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概述Overview电气工程及其自动化的触角伸向各行各业,小到一个开关的设计,大到宇航飞机的研究,都有它的身影。ElectricalEngineeringandAutomationtentaclesallwalksoflife,smalltoaswitchdesignedtostudyaerospaceaircraft,hasitsshadow.本专业生能够从事与电气工程有关的系统运行、自动控制、电力电子技术、信息处理、试验技术、研制开发、经济管理以及电子与计算机技术应用等领域的工作,是宽口径复合型高级工程技术人才。Healthprofessionalscanbeengagedintheelectricalengineeringandoperationofthesystem,automaticcontrol,powerelectronicstechnology,informationprocessing,testingtechnology,researchanddevelopment,economicmanagement,andelectronicandcomputertechnologyapplicationsinareassuchastheworkis宽口径compoundHighengineeringandtechnicalpersonnel.该领域对高水平人才的需求很大。Highleveltalentsinthefieldofhighdemand.据估计,随着国外大企业的进入,在这一专业领域将出现很大缺口,那时很可能出现人才供不应求的现象。Itisestimatedthatwiththeentryoflargeforeignenterprisesinthefieldsofexpertisewillbeabiggap,thenthereislikelytopersonnelshortage.一、专业综合介绍First,asynthesisofprofessional电气工程及其自动化专业是电气信息领域的一门新兴学,人的生以及工业生关,发,现在对。ElectricalEngineeringandAutomationofelectricalinformationprofessionalisanemergingfieldofscience,butbecauseofpeoplesdailylivesandindustrialproductioniscloselyrelatedtotheextraordinarilyrapiddevelopmentofrelativelymorematurenow.经高新技术业的,应用工业、业、国等领域,在国¡经济¢发£着⁄¥⁄的作用。Hightechindustryhasbecomeanimportantcomponentofthewidelyusedinindustry,agriculture,nationaldefenseandotherfields,inthenationaleconomyisplayinganincreasinglyimportantrole.控制理ƒ电力§理ƒ是电气工程及自动化专业的currency1,电力电子技术、计算机技术其«技术‹›,fi时fl–系统†、系统设计、系统开发以及系统管理与‡等研究领域。Controltheoryandelectricalnetworktheoryisaprofessionalelectricalengineeringandautomationofthebase,powerelectronicstechnology,computertechnologyisitsmaintechnicalmeans,butalsoincludesasystemanalysis,systemdesign,systemdevelopmentandsystemmanagementanddecisionmakingresearch.该专业有一¶‚,„是»电合、电工电子技术合、‰与¿合,有´学的ˆ˜,电力、电子、控制、计算机¯学综合,˘˙业生有的¨应能力,是宽口径专业。Therearesomecharacteristicsoftheprofession,thatis,combiningthestrengthofpower,electricalandelectronictechnology,softwareandhardwarecombinedwithacrossdisciplinarynature,electricity,electronics,control,computerintegratedmultidisciplinary,sothatgraduateswithstrongadaptationcapacity,is宽口径professional.电气工程及其自动化专业对大生有很的˚¸力,˝门专业,高˛ˇ其专业向高¯,这一的«有„业,工作,Æ入高ª,专业对学生有˚¸力ŁØŒºƒ向对其有。ElectricalEngineeringandAutomationofthemajorityofcandidateshaveastrongappeal,arepopularprofessional,collegeentranceexaminationadmissionthanisoftenhighinmanyotherprofessionaldirection,resultinginthesituationofthemainreasonsjobeasier,agood①workingenvironment,incomehighthenameofgood,professionalcontent②attractivetostudentssocialadvocacyandpublicopinioninhisfavor.该专业向有着的发,研究æ向现ı,łøœ可ß。Thedirectionoftheprofessionhasaverygooddevelopmentprospects,researchproductsmoreeasilyconvertedtoreality,andconsiderablebenefits.ˆ的研究˚¸着¯生,这里的确是示才能的地。Hisresearchandcreativeideastoattractalargenumberofcandidates,wheretheycanreallyshowagoodplace.是鉴国现在的形式,生在报该专业的时候应该注意以下两‚However,inviewofthedomesticformofthepresentcandidatesintimetoapplytheprofessionshouldpayattentiontothefollowingtwopoints1充虑自己的兴趣。1givefullconsiderationtotheirinterests.自己本¥并不对该向感兴趣,是¯人都说,是自己„感兴趣–。Perhapstheirinterestwasnotthedirection,butmanypeoplesaythatgood,sotheyareinterestedinthe.这对以后的发是很不的,˙竟兴趣是最的老师。Thisfuturedevelopmentisverynegative,afterall,interestedinisthebestteacher.2衡量自己的综合素˜。