外文翻译电子信息工程专业.txt外文翻译电子信息工程专业.txt

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概述OVERVIEW电气工程及其自动化的触角伸向各行各业,小到一个开关的设计,大到宇航飞机的研究,都有它的身影。ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONTENTACLESALLWALKSOFLIFE,SMALLTOASWITCHDESIGNEDTOSTUDYAEROSPACEAIRCRAFT,HASITSSHADOW本专业生能够从事与电气工程有关的系统运行、自动控制、电力电子技术、信息处理、试验技术、研制开发、经济管理以及电子与计算机技术应用等领域的工作,是宽口径“复合型”高级工程技术人才。HEALTHPROFESSIONALSCANBEENGAGEDINTHEELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDOPERATIONOFTHESYSTEM,AUTOMATICCONTROL,POWERELECTRONICSTECHNOLOGY,INFORMATIONPROCESSING,TESTINGTECHNOLOGY,RESEARCHANDDEVELOPMENT,ECONOMICMANAGEMENT,ANDELECTRONICANDCOMPUTERTECHNOLOGYAPPLICATIONSINAREASSUCHASTHEWORKIS宽口径COMPOUNDHIGHENGINEERINGANDTECHNICALPERSONNEL该领域对高水平人才的需求很大。HIGHLEVELTALENTSINTHEFIELDOFHIGHDEMAND据估计,随着国外大企业的进入,在这一专业领域将出现很大缺口,那时很可能出现人才供不应求的现象。ITISESTIMATEDTHATWITHTHEENTRYOFLARGEFOREIGNENTERPRISESINTHEFIELDSOFEXPERTISEWILLBEABIGGAP,THENTHEREISLIKELYTOPERSONNELSHORTAGE一、专业综合介绍FIRST,ASYNTHESISOFPROFESSIONAL电气工程及其自动化专业是电气信息领域的一门新兴学,人的生以及工业生关,发,现在对。ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONOFELECTRICALINFORMATIONPROFESSIONALISANEMERGINGFIELDOFSCIENCE,BUTBECAUSEOFPEOPLESDAILYLIVESANDINDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONISCLOSELYRELATEDTOTHEEXTRAORDINARILYRAPIDDEVELOPMENTOFRELATIVELYMOREMATURENOW经高新技术业的,应用工业、业、国等领域,在国经济发着⁄⁄的作用。HIGHTECHINDUSTRYHASBECOMEANIMPORTANTCOMPONENTOFTHEWIDELYUSEDININDUSTRY,AGRICULTURE,NATIONALDEFENSEANDOTHERFIELDS,INTHENATIONALECONOMYISPLAYINGANINCREASINGLYIMPORTANTROLE控制理Ƒ电力理Ƒ是电气工程及自动化专业的CURRENCY1,电力电子技术、计算机技术“其技术‹›,FI时FL–系统†、系统设计、系统开发以及系统管理与‡等研究领域。CONTROLTHEORYANDELECTRICALNETWORKTHEORYISAPROFESSIONALELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONOFTHEBASE,POWERELECTRONICSTECHNOLOGY,COMPUTERTECHNOLOGYISITSMAINTECHNICALMEANS,BUTALSOINCLUDESASYSTEMANALYSIS,SYSTEMDESIGN,SYSTEMDEVELOPMENTANDSYSTEMMANAGEMENTANDDECISIONMAKINGRESEARCH该专业有一‚,„是”电合、电工电子技术合、‰与合,有学的ˆ˜,电力、电子、控制、计算机学综合,˘˙业生有”的应能力,是“宽口径”专业。