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2011年7月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试.doc.doc2011年7月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试.doc.doc -- 5 元

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全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第1页2011年7月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷I.Vocabularyand.Structure10points,1pointeach从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Studentsshould_____theirowninterestsaswellasdotheirschoolwork.A.persuadeB.pursueC.persistD.proceed2.Idliketoremindyouthatthereisno_____onthepartofsuspectstoanswerquestions.A.obligationB.evidenceC.transactionD.motivation3.Heblamedhispoorperformance_____jetlag.A.toB.forC.onD.at4.We_____knowledgefromourfamilies,schools,jobs,andthemassmedia.A.requestB.requireC.inquireD.acquire5.Notuntilrecently_____thatThompsonhadbentellingthetruthallalong.A.IrealizedB.didIrealizeC.IdidrealizeD.realizedI6.Idontneedanyhelpatthemoment,butI_____youroffer.A.appreciateB.admireC.enjoyD.like7.Thesadconditionofwomenworkingashouseservantsaroundtheworldreceivedmuchmedia_____earlythisyear.A.importanceB.attentionC.significanceD.popularity上市公司实力雄厚品牌保证权威师资阵容强大教学团队历次学员极高考试通过率辅导效果有保证辅导紧跟命题考点一网打尽辅导名师亲自编写习题与模拟试题直击考试精髓专家24小时在线答疑疑难问题迎刃而解资讯、辅导、资料、答疑全程一站式服务随报随学反复听课足不出户尽享优质服务开设班次(请点击相应班次查看班次介绍)基础班串讲班精品班套餐班实验班习题班高等数学预备班英语零起点班网校推荐课程思想道德修养与法律基础马克思主义基本原理概论大学语文中国近现代史纲要经济法概论(财经类)英语(一)英语(二)线性代数(经管类)高等数学(工专)高等数学(一)线性代数政治经济学(财经类)概率论与数理统计(经管类)计算机应用基础毛泽东思想、邓小平理论和三个代表重要思想概论更多辅导专业及课程课程试听我要报名全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第2页8.Shehasnohostilitytous,_____canbejudgedfromhereyes.A.thatB.andC.henceD.as9.Whenyoure_____acrisis,itoftenhelpstotalktosomeone.A.goingthroughB.goinginforC.goingafterD.goingover10.Decisiononwhetherthemessageisrightorwrongshouldatleastcomeafter_____whatthemessageis.A.puttingoutB.turningoutC.workingoutD.runningoutII.ClozeTest10points,1pointeach下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PeopleinallpartsoftheworldareobservingNoTobaccoDay.Itistheday11theWorldHealthOrganizationWHOappealstopeopletostopusingtobaccoproducts.WHOhopesifpeoplestopsmokingcigarettesor12tobaccoforoneday,theywillstoppermanently.Healthexpertshavewarnedforyearsthatsmokingcanleadtoheartdisease,cancerandother13.WHOsaysdiseaseslinkedtosmokingkill142,500,000personseachyear.Still,manypeoplefindit15stoppingsmoking.Onereasonisnicotine,asubstancefoundincigarettes.Nicotineisadrug.Itseffectsare16thoseofcocaineandheroin.NoTobaccoDayisintendedforsmokersand17whoearnmoneyfromtobaccosales.Sobusinessesareurgedtostopsellingtobaccoproductsfortwentyfourhours.18areurgednottocarryadvertisementsforcigarettes.WHOhasapprovedplanstohelpreachits19ofasmokefreeworld.Theyurgegovernmentstotakeactiontohelp20makemoneybygrowingothercrops.Theyalsocallforimprovedpublicinformationcampaignsabouttherisksofsmoking.11.A.whetherB.whichC.whenD.what12.A.tochewB.chewC.chewingD.chewed13.A.problemsB.questions,C.resultsD.behaviors14.A.atbeatB.atmostC.atworseD.atleast15.A.difficultB.inconvenientC.worryingD.reasonable16.A.betterthanB.similartoC.consistentwithD.dependenton17.A.thatB.thisC.theseD.those18.A.ReadersB.BooksC.ManagersD.Newspapers19.A.ObjetB.goalC.destinationD.direction20.A.WorkersB.manufacturersC.farmersD.producersIII.