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同义词汇总单词中文释义英文释义同义词出处abandon [ə'bændən]n./vt. 狂热/遗弃a feeling of extreme emotional intensity/forsake, leave behindloose , mania,desert , yield , quitTest40abasement [ə'beɪsmənt]n. 身份低微,屈尊,降低a low or downcast statecondescendence , debasementTest25abashed [ə'bæʃt]adj. 不安的,窘迫的,尴尬的feeling or caused to feel uneasy and self-conscioustroubled , uncomfortableTest30abate [ə'beit]vt. 减轻,减少,废除make less active or intense,(of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespreadmoderate , allay,to alleviate , ease off,subside, die down/away/out, drop off/away, lessen, ease (off), let up, decrease, diminishTest9 Test29 Test18abbreviated [ə'bri:vi,eitid]adj. 简短的,小型的,服装超短的(of clothing) very shortbrief , pocketTest22abdicate ['æbdikeit]v. 退位;放弃fail to fulfil or undertake (a responsibility or duty)resign, retire, quit, stand down, step down, bow out, renounce the throneTest14abduct [æb'dʌkt]vt. 绑架,诱拐,使外展pull away from the bodyspirit , kidnapTest42aberration [,æbə'reiʃən]n. 失常,离开正路,越轨a state or condition markedly different from the normTest30abhor [əb'hɔ:]vt. 痛恨,憎恶find repugnantabominate , revolt atTest33 Test29ability [ə'biliti]n. 能力,能耐,才能the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishmentcapacity , competence , talent , quality , powerTest29abjure [æb'dʒuə]v. 发誓放弃;公开放弃solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)relinquish, reject, dispense with, forgo, forswear, disavow, abandonTest 1 Test 3abode [ə'bəud]n. 住处;营业所a place of residence; a house or homhome, house, place of residence/habitation, accommodationTest 2abolish [ə'bɔliʃ]v. 废除,废止formally put an end to (a system, practice, or institution)put an end to, do away with, get rid of, scrap, end, stop, terminate, eradicate, eliminateTest 3abominable [ə'bɔminəbl]adj. 讨厌的,令人憎恶的,糟透的unequivocally detestableevil , rank , unpleasant , poisonousTest22 Test10abounding[ə'baʊndɪŋ] adj.大量的,丰富的existing in abundanceProfuse,ample,plentifulJJabrasive [ə'breisiv]adj. 粗糙的,有研磨作用的,伤人感情的a substance that abrades or wears down/causing abrasioncrude , rough , coarse , harshTest27abscond [əb'skɔnd]v. 逃匿,潜逃;避债leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to escape from custody or avoid arrestrun away, escape, bolt, clear out, flee, make off, take flight, take off, fly, decampTest 3absolute ['æbsəlju:t, ,æbsə'lju:t]n./adj. 绝对/绝对的,完全的perfect or complete or pure; something that is conceived to be absoluteabstraction, abstractTest44absolve [əb'zɔlv, -'sɔlv]v. 免除;赦免declare (someone) free from guilt, obligation, or punishment exonerate, discharge, acquit, exculpate, vindicate,clearTest 3absolved [əb'zɔlv, -'sɔlv]vt. 免除,赦免,宣告…无罪grant remission of a sin todischarge , forgiveTest28absorbed [əb'sɔːbd]v./adj. 被吸收的/吸收retained without reflectionwholehearted , unbendable,suckedTest41abstain [əb'stein]vi. 自制,放弃,避免refrain from voting,restrain oneself from doing or enjoying somethingcontain , restrain oneself,refrain, desist, hold back, forbear, keep; renounce, avoid, shun, eschewTest5 Test36abstruse [əb'struːs]adj. 深奥的;难懂的difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledgecomplicated , deepTest41absurd [əb'sɜːd]n./adj. 荒谬的/荒诞作品a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless/incongruous;inviting ridiculeridiculous , preposterousTest39 Test41abundance [ə'bʌndəns]n. 