THEREARESOMECHARACTERISTICSOFTHEPROFESSION,THATIS,COMBININGTHESTRENGTHOFPOWER,ELECTRICALANDELECTRONICTECHNOLOGY,SOFTWAREANDHARDWARECOMBINEDWITHACROSSDISCIPLINARYNATURE,ELECTRICITY,ELECTRONICS,CONTROL,COMPUTERINTEGRATEDMULTIDISCIPLINARY,SOTHATGRADUATESWITHSTRONGADAPTATIONCAPACITY,IS宽口径PROFESSIONAL电气工程及其自动化专业对大生有很”的˚力,˝门专业,高˛ˇ其专业向高,这一的有„业,工作,入高,专业对学生有˚力ŁŒƑ向对其有。ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONOFTHEMAJORITYOFCANDIDATESHAVEASTRONGAPPEAL,AREPOPULARPROFESSIONAL,COLLEGEENTRANCEEXAMINATIONADMISSIONTHANISOFTENHIGHINMANYOTHERPROFESSIONALDIRECTION,RESULTINGINTHESITUATIONOFTHEMAINREASONSJOBEASIER,AGOOD①WORKINGENVIRONMENT,INCOMEHIGH;THENAMEOFGOOD,PROFESSIONALCONTENT②ATTRACTIVETOSTUDENTS;SOCIALADVOCACYANDPUBLICOPINIONINHISFAVOR该专业向有着的发,研究向现I,ŁŒ可。THEDIRECTIONOFTHEPROFESSIONHASAVERYGOODDEVELOPMENTPROSPECTS,RESEARCHPRODUCTSMOREEASILYCONVERTEDTOREALITY,ANDCONSIDERABLEBENEFITSˆ的研究˚着生,这里的确是示才能的地。HISRESEARCHANDCREATIVEIDEASTOATTRACTALARGENUMBEROFCANDIDATES,WHERETHEYCANREALLYSHOWAGOODPLACE是鉴国现在的形式,生在报该专业的时候应该注意以下两‚HOWEVER,INVIEWOFTHEDOMESTICFORMOFTHEPRESENTCANDIDATESINTIMETOAPPLYTHEPROFESSIONSHOULDPAYATTENTIONTOTHEFOLLOWINGTWOPOINTS1充虑自己的兴趣。1GIVEFULLCONSIDERATIONTOTHEIRINTERESTS自己本并不对该向感兴趣,是人都说,是自己„“感兴趣”–。PERHAPSTHEIRINTERESTWASNOTTHEDIRECTION,BUTMANYPEOPLESAYTHATGOOD,SOTHEYAREINTERESTEDINTHE这对以后的发是很不的,˙竟兴趣是最的老师。THISFUTUREDEVELOPMENTISVERYNEGATIVE,AFTERALL,INTERESTEDINISTHEBESTTEACHER2衡量自己的综合素˜。2TOMEASURETHEOVERALLQUALITYOFTHEIROWN电气工程及自动化专业需有扎的学、物理CURRENCY1,”的外语综合能力,今后能够掌握并灵运用专业知识做准备。ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONWITHASOLIDPROFESSIONALNEEDSOFMATHEMATICS,PHYSICSBASISFORASTRONGCOMPREHENSIVEFOREIGNLANGUAGECAPABILITIES,FORFUTUREFLEXIBILITYINTHEUSEOFANDACCESSTOEXPERTISETOPREPARE该专业向的人才需求虽然大,可供选择的人很,如没有”的综合素˜,很难在人之脱颖出,ˇ得突出绩。THEDEMANDFORPROFESSIONALTALENTWHILETHEDIRECTION,BUTTOCHOOSEALOTOFPEOPLE,IFTHEREISNOOVERALLQUALITYISVERYSTRONG,ITISDIFFICULTTOSTANDOUTAMONGTHEPEOPLE,HAVEACHIEVEDOUTSTANDINGRESULTS这对胸怀远大志向的生说是不能接受的。THISMAYCHERISHLOFTYASPIRATIONSOFMANYOFTHECANDIDATESISUNACCEPTABLEŒ然,这里所说的两‚是否可行学生个人的追求有关,如一个人追求仅限一份的工作,该专业的确是一个不错的选择。OFCOURSE,THETWOPOINTSMENTIONEDHEREANDALSOTHEFEASIBILITYOFTHEPURSUITOFINDIVIDUALSTUDENTS,ANDIFAPERSONISLIMITEDTOTHEPURSUITOFABETTERWORK,THEPROFESSIONISINDEEDAGOODCHOICE是,如想在技新面做出突破ˆ的贡献是建立在个人力以及刻苦努力的CURRENCY1上,馅饼是‡不无缘无故从天上掉下的。