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AbstractFirst、Schedulingandthestructuralcharacteristicsofwinchschedulingwinchisusedtodispatchvehiclestoassisttractionandoperatingawinch.Commonlyusedintheminetunnelinthehaulageandsupportingminecarhandling、canalsobeusedintheminingface、withschedulingspacestation、heavycars.Schedulingwinchisfullgeartransmissionmachinery.Gearalsoknownastheroundofthetransmissionsystem.Accordingroundofthetransmissiongearwhentheaxisofspaceintherelativepositionisfixed、canbedividedintofixedandworkingcapitaloftheaxisroundoftheround.Anotherroundoftheaxisofcylindricalmeshgeartransmissionandthecylindricalmeshgeartransmissionofpoints、andturnoverofanotherroundoftransmissionanddifferentialplanetarytransmissionofthepoints.SchedulingthewinchwithintheexistingtransmissiongearmeshingcylindricalGear、anotherplanetarytransmission、schedulingwinchplanetarytransmissiongear、alsoknownasthewinch.SchedulingwinchmodelscommonlyusedmainlyJD0.4JD4.5、JD1JD11.4、JD1.JD22、JD2JD25、JD3JD40.BelowtheJD3thatis、JD40asanexampleofschedulingwinchonthecompositionandschedulingtransmissionprinciple.AJD3schedulingofthewinchJD3schedulingthemaincomponentofthewinchdrumfor、brakesandmotorframe.Fromthewinchdrummadeofcaststeel、itsmainfunctioniswindingropetractionload.Drum、andtheslowdowningearwiththegear.WinchonthetwogroupswithatotalinstalledgatethatisBrake2、thegateway3.Motorsideofthegate2tobrakedrumbrakes、thegearintheworkofthreegatesusedtocontrolZ7groupfunctioning.Usemadeofcastironframe、themotorbearingsandgateswithstentpositioningarefixedwithboltsintheplaneseat.ForFlameproofforthetheephasemotor.BJD3DispatchwinchthedriveprinciplethistypeofwinchusedtwoInternalDrivesandaplanetarygeartransmission.Z1/Z2andZ3/Z4fortwoInternalDrive、Z5、Z6、Z7compositionofplanetarytransmissionmechanism.Motorheadintheinstallationofa5axisextendedsetsofgearZ1、throughthegearsZ2、withgearZ3andZ4、themovementspreadtogearZ5、theZ5istheplanetarygearwheelofacentralroundorroundoftheSunAndthenledthetwoplanetarygearZ6、andthegearZ7.Planetarygearfreelyinstalledinthetwodrivenandconnectedtoafixedaxis、thelargestinthegearZ7Gearworkwiththeexternalgateway、usedtocontrolwinchdrumoperation.IfthebiggearZ7gateontheworkofthreegatestolive、andwillbeonthebrakedrumgates2release、thistimebytwomotorrotationwithintherodentstogearwheeldriveZ5、Z6andZ7.However、duetoZ7gatehasbeenlivingandcannotrotate、sogearZ6onlyontheonehandarounditsownaxisofrotation、butalsoaroundtheaxisofgearZ5drumcentertothepublic.Thusconnectedwiththerotationofthelead、thenZ6theoperationmodeverysimilartotheplanetsinthesolarsystemsuchasEarthmovement、alsoknownastheplanetarygearZ6、itstransmissionmodeknownastheplanetarytransmission.Conversely、ifthegearZ7intheworkreleasegate3、andwillbrakedrumonthelivegate2、theZ6directlyconnectedwiththedrum、onlyfortherotation、notrevolution、theZ1fromthetransmissionsystemchangedtoZ7Forthefixedaxisoftheround、gearZ7togoshort.InvertedforthereleaseorlivegategateworkBrake2or3、youcanmakeschedulingwinchinthecaseofnonstopmotortoachieveoperatingandparking.Whentheneedtoreverseupgrade、mustbereactivatedthelaunchbutton、reversethemotorrunning.Itshouldbenotedthat、whenthemotoristurnedon、thegateandnotallowedtoworkBrakelivegateatthesametime、itwillburnmotororotheraccidents.Second、schedulingwinchdaytodaymaintenancecheckthecontentsof1checkeachpartofbolts、pin、nuts、washers、etc.、ifloose、lossshouldbetightenedandtimelycomplement.2tocheckinstallationsandelectricalsignalOperationbuttonisintactandwhetherstolenexplosivephenomenon、whetherthesignalsentclearandbright、itshouldberepairedorreplaced.3tocheckwhetherdamagedorbrokendrum、thefirstwireropeisfirmlyfixed、bearingoilspillthere、theropeisneatlyarranged、theproblemsshouldbepromptlydealtwith.4inspectiongatewithacrackfree、weargaugewhetherornotshouldhaveathicknessofnotlessthan3mm、thetensionbarbolts、forkfirst、thegate、suchaswhetherthereisapindeformationorinjury、whethertheloosenutsbacktight、Problemsshouldbeadjustedanddealtwith.5Checkthegateandleveractionisaflexiblesystem、Shigate、theatemaynotreachthelevelposition、itshouldbeslightlySangriathanthehorizontalposition.6tochecktherooffixedwinchandbeamissolid、basedonwhetherthereisaboltorboltsloose、whethercrackbase、theissueshouldbedealtwithpromptly.7Tocheckwhetherthenormalstartmotoridling、whethergoodgroundingtostartwith、andsowhethertheexplosionproofelectricalequipmentandgooddemand.8Checkbearingsandmotors、switches、cables、suchaswhetherthegatewiththetemperaturetoohigh、theproblemshouldbefoundtoidentifythereasonsfor、totakemeasurestodealwith.9Oftenwipewinchtoremovedustanddebris、andmaintaintheenvironmentcleanandtidy.Winchthesafeoperation、inspectionandmaintenanceThird、winchcommonfaultsanddealwithAawinchdrumabnormalsoundandthemainapproach1.Winchdrumproduceabnormalsoundthemainreason1drumcartridgecaseboltsloose.2Shellandtuberoundflangegapbetweentoolarge.3Drumcylindershellcracks.4Weldingacylindershellwelding.5Walksdrumandhubofthefixedscrewloose、causingswimmingdrumandhubbetweentherelativesliding.6Gapbetweenthehubandspindleweartoolarge.7Aclutchwormscrewloose.2.ApproachAccordingtotheinspectiontodeterminetreatment.Ifthelooseningofthenut、inJiaoBanshutdownwhenfasteningIfnoiseisnotserious、maybeappropriatetoreducewinchload、payattentiontoobserve、tomaintaintheprovisionsofthemaintenanceshutdownattherepairifthebeepserious、theyshouldimmediatelyParkingrepairedorreplaced、soastoavoidaccidentsexpand.BOntheropewinchdrumwithBuShangrihazards、causesandtreatmentmethods、1.WinchdrumontheropewiththeharmBuShangri1speeduptheropewear.Ropeinthemessonthewindingdrum、tractionforcetojusticeoftenrankedinthemessintheropeandpressuretogetout、causingseriouswear、resultingindiametersteelwireropeandwirebreakmoregroundandshortenthelifeoftherope.2Ofwireropeslidoffthedrum.RopewithBuShangri、aninevitablephenomenonofacrowdedheapfordamagetojusticeboard、whenthereactorcrowdedtheedgeofmorethanhighrollers、theropeeasilyslidoffthedrum、light、brokenwires、heavysportscar、andbrokenrope.2.WinchdrumonthemainropewithBuShangri1winchlayoutproperlythatishoistingcableanglenoncompliancerequirements.2WinchTitaniumPreliminaryroundQuemoynotwiththeropeonthewindingdrumataboutsliding.3Rankedropewinchdevicefailureorhavebeenremoved.4Improperoperationthewoundisnottight.3.ApproachAccordingtodifferentsituationssymptomatictreatment.Theinstallationofqualityandexclusiveropedevicessuchasthefailuretotimelyreportontherequestsenttreatment、operationormaintenanceofanimproper、weshouldconscientiouslyinaccordancewiththeprovisionsofmeticulousoperationandmaintenanceInclinedDriftwinchpayingparticularattentiontoremovingobstaclesontheirwaytopreventtheredelegateOfMandrel、tightropeMandrel.CWinchreduceroperationabnormalsoundandvibrationgeneratedinthecausesandtreatment1.Reducerfunctioningofabnormalsoundandvibrationgeneratedinthemain1gearsmeshingspacetightortooloose.2Bearinggapistoolarge、thegeneralperformanceofthedecentralizationemptyatthebeep、beepwhenupgradingheavysmall.3Orbearingreducerboltsloose.4Reducerintheswapwasforeignbodies.2.Approach1adjustingthegearsmeshinggaptoasuitableposition、ifthewearandgearshouldbereplaced.2Relaxationoftherepairorreplacementofbearings.3Payattentiontotightenloosescrews.4Ifithasfallenintoforeignbodyreducer、shouldbeimmediatelysuspended、andtroubleshooting.DWinchbrakegateofthereasonsforandtreatmentoffever1.Brakewinchforfever1agatetooearly、tooexcessive.2WeightsareoftendelegatedtouseBrake、noelectricalpowerwinchbrakingsystemEC、singledrumwinchoftensuchasituation.3Brakeshoelooseboltsorexcessivebrakewear、thebolthitthefirstroundofgateorgatewaydisc.4Brakeshoeandthegatewayroundorgatewaydiskwasnotinstalledcorrectlythecontactareaistoosmall.5GateFerryorgatewaydiscswingmore.2.PreventionandtreatmentConstantlysumupexperienceinoperations、andexploremethodsofoperationandimprovetheleveloftechniquestrictwinchthesafeoperation、inspectionandmaintenanceoftractioncontrolgridload、noload、donotsenddelegateatthemotorvehiclegateflyingregularmaintenancechecks、payattentiontobrakeshoeandthegatewayRoundorgateexposure.5DiscBrakemetersdoesnotdealwiththecausesandpreventionmethods1.Brakesongdiscisnotthemainmeters1brakeoperationhandlescrewdrawbarslengthadjustmentinappropriate.2Brakeoperationhandleswingpointofviewinappropriate.3Reliefvalveplugtheholecutexpenditureorslidevalvefailuredeathcard.4Reliefvalvesurgedevicesorelectrohydraulicoilspills.5electrohydraulicdevicemoveslapsurgeInchXianweldingisnotstrongordisconnected.2.Preventionapproachesthetimelyadjustmentofbrakeoperationhandlemoveslocation、regularcleansingofthehydraulicsystemofoilfilters、hydraulicoiltomaintainthecleanlinessandavoidvalveplugthehole.6Thelaunchbutton、donotturnthewinchmotorandTreatment1.Main1Apowerfailure、suchaspowerfailures、breakphase、motororgroundingline、groundingtheprotectionofpowersupplyvoltageortoolow.2Stopbuttondidnotrecoverbit.3Havelaunchedinternalfault.4Cableoperatordisconnected.
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