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2005年7月自考公共英语二模拟试题二考试吧http//www.exam8.com来源华夏大地自考网点击数更新时间20056181.Onewaytopreservespecies______thethreatofextinctionistoremovethemtozoosandparks.A.inB.onC.underD.with解析考点是固定搭配underthethreatof在.的威胁下。2.Althoughshedidntmentionanynames,everyoneknewwhoshewas______to.A.meantB.regardingC.investigationD.referring解析词组referto指的是.meanto企图regard认为investigation调查3.Iwassurprisedtofindthatthecomputercould______avastnumberofdifferenttasks.A.performB.createC.displayD.explain解析perform做,完成,屡行performtasks完成任务create创造display显示,展示explain解释。4.Thecomputerhasbroughtaboutsurprisingtechnologicalchanges______weorganizeandproduceinformation.A.inawayB.inthewayC.inthatwayD.innoway解析intheway在.方面inaway从某种意义上说,在某种程度上inthatway以那种方式innoway决不,一点也不。5.TheFrenchpianistwhohadbeenpraisedveryhighly______tobeagreatdisappointment.A.turnedupB.turnedoutC.turnedinD.turneddown解析turnout结果证明是,结果是。turnup出现turnin上交出卖turndown拒绝。这句话的意思是那个曾经受到很高评价的法国钢琴家结果却令人大失所望。6.Itwasdifficulttoguesswhather______tothenewswouldbe.A.impressionB.reactionC.commentD.opinion解析本题是词汇辨析题,reaction反应(后接介词to,意思是对.的反应,这句话的意思是难说她对这个消息会有怎样的反应。impression印象(后接of,about或on,意义为对.的印象comment评论后接介词on,upon或aboutopinion评价(后接介词of,about或on)7.______isknowntotheworld,MarkTwainisagreatAmericanwriter.A.ThatB.WhichC.AsD.It解析本题是语法结构题,考点是as引导的定语从句。这句话的意思是众所周知,马克.吐温是一位伟大的美国作家。As引导的定语从句经常和such,same等词连用,或经常用在asisknowntous,asisexpected,asmightbeexpected,asisoftenthecase等句型中。8.Evidencecameup______specificspeechsoundsarerecognizedbybabiesasyoungas6monthsold.A.whatB.whichC.thatD.whose解析本题是语法结构题,考点是that引导的同位语从句,先行词是evidence。这句话的意思是有证据表明,出生仅6个月的婴儿就能辨别一定的语音。同位语从句与先行词是等同关系,先行词多为表示事实、看法、思想、消息等的名词。常见的有fact,idea,belief,thought,hope,evidence,doubt,news等。9.Therobotsusedinnuclearpowerplantscanpreventhumanpersonnelfrombeing______toradiation.A.releasedB.disclosedC.revealedD.exposed解析本题是词汇辨析题,考点是expose.to使暴露于使.接触.本题的意思是在核工厂使用的机器人可以使人不接触辐射。prevent.fromdoingsth.阻止某人不..release释放disclose泄露,揭露reveal揭示10.______,theybegantogetdowntobusiness.A.TheholidaysareoverB.TheholidayswereoverC.TheholidaysbeingoverD.TheholidayshadbeenoverⅡ.ClozeTestAmericanbusinessisbasedontheprofitmotive.Somakenomistake.Thecompanyyouwork11willhavesomemethodofmeasuringemployeeproductivity.Yourfuturetherewilldependon12yourate.Productivityisrelativelyeasytomeasureinsomecases.13acollegestudent,youroverallproductivitywasmeasuredbyyourgradepointaverage.Hourlyworkers,14assemblylineoperators,areusuallymeasuredbythe15ofitemsproducedinagivenamountoftime.Measuringtheproductivityofsomeserviceandmanagementpersonnelis16difficultbecauseofthemanyfactorstobeconsidered.Newemployeesare17expectedtoperformattheirmaximumpotential.Abreakinperiodisallowed,18canbeseveralweeks,dependingonthejob.Bythetimeofyourfirstperformanceevaluation,youshould19averageproductivity.Thenyoushouldtrytoreachyour20.11.A.forB.outC.toD.on答案A解析Youworkfor是定语从句修饰Thecompany,workfor的意思是为工作。这句话的意思是你为之工作的公司会有一些测量员工工作效率的方法。12.A.whatB.howC.whereD.when答案B[解析]在这个句子中rate动词,意思是评价、评估的意思。Dependon后面用宾语从句做介词on的宾语。本句话的意思是你的未来将取决于你是怎样评价的。13.A.ForB.withC.ToD.As答案D[解析]Asacollegestudent作为一个大学生,在这个句子中as做介词。14.A.exceptforB.suchasC.inadditiontoD.aswellas答案B[解析]suchas是例如的意思,表示举例说明。