2011年高考英语全国卷1.doc2011年高考英语全国卷1.doc

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2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试全国卷第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节单选填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)例ITISGENERALLYCONSIDEREDUNWISETOGIVEACHILDBEORSHEWANTSAHOWEVERBWHATEVERCWHICHEVERDWHENEVER21WECOULDINVITEJOHNANDBARBARATOTHEFRIDAYNIGHTPARTYYES,I’LLGIVETHEMACALLRIGHTNOWAWHYNOTBWHATFORCWHYDWHAT22TRYSHEMIGHT,SUECOULDN’TGETTHEDOOROPENAIFBWHENCSINCEDAS23PLANINGSOFARAHEADNOSENSESOMANYTHINGWILLHAVECHANGEDBYNEXTYEARAMADEBISMAKINGCMAKESDHASMADE24IWASN’TSUREIFHEWASREALLYINTERESTEDORIFHEPOLITEAWASJUSTBEINGBWILLJUSTBECHADJUSTBEENDWOULDJUSTBE25SOMEONEWANTSYOUONTHEPHONENOBODYKNOWSIAMHEREAALTHOUGHBANDCBUTDSO26ICANTHEHOUSEBEINGUNTIDY,BUTIHATEITIFIT’SNOTCLEANACOMEUPWITHBPUTUPWITHCTURNTODSTICKTO27THENEXTTHINGHESAWWASSMOKE_______FROMBEHINDTHEHOUSEAROSEBRISINGCTORISEDRISEN28ONLYWHENHEREACHEDTHETEAHOUSE__________ITWASTHESAMEPLACEHE’DBEENINLASTYEARAHEREALIZEDBHEDIDREALIZECREALIZEDHEDDIDHEREALIZED29WHENALICECAMETO,SHEDIDNOTKNOWHOWLONGSHE________THEREAHADBEENLYINGBHASBEENLYINGCWASLYINGDHASLAIN30THEFORMCANNOTBESIGNEDBYANYONE_______YOURSELFARATHERTHANBOTHERTHANCMORETHANDBETTERTHAN31THEPRIZEWILLGOTOTHEWRITER____________STORYSHOWSTHEMOSTIMAGINATIONATHATBWHICHCWHOSEDWHAT32THEY____HAVEARRIVEDATLUNCHTIMEBUTTHEIRFIGHTWASDELAYEDAWILLBCANCMUSTDSHOULD33ITISGENERALLYACCEPTEDTHAT____BOYMUSTLEARNTOSTANDUPANDFIGHTLIKE____AA;ABA;THECTHE;THEDA;不填34WILLIAMFOUNDITINCREASINGLYDIFFICULTTOREAD,FORHISEYESIGHTWASBEGINNINGTO____ADISAPPEARBFALLCFAILDDAMAGE35ARTISTICPEOPLECANBEVERYDIFFICULTSOMETIMESWELL,YOUMARRIEDONE____AYOUNAMEITBI’VEGOTITCICAN’TAGREEMOREDYOUSHOULDKNOW第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题15分,满分30分)INOURDISCUSSIONWITHPEOPLEONHOWEDUCATIONCANHELPTHEMSUCCEDINLIFE,AWOMANREMEMBEREDTHEFIRSTMEETINGOFANINTRODUCTORY36COURSEABOUT20YEARSAGOTHEPROFESSOR37THELECTUREHALL,PLACEDUPONHISDESKALARGEJARFILLEDWITHDRIEDBEANS(豆),ANDINVITEDTHESTUDENTTO38HOWMANYBEANSTHEJARCONTAINEDAFTER39SHOUTOFWILDLYWRONGGUESSESTHEPROFESSORSMILEDATHIN,DRYSMILE,ANNOUNCEDTHE40ANSWER,ANDWENTONSAYING,“YOUHAVEJUST41ANIMPORTANTLESSONABOUTSCIENCETHATISNEVER42YOUROWNSENSES”TWENTYYEARSLATER,THE43COULDGUESTSWHATTHEPROFESSORHADINMINDHE44HIMSELF,PERHAPS,ASINVITINGHISSTUDENTSTOSTARTANEXCITING45INTOANUNKNOWNWORLDINVISIBLE(无形的)TOTHE46WHICHCANBEDISCOVEREDONLYTHROUGHSCIENTIFIC47BUTTHESEVENTEENYEAROLDGIRLCOULDNOTACCEPTOREVEN48THEINVITATIONSHEWASJUST49TOUNDERSTANDTHEWORLDANDSHE50THATHERFIRSTHANDEXPERIENCECOULDBETHE51THEPROFESSOR,HOWEVER,SAIDTHATITWAS52HEWASTAKINGAWAYHERONLY53FORKNOWINGANDWASPROVIDINGHERWITHNOSUBSTITUTE(替代)。“IREMEMBERFEELINGSMALLAND54”THEWOMANSAYS,“ANDIDIDTHEONLYTHINGICOULDDOI55THECOURSETHATAFTERNOON,ANDIHAVEN’TGONENEARSCIENCESINCE”36.AARTBHISTORYCSCIENCEDMATH37.ASEARCHEDFORBLOOKEDATCGOTTHROUGHDMARCHEDINTO38.ACOUNTBGUESSCREPORTDWATCH39.AWARNINGBGIVINGCTURNINGAWAYDLISTENINGTO40.AREADYBPOSSIBLECCORRECTDDIFFICULT41.ALEARNEDBPREPAREDCTAUGHTDTAKEN42.ALOSEBTRUSTCSHARPENDSHOW43.ALECTURERBSCIENTISTCSPEAKERDWOMAN44.ADESCRIBEDBRESPECTEDCSAWDSERVED45.AVOYAGEBMOVEMENTCCHANGEDRUSH46.APROFESSORBEYECKNOWLEDGEDLIGHT47.AMODELBSENSESCSPINTDMETHODS48.AHEARBMAKECPRESENTDREFUSE49.ASUGGESTINGBBEGINNINGCPRETENDINGDWAITING50.ABELIEVEDBDOUBTEDCPROVEDDEXPLAINED51.AGROWTHBSTRENGTHCFAITHDTRUTH52.AFIRMBINTERESTINGCWRONGDACCEPTABLE53.ATASKBTOOLCSUCCESSDCONNECTION54.ACRUELBPROUDCFRIGHTENEDDBRAVE55.ADROPPEDBSTAREDCPASSEDDMISSED第三部分阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)AWHENMILKARRIVEDONTHEDOORSTEPWHENIWASABOYGROWINGUPINNEWJERSEYINTHE1960S,WEHADAMILKMANDELIVERINGMILKTOOURDOORSTEPHISNAMEWASMRBASILLEHEWOREAWHITECAPANDDROVEAWHITETRUSKASA5YEAROLDBOY,ICOULDN’TTAKEMYEYESOFFTHECOINCHANGERFIXEDTOHISBELTHENATICEDTHISONEDAYDURINGADELIVERYANDGAVEMEAQUARTEOUTOFHISCOINCHANGEROFCOURSE,HEDELIVEREDMORETHANMILKTHEREWASCHEESE,EGGSANDSOONIFWENEEDEDTOCHANGEOURORDED,MYMOTHERWOULDPENANOTE“PLEASEADDABOTTLEOFBUTTERMILKNEXTDELIVEY”ANDPLACEITINTHEBOXALONGWITHTHEEMPTYBOTTLESANDTHEN,THEBUTTERMILKWOULDMAGICALLY魔术般APPEARALLOFTHISWASABOUTMORETHANCONVENIENCETHEREESIRTEDACLOSERELATIONSHIPBETWEENFAMILIESANDTHEIRMILKMENMRBASILLEEVENHADAKEYTOOURHOUSE,FORTHOSETIMESWHENITWASSOCOLDOUTSIDETHATWEPUTTHEBOXINDOORS,SOTHATTHEMILKWOULDN’TFREEZEANDIREMEMBERMRBASILLEFROMTIMETOTIMETAKINGABREAKATOURKITCHENTABLE,HAVINGACUPOFTEAANDTELLINGSTORIESABOUTHISDELIVERYTHEREISSADLYNOHOMEMILKDELIVERYTODAYBIGCOMPANIESALLOWEDTHEPRODUCTIONCHEAPERMILK,THUSMAKINGITDIFFICULTFORMILKMENTOCOMPETE(竞争)BESIDE,MILKISFORSALEVERYWHERE,ANDITMAYJUSTNOTHAVEBEENPRACTICALTOHAVEADELIVERYSERVICERECENTLY,ANOLDMILKBOXTHECOUNTRYSIDEISAWBROUGHTBACKMYCHILDHOODMEMORIESTOOKITHOMEANDPLANTEDITONTHEBACKPORCH(门廊)EVERYSOOFTENMYSON’SFRIENDWILLASKEDWHATITISSOISTARTTELLINGSTORIESOFMYBOTHOOD,ANDOFMILKMANWHOBROUGHTUSFRIENDSHIPALONGWITHHISMILK56MRBASILLEGAVETHEBOYAQUARTEROUTHISCOINCHANGERATOSHOWHISMAGICALPOWERBTOPAYFORTHEDELIVERYCTOSATISFVHISCURIOSITYDTOPLEASEHISMOTHER57WHATCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEFACTTHATTHEMILKMANHADTHEKEYTOTHEBOY’SHOUSEAHEWANTEDTOHAVETEATHEREBHEWASARESPECTABLEPERSONCHEWASTREATEDASAFAMILYMEMBERDHEWASFULLYTRUSTEDBYTHEFAMILY58WHYDOSEHOMEMILKDELIVERYNOLONGEREXISTANOBODYWANTSTOBEAMILKMANNOWBITHASBEENDRIVENOUTOFTHEMARKETCITSSERVICEISGETTINGPOORDITISFORBIDDENBYLAW59WHYDIDTHEAUTHORBRINGBACKHOMEANOLDMILKBOXAHEMISSEDTHEGOODOLDDAYSBHEWANTEDTOTELLINTERESTINGSTORIESCHENEEDEDITFORHISMILKBOTTLESDHEPLANTEDFLOWERSINITBTHEWORDADVERTISINGREFERSTOANYKINDOFPUBLICANNOUNCEMENTTHATBRINGSPRODUCTSANDSERVICESTOTHEATTENTIONOFPEOPLETHROUGHOUTHISTORY,ADVERTISINGHASBEENANEFFECTIVEWAVTOPROMOTE促进THETRADINGANDSELLINGOFGOODSINTHEMIDDLEAGES,MERCHANTSEMPLOYEDTOWNCRIERSTOTHEPUVLICMESSAGESALOUDTOPROMOTETHEIRGOODSWHENPRINTINGWASINVENTEDINTHEFIFTEENTHCENTURY,PAGESOFADVERTISEMENTSADSCOULDBEPRINTEDESASILYANDWEREEITHERHUNGINPUBLICPLACESORPUTINBOOKSBYTHEEADOFTHESEVENTEENTHCENTURY,WHENNEWSPAPERSWEREBEGINNINGTOBEREADBYMOREPEOPLE,PRINTEDMATERIALSBECAMEANIMPORTANTWAYTOPROMOREPRODUCTSANDSERVICESTHELONDONGAZETTEWASTHEFIRSTNEWSPAPERTOSETASIDEAPLACEJUSTFORADVERTISINGTHISWASSOSUCCESSFULTHATBYTHEENDOFTHECENTURYSEVERALCOMPANIESSTARTEDBUSINESSESFORTHEPURPOSEOFMAKINGNEWSPAPERADSFORMERCHANTSAOVERNSINGSPREADQUICKLYTHROUGHOUTTHEEIGHTEENTHCENTURYADWRITERSWERSTARTINGTOPAYMOREATTENTIONTOTHEDESIGNOFTHEADTEXTEVERYTHING,FROMCLTHESTODRINKS,WASRROMOTEDWITHCLEVERMETHODSSUCHASRCPCTITIONOFTHEFORMSMANEORPRODUCTWORDSORGANIZEDINEYE–CATCHINGPATTERNS,THEUSEOFPRETTYPICTERESANDEXPRESSIONSESAYTOREMEBBENEARTHEENDOFTHENINETEENTHCENTURY,COMPANIESMATWEREDEVOTEDTOTHEPRODUCTIONOFADSCAMETOBEKNOWNAS“ADVERTISINGAGENCIES广告商”THEAGENCIESDEVELOPEDNEWWAYSTOGETPEOPLETOTHINKOFTHEMSELVESASMEMBERSOFAGROUPTHROUGHOUTTHETWENTIETHCENTURY,ADVERTISINGAGENCIESPROMOTEDCONSUMERISM消费主义ASAWAYOFLIFESPREADINGTHEBELIEFTHATPEOPLECOULDBEONLYIFTHEYBOUGHTTHE“RIGHT”PRODUCTS60WHATWASADVERTISINGLIKEINTHEMIDDLEAGESAMERCHANTSWEREEMPLOYEDTOPROMOTEPRODUCTSBADMESSAGESWERESHOUTEDOUTINPUBLICPLACESCPRODUCTINFORMATIONWASINCLUDEDINBOOKSDADSIGNSWEREPUTUPINTOWNS61WHATDOESTHEWORD“THIS”INPARAGRAPH2REFERTOAADVERTISINGINNEWSPAPERSBINCLUDINGPICTURESINADSCSELLINGGOODSINMARKERTSDWORKINGWITHADAGENCIES62THE18THCENTURYADVERTISINGWASSPECIALINITSAGROWINGSPENDINGBPRINTINGMATERIALSCADVERTISINGCOMPANIESDATTRACTIVEDESIGNS63WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGMIGHTBETHEBESTTITLEFORTHETEXTATHESTORYOFADVERTISINGBTHEVALUEOFADVERTISINGDESIGNSCTHEROLEOFNEWSPAPERADVERTISINGDTHEDEVELOPMENTOFPRINTINGFORADVERTISINGCWHILESMALLMAYBEBEAUTIFUL,TALLISJUSTPLAINUNCOMFORTABLEITSEEMS,PARTICULARLYWHENITCOMESTOSTAYINGINHOTELSANDEATINGINRESTAURANTSTHETALLPERSONSCLUBGREATBRITAINTPCGB,WHICHWASFORMEDSIXMONTHSAGOTOCAMPAIGN发起运动FORTHENEEDSOFTHETALL.HASTURNEDITSATTENTIONTOHOTELSANDRESTAURANTSBEDSTHATARETOOSMALL,SHOWERHEADSTHATARETOOLOW,ANDRESTAURANTTABLESWITHHARDLYANYLEGROOMALLMAKELIFEDIFFICULTFORTHOSEOFABOVEAVERAGEHEIGHTITSAYSBUTITISNOTJUSTTHEEXTRATAILWHOSENEEDSARENOTBEINGMETTHEAVERAGEHEIGHTOFTHEPOPULATIONHASBEENINCREASINGYETTHESTANDARDSIZEOFBEDS,DOORWAYS,ANDCHAIRSHASREMAINEDUNCHANGED“THEBEDDINGINDUSTRYSAYSABEDSHOULDBESIXINCHESLARGERTHANTHEPERSONUSINGIT,SOEVENAKINGSIZEBEDAT666FEETAND6INCHESISFALLINGSHORTFOR25%OFMEN,WHILETHESTANDARD63BEDCATERSFOR满足需要LESSTHANHALFOFTHEMALE男性POPULATION,SAIDTPCGBPRESIDENTPHILHEINRICY,SEVENFOOTBEDSWOULDWORKFINESIMILARLY,RESTAURANTTABLESCANCAUSENOENDOFPROBLEMSSMALLTABLES,WHICHMEANTHELONGLEGGEDHAVETOSITAFOOTORSOAWAYFROMTHEMAREENOUGHTOMAKETALLCUSTOMERSGOELSEWHERESOMEHAVEALREADYTAKENNOTE,HOWEVERATQUEENSMOATHOUSES’CALEDONIANHOTELINEDINBURGH.66BEDSARENOWPUTINASSTANDARDAFTERREQUESTSFORLONGERBEDSFROMTALLERVISITORS,PARTICULARLYAMERICANS64WHATISTHEPURPOSEOFTHETPCGBCAMPAIGNATOPROVIDEBETTERSERVICESBTOREBUILDHOTELSANDRESTAURANTSCTODRAWPUBLICATTENTIONTOTHENEEDSOFTHETALLDTOATTRACTMOREPEOPLETOBECOMEITSMEMBERS65WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGMIGHTBEABEDOFPROPERLENGTHACCORDINGTOPHILHEIRTRICYA72”B7C66”D63”66WHATMAYHAPPENTORESTAURANTSWITHSMALLTABLESATHEYMAYLOSESOMECUSTOMERSBTHEYMAYSTARTBUSINESSESELSEWHERECTHEYHAVETOFINDEASYCHAIRSTOMATCHTHETABLESDTHEYHAVETOPROVIDEENOUGHSPACEFORTHELONGLEGGED67WHATCHANGEHASALREADYBEENMADEINAHOTELINEDINBURGHATALLPEOPLEPAYMOREFORLARGERBEDSB66”BEDSHAVETAKENTHEPLACEOF63”BEDSCSPECIALROOMSAREKEPTFORAMERICANSDGUESTROOMSARESTANDARDIZEDDCASSANDRAFEELEYFINDSITHARDTOMANAGEONHERHUSBAND’SINCOMESOTHISYEARSHEDIDSOMETHINGMORETHANAHOBBY业余爱好SHEPLANTEDVEGETABLESINHERYARDFORHERFIRSTGARDEN,MSFEELEYHASPUTIN15TOMATOPLANTS,ANDFIVEROWSOFAVARIETYOFVEGETABLESTHEFAMILY’SOLDFARMHOUSEHASBECOMEACHICKENHOUSE,ITSRESIDENTSARRIVINGNEXTMONTHLASTYEAR,MSRITAGARTINKEPTASMALLGARDENTHISYEARSHEHASMADEITMUCHLARGERBECAUSE,SHESAID,“THECOSTOFEVERYTHINGISGOINGUPANDIWASLOOKINGTOLOSEAFEWPOUNDS,TOO;SOITSAWINWINSITUATIONALLAROUND”THEYAREAMONGTHEGROWINGNUMBEROFAMERICANSWHO,DRIVENBYHIGHERLIVINGCOSTSANDAFALLINGECONOMY经济,HAVETAKENUPVEGETABLEGARDENINGFORTHEFIRSTTIMEOTHERSHAVEINCREASEDTHESIZEOFTHEIREXISTINGGARDENSSEEDCOMPANIESANDGARDENSHOPSSAYTHATNOTSINCETHE1970SHASTHEREBEENSUCHANINCREASEININTERESTINGROWINGFOODATHOMENOWMANYGARDENSACROSSTHECOUNTRYHAVEBEENSOLDOUTFORSEVERALMONTHSINAUSTIN,TEX,SOMEOFTHEGARDENSHAVEATHREEYEARWAITINGLISTGEORGECBALLJR,OWNEROFACOMPANY,SAIDSALESOFVEGETABLESEEDSANDPLANTSAREUPBY40%OVERLASTYEAR,DOUBLETHEAVERAGEGROWTHOFTHELASTFIVEYEARSMRBALLARGUESTHATSOMEOFTHEREASONSHAVEBEENBUILDINGFORTHELASTFEWYEARSTHEBIGONEISTHESTRIKINGRISEINTHECOSTOFFOODLIKEBREADANDMILK,TOGETHERW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