会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

高考英语知识串讲[1].doc高考英语知识串讲[1].doc -- 5 元

宽屏显示 收藏 分享

资源预览需要最新版本的Flash Player支持。
您尚未安装或版本过低,建议您

2008高考英语知识串讲第1讲一、LanguagePoints1.sharev.分享、合用sharesthwithsbn.一份,股份sparea.业余的,备用的sparetime,asparetirev.抽出,匀给sparemefiveminutes/spareoneofsandwichesfortheboysparenoefforts不遗余力sparenoexpense不惜工本savev.节省,救出2.Hefeltluckytohavesurvivedthewar.3.withsbabout/oversth和某人就某事争论arguefor/againststh赞成/反对Sbinto/outofdoingsth说服某人做/不做某事4.have/make/let/see/watch/listento宾宾补do/doing/donegetsbtodosthhave宾宾补todo/tobedone5.So同一主语助动词So/neither/nor助动词另一主语Soitis/waswith另一主语6.should/oughtto/need/could/might/woulddo/havedone7.except/but/exceptfor/exceptthat/exceptwhclausebesides/inadditionapartfrombutforwithout8.Thefirsttime从句Forthefirsttime作时间状语Itsthefirsttimethatclause完成时thefirst名词todo9.mostmostofthen.pl/pron.themajorityofthemostly主要地(状)10.beequaltosth与相等beequaltodoingsth胜任做某事equalsth与相等equalsbinsth在方面与某人匹敌11.compareto/withcomparedto/with12.agreatmanyseveral/twodozen/hundredn.pl.manydozensofagreatmanyofthe/these/thosen.pl.seveal/twodozenofpron.13.muchtooadj/adv原级toomuchn.u.toomanyn.pl.14.没有被动态comeabout主要用于疑问句、否定句happen表示偶然、碰巧之意sthtakeplace多表示有组织、有计划breakout指战争、灾害、疾病等的爆发occur与happen通用Itoccurstosbthat/todo某人突然想起15.n./pron./adj./adv./prepphrasetodo表将来With宾宾补doing表正在进行Done表过去16.强调句型的判断方法如果将句子中的itbe和that去掉,原句通顺则是强调句,否则就不是强调句。例ItwasinthestreetthatImetanoldfriendyesterday.二、语法专题──名词的考点1.考查可数名词和不可数名词,尤其是许多不可数名词在一定情况下变为可数名词。2.考查名词的格,即s所有格,of所有格或双重所有格。3.名词作定语。4.名词及名词短语的辨析。5.名词与介词,冠词,动词的搭配。三、题型归纳──辨析型单项填空1.名词的辨析名词的辨析首先要注意名词单复数的意义区别,如parent指父亲或母亲,而parents指父母双亲people指人们,而apeople指民族。其次注意可数与不可数时的意义区别,如exercise指锻炼而exercises指练习题或练习操再次,注意同义名词或近义名词的区别,如event指发生的重大事件、体育项目incident指偶发事件而accident指意外事件。最后还要注意近形词的区别,如cloth指布cloths指各种不同用途的布clothes指衣服复数,clothing衣服总称。2.动词的辨析对于动词的辨析,首先要了解动词的及物与不及物,如reply意为回答,答复后面接名词时需接介词to,此时为不及物动词后接从句时,则为及物动词。其次是要弄清动词的词义区别,如advise与persuade,前者指劝说、劝告,强调过程而后者指说服,强调结果。最后还要区别各种非谓语动词间的意义和用法动词的ving形式表示正在进行或伴随的动作ved形式表示完成或被动todo形式表示即将进行的动作等。3.形容词、副词的辨析对于形容词、副词,一是要注意近义词间的区别,如clever指对问题处理的圆滑bright指对问题的反应快wise指选择的正确等。此外,如wide与broadstrong与powerfulinteresting与interestedexciting与excited等。二是注意同形的形容词和副词,如close作形容词时意为亲密的作副词时意为接近,靠拢。三是注意同根副词的区别,如hard与hardly,前者指猛烈地、努力地而后者意为几乎不。四是注意副词形式的形容词,如friendly,lovely,lively实际上是形容词,切不可当作副词使用。五是注意形容词的位置区别,如presentn.与n.present,前者指当前的而后者指在场的。4.介词的辨析对介词的辨析要从两方面入手,一是介词的词义,如across,through,past,over为动作介词,across强调从表面横过,越过through强调从空间穿过past强调从侧面、旁边经过over强调从空中越过而不接触,也可以表示越过一段距离、空间等。