充裕,丰富the property of a more than adequate quantity or supplyplenty , pregnancy , amplitude , enrichmentTest39abundant [ə'bʌndənt]adj. 丰富的;充裕的;盛产present in great quantityfull , ample , plentiful , luxuriousTest17 Test8 Test43abuse [ə'bju:z, ə'bju:s]n./vt. 滥用;虐待/陋习cruel or inhumane treatment/treat badly,use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse:punishment , vice,strain , maltreat,misuse, misapply, misemploy, mishandle; exploit, pervert, take advantage of.Test5 Test41abut [ə'bʌt]vt. 邻接,毗邻,紧靠lie adjacent to another or share a boundaryadjoin,neighborTest36abyss [ə'bis]n. 深渊;深邃a deep or seemingly bottomless chasmchasm, gorge, ravine, canyon, fissure, rift, crevasse,holeTest4accede [æk'si:d]v. 同意;就任agree to a demand, request, or treaagree to, consent to, accept, assent to, acquiesce in, endorseTest 3accentuate [æk'sentjueit]vt. 强调,重读to stress, single out as importantemphasize , stress , highlightTest38acceptable [ək'septəbl]adj. 可接受的,合意的,可忍受的worthy of acceptance or satisfactoryreceivable , admissibleTest25acclaim [ə'kleim]n./vt. 欢呼,喝彩,称赞/称赞,为…喝彩,向…欢呼enthusiastic approvalspeak well of , pay a tribute to,praise , applause,cheerTest29 Test35acclamation JJaccolade ['ækəuleid, ækəu'leid]n. 荣誉,称赞a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinctionhonor , glory , praiseTest30accompany [ə'kʌmpəni]vt. 陪伴;伴随;伴奏be associated with; perform an accompaniment toattend , keep companyTest 2 Test45accomplish [ə'kʌmpliʃ]v. 完成;实现achieve or complete successfullyfulfil, achieve, succeed in, realize, attain, manage, bring about, bring offTest 3 Test12accomplished [ə'kʌmpliʃt]adj. 完成的;熟练的highly trained or skilled in a particular activityexpert, skilled, skilful, masterly, virtuoso, master, consummateTest4accord [ə'kɔ:d]n. 协议an official agreement or treatypact, treaty, agreement, settlement, deal, ententeTest5accusation [,ækju:'zeiʃən]n. 控告,指控,谴责a formal charge of wrongdoing brought against a person; the act of imputing blame or guiltcharge , incriminationTest19acknowledge [ək'nɔlidʒ]v. 承认;答谢accept or admit the existence or truth ofadmit, accept, grant, allow, concede, confess, own, appreciateTest4acquaint [ə'kweint]vt. 使熟悉,使认识cause to come to know personally; make familiar or acquainted informTest44acquiesce [,ækwi'es]vi. 默许;勉强同意to agree or express agreement,accept something reluctantly but without protest connive,give one's approval to; comply with, conform to, abide by, respect, stand by, cooperate withTest5 Test46acquire [ə'kwaiə]v. 获得;取得buy or obtain (an asset or object) for oneabtain, come by, come to have, get, receive, gain,procureTest 2 Test5acrid ['ækrid]adj. 辛辣的,苦的,刻薄的strong and sharpacid , bitter , spicyTest42activism ['æktivizəm]n. 行动主义,激进主义a policy of taking direct and militant action to achieve a political or social goalradicalismTest32acumen [ə'kju:men]n. 聪明,敏锐the ability to make good judgements and take quick decisionsastuteness, awareness, shrewdness, acuity, sharpness, sharp-wittedness, clevernessTest14adage ['ædidʒ]n. 格言,谚语,箴言a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many peoplesaying , saw , proverb , mottoTest 3 Test15 Test18 Test30adaptable [ə'dæptəbl]adj. 适合的;能适应的;可修改的capable of adapting (of becoming or being made suitable) to a particular situation or usecalculated , propitiousTest43addition [ə'diʃən]n. 添加a component that is added to something to improve itadd , accretionTest5 Test12 Test20additional [ə'diʃənəl]adj. 附加的,额外的added, extra, or supplementary to what is already present or available extra, added, supplementary, supplemental, further, auxiliary, ancillaryTest9addled ['ædld]adj. 头脑混乱的unable to think clearly; confusedmuddled, confused, fuddled, befuddled, bewildered, dazed, dizzyTest 2adept ['ædept, ə'dept]n./adj. 内行,能手/熟练的,擅长的someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field/having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitudeexperienced , skilled , accomplished , clever , practiced,expert , sharpTest16adequate ['ædikwit]adj. 充足的;适当的;胜任的meeting the requirements especially of a tasksuitable , competent , appropriate , proper , becoming , sufficientTest40adhere [əd'hiə]vt. 坚持,粘附,追随be compatible or in accordance withstay , stand onTest16 Test17 JJadjust [ə'dʒʌst]vt. 调整,校准/适应alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standardchange, alter, modify, reorient, adapt, accommodate, decideTest23 Test32 Test44administer [əd'ministɚ]vt. 管理,执行,给予work in an administrative capacity; supervisemanage , afford , perform , conduct , implementTest24 Test42admirable ['ædmərəbl]adj. 令人钦佩的;极好的arousing or deserving respect and approvalcommendable, worthy of admiration, worthy of commendation, praiseworthyTest4admiration [,ædmə'reiʃən]n. 钦佩,赞赏,羡慕,赞美a feeling of delighted approval and likingenvy , envious ofTest31admire [əd'mʌiə]v. 欣赏regard with respect or warm approvalappreciate, respect, applaud, praiseTest34admission [əd'miʃən]n. 承认;入场费a statement acknowledging the truth of somethingadmittance, entry, entrance, right of entry, permission to enter, accessTest4admit [əd'mit]vi. 承认,容许,准许进入declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth ofaccept , recognize , agree , acknowledge , grant,accept , recognizeTest30admonish [əd'mɔniʃ]v. 告诫;劝告reprimand firmlyreprimand, rebuke, scold, reprove, upbraid, chastise, chide, censure, castigateTest 3adorn [ə'dɔ:n]vt. 装饰,使生色make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.paint , hangTest37adulatory ['ædjuleitəri]adj. 阿谀的,奉承的,谄媚的obsequiously complimentarygnathonic , flatteringTest25advance [əd'vɑ:ns]v. 前进;进展move forwards in a purposeful waymove forward, proceed, move along, press on, push on, push forward, make progressTest6 Test14advanced [əd'vɑ:nst]adj. 先进的;高级的far on or ahead in development or progressrecently developed, newly discovered, newfangled, ultra-modern, futuristicTest8adversary ['ædvəsəri]n. 对手,敌手someone who offers oppositionequal , opponent , comparative , rival , matchTest27 Test29adversity [ɔ:'θɔrəti]n. 逆境,不幸,灾难a state of misfortune or afflictiondisaster , tragedy , evil , griefTest24 Test42advisable [əd'vaizəbl]adj. 明智的,可取的,适当的worthy of being recommended or suggested; prudent or wisesuitable , wise , adequate , appropriate , properTest38advocate ['ædvəkeit, 'ædvəkət]n./vt. 提倡者/提倡,主张a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an ideaforeign , outer , outside , surface , supporterTest44aerodynamic [,εərəudai'næmik]adj. 空气动力学的relating to aerodynamicsaerodromeTest10affable ['æfəbl]adj. 和蔼可亲的;友善的friendly, good-natured, or easy to talk friendly, amiable, genial, congenial, cordialTest 2affect [ə'fekt, 'æfekt]n./vt. 情感/影响;感染;感动the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotioninfluence , impact of , impact on , catch , contractTest 3 Test12 Test45affiliations [ə,fili'eiʃən]n. 