNEEDSTENDTOMAKEHIGHERGRADESINCOLLEGETHANTHEAPTITUDETESTSCORESWOULDINDICATEWECANDEFINETHISNEEDASTHEHABITUALDESIRETODOUSEFULWORKWELLITISASALIENTINFLUENCECHARACTERISTICOFTHOSEWHONEEDLITTLESUPERVISIONTHEIRDESIREFORACCOMPLISHMENTISASTRONGERMOTIVATIONTHANANYSTIMULATIONTHESUPERVISIONCANPROVIDEINDIVIDUALSWHOFUNCTIONINTERMSOFTHISDRIVEDONOT“BLUFF”INREGARDTOAJOBTHATTHEYFAILTODOWELLSOMEEMPLOYEESHAVEASTRONGDRIVEFORSUCCESSINTHEIRWORK;OTHERSARESATISFIEDWHENTHEYMAKEALIVINGTHOSEWHOWANTTOFEELTHATTHEYARESUCCESSESHAVEHIGHASPIRATIONFORTHEMSELVESTHOUGHTSCONCERNINGTHEACHIEVEMENTDRIVEAREOFTENPROMINENTINTHEEVALUATIONSMADEBYTHETYPICALEMPLOYMENTINTERVIEWERWHOINTERVIEWSCOLLEGESENIORSFOREXECUTIVETRAININGHEWANTSTOFINDOUTWHETHERTHESENIORHASASTRONGDRIVETOGETAHEADORMERELYTOHOLDAJOBRESEARCHINDICATESTHATSOMEWHODOGETAHEADHAVEANEVENSTRONGERDRIVETOAVOIDFAILURE1WHATISTHEMAINSUBJECTOFTHISPASSAGEASTUDENTGRADESINCOLLEGEBINDIVIDUALMOTIVATIONFORWORKCTHEACHIEVEMENTNEEDSOFENGINEERINGSTUDENTSDSUCCESSFULINTERVIEWTECHNIQUES答案B2WHATISINTERESTINGABOUTENGINEERINGSTUDENTSWHOSCOREHIGHINACHIEVEMENTNEEDSATHEIRGRADESTENDTOBEHIGHERTHANTHOSEOFOTHERSTUDENTSBTHEIRCOLLEGEGRADESAREOFTENUNUSUALLYGOODCTHEYSHOWAHIGHAPTITUDEFORCOLLEGEWORKDTHEYALSOACHIEVEHIGHSCORESINTHECOLLEGEENTRANCEEXAMINATIONBOARDTESTS答案A3ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,INDIVIDUALSWITHASTRONGDRIVETOSUCCEED_______AACCEPTRESPONSIBILITYFORTHEMSELVESBBLAMEOTHERSIFTHEYFAILCAREMOTIVATEDBYSTIMULATIONFROMASUPERVISORDPRETENDEDTHEYHAVEN’TFAILEDWHENTHEYHAVE答案A4WHATQUALITYDOEMPLOYMENTINTERVIEWERSLOOKFORINCOLLEGESENIORSFOREXECUTIVETRAININGAABILITYTOHOLDDOWNAJOBBHIGHACHIEVEMENTNEEDSCCAPACITYTOWORKHARDDCONSTANTAPTITUDEFORWORK答案B5WHATMOTIVATESSOMESENIORSTOSUCCEEDATHEYAREAFRAIDOFFAILINGBTHEYLIKELIVINGWELLCTHEYWANTTOBECOMEEXECUTIVESDTHEYWISHTODORESEARCHWORK答案A四、WORDSPELLING20POINTS,05POINTFORTWOWORDS将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1天文学家NA答案ASTRONOMER2最小的;最少的AM答案MINIMUM3误导的;引起误解的AM答案MISLEADING4完成VA答案ACCOMPLISH5放松;休养NR答案RELAXATION6无责任感的;不负责的AI答案IRRESPONSIBLE7谈判;协商NN答案NEGOTIATION8保守的;守旧的AC答案CONSERVATIVE9文明的;开化的AC答案CIVILIZED10冲击;影响NI答案IMPACT11毒性NT答案TOXICITY12例外的;异常的AE答案EXCEPTIONAL13软管;电子管;地铁NT答案TUBE14幸运地;幸亏ADF答案FORTUNATELY
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