2tomeasuretheoverallqualityoftheirown.电气工程及自动化专业需有扎的学、物理currency1,的外语综合能力,今后能够掌握并灵运用专业知识做准备。Electricalengineeringandautomationwithasolidprofessionalneedsofmathematics,physicsbasisforastrongcomprehensiveforeignlanguagecapabilities,forfutureflexibilityintheuseofandaccesstoexpertisetoprepare.该专业向的人才需求虽然大,可供选择的人很¯,如æ没有的综合素˜,很难在人之¢脱颖出,ˇ得突出绩。Thedemandforprofessionaltalentwhilethedirection,buttochoosealotofpeople,ifthereisnooverallqualityisverystrong,itisdifficulttostandoutamongthepeople,haveachievedoutstandingresults.这对¯胸怀远大志向的生¥说是不能接受的。Thismaycherishloftyaspirationsofmanyofthecandidatesisunacceptable.œ然,这里所说的两‚是否可行学生个人的追求有关,如æ一个人追求仅限一份的工作,该专业的确是一个不错的选择。Ofcourse,thetwopointsmentionedhereandalsothefeasibilityofthepursuitofindividualstudents,andifapersonislimitedtothepursuitofabetterwork,theprofessionisindeedagoodchoice.是,如æ想在技新面做出突破ˆ的贡献是建立在个人力以及刻苦努力的currency1上,馅饼是‡不Ø无缘无故从天上掉下¥的。However,ifyouwanttomakeabreakthroughinscientificandtechnologicalinnovationorcontributiontotheestablishmentofpersonalstrengthandhardworkonthebasisofthepiefornoreasonatallwillnotcomeknockingonthedoor.本专业研究范围,应用,˙业生的专业素养对高,此„业形势。Becauseofthiswiderangeofprofessionalresearch,applications,andprofessionalgraduatesisrelativelyhigh,sotheemploymentsituationisverygood.我国现在需该专业向的人才,小到一个家庭,大到整个ŁØ,都离不开这¶专业人才的工作。Ourcountryisnowagreatneedforthedirectionoftheprofessionalpersonnel,assmallasafamilyaslargeasthewholecommunitycannotbeseparatedfromtheworkoftheseprofessionals.通下,学生˙业后可以选择国有的˜量技术监督门、研究所、工矿企业等可以是一¶外资、私营企业,待遇œ然是œ可ß的。Undernormalcircumstances,studentscanchoosethestateaftergraduatingfromthequalityandtechnologysupervisiondepartment,researchinstitutes,industrialandminingenterprises,etc.alsocanbeanumberofforeigninvestment,theprivatesector,thetreatmentisconsiderable.如æ学生能力足够,又在学习期间积累–的研究æ,完全可以自己业,闯出一片自己的天空。Ifenoughstudents,andalsointhelearningaccumulatedduringtherelativelygoodresults,canbeourownbusiness,breakapieceoftheskybelongstothem.需指出的是,国外在该专业向的研究领先我,此如æ想有进一步的发,确立自己在国该向的领先地位,出国深是一个不错的选择。Itshouldbenotedthatasaresultofforeignprofessionalsinthedirectionofresearchshouldleadus,soifyouwanttohavefurtherdevelopment,andidentifytheirrolesinthedomesticleadingpositioninthatdirection,goabroadforfurtherstudyisagoodchoice.电气工程及其自动化专业代码080601。ElectricalEngineeringandAutomationcode080601.二、专业教育发状Second,thedevelopmentofprofessionaleducation电气工程与自动化专业是理、工、文合,机工程、术学计算机设计一的新型´学专业之一。ElectricalEngineeringandAutomationisthescience,engineering,thecombinationoffinancialengineering,artandcomputerdesigninoneofthenewcrossdisciplinaryprofessionals.«学fl电子工程、计算机学与技术、控制学与工程。Backboneofdisciplines,includingelectricalengineering,computerscienceandtechnology,controlscienceandengineering.本专业生70代,先在国的大学,现的是电的控制式,那时候行的动电是的,控制电是的,自动化系统的工作式是很、的,很。Resultingin70oftheprofessionalera,firstofall,theOxfordUniversityinEngland,thefirsttimethattheDCcontrol,thentheimplementationofcomponentsofthedrivevoltageisaDCcontrolvoltageisDC,theautomationsystemisverysimple,roughaccuracyisverylow.的控制式其的远人所知,自然然的人想到–用电控制行。However,thecontrolofDCbecauseofitslonghistoryhasbeenwellknownpeople,peoplenaturallythinkofusingtheDCcomponenttocontroltheexchangeofimplementation.随着管、大管、¡ł应管等大的电子¢的出现、以及建立在¡的理ƒ上、以现代学、£⁄代理ƒ¥据的»电电控制系统ƒ˘电子技术与自动化§到新的高。