HOWEVER,IFYOUWANTTOMAKEABREAKTHROUGHINSCIENTIFICANDTECHNOLOGICALINNOVATIONORCONTRIBUTIONTOTHEESTABLISHMENTOFPERSONALSTRENGTHANDHARDWORKONTHEBASISOFTHEPIEFORNOREASONATALLWILLNOTCOMEKNOCKINGONTHEDOOR本专业研究范围,应用,˙业生的专业素养对高,此„业形势。BECAUSEOFTHISWIDERANGEOFPROFESSIONALRESEARCH,APPLICATIONS,ANDPROFESSIONALGRADUATESISRELATIVELYHIGH,SOTHEEMPLOYMENTSITUATIONISVERYGOOD我国现在需该专业向的人才,小到一个家庭,大到整个Ł,都离不开这专业人才的工作。OURCOUNTRYISNOWAGREATNEEDFORTHEDIRECTIONOFTHEPROFESSIONALPERSONNEL,ASSMALLASAFAMILYASLARGEASTHEWHOLECOMMUNITYCANNOTBESEPARATEDFROMTHEWORKOFTHESEPROFESSIONALS通下,学生˙业后可以选择国有的˜量技术监督门、研究所、工矿企业等可以是一外资、私营企业,待遇Œ然是Œ可的。UNDERNORMALCIRCUMSTANCES,STUDENTSCANCHOOSETHESTATEAFTERGRADUATINGFROMTHEQUALITYANDTECHNOLOGYSUPERVISIONDEPARTMENT,RESEARCHINSTITUTES,INDUSTRIALANDMININGENTERPRISES,ETC;ALSOCANBEANUMBEROFFOREIGNINVESTMENT,THEPRIVATESECTOR,THETREATMENTISCONSIDERABLE如学生能力足够”,又在学习期间积累–的研究,完全可以自己业,闯出一片自己的天空。IFENOUGHSTUDENTS,ANDALSOINTHELEARNINGACCUMULATEDDURINGTHERELATIVELYGOODRESULTS,CANBEOUROWNBUSINESS,BREAKAPIECEOFTHESKYBELONGSTOTHEM需指出的是,国外在该专业向的研究领先我,此如想有进一步的发,确立自己在国该向的领先地位,出国深是一个不错的选择。ITSHOULDBENOTEDTHATASARESULTOFFOREIGNPROFESSIONALSINTHEDIRECTIONOFRESEARCHSHOULDLEADUS,SOIFYOUWANTTOHAVEFURTHERDEVELOPMENT,ANDIDENTIFYTHEIRROLESINTHEDOMESTICLEADINGPOSITIONINTHATDIRECTION,GOABROADFORFURTHERSTUDYISAGOODCHOICE电气工程及其自动化专业代码080601。ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONCODE080601二、专业教育发状SECOND,THEDEVELOPMENTOFPROFESSIONALEDUCATION电气工程与自动化专业是理、工、文合,机工程、术学计算机设计一的新型学专业之一。ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONISTHESCIENCE,ENGINEERING,THECOMBINATIONOFFINANCIALENGINEERING,ARTANDCOMPUTERDESIGNINONEOFTHENEWCROSSDISCIPLINARYPROFESSIONALS学FL电子工程、计算机学与技术、控制学与工程。BACKBONEOFDISCIPLINES,INCLUDINGELECTRICALENGINEERING,COMPUTERSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,CONTROLSCIENCEANDENGINEERING本专业生70代,先在国的大学,现的是电的控制式,那时候行的动电是的,控制电是的,自动化系统的工作式是很、的,很。RESULTINGIN70OFTHEPROFESSIONALERA,FIRSTOFALL,THEOXFORDUNIVERSITYINENGLAND,THEFIRSTTIMETHATTHEDCCONTROL,THENTHEIMPLEMENTATIONOFCOMPONENTSOFTHEDRIVEVOLTAGEISADCCONTROLVOLTAGEISDC,THEAUTOMATIONSYSTEMISVERYSIMPLE,ROUGHACCURACYISVERYLOW的控制式其的远人所知,自然然的人想到–用电控制行。