联盟,附属机构,加入a social or business relationshipalliances , alignmentsTest21affirm [ə'fə:m]v. 肯定;断言state emphatically or publiclydeclare, state, assert, aver, proclaim, pronounce, attest, swearTest 3affirmative [ə'fə:mətiv]adj. 肯定的;积极的agreeing with or consenting to a statement or request positive, assenting, consenting, agreeing, concurring, corroborativeTest13afflict [ə'flikt]vt. 折磨,使痛苦,使苦恼cause pain or suffering inharry , worry , trouble , tear , devilTest42affliction [ə'flikʃ(ə)n]n. 苦难;苦恼;折磨a state of great suffering and distress due to adversityhardship , tribulationTest41affluence ['æfluəns]n. 富裕,丰富,流入,汇聚abundant wealthabundance , plenty , pregnancy , amplitude , richnessTest26after deathadj. 死后的occurring or coming into existence after a person's deathTest35agency ['eidʒənsi]n. 代理,中介a business or organization providing a particular service on behalf of another businessbusiness, organization, company, firm, office, bureau, concern, serviceTest7 Test13agenda [ə'dʒendə]n. 议程,日常工作事项a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended toTest16agent ['eidʒənt]n. 代理人,代理商a person who acts on behalf of another, in particulrepresentative, negotiator, business manager, emissary, envoy, factor, go-between, proxyTest4 Test5 Test12aggrandize [ə'ɡrændaiz]vt. 增加,夸大,强化add details toenhance , boost , jack , mount , hotTest21aggrandizement [ə'ɡrændizmənt]n. 强化,扩大,夸大the act of increasing the wealth or prestige or power or scope of somethingextension , intensificationTest35aggravate ['æɡrəveit]vt. 加重,使恶化,激怒make worseanger , complicateTest36aggregate ['æɡriɡət, 'æɡriɡeit]n./adj. 合计,集合体,总计/聚合的,集合的a sum total of many heterogenous things taken together/amount in the aggregate to/gathered or tending to gather into a mass or wholeamount , concentrate , collect , mass , crowd,assemble , sum,collective , all told,collective , polymericTest5 Test12 Test20aggressive [ə'ɡresiv]adj. 侵略性的,好斗的,有进取心的tending to spread quicklyinvasive , enterprisingTest31aghast [ə'ɡɑ:st, -'ɡæst]adj. 吓呆的,惊骇的,吃惊的struck with fear, dread, or consternationastonished , appalledTest16agile ['ædʒail]adj. 敏捷的;机敏的;活泼的moving quickly and lightlyalive , fly , sharp , keen , livelynimble, lithe, spry, supple, limber, sprightly, acrobatic, dexterous, deft, willowyTest5 Test10 Test12 Test16 Test20 Test21 Test43agitated ['ædʒiteitid]v./adj. 焦虑,鼓动/激动的,焦虑的,表现不安的troubled emotionally and usually deeplyexcited , anxious , hot , heated , inflammatoryTest26agree [ə'ɡri:]vt. 同意,意见一致,赞成,承认be in accord; be in agreementundertake , accept , recognize , side , grantTest20 Test28agreeable [ə'ɡri:əbl]adj. 令人愉快的,适合的,和蔼可亲的conforming to your own liking or feelings or naturepleasant , adaptive , lovely , calculated , gratefulTest22agreement [ə'griːm(ə)nt]n. 协议;同意,一致compatibility of observationsaccordance , protocol , unity , identity , keeping,accord, concurrence, consensus, harmony, accordance, unity, unisonTest12 Test23 Test41aimlessness ['eimlisnis]n. 无目的,盲目性the quality of lacking any definite purposepurposelessnessTest36airy ['eəri]adj. 空气的,通风的,漫不经心的,不切实际的;做作的,高傲的of relating to air; having a lot of open space through which air can move freely; high in the air; not treating something as serious lofty; unreal, illusory; affected, proud Test 1alarming [ə'lɑ:miŋ]adj./v. 令人担忧的;使人惊恐/使惊恐causing alarm or fearfrightful, horrifying, horrible, uglyTest46alert [ə'lə:t]adj./v. 