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointseach从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第3页NooneinmyfamilycouldbelieveAllegrahadanydisability,muchlessoneassevereashers.Tothemadisabilitywasphysical,somethingyoucouldsee.Theyknewherasahappy,normalchild.Thatshowitiswithalearningdisabilityyoudontseeobviousphysicalsymptoms.Butasshegrewoutofpreschool,shewouldpretendtoreadIknewshewaspretendingbecausethebookwasupsidedown.Shewithdrewintoherownworldwhereshecouldfantasizeaboutbeingaballetdancer,aBroadwayactressorafigureskater.Intherealworld,balletclassesandmusiclessonsledonlytoconfusion,frustrationand,ultimately,disappointment.Asforschool,therewasnowayshecouldbeincludedinamainstreamclassroom.IwentthrougheveryspecialschoolinNewYork,onlytobetoldoverandoverShedoesntbelonghere.Thelastblowcameafewmonthsafterthediagnosis,whenIwasatapayphoneon72ndStreet,waitingforananswerfromtheverylastschoolonmylist.FinallyacoldvoicecameonIcanstillhearitandsaidImsorry,butwefeelthisisnttheplaceforher.Ihungupandstaredatthephoneintears.IhadlivedmylifeasthedaughterofHenryFordII,andforthefirsttimeinmylifeIfacedaproblemthatneithermoneynorpositioncouldsolve.Inearlygaveup,butIknewIcouldnt.Withoutme,mydaughterstoodnochanceofmakingit.21.Accordingtothefirstparagraph,Allegrasproblemwas_.A.psychologicalB.obviousC.physicalD.invisible22.Allegrawasdisabledinthat_.A.shewasunabletolearnlikeanormalchildB.shewasalwaysreadingwithherbookupsidedownC.sheisolatedherselffromotherchildreninherclassD.shewaslivinginherdreamsinconflictwiththerealworld23.Theexpressionamainstreamclassroompara.3refers,to_.A.thelastblowB.thelastschoolC.specialschoolsD.normaleducation24.Itcanbeinferredfromthelastparagraphthat_.A.theauthorwouldaskHenryFordIIforhelpB.theauthorwouldcontinuetohelpherdaughterC.theauthorwouldleaveNewYorkforthesakeofherdaughterD.theauthorhadtousemoneyorpositiontodealwiththeproblem25.Thephrasemakingitpara.4probablymeans_.A.becomingafigureskaterB.becomingaballetdancerC.becomingsuccessfulD.gettingpropertreatment全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第4页PassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Contrarytowhatmanypeoplebelieve,highlyintelligentchildrenarenotnecessarilyboundtohaveanacademicsuccess.Infact,socalledgiftedstudentsmayfailtodowellbecausetheyareunusuallysmart.Ensuringthatagiftedchildreacheshisorherpotentialrequiresanunderstandingofwhatcangowrongandhowtosatisfytheunusuallearningrequirementsofextremelybrightyoungpeople.Onecommonproblemgiftedkidsfaceisthatthey,andthosearoundthem,placetoomuchimportanceonbeingsmart.Suchanemphasiscanbreedabeliefthatbrightpeopledonothavetoworkhardtodowell.Althoughsmartkidsmaynotneedtoworkhardinthelowergradeswhentheworkiseasy,theymaystruggleandperformpoorlywhentheworkgetsharderbecausetheydonotmaketheefforttolearn.Insomecases,theymaynotknowhowtostudy,havingneverdoneitbefore.Inothers,theysimplycannotacceptthefactthatsometasksrequireeffort.Ifthescholasticachievementofhighlyintelligentchildrenremainsbelowaverageforanextendedperiod,manyteacherswillfailtorecognizetheirpotential.Asaresult,suchstudentsmaynotgettheencouragementtheyneed,andmayfurtherbedepressedtolearn.Theymayfallfarbehindintheirschoolworkandevendevelopbehaviorproblems.Boysmayturnaggressiveorbecomeclassclowns(小丑).Girlsoftendevelopperformanceanxietyandothersymptomssuchasstomachaches.OnewaytoavoidsuchdifficultiesistorecognizethatIQisjustoneoftheelementsforsuccess.ChildrendowellorstruggleinschoolforahostofreasonsapartfromIQ,accordingtopsychologistFranzMonksoftheUniversityofNijmegenintheNetherlands.Theseincludemotivationandpersistence,socialcompetence,andthesupportoffamily,educatorsandfriends.Emphasizingtheimportanceofpersistenceandhardwork,forexample,willhelpachildavoidthelazinesstrap.Giftedchildrenalsoneedintellectualchallengestoteachthemhowtoworkhard.26.Accordingtothefirstparagraph,theauthorbelievesthat_.A.intelligentstudentsmayfailtodowellintheirschoolworkB.giftedstudentsaretoosmarttodowellintheirschoolworkC.intelligentstudentsareboundtosucceedintheirschoolworkD.giftedstudentsunderstandwhatcangowrongandhowtolearn27.Whentoomuchemphasisisplacedonstudentsintelligence,peoplearelikelytotakeitforgrantedthat_.A.smartstudentsmaynotdowellinthelowergradesB.intelligentstudentsknowhowtoavoidlazinesstrapC.cleverstudentsrequiremoreintelligencethanhardworkD.brightstudentsmaysucceedeveniftheydonotworkhard28.Itisobservedinthethirdparagraphthat_.A.highlygiftedstudentsshowagreatdesiretolearnB.highlygiftedstudentstendtofallillwithnoreason全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第5页C.highlyintelligentstudentsalsoneedencouragementD.highlyintelligentstudentsscorehigherthanaveragestudents29.Accordingtotheauthor,astudentsIQis_.A.oneofthefactorsofsuccessB.theonlyfactorforhissuccessC.directlyrelatedtopersistenceD.closelyassociatedwithcompetence30.Thispassageaimstotellpeopleabout_.A.theacademicperformanceofgiftedstudentsB.theproperattitudestowardgiftedstudentsC.thedifficultiesinrecognizinggiftedstudentsD.themotivationstudentsneedfortheirstudiesPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.MarsGlobalSurveyoristheoldestoffiveNASAroboticdevices,whichisdesignedtofindoutsignsthatMarsoncehadwaterandithadbeentakingdetailedpicturesoftheredplanetforadecade.Unfortunately,itstoppedworkingonNovember2afteritdevelopedamotorproblem.Aftertwodaysofsilence,groundcontrolteamsreceivedasignalthatthedevicehadputitselfintoanemergencystandbymode.Therewasnoinformationaboutwhathadgonewrong.Sincethen,themissionteamatNASAslaboratoryinCaliforniahastriedtocontactthedevice.Thisweek,NASAengineersarepreparingforwhatmaybetheirlastchancetorecoverthespacecraft.NASAplanstouseanewlyarriveddevicetotakeapictureoftheSurveyortoseehowthefailedcraftisorientedtothesunforpowerandtoEarthforcommunications.ItisreportedthatthepicturewillbetakenonFridaywhenthesatellitesareabout93milesapart.ThenewhighpoweredcamerashouldbeabletoimagedetailsoftheSurveyorassmallasabout10centimeters.Thereisagoodchanceofrecoveringit.FlightcontrollersalsoplantotrytogettheSurveyortocontactoneorbothofNASAsroving(漫游)geologystations,SpiritandOpportunity,whicharelocatedonoppositesideso.Marsequator(赤道).Theroverswouldnotbeabletotransmitthespacecraft5sciencedata,butengineersatleastwouldgetanideaofitsgeneralposition.ThelinkupalsocouldshowiftheSurveyorstillhaspower.Ifthedevicehasbeenunabletochargeitsbatteriesduetoapositioningproblemorfailedcomponent,itcouldrunoutofpowerwithnohopeofrecovering.Butifithaspower,thedeviceisquitecapableofautonomouscontrolevenifitdoesnthearfromEarth.TheSurveyorhasfarsurpasseditsdesignlifetime,butscientistsstillhavemoretargetsfortheprobescameraandscienceinstruments.31.ThemaintaskofMarsGlobalSurveyoris_.