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高考英语总复习综合测试(九).doc高考英语总复习综合测试(九).doc -- 5 元

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2009年高考英语总复习综合测试九II语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分)第一节完形填空(共10小题每小题2分,满分20分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从2130各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。IgrewupinatinyBaltimorerowhouseinafarawaymountainarea.Myparents21thenecessitiesoflife,buttheycouldntgivemuchmore.IfIaskedmyfatherforapairofjeans,hejustcouldnt22them.Fromage12on,Ididparttimejobsafterschool.WhenIgraduatedfromhighschool,Ijoinedthenavy.SoonIwasinabootcampatParrisIsland,S.C.,whereIlearnedthatlifeinthenavycenteredaroundcompletingdailytasks.Completingthesetaskssuccessfully23discipline,teamworkandresponsibility.Iwent24tograduatefromtheU.S.NavalAcademyandlaterbecameanofficerinthenavy.ThepartofmyjobIenjoyedmostwastheconsulting咨询meetingI25withthefamilymembersofthemenandwomeninmy26,tryingtohelpthemdealwiththelongperiodsofseparation.27Iwasbeingaskedtogiveencouraging28tobusinessgroups,educatorsandkidsacrossthecountry.ButIconsiderthebootcampmyfirstreal29,andmylifeisstillguidedbythe30lessonsIlearnedthere.21.A.providedB.gotC.madeD.bought22.A.payB.findC.produceD.afford23.A.includedB.askedC.requiredD.met24.A.outB.onC.awayD.off25.A.endedB.beganC.continuedD.held26.A.chargeB.situationC.positionD.choice27.A.LongbeforeB.BeforelongC.AsusualD.Onceagain28.A.performancesB.descriptionsC.speechesD.gifts29.A.vacationB.placeC.jobD.travel30.A.importantB.bitterC.normalD.difficult答案及解析本文讲述了作者的成长经历小时候12岁开始打零工,高中毕业参加了海军,美国海军学院毕业,在海军里当一名军官。21.A父母只提供生活必需品给我。22.D父亲买不起牛仔裤给我。23.C成功地完成任务需要有纪律、团队工作精神和责任心。24.B我继续一直到毕业。25.D我和家庭成员举办的会议,短语holdthemeetings中的meetings提前了。26.A固定搭配,inonescharge在控制下领导下。27.B固定搭配,beforelong不久,longbefore很久以前,asusual照常,onceagain再一次。28.C固定搭配,givespeechesto向作报告。29.C根据上下文提到的是我的工作,所以用job。30.A此题考查文章的理解我所学到的重要经验教训。第二节语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为3140的相应位置上。Londonwasawarded312012OlympicGamesonWednesday,32defeatEuropeanrivalParisinthefinalroundofvotingtotakethegamesbacktoBritishcapital33thefirsttimesince1948.34Moscow,NewYorkandMadridweredefeatedinthefirstthreeroundsLondonbeatParis5450onthefourthballot投票表决oftheIOC.InLondoncrowdscheeredandwavedflagsas35watchedtheannouncementfromSingapore36agiantscreeninTrafalgarSquareandintheeastLondonarea37themainOlympicbuildingswillbebased.BlairspenttwodaysinpersuadinginSingapore38leavingtohosttheG8summit八国峰会inScotland.Mypromisetoyouisthatwewillbeyourvery39goodpartners,Blairsaid.ItsthefourthbidforBritainafter40failattemptsbyBirminghamforthe1992OlympicsandManchesterforthe1996and2000.答案及解析本文主要讲述了英国伦敦成功申办2012年奥林匹克运动会。31.the特指2012年奥运会举办权。32.defeating分词短语作伴随状语。33.for固定搭配,第一次。34.After根据句意得知。35.they指代前面的crowds。36.on在荧屏上。37.where引导定语从句。38.before在之前。39.best布莱尔首相承诺英国将成为他们最好的伙伴。40.failed形容词前置定语,表示已失败的。III阅读(共两节,满分40分)第一节阅读理解(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AImagineyoureatapartyfullofstrangers.Yourenervous.WhoarethesepeopleHowdoyoustartaconversationFortunately,youvegotathingthatsendsoutenergyattinychipsineveryonesnametag标签.Thechipssendbackname,job,hobbies,andthetimeavailableformeetingwhatever.Makingnewfriendsbecomessimple.Thishasntquitehappenedinreallife.ButtheworldisalreadyexperiencingarevolutionusingRFIDtechnology.AnRFIDtagwithatinychipcanbefixedinaproduct,underyourpetsskin,evenunderyourownskin.PassiveRFIDtagshavenoenergysourcebatteriesbecausetheydonotneedit.Theenergycomesfromthereader,ascanningdevice,thatsendsoutenergyforexample,radiowavesthatstartsupthetagimmediately.Suchatagcarriesinformationspecifictothatobject,andthedatacanbeupdated.Already,RFIDtechnologyisusedforrecognizingeachcarortruckontheroadanditmightappearinyourpassport.Doctorscanputatinychipundertheskinthatwillhelplocateandobtainapatientsmedicalrecords.AtanightclubinParisorinNewYorkthesamechipgetsyouintotheVIPveryimportantpersonsectionandpaysforthebillwiththewaveofanarm.Takeastepback10or12yearsago,youwouldhaveheardaboutthecomingageofcomputing.OneexamplealwaysseemedtosurfaceYourrefrigeratorwouldknowwhenyouneededtobuymoremilk.Theconceptwasthatcomputerchipscouldbeputeverywhereandsendinformationinasmartnetworkthatwouldmakeordinarylifesimpler.RFIDtagsareasmallpartofthisphenomenon.Theworldisgoingtobealooselycoupledsetofindividualsmalldevices,connectedwirelessly,predictsDr.J.Reich.Humanrightsupportersarenervousaboutthepossibilitiesofsuchtechnology.ItgoestoofartrackingschoolkidsthroughRFIDtags,theysay.Weimagineaworldinwhichabeercompanycouldfindoutnotonlywhenyouboughtabeerbutalsowhenyoudrankit.Andhowmanybeers.Accompaniedbyhowmanybiscuits.WhenMarconiinventedradio,hethoughtitwouldbeusedforshiptoshorecommunication.Notforpopmusic.WhoknowshowRFIDandrelatedtechnologieswillbeusedinthefuture.HeresawildguessNotforbuyingmilk.41.Thearticleisintendedto.A.warnpeopleofthepossiblerisksinadoptingRFIDtechnologyB.explainthebenefitsbroughtaboutbyRFIDtechnologyC.convincepeopleoftheusesofRFIDtechnologyD.predicttheapplicationsofRFIDtechnology42.WeknowfromthepassagethatwiththehelpofRFIDtags,people.A.willhavenotroublegettingdataaboutothersB.willhavemoreenergyforconversationC.willhavemoretimetomakefriendsD.wontfeelshyatpartiesanylonger43.PassiveRFIDtagschieflyconsistof.A.scanningdevicesB.radiowavesC.batteriesD.chips44.WhyaresomepeopleworriedaboutRFIDtechnologyA.Becausechildrenwillbetrackedbystrangers.B.Becausemarketcompetitionwillbecomemorefierce.C.Becausetheirprivateliveswillbegreatlyaffected.D.Becausecustomerswillbeforcedtobuymoreproducts.45.ThelastparagraphimpliesthatRFIDtechnology.A.willnotbeusedforsuchmattersasbuyingmilkB.willbewidelyused,includingforbuyingmilkC.willbelimitedtocommunicationusesD.willprobablybeusedforpopmusic答案及解析本文主要讲述的是一项新技术RFID的应用及它的前景。41.D主旨大意题。通读全文得知。42.A细节理解题。根据第一段Fortunately,youvegotathingthatsendsoutandthetimeavailableformeetingwhatever,可推知选A。43.D细节理解题。根据第三段AnRFIDtagwithatinychipcanbefixedPassiveRFIDtagshavenoenergysourcebatteriesbecausetheydonotneedit,可知选D。44.C细节理解题。根据第六段HumanrightsupportersarenervousItgoestoofartrackingAccompaniedbyhowmanybiscuits可知选C。45.B推理推断题。根据最后一段提到的Marconi在发明收音机时只想应用在轮船与陆地沿岸的交流沟通,没想到应用在流行音乐上,因而谁知道RFID及相关技术在未来将怎样使用,可能会用在买牛奶的问题上。BItisdifficultfordoctorstohelpapersonwithadamagedbrain.Withoutenoughblood,thebrainlivesforonlythreetofiveminutes.Moreoftenthedoctorscantfixthedamage.Sometimestheyareafraidtotrysomethingtohelpbecauseitisdangeroustoworkonthebrain.Thedoctorsmightmakethepersonworseifheoperatesonthebrain.Dr.RobertWhite,afamousprofessoranddoctor,thinksheknowsawaytohelp.Hethinksdoctorsshouldmakethebrainverycold.Ifitisverycold,thebraincanlivewithoutbloodfor30minutes.Thisgivesthedoctoralongertimetodosomethingforthebrain.Dr.Whitetriedhisideaon13monkeys.Firsthetaughtthemtododifferentjobs,thenheoperatedonthem.Hemadethemonkeysbloodbacktothemonkeysbrains.Whenthebrainstemperaturewas10℃,Dr.Whitestoppedthebloodtothebrain.After30minutesheturnedthebloodbackon.Hewarmedthebloodagain.Aftertheiroperationsthemonkeyswereliketheyhadbeenbefore.Theywerehealthyandbusy.Eachonecouldstilldothejobsthedoctorhadtaughtthem.
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