此外,如above,over,onwith,byof,toto,for的区别。5.连词的辨析连词的区别主要在于一是连词的意义,如when,while与asbecause,since与forwhether与ifthough,as与although等。二是注意时间名词短语转化而成的连词,如every/eachtimethefirst/secondtimethemomenttheminute等,它们都可作连词,连接从句。三是注意副词转化而成的连词,如directly,immediately,instantly等。四是注意连词的词序,如onlyif与ifonly,前者意为只要,后者意为要是就好了。6.代词的辨析代词的辨析包括不定代词,如other,others,theother,theothers,another等人称代词,如one,it,that等和关系代词,如which与thatwhich与aswhose与prep.which/whom等。1.Doestheteacher____youtogohomethisweekendA.allowB.consentC.agreeD.approve2.Afterthebigfire,thehousewascompletely____.A.ruinedB.destroyedC.damagedD.spoiled3.Thehuntersaidhewasluckytogetoutoftheforest____.A.livingB.aliveC.livelyD.live4.____talkingwithhisGrandma,hewentawaywithoutsayingaword.A.TiringwithB.TiringofC.TiredwithD.Tiredof5.Itsnecessarytohavesome____knowledgeforthisjob.A.electricB.electricalC.elctronD.electricity6.Thephoto____onthewallwastakeninBeijinglastyear.A.hangB.hangingC.hungD.hanged7.OnNewYearsDay,people,especiallygirls,alwayswearnew____newhats,newcoats,newtrousersandnewshoes.A.clothesB.clothingC.clothD.cloths8.Hestaysup____intheeveningstogoonlinetogetthe____information.A.late,latestB.lately,lastC.late,lastD.latest,latest9.____isittoaskheraboutheraboutthatShedoesntknowiteither.A.WhatgoodB.HowgoodC.WhatagoodD.Howmuchgood10.____IhaddoneitIknewIhadmadeamistake.A.HardlyB.DirectlyC.mostlyD.Nearly11.ItissaidyouwenttoseeJennyyesterday.Whathasbecome___herA.fromB.ofC.intoD./12.Whodoyouthinkwillbeallowed____theretomorrowA.visitB.tovisitC.visitingD.visited13.TodaywecaneitherflytoHainanIslandortakeaship___thesea.A.inB.acrossC.frominD.acrossfrom14.Youwilfindwhatgreatbenefitthecomputeryouowncanbe____eachtimeyouuseittohelpyouwork.A.forB.ofC.atD.on15.Ithoughthewasnot____ofaprofessorthefirsttimeIheardhimspeakingtothechildrenattheplatforminthehallofourschool.A.somethingB.anythingC.somebodyD.anybody16.Wevemissedthelastbus.Imafraidwehaveno____buttotakeataxi.A.wayB.choiceC.possibilityD.selection17.____studentshavegraduatedfromthisschoolinthelasttwentyyears.A.TensofthousandsofB.TensuponthousandsofC.TensinthousandsD.Tenthousandsof18.Thefarmersplantoproducethreetimes____intheyearbeforelasttomeettheincreasingneedofthepeople.A.ofcropasmuchthisyearasB.asmuchcropthisyearasC.asmorecropthisyearasD.muchcropthisyearthan19.Ithinkthehouseis____largeforafamilyoffourpeopleandthepriceisveryreasonable.A.tooB.ratherC.fairlyD.alittle20.Hismotherdislikeshim,forhe____lies.A.tellsB.isalwaystellingC.hastoldD.alwaystold15ABBDB610BBAAB1115BBDBB1620BABCB第2讲一、Languagepoints1.sb./sth.adj/nsb./sth.todoconsider以为,认为+sb./sth.asthatclausen.consider考虑+doing疑问词todosth把当作的译法considerasthinkof/lookon/take/regard/treat/haveas2.todoAwayofdoingthat/inwhich定语从句AmethodofdoingsthbythismeansYoucansolvetheproblemwiththismethodinthiswaybymeansof通过方式,以手段bythis/thatmeans通过这种/那种方式byallmeans务必,一定(用于回答)当然行,请bynomeans决不,一点也不(用于句首时用倒装)3.protectfromdoingsthprevent/stopfromdoingsthkeepfromdoingkeepdoingunderthepotectionof4.aswellaswellasmight/mayaswellhadbetter5.todospeciallyforphraseespecially6.alongtheriver沿着河流overtheriver在河的正上方throughtheforest穿过森林bytheriver在河边onthebank在河岸上7.followtheinstructionsfollowonesadviceasfollows8.beresponsibletosbforsth9.n.doing/todosthsbtodosthprefersthtosthdoingAtodoingBtodoAratherthandosththatsbshoulddosth10.n.aftern.onen.afteranother一个接一个(强调动作的重复)n.byn.一个接一个(强调动作的变化)treeaftertree/daybyday11.sayhitosb.Pleaseremembermetosb.向某人问好Sendmyregardstosb.Sendthebestwishestosb.12.主beadj.todo不定式一般用主动式,与主语存在逻辑上的动宾关系,所以当不定式的动词是不及物动词时,则应在其后加上适当的介词。主beadj.todoItbeadj.for/ofsbtodostheg.Thisquestionisdifficulttoanswer.Itsdifficulttoanswerthequestion.Themanishardtoworkwith.Itshardtoworkwiththeman.当不定式用作定语时,与其所修饰的词之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,且主语为该动作的执行者时,也常常用主动形式。Eg.Hewantswatertodrink.Shehasaroomtolivein.IwillgotoBeijingtomorrow.Doyouhaveanythingtobetakenthere二、语法专题──冠词的考点1.考查冠词的一些基本用法,例如复数名词、不可数名词表示泛指不用任何冠词the单数名词表类指a/an单数名词表泛指。2.考查冠词的习惯用法。如incaseoffire,bewoundedintheleg,onthetelephone,leavecollege等。3.考查冠词的活用。如抽象名词的具体化,asuccessa/an专有名词表泛指,anEdison。4.考查零冠词的用法。三、题型归纳──结构型单项填空结构型试题常表现在句子中某些成分的省略、标点符号的出现、倒装或插入其他成分使前后分离等,从而引起句子结构的变化,扰乱对句子的判断。1.有省略的复合句。由于宾语从句或定语从句中谓语部分行为动词的省略,导致对不定式作状语产生误解。2.标点符号的影响。由于受汉语习惯的影响,往往会因为句子中的标点符号,弄错句子的结构。3.插入语的影响。有些句子由于中间插入了某些成分,而使句子显得支离破碎,造成对句子结构的误解。4.倒装句型的基本结构1完全倒装2部分倒装1)在特殊疑问句和一般疑问句中2)so/neither/nordo/be/have/情态动词+主语3)当虚拟语气的条件从句中省略if时,were,had,和should应置于句首,采用倒装结构4)表示祝愿的句子may主语动词原形5)as,though引导让步状语从句时提前部分as主语谓语动词6)表示否定意义的副词、介词短语和连词词组置于句首7)当notuntil时间状语从句置于句首时,主句应采用倒装结构,而从句仍用正常语序8)notonlybutalso连接两个句子时,第一个句子采用倒装结构,第二个句子不采用倒装结构9)nosoonertham,hardlywhen,scarcelywhen都表示一就,强调过去的两个动作接连发生,当nosooner,hardly和scarcely置于句首时,主句常把had置于主语之前,采用倒装结构,但从句不倒装。10)only副词/介词短语/宾语/时间状语从句置于句首时,常采用倒装,但only主语则不应采用倒装11)在so/suchthat引导的结果状语从句中,将soadj./adv.或such置于句首时,其主句常采用倒装结构。5.强调句型,感叹句,并列句的应用。6.独立主格结构。