警惕的,警觉的,留心的/警告,使警觉,使意识到condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action/warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness/very attentive or observantalarm , warn,vigilant , precautious,guard , vigilance, attentive,watchful,Test 1 Test16algid ['ældʒid]adj. 发冷的;寒冷的very coldchillyTest9alias ['eiliæs]n./adv. 别名,化名/别名叫,化名为a name that has been assumed temporarily/as known or named at another time or placeallonym , bynameTest17alien ['eiljən]n./adj. 外国人,外侨,外星人/外国的,相异的,性质不同的,不相容的a person who comes from a foreign country; someone who does not owe allegiance to your country/transfer property or ownership/not contained in or deriving from the essential nature of somethingforeign , external,foreigner , uitlander,transfer , negotiateTest1 Test2 Test17alienate ['eiljəneit]vt. 使疏远,离间;让与arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendlinessrelease , conveyTest43allege [ə'ledʒ]vt. 宣称;提出…作为理由report or maintaindeclare , asseverateTest45allegedly [ə'ledʒidli]adv. 依其申述used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proofreportedly, supposedly, reputedly, purportedly, ostensibly, apparentlyTest5alleviate [ə'li:vieit]v. 减轻,缓和make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) lessreduce, ease, relieve, take the edge off, deaden, dull, diminish, lessen, weakenTest5 Test12 Test24allot [ə'lɔt]v. 分配;拨给give or apportion (something) to someoneallocate, assign, issue, award, grant, administer, devote; earmark forTest11 Test29allude [əˈlu:d]v. 暗指,间接提到make a more or less disguised reference toimply,mention,hintJJalluring ['ə'ljuəriŋ]adj. 诱惑的,诱人的,迷人的,吸引人的highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desireattractive , killing , taking , absorbingTest38aloft [ə'lɔft]adj. 在空中的;在高处的up in or into the air; overheadoverhead,upwards, up, high, higher, into the air, into the sky, skyward, on high, heavenwardTest11alone [ə'ləun]adj. 独自的,单独的,孤独的isolated from others/without any others being included or involvedindependent , isolated , separate , sole,respectively , solelyTest19aloof [ə'lu:f]adj. 冷淡的;远离的not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distantdistant, detached, unresponsive, remote, unapproachable, forbidding, stand-offish, formalTest 2 Test12 Test20aloud [ə'laʊd]adv. 大声地, 高声地audibly; not silently or in a whisperaudibly, out loud, for all to hear, clearly, distinctly, plainly, intelligibly.Test6alter ['ɔ:ltə]n. 改变,更改change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant waychange, make changes to, make different, make alterations to, adjust, make adjustments toTest8 Test13amalgamation [ə,mælɡə'meiʃən]n. 融合,混合,合并,联合the combination of two or more commercial companiesmerge , mixture , alliance , marriage , unity , combination , unionTest25amass [ə'mæs]v. 积聚,积累gather together or accumulate (a large amount or number of material or things) over a period of timegather, collect, assemble; accumulate, stockpile, pile upTest 2 Test43amateur ['æmətə, ,æmə'tə:]n./adj. 爱好者,业余爱好者,外行/业余的,外行的someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime/engaged in as a pastimelover , fan,strange , leisure , layTest21amazing [ə'meiziŋ]adj. 令人惊异的causing great surprise or wonder; astonishingastonishing, astounding, surprising, bewildering, stunning, staggering, shockingTest9ambiguity [,æmbi'ɡju:iti]n. 含糊,不明确,暧昧,模棱两可的话an expression whose meaning cannot be determined from its contextvagueness , opacityTest27ambiguous [æm'biɡjuəs]adj. 模糊不清的,引起歧义的open to two or more interpretations; or of uncertain nature or significance; or (often) intended to misleadblurredTest16 Test40ambition [æm'biʃən]n. 野心,雄心a strong desire to do or achieve somethingdrive, determination, desire, enterprise, initiative, eagerness, motivationTest 3ambitious [æm'biʃəs]adj. 野心勃勃的,有雄心的,炫耀的having a strong desire for success or achievementthirsty , eager-beaverTest32ambivalent [,æmbi'veilənt]adj. 矛盾的;好恶相克的having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someoneequivocal, uncertain, unsure, doubtful, indecisive, inconclusive, irresoluteTest 3 Test12 Test20ambulatory ['æmbjulətəri]adj. 流动的;走动的relating to or adapted for walkingwalkingTest 2ambush ['æmbuʃ]n./vt. 埋伏,伏击,攻击the act of concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack by surprise/wait in hiding to attacklurk,waylay,lurk,surprise attack, trap, snare, pitfall, lure; dated ambuscade.Test7 Test8 Test18amelioration [ə,mi:ljə'reiʃən]n. 改进,改善the act of relieving ills and changing for the betterimprovement , reforming , amendment , enrichmentTest21amendment [ə'mendmənt]n. 修正案,改善,改正the act of amending or correctingimprovement , correction , reformationTest37amiable ['eimjəbl]adj. 和蔼可亲的,亲切的disposed to please,having or displaying a friendly and pleasant mannerpleasant , friendly , sweet , benign,affable, amicable, cordial; warm, warm-hearted, good-natured,Test 3 Test12 Test18 Test20 Test35amicable ['æmikəbl]adj. 友好的,友善的characterized by friendship and good willfriendly , fraternalTest23ammunition [æmjʊ'niʃn]n. 弹药, 军火a supply or quantity of bullets and shellsbullets, shells, cartridges, bombsTest 1amnesty [ˈæmnəsti]n./v. 大赦,赦免a warrant granting release from punishment for an offensetabulationJJamorphous [ə'mɔ:fəs]adj. 无定形的,无组织的,非晶型的having no definite form or distinct shapeformless , unorganizedTest21 Test25 Test28amuse [ə'mju:z]v. 娱乐;消遣cause (someone) to find something funnyentertain, make laugh, delight, divert, gladden, cheer (up), please, charmTest12ancient ['einʃənt]adj. 古代的;古老的belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existenceago, earliest, first, early, past, former, bygone; prehistoric, primeval, primordialTest13anecdote ['ænikdəut]n. 轶事,奇闻,秘史short account of an incident (especially a biographical one)ana, storyTest24anguish ['æŋɡwiʃ]n. 痛苦;苦恼severe mental or physical pain or sufferingagony, pain, torment, torture, suffering, distress, angst, miseryTest4animated ['ænimeitid]vt./adj. 使…有生气/活生生的,活泼的,愉快的having life or vigor or spiritalive , good , bright , lively , activatedTest35annotation [ˌænə'teɪʃn]n. 注释the act of adding notesexplication,commentaryJJannounce [ə'nauns]v. 宣布;述说make a formal public statement about a fact, occurrence, or intentiondeclare, state, set forth, give out, put out, post, notify, give notice ofTest7 Test13 Test31announcement [ə'naunsmənt]n. 公告;宣告a formal public statement about a fact, occurrenc statement, report, declaration, proclamation, pronouncementTest3 Test5announcer [ə'naunsə]n. 广播员;宣告者a person who announces somethingpresenter, anchorman, anchorwoman, anchor; newsreader, newscaster, broadcaster, reporter, commentatoTest 2annoy [ə'nɔi]n./vt. 烦恼/骚扰,惹恼,打搅cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritationsharry , ply with,brown off,worry , troubleTest37annoyance [ə'nɔiəns]n. 