2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(四)及答案.doc.doc2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(四)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷四一、VOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1SINCETHEBOSSESCANNOTDO______PROFIT,WORKERSHAVEANEDGEAWITHBFORCBUTDWITHOUT答案D2______THECONTRARY,THERAPIDGROWTHINENROLLMENTOVERTHELAST40YEARSHASCOMETOANENDATOBBYCINDON答案D3THEDEGREETOWHICHANDTHEWAYSINWHICHASCHOOLENCOURAGESPARTICIPATIONINGAMES,SPORTSANDCULTURALPURSUITSARELIKELYTOCONTRIBUTETOTHESHAPINGOFLEISUREATTITUDES______THEPARTOFTHESTUDENTSABYBINCWITHDON答案D4WHATDEVELOPEDWASAMUSICREADILY______VARIOUSFORMSANDCAPABLEOFANALMOSTLIMITLESSRANGEOFEXPRESSIONATAKINGINBTAKINGONCTAKINGOFFDTAKINGTO答案B5THEHORMONECORTISOL,WHICHCONTROLSSALTANDWATEREXCRETION,ISMADEINTHEMORNING,______THEBODYISAWHEREBNOWHERECEVERYWHEREDWHEREVER答案D6THEREISTHEAPPARENTPARADOXTHATTHEEFFECTIVECAUSEOFTHEHIGHPROPORTIONOFTHEOLDISBIRTHS______DEATHSAMORETHANBTHANCOTHERTHANDRATHERTHAN答案D7OURSPACEANDTIMELAWSDON’T_____TOOBJECTSINTHEAREAOFABLACKHOLEASUPPLYBAPPLYCDEPLOYDEMPLOY答案B8HISDOGISCHAINEDINTHEDAYTIME,BUTIS_______ATNIGHTAATLARGEBSOLARGECVERYLARGEDINLARGE答案A9ITWASTHERE,POLICEBELIEVE,______WEINSTEINWASABLETOACTIVATETHERECORDERSHEKEPTINHERBAGABWHICHCWHEREDTHAT答案D10THEYCANNOTGOTOTHETHEATRETOGETHERBECAUSEHISFREETIMENEVER______WITHHERSACOOPERATEBCORPORATECCOINCIDEDCOINCIDENT答案C二、CLOZETEST(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1ASTHEPLANECIRCLEDOVERTHEAIRPORT,EVERYONESENSEDTHATSOMETHINGWASWRONGTHEPLANEWASMOVINGUNSTEADILYTHROUGHTHEAIR,ANDALTHOUGHTHEPASSENGERSHAD1THEIRSEATBELTS,THEYWERESUDDENLY2FORWARDATTHATMOMENT,THEAIRHOSTESSAPPEAREDSHELOOKEDVERYPALE,BUTWASQUITECALM3QUICKLYBUTALMOSTINAWHISPER,SHEINFORMEDEVERYONETHATTHEPILOTHADFAINTEDANDASKED4ANYOFTHEPASSENGERSKNEWANYTHINGABOUTMACHINESORATLEASTHOWTODRIVEACAR5AMOMENT’SHESITATION,AMANGOTUPANDFOLLOWEDTHESTEWARDESS空中小姐INTOTHEPILOT’SCABINMOVINGTHEPILOTASIDE,THEMANTOOK6ANDLISTENEDCAREFULLYTOTHEURGENTINSTRUCTIONSTHATWEREBEINGSENTBYRADIOFROMTHEAIRPORT7THEPLANEWASNOWDANGEROUSLYCLOSETOTHEGROUND,BUTTOEVERYONE’SRELIEF,ITSOONBEGANTOCLIMBTHEMAN8CIRCLETHEAIRPORTSEVERALTIMESINORDERTOBECOMEFAMILIARWITHTHECONTROLSFOLLOWINGINSTRUCTIONS,THEMANGUIDEDPLANETOWARDSTHEAIRFIELDITSHOOK9ASITTOUCHEDTHEGROUNDANDTHENMOVEDRAPIDLYACROSSTHEFIELD,BUTAFTERALONGRUNITSTOPPEDSAFELYOUTSIDE,ACROWDOFPEOPLEWHO10ANXIOUSLY,RUSHEDFORWARDTOCONGRATULATETHE“PILOT”ONAPERFECTLANDING1AINSTALLEDBFASTENEDCCONNECTEDDHELD答案B2ASTRUCKBPULLEDCTHROWNDFALLING答案C3ASPEAKINGBBREATHINGCWALKINGDSHOUTING答案A4ASUPPOSEBIFCWASTHEREDPERHAPS答案B5AAFTERBTAKINGCFORDIN答案A6APLACEBFLIGHTCOFFDHISSEAT答案D7AUNDERBDOWNCBELOWDAHEAD答案C8AMUSTBHADTOCUSEDTODNEEDED答案9ATHEMOMENTBSTEADILYCHEAVILYDVIOLENTLY答案D10AWEREWATCHINGBHADWATCHEDCWASWATCHINGDHADBEENWATCHING答案D三、READINGCOMPREHENSION(30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1RECENTLYTHEDEPARTMENTOFPLANNINGOFNEWYORKISSUEDAREPORTWHICHLAIDBAREAFULLSCALEOFCHANGEOFTHECITYIN1970,18PERCENTOFTHECITY’SPOPULATIONWASFOREIGNBORNBY1995,THEFIGUREHADRISENTO33PERCENT,ANDANOTHER20PERCENTWERETHEUSBORNOFFSPRINGSOFIMMIGRANTSSOIMMIGRANTSANDTHEIRCHILDRENNOWFORMAMAJORITYOFTHECITY’SPOPULATIONWHOARETHESENEWYORKERSWHYDOTHEYCOMEHEREWHEREARETHEYFROMOK,TIMETODROPTHE“THEY”I’MONEOFTHEMTHELASTQUESTIONATLEASTISEASYTOANSWERWECOMEFROMEVERYWHEREINTHELISTOFTHETOP20SOURCENATIONSOFTHOSESENDINGIMMIGRANTSTONEWYORKBETWEEN1990AND1994ARESIXCOUNTRIESINASIA,FIVEINTHECARIBBEAN,FOURINLATINAMERICA,THREEINEUROPE,PLUSISRAELANDTHEFORMERSOVEITUNIONANDWHENWEIMMIGRANTSGETHEREWEROLLUPOURSLEEVES“IFYOUARENOTREADYTOWORKWHENYOUGETTONEWYORK,”SAYSAFRIENDOFMONE,“YOU’DBETTERHITTHEROAD”THEMAYOROFNEWYORKONCESAID,“IMMIGRANTIONCONTINUESTOSHAPETHEUNIQUECHARTERANDDRIVETHEECONOMICENGINEOFNEWYORKCITY”HEBELIEVESTHATIMMIGRANTSAREATTHEHEARTOFWHATMAKESNEWYORKGREATINEUROPE,BYCONTRAST,ITISMUCHMORECOMMONTOHEARPOLITICIANSWORRYABOUTTHELOSSOF“UNITY”THATIMMIGRATIONBRINGSTOTHEIRSOCIETIESINTHEQUARTERCENTURYSINCE1970,THEUNITEDSTATESADMITTEDABOUT125MILLIONLEGALIMMIGRANTS,ANDHASABSORBEDTHEMINTOITSSOCIALSTRUCTURESWITHANEASEBEYONDTHEIMMAGINATIONOFOTHERNATIONSSINCETHESEIMMIGRANTSAREPURPOSEFULANDHARDWORKING,THEYWILLHELPAMERICATOMAKEAFRESHSTARTINTHENEXTCENTURY1THEREPORTISSUEDBYTHEDEPARTMENTOFPLANNINGOFNEWYORK_______APUTFORWARDWAYSTOCONTROLNEWYORK’SPOPULATIONBCONCERNEDITSELFWITHTHEGROWTHOFNEWYORK’SPOPULATIONCSTUDIEDTHESTRUCTUREOFNEWYORK’SPOPULATIONDSUGGESTEDWAYSTOINCRENSENEWYORK’SPOPULATION答案C2ACCORDINGTOTHESECONDPARAGRAPH,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISTRUEOFTHEIMMIGRANTSINNEWYORK_____AONECANNOTFINDHISPLACEINNEWYORKUNLESSHEISREADYTOWORKBTHEYFOUNDLIFEINNEWYORKHARDERTHANINTHEIROWNCOUNTRIESCMOSTOFTHEMHAVEDIFFICULTYFINDINGJOBSDONECANLIVEONWELFAREIFHEDOESNOTWANTTOWORK答案A3THEMAYOROFNEWYORKCONSIDERSIMMIGRANTIONTOBE______AABIGPROBLEMINTHEMANAGEMENTOFTHECITYBAPUSHNEEDETODEVELOPTHECITYCACAUSEOFDISINTEGRATIONOFTHECITY’SSOCIALSTRUCTUREDANOBSTACLETOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHECITY答案B4WHEREARETHENEWNEWYORKERSFROM______AASIABEUROPECALLOVERTHEWORLDDLATINAMERICA答案C5WHATISTHEAUTHOR’SATTITUDETOWARDSIMMIGRATIONTONEWYORK______ANEGATIVEBWORRIEDCINDIFFERENTDPOSITIVE答案D2WHATARETHESPECIFICTRAITSTHATWILLASSISTEXECUTIVESTOCLIMBTHELADDEROFSUCCESSOPINIONSVARYWIDELYGIVENAPPROXIMATELYEQUALQUALIFICATIONSANDCIRCUMSTANCES,SOMECLAIMTHESUCCESSFACTORISLARGELYAMATTEROFLUCKBEINGINTHERIGHTPLACEATTHERIGHTTIMEOTHERSSPEAKOFANALMOSTCRAZYDEVOTIONTOWORK,COMBINEDWITHADEGREEOFRUTHLESSNESSONE“EXPERT”MAINTAINSTHATIT’SUNDOUBTEDLYAMATTEROFHOWMUCHEDUCATIONYOURMOTHERHADTOMAKEITBIG,EXECUTIVESMUSTPOSSESSFOURBASICSKILLSFIRST,DRIVEBUSINESSSUCCESSTAKESANUNUSUALAMOUNTOFENERGYASUCCESSFULEXECUTIVEALMOSTBYDEFINITIONISASTRIVERHEWILLGETTENSEWHENHEISNOTSTRIVINGSECOND,PEOPLESENSESOMESAYBEINGABLETOJUDGEPEOPLEISMOREIMPORTANTTHANAHIGHIQTHESKILLCANBEINSTINCTUAL本能的,BUTINMOSTCASESITISPAINSTAKINGLYLEARNEDTHIRD,COMMUNICATIONSABILITYDIFFERENTEXECUTIVESMAKETHEMSELVESUNDERSTOODINDIFFERENTWAYSSOMETRANSMITIDEASBESTFACETOFACE;OTHERSAREMASTERSOFTHETELEPHONECALL;STILLOTHERSAREPERSUASIVEWRITERSONEWAYORANOTHER,THEYALLCOMMUNICATECLEARLYFOURTH,CALMUNDERPRESSURENOBUSINESSMANWILLGETVERYFARIFHECHOKESUP1SOMEPEOPLECLAIMTHATBESIDESHARDWORK,THESUCCESSALSOREQUIRES_______AEQUALQUALIFICATIONSBSPECIFICTRAITSCMUCHEDUCATIONDADEGREEOFCRUELTY答案D2ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,AHIGHIQIS_______AINSTINCTUALBPAINSTAKINGLYLEARNTCINBORNDMORETRIVIALTHANPEOPLESENSE答案D3THESUCCESSFULEXECUTIVESMUST_______ATRANSMITIDEASFACETOFACEBDEPENDONTELEPHONESCBEPERSUASIVEWRITERSDEXPRESSTHEMSELVESDISTINCTLY答案D4WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEAEVERYBUSINESSMANPOSSESSESTHESEFOURSKILLSBWHENASTRIVERSTOPSHISDEVOTIONTOWORK,HEWILLFEELQUITEATEASECTHESEBASICSKILLSARENOTINSTINCTUALATALLDMOTHER’SEDUCATIONHASUNDOUBTEDEFFECTONHERCHILD’SSUCCESS答案D5WHAT’STHEMAINIDEAOFTHEPASSAGEAFOURSKILLSFORSUCCESSFULEXECUTIVESBSOMEOPINIONSABOUTTHESUCCESSCSPECIFICTRAITSFORSUCCESSFULEXECUTIVESDQUALIFICATIONSANDCIRCUMSTANCESFORCLIMBINGTHELADDER答案C3SOCCERISPLAYEDBYMILLIONSOFPEOPLEALLOVERTHEWORLD,BUTTHEREHAVEONLYBEENAFEWPLAYERSWHOWERETRULYGREATHOWDIDTHESEPLAYERSGETTHATWAYWASITTHROUGHTRAININGANDPRACTICE,ORAREGREATPLAYERS“BORN,NOTMADE”FIRST,THESEPLAYERSCOMEFROMPLACESTHATHAVEHADFAMOUSSTARSINTHEPASTPLAYERSTHATAYOUNGBOYCANLOOKUPTOANDTRYTOIMITATEINTHEHISTORYOFSOCCER,ONLYSIXCOUNTRIESHAVEEVERWONTHEWORLDCUPTHREEFROMSOUTHAMERICAANDTHREEFROMWESTERNEUROPETHEREHASNEVERBEENAGREATNATIONALTEAMORAREALLYGREATPLAYERFROMNORTHAMERICAORFROMASIASECOND,THESEPLAYERSHAVEALLHADYEARSOFPRACTICEINTHEGAMEALFREDODISTEFANOWASTHESONOFASOCCERPLAYER,ASWASPELEMOSTPLAYERSBEGINPLAYINGTHEGAMEATTHEAGEOFTHREEORFOURFINALLY,MANYGREATPLAYERSCOMEFROMTHESAMEKINDOFNEIGHBOURHOODAPOOR,CROWDEDAREAWHEREABOY’SDREAMISNOTTOBEADOCTOR,LAWYER,ORBUSINESSMAN,BUTTOBECOMEARICH,FAMOUSATHLETEORENTERTAINERFOREXAMPLE,LIVERPOOL,WHICHPRODUCEDTHEBEATLES,HADONEOFTHEBESTENGLISHSOCCERTEAMSINRECENTYEARSPELEPRACTICEDINTHESTREETWITHA“BALL”MADEOFRAGSANDGEORGEBESTLEARNEDTHETRICKSTHATMADEHIMFAMOUSBYBOUNCINGTHEBALLOFFAWALLINTHESLUMSOFBELFASTALLGREATPLAYERSHAVEALOTINCOMMON,BUTTHATDOESN’TEXPLAINWHYTHEYAREGREATHUNDREDSOFBOYSPLAYEDINTHOSEBRAZILIANSTREETS,BUTONLYONEBECAMEPELETHEGREATESTPLAYERSAREBORNWITHUNIQUEQUALITYTHATSETSTHEMAPARTFROMALLTHEOTHERS1ACCORDINGTOTHEAUTHOR,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEASOCCERISPOPULARALLOVERTHEWORLD,BUTTRULYGREATPLAYERSARERAREBMILLIONSOFPEOPLEALLOVERTHEWORLDAREPLAYINGSOCCER,BUTONLYSIXCOUNTRIESHAVEEVERHADFAMOUSSTARSCSOCCERISPLAYEDBYMILLIONSOFPEOPLEALLOVERTHEWORLD,BUTONLYSIXCOUNTRIESFROMSOUTHAMERICAANDWESTERNEUROPEHAVEEVERHADGREATNATIONALTEAMSDALLOVERTHEWORLDSOCCERISONEOFTHEMOSTPOPULARGAMES,BUTITSEEMSLEASTPOPULARINNORTHAMERICAORASIA答案A2THEWORD“TRICKS”ATTHEENDOFPARA2ISCLOSESTINMEANINGTO_______AEXPERIENCEBCHEATINGCSKILLSDTRAINING答案C3LIVERPOOLANDBRAZILIANSTREETSARETWOGEOGRAPHICTERMSUSEDTOILLUSTRATE_______AWHERESOCCERPLAYERSGETTHEIRWAYBHOWNEIGHBOURHOODAFFECTSASOCCERPLAYER’SSUCCESSCWHYTHEYCANPRODUCETHEBESTSOCCERTEAMSDWHATAPOOR,CROWDEDAREAWILLPROVIDEAFUTURESOCCERPLAYERWITH答案D4INTHELASTPARAGRAPHTHESTATEMENT“BUTONLYONEBECAMEPELE”INDICATESTHAT_______APELEISTHEGREATESTSOCCERPLAYERBTHEGREATESTPLAYERSAREBORNWITHSOMEUNIQUEQUALITYCPELE’SBIRTHPLACESETSHIMAPARTFROMALLTHEOTHERSDTHESUCCESSOFASOCCERPLAYERHASEVERYTHINGTODOWITHTHEFAMILYBACKGROUND答案B5TOGETTHEWAYFORAGREATPLAYER,ASERIESOFFACTORSAREDIRECTLYMENTIONED,EXCEPT_______AAGEANDBIRTHBFAMILYANDNEIGHBOURHOODCTRAININGANDPRACTICEDPERSONALITYANDCHARACTER答案D四、WORDSPELLING20POINTS,05POINTFORTWOWORDS将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1音乐家;作曲家NM答案MUSICIAN2逻辑(学);逻辑性NL答案LOGIC3意识到的;神志清醒的AC答案CONSCIOUS4标准;准则NC答案CRITERION5严重性;重力NG答案GRAVITY6欣赏;感激VA答案APPRECIATE7特权;特别待遇NP答案PRIVILEGE
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