2012年1.4.7.10月自考英语二真题00015.doc.doc2012年1.4.7.10月自考英语二真题00015.doc.doc

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第1,共42页2012年1月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷(课程代码00015)本试卷分为两部分,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。第一部分为选择题,1页至8页,共8页。应考者必须在“答题卡”上按要求填涂,不能答在试卷上。第二部分为非选择题,9页至10页,共2页。应考者必须在“答题纸”上答题。PARTONE(50POINTS)1.VOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE(10POINTS,1POINTEACH)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.ALLTHEORIES______FROMPRACTICEANDINTURNSERVEPRACTICE.A.DIFFERB.RANGEC.RECOVERD.ORIGINATE2.THEREISLITTLE______INCREASINGYOURREADINGSPEEDIFYOUDONOTUNDERSTANDWHATYOUAREREADING.A.AIMB.USEC.VALUED.MEANING3.WHATYOUSAYNOWISNOT______WITHWHATYOUSAIDYESTERDAY.A.INSISTENTB.PREVALENTC.CONSISTENTD.PERMANENT4.PUTTINGPRISONERSINCHAINSDOESN’TSOLVETHE______0FCRIME,SUCHASPOVERTYORDISAFFECTIONWITHINSOCIETY.A.CAUSESB.VICTIMSC.PURPOSESD.INCREASES5.BINARYSTARS,ASTHEIRNAMESUGGESTS,ARETWINSTARSWHOSEPOSITIONINSPACE______EACHOTHER.A.AFFECTSB.EXPECTSC.PERFECTSD.INSPECTS6.ALLEVIDENCERELEVANT______THECASESHOULDBEGATHEREDANDANALYZED.A.WITHB.TOC.FROMD.FOR7.COMEWHAT______WE’LLGOAHEADWITHOURPLAN.A.CANB.NEED第2,共42页C.MAYD.MUST8.WESHOULD______PRIMARYIMPORTANCETOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFECONOMY.A.ATTACHB.CONVERTC.ATTRIBUTED.CONTRIBUTE9.EXAMINERSWHOARE______TOFAVORITESARECRITICIZEDBYMANYPEOPLE.A.INDIFFERENTB.SIMILARC.EQUIVALENTD.PARTIAL10.LOOKFORSMALLWAYSTOADDACTIVITYTOYOURDAY,LIKETAKINGTHESTAIRS______THEELEVATORORGOINGONASHORTWALK.A.INSPITEOFB.INSTEADOFC.INTERMSOFD.INVIEWOFII.CLOZETEST(10POINTS,1POINTEACH)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。。PEOPLEPRODUCEFOODINMANYWAYS.AGRICULTURE,ORFARMING,DEVELOPEDJTHOUSANDSOFYEARSAGO___11___ABOUT100YEARSAGO,MOSTFARMERSINTHEUNITEDSTATESPRODUCEDONLYENOUGHFOODFORTHEIROWN___12___TODAY,MODERNEQUIPMENTANDFARMINGMETHODSHAVEGREATLY___13___THEAMERICANFARMER’SPRODUCTIVITYINVARIOUSPARTSOFTHEWORLD,PEOPLE___14___MANYANIMALSTHATSUPPLYMEATANDMILKCATTLE,HORSES,GOATS,SHEEP,ANDPIGSAREIMPORTANTFOODANIMALSINTHEUNITEDSTATES,THECOWISTHEMAJORSOURCEOFMILKPRODUCTSCHICKENS___15___PEOPLEWITHBOTHMEATANDEGGSFISHINGISANIMPORTANTSOURCEOFFOOD,___16___INAREASNEARTHESEASOMECOUNTRIES,LIKEJAPAN,CONSUMEMUCHMOREFISHTHANMEATTHEWEALTHYAREASOFTHEWORLDCONSUMETHEMOSTFOOD,___17___INCLUDETHEUNITEDSTATES,CANADA,ANDEUROPEMANYCOUNTRIESAREABLETOIMPORTFOODIFITCANNOTBEPRODUCEDATHOME___18___GREATBRITAINIMPORTSABOUT75PERCENTOFITSMEAT,ANDGROWSLESSTHANHALFTHEFOODITSPEOPLEREQUIRE___19___PEOPLEOFTHEPOORCOUNTRIESOFTHEWORLDUSUALLYEATONLYWHATTHEYAREABLETOPRODUCETHEMSELVESINSOMEPARTSOFASIA,PEOPLELIVE___20___RICEALONE11.A.INB.UNTILC.FROMD.FOR12.A.NEEDSB.REASONSC.EFFORTSD.INTERESTS13.A.PROTECTEDB.SUPPORTEDC.INCREASEDD.REFLECTED14.A.GROWB.RAISEC.TRAIND.STORE15.A.PREPAREB.TREATC.SERVED.PROVIDE16.A.CERTAINLYB.ACTUALLYC.OCCASIONALLYD.ESPECIALLY17.A.THESEB.WHEREC.WHICHD.THEY18.A.INADDITIONB.FOREXAMPLEC.ABOVEALLD.AFTERALL19.A.HOWEVERB.THEREFOREC.MOREOVERD.INSTEAD20.A.WITHB.FORC.OND.THROUGHIII.READINGCOMPREHENSION(30POINTS,2POINTSEACH)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE第3,共42页LATELYITHASBECOMEFASHIONABLEINAMERICATOQUESTIONWHETHERITISREALLYWORTHITTOGOTOCOLLEGEACCORDINGTOANEWSURVEYRELEASEDBYTHEPEWRESEARCHCENTER,ONLY40PERCENTOFAMERICANSFELTTHATCOLLEGESPROVIDEDAGOODVALUEFORTHECOSTATTHESAMETIME,86PERCENTOFCOLLEGEGRADUATESSTILLFELTTHEINVESTMENTWASAGOODONEFORTHEMTHEREAREANUMBEROFREASONSFORTHEWIDESPREADDISSATISFACTIONWITHCOLLEGEFIRST,THEREAREPLENTYOFPROBLEMSWITHHIGHEREDUCATIONPOORQUALITYANDOUTOFCONTROLCOSTSARETWOOFTHEBIGGEST,SECOND,ITISTRUETHATCOLLEGEISNOTFOREVERYONE.THEREAREPLENTYOFREWARDINGANDIMPORTANTCAREERSTHATDONOTREQUIRECOLLEGE.ANDDUETOTHESLOWECONOMY,THEREMAYINFACTBEMOREGRADUATESTHANTHECURRENTJOBMARKETNEEDS.BESIDES,ANTICOLLEGESENTIMENTISNOTHINGNEWTODAY,MICROSOFT’SBILLGATESORAPPLE’SSTEVEJOBSBOTHCOLLEGEDROPOUTSISOFTENHELDUPASEVIDENCEOFWHYALLTHATTIMESITTINGINCLASSISBETTERSPENTELSEWHERE.HOWEVER,GETTINGACOLLEGEEDUCATIONISSTILLAGOODIDEA.COLLEGEGRADUATESEARNMORE,ANDAREMORELIKELYTOHAVEAJOBINTHEFIRSTPLACE.ACCORDINGTOTHESTATISTICSLASTYEAR,THEAVERAGEWEEKLYEARNINGSFORSOMEONEWITHSOMECOLLEGEBUTNODEGREEWERE712,COMPAREDTO1,038FORACOLLEGEGRADUATE.THATISALMOST17,000OVERTHECOURSEOFAYEARANDTHEREISANEVENBIGGERDIVIDEFORTHOSEWITHLESSEDUCATION.MEANWHILE,THEUNEMPLOYMENTRATEWAS92PERCENTFORTHOSEWITHONLYSOMECOLLEGEANDMORETHAN10PERCENTFORTHOSEWITHJUSTAMIDDLESCHOOLDEGREE,BUTITWAS54PERCENTFORCOLLEGEGRADUATES.THEECONOMICGAPSBETWEENCOLLEGECOMPLETERSANDTHOSEWITHLESSEDUCATIONAREGETTINGLARGERALTHOUGHMOSTAMERICANSSURVEYEDBYPEWFEELDOUBTFULABOUTTHEVALUEOFACOLLEGEDEGREE,ANOVERWHELMINGMAJORITYOFPARENTSPEWSURVEYEDSTILLEXPECTTHEIRCHILDRENTOGOTOCOLLEGE.“ITCALLBEINFERREDTHATTHEINCREASEDDOUBTHASNOTSIGNIFICANTLYINFLUENCEDDECISIONMAKING,’’PEW’STAYLORSAYS.“DESPITETHECONCERNABOUTRISINGCOSTSANDOTHERPROBLEMS,COLLEGEREMAINSAUNIVERSALDESIREINTHISCOUNTRY.”21.RECENTLYMANYAMERICANSQUESTION_____.A.THEVALUEOFACOLLEGEDEGREEB.THEABILITYOFCOLLEGEGRADUATESC.THEQUALITYOFCOLLEGEEDUCATIOND.THEHIGHCOSTOFHIGHEREDUCATION22.THEPASSAGETELLSUSTHATBILLGATESWAS_____.A.ASELFTAUGHTCOLLEGESTUDENTB.AHARDWORKINGUNDERGRADUATEC.ASUCCESSFULCOLLEGEDROPOUTD.ASUCCESSFULCOLLEGEGRADUATE23.THEWRITERSEEMSTOAGREETHAT_____.A.THEREISNONEEDTOGOTOCOLLEGEB.ANTICOLLEGESENTIMENTISANEWTHINGC.COLLEGECANNOTGUARANTEEEMPLOYMENTD.COLLEGEEDUCATIONREMAINSAWISECHOICE24.THEUNEMPLOYMENTRATEFORCOLLEGEGRADUATESLASTYEARWAS_____.A.54%B.71%C.92%D.10%25.THEPEWSURVEYIMPLIESTHAT_____.A.THECOSTOFCOLLEGEEDUCATIONWILLDECREASEB.MOSTAMERICANSSTILLFAVORCOLLEGEEDUCATIONC.THEQUALITYOFCOLLEGEEDUCATIONWILLIMPROVED.INCREASEDDOUBTAFFECTSPARENTS’DECISIONMAKINGPASSAGETWOQUESTIONS26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEAMAJORSOCIOLOGICAL(社会学的)THEORYKNOWNASSYMBOLICINTERACTIONISM(符第4,共42页号互动论)OFFERSSOMEIMPORTANTCLARIFICATIONOFHOWMENANDWOMENARETAUGHTTOFILLDIFFERENTROLESINSOCIETY.THEKEYCONCEPTINSYMBOLICINTERACTIONISMISTHATCOMMUNICATIONMAKESABIGDIFFERENCEINBEHAVIORPEOPLEACTONTHEBASISOFMESSAGESTHEYRECEIVEFROMOTHERS,ANDHOWTHEYUNDERSTANDTHOSEMESSAGESTHISCANBESEENINACONCEPTDEVELOPEDBYSOCIOLOGISTCHARLESHORTONCOOLEYKNOWNASTHELOOKINGGLASSSELF.BYTHELOOKINGGLASSSELF,COOLEYMEANTTHESELFIMAGETHATEACHOFUSDEVELOPSACCORDINGTOTHEMESSAGESWERECEIVEFROMOTHERS;WETHINKANDBEHAVEACCORDINGTOOURUNDERSTANDINGOFTHOSEMESSAGES.IF,FOREXAMPLE,AYOUNGGIRLISREPEATEDLYTOLDTHATSHEISPRETTY,SHEWILLCOMETOBELIEVETHAT(1)SHEISINFACTPRETTY,AND(2)BEINGPRETTYISANIMPORTANTTHINGINHERLIFE.SIMILARLY,IFSHEISTOLDTHATSHEISNOTGOOD(ORNOTEXPECTEDTOBEGOOD)ATCERTAINTHINGS(SUCHASMATH)SHEWILLCOMETOBELIEVETHATSHEISNOTGOODATSUCHTHINGSANDWOULDBETTEROFFWORKINGATTHINGSSHECANBESUCCESSFULAT.THELIKELYPRODUCTISAYOUNGWOMANWHODEVOTESAGREATDEALOFATTENTIONTOHERAPPEARANCE,REGARDSBEINGPRETTYASAKEYTOSUCCESSINLIFE,ANDWHOISINTIMIDATEDBYANYTHINGINVOLVINGNUMBERS.SINCEWEKNOWTHATYOUNGGIRLSAREGIVENMESSAGESLIKETHESE,ANDTHATYOUNGBOYSAREGIVENDIFFERENTMESSAGES,WECANSEEAGOODPARTOFHOWSEXROLESARETAUGHT.THEREISLITTLEORNOEVIDENCEOFDIFFERENCESINWHATYOUNGGIRLSANDYOUNGGIRLSANDBOYSCANDO,BUTTHEOLDERCHILDRENBECOME,THEGREATERTHEDIFFERENCESINTHEAREASINWHICHBOYSANDGIRLSARELIKELYTOSTANDOUT26.SYMBOLICINTERACTIONISMHELPSTOEXPLAIN______.A.HOWTOMAKEADIFFERENCEINPEOPLE’SSOCIALBEHAVIORB.HOWTOMAKEPEOPLEUNDERSTANDDIFFERENTSOCIALROLESC.HOWMENANDWOMENLEARNTOCOMMUNICATEINSOCIETYD.HOWMENANDWOMENLEARNTOTAKEDIFFERENTSOCIALROLES27.THE“LOOKINGGLASSSELF’CONCEPTOFFERSACLUEASTO______.A.WHETHERONECANIMPROVEONE’SSELFIMAGEB.WHETHERONEISLIKELYTOSUCCEEDINANAREAC.HOWONERECEIVESDIFFERENTSOCIALMESSAGESD.HOWSOCIALMESSAGESSHAPEONE’SSELFIMAGE28.THEEXAMPLEOFTHEYOUNGGIRLSHOWSTHAT______.A.WOMENCAREMOREABOUTAPPEARANCEB.WOMENAREINFERIORTOMENINNUMBERSC.PEOPLEARELIABLETOSOCIALEXPECTATIONSD.PEOPLEREGARDLOOKSASAKEYTOSUCCESS29.THEPHRASE“BETTEROFF’(PARA2)PROBABLYMEANSA.MORECOMFORTABLEB.MOREDEPENDABLEC.MORERESPECTABLED.MOREREASONABLE30.BOYSANDGIRLSARELIKELYTOSTANDOUTINDIFFERENTAREAS______.A.ASTHEYADVANCEINAGEB.ASTHEYGROWINWISDOMC.ASTHEIRINTERESTSDIVERSIFYD.ASTHEIRCAPACITIESDEVELOPPASSAGETHREEQUESTIONS31TO35AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGE.SINCETHEBEGINNINGOFTHEINTERNETERA,ITHASBEENWIDELYACCEPTEDTHATWHENYOUJOINANONLINECOMPANY,WHATEVERDATAYOUPUTINTOITBELONGSTOYOU.THATMEANSYOUCANSIGNUPFORONEKINDOFEMAIL,IMPORTYOURCONTACTSINTOTHATSYSTEM,ANDIFYOULATERDECIDETOSWITCHTOSOMEOTHEREMAILSERVICE,YOUCANEXPORTALLYOURCONTACTSFROMTHEFIRSTSERVICEINTOTHENEWONE.YOUCANUSE第5,共42页MICROSOFT’SHOTMAIL,THENMOVETOYAHOOMAIL,THENTOGOOGLE’SGMAIL.ORYOUCANHAVEACCOUNTSONTHREESERVICESANDKEEPALLYOURCONTACTSINEACHONE.THAT’THEWAYTHINGSWEREUNTILFACEBOOKAPPEAREDFACEBOOKTOOKADIFFERENTAPPROACHUNTILRECENTLY,EVERYTHINGYOUPUTINTOFACEBOOKCOULDNOTBEEXPORTEDANYWHEREINEFFECT,YOUDIDN’TOWNYOURDATAFACEBOOKDIDOFCOURSETHISISRUBBISH.THEREALITYISTHATFACEBOOKWANTSTOMAKEITDIFFICULT,IFNOTIMPOSSIBLE,FORYOUTOLEAVE.NOWTHATPOLICYHASSPARKEDAFIGHTBETWEENGOOGLEANDFACEBOOK.GOOGLEISANGRYBECAUSEITSUSERSCAN,ANDOFTENDO,EXPORTTHEIRGMAILCONTACTINFORMATIONINTOFACEBOOK.BUTTHOSEPEOPLECAN’TBRINGFACEBOOKINFORMATIONBACKINTOGMAIL.EARLIERTHISMONTHGOOGLEDECLAREDITWOULDBLOCKEXPORTSOFITSDATATOFACEBOOK.INASHAMELESSMOVE,FACEBOOKBROKETHROUGHGOOGLE’SROADBLOCKSOITSUSERSCOULDKEEPPULLINGDATAFROMGOOGLE.GOOGLESAIDITWAS“DISAPPOINTED’’WITHFACEBOOK’SBEHAVIOR.ITALSOCREATEDAWARNINGSCREENTOTELLGMAILUSERSTHATIFTHEYEXPORTTHEIRINFORMATIONTOFACEBOOKTHEYWON’TGETITBACK.BASICALLY,FACEBOOK’SPOSITIONWITHMAJORITCOMPANIESISTHISIFYOUWANTACCESSTOALLTHEINFORMATIONWE’VECOLLECTED,STRIKEADEALWITHUS.MICROSOFTANDYAHOOHAVEDONETHAT,ANDNOW,LIKEMAGIC,THEYCANEXPORTFACEBOOKCONTACTINFORMATIONINTOTHEIRSYSTEMS,WHILEGOOGLESTILLCAN’T.REMEMBERTHEEARLYDAYSOFTHENET,WHENEVERYTHINGWASGOINGTOBEOPENANDFLEETHATWASGREATUNTILPEOPLEREALIZEDTHATTHEIRUSERDATACOULDBETURNEDINTOGOLD.NOWTHEREAREBILLIONSINVOLVED,ANDNOBODYISPLAYINGNICEANYMORE.31.BEFOREFACEBOOKAPPEARED,PEOPLE_______.A.HADALIMITEDNUMBEROFACCOUNTSB.ENJOYEDACOMPLETELYFREESERVICEC.HADLIMITEDACCESSTOTHEIRCONTACTSD.ENJOYEDFULLOWNERSHIPOFTHEIRDATA32.ITSEEMSTHATFACEBOOK’SAPPROACHMAKESTHEWRITERRATHER_______.A.ANNOYEDB.ASSUREDC.PUZZLEDD.PLEASED33.GOOGLEISANGRYWITHFACEBOOKDUETOTHELATTER’SREFUSALTO_______.A.LETITSUSERSUSEGMAILB.OFFERTECHNICALSUPPORTC.SHAREUSERINFORMATIOND.PROTECTUSERINFORMATION34.THEPASSAGEINDICATESTHATMICROSOFTANDYAHOOHAVE_______.A.AGREEDTOSIDEWITHGOOGLEB.ACCEPTEDFACEBOOK’STERMSC.TAKENTHEIROWNAPPROACHESD.STRUCKADEALWITHEA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