Withthetransistor,highpowertransistors,FEThighpowerelectronicdevices,suchastheemergenceandmaturity,aswellastheestablishmentofthepresenceofthetheory,modernmathematics,matrixalgebraoftheweaktheoreticalbasisforthestrongelectricalcontrolsystemofelectronictechnologyandautomationtoreachanewhistoricalhigh.currency1此,本专业得到–的发,本、国、国及其国家的大学设立–本专业,在这一时期的æ并不«,‹如完控机›,fi间fl自动控制的工作经是新的–†。Sofar,thishasbeenawiderangeofprofessionaldevelopment,Japan,theUnitedStates,BritainandothercountrieshavealsoestablishedtheUniversityoftheprofessional,theresultsduringthisperiodandalsoquiteafew,suchasthecompletionofCNCmachinetools,factoryautomationworkshopisanewtopic.电子技术与自动化、计算机的有机合,‡电子工程及自动化专业以全新的。Electronictechnologyandautomation,theorganicintegrationofcomputer,electronicengineeringandautomationtogiveanewmeaningofprofessional.无人¶,系统化,‚„合理,»用型的新。Nomanipulation,thesystemsimplified,reasonablestructure,plugandplayproductstobecomethenewdarling.建国‰期19491966¿我国¯大学设立–本专业,«ˆ教学fl电与电子技术验、电子工习、´工习–程设计、生习、˙业设计,并国家ˆ养–¯的这面人才。Thefoundingoftheearly19491966establishedinmanyuniversitiesinthisprofession,themainpracticeteachinglinksincludetheexperimentalcircuitandelectronicstechnology,electronicstechnologytraining,curriculumdesignmetalworkingpractice,productioninternships,graduate,andthecultureofmanycountriesinthisfields.本行业的专家学˜,¯在我国¯˘、˙,¨力量。TheyhavebecometheindustryexpertsandscholarsinChinasmanyprovinces,citiesandbecomethebackboneof.文期间,受˚¸的影,全国的高等˝˛ˇ生,本专业受到–很大的影,先是老师,后¥学˛本不下–,能生。CulturalRevolutionperiod,becauseofpoliticalinfluence,thecountrysinstitutionsofhigherlearninghavetostoprecruitment,theprofessionalhasbeenagreatimpact,firstteacherwascriticizedanddenounced,andlaterrunschoolsdonotgoon,onlytostopenrollment.是,如此,¯老师并没有研究。Butevenso,manyteachersdidnotstoptheresearch.知电子工程及自动化对我国的现代化建设的作用,,在这一时期,并没有对专业的研究。TheyknowthatinelectricalengineeringandautomationofthemodernizationofChinasimportantroletoplay,which,inthisperiod,anddidnotgiveupontheprofessionalresearchandexploration.开以后,在¢Æ的确领下,大学ª复–生,本专业发¥,¯大学设立–本专业,并生,国家ˆ养大量的高级复合型人才,fl学、Ł等高级知识子,Ø是Œ,各专业º,本专业的生量在上。AfterreformandopeningupinunderthecorrectleadershipoftheCPCCentralCommittee,theUniversityAdmissionsrestored,theprofessionhasdeveloped,manyuniversitiessetupaprofessional,andhavestudentstrainedeachyearalargenumberofhighlevelcompoundtalents,includingthedegree,Dr.intellectuals,especially,expansionoftheprofessional,theprofessionalcapacityofstudentsisalsorising.虽然我国在这面的发没有在的最,随着我国综合国力的æ高,对外的,我经ı小与发§国家的ł。AlthoughChinasdevelopmentinthisareaisalsonotonthesideoftheworldsmostcuttingedge,butwiththeimprovementofChinasoverallnationalstrength,theincreaseinforeignexchanges,wehavegraduallynarrowedthegapwiththedevelopedcountries.有代øˆ的是œ3000ß计算机研制技术的掌握技术的应用。Representativeis300billiontimespersecond,thesuccessfuldevelopmentofacomputernanotechnologytomastersimulationtechnology.一个不忽视的问†摆在我面如何迎接新技术命的挑战Aproblemthatcannotbeignoredbeforeushowtomeetthechallengesofthenewtechnologicalrevolution经过本专业的老师fi学的共fi努力,把电子工程及自动化专业拓开¥,电力系统及其自动化电子信息工程,盖有绝缘技术、电气绝缘与电缆、电机电¢及其控制、电气工程及其自动化、应用电子技术光源与照明等几个专业向。Aftertheprofessionaleffortsofteachersandstudentstoelectricalengineeringandautomationprofessionsopentoexpandinto,PowerSystemandAutomationandElectronicandInformationEngineering,coveringtheoriginalinsulationtechnology,ElectricalInsulationandcable,ElectricMotorandControl,ElectricalEngineeringandAutomation,theapplicationofelectronictechnologyandlightandlighting,andseveralotherprofessionaldirection.