烦恼;可厌之事the feeling or state of being annoyed; irritationirritation, exasperation, vexation, indignation, anger, crossness, displeasureTest11annoyed [ə'nɔid]adj./v. 恼怒的;烦闷的;使烦恼slightly angry; irritatedirritated, cross, angry, vexed, exasperated, irked, piqued, displeasedTest5 Test8 Test40annoying [ə'nɔiiŋ]adj. 讨厌的;恼人的causing irritation or annoyanceirritating, infuriating, exasperating, maddening, trying, tiresomeTest9 Test10annul [ə'nʌl]vt. 取消,废除,宣告无效declare invalidrecall , abolishTest31annulment [ə'nʌlmənt]n. 取消,废除the state of being cancelled or annulledcancellation , withdrawal , revocation , rescission , recisionTest35anomaly [ə'nɔməli]n. 异常,不规则,反常事物deviation from the normal or common order or form or ruleabnormality , devianceTest30antagonistic [æn,tæɡə'nistik]adj. 敌对的;对抗性的showing or feeling active opposition or hostility towards someone or somethinghostile, opposed, inimical, antipathetic, unsympathetic, ill-disposedTest13antagonize [æn'tæɡənaiz]vt./vi. 使…敌对,使…对抗,对…起反作用/引起反抗provoke the hostility ofantagonise   ,   counteractTest33antecedent [,ænti'si:dənt]n. 前情;先行词a thing that existed before or logically precedes anotherancestor, forefather, forebear, predecessor, progenitorTest5 Test12antediluvian [ˌæntidi'luːviən]adj. (《圣经》上说的)大洪水以前的;陈旧的of or belonging to the time before the biblical Flood; ridiculously old-fashioned before the flood, prehistoric; ancient, early; out of date, old-fashioned, antiqueTest 1anticipate [æn'tisipeit]vt. 预期,期望,占先,抢先,提前使用regard something as probable or likelyhope , presume uponTest6 Test14 Test23anticipation [æn,tisi'peiʃən]n. 希望;预感the action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction expectation, prediction, forecastTest6 Test13antidote ['æntidəut]n. 解药;矫正方法a medicine taken or given to counteract a particular poisonantitoxin, antiserum; cure, remedy; neutralizer, neutralizing agent, counteragentTest7 Test13 Test19antithesis [æn'tiθisis]n. 对立面;对照a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else(direct) opposite, converse, reverse, reversal, inverse, obverse; the other extremeTest 2anxiety [æŋ'zaiəti]n. 焦虑,渴望,挂念,令人焦虑的事a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorderssolicitude , aspirationTest17 Test25anxious ['ænkʃəs]adj. 焦虑的;担忧的;渴望的;急切的eagerly desirouseager , hungry , desired , sick , keenTest16 Test43apathy ['æpəθi]n. 冷漠,无兴趣,无感情an absence of emotion or enthusiasmaloofness , apartnessTest29 Test39aplomb [ə'plɔm]n. 沉着;自信self-confidence or assurance, especially when in a demanding situationpoise, self-assurance, assurance, self-possession, self-confidence, calmnessTest 3appalling [ə'pɔ:liŋ]adj. 可怕的,令人震惊的,使惊愕,惊吓an experience that appalls/causing consternationterrible , electric , horrible , awesome , fearfulTest22apparatus [ˌæpə'reitəs] n. 运动器械, 仪器;机构;器官an insturment or equipment desinged for a specific operation; the complex structure of a particular organization or systemequipment, appliance, instrument; structure, system, device Test 1 Test44 Test46apparent [ə'pærənt]adj. 显然的,表面上的clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgmenttransparent , decided , patent,evident, plain, obvious, clear, manifest, visible, discernible, perceptible, perceivableTest10 Test36apparently [ə'pærəntli]adv. 显然地;似乎,表面上as far as one knows or can seeseemingly, evidently, it seems (that), it would seem (that)Test5appeal [ə'pi:l]v. 