全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第6页A.totakepicturesoftheredplanetB.toworkouttheproblemsofitsmotorC.tofindoutiftherewaswateronMarsD.tofindthecausesofthefailureinthedevice32.Thenewlyarriveddevice_.A.isequippedwithapowerfulcameraB.checksthesignsforwaterontheredplanetC.carriesnewcomponentsforthefaileddeviceD.examinesthesurveyorscommunicationsystem33.ThelastchanceforNASAsengineerstorecovertheSurveyormightbe_.A.tochargeitsbatteriesB.toadjustitspositionC.totestitscommunicationsystemD.tousethenewdevicetoimageit34.ThedecisivefactorfortherecoveryoftheSurveyoris_.A.itslifeB.itsorbitC.itspowerD.itsposition35.Thepassageismostprobablytakenfrom_.A.abookreviewB.anewsreportC.anadvertisementD.asciencefictiontaleIV.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.绝对的,完全的a.a37.即,也就是adv.n38.障碍,障碍物n.b39.候选人,应试者n.c40.衰落,谢绝vt.d41.忍受,容忍vt.e42.特征,相貌n.f43.金黄色的,金(制)的a.g44.和谐,融洽n.h45.估计,估价Vt.e46.干涉,干扰vi.i47.图书馆管理员n.l48.多数,大半n.m49.数字的,数值的a.n50.官方的a.o51.构架,框架n.f52.哲学n.p53.推荐,介绍Vt.r54.奖学金n.s55.热带的,炎热的a.tV.WordForm10、points,1pointeach将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Criticsshouldbeasobjectiveaspossibleintheir_analyzeofliteraryworks.57.Herfatherleftherallhismoneywhenhedied,whichmadeherfinancially_dependent.58.TheUnitedStatesisacountry_advanceinscienceandtechnology.全天24小时服务咨询电话01082335555免费热线4008135555═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════自考365(www.zikao365.com)领先的专注于自学考试的网络媒体与服务平台本套试题共分7页,当前页是第7页59.Itisnotabadmovie,butthereisnothing_originaboutit.60.Attheendoftheconference,allthe_participatewereaskedtofilloutaquestiolmaire.61.Whenapersonimmigratestoanothercountry,heshould_consciousadapthimselftothenewenvironment.62.Inmyopinion,theyshoulddosomethingtorewardtheirmost_produceemployees.63.The_monthsalaryforthepositionwillbenegotiableataround2,000.64.Ataskofthepostofficestaffisto_classmailaccordingtotheplacesitistogo.65.Thereisanincreasing_tendforwomentohavechildrenlaterinlife.VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointseach将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.这男孩尽管还很小,但已会说两种外语了。67.全家人都同意今年夏天去意大利度假。68.据说包裹和信件都还没有到达目的地。69.我们正在想方设法克服所面临的困难。70.这本书激发了那个孩子对绘画的兴趣。VII.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Professorsmayestablishsocialrelationshipswithstudentsoutsideoftheclassroom,butintheclassroomtheyplaytheroleofaninstructor.Aprofessormayhavecoffeewithstudentsonedaybutthenextdayhemayexpectthemtomeetadeadlineforapaperortobepreparedforadiscussionoranexam.Theprofessormaygiveextraattention,outsideofclass,toastudentinneedofhelp,butprobablywillnottreathimorherdifferentlywhenitcomestoevaluatingacademicwork.Professorshaveseveralrolesinrelationtostudentstheymaybecounselorsandfriendsaswellasteachers.Studentsmustrealizethatwhenateachersrolechanges,theyshouldchangetheirbehaviorandattitudeaccordingly.
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