exceptfor的意思是除了,除之外,inadditionto意思也是除了,除之外,aswellas表示也以及15.A.AqualityB.figureC.sumD.whole答案C[解析]quality意思是质量,figure数字,数sum总计,合计、总数whole整个,整体。这句话的意思是小时工,比如集中生产线的操作工,他们通常是以单位时间里所生产的产品总数来衡量工作效率。16.A.moreB.lessC.thesameD.similarly答案A[解析]此处要填一个比较级,根据上下文的意思我们可以判断出要填more,这句话的意思是衡量服务人员和管理人员的工作效率就更难了,因为有许多因素要考虑。17.A.neverB.rarelyC.oftenD.always答案B[解析]根据上下文我们可以知道,一般开始时几乎不要求新员工充分发挥潜力,等到第一次评估以后才要求新员工要尽量发挥潜力,因此选rarely。18.A.itB.thatC.whichD.what答案[解析]which引导了非限定性定语从句,that不能引导非限定性定语从句。19.A.reachB.havereachedC.bereachingD.bereached答案B[解析]shouldhavereached是情态动词的完成形式,从上下文看,有一个非常明显的词Bythetime,一般句子中有这个词,那么句子的时态经常用完成时。20.A.destinationB.objectiveC.potentialD.conclusionⅢ.ReadingComprehensionBillGateschildhoodfriendsrecognizedthathewasexceptional.Billespeciallylikedswimmingandothersports.Oneofhissummercampfriendsrecalled,Hewasneveranerdoragoof(傻瓜、笨蛋)orthekindofkidyoudidntwantyourteam.WeallknewBillwassmarterthanus.Evenbackthen,whenhewasnineortenyearsold,hetalkedlikeanadultandcouldexpresshimselfinwaysthatnoneofusunderstood.Billwasalsowellaheadofhisclassmatesinmathematicsandscience.Heneededtogotoaschoolthatchallenged(向挑战)him.LakesidewasSeattlesbestschoolandwasnotedforitsrigorous(严厉的)academicdemands,aplacewhereeventhedumbkidsweresmart.Lakesideallowedstudentstopursuetheirowninterests,towhateverextenttheywished.Theschoolprideditselfonmakingconditionsandfacilitiesavailablethatwouldenableallitsstudentstoreachtheirfullpotential.ItwastheidealenvironmentforsomeonelikeBillGates.In1968,theschoolmadeadecisionthatwouldchangethirteenyearoldBillGateslifeandthatofmanyofothers,too.AtLakesidethestudentsgainedaccesstoacomputeraProgramDataprocessorPDPthroughateletypemachine.TypeinafewinstructionsontheteletypemachineandafewsecondslaterthePDPwouldtypebackitsresponse.BillGateswasimmediatelyhookedandsowashisbestfriendatthetime,KentEvans,andanotherstudent,PaulAllen,whowastwoyearsolderthanBill.Whenevertheyhadfreetime,andsometimeswhentheydidnt,theywoulddashovertothecomputerroomtousethemachine.Atfourteen,Billwasalreadywritingshortprogramsforthecomputertoperform.EarlygamesprogramssuchasTicTacToe,orNoughtsandCrosses,andLunarLandingwerewritteninwhatwastobecomeBillssecondlanguage,BASIC.OneofthereasonsBillwassogoodatprogrammingisbecauseitismathematicalandlogical.DuringhistimeatLakeside,Billscoredaperfecteighthundredonamathematicstest.21.ThefirstparagraphtellsusthatlittleBillGates______.A.wasdifferentfromotherchildrenB.hadasmartermindthanotherchildrenofthesameageC.couldntbeunderstoodbyhisfriendsandevenhisparentsD.wasdifficultofapproach答案B解析此题是细节题。根据文章第一段Hewasneveranerdoragooforthekindofkidyoudidntwantyourteam.WeallknewBillwassmarterthanus.此句意思是他从来不是笨蛋或傻瓜,也不是那种你不想与之游玩的人。大家都清楚比尔比我们都聪明。选项A没有说明他确切的不同之处,其它两个选项均不符合原文内容。22.BillGateschoseLakesidetogotoNOTbecause______.A.ithadexcellenteducationinSeattleB.ithadanexceptionalconceptthatwastodevelopstudentspotentialasmuchaspossibleC.itprovidedconditionsandequipmentnecessaryforstudentsD.ithaddecidedtoadmithim答案D[解析]此题是细节题。根据文章第二、三段我们可以知道Lakeside湖滨学校以它严厉的学术要求而著称,另外还允许学生发展自己的兴趣,最大限度地挖掘学生的潜力。Billwasalsowellaheadofhisclassmatesinmathematicsandscience.Heneededtogotoaschoolthatchallenged(向挑战)him.此句意思是比尔在数学方面也领先于其他同学,他需要上一所具有挑战性的学校。从该句我们可判断D不对,正是他的优秀,学校才决定录取他。23.