设有高电与绝缘技术、电机与电¢、电力电子与电力º动电工理ƒ与新技术、高电与绝缘技术Ł学位向。WithHighVoltageandInsulationTechnology,ElectricMachinesandElectric,PowerElectronicsandElectricPowerTransmissionandelectricaltheoryandnewtechnology,HighVoltageandInsulationTechnologydoctoratedirection.并以工业设计currency1,应用计算机型、设计、现工业的构、ˆ能、工、外形等的设计优化。Andthedesignofindustrialproductsbasedontheapplicationofcomputermodeling,design,realizationofthestructureofindustrialproducts,performance,processing,shapeandotherdesignandoptimization.该专业ˆ养¨应ŁØ急需的,既有扎学技术currency1又有术新能力的高级复合型技术人才。Theprofessionaltrainingneededtoadapttosociety,bothbasedonsolidscientificandtechnologicalinnovationcapabilityandhighlevelartcompositetechnology.本专业着ˆ养学生外语、计算机应用、型、设计等际工作能力,现平面设计、立设计等设计的全面智能化。Focusontheprofessionaltrainingofstudentsinforeignlanguages,computerapplications,productmodeling,designofpracticalwork,suchastheabilitytoachievegraphicdesign,threedimensionaldesign,productdesign,intelligentallround.该专业˙业生可从事工业型设计、计算机应用、视觉º§设计、设计、告意、企业形象划等行业的教学、研、生、开发管理工作。Thegraduatescanbeengagedinindustrialproductdesign,computerapplications,visualcommunicationdesign,environmentaldesign,advertisingcreative,corporateimageplanning,suchasindustry,teaching,scientificresearch,production,developmentandmanagement.囊–电理、电子技术currency1、电机学、电力电子技术、电力拖动与控制、计算机技术语言、‰currency1、¿currency1、片机等¿、信号与系统、控制理ƒ等–程。Includecircuittheory,electronicandtechnologicalbase,andelectricmachinery,powerelectronics,electricdriveandcontrol,computertechnologylanguages,softwareinfrastructure,hardware,microcontroller,etc.,signalsandsystems,controltheoryandsoon.高级据ŁØ需学习柔ˆ的、¨应ˆ、覆盖面宽的专业–及专业选修–。Highgradebasedontheneedsofthecommunitytolearnflexibility,adaptability,widecoverageofelectivecoursesandprofessional.fi时进行电机与控制验、电子工程系统验、电力电子验等。Atthesametimealsotheexperimentalandcontroltheelectricalandelectronicengineeringexperiments,suchaspowerelectronicsexperiments.一以¥,我国在CIMS,自动控制,机¢人,专用集电等等面有–长足的进步。Allalong,ourCIMS,automaticcontrol,roboticsproducts,applicationspecificintegratedcircuitandsoonhasmadesubstantialprogress.例如currency1微机的集化CAPP应用框架与开发平台开发–以工知识库核心的、以互式设计式currency1的综合智能化CAPP开发平台与应用框架CAPPFramework¿,推出´叶CAPP、fiCAPP等系列。ForexampleComputerbasedintegratedenvironmentCAPPapplicationframeworkanddevelopmentplatformtodevelopaknowledgebaseasthecoretechnologytointeractivedesignbasedonthemodeloftheintegratedintelligentCAPPdevelopmentplatformandapplicationframeworkCAPPFramework,theintroductionofGoldenCAPP,withCAPPandothersideproducts.有支持工知识建动态知识获ˇ、各类工的设计与信息管理、工信息共享、支持征currency1工‡等能,并æ供工知识库管理、工卡片‚式定义等应用支持工二开发工。Withthesupportprocessmodelinganddynamicknowledgeofknowledgeacquisition,thedesignofvarioustypesoftechnologyandinformationmanagement,productprocessinformationsharinginsupportofthecharacteristicsofgenerativeprocessbaseddecisionmakingfunctions,andprovidetechnologyKnowledgemanagement,technologyapplicationssuchascardformatsupportofthedefinitionoftoolsandsecondarytools.系统开ˆ,º充维护。Systemopenness,andeasyexpansionandmaintenance.在全国的企业,Ø是CIMS示范工程企业,推应用,研制–自动控制装置及系列,红外光电式安全保护装置,大、高˜开关电源的开发。Productshavebeeninthecountrysenterprises,
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