1ntodo2ndoing3ndone4nprep.n.5nadj/adv6nn7withntodo/doing/done/adj/adv/prepn.1.Hesaidhewoulddowhathecould____us.A.helpB.tohelpC.helpingD.helped2.Hespentallthemoneyhehad____thatdictionary.A.buyB.tobuyC.buyingD.bought3.Therearemorethanthreethousandstudentsinmyschool,mostof____fromthecountry.A.thatB.whichC.whomD.them4.Itishiscleverness,nothisstrenth,____defeatedhisrival.A.thatB.whichC.whatD.who5.Thewayyouthinkof_____ourlivingconditionssoundsreasonable.A.improveB.toimproveC.improvingD.improvement6.Ifeelstronglythatwhateveryou____mattertome.A.dontB.dodoesntC.dontdoD.doesntdo7.Isthisschool____youstudiedintwoyearsagoA.thatB.whenC.itD.theone8.Pleasetellmethewaythoughtof____thegarden.A.takecareofB.totakecareofC.takingcareofD.howtotakecareof9.MrWangwasmuchdisappointedtoseethewashingmachinehehadhad____wentwrongagain.A.itrepairedB.toberepairedC.repairedD.repairing10.Wewilldoeverythingwecan____ourcity.A.tosaveB.saveC.savingD.saved11.TheairqualityinBeijingaswellasintheneighboringcitiesweoncespentmuchtime____betterandbetter.A.ingettingB.havinggotC.inisgettingD.hasgot12.Whodidtheteacher,aswellasthemonitor,____anarticleforthewallnewspaperA.haswriteB.haswrittenC.havewriteD.havewritten13.Whatdoyouconsider____toherA.tohappenB.happeningC.happenedD.happens14.MrReedmadeuphismindtodevoteallhehadto____someschoolsforpoorchildren.A.setupB.settingupC.havesetupD.havingsetup15.Tohisjoy,thedayhelookedforwardto____atlastA.comingB.comeC.cameD.havecome16.Howlongdoyouthinkitis____shearrivedhereA.whenB.thatC.beforeD.since15BCDAB610BDBCA1116CCCBCD第3讲一、Languagepoints1.owesbsthowesthtosb欠某人某物owesthtosb/sth将归功于owingto由于=thanksto/becauseof/dueto2.thinkhighly/poorly/little/alotofsb/sthspeakhighly/well/badlyofsb/sthsinghighpraiseforsb/sth3.apologizetosbfordoingsthmakeanapologytosbfordoingsthexcusesbfordoingsthforgivesbfordoingsthpardonsbfordoingsth4.makeanimpressiononsbhaveanimpressionofsthimpresssthon/upononesmind5.serveinthearmyontheofficeservethepeople/thedishservesbwithsthservesthtosbserveasthechairman6.makejokesabout取笑,拿开玩笑=makeajokeaboutlaughat嘲笑haveajokewithsb开某人的玩笑playajokeonsbplaytricksonsb戏弄injoke闹着玩,开玩笑7.todoItstimeforsthForsbtodosthThatclause(一般过去时)8.theone/ones替代同类事物中特指一个或一些one替代上文提到的同类名词中的一个,表泛指it指上文提到的同一个事物that替代上文出现的带定冠词的名词或不可数名词9.none用来回答howmany/howmuch引导的问句,常与of连用noone只能指人,用来回答who引导的问句neither两者都不,表单数nothing用于指物,用来回答what引导的问句10.cloth布u.apieceofcloth表示某种特殊用途的布块(桌布)Wipeupthewaterwithacloth.clothes衣服,服装。是一个没有单数形式的复数名词Asuitofclothes注不能直接用数词修饰,但可用many,few,his,my,thse之类的词修饰,作主语时谓语动词用复数。clothing服装,衣着。