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat______.A.LakesidewasamilestoneinthecourseofBillGatessuccessB.BillpursuedhisinterestinmathematicsatLakesideC.BillbegantodoprogramminglikesomeearlygamesknownD.Billssuccessisduetohismathematicalandlogicalmind答案A[解析]从inferred一词得知此题是推理题,该题型首先排除文章原文字面提到的内容。我们可根据全文推理出湖滨学校在比尔盖茨的成功过程中是一个里程碑(举足轻重),另外In1968,theschoolmadeadecisionthatwouldchangethirteenyearoldBillGateslifeandthatofmanyofothers,too.也可说明正是湖滨学校的这一决定改变了十三岁的比尔盖茨的生活,故应选A。24.Thewordhookedmostprobablyrefersto______.A.dependantB.caughtbyacurvedthingC.havingagreatlikingforD.curving答案C[解析]此题是语义题。主要测试考生通过上下文理解词语的综合判断能力,备选答案中三个干扰项从不同角度对该词进行似是而非的改写。hook作为名词表示(钓)钩,作动词表用钩钩住,从下文Whenevertheyhadfreetime,andsometimeswhentheydidnt,theywoulddashovertothecomputerroomtousethemachine可猜出hooked指的是着迷的。故C对。25.Thepassageismainlydiscussing____.A.BillGatesboyhoodB.LakesideSchoolC.BillGatesD.BillGatesandLakesideⅣ.ReadingComprehensionFromtheearliesttimestherearerecordsofdolphins海豚helpingandcaringformen.Althoughtheycanevenkillsharks,theyhaveneverbeenknowntoattackahumanbeing,rathertheyhavehelpedmenindifficultyonthesea.Dolphinsbrainsare30percentlargerthanthoseofpeople,andareequallycomplex.Duringexperimentsdolphinshavelearnttoperformtasksthatrequirelogicalreasoning,sotheirintelligenceisunquestionable.Furthermore,fossilevidencerevealsthattheyhavehadtheirlargerbrainsforthirtymillionyears,comparedtoaroundamillionyearsforman.Thedolphinancestorslivedupontheland,anddolphinsaremammals(哺乳动物)likeus,theyfeedtheirbabiesonmilk,andbreatheairlikeus.Theyappeartocareforeachother,forexampleifadolphinisill,itscompanionswillhelpituptotheairsothatitcanbreathe.Thesoundstheymakealsoappeartobesomekindofcommunication.Itseemsthatwehavediscoveredananimalthatmaybeclosetousinintelligence,andfurthermoreonethatisfriendly,cooperative,andwhichhasemotionssimilartoourown.HowdowetreattheseanimalsSofarmanhaskilledsixmilliondolphins,andeveryyeartensofthousandsmorearekilled.26.WhichofthefollowingstatementsbestexpressesthemainideaofthepassageA.Dolphinsarehumanbeingsbestfriends.B.Dolphinshavelargerbrainsthanthatofhumanbeings.C.Dolphinsareascleverashumanbeings.D.Dolphinsarequiteclosetohumanbeingsinmanyways.答案D[解析]此题是要旨题,提问的是文章的中心大意。就自学考试而言,文章或段落的主旨通常以主题句的形式出现。那么如何辨别主题句呢文章的主题句一般是文章的第一句,但有时也出现在文章的中部或甚至文章尾部。本篇文章的主题句即出现在第三自然段的开头。在这篇文章中,作者在第一自然段中谈到了海豚的智力跟人类的十分相似,在第二自然段中又谈到海豚的生活方式跟人类的也有很多相似之处。故D是正确答案。27.Wecanlearnfromthefirstparagraphthat______A.Dolphinshavesmallerbrainsthanthatofmen.B.Dolphinshavehadtheirintelligencenotaslongasmen.C.Dolphinshavehadtheirintelligencethirtytimesaslongasmen.D.Dolphinsaremuchmorecleverthanmen.答案C[解析]这是一个细节理解题,考的是第一自然段中的一个细节。第一自然段的前部分讲到Dolphinsbrainsare30percentlargerthanthoseofpeople,andareequallycomplex.(海豚的大脑比人类的大30,而且跟人类大脑的复杂程度差不多),故A),D)均不正确。第一段最后一句话讲到fossil(化石)evidencerevealsthattheyhavehadtheirlargerbrainsforthirtymillionyears,comparedtoaroundamillionyearsforman.(从海豚的化石证据显示,他们拥有这么大型的头脑已有3千万年的历史了,而我们人类的头脑只有一百万年的历史。)C为正确答案。28.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat_____.A.Dolphinsbrainsaremuchlargerandmorecomplicatedthanthatofmen.B.Dolphinsareabletodisplaytheabilityofreasoning.C.Dolphinscanplaymusiclikehumanbeings.D.Dolphinsoftenheldtheirbabiesuptobreathefreshair.答案B[解析]从inferred一词得知此题是推理题。