HOWEVER,THECONTROLOFDCBECAUSEOFITSLONGHISTORYHASBEENWELLKNOWNPEOPLE,PEOPLENATURALLYTHINKOFUSINGTHEDCCOMPONENTTOCONTROLTHEEXCHANGEOFIMPLEMENTATION随着管、大管、Ł应管等大的电子的出现、以及建立在的理Ƒ上、以现代学、⁄代理Ƒ据的电”电控制系统Ƒ˘电子技术与自动化到新的高。WITHTHETRANSISTOR,HIGHPOWERTRANSISTORS,FETHIGHPOWERELECTRONICDEVICES,SUCHASTHEEMERGENCEANDMATURITY,ASWELLASTHEESTABLISHMENTOFTHEPRESENCEOFTHETHEORY,MODERNMATHEMATICS,MATRIXALGEBRAOFTHEWEAKTHEORETICALBASISFORTHESTRONGELECTRICALCONTROLSYSTEMOFELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYANDAUTOMATIONTOREACHANEWHISTORICALHIGHCURRENCY1此,本专业得到–的发,本、国、国及其国家的大学““设立–本专业,在这一时期的并不,‹如完控机›,FI间FL自动控制的工作经是新的–†。SOFAR,THISHASBEENAWIDERANGEOFPROFESSIONALDEVELOPMENT,JAPAN,THEUNITEDSTATES,BRITAINANDOTHERCOUNTRIESHAVEALSOESTABLISHEDTHEUNIVERSITYOFTHEPROFESSIONAL,THERESULTSDURINGTHISPERIODANDALSOQUITEAFEW,SUCHASTHECOMPLETIONOFCNCMACHINETOOLS,FACTORYAUTOMATIONWORKSHOPISANEWTOPIC电子技术与自动化、计算机的有机合,‡电子工程及自动化专业以全新的。ELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYANDAUTOMATION,THEORGANICINTEGRATIONOFCOMPUTER,ELECTRONICENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONTOGIVEANEWMEANINGOFPROFESSIONAL无人,系统化,‚„合理,””用型的新。NOMANIPULATION,THESYSTEMSIMPLIFIED,REASONABLESTRUCTURE,PLUGANDPLAYPRODUCTSTOBECOMETHENEWDARLING建国‰期19491966我国大学设立–本专业,ˆ教学FL电与电子技术验、电子工习、工习–程设计、生习、˙业设计,并国家ˆ养–的这面人才。THEFOUNDINGOFTHEEARLY19491966ESTABLISHEDINMANYUNIVERSITIESINTHISPROFESSION,THEMAINPRACTICETEACHINGLINKSINCLUDETHEEXPERIMENTALCIRCUITANDELECTRONICSTECHNOLOGY,ELECTRONICSTECHNOLOGYTRAINING,CURRICULUMDESIGNMETALWORKINGPRACTICE,PRODUCTIONINTERNSHIPS,GRADUATE,ANDTHECULTUREOFMANYCOUNTRIESINTHISFIELDS本行业的专家学˜,在我国˘、˙,力量。THEYHAVEBECOMETHEINDUSTRYEXPERTSANDSCHOLARSINCHINASMANYPROVINCES,CITIESANDBECOMETHEBACKBONEOF“文”期间,受˚的影,全国的高等˝˛ˇ生,本专业受到–很大的影,先是老师,后学˛本不下–,能生。CULTURALREVOLUTIONPERIOD,BECAUSEOFPOLITICALINFLUENCE,THECOUNTRYSINSTITUTIONSOFHIGHERLEARNINGHAVETOSTOPRECRUITMENT,THEPROFESSIONALHASBEENAGREATIMPACT,FIRSTTEACHERWASCRITICIZEDANDDENOUNCED,ANDLATERRUNSCHOOLSDONOTGOON,ONLYTOSTOPENROLLMENT是,”如此,老师并没有研究。BUTEVENSO,MANYTEACHERSDIDNOTSTOPTHERESEARCH知电子工程及自动化对我国的现代化建设的作用,,在这一时期,并没有对专业的研究。THEYKNOWTHATINELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONOFTHEMODERNIZATIONOFCHINASIMPORTANTROLETOPLAY,WHICH,INTHISPERIOD,ANDDIDNOTGIVEUPONTHEPROFESSIONALRESEARCHANDEXPLORATION开以后,在的确领下,大学复–生,本专业发,大学设立–本专业,并生,国家ˆ养大量的高级复合型人才,FL学、Ł等高级知识子,是Œ,各专业,本专业的生量在上。AFTERREFORMANDOPENINGUPINUNDERTHECORRECTLEADERSHIPOFTHECPCCENTRALCOMMITTEE,THEUNIVERSITYADMISSIONSRESTORED,THEPROFESSIONHASDEVELOPED,MANYUNIVERSITIESSETUPAPROFESSIONAL,ANDHAVESTUDENTSTRAINEDEACHYEARALARGENUMBEROFHIGHLEVELCOMPOUNDTALENTS,INCLUDINGTHEDEGREE,DRINTELLECTUALS,ESPECIALLY,EXPANSIONOFTHEPROFESSIONAL,THEPROFESSIONALCAPACITYOFSTUDENTSISALSORISING虽然我国在这面的发没有在的最,随着我国综合国力的高,对外的,我经I小与发国家的Ł。ALTHOUGHCHINASDEVELOPMENTINTHISAREAISALSONOTONTHESIDEOFTHEWORLDSMOSTCUTTINGEDGE,BUTWITHTHEIMPROVEMENTOFCHINASOVERALLNATIONALSTRENGTH,THEINCREASEINFOREIGNEXCHANGES,WEHAVEGRADUALLYNARROWEDTHEGAPWITHTHEDEVELOPEDCOUNTRIES有代ˆ的是Œ3000计算机研制技术的掌握技术的应用。REPRESENTATIVEIS300BILLIONTIMESPERSECOND,THESUCCESSFULDEVELOPMENTOFACOMPUTER;NANOTECHNOLOGYTOMASTER;SIMULATIONTECHNOLOGY一个不忽视的问†摆在我面如何迎接新技术命的挑战APROBLEMTHATCANNOTBEIGNOREDBEFOREUSHOWTOMEETTHECHALLENGESOFTHENEWTECHNOLOGICALREVOLUTION经过本专业的老师FI学的共FI努力,把电子工程及自动化专业拓开,“电力系统及其自动化”“电子信息工程”,盖有“绝缘技术”、“电气绝缘与电缆”、“电机电及其控制”、“电气工程及其自动化”、“应用电子技术”“光源与照明”等几个专业向。AFTERTHEPROFESSIONALEFFORTSOFTEACHERSANDSTUDENTSTOELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATIONPROFESSIONSOPENTOEXPANDINTO,POWERSYSTEMANDAUTOMATIONANDELECTRONICANDINFORMATIONENGINEERING,COVERINGTHEORIGINALINSULATIONTECHNOLOGY,ELECTRICALINSULATIONANDCABLE,ELECTRICMOTORANDCONTROL,ELECTRICALENGINEERINGANDAUTOMATION,THEAPPLICATIONOFELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYANDLIGHTANDLIGHTING,ANDSEVERALOTHERPROFESSIONALDIRECTION设有“高电与绝缘技术”、“电机与电”、“电力电子与电力动”“电工理Ƒ与新技术”、“高电与绝缘技术”Ł学位向。WITHHIGHVOLTAGEANDINSULATIONTECHNOLOGY,ELECTRICMACHINESANDELECTRIC,POWERELECTRONICSANDELECTRICPOWERTRANSMISSIONANDELECTRICALTHEORYANDNEWTECHNOLOGY,HIGHVOLTAGEANDINSULATIONTECHNOLOGYDOCTORATEDIRECTION并以工业设计CURRENCY1,应用计算机型、设计、现工业的构、ˆ能、工、外形等的设计优化。ANDTHEDESIGNOFINDUSTRIALPRODUC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