呼吁,恳求make a serious, urgent, or heartfelt requestrequest urgently/earnestly, make an urgent/earnest request, callTest 3appease [ə'pi:z]v. 使平息;使满足pacify or placate (someone) by acceding to their demandsconciliate, placate, pacify, make peace with, propitiate, palliate, allay, reconcileTest4 JJappetizing ['æpə'taiziŋ]adj. 开胃的;促进食欲的appealing to or stimulating the appetite especially in appearance or aromastomachalTest41applicable ['æplikəbl]adj. 可适用的;可应用的;合适的relevant or appropriaterelevant, appropriate, pertinent, apposite, germane, material, felicitous, significant, relatedTest14 Test33apply [ə'plai]vt. 申请,请求,应用,适用put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purposeput in for , enter one's name for,demand , put in forTest29 Test42appointment [ə'pɔintmənt]n. 任命;约定an arrangement to meet someone at a particular time and placemeeting, engagement, interview, arrangement, consultation, sessionTest6 Test13appraisal [ə'preizəl]n. 评价;估价an act of assessing something or someoneassessment, evaluation, estimation, judgementTest4appraise [ə'preiz]vt. 评价,鉴定,估价place a value on; judge the worth of somethingvalue , score , rate , prizeTest25apprehend [,æpri'hend]vt./vi. 理解,逮捕,忧虑/理解,担心get the meaning of somethingsee , absorb , read , seize,worry , cotton onTest33apprehension [,æpri'henʃən]n. 理解,恐惧,逮捕,忧惧fearful expectation or anticipationgrasp , understanding , fear , comprehensionTest29apprehensive [,æpri'hensiv]adj. 忧虑的,不安的,敏悟的,知晓的anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happentroubled , uncomfortable,anxious, alarmed, worried, uneasy, nervous, concerned, agitated, restlessTest4 Test33 Test34approach [ə'prəutʃ]n. 方法;途径come near or nearer to (someone or something) in distance or tproceed towards, come/go towards, advance towardsTest9appropriate [ə'prəuprieit; ə'prəupriət]adj./vt. 适当的;合适的/占用;拔出give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause; suitable for a particular person or place or conditionsuitable , proper , adequate , becoming,engage , take up toTest23 Test33 Test45approval [ə'pru:vəl]n. 批准,认可,赞成the formal act of approvingconfirmation , authorization , validation , ratification,acceptance, agreement, consent, assent, acquiescence, compliance, concurrenceTest6 Test18 Test19approve [ə'pru:v]vt. 批准,赞成,满意,为…提供证据give sanction toconfirm , agree , uphold , authorize,to ratify , give someone the green light,agree with, hold with, endorse, support, back, uphold, subscribe to, recommend, advocateTest39 Test33 Test19 Test15 Test14aptitude ['æptitju:d]n. 天资,自然倾向,适宜inherent abilitytalent , endowmentTest29aqueous ['eikwiəs]adj. 水的,水般的of or containing waterwateryTest9arbitrary ['ɑ:bitrəri]adj. 任意的,武断的,专制的based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or capriceartificial , random , absolute,capricious, whimsical, random, chance, erratic, unpredictableTest23 Test4arbitrate ['ɑ:bitreit]vt. 仲裁,公断act between parties with a view to reconciling differencesnegociate, negotiate, talk termsTest44arbitration [,ɑ:bi'treiʃən]n. 公断,仲裁the act of deciding as an arbiter; giving authoritative judgmentmediation , umpirageTest25archetypal [,a:ki'taipl]adj. 原型的representing or constituting an original type after which other similar things are patternedprototypalTest25archival [ɑ:'kaivəl]adj. 档案的of or relating to or contained in or serving as an archive,a collection of historical documents or rec

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