此题的推理依据是文章第一段,Duringexperimentsdolphinshavelearnttoperformtasksthatrequirelogicalreasoning(在实验过程中,海豚们学会了做那些需要逻辑推理才能完成的工作)。由此我们可以判断出,海豚是能够有推理能力的,故选B。29.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassageA.Thoughdolphinisakindoffish,itcanbreatheairlikeus.B.Dolphinsoftenkillsharksforfood.C.Dolphinsprobablycommunicatewitheachotherthroughakindofsound.D.Dolphinshaveformedtheirowngroupsandtheyhelponlythemembersinthesamegroup.答案C[解析]这是一个细节理解题,从第二段的最后一句可以得知Thesoundstheymakealsoappeartobesomekindofcommunication.(他们发出的声音似乎就是一种交流的方式),故应选C。30.WhatwouldthenextparagraphprobablytalkaboutA.Whydolphinsareasintelligentashumanbeings.B.Howthedolphinshelpandcaremeninmoderntimes.C.HowthedolphinswerekilledforcommercialpurposesandwhatweshoulddotoprotectthemD.Whatmorediscoveriesscientistshavemadeaboutdolphins.Ⅴ.ReadingComprehensionThatMondaymorningfeelingcouldbeacrushingpaininthechestwhichleavesyousweatingandgaspingforbreathe.RecentresearchfromGermanyandItalyshowsthatheartattacksaremorecommononMondaymorningsanddoctorsblamethestressofreturningtoworkaftertheweekendbreak.Theriskofhavingaheartattackonanygivendayshouldbeoneinseven,butasixyearstudyrevealedthattheaveragepersonhada20percenthigherchanceofhavingaheartattackonaMondaythanonanyotherday.WorkingGermansareparticularlyvulnerable敏感的,脆弱的,witha33percenthigherriskatthebeginningoftheworkingweek.Nonworkers,bycomparison,appeartobenomoreatriskonaMondaythananyotherday.Anotherstudyof11,000Italiansidentified8am.onaMondaymorningasthemoststressfultimefortheheart.andbothstudiesshowedthatSundayistheleaststressfulday,withfewerheartattacksinbothcountries.TheresearchalsoindicatesthattheMondaymorningpeakseemstobeconsistentfromnorthernGermanytosouthernItalyinspiteofthedifferencesindietandlifestyle.Thefindingscouldleadtoabetterunderstandingofwhattriggers(触发,激起)heartattacks,accordingtoDr.StefanWillich.Weknowalotaboutlongtermriskfactorssuchassmokingandcholesterol(胆固醇)butwedontknowwhatactuallytriggersheartattacks,sowecantmakespecificrecommendationsabouthowtopreventthem,hesaid.However,hesuggeststhatanyonewhosuffersfromheartdiseaseshouldtakeiteasyonMondaymorningsandleavepotentiallystressfulmeetingsuntilmidweek.31.WhatisthemainideaofthepassageA.Mondaymorningisalwayspainful.B.Mondaymorningtriggersheartattack.C.TherearemoreheartattacksonMondaymornings.D.ThereismorestressonMondaymornings.答案C[解析]此题是要旨题,提问的是文章的中心大意。要旨题的目的在于考查学生对文章中心思想的理解程度和区别主要信息和次要信息的能力。要旨是一篇文章的核心,是作者写作意图的体现,其表现形式因体裁不同而不同。就自学考试而言,文章的要旨通常以主题句的形式出现,并且文章的主题句通常出现在文章的开头部分。本文就属此类文章。本文的主题句出现在第一段第二句话,故C是正确答案。32.WhoaremorelikelytohaveheartattacksonMondaymorningsaccordingtothestudyA.researchersB.ItaliansC.nonworkersD.workingGermans答案D[解析]这是一个细节理解题,答案可以从文中第二段直接找到。作者在第二段中具体介绍了研究的结果。研究的对象是德国人和意大利人,研究表明,工作的德国人在周一心脏病的发作机率是最高的,不工作的德国人周一和平时没有什么不同对意大利人的研究指出周一早上八点是最危险的时间点。由此可知,D为正确答案。33.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassageA.TheriskofhavingheartattacksonMondaymorningsisthesameasonanyotherdayoftheweektononworkersB.33oftheGermanshaveheartdiseases,thereforeheartattacksaremorecommoninGermanythaninanyothercountry.C.20oftheItaliansappeartohavehigherpossibilityofhavingheartattacks.D.NonsmokersaremorelikelytohaveheartattacksonSundays.答案A
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