是一个无复数形式的物质名词,除衣服外,还包括幌子,手套,鞋袜之类的东西,作主语时谓语动词用单数。Apieceofclothing,anartcleofclothingdress指穿在外面的衣服,尤指在社交场合穿的礼服及妇女的连衣裙。suit成套的衣服。11.live活着,有生命的作定语,主要用来指鸟或其他动物,实况直播的lively活泼的,有生气的,生动的alive活着的,还有气儿的,是表语形容词,在句中作表语或后置定语living活着,健在的,现行的12.receive收到,接到客观动作accept接受,领受主观意愿接受教育、惩罚、支持,遭受不幸,接待客人只用receive接受某条件、建议只用accept13.turnadj常表示从某种状态向其他状态变化的自然现象Theweatherhasturnedmuchcolder.goadj常表示由好变坏的情况Themilkwentwrong/bad.becomeadj强调施动者的作用或变化的结果Pleasedontgetangry.comeadj一般表示向好的方面变化。Mydreamhascometrue.14.含有插入语的疑问句WhatdoyouthinkhashappenedtohimHowdoyousupposethefilmwillendWhydoyoubelieveheisunfitfortheoffice15.主从复合句的反意疑问句疑问部分根据主句确定,但是主句的主语是I/we,谓语是think/suppose/believe/hope/imagine/expect/guess/know/feel/besure/betold时,疑问部分根据从句确定,否定转移时,疑问部分用肯定语气。Shethinkitisagoodidea,doesntsheIthinkitisagoodidea,isntitIdontthinkitisagoodidea,isit二、语法专题──代词的考点1.不定代词1all,any,none,both,either,neither2another,other,theother,others,theothers3复合不定代词someone,anyone,everyone,noonesomething,anything,everything,nothing.2.it的用法1it作实意代词,代替日期、时间、季节、距离代替身份不明的人,心目中的人和事以及代替上文已提到的或下文将要提到的人、物或某种情况代替指示代词this,that。2it作引导词作形式主语和形式宾语,代替不定式、动名词和从句it用于强调句型。3.替代词one,ones,theone,theones,that,those的用法。4.人称代词在使用中要注意主格和宾格的区别,反身代词则要注意和主语一致。三、题型归纳──习语、搭配型单项填空语言的习惯表达是语言在长期使用过程中的结果,不能随意改变。其表现形式主要在介词短语、名词短语及非谓语动词短语的习惯搭配等方面。习语、搭配型单项填空主要考查对英语习语及搭配的掌握和运用,这就需要在平时多加注意和积累,切不可想当然。1.介词后的宾语介词后面常接名词、代词、动名词作宾语,但是,在考试时要注意一些习惯用法。如farfromsatisfied/overtakesthforgrantedinhospital与inthehospitalatsea与atthesea。2.冠词的增删固定搭配中名词前的冠词的有无都是习惯用法,若去掉或增加,都会使其意思发生变化。如inprison与intheprisoninbed与onthebedinschool与intheschoolinpossessionof与inthepossessionofinchargeof与inthechargeofinfrontof与inthefrontof。3.非谓语动词短语的考查重点一是非谓语动词与逻辑主语的关系二是非谓语动词与谓语动词所表示动作的时间先后关系三是非谓语动词的习惯用法。另外,有些非谓语动词短语已经从非谓语动词短语中游离了出来,而成为表达某种意思的固定搭配。如tobetruetotellyouthetruthtobeexactjudgingby/fromexactlyspeakingfranklyspeakingcomparedto/with等。4.动词的搭配。如meantodosth/meandoingsthforgettodosth/forgetdoingsthbeusedtodoingsth/usedtodosthheadfor/gotolendto/borrowfromsetabout/setoutwritedown/takedown/putdown等。5.动词短语。如haveacold/catchcoldtakeplace/takeonesplace等。6.短语动词。如runout/runoutofstickto/keeponbringin/bringon等。7.形容词短语。如bestrictwith/indifferentfrom/inbecarefulof/with等。8.名词短语。如thenumberof/anumberofaknowledgeof等。1.Nomatterwhatyousee,donttakeitfor____,butuseyourheadtothinkitover.A.grantB.grantingC.grantedD.grantness2.Whenwriting,heoftenkeepsadictionary____.A.inhandB.onhandC.athandD.handin3.Hiswifeoftengoesto____onSundays.A.churchB.achurchC.thechurchD.churching4.Itisgoodforyouinyourfuturelife____English.A.havegoodknowledgeofB.tohavegoodknowledgeofC.tohaveagoodknowledgeofD.hasagoodknowledgeof5.