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2012年1.4.7.10月自考英语二真题00015.doc.doc2012年1.4.7.10月自考英语二真题00015.doc.doc -- 5 元

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第1,共42页2012年1月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷(课程代码00015)本试卷分为两部分,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。第一部分为选择题,1页至8页,共8页。应考者必须在答题卡上按要求填涂,不能答在试卷上。第二部分为非选择题,9页至10页,共2页。应考者必须在答题纸上答题。PARTONE(50POINTS)1.VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointeach)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Alltheories______frompracticeandinturnservepractice.A.differB.rangeC.recoverD.originate2.Thereislittle______increasingyourreadingspeedifyoudonotunderstandwhatyouarereading.A.aimB.useC.valueD.meaning3.whatyousaynowisnot______withwhatyousaidyesterday.A.insistentB.prevalentC.consistentD.permanent4.Puttingprisonersinchainsdoesntsolvethe______0fcrime,suchaspovertyordisaffectionwithinsociety.A.causesB.victimsC.purposesD.increases5.Binarystars,astheirnamesuggests,aretwinstarswhosepositioninspace______eachother.A.affectsB.expectsC.perfectsD.inspects6.Allevidencerelevant______thecaseshouldbegatheredandanalyzed.A.withB.toC.fromD.for7.Comewhat______wellgoaheadwithourplan.A.canB.need第2,共42页C.mayD.must8.Weshould______primaryimportancetothedevelopmentofeconomy.A.attachB.convertC.attributeD.contribute9.Examinerswhoare______tofavoritesarecriticizedbymanypeople.A.indifferentB.similarC.equivalentD.partial10.Lookforsmallwaystoaddactivitytoyourday,liketakingthestairs______theelevatororgoingonashortwalk.A.inspiteofB.insteadofC.intermsofD.inviewofII.ClozeTest(10points,1pointeach)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。。Peopleproducefoodinmanyways.Agriculture,orfarming,developedjthousandsofyearsago.___11___about100yearsago,mostfarmersintheUnitedStatesProducedonlyenoughfoodfortheirown___12___Today,modernequipmentandfarmingmethodshavegreatly___13___theAmericanfarmersproductivity.Invariouspartsoftheworld,people___14___manyanimalsthatsupplymeatandmilk.Cattle,horses,goats,sheep,andpigsareimportantfoodanimals.IntheUnitedStates,thecowisthemajorsourceofmilkproducts.Chickens___15___peoplewithbothmeatandeggs.Fishingisanimportantsourceoffood,___16___inareasnearthesea.Somecountries,likeJapan,consumemuchmorefishthanmeat.Thewealthyareasoftheworldconsumethemostfood,___17___includetheUnitedStates,Canada,andEurope.Manycountriesareabletoimportfoodifitcannotbeproducedathome.___18___GreatBritainimportsabout75percentofitsmeat,andgrowslessthanhalfthefooditspeoplerequire.___19___peopleofthepoorcountriesoftheworldusuallyeatonlywhattheyareabletoproducethemselves.InsomepartsofAsia,peoplelive___20___ricealone.11.A.InB.UntilC.FromD.for12.A.needsB.reasonsC.effortsD.interests13.A.protectedB.supportedC.increasedD.reflected14.A.growB.raiseC.trainD.store15.A.prepareB.treatC.serveD.provide16.A.certainlyB.actuallyC.occasionallyD.especially17.A.theseB.whereC.whichD.they18.A.InadditionB.ForexampleC.AboveallD.Afterall19.A.HoweverB.ThereforeC.MoreoverD.instead20.A.withB.forC.onD.throughIII.ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointseach)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.第3,共42页LatelyithasbecomefashionableinAmericatoquestionwhetheritisreallyworthittogotocollege.AccordingtoanewsurveyreleasedbythePewResearchCenter,only40percentofAmericansfeltthatcollegesprovidedagoodvalueforthecost.Atthesametime,86percentofcollegegraduatesstillfelttheinvestmentwasagoodoneforthem.Thereareanumberofreasonsforthewidespreaddissatisfactionwithcollege.First,thereareplentyofproblemswithhighereducationpoorqualityandoutofcontrolcostsaretwoofthebiggest,Second,itistruethatcollegeisnotforeveryone.Thereareplentyofrewardingandimportantcareersthatdonotrequirecollege.Andduetothesloweconomy,theremayinfactbemoregraduatesthanthecurrentjobmarketneeds.Besides,anticollegesentimentisnothingnewToday,MicrosoftsBillGatesorApplesSteveJobsbothcollegedropoutsisoftenheldupasevidenceofwhyallthattimesittinginclassisbetterspentelsewhere.However,gettingacollegeeducationisstillagoodidea.Collegegraduatesearnmore,andaremorelikelytohaveajobinthefirstplace.Accordingtothestatisticslastyear,theaverageweeklyearningsforsomeonewithsomecollegebutnodegreewere712,comparedto1,038foracollegegraduate.Thatisalmost17,000overthecourseofayearandthereisanevenbiggerdivideforthosewithlesseducation.Meanwhile,theunemploymentratewas9.2percentforthosewithonlysomecollegeandmorethan10percentforthosewithjustamiddleschooldegree,butitwas5.4percentforcollegegraduates.TheeconomicgapsbetweencollegecompletersandthosewithlesseducationaregettinglargerAlthoughmostAmericanssurveyedbyPewfeeldoubtfulaboutthevalueofacollegedegree,anoverwhelmingmajorityofparentsPewsurveyedstillexpecttheirchildrentogotocollege.Itcallbeinferredthattheincreaseddoubthasnotsignificantlyinfluenceddecisionmaking,PewsTaylorsays.Despitetheconcernaboutrisingcostsandotherproblems,collegeremainsauniversaldesireinthiscountry.21.RecentlymanyAmericansquestion_____.A.thevalueofacollegedegreeB.theabilityofcollegegraduatesC.thequalityofcollegeeducationD.thehighcostofhighereducation22.ThepassagetellsUSthatBillGateswas_____.A.aselftaughtcollegestudentB.ahardworkingundergraduateC.asuccessfulcollegedropoutD.asuccessfulcollegegraduate23.Thewriterseemstoagreethat_____.A.thereisnoneedtogotocollegeB.anticollegesentimentisanewthingC.collegecannotguaranteeemploymentD.collegeeducationremainsawisechoice24.TheunemploymentrateforcollegegraduateslastYearwas_____.A.5.4%B.7.1%C.9.2%D.10%25.ThePewsurveyimpliesthat_____.A.thecostofcollegeeducationwilldecreaseB.mostAmericansstillfavorcollegeeducationC.thequalityofcollegeeducationwillimproveD.increaseddoubtaffectsparentsdecisionmakingPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassageAmajorsociological(社会学的)theoryknownassymbolicinteractionism(符第4,共42页号互动论)offerssomeimportantclarificationofhowmenandwomenaretaughttofilldifferentrolesinsociety.Thekeyconceptinsymbolicinteractionismisthatcommunicationmakesabigdifferenceinbehaviorpeopleactonthebasisofmessagestheyreceivefromothers,andhowtheyunderstandthosemessages.ThiscanbeseeninaconceptdevelopedbysociologistCharlesHortonCooleyknownasthelookingglassself.Bythelookingglassself,Cooleymeanttheselfimagethateachofusdevelopsaccordingtothemessageswereceivefromotherswethinkandbehaveaccordingtoourunderstandingofthosemessages.If,forexample,ayounggirlisrepeatedlytoldthatsheispretty,shewillcometobelievethat(1)sheisinfactpretty,and(2)beingprettyisanimportantthinginherlife.Similarly,ifsheistoldthatsheisnotgood(ornotexpectedtobegood)atcertainthings(suchasmath)shewillcometobelievethatsheisnotgoodatsuchthingsandwouldbetteroffworkingatthingsshecanbesuccessfulat.Thelikelyproductisayoungwomanwhodevotesagreatdealofattentiontoherappearance,regardsbeingprettyasakeytosuccessinlife,andwhoisintimidatedbyanythinginvolvingnumbers.Sinceweknowthatyounggirlsaregivenmessageslikethese,andthatyoungboysaregivendifferentmessages,wecanseeagoodpartofhowsexrolesaretaught.Thereislittleornoevidenceofdifferencesinwhatyounggirlsandyounggirlsandboyscando,buttheolderchildrenbecome,thegreaterthedifferencesintheareasinwhichboysandgirlsarelikelytostandout.26.Symbolicinteractionismhelpstoexplain______.A.howtomakeadifferenceinpeoplessocialbehaviorB.howtomakepeopleunderstanddifferentsocialrolesC.howmenandwomenlearntocommunicateinsocietyD.howmenandwomenlearntotakedifferentsocialroles27.Thelookingglassselfconceptoffersaclueasto______.A.whetheronecanimproveonesselfimageB.whetheroneislikelytosucceedinanareaC.howonereceivesdifferentsocialmessagesD.howsocialmessagesshapeonesselfimage28.Theexampleoftheyounggirlshowsthat______.A.womencaremoreaboutappearanceB.womenareinferiortomeninnumbersC.peopleareliabletosocialexpectationsD.peopleregardlooksasakeytoSuccess29.Thephrasebetteroff(para.2)probablymeansA.morecomfortableB.moredependableC.morerespectableD.morereasonable30.Boysandgirlsarelikelytostandoutindifferentareas______.A.astheyadvanceinageB.astheygrowinwisdomC.astheirinterestsdiversifyD.astheircapacitiesdevelopPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.SincethebeginningoftheInternetera,ithasbeenwidelyacceptedthatwhenyoujoinanonlinecompany,whateverdatayouputintoitbelongstoyou.Thatmeansyoucansignupforonekindofemail,importyourcontactsintothatsystem,andifyoulaterdecidetoswitchtosomeotheremailservice,youcanexportallyourcontactsfromthefirstserviceintothenewone.Youcanuse第5,共42页MicrosoftsHotmail,thenmovetoYahooMail,thentoGooglesGmail.Oryoucanhaveaccountsonthreeservicesandkeepallyourcontactsineachone.ThatthewaythingswereuntilFacebookappeared.FacebooktookadifferentapproachUntilrecently,everythingyouputintoFacebookcouldnotbeexportedanywhere.Ineffect,youdidntownyourdata.Facebookdid.Ofcoursethisisrubbish.TherealityisthatFacebookwantstomakeitdifficult,ifnotimpossible,foryoutoleave.NowthatpolicyhassparkedafightbetweenGoogleandFacebook.Googleisangrybecauseitsuserscan,andoftendo,exporttheirGmailcontactinformationintoFacebook.ButthosepeoplecantbringFacebookinformationbackintoGmail.EarlierthismonthGoogledeclareditwouldblockexportsofitsdatatoFacebook.Inashamelessmove,FacebookbrokethroughGooglesroadblocksoitsuserscouldkeeppullingdatafromGoogle.GooglesaiditwasdisappointedwithFacebooksbehavior.ItalsocreatedawarningscreentotellGmailusersthatiftheyexporttheirinformationtoFacebooktheywontgetitback.Basically,FacebookspositionwithmajorITcompaniesisthisifyouwantaccesstoalltheinformationwevecollected,strikeadealwithus.MicrosoftandYahoohavedonethat,andnow,likemagic,theycanexportFacebookcontactinformationintotheirsystems,whileGooglestillcant.RemembertheearlydaysoftheNet,wheneverythingwasgoingtobeopenandfleeThatwasgreatuntilpeoplerealizedthattheiruserdatacouldbeturnedintogold.Nowtherearebillionsinvolved,andnobodyisplayingniceanymore.31.BeforeFacebookappeared,people_______.A.hadalimitednumberofaccountsB.enjoyedacompletelyfreeserviceC.hadlimitedaccesstotheircontactsD.enjoyedfullownershipoftheirdata32.ItseemsthatFacebooksapproachmakesthewriterrather_______.A.annoyedB.assuredC.puzzledD.pleased33.GoogleisangrywithFacebookduetothelattersrefusalto_______.A.letitsusersuseGmailB.offertechnicalsupportC.shareuserinformationD.protectuserinformation34.ThepassageindicatesthatMicrosoftandYahoohave_______.A.agreedtosidewithGoogleB.acceptedFacebookstermsC.takentheirownapproachesD.struckadealwitheachother35.Accordingtothewriter,thecurrentstateoftheNetis_______.A.misleadingB.frustratingC.promisingD.satisfying2012年1月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷(课程代码0359)PARTTWO(50POINTS)第6,共42页IV.WordSpelling(10points,1pointfortwowords)将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.性格,品质n.c_______37.容忍,容许vt.t_______38.几乎不ad.h________39.四月n.A_______40.干旱,旱灾n,d_______41.可靠的a.r__________42.碰撞vi.c________43.仪器乐器n.i_______44.适度的a.m______45.浅的a.s_____46.打哈欠vi.y______47.放射n.r_______48.直接地ad.s_________49.流利的a.f___________50.排除,排斥vt.e________51.百num.h_______52.急迫的a.u_______53.坦白地ad.f_______54.清白的a.i_____55.加强,巩固vt.s_______V.WordForm(10points,1pointeach)将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Couldyougivemeaquick__________(explain)forhowitworks57.ThomasJeffersonwasaleading__________(create)oftheU.S.Constitution.58.Scholarsofferthreerelatedbutdifferentopinionsaboutdifferentopinionsaboutthe__________(mystery)originandsignificanceofthesepaintings.59.Shesatbythefireandfeltthe__________(warm)spreadthroughherbody.60.Theprojectisonly__________(theory)workable.61.Boysareverymuchinthe__________(minor)atthedanceclass.62.Wetookacontraryview,butwehavetoimplementand(forcethelawpassedbyCongress.63.Inadditiontointelligence,weshoulddevelop__________(persist)inchildren.64.Heis__________(habit)lateforschoolheisneverontime.65.Itwouldbecompletely__________(responsible)tousedrugsonpeoplethathadnotbeentestedonanimals.VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(15points,3pointseach)将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.今年热得很不寻常。67.你一旦开始,就必须继续下去。68.你需要更多的练习,这是很明显的。69.要不是她的妈妈,她是读不完大学的。70.最近的研究表明,白日做梦是日常生活的一部分。VII.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese(15points)第7,共42页将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Timeisdangerous.Ifyoudontcontrolit,itwillcontrolyou.Ifyoudontmakeitworkforyou,itwillworkagainstyou.Youmustbecomethemasteroftime,nottheservant.Studyhardandplayhardisanoldproverb,butitstillmakessense.Youhaveplentyoftimeforclasses,studyandplayifyouuseyourtimeproperly.Itisnothowmuchtimeyouallocateforstudythatcountsbuthowmuchyoulearnwhenyoudostudy.Themoretimeyouwaste,theeasieritistocontinuewastingtime.Soon,doingnothingbecomesahabityoucantbreak.Itbecomesadrug.Whenthishappens,youloseyourfeelingofaccomplishment.第8,共42页第9,共42页
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