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高教自考指定教材英语二冲刺模拟试卷二来源考试大20051109111533责任编辑JAYPARTONEⅠVOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1THESESPECULATIONSSOUND______SCIENCEFICTIONALIKEBALIKECLIKELYDDISLIKE2ITHASTAKENHIMALONGTIMETO______THEFACTTHATHEWON’TBEABLETOGOTOCOLLEGEARECEIVEBDECEIVECCOMETOTERMSWITHDCATCHUPWITH3THE______OFTHETALKRELEASEDBYTHEPROSECUTORSHOWWHYWEINSTEINWASABELOVEDFIGUREATTHORNEMIDDLESCHOOLAEXPERTSBEXCERPTSCEXPELSDEXCESS4HECUT______HISSMOKINGAINBUPCBACKDDOWN5THEREISAGROWINGBODYOFEVIDENCETOSUPPORTTHEFACTTHATMOSTPEOPLESUFFERFROMALACKOFDAYDREAMING______ANEXCESSOFITAOTHERTHANBRATHERTHANCINPLACEOFDINSTEAD6WEDONOTHAVEADEQUATE______FORTHEUSEOFANIMALSASUBSEQUENTSBSUBSTITUTESCSUBSTANCESDSUBSTITUTIONS7THEVOTERSWERE______LARGELYBYADESIREFORCHANGEAMOTIONEDBMOTOREDCMOTIVATEDDMOTIVED8INHISCOMPOSITIONTHEREWERE______ERRORS______AFEWMISSPELLEDWORDSAOTHERTHANBNOOTHERTHANCRATHERTHANDNORATHERTHAN9THESPECIFICUSEOFLEISURE______FROMINDIVIDUALTOINDIVIDUALAVARIESBRANGESCVARIOUSDDISTINGUISHES10OURLIKESAND______AREALLRELATEDTOSOCIALCONTEXTSANDLEARNINGEXPERIENCESAUNLIKESBDISLIKESCALIKESDNONLIKESⅡCLOZETEST10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。HENRY’SJOBWASTOEXAMINECARSWHICHCROSSEDTHEFRONTIERTOMAKESURETHATTHEYWERENOTSMUGGLINGANYTHINGINTOTHECOUNTRYEVERYMORNING,EXCEPTATWEEKENDS,HE11SEEAFACTORYWORKERCOMINGUPTHEHILLTOWARDSTHEFRONTIER,12ABICYCLEWITHABIGLOADOFOLDSTRAWONITWHENTHEBICYCLEARRIVEDTHEFRONTIER,HENRYUSEDTOSTOPTHEMANANDORDERHIMTOTAKETHESTRAWOFFTHENHEWOULDEXAMINETHESTRAWVERYCAREFULLYTOSEE13HECOULDFINDANYTHING,AFTERWHICHHEWOULDLOOKINALLTHEMAN’SPOCKETSBEFOREHELETHIMTIETHESTRAWUPAGAINTHEMANWOULDTHENPUTITONHISBICYCLEANDGOOFFDOWNTHEHILLWITHITALTHOUGHHENRYWASALWAYS14TOFINDGOLDORJEWELRYOROTHERVALUABLETHINGSHIDDENINTHESTRAW,HENEVERFOUND15,EVENTHOUGHHEEXAMINEDITVERYCAREFULLYHEWASSURETHATTHEMANWASSMUGGLINGSOMETHING,BUTHEWASNOT16TOIMAGINEWHATITCOULDBETHENONEEVENING,AFTERHEHADLOOKEDTHROUGHTHESTRAWANDEMPTIEDTHEFACTORYWORKER’SPOCKETS17USUAL,HESAIDTOHIM,“LISTEN,IKNOWTHATYOUARESMUGGLINGTHINGS18THISFRONTIERWON’TYOUTELLMEWHATITISTHATYOU’REBRINGINGINTOTHECOUNTRYSOSUCCESSFULLYI’MANOLDMAN,ANDTODAY’SMYLASTDAYONTHEJOBTOMORROWI’MGOINGTO19IPROMISETHATISHALLNOTTELLANYONEIFYOUTELLMEWHATYOU’VEBEENSMUGGLING”THEFACTORYWORKERDIDNOTSAYANYTHINGFOR20THENHESMILED,TURNEDTOHENRYANDSAIDQUIETLY“BICYCLES”11ASHOULDBMIGHTCWOULDDMUST12APUSHINGBFILLINGCPULLINGDCARRYING13ATHATBHOWCWHEREDWHETHER14ALUCKYBSUSPECTINGCEXPECTINGDINSISTING15ANOTHINGBEVERYTHINGCSOMETHINGDANYTHING16ACAPABLEBABLECPOSSIBLEDCLEVER17ATHENBASCMOREDLIKE18ACROSSBACROSSCBEHINDDINTO19ARETURNBRETIRECRETREATDREST20ALONGTIMEBMOMENTCPERIODDSOMETIMEⅢ.READINGCOMPREHENSION30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM的答案涂黑。PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGETHEELECTROMAGNETWASINVENTEDINENGLANDBYWILLIAMSTURGEON,WHOTOOKANIRONRODANDBENTITINTOTHESHAPEOFAHORSESHOETHIS“HORSESHOE”WASCOATEDWITHVARNISHANDALAYEROFCOPPERWIREWASWRAPPEDAROUNDITANELECTRICCURRENTWASPASSEDTHROUGHTHEWIRE,THUSMAKINGTHERODMAGNETICTHERODWASNOW,BECAUSEOFMAGNETICATTRACTION,ABLETOSUPPORTNINEPOUNDSOFIRONINTHEUS,ASCIENTISTNAMEDJOSEPHHENRYIMPROVEDONSTURGEON’SELECTROMAGNETBYINSULATINGTHECOPPERWINEWITHSILKHEWASABLETOWRAPMANYTURNSOFWIREAROUNDANIRONCOREWITHOUTDANGEROFSHORTCIRCUITSBETWEENTHETURNSHISMAGNETCOULDHOLD2,300POUNDSTHISEXPERIMENTPROMPTEDHENRYTOTRYHISHANDATCONVERTINGMAGNETISMINTOELECTRICITYFIRSTHECOILEDSOMEINSULATEDWIREAROUNDANIRONBAR,CONNECTINGBOTHENDSOFTHEWIRETOAGALVANOMETER电流表THEIRONBARWASPLACEDACROSSTHEPOLESOFTHEELECTROMAGNETTHENTHECOILOFTHEELECTROMAGNETWASCONNECTEDTOABATTERYTHEGALVANOMETERINDICATEDAVOLTAGE,THENDROPPEDTOZEROHENRYSIGNALEDHISASSISTANTTODISCONNECTTHECOILTHEGALVANOMETERSHOWEDTHATONCEAGAINAVOLTAGEHADBEENPRODUCED,ALTHOUGHTHISTIMEINTHEOPPOSITEDIRECTIONTHEPRINCIPLEOFELECTROMAGNETICINDUCTIONHADTHUSBEENDISCOVEREDUNFORTUNATELYFORJOSEPHHENRYHEDIDNOTPUBLISHHISFINDINGSANDSOMEONEELSEFARADAYGOTTHECREDITFORTHEDISCOVERY21THEPRINCIPLEOFELECTROMAGETICWASDISCOVEREDBY______AWILLIAMSTURGEONBJOSEPHHENRYCFARADAYDSOMEONEELSE22WHYDIDSTURGEON’SELECTROMAGNETCOULDSUPPORTNINEPOUNDSOFIRONABECAUSETHEIRONRODWASBENTINTOTHESHAPEOFA“HORSESHOE”BBECAUSETHERODWASCOATEDWITHVARNISHCBECAUSEALAYEROFCOPPERWIREWASWRAPPEDAROUNDTHERODDBECAUSETHERODWASMADEMAGNETICBYTHEPASSINGCURRENT23WHATISNOTTRUEABOUTHENRY’SELECTROMAGNETAHISMAGNETCOULDHOLD2,300POUNDSBHISMAGNETWASMOREDANGEROUSCTHEREWEREMORETURNSOFWIREAROUNDTHEIRONRODINHISMAGNETDHISMAGNETWASANIMPROVEDMODEL24INHENRY’SEXPERIMENT,HECONNECTEDTHEWIRETO______AAGALVANOMETERBANIRONBARCABATTERYDANELECTROMAGNET25INHENRY’SEXPERIMENT,THEGALVANOMETERINDICATEDAVOLTAGEWHEN______ATHECOILWASCONNECTEDTOABATTERYBTHECOILWASDISCONNECTEDTOABATTERYCNEITHERANORBDBOTHAANDBPASSAGETWOQUESTIONS26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGESTUDENTSWHOSCOREHIGHINACHIEVEMENTNEEDSTENDTOMAKEHIGHERGRADESINCOLLEGETHANTHOSEWHOSCORELOWWHENDEGREEAPTITUDEFORCOLLEGEWORK,ASINDICATEDBYCOLLEGEENTRANCEEXAMINATIONBOARDTESTS,ISCONSTANT,ENGINEERINGSTUDENTSWHOSCOREHIGHINACHIEVEMENTNEEDSTENDTOMAKEHIGHERGRADESINCOLLEGETHANTHEAPTITUDETESTSCORESWOULDINDICATEWECANDEFINETHISNEEDASTHEHABITUALDESIRETODOUSEFULWORKWELLITISASALIENTINFLUENCECHARACTERISTICOFTHOSEWHONEEDLITTLESUPERVISIONTHEIRDESIREFORACCOMPLISHMENTISASTRONGERMOTIVATIONTHANANYSTIMULATIONTHESUPERVISIONCANPROVIDEINDIVIDUALSWHOFUNCTIONINTERMSOFTHISDRIVEDONOT“BLUFF”INREGARDTOAJOBTHATTHEYFAILTODOWELLSOMEEMPLOYEESHAVEASTRONGDRIVEFORSUCCESSINTHEIRWORK;OTHERSARESATISFIEDWHENTHEYMAKEALIVINGTHOSEWHOWANTTOFEELTHATTHEYARESUCCESSESHAVEHIGHASPIRATIONFORTHEMSELVESTHOUGHTSCONCERNINGTHEACHIEVEMENTDRIVEAREOFTENPROMINENTINTHEEVALUATIONSMADEBYTHETYPICALEMPLOYMENTINTERVIEWERWHOINTERVIEWSCOLLEGESENIORSFOREXECUTIVETRAININGHEWANTSTOFINDOUTWHETHERTHESENIORHASASTRONGDRIVETOGETAHEADORMERELYTOHOLDAJOBRESEARCHINDICATESTHATSOMEWHODOGETAHEADHAVEANEVENSTRONGERDRIVETOAVOIDFAILURE26WHATISTHEMAINSUBJECTOFTHISPASSAGEASTUDENTGRADESINCOLLEGEBINDIVIDUALMOTIVATIONFORWORKCTHEACHIEVEMENTNEEDSOFENGINEERINGSTUDENTSDSUCCESSFULINTERVIEWTECHNIQUES27WHATISINTERESTINGABOUTENGINEERINGSTUDENTSWHOSCOREHIGHINACHIEVEMENTNEEDSATHEIRGRADESTENDTOBEHIGHERTHANTHOSEOFOTHERSTUDENTSBTHEIRCOLLEGEGRADESAREOFTENUNUSUALLYGOODCTHEYSHOWAHIGHAPTITUDEFORCOLLEGEWORKDTHEYALSOACHIEVEHIGHSCORESINTHECOLLEGEENTRANCEEXAMINATIONBOARDTESTS28ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,INDIVIDUALSWITHASTRONGDRIVETOSUCCEED______AACCEPTRESPONSIBILITYFORTHEMSELVESBBLAMEOTHERSIFTHEYFAILCAREMOTIVATEDBYSTIMULATIONFROMASUPERVISORDPRETENDEDTHEYHAVEN’TFAILEDWHENTHEYHAVE29WHATQUALITYDOEMPLOYMENTINTERVIEWERSLOOKFORINCOLLEGESENIORSFOREXECUTIVETRAININGAABILITYTOHOLDDOWNAJOBBHIGHACHIEVEMENTNEEDSCCAPACITYTOWORKHARDDCONSTANTAPTITUDEFORWORK30WHATMOTIVATESSOMESENIORSTOSUCCEEDATHEYAREAFRAIDOFFAILINGBTHEYLIKELIVINGWELLCTHEYWANTTOBECOMEEXECUTIVESDTHEYWISHTODORESEARCHWORKPASSAGETHREEQUESTIONS31TO35AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEITISAFAVORABLETHINGTOLOOKBACKATSOMEOFTHEREFORMSWHICHHAVELONGBEENANACCEPTEDPARTOFOURLIFE,ANDTOEXAMINETHEOPPOSITION,USUALLYBITTERANDVERYSTRANGE,SOMETIMESDISHONESTBUTALLTOOOFTENHONEST,WHICHHADTOBECOUNTEREDBYTHERESTLESSADVOCATESOF“GRANDMOTHERLY”LAWTHEREFORMSTREATEDINTHISBOOKARENOTTHEWELLKNOWNMEASURESLIKETHEABOLITIONOFSLAVERY,THEREFORMOFPARLIAMENT,THEVOTEOFWOMENWHICHARERECORDEDINTHESTANDARDHISTORYBOOKSHEREARESOMEOFTHELESSFAMILIARSTRUGGLESWHICH,WITHONEORTWOEXCEPTIONS,SOCIALHISTORIANSHAVETENDEDTODISMISSBRIEFLYYETTHESEOLDCONTROVERSIESGIVENOLESSREVEALINGANINSIGHTINTOTHEMINDSOFOURGRANDFATHERSTHANDOTHEMAJORISSUESOFTHELASTCENTURYTHEPULSEOFAGENERATIONCANBETAKENJUSTASEFFECTIVELYBYCONSIDERINGITSATTITUDESTOTHEMARRYINGOFDEADWIVES’SISTERS,TOTHEFETCHINGOFFATHER’SBEEROREVENTOTHESWEEPINGOFCHIMNEYSSOMEOFTHEREFORMSDEALTWITHWERECARRIEDOUTWITHINLIVINGMEMORY;NONEISOLDERTHANTHENINETEENTHCENTURYTHEYHAVEBEENSELECTEDFORTHEVARIETYOFTHEIRBACKGROUNDANDFORTHEFERTILITYSTATEOFBEINGFERTILEANDSTIMULUSOFTHEOPPOSITIONAGAINSTTHEMMISGUIDEDANDCOMPLETELYUNREASONABLETHOUGHSOMEOFTHISOPPOSITIONNOWAPPEARS,ITISDOUBTFULWHETHERITWILLSEEMANYMOREPECULIAR,ONEHUNDREDYEARSHENCE,THANSOMEOFTHEREASONSWEPRODUCETODAYFORCONTINUALHARDSHIPANDINJUSTICEOURANCESTORSTHOUGHTITSTRANGETHATWIVESSHOULDWISHTOKEEPTHEIROWNEARNINGS;OURDESCENDANTSMAYBEASTONISHEDATOURSYSTEMWHICHFORCESAMANTOMAINTAINAWOMAN,SOMETIMESFORLIFE,AFTERAHOPELESSMARRIAGEHASBEENDISRUPTEDITISLIKELYTHATOURDESCENDANTSWILLDERIVEASMUCHHEARTLESSFUNFROMTHOUGHTOFOURDIVORCELAWS,ANDTHEREASONSWEUSETODEFENDTHEMTHEYMAYALSOTHINKTHATTHEINDIFFERENCEOFTHENINETEENTHCENTURYTODEATHANDSUFFERINGINTHEMILLSWASFULLYMATCHEDBYTHATOFTHETWENTIETHCENTURYTODEATHANDSUFFERINGONTHEHIGHWAYS31THEAUTHORSAYSOFTHEREFORMSTHATWETAKEFORGRANTEDTHAT______AITISGOODTOLOOKATTHEARGUMENTSAGAINSTTHEMBITISGOODTHATTHEYHAVEBEENACCEPTEDCTHEYWEREHEALTHIERTHANWENOWAPPRECIATEDWESHOULDSTUDYTHEALTERNATIVE32THETROUBLEWITHTHEPEOPLEWHOWEREAGAINSTREFORMSINTHEPASTWASTHAT______ATHEYWEREWELLMEANINGINTOOMANYCASESBALLOFTHEMWERETOOFREQUENTLYSINCERECTHEYCOULDONLYBESUCCESSFULLYOPPOSEDBYLAWYERSDTHEYWERENERVOUS33THEARGUMENTOVERTHEREFORMS______AWEREABOUTREFORMSWITHMOREIMPORTANTRESULTSTHANOTHERREFORMSBCONCERNEDREFORMSEQUALLYASIMPORTANTASANYOTHERREFORMSCAREMOREINSTRUCTIVETHANOTHERARGUMENTSDAREINSTRUCTIVEASREGARDSTHENINETEENTHCENTURY34ASREGARDSDIFFERENTGENERATIONS’ATTITUDES,PERHAPS______AOURDESCENDANTS’OPPOSITIONTOREFORMWILLBEASABSURDASOURSBOURANCESTORS’OBJECTIONSTOREFORMWILLSEEMJUSTIFIEDTOOURDESCENDANTSCOURCASEAGAINSTREFORMSISEVENMOREBLINDTHANOURANCESTORS’DOURARGUMENTSAGAINSTREFORMAREASUNREASONABLEASOURANCESTORS’35THEAUTHORBELIEVESTHATINTHEFUTUREPEOPLEWILLBESURPRISEDTHATINOURPRESENTSOCIETY______AMENAREEXPECTEDTOKEEPTHEIRWIVESWITHTHEMEVENAFTERAMARRIAGEHASBROKENDOWNBMENHAVETOPAYMONEYTOTHEIRWIVESEVENAFTERSEPARATIONCWOMENDONOTSHARETHEIRHUSBANDS’EARNINGSDWOMENEXPECTTOBESUPPORTEDBYTHEIRMENPARTTWOⅣWORDSPELLING10POINTS,1POINTFORTWOITEMS请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36最佳的;最有利的AO____________37发射;发动VL__________38伤残的;残疾的AD______________39滥用;妄用VA________40多媒体NM__________________41有缺点的;有缺陷的AD________________42得到;获得VA____________43促进;提升VP____________44富裕的;丰富的AW____________45忠诚;忠心NL____________46经历;忍受VU____________47反射;反映;思考NR__________________48令人厌烦的AB__________49检查官;起诉人NP__________________50专家NS__________________51种族的AR__________52不可避免的;必然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