____whathesaid,hehasbeentoAustralia.A.JudgebyB.JudgedbyC.JudgingfromD.Tojudgefrom6.Sheisalwaysreadytohelpothersandaskingfornothing____.A.inreturnB.incaseC.inadditionD.inturn7.Theyheldaceremony____thosekilledinthebattle.A.insteadofB.infavorofC.bymeansofD.inhonorof8.Theman____theshopsaidwecouldhavetwodaysoff.A.inchargeofB.inthechargeofC.takechargeofD.takethechargeof9.WhentheygottoAmerica,theynearly____money.A.ranoutB.ranoutofC.ranawayD.ranawayfrom10.WordcamethatBrown____therecordinyesterdaysmatch.A.madeB.strokeC.beatD.hit11.Look,littleBettyisgivingatalktothechildrenandis____ateacher.A.somebodyofB.anybodylikeC.somethingofD.likeanything12.MrWangisveryold,butheworkslikeayoungman.Indeed,Icantadmirehim____.A.verymuchB.sowellC.toomuchD.quitewell16CCACCA712DABCCC第4讲一、Languagepoints1.sthsthforsthprepareforsthtodosthbepreparedforbepreparedtodosthmakepreparationsfor2.Theytiedforfirstplaceinthegame.Wetiedwiththevisitingteaminthebasketballmatch.Thedogistiedtoatree.3.affectvt.影响effectn.效果,作用haveagood/badeffectonineffect事实上causeandeffect因果takeeffect生效,起作用comeintoeffect生效,实行effortn.努力withouteffort毫不费力makeeveryeffort尽一切努力sparenoeffort不遗余力3.weighvt.称的重量vi.重达,重量为putonweightloseweightbyweightinmeters/pounds/caloriesbytheday/theweek/theyard/thedozen/theton4.in参加比赛competewith/against与竞赛/竞争for角逐,为获取而竞赛5.Wherethereisariver,thereisacity.Wherethereisawill,thereisaway.Wherethereislife,thereishope.6.dosthnotdosth
编号:201311180012348975    大小:481.00KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-11-18
  【编辑】
5
关 键 词:
高考 试题
温馨提示:
1: 本站所有资源如无特殊说明,都需要本地电脑安装OFFICE2007和PDF阅读器。图纸软件为CAD,CAXA,PROE,UG,SolidWorks等.压缩文件请下载最新的WinRAR软件解压。
2: 本站的文档不包含任何第三方提供的附件图纸等,如果需要附件,请联系上传者。文件的所有权益归上传用户所有。
3.本站RAR压缩包中若带图纸,网页内容里面会有图纸预览,若没有图纸预览就没有图纸。
4. 未经权益所有人同意不得将文件中的内容挪作商业或盈利用途。
5. 人人文库网仅提供交流平台,并不能对任何下载内容负责。
6. 下载文件中如有侵权或不适当内容,请与我们联系,我们立即纠正。
7. 本站不保证下载资源的准确性、安全性和完整性, 同时也不承担用户因使用这些下载资源对自己和他人造成任何形式的伤害或损失。
  人人文库网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

当前资源信息

4.0
 
(2人评价)
浏览:48次
abingge上传于2013-11-18

官方联系方式

客服手机:13961746681   
2:不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器下载   
3:不支持QQ浏览器下载,请用其他浏览器   
4:下载后的文档和图纸-无水印   
5:文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

相关资源

相关资源

相关搜索

高考   试题  
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们
copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5